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R2.3 A Discern Main Ideas Provide Evidence
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R2.3 A Discern Main Ideas Provide Evidence

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  • 1. Today we will discern main ideas and the evidence that supports them. discern – figure out evidence – proof; details
  • 2. Activating Prior Knowledge
    • The main idea is the big point that the writer is communicating to the reader.
    • Often the reader can approach the main idea just by looking at the title.
    • For example, a passage titled: “Why Teachers Deserve More Dollars” will include reasons for that idea .
  • 3. APK - The Roof Figure
    • Try to see the main idea as a roof.
    • It should be big enough to include everything in the reading passage
      • the details
  • 4. Main Idea
    • Main Idea - is like the heart
    • of the text or a paragraph.
    • It is the controlling idea .
    • All the other supporting details in the text or within a paragraph should tell us more about the main idea .
    ma
  • 5. Can you discern the main idea in this image? What is the evidence for it?
  • 6. Main Ideas and Supporting Details In texts, there are general statements and specific statements. General statements are like a category. Specific statements provide details about the general statement.
  • 7. What would you categorize these creatures under?
  • 8. CD - General Versus Specific
    • The main idea is a general one.
    • The supporting ideas in the passage are specific ones.
    • Which word is the most general:
    • Potato or Vegetable?
  • 9. potato specific general
  • 10. CD -What about the topic ?
    • The topic is the general subject of a reading passage.
    • To find the topic, just ask yourself: “Who or what is this passage about?”
    • The topic can be expressed in a word or a phrase.
    WHO?
  • 11. CD -The Topic Sentence
    • Many paragraphs have topic sentences that indicate what their about.
    • Find the topic sentence in this paragraph:
    • Homeless people have many problems. In winter, it’s hard to stay warm and it gets too hot in summer. It’s also hard to keep things safe without a home. Worst is the lack of privacy.
  • 12. Supporting Details
    • Supporting details prove the value of the main idea . What are they here?
    • Homeless people have many problems. In winter, it’s hard to stay warm and it gets too hot in summer. It’s also hard to keep things safe without a home. Worst is the lack of privacy.
  • 13. Get the Point?
    • Read this short paragraph:
    • Engineers make our city rich. So, tennis is a game and the resources of the earth are few. Have you gone mad? Thus the only solution is to educate the public on being responsible.
  • 14. Get the Point?
    • We would go crazy if texts were written like this all the time.
    • It was difficult to understand because it was made of different ideas that did not link. There was no common thread.
  • 15. Steps to discerning the Main Idea and providing evidence
    • Read text carefully with clarification
    • Ask yourself, “Who or what is the passage about?”
    • Ask yourself, “What is the evidence that supports it?”
    • Check to see if your teammates agree.
    • Write your answer
  • 16.
    • Example 1:
    • I drive a car. It is a
    • 1992 gray, 4-door
    • Toyota.
    Guided Practice
    • Read text carefully with clarification
    • Ask yourself, “Who or what is the passage about?”
    • Ask yourself, “What is the evidence that supports it?”
    • Check to see if your teammates agree.
    • Write your answers.
  • 17.
    • Example 2:
    • David works in the
    • field of media. He is
    • a television news
    • reporter.
    Guided Practice
    • Read text carefully with clarification
    • Ask yourself, “Who or what is the passage about?”
    • Ask yourself, “What is the evidence that supports it?”
    • Check to see if your teammates agree.
    • Write your answers.
  • 18.
    • Numbers
    • one, seven, fourteen, one
    • hundred
    • 1. ___________
    • red, pink, orange, blue
    • 2. ___________
    • frog, dog, mouse, giraffe
    • 3. ___________
    • teacher, salesperson, nurse,
    • physician
    Guided Practice
    • Read text carefully with clarification
    • Ask yourself, “Who or what is the passage about?”
    • Ask yourself, “What is the evidence that supports it?”
    • Check to see if your teammates agree.
    • Write your answer
  • 19.
    • Example :
    • vegetables
    • potatoes
    • food
    Instructions Number each word "1" for the most general item, and 2, and 3 for the most specific. 3 2 1 Guided Practice
  • 20.
    • 1
      • __my dog Blacky
      • __dogs
      • __Labrador dogs
    • 2
      • __glasses
      • __sunglasses
      • __sports sunglasses
    • 3
      • __IBM person computer (PC)
      • __computers
      • __PC's
    Guided Practice
  • 21. Closure
    • Main Idea - is like the heart
    • of the text or a paragraph.
    • It is the controlling idea .
    • All the other supporting details in the text or within a paragraph should provided the evidence that supports the main idea.