R2.3 A Discern Main Ideas Provide Evidence

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R2.3 A Discern Main Ideas Provide Evidence

  1. 1. Today we will discern main ideas and the evidence that supports them. discern – figure out evidence – proof; details
  2. 2. Activating Prior Knowledge <ul><li>The main idea is the big point that the writer is communicating to the reader. </li></ul><ul><li>Often the reader can approach the main idea just by looking at the title. </li></ul><ul><li>For example, a passage titled: “Why Teachers Deserve More Dollars” will include reasons for that idea . </li></ul>
  3. 3. APK - The Roof Figure <ul><li>Try to see the main idea as a roof. </li></ul><ul><li>It should be big enough to include everything in the reading passage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the details </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Main Idea <ul><li>Main Idea - is like the heart </li></ul><ul><li>of the text or a paragraph. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the controlling idea . </li></ul><ul><li>All the other supporting details in the text or within a paragraph should tell us more about the main idea . </li></ul>ma
  5. 5. Can you discern the main idea in this image? What is the evidence for it?
  6. 6. Main Ideas and Supporting Details In texts, there are general statements and specific statements. General statements are like a category. Specific statements provide details about the general statement.
  7. 7. What would you categorize these creatures under?
  8. 8. CD - General Versus Specific <ul><li>The main idea is a general one. </li></ul><ul><li>The supporting ideas in the passage are specific ones. </li></ul><ul><li>Which word is the most general: </li></ul><ul><li>Potato or Vegetable? </li></ul>
  9. 9. potato specific general
  10. 10. CD -What about the topic ? <ul><li>The topic is the general subject of a reading passage. </li></ul><ul><li>To find the topic, just ask yourself: “Who or what is this passage about?” </li></ul><ul><li>The topic can be expressed in a word or a phrase. </li></ul>WHO?
  11. 11. CD -The Topic Sentence <ul><li>Many paragraphs have topic sentences that indicate what their about. </li></ul><ul><li>Find the topic sentence in this paragraph: </li></ul><ul><li>Homeless people have many problems. In winter, it’s hard to stay warm and it gets too hot in summer. It’s also hard to keep things safe without a home. Worst is the lack of privacy. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Supporting Details <ul><li>Supporting details prove the value of the main idea . What are they here? </li></ul><ul><li>Homeless people have many problems. In winter, it’s hard to stay warm and it gets too hot in summer. It’s also hard to keep things safe without a home. Worst is the lack of privacy. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Get the Point? <ul><li>Read this short paragraph: </li></ul><ul><li>Engineers make our city rich. So, tennis is a game and the resources of the earth are few. Have you gone mad? Thus the only solution is to educate the public on being responsible. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Get the Point? <ul><li>We would go crazy if texts were written like this all the time. </li></ul><ul><li>It was difficult to understand because it was made of different ideas that did not link. There was no common thread. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Steps to discerning the Main Idea and providing evidence <ul><li>Read text carefully with clarification </li></ul><ul><li>Ask yourself, “Who or what is the passage about?” </li></ul><ul><li>Ask yourself, “What is the evidence that supports it?” </li></ul><ul><li>Check to see if your teammates agree. </li></ul><ul><li>Write your answer </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Example 1: </li></ul><ul><li>I drive a car. It is a </li></ul><ul><li>1992 gray, 4-door </li></ul><ul><li>Toyota. </li></ul>Guided Practice <ul><li>Read text carefully with clarification </li></ul><ul><li>Ask yourself, “Who or what is the passage about?” </li></ul><ul><li>Ask yourself, “What is the evidence that supports it?” </li></ul><ul><li>Check to see if your teammates agree. </li></ul><ul><li>Write your answers. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Example 2: </li></ul><ul><li>David works in the </li></ul><ul><li>field of media. He is </li></ul><ul><li>a television news </li></ul><ul><li>reporter. </li></ul>Guided Practice <ul><li>Read text carefully with clarification </li></ul><ul><li>Ask yourself, “Who or what is the passage about?” </li></ul><ul><li>Ask yourself, “What is the evidence that supports it?” </li></ul><ul><li>Check to see if your teammates agree. </li></ul><ul><li>Write your answers. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Numbers </li></ul><ul><li>one, seven, fourteen, one </li></ul><ul><li>hundred </li></ul><ul><li>1. ___________ </li></ul><ul><li>red, pink, orange, blue </li></ul><ul><li>2. ___________ </li></ul><ul><li>frog, dog, mouse, giraffe </li></ul><ul><li>3. ___________ </li></ul><ul><li>teacher, salesperson, nurse, </li></ul><ul><li>physician </li></ul>Guided Practice <ul><li>Read text carefully with clarification </li></ul><ul><li>Ask yourself, “Who or what is the passage about?” </li></ul><ul><li>Ask yourself, “What is the evidence that supports it?” </li></ul><ul><li>Check to see if your teammates agree. </li></ul><ul><li>Write your answer </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Example : </li></ul><ul><li>vegetables </li></ul><ul><li>potatoes </li></ul><ul><li>food </li></ul>Instructions Number each word &quot;1&quot; for the most general item, and 2, and 3 for the most specific. 3 2 1 Guided Practice
  20. 20. <ul><li>1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>__my dog Blacky </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>__dogs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>__Labrador dogs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>__glasses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>__sunglasses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>__sports sunglasses </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>__IBM person computer (PC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>__computers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>__PC's </li></ul></ul>Guided Practice
  21. 21. Closure <ul><li>Main Idea - is like the heart </li></ul><ul><li>of the text or a paragraph. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the controlling idea . </li></ul><ul><li>All the other supporting details in the text or within a paragraph should provided the evidence that supports the main idea. </li></ul>

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