Adv Read Main Idea

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  • I like your house analogy, so I would have developed that on theme instead of shifting to another analogy. I like the example paragraphs because they show why the main idea is important with both a positive and a negative example.
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Adv Read Main Idea

  1. 1. Finding the Main Idea How to Read Smarter
  2. 2. The Point <ul><li>The main idea is the big point that the writer is communicating to the reader. </li></ul><ul><li>Often the reader can approach the main idea just by looking at the title. </li></ul><ul><li>For example, a passage titled: “Why Doctors Deserve More Dollars” will include reasons for that idea. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Roof Figure <ul><li>Try to see the main idea as a roof. </li></ul><ul><li>It should be big enough to include everything in the reading passage. </li></ul><ul><li>But it shouldn’t be too big for the text. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Main Idea <ul><li>Main Idea - is like the heart </li></ul><ul><li>of the text or a paragraph. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the controlling idea. </li></ul><ul><li>All the other supporting details in the text or within a paragraph should tell us more about the main idea. </li></ul>ma
  5. 5. General Versus Specific <ul><li>The main idea is a general one. </li></ul><ul><li>The supporting ideas in the passage are specific ones. </li></ul><ul><li>Which word is the most general: </li></ul><ul><li>Potato or Vegetable? </li></ul>
  6. 6. What about the topic? <ul><li>The topic is the general subject of a reading passage. </li></ul><ul><li>To find the topic, just ask yourself: “Who or what is this passage about?” </li></ul><ul><li>The topic can be expressed in a word or a phrase. </li></ul>WHO?
  7. 7. The Topic Sentence <ul><li>Many paragraphs have topic sentences that indicate what their about. </li></ul><ul><li>Find the topic sentence in this paragraph: </li></ul><ul><li>Homeless people have many problems. In winter, it’s hard to stay warm and it gets too hot in summer. It’s also hard to keep things safe without a home. Worst is the lack of privacy. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Supporting Details <ul><li>Supporting details prove the value of the main idea. What are they here? </li></ul><ul><li>Homeless people have many problems. In winter, it’s hard to stay warm and it gets too hot in summer. It’s also hard to keep things safe without a home. Worst is the lack of privacy. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Get the Point? <ul><li>Read this short paragraph: </li></ul><ul><li>Engineers create wealth for society. So, tennis is a game and the resources of the earth are scarce. Have you gone mad? Thus the only solution is to educate the public on being socially responsible. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Get the Point? <ul><li>We would go crazy if texts were written like this all the time. </li></ul><ul><li>It was difficult to understand because it was made of different ideas that did not link. There was no common thread. </li></ul><ul><li>The good news is that normal passages have main ideas! </li></ul>

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