Decision Making

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  • Decision Making

    1. 1. Tools for today’s school leaders ED 673
    2. 2. <ul><li>1. Rational or Normative Prescriptive </li></ul><ul><li>2. Shared Decision Making or Site based </li></ul><ul><li>3. Strategic Decision Making </li></ul><ul><li>4. Differentiated Decision Making </li></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>Prescribes rigid adherence to written rules and regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Has a scientific base </li></ul><ul><li>The person making the decision is assumed to be rational </li></ul><ul><li>Decision maker should follow specific tasks and steps </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>Questions the belief that one person should make a decision </li></ul><ul><li>Focuses on consensual decision making-rooted in values and beliefs of the participants </li></ul><ul><li>Decisions are based on professional experience of participants, open communication, and equal footing of all </li></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>A blended model of Rational and Participatory </li></ul><ul><li>Administrator is interested in carrying out the vision and a long range plan </li></ul><ul><li>Decisions are based on unexpected events, behaviors, or values (Snowden & Gorton, 1999). </li></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>Often decisions are based on the situation </li></ul><ul><li>Administrator may often have to take a risk and makes decisions based on long range goals </li></ul><ul><li>Must analyze external environment and involve other group members before making decisions </li></ul><ul><li>The decisions do not have to be goal based, but focus on the process of making a decision </li></ul>
    7. 8. Important Not Urgent Urgen t Quadrant 1: Important and Urgent Quadrant 2: Important and not urgent Quadrant 3: Not important and urgent Quadrant 4: Not important and not urgent
    8. 9. <ul><li>Use your handout to make decisions that face administrators daily. </li></ul><ul><li>Determine which need to be handled immediately and which problems can be handled at a later time. </li></ul><ul><li>Then, sort accordingly. Due to time constraints only handle the most pressing issues. </li></ul>
    9. 10. <ul><li>Administrators need to assess whether the decision was the correct one. </li></ul><ul><li>Administrator should have a vested interest in the effectiveness of the decision. </li></ul><ul><li>Use checklist to ascertain whether the decisions were made correctly. </li></ul>
    10. 11. <ul><li>Effective decision making is a complex process </li></ul><ul><li>Process can often be improved by involving others, making it a collaborative effort. </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment of decisions will improve the skill of decision making over a long period of time. </li></ul>
    11. 12. <ul><li>Covey, S. (1999). Seven habits of highly effective people. New York: Simon & Schuster </li></ul><ul><li>Gorton, R. A., Alston, J. A., & Snowden, P. E., (2007). School leadership and administration: Important concepts, case studies, and simulations (6 th ed.) . Bakersfield, CA: McGraw-Hill Publishers. </li></ul>

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