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September 4
 

September 4

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  • The Fighting Temeraire JMW Turner

September 4 September 4 Presentation Transcript

  • Songs of Innocence And Songs of Experience
  •  Poet and Painter  Engraver  Developed own mythology/religion  Used Christian symbols but not Christian concepts  First major “Romantic” poet
  • “Ancient of Days”
  • “The Great Red Dragon and the Women Clothed with the Sun”
  • “Elohim Creating Adam”
  • “Good and Evil Angels”
  • “Michael Binding Satan”
  • “Satan Inflicting Boils Upon Job”
  • “Nebuchadnezzar “
  • “Pity”
  •  The belief that “good” and “evil” as defined by contemporary religions are not really opposite, but different parts of one great whole.
  • "The Lamb"
  • "The Tyger"
  • William Wordsworth PowerPoint slide adapted from Marco Mulas: http://www.slideshare.net/mulasmarco/wordsworth-11192648?from_search=2
  • William Wordsworth was born in 1770 in a little town in the Lake District in the north-west of England. PowerPoint slide adapted from Marco Mulas: http://www.slideshare.net/mulasmarco/wordsworth-11192648?from_search=2
  • In 1787 he entered Cambridge and while still a university student he went on a three-month walking tour of France, the Swiss Alps and Italy, and was greatly impressed by the beauty of the landscape. When he finished his degree he returned to France and became a passionate supporter of the democratic ideals of the French Revolution. PowerPoint slide adapted from Marco Mulas: http://www.slideshare.net/mulasmarco/wordsworth-11192648?from_search=2
  •  In 1794 he went to live with his sister Dorothy in a small village in Dorset.  In the same year he met Samuel Taylor Coleridge, a poet with similar radical political and literary views. This friendship had a lasting impact on both poets.  William and Dorothy went to live close to Coleridge. Together they discussed political issues, read, wrote, exchanged theories on poetry and commented on each other‟s work. In this period of intense creativity they produced the Lyrical Ballads (1798), a collection of poems. The second edition of 1800 contained Wordsworth‟s famous Preface, which was to became the Manifesto of English Romanticism. PowerPoint slide adapted from Marco Mulas: http://www.slideshare.net/mulasmarco/wordsworth-11192648?from_search=2
  • In 1799 William and Dorothy moved to Grasmere, one of the loveliest villages in the Lake District, a region that Wordsworth immortalised in his poetry. PowerPoint slide adapted from Marco Mulas: http://www.slideshare.net/mulasmarco/wordsworth-11192648?from_search=2
  •  In 1802 he married a childhood friend and together they had five children.  During this period he produced Poems, in Two Volumes (1807) a collection which includes some of his best poems.  In 1805 he finished his masterpiece The Prelude, a long autobiographical poem published posthumously in 1850. It describes the crucial experiences and stages of the poet‟s life and is an introspective account of his emotional and spiritual development. PowerPoint slide adapted from Marco Mulas: http://www.slideshare.net/mulasmarco/wordsworth-11192648?from_search=2
  •  His reputation began to grow and his works became increasingly popular.  In 1843 he was given the title of Poet Laureate, in recognition of his contribution to English literature.  In the last years of his life Wordsworth became more conservative in his political views, abandoning the radical politics and idealism of his youth.  He died in 1850, at the age of eighty. PowerPoint slide adapted from Marco Mulas: http://www.slideshare.net/mulasmarco/wordsworth-11192648?from_search=2
  •  Wordsworth was a great innovator.  He found his greater inspiration in nature.  His poetry offers an account of the interaction between man and nature, of the influences, emotions and sensations which arise from this contact.  His main interest is the poet‟s response to a natural object.  One of the most consistent concepts in his poetry is the idea that man and nature are inseparable. PowerPoint slide adapted from Marco Mulas: http://www.slideshare.net/mulasmarco/wordsworth-11192648?from_search=2
  •  Man is an active participant in the natural world.  Nature is something that includes both inanimate and humane nature, each is a part of the same whole.  Nature comforts man in sorrow.  Nature is a source of pleasure and joy.  Nature teaches man to love and to act in a moral way.  Wordsworth‟s poetry celebrates the lives of simple rural people, he sees them more sincere than people living in cities. PowerPoint slide adapted from Marco Mulas: http://www.slideshare.net/mulasmarco/wordsworth-11192648?from_search=2
  •  Children are regarded as pure and innocent, uncorrupted by education and the evils of the world.  Childhood is the most important stage in man‟s life.  What the child sees is both more imaginative and more vivid than the perception of the adult. PowerPoint slide adapted from Marco Mulas: http://www.slideshare.net/mulasmarco/wordsworth-11192648?from_search=2
  •  Wordsworth believed that intuition, not reason, should guide the poet.  Inspiration should come from the direct experience of the senses.  Wordsworth exploited especially the sensibility of the eye and ear. PowerPoint slide adapted from Marco Mulas: http://www.slideshare.net/mulasmarco/wordsworth-11192648?from_search=2
  •  Poetry, he wrote in the Preface, originates from „the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings‟ which is filtered through „emotion recollected in tranquillity‟.  Memory plays a fundamental role in the creative process of poetry.  Poetry results from the active relationship of present to past experience. PowerPoint slide adapted from Marco Mulas: http://www.slideshare.net/mulasmarco/wordsworth-11192648?from_search=2
  • Through the re-creative power of memory, the emotion is reproduced and purified in poetic form so that a second emotion, „kindred‟ to the first one, is generated. The entire process would be: object poet sensory experience emotion memory recollection in tranquillity „ kindred‟ emotion reader emotion poem PowerPoint slide adapted from Marco Mulas: http://www.slideshare.net/mulasmarco/wordsworth-11192648?from_search=2
  •  The poet has greater sensibility and the ability to penetrate to the heart of things.  The power of imagination enables him to communicate his knowledge.  The poet becomes a teacher who shows men how to understand their feelings and improve their moral being.  The poet‟s task consist in drawing attention to the ordinary things of life, to the humblest people, where the deepest emotions and truths are to be found. PowerPoint slide adapted from Marco Mulas: http://www.slideshare.net/mulasmarco/wordsworth-11192648?from_search=2
  • This is Percy This is Mary PowerPoint slide adapted from a presentation from the following site: elizabethdearcos.com/.../2012/01/Percy-Bysshe-Shelley.ppt
  •  Bullied all through school and university  Led to his obsession with reading, rumored to be 16 hours a day  Unpopular with both students and teachers (he never attended class)  Published poetry and periodicals while still in school  Was expelled from school because of a poem he wrote PowerPoint slide adapted from a presentation from the following site: elizabethdearcos.com/.../2012/01/Percy-Bysshe-Shelley.ppt
  •  Moved away from England at 19 to get married ( to 16 year old Harriet).  Wanted an open marriage, but his wife wouldn‟t allow it – moved to Ireland  Unhappy with his marriage, Shelley would leave his wife and child to visit friends  Fell in love with Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin, daughter of Mary Wollstonecraft, women‟s rights activist PowerPoint slide adapted from a presentation from the following site: elizabethdearcos.com/.../2012/01/Percy-Bysshe-Shelley.ppt
  •  Abandons his pregnant wife and child to run away with Mary. They had only been married three years.  Deeply influenced by William Blake‟s poetry  Met Lord Byron through Mary‟s step-sister – both men influenced each other‟s work  Shelley tried to gain custody of his children, whose mother had killed herself. He lost and they were given to foster parents PowerPoint slide adapted from a presentation from the following site: elizabethdearcos.com/.../2012/01/Percy-Bysshe-Shelley.ppt
  •  In 1822, Shelley and a friend went sailing off the northwestern coast of Italy.  A storm caught them by surprise, capsized the boat, and both men drowned.  Shelley was only 30 years old. PowerPoint slide adapted from a presentation from the following site: elizabethdearcos.com/.../2012/01/Percy-Bysshe-Shelley.ppt
  •  Idealism  Nonconformity  Opposition to all injustice  Change the world through love, imagination, and poetry  Too radical for most romantics  Vegetarianism PowerPoint slide adapted from a presentation from the following site: elizabethdearcos.com/.../2012/01/Percy-Bysshe-Shelley.ppt
  • 1759-1797 PowerPoint slide adapted from Gregory Priebe: http://www.slideshare.net/gpriebe/mary-wollstonecraft-4071116?from_search=5
  •  Described as a "hyena in petticoats"  Self-taught  Led a troubled life  Father was a bully  Left home at 19  Helped sister escape an abusive husband  Suicidal at times PowerPoint slide adapted from Gregory Priebe: http://www.slideshare.net/gpriebe/mary-wollstonecraft-4071116?from_search=5
  •  Had jobs as governess, translator, literary advisor, article writer  A radical  Argued her whole life for the liberation and education of women. PowerPoint slide adapted from Gregory Priebe: http://www.slideshare.net/gpriebe/mary-wollstonecraft-4071116?from_search=5
  •  Observed the Revolution first-hand  Wrote Vindication of the Rights of Man in rebuttal to Burke PowerPoint slide adapted from Gregory Priebe: http://www.slideshare.net/gpriebe/mary-wollstonecraft-4071116?from_search=5
  •  Eventually married her long time friend, radical William Godwin  Lost some credibility with radical friends  Mother of Mary Shelley, author of Frankenstein  Died in childbirth PowerPoint slide adapted from Gregory Priebe: http://www.slideshare.net/gpriebe/mary-wollstonecraft-4071116?from_search=5
  •  A true “child of the Revolution”  saw a new “age of reason” and benevolence coming  desired to bridge the gap between:  humanity‟s present circumstance  ultimate idealized state of perfection  She was a parishioner of minister Richard Price, who started the whole debate  He praised the French Revolution  British people also had the right to overthrow a bad king  Was personally mad at Burke  She saw him as two-faced  Burke defended the American Revolution  She admired him at that time  Attacked Price when he supported the French Revolution PowerPoint slide adapted from Gregory Priebe: http://www.slideshare.net/gpriebe/mary-wollstonecraft-4071116?from_search=5
  •  Her ideas concerning the rights of women were truly revolutionary  The first real feminist  Desired to help women not only for their own sake, but also for the sake of their children and husbands  Elevated to the rank of modern heroine in the 1970s  “Lived out" her own theories.  Practiced what she preached PowerPoint slide adapted from Gregory Priebe: http://www.slideshare.net/gpriebe/mary-wollstonecraft-4071116?from_search=5
  •  June 20, 1743–March 9, 1825  Prominent poet, essayist, and children‟s author  A “woman of letters” who published in multiple genres  Barbauld had a successful writing career at a time when female professional writers were rare PowerPoint slide adapted from a presentation for Central Texas College: www.ctcd.edu/.../documents/FemaleRomanticWriters.ppt
  •  Barbauld was a noted teacher at the Palgrave Academy and an innovative children's writer; her primers provided a model for pedagogy for more than a century.[1]  Her essays demonstrated that it was possible for a woman to be publicly engaged in politics, and other women authors emulated her.[2]  Even more important, her poetry was foundational to the development of Romanticism in England.[3]  Barbauld was also a literary critic, and her anthology of eighteenth-century British novels helped establish the canon as known today. PowerPoint slide adapted from a presentation for Central Texas College: www.ctcd.edu/.../documents/FemaleRomanticWriters.ppt
  •  Barbauld's literary career ended abruptly in 1812 with the publication of her poem “Eighteen Hundred and Eleven,” which criticized Britain's participation in the Napoleonic Wars. Vicious reviews shocked Barbauld , and she published nothing else during her lifetime.[4]  Her reputation was further damaged when many of the Romantic poets she had inspired in the heyday of the French Revolution turned against her in their later, more conservative, years.  Barbauld was remembered only as a pedantic children's writer during the nineteenth century, and largely forgotten during the twentieth century, but the rise of feminist literary criticism in the 1980s renewed interest in her works and restored her place in literary history.[5] PowerPoint slide adapted from a presentation for Central Texas College: www.ctcd.edu/.../documents/FemaleRomanticWriters.ppt
  •  Look at each reading (begin with your favorites)  Blake “The Marriage of Heaven and Hell” (pp. 148-158)  Wordsworth The Prelude from Book Tenth. Residence in France and French Revolution (pp. 391-395)  Shelley “To Wordsworth” (p. 752) and “England in 1819” (p. 790)  Wollstonecraft A Vindication of the Rights of Woman: “Dedication to M. Talleyrand-Perigord” and “Introduction” (pp. 211-217)  Barbauld “The Rights of Woman” (pp. 48-49)  Highlight/note how the reading fits with the theme of “Revolution, Freedom, and Rights”  What line or passage stands out to you as particularly fitting to that theme and how do you interpret/explain it? PowerPoint slide adapted from a presentation for Central Texas College: www.ctcd.edu/.../documents/FemaleRomanticWriters.ppt
  • Write your answer on a piece of paper.
  • Biography
  • Introduction
  • Readings listed on syllabus:  Wordsworth “Preface to Lyrical Ballads (1802) (pp. 292-304)  Byron Don Juan (pp. 673-674, canto 1-7) (feel free, of course, to continue reading if you like!)  Watch introduction to Don Juan to help you make sense of the entire epic because we will only read a miniscule part  Blake Songs of Innocence: “Introduction” (pp. 118-119), “The Lamb” (p. 120), “The Chimney Sweeper” (p. 121-122), “Holy Thursday” (pp. 122-123) and Songs of Experience: “Introduction” (p. 125), “Holy Thursday” (p. 127), “The Chimney Sweeper” (p. 128), “The Tyger” (pp. 129-130)  Shelley “To a Sky-Lark” (pp. 834-836) and from A Defence of Poetry (pp. 856-869)  Keats “Ode to a Nightingale” (pp. 927-929), “Ode on a Grecian Urn” (pp. 930-931), and “Ode on Melancholy” (pp. 931-933) Choose the reading you would most like to discuss and create three discussion questions Turnitin assignment