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September 1 (71) September 1 (71) Presentation Transcript

  • September 1, 2011
  • Register Your clicker for the semester
  • “Good Grammar Gets the Girl”
  • “Good Grammar Gets the Girl”
  • “Good Grammar Gets the Girl”
  • Annotations
    What to Annotate in a Text
    Memorable statements or important points
    Key terms or concepts
    Central issues or themes
    Examples that support a main point
    Unfamiliar words
    Questions you have about a point or passage
    Your responses to a specific point or passage
  • Subjects
  • Prepositional Phrases
    A prepositional phrase consists of a preposition and its object.
    The object is a noun or a pronoun, together with any words that describe or refer to the object.
  • Activity 3: Write Prepositional Phrases
    Isaac bought his computer __________________________.
    My humanities group meets _________________.
    Songs ____________ are very popular.
    The children ate the cookies that they found ______________.
    When the power failed, I was ________________.
    before the big sale
    after class
    about love
    on the counter
    in the attic
  • Activity 3: Write Prepositional Phrases
    Before the concert
    _________________, James practiced his guitar.
    _________________, the mechanic repaired the van.
    Zaini caught the bus ___________.
    The sparrows flew _____________________.
    Everyone walked home _______________.
    During the storm
    at the mall
    over the power lines
    after the recital
  • Prepositional Phrases
    A prepositional phrase cannot be the subject of a sentence.
    You can cross out prepositional phrases to help you figure out the subject of a sentence.
  • Prepositional Phrases
    The doctor from next door bandaged my knee.
    Circle prepositions.
    Line out the prepositional phrase.
    Now decide who or what is doing something or being something.
    The doctor is the subject because
    he is doing the bandaging.
  • Prepositional Phrases
    The girl in the doorway looks like my niece.
    Circle prepositions.
    Line out the prepositional phrase.
    Now decide who or what is doing something or being something.
    The girl is the subject because
    she is looking.
  • Prepositional Phrases
    The bell on the steeple of the church rang three times.
    Circle prepositions.
    Line out the prepositional phrase.
    Now decide who or what is doing something or being something.
    The bell is the subject because
    it is doing the ringing.
  • Prepositional Phrases
    One of my favorite comic strips in the Sunday paper is Peanuts.
    Without using the process, what do you think is the subject of this sentence?
    One
    Comic strips
    Sunday paper
    Peanuts
  • Prepositional Phrases
    One of my favorite comic strips in the Sunday paper is Peanuts.
    Circle prepositions.
    Line out the prepositional phrase.
    Now decide who or what is doing something or being something.
    One is the subject because
    it is being something.
  • Activity 4: Identify Prepositional Phrases
    The tenants down the hall are seldom home.
    Darryl bought a used car for three thousand dollars.
    The flowers in that yard need to be watered.
    After the midterm, the biology class became more difficult.
    Inside those boxes, you will find my old textbooks.
  • Activity 4: Identify Prepositional Phrases
    The guests at the party appreciated the DJ.
    Without his friends, Rashid felt somewhat shy.
    The information from that Web site is not very reliable.
    The questions on the worksheet covered the last seven chapters.
    Two of Kristina’s best friends joined a sorority.
  • Journal Prompt
  • Brave New Worldby Aldous Huxley
    A satirical piece of fiction, not scientific prophecy
  • Satire:
    A piece of literature designed to ridicule the subject of the work.
    While satire can be funny, its aim is not to amuse, but to arouse contempt.
    Ridicule, irony, exaggeration, and several other techniques are almost always present.
  • Brave New World is an unsettling, loveless and even sinister place
  • “Reading Brave New World elicits the same disturbing feelings in the reader which the society it depicts has vanquished.”
    What does this mean?
  • Huxley exploits anxieties about Soviet Communism and American capitalism.
    The price of universal happiness will be the sacrifice of honored shibboleths of our culture: “motherhood,”“home,”“family,”“freedom,” even “love.”
  • Mustapha Mond, Resident Controller of Western Europe, governs a society where all aspects of an individual's life are determined by the state, beginning with conception and conveyor-belt reproduction.
    A government bureau, the Predestinators, decides all roles in the hierarchy.
    Children are raised and conditioned by the state bureaucracy, not brought up by natural families.
    • There are only 10,000 surnames.
    • Citizens must not fall in love, marry, or have their own kids.
  • Brave New World, then, is centered around control and manipulation
    • He instills the fear that a future world state may rob us of the right to be unhappy.
  • Time and place written: 1931, England
    Date of first publication: 1932
    Settings (place): England, Savage Reservation in New Mexico
  • Settings (time): 2540 AD; referred to in the novel as 632 years AF (“After Ford”), meaning 632 years after production of the first Model T car
    Narrator: Third-person omniscient
    Point of view: Narrated in the third person from the point of view of Bernard or John, but also from the point of view of Lenina, Helmholtz Watson, and Mustapha Mond
  • This novel is more applicable today than it was in 1932. This is a time of:
    propaganda, censorship, conformity, genetic engineering, social conditioning, and mindless entertainment.
    • This was what Huxley saw in our future. His book is a warning.
  • Essential Questions to connect the literature to today’s culture:
    Is it better to be free than to be happy?
    Is freedom compatible with happiness?
    Is the collective more important than the individual?
    Can children be taught effectively to think in only one certain way?
    Can young people be taught so well that they never question their teachings later?
    Is stability more important than freedom?
    Can alterations made by advanced science to mankind be made permanent at the DNA-level?
    Can mankind be conditioned by science?
    Should the individual be limited/controlled for the greater good? If so, how much?
  • “Universal happiness keeps the wheels steadily turning; truth and beauty can’t.”Aldous Huxley
  • Homework
    Reading Journal #1