Annotations What to Annotate in a Text Memorable statements or important points Key terms or concepts Central issues or themes Examples that support a main point Unfamiliar words Questions you have about a point or passage Your responses to a specific point or passage
Prepositional Phrases A prepositional phrase consists of a preposition and its object. The object is a noun or a pronoun, together with any words that describe or refer to the object.
Activity 3: Write Prepositional Phrases Isaac bought his computer __________________________. My humanities group meets _________________. Songs ____________ are very popular. The children ate the cookies that they found ______________. When the power failed, I was ________________. before the big sale after class about love on the counter in the attic
Activity 3: Write Prepositional Phrases Before the concert _________________, James practiced his guitar. _________________, the mechanic repaired the van. Zaini caught the bus ___________. The sparrows flew _____________________. Everyone walked home _______________. During the storm at the mall over the power lines after the recital
Prepositional Phrases A prepositional phrase cannot be the subject of a sentence. You can cross out prepositional phrases to help you figure out the subject of a sentence.
Prepositional Phrases The doctor from next door bandaged my knee. Circle prepositions. Line out the prepositional phrase. Now decide who or what is doing something or being something. The doctor is the subject because he is doing the bandaging.
Prepositional Phrases The girl in the doorway looks like my niece. Circle prepositions. Line out the prepositional phrase. Now decide who or what is doing something or being something. The girl is the subject because she is looking.
Prepositional Phrases The bell on the steeple of the church rang three times. Circle prepositions. Line out the prepositional phrase. Now decide who or what is doing something or being something. The bell is the subject because it is doing the ringing.
Prepositional Phrases One of my favorite comic strips in the Sunday paper is Peanuts. Without using the process, what do you think is the subject of this sentence? One Comic strips Sunday paper Peanuts
Prepositional Phrases One of my favorite comic strips in the Sunday paper is Peanuts. Circle prepositions. Line out the prepositional phrase. Now decide who or what is doing something or being something. One is the subject because it is being something.
Activity 4: Identify Prepositional Phrases The tenants down the hall are seldom home. Darryl bought a used car for three thousand dollars. The flowers in that yard need to be watered. After the midterm, the biology class became more difficult. Inside those boxes, you will find my old textbooks.
Activity 4: Identify Prepositional Phrases The guests at the party appreciated the DJ. Without his friends, Rashid felt somewhat shy. The information from that Web site is not very reliable. The questions on the worksheet covered the last seven chapters. Two of Kristina’s best friends joined a sorority.
Brave New Worldby Aldous Huxley A satirical piece of fiction, not scientific prophecy
Satire: A piece of literature designed to ridicule the subject of the work. While satire can be funny, its aim is not to amuse, but to arouse contempt. Ridicule, irony, exaggeration, and several other techniques are almost always present.
Brave New World is an unsettling, loveless and even sinister place
“Reading Brave New World elicits the same disturbing feelings in the reader which the society it depicts has vanquished.” What does this mean?
Huxley exploits anxieties about Soviet Communism and American capitalism. The price of universal happiness will be the sacrifice of honored shibboleths of our culture: “motherhood,”“home,”“family,”“freedom,” even “love.”
Mustapha Mond, Resident Controller of Western Europe, governs a society where all aspects of an individual's life are determined by the state, beginning with conception and conveyor-belt reproduction. A government bureau, the Predestinators, decides all roles in the hierarchy. Children are raised and conditioned by the state bureaucracy, not brought up by natural families.
There are only 10,000 surnames.
Citizens must not fall in love, marry, or have their own kids.
Brave New World, then, is centered around control and manipulation
He instills the fear that a future world state may rob us of the right to be unhappy.
Time and place written: 1931, England Date of first publication: 1932 Settings (place): England, Savage Reservation in New Mexico
Settings (time): 2540 AD; referred to in the novel as 632 years AF (“After Ford”), meaning 632 years after production of the first Model T car Narrator: Third-person omniscient Point of view: Narrated in the third person from the point of view of Bernard or John, but also from the point of view of Lenina, Helmholtz Watson, and Mustapha Mond
This novel is more applicable today than it was in 1932. This is a time of: propaganda, censorship, conformity, genetic engineering, social conditioning, and mindless entertainment.
This was what Huxley saw in our future. His book is a warning.
Essential Questions to connect the literature to today’s culture: Is it better to be free than to be happy? Is freedom compatible with happiness? Is the collective more important than the individual? Can children be taught effectively to think in only one certain way? Can young people be taught so well that they never question their teachings later? Is stability more important than freedom? Can alterations made by advanced science to mankind be made permanent at the DNA-level? Can mankind be conditioned by science? Should the individual be limited/controlled for the greater good? If so, how much?
“Universal happiness keeps the wheels steadily turning; truth and beauty can’t.”Aldous Huxley