Cerebral palsy

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Cerebral palsy

  1. 1. Cerebral Palsy Types, Causes, and Treatments Presented by: Melissa Estrada. Biology 033. Fall 2013 Image source: cerebralpalsy.org: http://cerebralpalsy.org/about-cerebral-palsy/types/
  2. 2. Defining the medical term  Image source: kidshealth.org: http://cerebralpalsy.org/about-cerebral-palsy/types/
  3. 3. Defining Cerebral Palsy a group of disorders that affect a person’s ability to move and maintain balance and posture CP is the most common motor disability in childhood 1 in 303 children in the U.S. have CP  All people with CP have problems with movement and posture Many also have related conditions such as intellectual disability, seizures, problems with vision, hearing, or speech, changes in the spine, or joint problems
  4. 4. A Closer Look at CP Image source: dreaswar.com: http://dreaswar.com/orthopaedic-surgery/paediatric-orthopaedics-treating-thedisorders-of-childrens-bones/cerebral-palsy/cerebral-palsy-in-children-a-faq/
  5. 5. A Closer Look at CP Image source: Cerebral Palsy League: http://www.cpl.org.au/research/cp/types-of-cerebral-palsy
  6. 6. Types of Cerebral Palsy  There are four main types of CP:  1.Spastic  2. Dyskinetic (athetoid, choreoathetoid, dystonic)  3. Ataxic  4. Mixed  Other form of categorizing  severity
  7. 7. Causes  Cerebral palsy is caused by an abnormality or disruption in brain development, usually before a child is born Image source: Birthinjury.org: http://birthinjury.org/brain-injury-cerebral-palsy-tour-of-brain.html
  8. 8. Causes  Congenital CP 85-90%  Risk Factors: • low birth weight • Premature birth • Multiple births • Assisted Reproductive Technology • Infections • Jaundice • Medical conditions of the mother • Birth complications Acquired CP  Occurs more than 28 days after birth  Causes: • Infection • Injury • Problem with blood flow to the brain
  9. 9. Treatments  There is no cure  Treatment goal is for individual to be as independent as possible  Team approach is needed  Primary care doctor  Dentist  Social worker  Teachers Occupational, physical, and speech therapists  other specialists  Treatment is based on the individual’s symptoms The following may help with learning and communication: Glasses  Hearing aids  Walking aids  Wheelchairs Medications may help with some symptoms Anticonvulsants Botulinum toxin 2  Muscle relaxants (Baclofen) 1 Image 1 source: http://www.ramsni.com/information_links/Cerebral%20Palsay/Cerebral%20Palsay%20info.html Image 2 source: http://www.hiwtc.com/products/cerebral-palsy-wheelchair-1044-1958.htm
  10. 10. Treatments
  11. 11. References Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Cerebral Palsy (CP). http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/cp/facts.html. Mayo Clinic. Cerebral Palsy. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cerebral-palsyDS00302DSECTION=causes My Child. Cerebral Palsy. http://cerebralpalsy.org/about-cerebral-palsy/ U.S. National Library of Medicine. Cerebral Palsy. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001734/

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