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African American soldiers in WWI part 2

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Part II... email me for macro enable version …

Part II... email me for macro enable version
(mengemi@milwaukee.k12.wi.us)

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  • 1. African-American Soldiers in World War I: PART 2 1
  • 2. 2
  • 3.  B.12.18 Explain the history of slavery, racial and ethnic discrimination, and efforts to eliminate discrimination in the United States and elsewhere in the world B.12.2 Analyze primary and secondary sources related to a historical question to evaluate their relevance, make comparisons, integrate new information with prior knowledge, and come to a reasoned conclusion B.12.15 Identify a historical or contemporary event in which a person was forced to take an ethical position, such as a decision to go to war, the impeachment of a president, or a presidential pardon, and explain the issues involved 3
  • 4.  1.Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources, connecting insights gained from specific details to an understanding of the text as a whole. 2. Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary that makes clear the relationships among the key details and idea. 7. Integrate and evaluate multiple sources of information presented in diverse formats and media (e.g., visually, quantitatively, as well as in words) in order to address a question or solve a problem) 4
  • 5.  What were race relations like during and after World War I? How did African Americans feel about joining the military? What was the role of African American Soldiers in World War I? Did African Americans bridge racial tensions through military service? 5
  • 6. Background Article:http://www.militaryhistoryonline.com/wwi/arti cles/fightingforrespect.aspx 6
  • 7. I did my bit for Democracy WWI Soldier’s Interview Andrew Johnson was an African- American veteran interviewed in 1938. In the excerpt below, from the Library ofhttp://armyhistoryjournal.com/wp- Congress American Life Histories, 1936-content/uploads/2011/05/shuffer- 1940, he describes some of hisgroup.jpg experiences serving in the military. http://memory.loc.gov/cgi- bin/query/r?ammem/wpa:@field(DOCID+@lit(wpa221 070510)) 7
  • 8.  http://www.worldwar1.com/sftdavis.htm 8
  • 9. During World War I many Sharing the African American black troops were eager to fight but most provided Cultural Heritage Abroad support services. Only a small percentage were actually involved in combat. Yet, the African American presence in France--helping in any capacity--often elicited overwhelming gratitude from the French. Both the French and the American troops enjoyed listening to African American bands who sometimes introduced blues and jazz rhythms previously unknown to their listeners. This is a 1919 photograph of the803rd Pioneer Infantry Band, No. 16" 803rd Pioneer Infantry Band803rd Pioneer Infantry to Battalion on the U.S.S. Philippines (troopship) from Brest, France, July 18, 1919. on board the U.S.S.Photograph.Gladstone Collection, Prints and Photographs Division. Philippines in Brest Harbor,Reproduction Number: LC-USZC4-6163 (7-5) France. 9
  • 10. Jazz Master James Reese Europe 10
  • 11. 11
  • 12. Sergeant Henry Johnsons Commendation 369th US Infantry World War Onehttp://dmna.state.ny.us/historic/reg hist/wwi/infantry/369thInf/369thI nfCommJohnson.htm 12
  • 13. Wikipedia Articlehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henr y_Lincoln_Johnson 13
  • 14. 14
  • 15. Emmett J. Scott worked for eighteen years as the private secretary to Booker T.Washington. He became a Special Assistant to Secretary of War Newton Baker during World War I in order to oversee the recruitment, training, and morale of the African American soldiers. Emmett J. Scott. Scotts Official History of the American Negro in the World War, 1919.http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=ody_gcmisc&fileName=ody/ody0702/ody0702page.db&recNum=0&itemLink=D?aaodyssey:5:./temp/~ammem_iqV6::@@@mdb=aap,aaeo,rbaapcbib,aasm,aaodyssey,bbpix,rbpebib,mfd,hurstonbib,gmd,mcc,ncpm,afcesnbib,mesnbib,llstbib,uncall,fpnas&linkText=0 15
  • 16. Harlem Hellfighters Video from the History Channel (45 minutes)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GGiKZMHXBFk&feature=related 16
  • 17. Jazz Master James Reese Europe African American regiments in World War I were usually accompanied by bands. The most famous was the band of the 369th Infantry, led by James Reese Europe, a prominent musician whose syncopated style animated the dancing of Vernon and Irene Castle, creating a craze for social dancing. These army bands became immensely popular in France, both among American troops and the French public, introducing many Europeans to jazz and ragtime rhythm and African American performance styles. Vaudeville star Noble Sissle, who belonged to Europes band in war and peace, prepared this biography of Europe, who was murdered soon after the war by a crazed band member. The Memoirs include much information about the racial climate in the U.S. and France.http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=musmisc&fileName=ody/ody0717/ody0717page.db&recNum=0&itemLink=/ammem/aaohtml/exhibit/aopart7.html@0717&linkText=9 17
  • 18. Further References 18