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Four Factors That Gave Rise to Popular Music• Rise of the USA, a new cultural power• Rise of Capitalism• Invention of the „‟record‟‟• Youth culture
1940s The 1940s were dominated by World War II. European artists and intellectuals fled to the United States from Hitler and the Holocaust, bringing new ideas created in disillusionment. War production pulled us out of the Great Depression. Women were needed to replace men who had gone off to war, and so the first great exodus of women from the home to the workplace began. Rationing affected the food we ate, the clothes we wore, the toys with which children played.After the war, the men returned, having seen the rest of the world. No longer was the family farm an ideal; no longer would blacks accept lesser status. The GI Bill allowed more men than ever before to get a college education.
PRE 1950s MUSIC• BEBOP• RnB• GOSPEL MUSIC• BLUES .• RAGTIME. Rhythmically broken melodies• JAZZ. Fusion of Blues and ragtime music
1950s When the 1950s are mentioned, the first type of music to come to most peoples minds is rock n roll. Developed from a blend of Southern blues and gospel music with an added strong back beat, this type of music was popular with teenagers who were trying to break out of the mainstream, conservative, American middle class mold. Music in the fifties was more than just rock n roll. Crooners like Nat King Cole, Frank Sinatra, Perry Como and Dinah Shore were all popular.
1950sCOUNTRY MUSIC. HONKY TONK styleevolved from Blues and White countrymusic.DOO- WOP. Church harmony singingtraditions joined Blues to form the smallgroup, close harmony style known as Doo-Wop performed by The Platters, TheCoasters and The Drifters.ROCK n ROLL. Elvis Presley successfullymade popular a new hybrid from the fusionof Rhythm n Blues and Country Music. Alan CROONING.Freed coined the term ‘Rock n Roll.’ to sing in an evenly modulated, slightly exaggerated manner
1960s The sixties were the age of youth, as 70 million children from the post-war baby boom became teenagers and young adults. The movement away from the conservative fifties continued and eventually resulted in revolutionary ways of thinking and real change in the cultural fabric of American life. No longer content to be images of the generation ahead of them, young people wanted change. The changes affected education, values, lifestyles, laws, and entertainment. Many of the revolutionary ideas which began in the sixties are continuing to evolve today.
1960sThe hippie movement, was born in the U.S. “protest song”, these songs included war messages and political protest,etc. The greatest exponent of this style was Bob Dylan. Rock expanded very rapidly across North America and later in Europe. In England the two mostimportant rock groups of this decade were The Beatles and The Rolling Stones.
1960sSOUL. RbB and the anguish of Gospel music merged togetherFOLK and PROTEST. Folk musicians Bob Dylan, Pete Seeger and Joan Baez, expressing political discontent.SKA/ BLUE BEAT. Jamaican music dance which combined with American jazz and R&B
1960’s TO MID 1970’s “1963-1974” period known as counter culture movement as Rock built anti war movement against threat of atomic bomb. Around 1965, British Beat and British Blues merged to form Rock - the basis of popular music to the present day Pink Floyd Psychedelic Rock: - Focused drug sub culture and hallucinogenic experiences. - Introduced long instrumentals. Pop Rock: Blend of Pop music with Rock. Folk Rock: Blend of Folk music with Rock. Innovative composers were already experimenting with electro- acoustic music By the end of the decade, popular music was also using synthesizers and other electronic devices.
1970s The chaotic events of the 60s, including war and social change, seemed destined to continue in the 70s. Major trends included a growing disillusionment of government, advances in civil rights, increased influence of the womens movement, a heightened concern for the environment, and increased space exploration.Many of the "radical" ideas of the 60s gained wider acceptance in the new decade, and were mainstreamed into American life and culture. Amid war, social realignment and presidential impeachment proceedings, American culture flourished.
1970sBy the 1970s, the term "rock & roll" had become nearly meaningless. This decade saw the breakup of the Beatles and the death of Elvis Presley, robbing rock of two major influences. The visual aspect is as important as the sound. During the decade, rock diversified into a multitude of styles. Pop music splintered into a multitude of styles: soft rock, hard rock, country rock, folk rock, punk rock,shock rock -- and the dance craze of the decade, disco! But whatever sub- genre(s) you preferred, rock music was big business..
1970sFUNK. R & B, Soul and Jazz style Jazz and Rock joined together to create the powerful body music of Funk from Earth, Wind and Fire and Kool and the Gang.REGGAE. the anarchic sound of Ska became the heavier thud of Reggae, reflecting Rastafarian beliefs and supported poor and underprivilegedDISCO the rhythms of Funk were simplified by K.C. and the Sunshine Band and Donna Summer for the dance floor beegees short for discothequePUNK. Often loud and angry, vocal accompanied only by drums and guitar
Led Zeppelin1970’s ROCKHard Rock: - Aggressive loud vocal. - Distorted guitar riffs. - 4/4 Drum beats.Heavy Metal: - Thick massive sound. Judas Priest - Highly amplified distortion . - Extended guitar solos. - Emphatic beat and overall loudness. Prominent Bands of this era: - Black Sabbath, AC/DC, The Rolling Stones, Led Zeppelin, Deep Purple, Alice Cooper, Judas Priest, Aero Smith and many others. Eddie Van Halen
1980s GOLDEN AGE The 1980s are commonly associated with the usage of synthesizers, thus, synthpop music and other electronic genres featuring non- traditional instruments exploded in popularity.Throughout the decade, R&B, hip hop and urban music in general were becoming commonplace, particularly in the inner-city areas of large, metropolitan cities; rap was especially successful in the latter part of the decade, with the advent of the golden age of hip hop.These urban genres, rap and hip hop particularly, would continue their rise in popularity through the 1990s and 2000s.
New wave. based on eletro synthsizers.Many of the songs are based on love or painTechno. use of various synthesizers, computer programs and other equipment give the musical masterpeice so much character and usually has no lyricsRap. music in which a person swiftly rhymes poetry, over a beatPop. Very eclectic, often borrowing elements from other styles but generally short-to-medium length songs, often make usage of repeated choruses, have a melodic sound, and have catchy hooks
Megadeth 1980’s ROCK• New Wave of British Heavy Metal• More extreme forms of rock, such as Thrash Metal became popular.Heavy Metal Outlook: - Long Hair - Denim Jacket - Leather Slayer - Chains and spikes Dave MustaineAlternative Rock: Iron Maiden - Name was coined in late 80’s. - Did not fit in the general pattern. Prominent Bands: - Iron Maiden, Def Leppard, Motor Head, Diamond Head, Megadeth, Metallica, Sepultura, Slayer and many others.
1990sThis decade was filled with a variety of pop, rap, and alternative music artists as well as a plethora of one- hit wonders. It was a time when musical tastes was as varied as the events that were happening at that time. Many of the most popular acts that emerged in the 1990s were bands and artists who enjoyed a type of resurgence in the mainstream music scene after their popularity had dwindled for a decade or so.
1990sGrunge. Heavily distorted electric guitars, contrasting song dynamics, and apathetic or angst-filled lyricsCountry. simple and easily memorable, featuring three chords and a verse-chorus-verse structure taking the form of a narrativeLatinoRnB
200sThe beginning of the decade had a peak and decline of boy bands and girl groups. There was a notable return to raw garage rock n roll .Hip hop dominated for the most pat of the first half of the decade.