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Sec1.fa10 bites and stings

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Sec1.fa10   bites and stings Sec1.fa10 bites and stings Presentation Transcript

  • BITES AND STINGS
  • BITES AND STINGS
    • Bites and stings are potentially dangerous because:
    • The venom injected is poisonous.
    • Casualty is allergic to some insects.
  • BITES AND STINGS
    • First Aid Priorities:
    • Make sure you are safe.
    • Remove casualty from danger.
    • Treat wound and minimise infection.
    • Seek medical attention if necessary.
    • Note the time and nature of the injury.
    • Identify the attacking creature if possible.
  • ANIMAL BITES
    • Bites from sharp, pointed teeth cause:
    • Deep puncture wounds that can carry germs far into the tissues.
    • Infection.
    • Needs prompt first aid and medical attention.
  • ANIMAL BITES
    • Treatment for Serious Wounds:
    • Control bleeding.
    • Apply direct pressure.
    • Raise the injured part.
  • ANIMAL BITES
    • Treatment for Serious Wounds:
    • Wash the wound thoroughly with warm water.
    • Cover wound with sterile dressing.
    • Bandage to hold dressing firmly.
    • Send casualty to hospital.
  • ANIMAL BITES
    • Treatment for Superficial Wounds:
    • Pat the wound dry with clean gauze swabs and cover with an adhesive dressing or a small sterile dressing..
    • Advise the casualty to see a doctor in case inoculation is needed.
  • SNAKE BITES
    • Recognition:
    • A pair of puncture marks.
    • Breathing difficulties.
    • Nausea and/or vomiting.
    • Severe pain at the site of the bite
    • Redness and swelling around the bite.
    • Blurred or double vision.
    • Increased salivation and sweating.
  • SNAKE BITES
    • Treatment:
    • DO NOT cut or suck the wound.
    • Lay the casualty down.
    • Tell her to keep calm and still.
    • Keep heart above wounded part.
    • Wash the wound and pat dry with clean swabs.
    • Lightly compress above the wound with a roller bandage.
    • Immobilise the injury.
    • Call for an Ambulance.
  • INSECT STINGS
    • Recognition:
    • Pain.
    • Mild swelling.
    • Soreness.
    • Some people are allergic to stings and rapidly develop anaphylactic shock.
    • Multiple stings can also be dangerous.
    • Stings in the mouth or throat are serious, swelling can obstruct the airway.
  • INSECT STINGS
    • Treatment (Sting in the skin):
    • If the sting is still in the wound, pluck it out firmly with fine tweezers.
    • Apply a cold compress to relieve pain and minimise swelling.
    • Advise the casualty to see doctor if the pain and swelling persist.
  • INSECT STINGS
    • Treatment (Sting in the mouth):
    • Give the casualty ice to suck or cold water to sip, to minimise the swelling.
    • Reassure the casualty.
    • Call for an Ambulance.