Heart and circulatory problems


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Transcript of "Heart and circulatory problems"

  1. 1. Heart and Circulatory Problems Shock Internal Bleeding Anaphylactic Shock Angina Pectoris Heart Attack Fainting
  2. 2. Shock • Casualty may appear to be confused, weak and dizzy and may eventually deteriorate into unconsciousness. • Pale cold and clammy skin • Fast, weak pulse • Fast Shallow breathing • Dizziness and weakness • Confusion • Unconsciousness
  3. 3. Shock • Warmth • Air • Rest • Mental rest • Treatment • Help
  4. 4. Types of shock • Hypovolemic /established shock – too much loss of blood • Anaphylactic shock- foreign substance injected into bloodstream (venom) • Neurogenic shock – damage to the nervous system that sends impulses to muscles • Septic shock – bacterial infection causes a potentially lethal drop in blood pressure
  5. 5. Internal Bleeding • Internal bleeding can happen in any part of the body • Stomach, liver and spleen and intestines are particularly vulnerable because they are rich in blood supply. • Signs and symptoms of shock • Bruising • Swelling • Bleeding from body orifices
  6. 6. Internal Bleeding • Treat for shock • Keep the casualty warm • Treat any external bleeding or bleeding from orifices • Seek for help
  7. 7. Anaphylactic shock • Can be caused by anything. • Most common triggers are: • Nuts • Seafood • Insect stings and bites • Drugs • Difficulty breathing • Pale skin and blue lips • Blotches on skin • Rapid pulse • Breathing and heartbeat stopping
  8. 8. Anaphylactic shock • Call an ambulance immediately • Help to administer adrenaline injection if casualty is a known sufferer. • Reassure • If becomes unconscious, place in recovery position. • Prepare for CPR if necessary.
  9. 9. Angina Pectoris • An angina attack is a frightening, severe, crushing chest pain that acts as a warning to the casualty to calm down or rest • Evidence of recent exertion • Gripping chest pain • Pain spreading to the jaw or down the left arm • Shortness of breath • Pale skin with possible blue tinges • Rapid, weak pulse
  10. 10. Angina Pectoris • Sit the casualty down and reassure her • GTN (glycerol trinitrate) • Call the ambulance
  11. 11. Heart Attack • Signs and symptoms generally the same as Angina. • May suffer a heart attack from an attack of angina.
  12. 12. Heart Attack • Move the casualty into a semi-sitting position. • Reassure the casualty • Help casualty to administer aspirin (let the casualty consume it himself) • Call for ambulance as soon as possible.
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