By: Selegna Homecillo
Foreign relations of the Philippines
Foreign relations of the Philippines are administered by
the President of the Philippines and the Department of
Foreign Affairs. Philippine international affairs are influenced
by ties to Southeast Asian neighbors, United States, and
the Middle East.
The Philippines is a founding member of the United Nations;
an elected member of the Security Council and participant in
the FAO, International Labor
Organization , UNESCO and World Health Organization.
Like most nations, the Philippines is a signatory of Interpol.
The Philippines is a member of the Association of Southeast
Asian Nations, East Asia Summit, and the Latin Union. It was
formerly a member of the now-defunct SEATO. Declaring
itself as independent of any major power block of nations,
the Philippines is a member of the Non-Aligned Movement.
The United Nations (UN; French: Organisation des Nations
Unies, ONU) is an international organization whose stated
aims include promoting and facilitating cooperation
in international law, international security, economic
development, social progress, human rights, civil rights, civil
liberties, political freedoms, democracy, and the
achievement of lasting world peace. The UN was founded in
1945 after World War II to replace the League of Nations, to
stop wars between countries, and to provide a platform for
dialogue. It contains multiple subsidiary organizations to
carry out its missions.
FAO/The Food and Agriculture
Organization of the UN
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United
Nations (FAO) (French: Organisation des Nations unies pour
l’alimentation et l’agriculture, Italian: Organizzazione delle
Nazioni Unite per l'Alimentazione e l'Agricoltura) is a specialized
agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to
defeat hunger. Serving both developed and developing countries,
FAO acts as a neutral forum where all nations meet as equals to
negotiate agreements and debate policy. FAO is also a source of
knowledge and information, and helps developing countries and
countries in transition modernize and
improve agriculture, forestry and fisheries practices, ensuring
good nutrition and food security for all.
International Labour Organization
The International Labor Organization (ILO) is a United
Nations agency dealing with labor issues,
particularly international labor standards and decent
work for all.185 of the 193 UN member states are members
of the ILO.
In 1969, the organization received the Nobel Peace Prize for
improving peace among classes, pursuing justice for workers,
and providing technical assistance to developing nations.
The ILO registers complaints against entities that are
violating international rules; however, it does not impose
sanctions on governments.
UNESCO/The United Nations Educational,
Scientific and Cultural Organization
Its purpose is to contribute to peace and security by
promoting international collaboration through education,
science, and culture in order to further universal respect for
justice, the rule of law, and human rights along with
fundamental freedom proclaimed in the UN Charter. It is the
heir of the League of Nations' International Commission on
World Heath Organization
The WHOis the directing and coordinating authority for
health within the United Nations system. It is responsible for
providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the
health research agenda, setting norms and standards,
articulating evidence-based policy options, providing
technical support to countries, and monitoring and assessing
is a geo-political and economic organization of ten countries
located in Southeast Asia, which was formed on 8 August
1967 by Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and
Thailand.Since then, membership has expanded to
include Brunei, Burma (Myanmar), Cambodia, Laos,
and Vietnam. Its aims include accelerating economic
growth, social progress, cultural development among its
members, protection of regional peace and stability, and
opportunities for member countries to discuss differences
Interpol/International Criminal Police
widely known as INTERPOL,is an intergovernmental
organization facilitating international police cooperation. It
was established as the International Criminal Police
Commission (ICPC) in 1923 and adopted its telegraphic
address as its common name in 1956.
Note: We are signatory in it, meaning we are bound by sign
is an international organization of nations that use Romance
languages, with the aim of protecting, projecting, and
promoting the common cultural heritage of Latin
peoples and unifying identities of the Latin, and Latin-
influenced, world. It was created in 1954 in Madrid, Spain,
and has existed as a functional institution since 1983. Its
membership has risen from 12 to 36 states, including
countries in North America, South America, Europe, Africa,
and the Asia-Pacific region.
was an international organization for collective
defense in Southeast Asia created by the Southeast Asia Collective
Defense Treaty, or Manila Pact, signed in September 1954
in Manila, Philippines. The formal institution of SEATO was
established on 19 February 1955 at a meeting of treaty partners
in Bangkok, Thailand. The organization's headquarters were also
in Bangkok. Eight members joined the organization.
Primarily created to block further communist gains in Southeast
Asia, SEATO is generally considered a failure because internal
conflict and dispute hindered general use of the SEATO military;
however, SEATO-funded cultural and educational programs left
long-standing effects in Southeast Asia. SEATO was dissolved on
30 June 1977 after many members lost interest and withdrew.
The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is a group of states
which are not formally aligned with or against any major power
bloc. As of 2012, the movement has 120 members and
17 observer countries.
Note: Power block means power as influenced.
The organization was founded in Belgrade in 1961
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
Asian Development Bank,
World Trade Organization (WTO).
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) is a forum for
21 Pacific Rim countries (formally Member Economies) that
seeks to promote free trade and economic cooperation
throughout the Asia-Pacific region. It was established in 1989
in response to the growing interdependence of Asia-Pacific
economies and the advent of regional trade blocs in other
parts of the world; to fears that highly industrialized Japan (a
member of G8) would come to dominate economic activity
in the Asia-Pacific region; and to establish new markets for
agricultural products and raw materials beyond Europe
(where demand had been declining).
Asian Development Bank
is a regional development bank established on 22 August 1966 to
facilitate economic development of countries in Asia. The bank
admits the members of the United Nations Economic and Social
Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP, formerly known
as the United Nations Economic Commission for Asia and the Far
East) and non-regional developed countries. From 31 members at
its establishment, ADB now has 67 members - of which 48 are
from within Asia and the Pacific and 19 outside. ADB was
modeled closely on the World Bank, and has a similar weighted
voting system where votes are distributed in proportion with
member's capital subscriptions.
By the end of 2012, both the United States and Japan hold the two
largest proportions of shares each at 12.78%. China holds
5.45%, India holds 5.36%.
is a regional organization that embodies the concept of
collective inter-governmental effort to strengthen economic
and social development of member countries in the Asia-
Pacific region. The primary focus of all Colombo Plan
activities is on human resources development.
The World Bank is an international financial institution that
provides loans to developing countries for capital programs.
The World Bank's official goal is the reduction of poverty.
According to its Articles of Agreement (as amended effective
16 February 1989), all its decisions must be guided by a
commitment to the promotion of foreign
investment and international trade and to the facilitation
of capital investment.
World Trade Organization
is an organization that intends to supervise
and liberalize international trade. The organization officially
commenced on 1 January 1995 under the Marrakech Agreement,
replacing the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT),
which commenced in 1948.The organization deals with regulation
of trade between participating countries; it provides a framework
for negotiating and formalizing trade agreements, and a dispute
resolution process aimed at enforcing participants' adherence to
WTO agreements, which are signed by representatives of
member governments:fol.9–10 and ratified by their
parliaments. Most of the issues that the WTO focuses on derive
from previous trade negotiations, especially from the Uruguay