Definition:• A drama is a written story enacted onstage for a live audience.• A written work intended for performance by actors on a stage.
Origin of Drama• The word drama derives from the Greek verb dran, which means “to do.”• The earliest known plays... were written around the fifth century B.C. produced for festivals to honor Dionysus, the god of wine and fertility
Types of stagesThrust Stage• The stage extends into the viewing area.• The audience surrounds the stage on three sides.
Types of Stages“In the round” Stage• Is surrounded by an audience on all sides
Types of StagesProscenium stage• The playing area extends behind and opening called a “Proscenium arch.”• The audience sits on one side looking into the action.
Purpose of Drama• To present in front of an audience.• To entertain.• To present a visual and aural experience for the audience.
Types of DramaTragedy• involves the ruin of the leading character.• Unhappy play has a sad ending.• Tragic Hero.
Types of Drama Comedy- • Is a play that ends happily. The plot usually centers on a romantic conflict.Boy meets girl Boy loses girl Boy wins girl
Types of DramaProblem Play• Drama of social criticism discusses social, economic, or political problems by means of a play.
Types of DramaMusical-• the story is told not only through dialogue and acting but through music and dance. Musicals are often comedic, although many do involve serious subject matter.
Theater• A building, room, or outdoor structure for the presentation of plays, films, or other dramatic performances.
Dramatic Structure• Conflict- Is a struggle or clash between opposing characters or forces.Man vs. ManMan vs. SocietyMan vs. NatureMan vs. Self
Character’s Speech• The character’s speech may take any of the following forms:Diologue: Conversation of characters on stage.Monologue: Long speech given by one character toothers.Solilquy: Speech by a character alone onstage to himselfor herself or to the audience.Asides: Remarks made by the audience or to onecharacter; the other characters onstage do not hear anaside
Performance of a PlayWhen you read a play, remember that it is meant to be performed for an audience.Stage Directions PerformancePlaywrite describes setting and •Theater artists bringcharacters’ action and manner the playwrite’s vision to life on the stage.[Wyona is sitting on the couch. •The audience respondsShe sees Paul and jumps to her to the play and sharesfeet.] the experienceWyona. [Angrily.] What do youwant?
Riddle of the dayWhat comes down but never goes up? RAIN
With out Stage DirectionJOHN: Hey whats up!SAMANTHA: I feel terrible.
With Stage Direction Samantha is sitting by herself in the cafeteria. John comes in from the leftJOHN: Hey whats up! (John sits across the table from Samantha)SAMANTHA: (Exhausted) I feel terrible.
How to read Drama Script• a written version of a play or other dramatic composition; used in preparing for a performance• See examples
Acts & Scenes• An act is a division of a drama.• The number of acts in a production can range from one to five or more• A scene is a part of an act defined with the changing of characters.
Practice• Choose one of the stories discussed in class. Write a scene from one of the story to a script.• Draw a picture of how you would want the stage to look like.