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Ch 6 industrialization 2013
Ch 6 industrialization 2013
Ch 6 industrialization 2013
Ch 6 industrialization 2013
Ch 6 industrialization 2013
Ch 6 industrialization 2013
Ch 6 industrialization 2013
Ch 6 industrialization 2013
Ch 6 industrialization 2013
Ch 6 industrialization 2013
Ch 6 industrialization 2013
Ch 6 industrialization 2013
Ch 6 industrialization 2013
Ch 6 industrialization 2013
Ch 6 industrialization 2013
Ch 6 industrialization 2013
Ch 6 industrialization 2013
Ch 6 industrialization 2013
Ch 6 industrialization 2013
Ch 6 industrialization 2013
Ch 6 industrialization 2013
Ch 6 industrialization 2013
Ch 6 industrialization 2013
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Ch 6 industrialization 2013

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  • Mass production, rise of big business
  • Transcript

    • 1. Chapter 6 A New Industrial Age 1877-1900
    • 2. I. Expansion of Industry A.Natural Resources Oil, Iron, Coal
    • 3. B. Inventions Henry Bessemer & William Kelly (1850) – purified iron = Bessemer Process - STEEL * Brooklyn Bridge * Skyscraper, Chicago – William Jenney * Railroads
    • 4. 1883 1,595 feet 135 feet 1885
    • 5. COMMUNICATION Christopher Sholes (1867) - typewriter Alexander Graham Bell (1876) - telephone
    • 6. Thomas Edison – 1,093 patents Lewis Latimer – “Edison Pioneers” Fine carbon wire in lightbulb Granville T. Woods “Black Edison” Engineer
    • 7. 1877, phonograph Motion pictures, 1891 Lightbulb, 1879
    • 8. II. Age of Railroads
    • 9. Major settlement for the west – 1869 transcontinental = east & west coast A. Growth
    • 10. B. Goals  New towns & communities  New markets  Economic opportunities  Link trade and interdependence
    • 11. III. Big BusinessIII. Big Business Andrew Carnegie – Steel BillionaireAndrew Carnegie – Steel Billionaire
    • 12. A. Monopolistic Business PracticesA. Monopolistic Business Practices Vertical IntegrationVertical Integration -- bought outbought out all theall the suppliessupplies to controlto control raw materialsraw materials Horizontal IntegrationHorizontal Integration bought outbought out allall companiescompanies thatthat made same productmade same product
    • 13. John D. Rockefeller - BillionaireJohn D. Rockefeller - Billionaire Standard Oil Company of Ohio – Trust 1870 2% by 1880 90% Out manipulated his competition
    • 14. B.B. Social DarwinismSocial Darwinism Justified laissez-faire “Hands off,Justified laissez-faire “Hands off, allowed to do” business practiceallowed to do” business practice ““SurvivalSurvival of the fittest in the businessof the fittest in the business world”world” Paid low wages, dangerous conditions,Paid low wages, dangerous conditions, Long hoursLong hours
    • 15. IV. Labor Unions Created for Better Pay Shorter Hours Safer Conditions
    • 16. MaryMary Harris “Mother” Jones - coal & children –Harris “Mother” Jones - coal & children – 80 million children march, 190380 million children march, 1903
    • 17. A. Organizations – Select 3 o NLU – (1866) National Labor Union o CNLU – (1869) Colored National Labor o KOL – (1869) – Knights of Labor –– accepted everyone o AFL – American Federation of Labor o ARU – American Railway Union o IWW – Industrial Workers of the World o UMW – United Mine Workers

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