By
Aldous Huxley
Background
 Published in 1956.
 Title adopted from Blake’s book “The
Marriage of Heaven and Hell”.
 A philosophical ess...
Maybe this world is
another planet's Hell.
Ideas for Our Time (1979) p. 239
To talk about religion
except in terms of hu...
Aphorism
 Aphorism - a brief, pithy, usually concise
statement or observation of a doctrine,
principle, truth, or sentime...
General Characteristics of
Aphoristic Statement
 Aphorism indicates debate.
 It makes a profound statement.
 It is univ...
W.H. Auden
 "The aphorist does not argue or explain,
he asserts; and implicit in his assertion is a
conviction that he is...
Marie Freifrau
An aphorism is the last link in a
long chain of thought.
Marie Freifrau von Ebner-Eschenbach (1830-1916), ...
W.H. Auden and Louis Kronenberger
 “it must be universally true.”
1. “Familiarity breads indifference.”
2. “There is heav...
John Gross in “The Oxford
Book of Aphorisms”
GeneralizationBrevity idiosyncrasy
Unconnect-
edness
short
figurative
truecommon
plain
Aphorism
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Heaven and hell

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Heaven and hell

  1. 1. By Aldous Huxley
  2. 2. Background  Published in 1956.  Title adopted from Blake’s book “The Marriage of Heaven and Hell”.  A philosophical essay based on a drug experiment on himself.  Aldous Huxley detailing his experiences when taking mescaline. “The Doors of Perception” takes the form of Huxley’s recollection of a mescaline.  A highly aphoristic work.
  3. 3. Maybe this world is another planet's Hell. Ideas for Our Time (1979) p. 239 To talk about religion except in terms of human psychology is an irrelevance. “One and Many,” p. 3
  4. 4. Aphorism  Aphorism - a brief, pithy, usually concise statement or observation of a doctrine, principle, truth, or sentiment. Aphorisms are usually not anonymous.  The word comes from the Greek aphorize in, which means “to mark off by boundaries” and was formed by combining apo, meaning “from,” and horos, meaning “a limit.” The term was first used by Hippocrates.
  5. 5. General Characteristics of Aphoristic Statement  Aphorism indicates debate.  It makes a profound statement.  It is universally true.  States a complex philosophical idea.  Ease of recall increases impact.
  6. 6. W.H. Auden  "The aphorist does not argue or explain, he asserts; and implicit in his assertion is a conviction that he is wiser or more intelligent than his readers." (W.H. Auden, quoted by Arthur Krystal in Except When I Write: Reflections of a Recovering Critic, Oxford Univ. Press, 2011) 1. “Something analogous happens to the myopic artist and the happy lover.” 2. “Bright pure colours are of the essence, not of beauty in general, but only of a special kind of beauty, visionary experience.”
  7. 7. Marie Freifrau An aphorism is the last link in a long chain of thought. Marie Freifrau von Ebner-Eschenbach (1830-1916), Austrian writer. Aphorisms (1890), p. 19 1. “Bright pure colours are characteristics of the Other World.” 2. “Precious stones are precious because they bear a faint resemble to the glowing marvel seen with the inner eye of the visionary.”
  8. 8. W.H. Auden and Louis Kronenberger  “it must be universally true.” 1. “Familiarity breads indifference.” 2. “There is heaven as well as hell”
  9. 9. John Gross in “The Oxford Book of Aphorisms” GeneralizationBrevity idiosyncrasy Unconnect- edness
  10. 10. short figurative truecommon plain Aphorism
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