Education in Bulgaria is compulsory untilthe age of 16. The school year consists of twoterms. It starts on September 15th and ends inMay or June/depending on students’ age/. Theeducation system consists of the followinglevels:1. Pre-school education;2. Primary education;3. Secondary education;4. Higher education.
Age levelType ofschoolprovidingthiseducationCertificate/diplomaawardedPre-schooleducationFrom 3 to 7Nurseryschools,kindergartensPrimary schooleducationFrom 7 to 14Primaryschools-privateor stateGrade 8thLeavingCertificateSecondaryschooleducationFrom 14 to 19Secondaryschools-stateor privateDiploma ofCompletedSecondaryStages in Bulgarian education
Pre-school educationPre-school education isfor children aged between3 to 6/7.The attendance ofkindergarten is optional.Kindergartens areusually state, there arealso private kindergartensand their number isgrowing, especially in thecapital.
Primary educationPrimary education(classes 1 to 8) coversprimary and secondaryschools. Basic education canbe obtained at state,municipal or private schools.Certificate of primaryeducation shall be issued tostudents who havesuccessfully completed 4thgrade.Students, successfullycompleted grade 8, receive acertificate of completedprimary education.
Secondary EducationGeneral secondary education (high school level) isoffered by:1. General Secondary schools /all general subjects are taught/.2. Special schools with intensive foreign language teaching (languageschools) . Admission is made after the 7th grade, and after takingentrance exams in Bulgarian language and Literature and Maths.3. Specialized vocational schools - admission is made after 8th grade -these schools include an enhanced learning in Science, Maths,Humanities, Sports, Arts, Clothes Design, Music, etc.Secondary education can also be obtained at technicalschools, after the completion of grade 8, and 4-year course.Educational training programs in technical vocational schoolsare available and the duration of the course is 2 years. Acquiredprofessional qualification facilitates graduates in their access toprofessional market.
There are 41 High Schools in my country.Among the most popular are: Sofia University- Alma Mater; Plovdiv University; The American University in South-west of BG.Among the most preferable specialties are: International Tourism; Laws; Medicine; Computer Systems and Technologies; Management and Economics.The academic year starts around Oct.1st and lasts 30 educationalweeks. It includes spring and autumn semesters.Some 20 years ago, during the Socialist regime, High Educationin BG used to be free. The approximate tax nowadays for anacademic year varies around 400-500 Euros.
Grading in my countryTeachers mark us using the six- level grading systemExcellent 6Very Good 5Good 4Satisfactory 3Poor 2
School HolidaysWe don’t go to school on:We also have an autumn, winter,spring and the long summer holiday.24th May is the day of the Slavic alphabet andculture. Had the two Solun brothers not written theGlagolhic alphabet, and then the Cyrillic, fewnations, including Bulgaria, wouldn’t have beenusing it.
On graduating 12th grade we pass 2obligatory mature exams – one in Bulgarianlanguage and literature, the other is selectedamong subjects learned at school.High –flyers take international exams ,such as CAE, TOEFL, IELTS to continueeducation in some European or AmericanUniversities.The less ambitious make a family or finda job- not so bad, imagine you earn onethousand a month!