Electronic Payment System is a system which
helps the customer or user to make online
payment for their shopping.
To transfer money over the internet
Methods of traditional payment :
check, credit card or cash
Methods of electronic payment :
Electronic cash, software wallets, smart cards,
debit and credit cards.
Online Bill payment
Online Order Placing (snapdeal.com)
Online Ticket Booking (irctc.co.in)
A system that allows a person to pay for goods
or services by transmitting a number from one
computer to another.
Like the real numbers on real currency
notes, the e-cash numbers are unique.
This is issued by a bank and represents a
specified sum of real money.
It is anonymous and reusable.
The E-Wallet is another payment scheme that
operates like a carrier of e-cash and other
The aim is to give shoppers a simple, single
and a secure way of carrying currency
Trust is the basis of the e-wallet as a form of
A smart card is any pocket sized card with
embedded integrated circuits which can
This implies that it can receive input which is
processed and delivered as an output.
Online banking (or Internet banking or E-
banking) allows customers of a financial
institution to conduct financial transactions
on a secure website operated by the
institution, which can be a
retail or virtual bank, credit union or building
Now a days almost every bank provide this
facilities. Ex. SBI, ICICI, HDFC
Credit card provides a card holder credit to
make purchase up to amount fixed by a card
It is a plastic card with a Magnetic Number
and code on it
Customer has to repay the spent amount
Customer uses a stolen card or account
number to fraudulently purchase goods or
Family members use bankcard to
order goods/ services online, but have
not been authorized to do so.
Customer falsely claims that he or she did
not receive a shipment
Hackers find the ways into an e-
commerce merchant’s payment processing
system and then issue credits to hacker card
Is simply a vehicle for interactive
Enables one set of people to see and hear people
in a different location.
In its most basic form is the transmission of
image (video) and speech (audio) back and forth
between two or more physically separate
Also known as “Video teleconference”.
Very straightforward approach.
Calls can be made locally, nationally or across
TV or Monitor
Chatting with friend
Transmission of medical images
Diagnosing & consulting
Videoconferencing in my hand
Cultural Exchange Programs
We can encourage the foreigners by giving them
a first hand experience with the help of video
Glimpse of the Beauty of our country
We can have more impacts on the tourists if they
can have a glimpse of the beauty with their our
eyes and for that video conferencing can be your
mate for sure.
Video tours and excursions
Excursions and adventure trips with the help of
guided video tours is always an added advantage.
Presenting the Best Packages
Offers and packages can be showcased to the
interested countries with the help of
teleconferences and seminars, where different
hotels can participate to promote their
Encouraging the locals to be paid host for the
Many hotels have started with the concept of
homemade food prepared by the locals.
Interested people can be trained to be good host
for the foreign guest via video conferencing.
This will encourage foreign tourist to have a feel
of the local surroundings.
This will also create employment opportunities
for the locals.
Initial cost of the equipment is high.
Ghost/Blurred images seen when rapid
Audio echo effect seen when system is not
Virtual reality is a computer generated world with
which the user can interact
Interaction can vary from looking around to
interactively modifying the world.
1950’s visionary cinematographer
Morton H Eilig built a single user console
called Sensorama . This enabled the user watch
television in three dimensional ways.
In 1961, Philco Corporation engineers
developed the first HMD known as
It was in 1965 IVAN SUTHERLAND envisioned
what he called the “Ultimate Display.”
In 1988, commercial development of VR began.
In 1991, first commercial entertainment VR
system "Virtuality" was released.
E-Commerce And Business:
Virtual reality is being used in a number of ways
by the business community which include:
Virtual tours of a business environment.
Training of new employees.
A 360 view of a product.
Virtual reality environments have been used for
Examples include flight simulators, battlefield
simulators for soldiers, paratrooping.
Engineering and Design
VR is widely used in engineering and designing
It gives better understanding of the design and
facilitates changes wherever necessary
It helps to reduce the time and cost factor.
Examples: Building construction, car designing
Healthcare is one of the biggest adopters
of virtual reality which encompasses surgery
simulation, phobia treatment, robotic surgery
and skills training.
VR finds its application
nursing, dentistry, autism, health issues and for
The entertainment industry is one of the most
enthusiastic advocates of virtual reality, most
noticeably in games and virtual worlds.
Virtual Museum, e.g. interactive exhibitions
Film and theaters
Virtual theme parks
Virtual Reality can be used to recreate historic
sites and events for purposes such as
education, special project commissions and
showcase features at national and World Heritage
VR technologies are also being used to provide a
means of protecting the fragile state of some
heritage sites, helping to educate visitors not so
much about their history but in how to
explore, interpret and respect them,
1999- 10% of the world's computing power
2029- 99% of the world’s computing capacity
will be non-human.
And it is estimated that by 2037 we will be
having a computer powerful enough to run
immersive VR programs.
Couch surfing International Inc. is a
Delaware C corporation based in San
Francisco that offers its users hospitality
exchange and social networking services.
The website provides a platform for
members to "surf" on couches by staying as a
guest at a host's home, host travellers, or
join an event.
As of January 2012, the website had 3.6 million
members. In March 2013, the website had 6
million members in 100,000 cities worldwide.
A gateway to intercultural communication
Couch surfers share their lives with the people
they encounter, fostering cultural exchange and
Travel the World
With Couch surfing, you can stay with locals in every country on
earth. Travel like a local, stay in someone’s home and experience
the world in a way money can’t buy.
Rediscover Your City
There’s a community of Couch surfers near you. Many cities
have weekly language exchanges, dance classes, hikes and dinners.
Make new friends.
Become a Host
Give back and open your home to travellers. Learn about a new
culture first-hand or practice a language. Make the world a little
smaller; a little friendlier.
Vouching and reference system
Monitored private messages
A blog is a personal diary.
A daily pulpit. A collaborative space. A
political soapbox. A breaking-news outlet. A
collection of links. Your own private
thoughts. Memos to the world.
Your blog is whatever you want it to be.
There are millions of them, in all shapes and
sizes, and there are no real rules.
In simple terms, a blog is a Social networking
website, where you write stuff on an ongoing
basis. New stuff shows up at the top, so your
visitors can read what's new.
Then they comment on it or link to it or
email you. Or not.
Since Blogger was launched in 1999, blogs
have reshaped the web, impacted
politics, shaken up journalism, and enabled
millions of people to have a voice and
connect with others.
It’s a blog related to travel and tourism only.
Where tourist share their travel experiences.
Potential tourist gets affected by their
They are used to promote a particular
destination or an itenary.
Travel blogs written by famous personalities
helps to tangiblise the destination. For ex.
Companies also uses travel blogs a tool for
promoting their tour packages. Ex.
Yatra.com, make my trip, etc.
1. Travel Tales from India
Bloggers name- Mridula