Axis

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Axis

  1. 1. World War II-Axis
  2. 2. WWII Statistics:  50 million people died in the world  80% of Soviet males born in 1923 didn't survive WWII  First ever Atomic Bombs dropped during this war
  3. 3. Italy  Leader: Benito Mussolini Fascist- Totalitarian regime that stressed nationalism and placed the interests of the state above those of individuals.  In Fascism, the power must rest on a sing strong leader and a small group of devoted party members  He achieved “efficiency” by crushing all opposition and by making Italy a totalitarian state  Country Status: Economic issues after WWI-Unemployment and inflation brought bitterness and need of new leadership (Mussolini Steps in)
  4. 4. Europe in WWII
  5. 5. Germany  Leader: Adolf Hitler      Extreme Nationalism and Racism-Wanted racial purification Militaristic expansionism Race and Space—Aryan Race Powerful public speaker (Link) Wrote the Book Mein Kamp (My Struggle) Country Status: Greatly poor after WWI and treaty of Versailles 6 million Germans unemployed—Many joined Hitler’s Army By 1932 the Nazi’s became the top political party in German, Hitler became Chancellor (Like the President) in 1933
  6. 6. Europe in WWII
  7. 7. Russia  Leader: Joseph Stalin-Took control in 1924 after death of V. Lenin Started the war on the side of Hitler with the signing of a non-aggression pact. Joined the allies after Hitler attacked Russia and broke the pact  Agriculture and Industrial Growth were prime economic goals of the Soviet Union (Russia’s Government)  Stalin replaced privately owned farms and replaced them with large government-owned farms  State ownership of property  Eliminated anyone who opposed him or threatened his power  Country Status: Communist State: All economic activity under government control and supervision
  8. 8. Russia Joseph Stalin:   1940-Industrial Advancement had soviets competing well with the west Stalin was portrayed positively and respectfully throughout the country, became very popular How did he do it? Five Year Plan- This is how we compete with the west: Relocated people Took land and those who opposed were sent to prisoner camps and executed Killed 10-15 million of his own people who he saw as “enemies of the state”.
  9. 9. Europe in WWII
  10. 10. Japan  Leader: Ikka Kita and Hideki Tojo  Attacked Manchuria in 1931, first act of World War II  This act was against the policies of the Treaty of Versailles, they Quit the league of nations  Militarists now controlled Japan, Totalitarian government built for aggression  Country Status :  Economic crisis and depression  Needed more room for their people-China!  A rise of nationalism and failure democratic leaders=Totalitarianism
  11. 11. Discussion Questions:  1. What do we see in common between all the wants/goals of these leaders? 2. What do we see in common with the standard condition around the world?
  12. 12. How our World could have looked if the Axis Won (Mainly Germany)?  Lets Find Out… LINK

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