Using audio and visual tools to enhance instruction


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Old School and New School AV Tools to use in classroom instruction and how best to integrate them.

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Using audio and visual tools to enhance instruction

  1. 1. Using Audio and Visual Tools to Enhance Instruction By: Margaret Black
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>This article was written to help teachers understand how audio and visual tools can be used to enhance instruction both before the digital age and currently. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Old School <ul><li>When we think of AV materials used in classrooms before the digital age we are referring to: </li></ul><ul><li>Cassette tapes </li></ul><ul><li>Overhead projectors </li></ul><ul><li>Filmstrips and slides </li></ul><ul><li>Televisions </li></ul>
  4. 4. Audio is still the dominant mode of instruction in most classrooms
  5. 5. Listening <ul><li>Teachers need to teach listening skills </li></ul><ul><li>Focused listening can be taught through games </li></ul>
  6. 6. Listening <ul><li>Listening begins with being able to hear </li></ul><ul><li>Straining causes fatigue and frustration </li></ul><ul><li>Be sure you can be heard </li></ul><ul><li>There are amplification systems to enhance teacher voices </li></ul>
  7. 7. Each Modality you use in instruction causes new dendrites, pathways, to be formed in the brain
  8. 8. Multiple pathways make recall easier.
  9. 9. For students who have difficulty listening, audio tapes can help <ul><li>Tapes can be used for: </li></ul><ul><li>Talking books </li></ul><ul><li>Multimedia clips </li></ul><ul><li>Oral history </li></ul><ul><li>Oral journals </li></ul><ul><li>Interviews </li></ul>
  10. 10. Telephones can also be used as an audio learning tool
  11. 11. So can Radio and Broadcasts
  12. 12. Internet Radio can enhance instruction in every area of the curriculum
  13. 13. CD’s and DVD’s <ul><li>CD’s and DVD’s have replaced cassettes due to their better quality and great storage capacity </li></ul>
  14. 14. MP3’s and WAV files <ul><li>Wav files are large and can take a long time to download. They are used for shorter recordings </li></ul><ul><li>MP3’s are compact and often used for songs and longer recordings </li></ul>
  15. 15. Visual Communication <ul><li>“Children acquire and visual literacy skills throughout their educational experience. Regardless of what you teach, you will have an impact on the visual skills your students attain…how you design, arrange, and present visual information to learners will affect their visual literacy set, positively or negatively.” </li></ul><ul><li>~Audio and Visual Technologies p.9 </li></ul>
  16. 16. Positive Impact <ul><li>Clear consistent information will help learners build visual literacy skills </li></ul>
  17. 17. Negative impact <ul><li>Confusing or disconnected information will not only make the content you present suffer but also a student’s visual literacy development </li></ul>
  18. 18. All teachers should study the basics of visual communication
  19. 19. 6 words 6 Lines Rule <ul><li>The brain has difficulty processing more than six words in a line or six lines at a time. This is important to keep in mind when creating presentations. </li></ul><ul><li>~From Visual Literacy: Learn to See, See to Learn by Lynell Burmark </li></ul>
  20. 20. Sans Sarif <ul><li>Sans Sarif Fonts also cause less processing strain and can be read from further away. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Visual Elements Include: <ul><li>Graphics </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols </li></ul><ul><li>Real objects </li></ul><ul><li>Organizational tools </li></ul><ul><li>Backgrounds </li></ul>
  22. 22. Text Elements include: <ul><li>Words chosen </li></ul><ul><li>Font styles and sizes </li></ul><ul><li>Font colors </li></ul>
  23. 23. Affective Elements <ul><li>These can elicit a response from the viewer like humor, sadness, or surprise. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Warning! Danger! <ul><li>Irrelevant and disconnected images and text send mixed messages and make it harder for the viewer to interpret and retain the message. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Considerations include: <ul><li>Coherence and consistency </li></ul><ul><li>Portion and contrast </li></ul><ul><li>Unity and direction </li></ul><ul><li>Keep in mind the big picture. What are you trying to convey? </li></ul>
  26. 26. Non Projected Visuals include: <ul><li>Real objects </li></ul><ul><li>Models </li></ul><ul><li>Exhibits </li></ul><ul><li>Print </li></ul><ul><li>Photographs </li></ul>
  27. 27. Displays <ul><li>Bulletin boards </li></ul><ul><li>Flip charts </li></ul><ul><li>White boards </li></ul><ul><li>Magnetic boards, felt boards </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic white boards not only display but capture images </li></ul>
  28. 28. Projected Visuals include: <ul><li>Overhead projector </li></ul><ul><li>Slide projector </li></ul><ul><li>LCD displays </li></ul><ul><li>Digital projector </li></ul><ul><li>Document Cameras </li></ul><ul><li>Motion Video </li></ul>
  29. 29. An advantage of projected visuals is that the teacher can maintain eye contact with their audience
  30. 30. Multimedia <ul><li>Multimedia consists of: </li></ul><ul><li>Audio </li></ul><ul><li>Visual </li></ul><ul><li>Text </li></ul><ul><li>Graphics </li></ul><ul><li>Sound </li></ul><ul><li>Video </li></ul><ul><li>Into a single coherent presentation. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Brain Based Research supports greater learning with the use of Multimedia
  32. 32. However, presentations must be congruent and coherent in their design
  33. 33. Summary <ul><li>Integrating audio, visual, and multimedia elements into your teaching will result in greater learning. However, it is crucial that the overall presentation is clear, cohesive, and consistent </li></ul>
  34. 34. References and Additional Resources <ul><li>“ Audio and Visual Technologies” </li></ul><ul><li>Visual Literacy: Learn to See, See to Learn by Lynell Burmark </li></ul><ul><li>Engaging the Eye Generation, Visual Literacy Strategies for the K-5 Classroom by Johanna Riddle </li></ul><ul><li>Visual Tool Box Blog </li></ul><ul><li>http://visual- / </li></ul>