Australia lies between the South Pacific Ocean & the Indian Ocean (the part of the Indian Ocean south of Australia is called the Southern Ocean in the country). Australia is about 7,000 mi southwest of North America & about 2,000 mi southeast of mainland Asia. Commonwealth of Australia
Northwest includes woodlands, shrub lands, with some grasslands all in a tropical climate zone.
West includes the Western Plateau and Outback terrain. It is majority shrub land and desert in a subtropical climate zone. Southwest includes more woodlands and temperate forests and some shrub lands in Mediterranean climate zone surrounding the capital, Perth.
The outback is located in a subtropical, hot and dry climate zone. The temperatures are so intense that much of the mining center towns have been built underground. Life in the Outback is vulnerable to several natural hazards, such as droughts, soil erosion, overgrazing and severe wildfires that can race across the tinder-dry bush vegetation. the Outback is majority bush and shrub lands. That is where the name “Outback” came from. Also vast deserts and dry grasslands make up the rest of the climate and vegetation in the Outback.
Northern Territory In the center part of the Northern Territory, (the Outback) closer to Alice Springs, Uluru & the Olgas, the climate zone is subtropical desert, grasslands & bush lands. Hot tropical woodland & grassland climate zones make up the Northern Territory, closer to the coast, surrounding the capital Darwin.
Electrical Storm, Kakadu National Park, Northern Territory.
Channel Country Lake Eyre, the lowest point in Australia, lies 52 ft below sea level along the southern edge of this desert. Lake Eyre The Channel Country is region of outback Australia. The name comes from the numerous intertwined rivulets that cross the region. The Channel Country is situated over the Cooper Basin, Eromanga Basin, and the Lake Eyre Basin drainage basin.
The Eastern Highlands of Australia are the remnants of an old folded mountain range. The range was created when New Zealand broke away from Australia about 80 million years ago. The highland crest is often called the Great Dividing Range. The Eastern Highlands are Australia’s most fertile land region, with fertile soils and are used as cropland. The Eastern Highlands
The Range separates the rivers that flow to the east coast from those flowing inland or to the south. The highest mountain in the eastern uplands is Mount Kosciusko in the Snowy Mountains of New South Wales. The east coast is distinguished by the offshore presence of the Great Barrier Reef. Great Dividing Range
The Great Barrier Reef This is the worlds largest coral reef and one of Australia’s most popular tourist attractions. The waters around the Great Barrier Reef are warm the year around, and warmth and beauty of the coral formations attract species of all kinds.
Reef Chains The Reef is a chain of more than 2,500 reefs and includes many small islands. It extends in a “nearly unbroken” chain for about 1,250 miles along Australia’s northeast coast.
Tasmania Tasmania is an Australian island and state. It is located 150 mi south of the continent, and is separated by Bass Strait. The state includes the island of Tasmania – the 26th largest island in the world– and the surrounding islands. The state has a population of 500,000 (as of December 2008) of whom almost half reside in the greater Hobart precinct. The island is mostly temperate forest with some woodlands and includes some rainforest as well in it’s Mediterranean climate zone.
…More People & More Population Australia's population has quadrupled since the end of World War I. Following World War II and through to 2000, almost 5.9 million of the total population settled in the country as new immigrants. The Federal Government estimates that cutting immigration from 280,000 to its target of 180,000 will result in a population of 36 million by 2050.
Aussie ”Ozzie” Life, Oy! For at least 40,000 years before European settlement in the late 18th century, Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians who belonged to one or more of the roughly 250 language groups. At the time of the 2006 Census, 52,000 Indigenous Australians, representing 12% of the Indigenous population, reported that they spoke an Indigenous language at home
Religion& Culture Australia has no state religion. In the 2006 census, 64% of Australians listed themselves as Christian, Roman Catholicism at 26% and 19% as Anglican. Only about 19% of the population cited “no religion“ which was the fastest-growing group from 2001 to 2006. No religion includes those who are atheist, agnostic, humanists, and rationalists.
Queen Elizabeth II Quentin Bryce Julia Gillard