This presentation will cover the outlines of Commercial radio, PSB radio, Non for profit radio and a few pieces of information on Job roles and figures in the Radio Industry.
Basically, as it states in the name, commercial radio are radio stations that are funded by commercials and adverts. While most commercial radio stations will provide popular music and chart music from artists such as JLS, Classic FM does play a different genre of classical music, which while not everyone may enjoy this, it still has enough listeners for it to be of interest to commercial companies and therefore it can still receive funding. So while commercial funding will play the most popular tracks like J-Lo or LMFAO, It might not be inclined to play more alternative artist such as the Cure or Nirvana.
PSB, public service broadcasting is a service provided for the public that must have 3 main things, it must inform educate and entertain. There are 7 different channels for listeners to tune into, each one with a different purpose.
In order to listen to PSB radio you will need a license, and this will come along with your standard color tvlicence, which costs a fee of 145 pounds a year. Since most household with have a TV color license, and will listen to the radio, it is essential for the BBC to provide something for everyone, this is why they have provided the 7 different channels, each one is different and will suit the needs of most people in the country, it has radio dramas on radio 4, alternative music 6music, and chart and popular music on radio one, it also have sports news and commentary on the Five Live program. Because of this need to supply entertainment, the BBC strives to ensure all tastes are covered that all target markets are met. Without the funding the BBC gets from licenses it would not be able to run.
With new technologies making there way into our lives it is getting easier and easier to find ways to listen to radio, whether it is through your phone, Ipod, laptop or DAB, it is so much easier to listen to radio thanks to the advances in technology, without many of these, it would be much much harder to follow your favorite shows, and with podcasts you can now even keep some of your favorite moment on radio. Because of this change in technology most of the larger radio companies have adapted and now provide all these services to ensure that listeners are able to tune in to their shows, and increase their listening figures.
Non for profit radio, is also what it says on the tin, and it means radio programmes that are not running for the means of making a profit, and the funding received is all put into running the show. Generally we see non for profit shows in the form of local community radios, hospital radio is a good example, as hospital radio is only there to entertain patients, and not to make a profit from it. A couple of examples of NFP radio stations are Bradford community broadcasting, based in Bradford, and ALL FM in Manchester. Another example are hospital radio stations which are used to keep patients happy and relaxed.PGFM, run by our school, is also a non for profit radio station, and is a prime example, as it only receives funding in order to run it, and not make money from the radio station. While these radio stations may not be the most popular, they are still popular enough to maintain enough funding to run the stations.
Above is a few examples of the jobs available in the industry. While these jobs are all different, they could be argued to be all just as important, for example if there was no script writer, then the presenter would not know what to say and if there was no reporter, there would be no news stories.During our time on PGFM, I learned that there is a lot of preparation involved the make sure the show runs smoothly, and it is therefore no surprise that there are so many jobs in radio, unlike ourselves who did most of the work, there are various employees who do different jobs, to make it easier for the show to run. In our show we found ourselves juggling several roles, Producing and scriptwriting, presenting and handling mic control, there was always a job to be doing on the scene to make sure we had no hiccups. I can now see through this time spent on the show why so many employees are required in the Radio Industry to help make sure the bigger stations such as Radio 1 run efficiently.
Here is a list of figures that show the number of people employed in the radio sector, taken from an online source, it is shown that the highest employment percentage is in the BBC, with over 10 thousand employees working in this sector, commercial coming second with over 9600, and community radio with the lowest, with 2000 people employed.
And that’s the end of this presentation,Thanks for listening, and I hope you enjoyed the presentation!
Radio Presentation <br />Joe Meek<br />
Commercial Radio<br />Funded by commercials<br />Most popular radio stations in the commercial sector: Galaxy, Classical FM and Real Radio. <br />Generally plays popular chart music, and doesn’t usually play alternative music, stations such as galaxy tend to play songs from artists such as JLS, and might not play tracks from artists, like The Cure, for example.<br />Classic FM is a different matter, as if does play music that not everyone would appreciate, but there is still a large number of listeners for it to be viable to run.<br />
Public Service Broadcasting<br />PSB (Public Service Broad Casting) is essentially the service provided by the BBC that MUST provide a service for everyone who pays the license fee.<br />MUST :<br />Inform<br />Educate<br />Entertain <br />Radio One: Popular chart music<br />Radio Two: Popular music from across the decades <br />Radio Three: Classical Music<br />Radio Four: Radio Drama<br />Five Live: Sports<br />Radio Six: Alternative Music<br />
PSBContinued<br /><ul><li>License fee £145 per annum for colors TV license, which involved your radio license.
Paid by a vast majority of households in the country, therefore it must have something for everyone.
Makes certain things easier to find and gives access to things we might not find in commercial radio. Such as jazz, country and classical music.
PSB plays music that might not be found in most popular music, but more non mainstream popular music. Note: Florence and the machine was discovered by the BBC and they got their first air time on radio 6.</li></li></ul><li>New Technologies<br /><ul><li>Constant advances in technology are making radio easier and easier to listen to, its hard to avoid it!
Personal Radio – Listeners can choose to listen through their phone or of course I-phone, MP3 player, portable DAB radio, or other personal audio system.
The Web – nearly all major radio stations transmit their output through the internet, giving radio listeners access to thousands of stations, worldwide.
Broadband – many broadband providers worldwide provide access to radio direct to their customers’ home computers.
DAB Radio - radio through a digital signal supplied via a terrestrial based Digital Hub.
The digital signal - different countries throughout the world have chosen to supply the signal using slightly differing technology.
Digital TV – channels of cable and satellite TV providers dedicated to radio provision.</li></li></ul><li>Non For Profit Radio<br />Non For Profit is a radio station that provides a service without looking to make a profit.<br />These can come in the form of local radio stations, <br />Bradford_Community_Broadcasting – Bradford – multicultural – 97.9FM/106.6 FM <br />All FM – South Manchester – Multicultural - 96.9FM<br />PGFM, the school Radio show, is also a non for profit show, as the funding it receives from local adverts, is just enough to run the show when it is required.<br />
Job Roles<br />During Time On PGFM<br />Me: Presenter/producer/script writer/Station manager<br />Jake Webber: Co-producer/Audio engineer<br />Vicky James: Studio assistant<br />Aimee Barker: Co presenter/news reader/script writer<br />