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  • 1. College of Engineering Research on the Move University of Nebraska–Lincoln Research at COE Perspectives, Opportunities, and Resources
  • 2. College of Engineering Research on the Move University of Nebraska–Lincoln Research Measures $13.2FY2005 $16.3FY2006 $18.20FY2007 $22.8FY2008 External Expenditures (millions) No. and Value of Awards 133FY 2007 $23.3M 191FY 2008 $27.5M Expenditures: Actual dollars spent in a given year. Awards: Authorizations to spend. Research: Includes external awards/expenditures. $21.9FY2009 183FY 2009 $28.9M 141FY 2006 $22.8M 130FY 2005 $15.7M
  • 3. College of Engineering Research on the Move University of Nebraska–Lincoln Sources of Funding FY08/09 Total Value of Awards = $28.9 M (183 Awards) Federal Funding = $19.60M (69 Awards) Univ. $0.80M (17) Federal $19.60M (69) Indust. $5.44M (56) State $2.57M (26) Assoc. $0.24M (7) Local $0.11M (3) Other $0.17M (5) NSF $4.79M (37) DOD $9.04M (11) DOT $2.47M (4) DHHS $2.48M (5) DEd $0.29M (3) DOE $0.20M (8) Ag $0.02M (1)
  • 4. College of Engineering Research on the Move University of Nebraska–Lincoln Total research funding at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln increased nearly 13 percent this year to a record of more than $122 million, according to the UNL Office of Research. “That growth bodes well for Nebraska as well as the university. It is a testament to the quality of our faculty and the leadership of Vice Chancellor for Research and Economic Development Prem Paul." ----- Chancellor Harvey Perlman "Our research university is making tremendous progress. I'm very proud of our faculty's innovative ideas and competitiveness, especially in a tough federal budgetary climate." ----- Prem Paul
  • 5. College of Engineering Research on the Move University of Nebraska–Lincoln Research Highlights—FY08/09 $4,138,000 Multi-Energy Processing, DOD-Office of Naval Research , Yongfeng Lu , 4/10/2009- 4/9/2011 $3,261,250 Army-UNL Center for Trauma Mechanic , DOD-Army Research Office, Namas Chandra, 10/1/2008-9/30/2009 $2,085,000 University Transportation Ctr FY10 , Dept of Transportation, Laurence Rilett , 7/1/2009 - 9/30/2011 $2,035,584 Trivalent Vaccine, Emergent Product Devel Gaithersburg Inc , Michael Meagher (Lead), Stephen Swanson, 3/13/2009 -1/13/2012 $1,860,716 cGMP Recombin FIX & Oral Hemophilia, DHHS-NHLBI , William Velander (Lead), Kevin Van Cott , 9/1/2008-8/31/2009 $658,000 US CMS Tier 2 Center , Univ of California-Los Angeles , David Swanson , 10/1/2008 - 12/31/2009 $590,000 Midwest States Pooled Fund Yr 19 , Ne Dept Roads , John Reid (Lead), Ronald Faller, Dean Sicking , 9/29/2008-7/31/2011 $583,329 Multi-Laser-Beam Open-Atmos Surface, DOD-Office of Naval Research-MURI, Yongfeng Lu , 3/15/2005 7/31/2009 $578,477 Fermentation Development , ViroPharma Inc , Michael Meagher (Lead), Stephen Swanson , 12/10/2008 -4/1/2009
  • 6. College of Engineering Research on the Move University of Nebraska–Lincoln Awards to Assistant Professors $503,000 Track Stability Assessment & Data, Dept of Transportation-FRA , Carl Nelson, Shane Farritor (Lead), Joseph Turner , 9/17/2004-12/31/2010 $400,000 CAREER: Chiral Nanostructure Hybrid , NSF , Eva Schubert , 2/15/2009-1/31/2014 $387,463 Self-Organized Nanolayers, NSF , Li Tan (Lead), 9/1/2008-8/31/2011 $300,002 ARRA: Free-Standing Particle Fibers , NSF, Li Tan (Lead), 7/1/2009-6/30/2012 $300,000 Activity Analysis in Wi-SCaNs , NSF, Senem Velipasalar (Lead), Mustafa Gursoy, 9/1/2008 - 8/31/2011 $135,000 Aerodynamics , Genex Systems LLC , Junke Guo (Lead), 4/1/2009-3/31/2010 $115,790 Effect of Countdown Timers , Ne Dept Roads, Anuj Sharma (Lead), Elizabeth Jones , 7/1/2009 6/30/2011 $105,000 Shallow Floor System , Charles Pankow Foundation, George Morcous, Maher Tadros (Lead), 11/26/2008-6/30/2010 $100,232 AFOSR YIP: Just-Enough-Testing , DOD-Air Force Off of Sci Rsch , Myra Cohen , 3/1/2009- 11/30/2009
  • 7. College of Engineering Research on the Move University of Nebraska–Lincoln • Internal  Research freedom  Transmit the new-found knowledge (classes/open forum)  Impact society in your chosen field Why Do Research? • External  Peer recognition  Academic and financial rewards  Only true access to resources  Tenure
  • 8. College of Engineering Research on the Move University of Nebraska–Lincoln • Research $ /year • Quality publications/tenure cycle • Ph.D. students graduated (perhaps Masters) Typical Measures of Success
  • 9. College of Engineering Research on the Move University of Nebraska–Lincoln • Funding opportunities are available at the federal, state, and private levels • Opportunities can exist or can be created • Each funding agency has its own mission statement, procedures, and level of funding • You need to select research topics that excite the funding agency—not you • Understand your “customers” and their needs/priorities  Extensive research and direct interaction Funding Opportunities
  • 10. College of Engineering Research on the Move University of Nebraska–Lincoln Typical Funding Sources To promote the progress of science; to advance the national health, prosperity, and welfare; to secure the national defense. Initiates and supports: • Basic scientific research and research fundamental to the engineering process • Programs to strengthen scientific and engineering research potential • Science and engineering education programs at all levels Army Research Office (ARO) Serve as the Army’s premier extramural basic research agency in the engineering, physical, information and life sciences; developing and exploiting innovative advances to insure the Nation’s technological superiority Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR) Manages and leads the Air Force’s basic research program, supporting its goals of control and maximum utilization of air, space and cyberspace Office of Naval Research (ONR) Foster, plan, facilitate, and transition scientific research in recognition of its paramount importance to enable future naval power and the preservation of national security Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Maintain the technological superiority of the U.S. military and prevent technological surprise from harming our national security by sponsoring revolutionary, high-payoff research bridging the gap between fundamental discoveries and their military use Lead the unified national effort to secure America; prevent and deter terrorist attacks and protect against and respond to threats and hazards to the Nation; secure the national borders while welcoming lawful immigrants, visitors, and trade To pioneer the future in space exploration, scientific discovery and aeronautics researchTo create fundamental knowledge about living systems and apply that knowledge to reduce human illness and disability; each of NIH’s 27 semi-autonomous institutes has its own mission Discovering the solutions to power and secure America’s future Theme 1: Energy Security Theme 2: Nuclear Security Theme 3: Scientific Discovery and Innovation Theme 4: Environmental Responsibility Theme 5: Management Excellence Serve the United States by ensuring a fast, safe, efficient, accessible and convenient transportation system that meets our vital national interest and enhances the quality of life of the American people, today and into the future
  • 11. College of Engineering Research on the Move University of Nebraska–Lincoln • Administration and a new agenda  Infrastructure  Workforce  Green energy • Country is in a recession. What is in Store for 2009 and Beyond?
  • 12. College of Engineering Research on the Move University of Nebraska–Lincoln
  • 13. College of Engineering Research on the Move University of Nebraska–Lincoln
  • 14. College of Engineering Research on the Move University of Nebraska–Lincoln National Science Foundation (NSF) • Independent agency supporting basic research and education • Requested budget is $7.05B, a 8.6% increase over last year • Provide grants—not contracts • Engineering Directorate request is for $765M • NSF provides 40% of the total federal support in engineering • Engineering expects to make 2,235 competitive awards and 1,590 research grants • Average award size is estimated to be $118,000 per year for an average of 3 years
  • 15. College of Engineering Research on the Move University of Nebraska–Lincoln • An “Excellent” review does not guarantee funding • Other factors could include geography, institution, gender
  • 16. College of Engineering Research on the Move University of Nebraska–Lincoln • One “Fair” kills the proposal • Resubmit if “Recommended” or one “Excellent”
  • 17. College of Engineering Research on the Move University of Nebraska–Lincoln • 1 out of 5 proposals funded • Avg. of 3-5 proposals submitted before an award • Collaborations are the wave of the future
  • 18. College of Engineering Research on the Move University of Nebraska–Lincoln • Develop an ongoing relationship with the program manager(s)  Ask early—ask often Critical to Success at NSF
  • 19. College of Engineering Research on the Move University of Nebraska–Lincoln CAREER Award • NSF’s most prestigious award for young faculty • Size and duration commensurate with award’s prestige— $400,000 minimum for 5 years • Goal is to provide stable support at a sufficient level and duration for outstanding new teacher-scholars in the context of the mission of their organization • Of 800 proposals reviewed by the Engineering Directorate last year, 132 awards were made • Success rate rose to 18% last year from 16% the previous year
  • 20. College of Engineering Research on the Move University of Nebraska–Lincoln CAREER Award • Eligibility  Doctorate in a field supported by NSF  Untenured  Hold title of Assistant Professor  Have not previously received a CAREER or PECASE award  Have not had more than two CAREER proposals reviewed
  • 21. College of Engineering Research on the Move University of Nebraska–Lincoln Department of Defense (DOD) • Largest supporter of R&D in the federal government  Accounts for more than half of the total federal R&D portfolio of $147.4B • Responsible for 11% of all federal support of basic and applied research • Key sponsor for several science and engineering disciplines  31% of all federal computer sciences research  31% of all federal engineering research  29% of all federal oceanography research  14% of all federal mathematics research • Impact is even greater in several engineering subdisciplines  Electrical engineering  Mechanical engineering  Materials
  • 22. College of Engineering Research on the Move University of Nebraska–Lincoln DOD—Priorities and Approaches • Mission driven—not just pure science • A five-ten year lead time—61, 62, 63 research • Need to meet with managers as often as possible (mostly permanent) • Attend all of the meetings for annual contractors; build a working relationship with other researchers • Reasonably stable funding—but funds get redirected—Iraq war • Build relationship with labs (Air Force Wright Lab, Army Research Lab, Naval Research Lab, TARDECs) • ASEE-sponsored summer programs for young faculty; CAREER-type award for new faculty • Special large programs—MURI, DURIP, Centers of Excellence • DEPSCoR—lots of scope (only 1 project in 05, 03 and 3 in 02)
  • 23. College of Engineering Research on the Move University of Nebraska–Lincoln Department of Energy (DOE) • DOE would receive the largest percentage increased among R&D funding agencies— an increase of 21% to $4.3 billion  Goal is to double its budget between 2006 and 2016 • Office of Science is the largest federal sponsor of physical sciences and one of three federal agencies (+ NSF and NIT) that would receive substantial increases  Funding for every Science program would increase substantially with a 72% increase for fusion research, 24% for basic energy sciences, and 17% for high-energy physics • The total DOE R&D portfolio would increase 8.9% to $10.5 billion • Investments in renewables, such as biomass and nuclear energy, would show strong gains • In fossil fuels, coal would show a strong gain of 26% to $624 million, including a 25% increase to $149 million for carbon sequestration research and a doubling of funding for the FutureGen project to $156 million • Proposes to eliminate funding for gas and oil technology R&D • Cancel $50 million in mandatory funding for deepwater oil and gas exploration
  • 24. College of Engineering Research on the Move University of Nebraska–Lincoln Department of Homeland Security (DHS) • After a year of consolidating many program lines and reshuffling others, the FY 2009 budget request continues this restructuring of the DHS portfolio  DHS R&D grew too quickly and is now in retrenchment and reorganization • DHS spends its R&D in roughly equal thirds to intramural laboratories, industrial firms, and FFRDCs (national laboratories, mostly DOE labs); only a small portion has gone to universities • After heavily investing in life sciences and engineering research, the portfolio is diversifying with increasing investments in physical sciences
  • 25. College of Engineering Research on the Move University of Nebraska–Lincoln Department of Transportation (DOT) • Transportation funding is unusual  Minimum funding levels are guaranteed by transportation authorization bills  DOT programs are operating under a transportation authorization bill signed into law in August 2005 that dramatically increases highway R&D funding 2006-2009  Nearly all the funds from the authorization bill go to the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) for state and local road projects
  • 26. College of Engineering Research on the Move University of Nebraska–Lincoln National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) • United States Exploration Policy  Complete assembly of Space Station using the Space Shuttle by 2010  Retire the Space Shuttle by 2010  Return astronauts to the Moon by the end of the next decade  Eventually send human explorers to Mars and beyond  No significant funding authorized to meet these objectives; therefore, other NASA resources are being redirected to strongly focus on them • Space Exploration objectives  Develop the Orion Crew Exploration Vehicle (CEV)  Complete the Ares I Crew Launch Vehicle • NASA continues to focus on cutting-edge fundamental aeronautical research in key areas  Foundational and multidisciplinary research to enable air-breathing access to space and entry into planetary atmospheres  Stewardship of NASA’s aeronautics research and test facilities  Development of technologies that will enable the transition to the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen)
  • 27. College of Engineering Research on the Move University of Nebraska–Lincoln National Institutes of Health (NIH) • Second largest support of R&D in federal government after DOD • Largest federal supporter of basic research, applied research, and R&D at colleges and universities • Has a disproportionate impact on support for the biomedical life sciences and related fields • The NIH would receive exactly the same budget in 2009 as 2008 ($28.7B)  Projected decline in the number of RPGs down to 36,516  The average RPG of $408,100 would be 9% smaller than in 2004  NIH expects to fund fewer than 1 in 5 applications  Success rate will fall to 18% in 2009 (number of applications far outpace the number of grants)  A new program to encourage new investigators, launched last year, would expand to $71M in 2009 • Provides up to 5 years of support for scientists just beginning their careers
  • 28. College of Engineering Research on the Move University of Nebraska–Lincoln NIH—Biology/Engineering Interfaces • Engineers (mechanical, chemical, biochemical, electrical, engineering mechanics, computational) should take the initiative to work with biological and medical scientists • Bring to bear all the scientific and engineering knowledge on the medical field of “detecting/treating” diseases • Some possible areas (regular/ IDeA funding)  3D Image analysis of cancer tissues • Growth mechanics of biological materials  Mechanical property measurement and degradation of tissue/bones  Interface coating of ceramics for bio-compatibility  Motion mechanics in sports  Dynamics of motion in biological microchannels
  • 29. College of Engineering Research on the Move University of Nebraska–Lincoln Knowledge TeacherResearch ScientistProfessionalism ServiceLobbyist FundsClergy CounselOrator MotivatorJournalist PapersFamily Friends ???????? Magician with Many Hats- The Faculty My Role: Serve Faculty and Work with VC Research & the Dean.
  • 30. College of Engineering Research on the Move University of Nebraska–Lincoln How the Office of Research Can Help • Be able to clearly articulate your area of research in one page • Know which agencies support your area of research • Become familiar with the goals and priorities of those agencies and understand what funds are available at those agencies • Develop relationships with program managers • Review and edit a one-page “tear sheet” describing your research • Help you determine which agencies would most likely fund your research • Provide you with information on the goals, priorities, and current/future funding levels at the agencies you have targeted • Assist in making contacts with program managers and visiting agencies
  • 31. College of Engineering Research on the Move University of Nebraska–Lincoln How the Office of Research Can Help • Research information on specific agencies, e.g., goals, priorities, funding levels • Research open solicitations and pull information on those which match your research area • If unsolicited proposals are accepted, research what is required • Suggest and arrange meetings with potential collaborators • Target specific agencies • Review open solicitations • Determine if unsolicited proposals are reviewed • Identify potential academic and industry collaborators
  • 32. College of Engineering Research on the Move University of Nebraska–Lincoln How COE the Office of Research Can Help • We will review the solicitation and prepare a plan for meeting all of the requirements • Support will be tailored to the needs of each faculty member; COE Proposal Coordinators are familiar with all steps of the proposal development process from requirements definition to submission • Contact the CoE office when you have decided to submit a proposal • Determine the level of support you need

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