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Prospects for Research
Funding
Association of Medical School
Neuroscience Department
Chairs Annual Meeting
David B. Moore
...
What I Will Cover
• Current political landscape
• Where we are now (FY 2010)
• Where we are headed (FY 2011)
• Budget envi...
“Everything is changing.
People are taking their
comedians seriously and
politicians as a joke.”
- Will Rogers
The Political Landscape
The Political Landscape
“Just because you are good on TV
doesn’t mean you can sell socialism
to freedom loving Americans.”...
The Political Landscape
• Highly partisan – Election year
• Issues
• Health care reform
• Second jobs bill
• Unemployment ...
Is Obama the Light at the End of
the Tunnel for Science?
Obama Inaugural Address
“The state of the economy calls for
action, bold and swift, and we will act -
not only to create n...
Remarks at National
Academy of Sciences
“We will devote more than three percent of
our GDP to research and development….
t...
A Strategy for American
Innovation: Driving Towards
Sustainable Growth and Quality
Jobs – September 2009
Restore American ...
Where Are We Now?
FY 2010 Funding for Science
Agency FY 2009 FY 2010 % change
NIH $30.317 B $31.010 B 2.3%
NSF Research $5.183 B $5.564 B 7....
House passed July 24 (264 – 153)
Senate Appropriations Committee passed
July 30 (29 – 1)
Full Senate did not consider
Bill...
NIH Budget Chronology
[in billions]
FY 2009 Omnibus $30.317 +$0.938 (3.2%)
ARRA Funds $10.400
FY 2010 President $30.759 + ...
“The Committee understands that the
recommended fiscal year 2010 funding level
falls below the amount needed to keep up
wi...
NIH Funding, Percentage Increase
Constant Dollars [FYs 1980-2010]
-6.0%
-1.0%
4.0%
9.0%
14.0%
1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 200...
Loss of More Than $3.3 Billion (12%)
in Purchasing Power Since FY 2003
$20
$22
$24
$26
$28
$30
$32
2003 2004 2005 2006 200...
NIH Research Project Grants
9,396
10,411
10,025
9,481
9,085
9,872
9,737
9,111
9,251
9,052
8,000
8,500
9,000
9,500
10,000
1...
Rather than fight the same tired battles that have
dominated Washington for decades, it’s time to try
something new. Let’s...
FY 2011 Obama Budget
• Rescuing the Economy
• Reviving Job Creation and Laying a
New Foundation for Economic Growth
• Rest...
FY 2011 Obama Budget
• Freezes Non-Security Discretionary
Spending for the Next Three Years
• Investing in the Sciences fo...
FY 2011 Obama Budget
Agency FY 2010 FY 2011 % change
NIH $30.010 B $32.007 B 3.2%
NSF Research $4.618 B $5.006 B 7.1%
DOE ...
NIH Director’s Strategic
Priorities
• Applying "high-throughput" technologies to
understand fundamental biology and
diseas...
FY 2011 Obama Budget – NIH
• Request = 3.2% (equals projected FY 2011
BRDPI)
• New & Competing RPGs = 9,052 (-199)
• Total...
FY 2011 Obama Budget – NIH
• NRSA = $824.4 M (+$41.7 M or 6%) for
stipends
• NRSA positions = 17,164 (-92 FTTPs)
• CTSAs =...
The future ain’t what it
used to be.
- attributed to Yogi Berra
Things to Watch For
• How will Congress address the budget
deficit?
• Will Congress go along with the
spending freeze?
• H...
CBO Federal Deficit Projections
-1,600
-1,400
-1,200
-1,000
-800
-600
-400
-200
0
2009 2011 2013 2015 2017 2019
NIH as a % of Labor-HHS
Discretionary Funding
0.0%
5.0%
10.0%
15.0%
20.0%
25.0%
1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010
18...
“The Committee understands that
fiscal year 2011 will be an even
more difficult year, because
several programs that were w...
NIH ARRA Funding
FY 2009 Actual FY 2010 Estimate
$4.954 Billion $5.447 Billion
Source: FY 2011 NIH Congressional Justifica...
NIH Baseline Outlays
[in billions]
FY 2009 FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012
$29.782 $31.641 $36.954 $33.243
Source: FY 2011 Preside...
Frequently Asked Questions
• What did we get for the doubling?
• What did we get from ARRA?
• Where are the jobs?
“We would like the Government Accountability
Office to examine the use of the recovery funds by
NIH. Specifically, we woul...
NIH Grants Funded by the
American Recovery and
Reinvestment Act of 2009
http://report.nih.gov/recovery/arragrants.cfm
http...
From Recovery to Discovery:
ARRA Funding and Medical
Research
http://www.aamc.org/advocacy/recovery/start.htm
Messages That Resonate with
the White House/Capitol Hill
• Health Impacts
• Connecting Science to Health
• Local/Regional ...
Investing in Discovery: The Impact of Basic
Research and the Role of the National
Institute of General Medical Sciences
Je...
Messages That Do Not Resonate
with the White House/Capitol Hill
• Loss of Purchasing Power
• Paylines/Success Rates
• Nati...
Date of Signing of Labor-H Bill
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180
Days into fiscal year
12/16/09
2/15/07
12/30/05
12/8/04
...
“I not a member of any
organized political party.
I am a Democrat.”
- Will Rogers
Specter re-election
forecast: Sunny
spring; partly cloudy
for fall
USA Today, Feb. 24, 2010
Poll: Specter leads
Toomey in ...
http://www.researchmeanshope.org/index.html
Final thoughts….
Remember, there are
only 244 days
until the mid-term election!
Democracy is the theory that
the common people know
what they want and deserve
to get it good and hard.
- H.L. Mencken
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  1. 1. Prospects for Research Funding Association of Medical School Neuroscience Department Chairs Annual Meeting David B. Moore Senior Director Government Relations March 4, 2010
  2. 2. What I Will Cover • Current political landscape • Where we are now (FY 2010) • Where we are headed (FY 2011) • Budget environment • President’s Budget • Congressional response • Potential changes in political landscape
  3. 3. “Everything is changing. People are taking their comedians seriously and politicians as a joke.” - Will Rogers
  4. 4. The Political Landscape
  5. 5. The Political Landscape “Just because you are good on TV doesn’t mean you can sell socialism to freedom loving Americans.” Senator Jim DeMint (R-SC) Remarks to C-PAC February 18, 2010
  6. 6. The Political Landscape • Highly partisan – Election year • Issues • Health care reform • Second jobs bill • Unemployment extensions • Taxes – including AMT fix • SGR • Federal spending
  7. 7. Is Obama the Light at the End of the Tunnel for Science?
  8. 8. Obama Inaugural Address “The state of the economy calls for action, bold and swift, and we will act - not only to create new jobs, but to lay a new foundation for growth…. We will restore science to its rightful place, and wield technology’s wonders to raise health care’s quality and lower its cost….”
  9. 9. Remarks at National Academy of Sciences “We will devote more than three percent of our GDP to research and development…. through policies that invest in basic and applied research, create new incentives for private innovation, promote breakthroughs in energy and medicine, and improve education in math and science. This represents the largest commitment to scientific research and innovation in American history.” President Obama April 27, 2009
  10. 10. A Strategy for American Innovation: Driving Towards Sustainable Growth and Quality Jobs – September 2009 Restore American leadership in fundamental research. Educate the next generation with 21st century knowledge and skills while creating a world-class workforce. Build a leading physical infrastructure. Develop an advanced information technology ecosystem.
  11. 11. Where Are We Now?
  12. 12. FY 2010 Funding for Science Agency FY 2009 FY 2010 % change NIH $30.317 B $31.010 B 2.3% NSF Research $5.183 B $5.564 B 7.4% DOE (Office of Science) $4.773 B $4.895 B 2.6% NIST (Sci & Tech Res. Services) $478 M $520 M 8.8% AHRQ $372 M $397 M 6.3% VA Research $510 M $581 M 13.9%
  13. 13. House passed July 24 (264 – 153) Senate Appropriations Committee passed July 30 (29 – 1) Full Senate did not consider Bill filed as part of Transportation/HUD appropriation (H.R. 3288) December 8 President signed Consolidated Appropriation [P.L. 111-117] December 16 Status of FY 2010 HHS Appropriations Bill [H.R. 3293]
  14. 14. NIH Budget Chronology [in billions] FY 2009 Omnibus $30.317 +$0.938 (3.2%) ARRA Funds $10.400 FY 2010 President $30.759 + $0.442 (1.5%) FY 2010 House $31.259 + $0.942 (3.1%) FY 2010 Senate Cmte. $30.759 + $0.442 (1.5%) FY 2010 Final $31.010 + $0.692 (2.3%) BRDPI Projection for FY 2010 = 3.2%
  15. 15. “The Committee understands that the recommended fiscal year 2010 funding level falls below the amount needed to keep up with biomedical inflation, and that the NIH could face severe financial pressures in fiscal year 2011. But the Committee notes that the record-high increase for the NIH in the ARRA greatly mitigates the need for more funding than the administration requested in fiscal year 2010.” Senate Report 111-066 Rationale Behind Senate Bill
  16. 16. NIH Funding, Percentage Increase Constant Dollars [FYs 1980-2010] -6.0% -1.0% 4.0% 9.0% 14.0% 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
  17. 17. Loss of More Than $3.3 Billion (12%) in Purchasing Power Since FY 2003 $20 $22 $24 $26 $28 $30 $32 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 $27.1 $27.9 $28.5 $28.5 $29.0 $29.3 $30.3 $31.0 $26.9 $26.4 $25.3 $24.8 $23.9 $23.9 $23.7 Dollarsinbillions Current Constant (BRDPI)
  18. 18. NIH Research Project Grants 9,396 10,411 10,025 9,481 9,085 9,872 9,737 9,111 9,251 9,052 8,000 8,500 9,000 9,500 10,000 10,500 11,000 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 New/Competing Renewal
  19. 19. Rather than fight the same tired battles that have dominated Washington for decades, it’s time to try something new. Let’s invest in our people without leaving them a mountain of debt. Let’s meet our responsibility to the citizens who sent us here. Let’s try common sense. – President Barack Obama
  20. 20. FY 2011 Obama Budget • Rescuing the Economy • Reviving Job Creation and Laying a New Foundation for Economic Growth • Restoring Responsibility
  21. 21. FY 2011 Obama Budget • Freezes Non-Security Discretionary Spending for the Next Three Years • Investing in the Sciences for a Prosperous America • Proposes $61.6 billion for basic and applied research [+5.6%]
  22. 22. FY 2011 Obama Budget Agency FY 2010 FY 2011 % change NIH $30.010 B $32.007 B 3.2% NSF Research $4.618 B $5.006 B 7.1% DOE (Office of Science) $4.895 B $5.121 B 4.6% NIST (Sci/Tech Res. Services) $520 M $587 M 12.9% AHRQ $397 M $611 M 54% VA Research $580 M $590 M 1.5%
  23. 23. NIH Director’s Strategic Priorities • Applying "high-throughput" technologies to understand fundamental biology and disease • Translating basic science into new and better treatments • Putting science to work for the benefit of health care reform • Encouraging greater focus on global health • Reinvigorating and empowering the biomedical research community, including new scientists
  24. 24. FY 2011 Obama Budget – NIH • Request = 3.2% (equals projected FY 2011 BRDPI) • New & Competing RPGs = 9,052 (-199) • Total RPGs = 37,001 (+195) • Ave. Cost Comp. & Non-Comp. RPGs = +2% • Projected FY 2011 Applications = 60,133 (FY 2010 = 43,890) • Projected FY 2011 success rate = 15% (FY 2010 = 21%)
  25. 25. FY 2011 Obama Budget – NIH • NRSA = $824.4 M (+$41.7 M or 6%) for stipends • NRSA positions = 17,164 (-92 FTTPs) • CTSAs = $500 M • Common Fund = $562 M (+$17.5 M) • Therapeutics for Rare and Neglected Diseases = $50 M (+$26M plus $24M ARRA funds • Basic Behavioral and Social Sciences Opportunity Network (OppNet) = $20 M
  26. 26. The future ain’t what it used to be. - attributed to Yogi Berra
  27. 27. Things to Watch For • How will Congress address the budget deficit? • Will Congress go along with the spending freeze? • How will Congress respond to the cuts in the Obama budget? • What about the ARRA “cliff”?
  28. 28. CBO Federal Deficit Projections -1,600 -1,400 -1,200 -1,000 -800 -600 -400 -200 0 2009 2011 2013 2015 2017 2019
  29. 29. NIH as a % of Labor-HHS Discretionary Funding 0.0% 5.0% 10.0% 15.0% 20.0% 25.0% 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 18.9% 17.1% 16.8% 18.8% 20.8% 18.6% 18.4% 20.4%20.0% 20.1% 20.1% 20.0%20.2% 19.9% 18.6% Fiscal Year
  30. 30. “The Committee understands that fiscal year 2011 will be an even more difficult year, because several programs that were well- funded in ARRA will face the prospect of ‘falling off a cliff.’ The Committee expects to restore a special emphasis on its traditional priority programs next year to help ease the transition to a post-ARRA budget.” Senate Report 111-066 The “Cliff”
  31. 31. NIH ARRA Funding FY 2009 Actual FY 2010 Estimate $4.954 Billion $5.447 Billion Source: FY 2011 NIH Congressional Justification
  32. 32. NIH Baseline Outlays [in billions] FY 2009 FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012 $29.782 $31.641 $36.954 $33.243 Source: FY 2011 President’s Budget
  33. 33. Frequently Asked Questions • What did we get for the doubling? • What did we get from ARRA? • Where are the jobs?
  34. 34. “We would like the Government Accountability Office to examine the use of the recovery funds by NIH. Specifically, we would like information on the process and criteria used for awarding grants that were made available through ARRA monies, and the extent to which these may have varied from the process and criteria typically used by NIH to award grants. Additionally, we are interested in obtaining information on grantee estimates of the number of jobs created or maintained through grant awards funded with ARRA monies.” September 11, 2009, Letter to GAO Barton Asks GAO to Review NIH’s Use of Stimulus Funds
  35. 35. NIH Grants Funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 http://report.nih.gov/recovery/arragrants.cfm http://report.nih.gov/recovery/arragrants.cf m
  36. 36. From Recovery to Discovery: ARRA Funding and Medical Research http://www.aamc.org/advocacy/recovery/start.htm
  37. 37. Messages That Resonate with the White House/Capitol Hill • Health Impacts • Connecting Science to Health • Local/Regional Economic Impacts
  38. 38. Investing in Discovery: The Impact of Basic Research and the Role of the National Institute of General Medical Sciences Jeremy Berg, Ph.D. Director National Institute of General Medical Sciences Friday, March 5, 2010 -- Noon to 1:00 p.m. Rayburn House Office Building – Room B-339 The Ad Hoc Group for Medical Research Congressional Biomedical Research Caucus
  39. 39. Messages That Do Not Resonate with the White House/Capitol Hill • Loss of Purchasing Power • Paylines/Success Rates • National/Global Economic Impacts
  40. 40. Date of Signing of Labor-H Bill 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 Days into fiscal year 12/16/09 2/15/07 12/30/05 12/8/04 1/23/04 2/20/03 1/10/02 12/21/00 12/26/07 3/11/09
  41. 41. “I not a member of any organized political party. I am a Democrat.” - Will Rogers
  42. 42. Specter re-election forecast: Sunny spring; partly cloudy for fall USA Today, Feb. 24, 2010 Poll: Specter leads Toomey in potential showdown MSNBC, March 2, 2010
  43. 43. http://www.researchmeanshope.org/index.html
  44. 44. Final thoughts…. Remember, there are only 244 days until the mid-term election!
  45. 45. Democracy is the theory that the common people know what they want and deserve to get it good and hard. - H.L. Mencken
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