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PowerPoint - Agricultural Biotechnology

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    PowerPoint - Agricultural Biotechnology PowerPoint - Agricultural Biotechnology Presentation Transcript

    • Agricultural Biotechnology Marshall A. Martin Professor and Associate Head Department of Agricultural Economics Purdue University March 2000
    • What is biotechnology?
      • New name for an old tool
      • Molecular biology
      • Genetic engineering
      • Techniques of rDNA
    • Medical applications of biotechnology
      • Control of diabetes with Humalin  or Humalog 
    • What are the new products of biotechnology?
      • Food ingredients, e.g., chymosin
    • What are the new products of agricultural biotechnology?
      • Animal growth hormones, e.g., bST
    • What are the new products of agricultural biotechnology?
      • Herbicide tolerant crops, e.g., Roundup Ready soybeans and corn and Liberty Link corn
    • What are the new products of agricultural biotechnology?
      • Insect resistant crops commercially available, e.g., Bt corn, cotton, and potatoes
      • Corn rootworm resistance in 2001?
    • Biotechnology Adoption: 1999
      • Chymosin 80%
      • Bst
        • Farmers 15%
        • Herds 30%
      • Crops
        • Corn 30%
        • Cotton 50%
        • soybeans 57%
    • What are the new products of agricultural biotechnology?
      • Identity-preserved or specific-attribute crops (vaccines, higher oil or starch content, additional amino acids)
    • Who are the stakeholders?
      • Farmers
    • Who are the stakeholders?
      • Agribusiness
    • Who are the stakeholders?
      • Consumers
    • Who are the stakeholders?
      • Environmentalists
    • Who are the stakeholders?
      • International traders
    • Who are the stakeholders?
      • Policy makers
    • Who are the stakeholders?
      • Ethicists
    • Biotechnology Critics What are their concerns?
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    • Who regulates agricultural biotechnology?
      • U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
    • Who regulates agricultural biotechnology?
      • Environmental Protection Agency
    • Who regulates agricultural biotechnology?
      • Food and Drug Administration
    • The International Trade Controversy over GMOs
      • Who are our customers for agricultural commodities?
    • U.S. Corn Use 1999
      • Exports 21%
      • Feed 59%
      • Food, Seed,& Industrial 20%
    • U.S. Shelled Corn Exports 1999
      • Canada 2%
      • Mexico 11%
      • South America 8%
      • EU-15 <1%
      • Asia 60%
      • (Japan) (30%)
    • U.S. Corn By-Products Exports 1999
      • Canada 1%
      • Mexico 3%
      • South America 1%
      • EU-15 88%
      • Asia 6%
      • (Japan) (2%)
    • U.S. Soybean Use 1999
      • Exports 31%
      • Crush 61%
      • Seed & Residual 8%
    • U.S. Soybean Exports 1999
      • Canada 1%
      • Mexico 15%
      • South America 1%
      • EU-15 26%
      • Asia 52%
      • (Japan) (16%)
    • U.S. Soybean Meal Exports 1999
      • Canada 13%
      • Mexico 2%
      • South America 15%
      • EU-15 7%
      • Asia 33%
      • (Japan) (4%)
    • Many Europeans uneasy about biotechnology
      • Strong environmental movement
    • Many Europeans uneasy about biotechnology
      • Strong environmental movement
      • No coherent regulatory system
    • Many Europeans uneasy about biotechnology
      • Strong environmental movement
      • No coherent regulatory system
      • Weak public trust in government since mad cow disease
    • Many Europeans uneasy about biotechnology
      • Strong environmental movement
      • No coherent regulatory system
      • Weak public trust in government since mad cow disease
      • EU consumers perceive no benefits with potential risk
    • Many Europeans uneasy about agricultural biotechnology
      • Strong environmental movement
      • No coherent regulatory system
      • Weak public trust in government since mad cow disease
      • EU consumers perceive no benefits with potential risk
      • Protectionist farm policies
    • Many Europeans uneasy about agricultural biotechnology
      • Strong environmental movement
      • No coherent regulatory system
      • Weak public trust in government since mad cow disease
      • EU consumers perceive no benefits with potential risk
      • Protectionist farm policies
      • Strong support for labeling
    • Geographic diversity in views
      • Least support in Austria, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, and Luxembourg
    • Geographic diversity in views
      • Least support in Austria, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, and Luxembourg
      • More support in Portugal, Spain, Belgium, Finland, and Greece
    • U.S. Consumer Attitudes towards Food Biotechnology
      • About 3/4 Americans have heard of biotechnology
    • U.S. Consumer Attitudes towards Food Biotechnology
      • About 3/4 Americans have heard of biotechnology
      • About 1 out of 3 consumers know that GMO foods are now in our supermarkets
    • U.S. Consumer Attitudes towards Food Biotechnology
      • About 3/4 would buy a GMO food if less pesticide use
    • U.S. Consumer Attitudes towards Food Biotechnology
      • About 3/4 would buy a GMO food if less pesticide use
      • About 3/4 support FDA labeling of biotechnology foods with health and nutrition information
    • Montreal Agreement
      • “ Precautionary principle”-allows refusal of import without scientific basis
    • Montreal Agreement
      • “ Precautionary principle”-allows refusal of import without scientific basis
      • Establishes Clearing House for GMO seeds
    • Montreal Agreement
      • “ Precautionary principle”-allows refusal of import without scientific basis
      • Establishes Clearing House for GMO seeds
      • Label “may contain” GMOs for food and feed
    • Montreal Agreement
      • “ Precautionary principle”-allows refusal of import without scientific basis
      • Establishes Clearing House for GMO seeds
      • Label “may contain” GMOs for food and feed
      • Segregation still likely until 2002 when negotiators must meet again
    • What should I consider before adopting GMO crops?
      • Technology fee
    • What should I consider before adopting GMO crops?
      • Technology fee
      • Probability of a pest problem
    • What should I consider before adopting GMO crops?
      • Technology fee
      • Probability of a pest problem
      • Per acre return of GMO vs non-GMO
    • What should I consider before adopting GMO crops?
      • Technology fee
      • Probability of a pest problem
      • Per acre return of GMO vs non-GMO
      • Is there a market?
    • What should I consider before adopting GMO crops?
      • Technology fee
      • Probability of a pest problem
      • Per acre return of GMO vs non-GMO
      • Is there a market?
      • Will I need to segregate the crop?
    • Should I adopt GMO crops in Indiana in 2000?
      • Bt corn?
        • No in most Indiana locations due to low probability of ECB infestation
          • ID-219 “Economics of Bt Corn”
    • Should I adopt GMO crops in Indiana in 2000?
      • Roundup soybeans?
        • Maybe, depending on weed pressure, soil erosion concerns, input costs, and expected markets
    • Your Questions