Overview of Promotion and Tenure in Academia and Industry


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Overview of Promotion and Tenure in Academia and Industry

  1. 1. Surprising and Not So Surprising Similarities and Differences 1 Richard E. Klabunde, Ph.D. Department of Biomedical Sciences Ohio University College of Osteopathic Medicine Athens, Ohio
  2. 2.  Professional Growth  Career Paths for Biomedical Scientists • Academic institutions • Non-academic institutions  Promotion vs. Tenure 2
  3. 3. Job vs. Career Career Goals Early Career Choices 3
  4. 4.  Most scientists want a professional career, not just a job and paycheck  Scientists by nature possess a natural curiosity and desire for discovery  Scientists work hard and are willing to sacrifice • Begins with commitment to many years of education and training • Continues throughout career 4
  5. 5.  Career goals need to be: • Clearly defined, yet flexible • Consistent with who you are and what you value  Do you want freedom to be creative in what you do?  How important is job security?  How important are your interests outside of “work”? • Achievable (i.e., realistic) 5
  6. 6.  The choice you make for your “first job” significantly affects your career path • e.g., Small liberal arts college vs. medical school vs. drug company • Your choice needs to align with your strengths and passions  Your progress and accomplishments during the first several years of your first job generally sets the stage for your long-term career growth 6
  7. 7. Academic institutions Non-academic institutions 7
  8. 8.  Types • Colleges and universities (undergraduate vs. graduate) • Medical and other professional schools  Faculty vs. administrative tracks • Faculty → Tenured Faculty • Faculty → Tenured Faculty + Administrators (e.g., department chairs, curriculum directors) • Faculty → Tenured Faculty → Administrators 8
  9. 9.  Types • Pharmaceutical & medical device • Contract research organizations • Private research institutes and hospitals • Government (e.g., NIH, NSF, FDA, USDA)  Research vs. management tracks • Advancement often comes with increased management responsibilities (e.g., team leadership) • Scientific management taken from ranks of proven senior scientists 9
  10. 10. What is the difference? Academic vs. non-academic institutions 10
  11. 11.  Promotion is an advancement in rank based on contributions to the institution (and beyond) as well as years of service • e.g., assistant professor → associate professor • e.g., junior scientist → senior scientist  Tenure • A recognition by the academic institution that an individual has achieved a high level of productivity and recognition as a scholar and teacher • Tenure provides a high degree of academic freedom and job security by the institution with the expectation that the individual will remain a productive scholar and teacher for life 11
  12. 12.  Typical progression  Teaching, research and service are evaluated • Relative weight depends on the institution  e.g., research university vs. liberal arts college  Evidence of accomplishments • Teaching evaluations & awards, publications, grants, institutional committees, service to professional societies • Internal and external evaluations required  The above will be described in detail by Drs. Walters and Geist 12 Assist Prof (non-tenured) Assoc Prof (tenured) Full Prof (tenured) P&T P&T
  13. 13.  Example of career progression  No tenure!  Based on research and personnel management • Research reports/publications, patents  Quality and quantity  Deadlines achieved • Collaborative and leadership skills are highly valued • Bottom-line: meeting corporate goals  The above will be described in detail by Dr. Alonso-Galicia 13 Scientist Sr. Scientist Research Fellow Sr. Research Fellow Management Tract
  14. 14.  Similarities include: • Requirement for research or scholarly activities • Promotion based on productivity and recognition • Administrative/management tracks  Differences include: • Tenure in academic institutions • Expectations for research and how research is assessed • Expectations for teaching and service • Institutional goals 14