NURS 1103 or HLSC 2613NURS 1103 or HLSC 2613
Course FacultyCourse Faculty
Larry HurstLarry Hurst
Main Objective:Main Objective:
Learn Medical TerminologyLearn Medical Terminology
New students to MedicalNew students to Medical
Terminology often bewilderedTerminology often bewildered
by strange spelling andby strange spelling and
Approximately 75% of MedicalApproximately 75% of Medical
Terms are based on eitherTerms are based on either
Greek or LatinGreek or Latin
Medical TerminologyMedical Terminology
ArteryArtery - The study of fine paintings.- The study of fine paintings.
BariumBarium - What you do when CPR fails.- What you do when CPR fails.
BenignBenign - What you are after you be eight.- What you are after you be eight.
ComaComa - A punctuation mark.- A punctuation mark.
MorbidMorbid - A higher offer.- A higher offer.
UrineUrine - opposite of you’re out.- opposite of you’re out.
TabletTablet - A small table.- A small table.
Course DescriptionCourse Description
AA studystudy ofof physiological systemsphysiological systems approach toapproach to
provide principles of medicalprovide principles of medical word buildingword building..
Provides medical vocabulary includingProvides medical vocabulary including
anatomy, physiology, systems, diagnosticanatomy, physiology, systems, diagnostic
testing and pharmacologytesting and pharmacology. This course is. This course is
appropriate for health care administration,appropriate for health care administration,
health science students such as nursing,health science students such as nursing,
dental hygiene, paramedics, and physicaldental hygiene, paramedics, and physical
therapy assisting; as well as court reportingtherapy assisting; as well as court reporting
and medical transcriptionist students.and medical transcriptionist students.
Course ObjectivesCourse Objectives
Apply basic principles of medical wordApply basic principles of medical word
Correctly pronounce medical terms.Correctly pronounce medical terms.
Define common medical terms.Define common medical terms.
Relate common medical terms toRelate common medical terms to humanhuman
anatomy and physiology; common diseaseanatomy and physiology; common disease
states, pharmacological categories andstates, pharmacological categories and
diagnostic testsdiagnostic tests..
Identify the medical terminology in medicalIdentify the medical terminology in medical
record reports.record reports.
16 Lessons16 Lessons
1.1. Basic Elements of a Medical WordBasic Elements of a Medical Word
2.2. Suffixes: Surgical, Diagnostic, etcSuffixes: Surgical, Diagnostic, etc
3.3. Suffixes: Adjective, Noun,Suffixes: Adjective, Noun,
5.5. Body StructureBody Structure
6.6. Integumentary SystemIntegumentary System
7.7. Gastrointestinal SystemGastrointestinal System
Lessons, continuedLessons, continued
8.8. Respiratory SystemRespiratory System
9.9. Cardiovascular SystemCardiovascular System
10.10. Blood, Lymph, and ImmuneBlood, Lymph, and Immune
11.11. Musculoskeletal SystemMusculoskeletal System
12.12. Genitourinary SystemGenitourinary System
13.13. Female Reproductive SystemFemale Reproductive System
14.14. Endocrine SystemEndocrine System
Lessons, continuedLessons, continued
15.15. Nervous SystemNervous System
16.16. Special SensesSpecial Senses
A Busy Course!A Busy Course!
Are you feeling likeAre you feeling like
a lot of informationa lot of information
is about to comeis about to come
your way?your way?
The answer isThe answer is
Now, lets beginNow, lets begin
Chapter 1Chapter 1
Basic Elements of Medical WordBasic Elements of Medical Word
Medical Dictionary UseMedical Dictionary Use
Look Up Unfamiliar Terms
Word Roots (WR)Word Roots (WR)
Usually derived form Greek or LatinUsually derived form Greek or Latin
Frequently indicates a body partFrequently indicates a body part
Most medical terms have one or moreMost medical terms have one or more
word rootsword roots
Examples of Word RoodsExamples of Word Roods
Greek Word Word Root
Kardia (heart) Cardi
Gaster (stomach) Gastr
Hepar (liver) Hepat
Nephros (kidney) Nephr
Osteon (bone) oste
Combining Form (CF) is a Word RootCombining Form (CF) is a Word Root
(WR) plus a vowel, usually an “o”(WR) plus a vowel, usually an “o”
Usually indicates a body partUsually indicates a body part
Combining Forms (CF)Combining Forms (CF)
Combining Forms ExamplesCombining Forms Examples
Cardi/ + o = cardi/oCardi/ + o = cardi/o heartheart
gastr/ + o = gastr/ogastr/ + o = gastr/o stomachstomach
hepat/ + o = hepat/ohepat/ + o = hepat/o liverliver
nephr/ + o = nephr/onephr/ + o = nephr/o kidneykidney
oste/ + o = oste/ooste/ + o = oste/o bonebone
Word EndingWord Ending
Suffix usually indicates a procedure,Suffix usually indicates a procedure,
condition, disease, or part of speechcondition, disease, or part of speech
Usually derived from Greek or LatinUsually derived from Greek or Latin
Examples of SuffixExamples of Suffix
jointjoint puncture puncture of a jointpuncture puncture of a joint
throac/o -tomy Thoracotomythroac/o -tomy Thoracotomy
chest incision incision of the chestchest incision incision of the chest
gastr/o -megaly Gastromegalygastr/o -megaly Gastromegaly
stomach enlargement enlargement of thestomach enlargement enlargement of the
Word element located at the beginningWord element located at the beginning
of a wordof a word
Changes the meaning of the wordChanges the meaning of the word
Usually indicates a number, time,Usually indicates a number, time,
position, direction, color, or sense ofposition, direction, color, or sense of
Examples of PrefixExamples of Prefix
A- mast -iaA- mast -ia
without breast conditionwithout breast condition
hyper- therm -iahyper- therm -ia
excessive heat conditionexcessive heat condition
intra- muscul -arintra- muscul -ar
in muscle relating toin muscle relating to
Basic Rule OneBasic Rule One
A WR (word root) is used before aA WR (word root) is used before a
suffix that begins with a vowel.suffix that begins with a vowel.
Scler/ + osis = sclerosisScler/ + osis = sclerosis
Basic Rule TwoBasic Rule Two
A combining vowel is used to link aA combining vowel is used to link a
WR to a suffix that begins with aWR to a suffix that begins with a
consonant and to link a WR to anotherconsonant and to link a WR to another
WR to form a compound wordWR to form a compound word
colon/o + scope = colonscopecolon/o + scope = colonscope
osteo/ o/ chondr/ itis =osteo/ o/ chondr/ itis =
Defining Medical WordsDefining Medical Words
First, define the suffix or endingFirst, define the suffix or ending
Second, define the prefix, or beginningSecond, define the prefix, or beginning
Third, define the middleThird, define the middle
Pronunciation GuidelinesPronunciation Guidelines
Ae and oeAe and oe
c and gc and g
e and ese and es