Medical Terminology


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Medical Terminology

  1. 1. NURS 1103 or HLSC 2613NURS 1103 or HLSC 2613 MedicalMedical TerminologyTerminology
  2. 2. WelcomeWelcome Course FacultyCourse Faculty Larry HurstLarry Hurst
  3. 3. Main Objective:Main Objective: Learn Medical TerminologyLearn Medical Terminology New students to MedicalNew students to Medical Terminology often bewilderedTerminology often bewildered by strange spelling andby strange spelling and pronunciation.pronunciation. Approximately 75% of MedicalApproximately 75% of Medical Terms are based on eitherTerms are based on either Greek or LatinGreek or Latin
  4. 4. Medical TerminologyMedical Terminology MispronunciationsMispronunciations ArteryArtery - The study of fine paintings.- The study of fine paintings. BariumBarium - What you do when CPR fails.- What you do when CPR fails. BenignBenign - What you are after you be eight.- What you are after you be eight. ComaComa - A punctuation mark.- A punctuation mark. MorbidMorbid - A higher offer.- A higher offer. UrineUrine - opposite of you’re out.- opposite of you’re out. TabletTablet - A small table.- A small table.
  5. 5. Course DescriptionCourse Description AA studystudy ofof physiological systemsphysiological systems approach toapproach to provide principles of medicalprovide principles of medical word buildingword building.. Provides medical vocabulary includingProvides medical vocabulary including anatomy, physiology, systems, diagnosticanatomy, physiology, systems, diagnostic testing and pharmacologytesting and pharmacology. This course is. This course is appropriate for health care administration,appropriate for health care administration, health science students such as nursing,health science students such as nursing, dental hygiene, paramedics, and physicaldental hygiene, paramedics, and physical therapy assisting; as well as court reportingtherapy assisting; as well as court reporting and medical transcriptionist students.and medical transcriptionist students.
  6. 6. Course ObjectivesCourse Objectives Apply basic principles of medical wordApply basic principles of medical word building.building. Correctly pronounce medical terms.Correctly pronounce medical terms. Define common medical terms.Define common medical terms. Relate common medical terms toRelate common medical terms to humanhuman anatomy and physiology; common diseaseanatomy and physiology; common disease states, pharmacological categories andstates, pharmacological categories and diagnostic testsdiagnostic tests.. Identify the medical terminology in medicalIdentify the medical terminology in medical record reports.record reports.
  7. 7. 16 Lessons16 Lessons 1.1. Basic Elements of a Medical WordBasic Elements of a Medical Word 2.2. Suffixes: Surgical, Diagnostic, etcSuffixes: Surgical, Diagnostic, etc 3.3. Suffixes: Adjective, Noun,Suffixes: Adjective, Noun, DiminutiveDiminutive 4.4. PrefixesPrefixes 5.5. Body StructureBody Structure 6.6. Integumentary SystemIntegumentary System 7.7. Gastrointestinal SystemGastrointestinal System
  8. 8. Lessons, continuedLessons, continued 8.8. Respiratory SystemRespiratory System 9.9. Cardiovascular SystemCardiovascular System 10.10. Blood, Lymph, and ImmuneBlood, Lymph, and Immune SystemsSystems 11.11. Musculoskeletal SystemMusculoskeletal System 12.12. Genitourinary SystemGenitourinary System 13.13. Female Reproductive SystemFemale Reproductive System 14.14. Endocrine SystemEndocrine System
  9. 9. Lessons, continuedLessons, continued 15.15. Nervous SystemNervous System 16.16. Special SensesSpecial Senses
  10. 10. A Busy Course!A Busy Course! Are you feeling likeAre you feeling like a lot of informationa lot of information is about to comeis about to come your way?your way? The answer isThe answer is YES.YES.
  11. 11. Now, lets beginNow, lets begin Chapter 1Chapter 1 Basic Elements of Medical WordBasic Elements of Medical Word
  12. 12. Medical Dictionary UseMedical Dictionary Use Look Up Unfamiliar Terms
  13. 13. Word Roots (WR)Word Roots (WR) Usually derived form Greek or LatinUsually derived form Greek or Latin Frequently indicates a body partFrequently indicates a body part Most medical terms have one or moreMost medical terms have one or more word rootsword roots
  14. 14. Examples of Word RoodsExamples of Word Roods Greek Word Word Root Kardia (heart) Cardi Gaster (stomach) Gastr Hepar (liver) Hepat Nephros (kidney) Nephr Osteon (bone) oste
  15. 15. Combining Form (CF) is a Word RootCombining Form (CF) is a Word Root (WR) plus a vowel, usually an “o”(WR) plus a vowel, usually an “o” Usually indicates a body partUsually indicates a body part Combining Forms (CF)Combining Forms (CF)
  16. 16. Combining Forms ExamplesCombining Forms Examples Cardi/ + o = cardi/oCardi/ + o = cardi/o heartheart gastr/ + o = gastr/ogastr/ + o = gastr/o stomachstomach hepat/ + o = hepat/ohepat/ + o = hepat/o liverliver nephr/ + o = nephr/onephr/ + o = nephr/o kidneykidney oste/ + o = oste/ooste/ + o = oste/o bonebone
  17. 17. SuffixesSuffixes Word EndingWord Ending Suffix usually indicates a procedure,Suffix usually indicates a procedure, condition, disease, or part of speechcondition, disease, or part of speech Usually derived from Greek or LatinUsually derived from Greek or Latin
  18. 18. Examples of SuffixExamples of Suffix Arthr/oArthr/o-centesis-centesis ArthrocentesisArthrocentesis jointjoint puncture puncture of a jointpuncture puncture of a joint throac/o -tomy Thoracotomythroac/o -tomy Thoracotomy chest incision incision of the chestchest incision incision of the chest gastr/o -megaly Gastromegalygastr/o -megaly Gastromegaly stomach enlargement enlargement of thestomach enlargement enlargement of the stomachstomach
  19. 19. PrefixesPrefixes Word element located at the beginningWord element located at the beginning of a wordof a word Changes the meaning of the wordChanges the meaning of the word Usually indicates a number, time,Usually indicates a number, time, position, direction, color, or sense ofposition, direction, color, or sense of negationnegation
  20. 20. Examples of PrefixExamples of Prefix A- mast -iaA- mast -ia without breast conditionwithout breast condition hyper- therm -iahyper- therm -ia excessive heat conditionexcessive heat condition intra- muscul -arintra- muscul -ar in muscle relating toin muscle relating to
  21. 21. Basic Rule OneBasic Rule One A WR (word root) is used before aA WR (word root) is used before a suffix that begins with a vowel.suffix that begins with a vowel. Scler/ + osis = sclerosisScler/ + osis = sclerosis
  22. 22. Basic Rule TwoBasic Rule Two A combining vowel is used to link aA combining vowel is used to link a WR to a suffix that begins with aWR to a suffix that begins with a consonant and to link a WR to anotherconsonant and to link a WR to another WR to form a compound wordWR to form a compound word colon/o + scope = colonscopecolon/o + scope = colonscope osteo/ o/ chondr/ itis =osteo/ o/ chondr/ itis = osteochondritisosteochondritis
  23. 23. Defining Medical WordsDefining Medical Words First, define the suffix or endingFirst, define the suffix or ending Second, define the prefix, or beginningSecond, define the prefix, or beginning Third, define the middleThird, define the middle
  24. 24. Pronunciation GuidelinesPronunciation Guidelines Ae and oeAe and oe c and gc and g e and ese and es chch II pnpn psps
  25. 25. End of Chapter OneEnd of Chapter One