New students to Medical Terminology often bewildered by strange spelling and pronunciation.
Approximately 75% of Medical Terms are based on either Greek or Latin
Medical Terminology Mispronunciations
Artery - The study of fine paintings.
Barium - What you do when CPR fails.
Benign - What you are after you be eight.
Coma - A punctuation mark.
Morbid - A higher offer.
Urine - opposite of you’re out.
Tablet - A small table.
A study of physiological systems approach to provide principles of medical word building . Provides medical vocabulary including anatomy, physiology, systems, diagnostic testing and pharmacology . This course is appropriate for health care administration, health science students such as nursing, dental hygiene, paramedics, and physical therapy assisting; as well as court reporting and medical transcriptionist students.
Apply basic principles of medical word building.
Correctly pronounce medical terms.
Define common medical terms.
Relate common medical terms to human anatomy and physiology; common disease states, pharmacological categories and diagnostic tests .
Identify the medical terminology in medical record reports.
1. Basic Elements of a Medical Word
2. Suffixes: Surgical, Diagnostic, etc
3. Suffixes: Adjective, Noun, Diminutive
5. Body Structure
6. Integumentary System
7. Gastrointestinal System
8. Respiratory System
9. Cardiovascular System
10. Blood, Lymph, and Immune Systems
11. Musculoskeletal System
12. Genitourinary System
13. Female Reproductive System
14. Endocrine System
15. Nervous System
16. Special Senses
A Busy Course!
Are you feeling like a lot of information is about to come your way?
The answer is YES.
Now, lets begin Chapter 1 Basic Elements of Medical Word
Medical Dictionary Use Look Up Unfamiliar Terms
Word Roots (WR)
Usually derived form Greek or Latin
Frequently indicates a body part
Most medical terms have one or more word roots
Examples of Word Roods
Combining Form (CF) is a Word Root (WR) plus a vowel, usually an “o”
Usually indicates a body part
Combining Forms (CF)
Combining Forms Examples
Cardi/ + o = cardi/o heart
gastr/ + o = gastr/o stomach
hepat/ + o = hepat/o liver
nephr/ + o = nephr/o kidney
oste/ + o = oste/o bone
Suffix usually indicates a procedure, condition, disease, or part of speech
Usually derived from Greek or Latin
Examples of Suffix
Arthr/o -centesis Arthrocentesis joint puncture puncture of a joint
throac/o -tomy Thoracotomy chest incision incision of the chest
gastr/o -megaly Gastromegaly stomach enlargement enlargement of the stomach
Word element located at the beginning of a word
Changes the meaning of the word
Usually indicates a number, time, position, direction, color, or sense of negation
Examples of Prefix
A- mast -ia without breast condition
hyper- therm -ia
excessive heat condition
intra- muscul -ar in muscle relating to
Basic Rule One
A WR (word root) is used before a suffix that begins with a vowel. Scler/ + osis = sclerosis
Basic Rule Two
A combining vowel is used to link a WR to a suffix that begins with a consonant and to link a WR to another WR to form a compound word colon/o + scope = colonscope osteo/ o/ chondr/ itis = osteochondritis