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Latvian Research System - PowerPoint Presentation


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  • 1. 1 LATVIAN RESEARCH SYSTEM Maija Bundule Department for Research, Technology and Innovation Ministry of Education and Science
  • 2. 2 Content • RTD institutional system in Latvia • The role of Governmental Institutions • Main policy documents • Funding mechanisms
  • 3. 3 RTD Structure in LATVIA *
  • 4. 4 PARLIAMENT (SAEIMA) Main Legal Act: The Low on Scientific Activity(19.05.2005.) Responsibilities of the Saeima • Adoption of the states` RTD strategy • Allocation of the budget for research and development
  • 5. 5 GOVERNMENT (The Cabinet of Ministers) • Makes decisions on the state research and technology policy; • Accepts rules and regulations in the area of science and research; • Makes decisions on the establishment, reorganising and abolishment of state research institutions; • Establishes, re-organizes and abolishes higher education • establishments; • Orders state research programmes; • Defines national research priorities for basic and applied • research.
  • 6. 6 The Ministry of Education and Science • Department for Research, Technology and Innovation • Drafting of laws and other legislative acts, their • harmonization with European legislation; • Working out and realization of state education and science policies; • Representation of the State interests in international arena • Distribution of the State budget in the areas of education and science; • Analysis of the statistical data on education and science, analytical reviews;
  • 7. 7 The Latvian Council of Science The Latvian Council of Science is a collegial body (public institution) of researchers that deals with science and research problems within the country; The Council was founded in 1990 by the Council of Ministers; Since 1999 it is working according to a special regulation of the Cabinet of Ministers “On the Latvian Council of Science”(updated in 2006).
  • 8. 8 The Latvian Council of Science • Makes conceptual proposals on science policy for the Cabinet of Ministers and the Ministry of Education and Science; • Makes proposals for the development of science and research priority areas; • Proposes the draft of the state science budget (for basic research) for the current year; • Elaborates on projects for decisions and legislative acts aimed at developing the organizational and financing system for science and research; • Organizes the evaluation and funding of basic and applied research projects; • Promotes cooperation and integration between research institutes and higher education institutions.
  • 9. 9 Expert commissions of the Latvian Council of Science Members of expert commissions are elected by scientists who are actively involved in the respective field (branch of science): 1) Natural sciences and mathematics; 2) Engineering and computer sciences; 3) Biology and medical sciences; 4) Agricultural, environmental, earth and wood sciences; 5) Social sciences and humanities
  • 10. 10 Main research and technology development policy documents • Guidelines for higher education, research and technology development for 2002-2010 (2001) • Single Programming Document (2003) • National Innovation Programme (2003) and its Action Plan for 2004-2006 • National Reform Plan for 2005-2008 (2005) • National Development Plan (to be adopted) • National Structural Implementing Document (2006) and Operational Programmes
  • 11. 11 Main research and technology development policy documents • The Law on Research Activities (2005) – Reorganization of the research institutional system – Integration of research in higher education system – New principles for research funding – Fulfilling of Barselona 3% target • Research and Technology Development White Book • Research and Technology Development Strategy
  • 12. 12 Guidelines for higher education, research and technology development for 2002-2010  Aims:  reorientation of Latvian research potential towards European and national priorities;  strengthening the leading role of universities as a basis for development of higher education, research and innovation;  renewal of research potential involving researchers in solving the actual economic, cultural and social problems. 
  • 13. 13 National Lisbon programme for 2005-2008, priority tasks • Ensure substantial growth of public investment in research and development to achieve that the mechanism for granting finances would ensure the attraction of private investment as much as possible; • Strengthen the leading role of higher educational establishments in the development of science and research; • Consolidate the intellectual potential of science and develop applied research in the areas of innovative technologies, create preconditions for scientific research in fields, which have adequate potential and development prospects.
  • 14. 14 Research priorities (2006-2009) • Biomedicine and pharmacy, • Information technologies, • Material sciences, • Forestry and wood processing technologies, • Energetic, • Environmental science (research on Baltic Sea), • Agrobiotechnology, • Medical science, • Letonics (Latvian culture, language and history)
  • 15. 15 State budget allocations for RTD • Fundamental and applied research projects • Market oriented research programme • Support for successful projects supported by EU RTD programmes • National research programmes (in compliance with research priorities) • EU Structural funds – Support for applied research projects – Modernisation of research infrastructure • Maintenance of research infrastructure