Do Non-linear Measures of Heart Rate Variability (HRV) Track ...

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Do Non-linear Measures of Heart Rate Variability (HRV) Track ...

  1. 1. US Army Institute of Surgical Research Fort Sam Houston, Texas The opinions or assertions contained herein are the private views of the authors and are not to be construed as official or as reflecting the views of the Department of the Army or the Department of Defense. C o m b a t C a s u a l t y C a r e P R O T E C T PRO J E C T - S U S T AIN T INSTITU T E O F S U R G I C A L R E S EARCH Being A Physiologist in a Military Lab Kathy L. Ryan, Ph.D. or “How I Found My Ideal Job in the Most Unlikely of Places”
  2. 2. USAISR My Background • 1989 – Ph.D., University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio (cardiovascular physiology) • 1989-1992 – Postdoctoral Fellowship (cardiovascular pharmacology) • 1992-1999 – Contractor, Brooks Air Force Base • 1999-2010 – Research Physiologist (GS), US Army Institute of Surgical Research
  3. 3. USAISR US Army Medical Research and Materiel Command (MRMC) Labs US Army Aeromedical Research Lab US Army Institute of Surgical Research US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine Walter Reed Army Institute of Research US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases US Army Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense Overseas Labs • USA Medical Research Unit – Europe • USA Research Unit – Kenya • Armed Forces Research institute of Medical Sciences (Thailand)
  4. 4. USAISR Environmental Hazards Heat and Cold Altitude Toxic Industrial Chemicals and Materials Systems Hazards RFR Laser Blast Biomechanical Insults and Stresses Operational Stressors Sleep Deprivation Traumatic Stress and Situational Stressors Physical Workload Cognitive Burden and Operational Complexity Endemic Disease Threats Parasitic Diseases Bacterial Diseases Viral Diseases Chemical/Biological WarfareThreats Bacterial Threats Viral Threats Toxin Threats Nerve Agents Vesicant Agents Blood Agents Combat Injuries Hemorrhage Tissue Injury and Trauma Resuscitation Medical Devices Clinical Research Focus on Threats to Soldier Health and Performance US Army Medical Research and Materiel Command (MRMC) Research Focus
  5. 5. USAISR US Army Institute of Surgical Research (ISR) • Current Task Areas (i.e., research teams) – Advanced Capabilities for Emergency Medical Monitoring – Combat Casualty Care Engineering – Clinical Trials – Damage Control Resuscitation (Hemostasis, Resuscitation, Blood Products) – Pain Management – Regenerative Medicine • Approx. 600 employees – 200 research personnel
  6. 6. USAISR Center for Excellence for Battlefield Health and Trauma Research • Current Task Areas (i.e., Research Teams) – Advanced Capabilities for Emergency Medical Monitoring – Combat Casualty Care Engineering – Clinical Trials – Damage Control Resuscitation (Hemostasis, Resuscitation, Blood Products) – Pain Management – Regenerative Medicine • By 2011 – Dental Research (Army, Navy, Air Force) – Eye Injury Research (Army, Air Force) – Combat Casualty Care Research (Army, Navy, Air Force)
  7. 7. USAISR Types of Scientists • ISR – Physiologists – Pharmacologists – Molecular biologists – Cell biologists – Geneticists – Biochemists – Statisticians – Biomedical engineers – MDs and DDSs (clinical research) • MRMC – Virologists – Bacteriologists – Epidemiologists – Psychologists – Biophysicists – Nutritionists – And others….
  8. 8. USAISR Employment Opportunities • Active Duty Military* • Department of Defense Civilian * – No tenure, but “permanent” status • Contractor – University – Private contracting company • Postdoctoral Fellow – National Research Council (NRC) – University • Student Interns – Graduate, if establish through university – Undergraduate * Must be US citizen
  9. 9. USAISR Skills Needed for a Civilian Scientist in the US Army • Research expertise – Basic science – Applied: “real world” • Team player with strong desire to collaborate • Function in structured environment • Ability to communicate: written and oral • Willingness to learn new “skills” (e.g., Contracting/budgeting) • Perform under pressure – “suspense” – “taskers”, briefings, reviews • DWA (“deal with acronyms!”)
  10. 10. USAISR Academia 30% 10% 30% 30% Teaching Administrative Grants/ Funding Research Comparison of Responsibilities 1% 10% 9% 80% US Gov’t/Army Zambraski, E., with permission
  11. 11. USAISR Research Funding • Core funding – 1 grant proposal/3 yrs • Extramural funding – NIH, Defense Health Program, etc. – Encouraged, not required • Industry partnerships
  12. 12. USAISR Personal Funding • Permanent position salaries – Competitive – Excellent benefits $K Data redrawn from 2009 Salary Survey by The Scientist (www.the-scientist.com/salarysurvey) • Postdoctoral Fellowship salaries – NRC at ISR: $45,000 + $2000 travel + benefits – NIH minimum: $37,368
  13. 13. USAISR State-of-the-Art Facilities and Equipment • AAALAC-certified animal research programs • End of year funding – Lab equipment – Software
  14. 14. USAISR Teamwork Univ of Massachusetts Michigan State Univ Dartmouth College Univ of Miami Mass General Hospital Univ of California - Irvine Mayo Clinic Virginia Commonwealth Univ Univ of Colorado Univ of Minnesota Univ of Cincinnati Univ of Texas at San Antonio Southwest Foundation for Biomed Res Photo of Laboratory
  15. 15. USAISR A Sense of Mission • Research focus – “Real-world” problems • Service – To institute – To country • Job Satisfaction
  16. 16. USAISR Army Science – “…The Bad, The Ugly” • Bureaucracy – “There’s the right way, and then there’s the Army way” – Extensive laws, rules and regulations – Approval processes – System to madness • Extreme computer security • Less flexible work hours – Time cards (40 hrs/wk) – Workday starts early
  17. 17. USAISR Comparison Academia US Army Salaries + + Appointments Tenure Contract/Term/Perm Choice of Res. Topics +/- +/- Flexibility in Work Hrs + - Resources - ++ Bureaucracy + - Publishing + + Meetings/Travel - + Sense of Mission + ++
  18. 18. USAISR March 25, 2008: “ > 40% of the Army’s science workforce are eligible for retirement within the next 10 years.” MG George Weightman Army science workforce ~ 8,000+ Other DoD branches (Navy, Air Force) real numbers but much smaller Are there Science Jobs?
  19. 19. USAISR Finding Jobs Within US Army • Formal government job announcements – Websites: • http://www.usajobs.gov/ • http://www.cpol.army.mil/ • http://sites.nationalacademies.org/pga/rap/ • Interactions as professionals – Meetings/conferences – Societies/Editorial Boards • Interaction as collaborators • Direct inquiries and contact with Army investigators
  20. 20. USAISR Combat CasualtyCombat Casualty CareCare Research for theResearch for the SoldierSoldier Thank you! kathy.ryan@amedd.army.mil

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