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  • 1. A Plan to Construct
    a Rare Isotope Accelerator Facility
    KoRIA
    S. W. Hong
    Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU)
    On behalf of Conceptual Design Project Team
  • 2. Accelerators in Korea
    1. Pohang Light Source
    2.5 GeVelectron LINAC: Material and bio sciences
    2. KIRAMS (Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences)
    18 Cyclotrons (50 MeV, 30 MeV 0.6mA, 13 MeV): RI production
    3. KIGAM(Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources)
    0.5 ~ 2 MeVVan de Graaf: Material sciences
    4. Seoul National University
    3MV Tandetron: AMS
    5. PEFP KAERI (Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute)
    100 MeV20mA proton LINAC
    6. National Cancer Center
    235 MeVProton Cyclotron: Proton therapy
  • 3. Heavy Ion Accelerator
    KoRIA
    in the context of
    International Science & Business Belt
    (ISBB)
  • 4. International Science & Business Belt (ISBB)
    - Science project of the present administration -
    Basic Science Institute
    Heavy Ion Accelerator (for RIB)
    Science
    Cutting Edge Science
    International
    International Environment
    Globalization of Science
    Science to Business &
    Knowledge Industry
    Science Business Network Center
    Business
    Creative City of Science & Culture
    Regional Science Belt
    Belt Formation &
    Synergy
    Belt
  • 5. Structure of Planning of ISBB
    Ministry of
    Education, Science & Technology
    Department of
    International Science & Business Belt
    KISTEP
    KISTEP
    KIET
    KRIHS
    SKKU
    STEPI
    KBSI
    Basic Science Institute
    Recruitment of Human Resources & International Laboratories
    Science Business
    Impact
    on Local Economy
    Heavy Ion Accelerator
    Space Program
    Large Facilities
  • 6. Status
    • Feb. 2008: Int’l Science & Business Belt (ISBB) Team was formed
    in the Ministry of Education, Science & Technology
    • Jan. 2009: ‘General plan’ for ISBB was announced by
    National Council of Science and Technology
    (Chair: President) with a total budget: ~ 3 B USD
    • May 2010: ‘Basic plan’ is submitted to the Ministry.
    • 7. A special law for the project is submitted to the National Assembly.
  • Basic Science Institute
    Basic Science Institute
    International Advisory Committee
    Belt Network Promotion Center
    Intellectual Property Right Strategy Center
    Heavy Ion Accelerator Lab
    Basic Science Research Center
    Branches of Centers
    Science Business Center
    Budget : ~3 B$
  • 8. A plan was … to put all these in SeJong City
    CHINA
    KOREA
    Seoul
    SeJong City
    JAPAN
  • 9. Design of SejongCity
    High-tech & Green industry ZONE
    Global ZONE
    Heavy-Ion Accelerator
    Research & Venture ZONE
    University & Research ZONE
    Commercial & Culture ZONE
  • 10. Disapproved!
    By National Assembly
    June 29, 2010
  • 11. After the negative decision of the National Assembly…
    The MEST is planning to pursue the accelerator project separately as an independent science project.
  • 12. KoRIA
    Name of the facility
    - In Korea we just call it "Heavy Ion Accelerator".- A tentative name that scientists use: "KoRIA“.
    (Korea Rare Isotope Accelerator).- The official name needs further discussions.
    Proposed Construction Budget : ~ 0.45 BUSD
    Design and R&D: 2009 ~ 2012
    Construction: 2012 ~ 2016
    Conceptual design project started in April, 2010.
  • 13. Some Ideas of KoRIA
    Multipurpose
    Two dirvers (Cyclotron & LINAC)
    Both ISOL & In Flight Fragmentation
    (In Flight Fragmentation after ISOL: more exotic beams)
    Start from scratch
  • 14. Multipurpose Facility
    Nuclear Physics and Nuclear Astrophysics
    Material Science using stable HI & RIB
    Bio and Medical Sciences with HI & RIB
    Atomic Physics & Fundamental Symmetry
    Nuclear Data Production for Energy
    Nuclear Fusion (Plasma)
    Isotope production?
  • 15. Loop 1
    • Driver: Cyclotron
    H: 70 MeV, ~1mA, D: 35 MeV, ~100μA
    • ISOL (Isotope Separation On Line) to produce RIB
    Energy range of RIB:~ 15 MeV/u
    • Main application fields: Nuclear/Atomic/Materials/Bio/Medical Science
  • 1
    High Intensity H- orD- cyclotron
    K~100, ~1mA
    Material/Bio/Medical
    Science
    A

    Dual Beam
    CB-ECR
    ED ( Electric Dipole)
    (1~3) MeV/n
    ISOL/Target – Ion Source
    L1
    L2
    RFQ
    ~300 keV/u
    ~10 MeV/u
    ~15 MeV/u
    B
    Nuclear
    astrophysics
    Post Accelerator for RIB (50 %)
    & Stable Heavy Ion Accelerator (50 %) + H, D, He irradiation
    - Maximum energy ~10MeV/n, Bio- 15MeV/n
    Block 1
  • 16. Loop 2
    • Add an ECR Ion Source
    • 17. Acceleration of stable heavy ions up to energies of ~ 15 MeV/u
    • 18. Main application fields: Nuclear/Atomic/Materials/Bio/Medical Science
    • 19. Weighted time-sharing beam operation
  • 2
    High Intensity H- orD- cyclotron
    K~100, ~1mA
    Material/Bio/Medical
    Science
    A

    Dual Beam

    CB-ECR
    ED ( Electric Dipole)
    (1~3) MeV/n
    ISOL/Target – Ion Source
    L1
    L2
    RFQ
    ~300 keV/u
    ~10 MeV/u
    ~15 MeV/u
    ECRIS
    (stable HI beam)
    B
    Nuclear
    astrophysics
    Post Accelerator for RIB (50 %)
    & Stable Heavy Ion Accelerator (50 %) + H, D, He irradiation
    - Maximum energy ~10MeV/n, Bio- 15MeV/n
    Block 1
  • 20. Loop 3
    • Add SC LINAC for accelerating heavy ions up to 200 MeV/u (U) and
    fragment separators
    on top of the previous configuration
    • Driver: Cyclotron
    H: 70 MeV, ~1mA, D: 35 MeV, ~100μA
    • ISOL (Isotope Separation On Line)
    Energy range of RIB:0.0 ~ a couple of hundred MeV/u
    • Main application fields: Nuclear asymmetry energy
    Possibility of producing very exotic nuclei?
  • 21. 3
    High Intensity H- orD- cyclotron
    K~100, ~1mA
    200 MeV/u
    100 MeV/u
    Feed in RI beam
    (Produced by ISOL)
    Material/Bio/Medical
    Science
    A

    Dual Beam


    CB-ECR
    ED ( Electric Dipole)
    Dispersive
    RI catcher (RIC)
    Fragmentation Type
    (1~3) MeV/n
    ISOL/Target – Ion Source
    L1
    L2
    RFQ
    ~100 keV/u
    ~10 MeV/u
    ~15 MeV/u
    ECRIS
    (stable HI beam)
    ★ Material/Bio/Medical science
    • H, (D) cyclotron K~100 ~1 mA
    • 22. ISOL RIB – probe
    • 23. In-Flight RIC
    • 24. Stable Heavy Ion Beam (ECR IS)
    B
    Nuclear
    astrophysics
    Trap, Mass Measurement,
    Laser spectroscopy

    Degrader
    Gas cell Ion Guide
    ① * High Energy RI(B)
    (In-Flight) ~150 MeV/n
    * Low energy (RIB)
    ② Isol based RIB
    Gas Catcher Based RIB
    15~20 MeV/n
    ④ In-Flight
    Stopped RIB
     Laser spectroscopy
    (Mass measurement)
    Post Accelerator for RIB (50 %)
    & Stable Heavy Ion Accelerator (50 %) + H, D, He irradiation
    - Maximum energy ~10MeV/n, Bio- 15MeV/n
    Block 1
    Block 2
    Multi-purpose
    Spectrometer
    107 p/s

  • 25. Loop 4
    • Using the same configuration, but
    by acceleration stable heavy ions from ECR ion source
    up to ~ 200 MeV/u (U)
    • In-flight fragmentation method
    • 26. Main application fields: Nuclear Physics
  • 4
    High Intensity H- orD- cyclotron
    K~100, ~1mA
    200 MeV/u
    100 MeV/u

    Feed in RI beam
    (Produced by ISOL)
    Material/Bio/Medical
    Science
    A

    Dual Beam


    CB-ECR
    ED ( Electric Dipole)
    Dispersive
    RI catcher (RIC)
    Fragmentation Type
    (1~3) MeV/n
    ISOL/Target – Ion Source
    L1
    L2
    RFQ
    ~300 keV/u
    ~10 MeV/u
    ~15 MeV/u
    ECRIS
    (stable HI beam)
    ★ Material/Bio/Medical science
    • H, (D) cyclotron K~100 ~1 mA
    • 27. ISOL RIB – probe
    • 28. In-Flight RIC
    • 29. Stable Heavy Ion Beam (ECR IS)
    B
    Nuclear
    astrophysics
    Trap, Mass Measurement,
    Laser spectroscopy

    Degrader
    Gas cell Ion Guide
    ① * High Energy RI(B)
    (In-Flight) ~150 MeV/n
    * Low energy (RIB)
    ② Isol based RIB
    Gas Catcher Based RIB
    15~20 MeV/n
    ④ In-Flight
    Stopped RIB
     Laser spectroscopy
    (Mass measurement)
    Post Accelerator for RIB (50 %)
    & Stable Heavy Ion Accelerator (50 %) + H, D, He irradiation
    - Maximum energy ~10MeV/n, Bio- 15MeV/n
    Block 1
    Block 2
    Multi-purpose
    Spectrometer
    107 p/s

  • 30. Loop 5
    • Add another ECR Ion Source and SC LINAC
    • 31. Acceleration of stable heavy ions up to energies of ~ 200 MeV/u (U)
    • 32. In-flight fragmentation method
    • 33. Main application fields: Nuclear Physics
  • 5
    High Intensity H- orD- cyclotron
    K~100, ~1mA
    (U35+ 350μA 이상) Xe20+ (500 μA 이상)
    (A/q=6.8)
    28GHz
    SC-ECR
    15 MeV/u
    200 MeV/u
    100 MeV/u
    Future
    Extension
    • production
    Medical application

    Feed in RI beam
    (Produced by ISOL)
    H2+
    D+
    Material/Bio/Medical
    Science
    A

    Dual Beam


    CB-ECR
    ED ( Electric Dipole)
    Dispersive
    RI catcher (RIC)
    Fragmentation Type
    (1~3) MeV/n
    ISOL/Target – Ion Source
    L1
    L2
    RFQ
    ~300 keV/u
    ~10 MeV/u
    ~15 MeV/u
    ECRIS
    (stable HI beam)
    ★ Material/Bio/Medical science
    • H, (D) cyclotron K~100, ~1 mA
    • 34. ISOL RIB – probe
    • 35. In-Flight RIC
    • 36. Stable Heavy Ion Beam (ECR IS)
    B
    Nuclear
    astrophysics
    Trap, Mass Measurement,
    Laser spectroscopy

    Degrader
    Gas cell Ion Guide
    ① * High Energy RI(B)
    (In-Flight) ~150 MeV/n
    * Low energy (RIB)
    ② Isol based RIB
    Gas Catcher Based RIB
    15~20 MeV/n
    ④ In-Flight
    Stopped RIB
     Laser spectroscopy
    (Mass measurement)
    Post Accelerator for RIB (50 %)
    & Stable Heavy Ion Accelerator (50 %) + H, D, He irradiation
    - Maximum energy ~10MeV/n, Bio- 15MeV/n
    Block 1
    Block 2
    Block 3
    Multi-purpose
    Spectrometer
    107 p/s

  • 37. Loop 6
    • Simultaneous runs of “Block 1” and “Block 2 & 3”
    • 38. Simultaneous runs of ISOL and In-flight fragmentation
    • 39. Full run
  • 6
    High Intensity H- orD- cyclotron
    K~100, ~1mA
    (U35+ 350μA 이상) Xe20+ (500 μA 이상)
    (A/q=6.8)
    28GHz
    SC-ECR
    15 MeV/u
    200 MeV/u
    100 MeV/u
    Future
    Extension
    • production
    Medical application

    Feed in RI beam
    (Produced by ISOL)
    H2+
    D+
    Material/Bio/Medical
    Science
    A

    Dual Beam


    CB-ECR
    ED ( Electric Dipole)
    Dispersive
    RI catcher (RIC)
    Fragmentation Type
    (1~3) MeV/n
    ISOL/Target – Ion Source
    L1
    L2
    RFQ
    ~300 keV/u
    ~10 MeV/u
    ~15 MeV/u
    ECRIS
    (stable HI beam)
    ★ Material/Bio/Medical science
    • H, (D) cyclotron K~100, ~1 mA
    • 40. ISOL RIB – probe
    • 41. In-Flight RIC
    • 42. Stable Heavy Ion Beam (ECR IS)
    B
    Nuclear
    astrophysics
    Trap, Mass Measurement,
    Laser spectroscopy

    Degrader
    Gas cell Ion Guide
    ① * High Energy RI(B)
    (In-Flight) ~150 MeV/n
    * Low energy (RIB)
    ② Isol based RIB
    Gas Catcher Based RIB
    15~20 MeV/n
    ④ In-Flight
    Stopped RIB
     Laser spectroscopy
    (Mass measurement)
    Post Accelerator for RIB (50 %)
    & Stable Heavy Ion Accelerator (50 %) + H, D, He irradiation
    - Maximum energy ~10MeV/n, Bio- 15MeV/n
    Block 1
    Block 2
    Block 3
    Multi-purpose
    Spectrometer
    107 p/s

  • 43. Loop 7
    • Another ISOL method to produce RIB by accelerating p or d through the SC LINAC
    • 44. Main application fields: Nuclear/Atomic/Materials/Bio/Medical Science
  • 7
    High Intensity H- orD- cyclotron
    K~100, ~1mA
    (U35+ 350μA 이상) Xe20+ (500 μA 이상)
    (A/q=6.8)
    28GHz
    SC-ECR
    15 MeV/u
    200 MeV/u
    100 MeV/u
    Future
    Extension
    • production
    Medical application

    Feed in RI beam
    (Produced by ISOL)
    H2+
    D+
    Material/Bio/Medical
    Science
    A

    Dual Beam


    CB-ECR
    ED ( Electric Dipole)
    Dispersive
    RI catcher (RIC)
    Fragmentation Type
    (1~3) MeV/n
    ISOL/Target – Ion Source
    L1
    L2
    RFQ
    ~300 keV/u
    ~10 MeV/u
    ~15 MeV/u
    ECRIS
    (stable HI beam)
    ★ Material/Bio/Medical science
    • H, (D) cyclotron K~100, ~1 mA
    • 45. ISOL RIB – probe
    • 46. In-Flight RIC
    • 47. Stable Heavy Ion Beam (ECR IS)
    B
    Nuclear
    astrophysics
    Trap, Mass Measurement,
    Laser spectroscopy

    Degrader
    Gas cell Ion Guide
    ① * High Energy RI(B)
    (In-Flight) ~150 MeV/n
    * Low energy (RIB)
    ② Isol based RIB
    Gas Catcher Based RIB
    15~20 MeV/n
    ④ In-Flight
    Stopped RIB
     Laser spectroscopy
    (Mass measurement)
    Post Accelerator for RIB (50 %)
    & Stable Heavy Ion Accelerator (50 %) + H, D, He irradiation
    - Maximum energy ~10MeV/n, Bio- 15MeV/n
    Block 1
    Block 2
    Block 3
    Multi-purpose
    Spectrometer
    107 p/s

  • 48. Letters of Intent
    Call for letters of intent only within Korea in 2009.
    83 LoI’s are received.
  • 49. Areas of interests
    Nuclear Fusion/Plasma
    Atomic
    Physics
    Technoloby Development (Laser/Detector)
    Safety
    Nuclear Energy/Nuclear Data
    4%
    5%
    8%
    12%
    6%
    Medical Science
    8%
    22%
    Nuclear Physics
    15%
    5%
    15%
    Bio Science
    Nuclear-Astrophysics
    Material Science
  • 50. Who submitted LoI?
    Overseas
    6%
    35%
    59%
    Universities
    National labs
  • 51. Conceptual Design Project
    Budget: ~ 1.5M $
    Period : April ~ November, 2010
    Manpower : ~ 150 persons
    8
    65
    Industry
    79
    Labs
    36
    Universities
    MS/BS
    116
    Ph.D.
  • 52. National Research Foundation
    Domestic Advisory Committee
    KoRIA
    CD Project
    (SKKU)
    InternationalAdvisory Committee
    Technical Review Committee
    Accelerator System
    (~ 40)
    Instrumentation and users group
    (~70)
    Project Management
    (~ 30)
    BeamPhysics
    Beam Diagnostics
    Administration
    Multipurpose spectrometer
    Safety issues
    Ion Source
    RF system
    Nuclear data measurement
    Industry
    RFQ
    Global control
    SC Linac
    Cryogenics
    Bio/Medical Sciences
    Cyclotron
    Radiation Safety
    Precision mass measurement
    International Cooperation
    Beamlines : ISOL/ IFF
    Conventional system
    Fundamental symmetries (Trap)
    Public Relations
    Materials sciences
    ….
  • 53. Preliminary Layout
    200 MeV/u, 2pμA
    Cyclotron
    ISOL
    Block II
    Fragment
    Separator
    SCL + Fragmentation
    Stripper
    ~15 MeV/u
    Block I [Unstable RI beam]
    Cyclotron + ISOL + RFQ + SCL
    Block III [Stable heavy ion beam]
    SC ECR IS + RFQ + SCL
  • 54. Ion Source
    Cyclotron
    Ion Source
    ISOL
    RFQ
    Charge
    Breeder
    Beam Extraction
    System
    ECR IS
    28GHz
    SC ECR IS
    SCL
    RFQ
    Magnet /
    Plasma Chamber
    Microwave/ Gas
    Injection Port
    14 GHz ECR Ion Source
  • 55. Cyclotron
    ISOL
    Target
    Cyclotron
    Charge
    Breeder
    8 MeV Injector
    Cyclotron
    RFQ
    ECR IS
    • 4 Sector Magnet
    • 56. Deep Valley
    • 57. 4 th Harmonics
    • 58. Expected Beam Intensity 1 mA
    K100 SSC Booster
  • 59. RFQ Linac
    ISOL
    Cyclotron
    RF Power
    Amplifier
    ECR IS
    RFQ
    3-D Modelingcavity
  • 60. SC Linac
    200 MeV/u SC LINAC
    280 MHz HWR
    15 MeV/u SC LINAC
    70 MHz QWR
    15 MeV/u SC LINAC
    70 MHz QWR
  • 61. SC Linac
    QWR for low-energy linac
    1 m
    HWR for high-energy linac
    Beam
    axis
    βG = 0.041,
    fres= 70 MHz
    βG = 0.085,
    fres= 70 MHz
    βG = 0.285,
    fres= 280 MHz
    βG = 0.53,
    fres= 280 MHz
  • 62. What we need
    Technology
    Human resources
    To make this facility unique and complementary to other facilities existing or under construction
    - Welcome your suggestion
    Synergies through international collaboration
    - MoU: CERN, ISOLDE Collaboration, HIE-ISOLDE, PSI,
    - Individual: ANL, ORNL, MSU, FNAL, TRIUMF, RIKEN, GANIL, and others
    - KoRIA was an agenda for Korea-US Joint Committee Meeting on Science and Technology Cooperation (June 14~15)
    Budget
    International support
  • 63. Summary
    We want this facility to be designed as an international users’ facility from the initial stage.
    International collaboration is essential.
    We are open for international collaboration and discussions to improve the very preliminary conceptual schematic diagram.
    R&D studies on the “instrumentation” is part of the conceptual design project.
    A Workshop will be held in Korea in Oct 1~2, 2010 as
    the 2ndANPhA (Asian Nuclear Physics Association) Symposium.
  • 64. Things may look cloudy and uncertain now….
  • 65. Thank you
  • 66. Thank you
    44