The Great Wall began 2,000 years ago during the Qin dynasty (221-207 BC), when China was unified under Emperor Qin Shihuang. It is comprised of separate walls, constructed by independent kingdoms designed to keep out marauding nomads.
The effort required hundreds of thousands of workers, many of them political prisoners, and 10 years of hard labour under General Meng Tian to complete.
An estimated 180 million cubic metres of rammed earth were used to form the core of the original wall, and legend has it that one of the building materials used was the bodies of deceased workers.
Although the wall never fully functioned as an effective line of defense, it did serve as pathway by which men and equipment could be transported across the mountainous terrain.
The Forbidden City is the largest and best-preserved cluster of ancient buildings in China. It once housed the imperial residences of the Ming and Qing dynasties as well as their eunuchs, consorts, concubines, and servants.
The basic layout of the city was designed between 1406 and 1420. It is estimated that over one million laborers were used to construct it.
Most of the buildings in the Forbidden City are post-18 th century. Fires were often deliberately set by court eunuchs and officials who could gain from the cost of repairs.
Tiantan was originally used as a vast stage during the Ming and Qing dynasties for solemn rites performed by the Son of Heaven who came here to pray for good harvests, seek divine clearance and atone for the sins of the people.
Despite its historical importance and architecture, Tiantan park still functions as a park where people perform taijiquan, dance to western music and people meet to play games.
The Lama Temple was declared a major historical relic in 1949. It survived the Great Cultural Revolution with very few scars.
In 1979, the Chinese government spent a lot of money on its repair, and hired many new novices from Inner Mongolia to study Tibetan language and the secret practices of the Gelukpa sect. As a result, it is called “a symbol of religious freedom, national unity and stability in China.”
The lamasery includes five main halls, each one taller than the preceding one.
The Final Pavilion houses a 18m-high statue of the Maitreya Buddha in his Tibetan form, clothed in yellow satin and said to have been sculpted from a single piece of sandalwood .
Beihai Park is one of the best examples of a classical garden found in China. The White Dagoba was erected in 1651 for a visit by the Dalai Lama.
Please note that in general, it is not correct to take pictures of Buddhas according to Buddhism in China. I found these pictures on the internet because the statues are absolutely amazingly high and interesting to see.