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Colon Cancer Simple
 

Colon Cancer Simple

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    Colon Cancer Simple Colon Cancer Simple Presentation Transcript

    • A PRESENTATION ON COLON CANCER
    • COLONG
      • Members Name:
        • Phang Zi Feng
        • Shen Yizhe
        • Wong Jian Kun Vincent
        • Chow Hao Wen Samuel
        • Syukri Omar BinTalib
    • WHAT IS CANCER?
      • Cancer is the second-leading cause of death in the United States
        • develops when cells in a part of your body begin to grow out of control
        • Cancer cells can sometimes travel to other parts of the body where they then begin to grow and replace normal tissue
        • Cancer cells develop because of damage to DNA
        • Cancer cells usually form a tumour
        • Different types of cancer behave differently
    • WHAT IS COLORECTAL CANCER?
      • is the second-leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States
      • occurs most frequently in men and women > 50
      • usually develops slowly over several years
      • is cancer that develops in the colon or the rectum
      • The walls of the colon and rectum have several layers of tissue
      • The colon has 4 sections
    • A PICTURE OF THE COLON OR THE LARGE INTESTINE
    • SYMPTOMS OF COLON CANCER
      • The most common is rectal bleeding
      • Chronic bleeding may result in iron deficiency anaemia, which may cause fatigue and pale skin
      • These are the likely symptoms:
        • pooping more or less often
        • stool is thinner than usual
        • stomach cramping or bloating
        • bright red blood in or on poop
        • unexplained weight loss
        • constantly feel tired
        • feel gassy
        • Low iron content in blood (anaemia) etc
    • WHAT CAUSES COLORECTAL CANCER
      • Family history of colorectal cancer
      • A personal history of colorectal cancer
      • Having had colorectal cancer
      • Age > 50
      • Diet:
        • A diet high in fat, especially fat from animal sources
      • Lack of exercise
      • Overweight
      • Smokers are 30% to 40% > likely to die of colorectal cancer
      • Heavy use of alcohol
    • PREVENTION OF COLORECTAL CANCER
      • Regular Screening or testing
      • Diet and exercise
      • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
      • Female hormones
      • Other factors:
        • strong family history of colorectal cancer
        • Genetic tests
        • People with familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP) should start colonoscopy during their teens
        • People with hereditary non-Polyposis colon cancer should start colonoscopy screening during their twenties
    • TREATMENT FOR COLORECTAL CANCER
      • Cancers that have not spread beyond the colon or rectum may require only surgery. If the cancer has spread, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or both is needed
      • Staging is a way for the doctor to tell how far the cancer has spread
      • The most common staging system are:
        • Stage I: cancer has not spread beyond the inside of colon or rectum
        • Stage II: cancer has spread into the muscle layer of colon or rectum
        • Stage III: cancer has spread to one or more lymph nodes in the area
        • Stage IV: cancer has spread to other parts of the body
    • TREATMENT FOR COLORECTAL CANCER
      • Types of surgery:
        • polypectomy
        • colonoscopy
        • sigmoidoscopy
        • bowel resection
        • colostomy
        • Radiation therapy
        • Chemotherapy
    • TEST FOR COLORECTAL CANCER
      • Colonoscopy is a test that allows the doctor to look at the interior lining of the large intestine through a instrument called a colonoscopy
      • A colonoscopy helps to detect ulcers, polyps, tumours, and areas of inflammation or bleeding
        • Is a thin, flexible instrument that ranges from 48 inch to 72 inch long
        • A small video camera is attached to it
        • In some cases, the colonoscopy may use fibre optics
        • However, digital video technology has generally replaced fibre optics
    • HOME TREATMENT
      • For nausea or vomiting, watch for and treat early signs of dehydration
      • For diarrhoea, do not eat for several hours until you feel better and watch for signs of dehydration
      • For constipation, do gentle exercise, drink plenty of fluids and eat lots of foods that contain fibre
      • For fatigue get extra rest while you are having chemotherapy or radiation therapy
      • For sleep problems go to bed at the same time every night, exercise during the day, and avoiding naps
      • For mouth sores:
        • Drink cold liquids and from a straw
        • Eat soft food
        • Rinse your mouth several times a day with a warm saltwater rinse
    • TREATMENT WITH PALLIATIVE CARE
      • Palliative care is the care that relieves suffering and improves the quality of a patient’s life
      • Common symptoms that are treated and controlled or relieved by palliative care can include:
        • fatigue
        • depression and anxiety
        • pain
        • trouble breathing
        • loss of appetite and weight loss
        • confusion
    •