Infectious Disease- Illness caused by microorganisms
Viral Infection- Infections transmitted by drinking, eating, coughing, sneezing and insect bites
Contagious Infection- disease that can be spread from 1 person to another (most commonly through touching people or objects)
Lesson 1 What Is an Infectious Disease? How Do Diseases Spread????? Here are a few of the most common ways that infections are spread: 1. Touching 2. Coughing or sneezing 3. Sharing utensils, hygiene products, etc. Chapter 14
DISCUSS How can you protect yourself from each infection?
Body Defenses: Your body has many defenses and natural chemicals that successfully fight off viral infections. For example, your saliva contains chemicals that help kill some viruses. The mucus in your nose also traps viruses and keeps them from getting into your body.
Antiviral Drugs: Antiviral drugs are now available to treat a few viral infections. Most viral infections run their course while you take care of your body with extra rest.
Lesson 1 What Is an Infectious Disease? Chapter 14 A contagious disease that starts with one person can quickly and easily spread to many other people.
Lesson 2 Bacterial Infections What Are Bacteria?
Bacteria are very simple single-celled microorganisms that are found everywhere.
Bacteria reproduce very quickly by dividing in half.
Because they can reproduce so rapidly, a few bacteria can often cause a serious infection very quickly.
Lesson 2 Bacterial Infections Avoiding Bacterial Infections The best way to avoid a bacterial infection is to: 1. Limit your contact with infected people. 2. Do not share food and drinks with others. 3. Wash your hands frequently. 4. Take warm showers frequently. 5. Eat properly and get enough sleep. Chapter 14
Name 3 injuries that could cause a person to become paralyzed…
Lesson 2 Nervous System Chapter 15 The nervous system is the body’s command and control system. The CNS is made up of the brain and the spinal cord . The PNS is made of all of the nerves outside the brain and the spinal cord. Your Brain and Nervous System
Do you know anyone with these diseases? How has it effected their life?
Lesson 5 Endocrine System Chapter 15 The endocrine system is a network of glands throughout the body that produce chemicals that control many body functions. Your Endocrine System
What word is used in almost every gland definition? What does it mean?
Lesson 6 Digestive System Chapter 15 Your digestive system includes your mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, and anus. The digestive system breaks down food so that it can be used by your body. Your Digestive System
Diabetes and Hypertension Diabetes and hypertension cause most kidney disease. In both diabetes and hypertension, wastes can build up in blood and organs and cause a variety of health problems, including complete kidney failure.
PKD Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is hereditary. In PKD, hard growths, called cysts form in the kidneys.