Asthma 101”


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  • Asthma 101”

    1. 2. Asthma in Philadelphia <ul><li>1 in 8 children in Philadelphia has asthma. That is more than 51,000 children. </li></ul><ul><li>In Philadelphia, African American and Latino children have the highest percent of asthma cases. </li></ul><ul><li>Certain neighborhoods, like South Philadelphia, North Philadelphia, and West Philadelphia, have higher rates of children with asthma. </li></ul>Source: PHMC Household Survey 2000
    2. 3. What Is Asthma? <ul><li>Asthma is a chronic lung disease that can be life threatening if not treated and controlled. </li></ul><ul><li>The cause of asthma in unknown, but some things make asthma worse. </li></ul>
    3. 4. What Is Happening During an Asthma Attach ? <ul><li>When someone is having an asthma attack the following is happening: </li></ul><ul><li>The lining of the airway is swollen and irritated . </li></ul><ul><li>The muscles around the airway tighten and make it hard to breathe. </li></ul><ul><li>The airway makes a thick mucus . </li></ul>
    4. 5. What Is Happening During an Asthma Attack in the Lungs?
    5. 6. Asthma Warning Signs <ul><li>Warning signs are clues that your child’s asthma may be getting worse. </li></ul><ul><li>Runny stuffy nose </li></ul><ul><li>Headache </li></ul><ul><li>Tickle in throat </li></ul><ul><li>Child’s has a cold or flu </li></ul><ul><li>Coughing </li></ul><ul><li>Restless </li></ul>Know Your Child’s Warning Signs!
    6. 7. What Are the Symptoms of Asthma? <ul><li>Not all people with asthma have the same symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>The most common symptoms are: </li></ul><ul><li>Coughing – a cough that may not go away or may be worse at night </li></ul><ul><li>Wheezing – a whistling sound that is usually heard when breathing out </li></ul>
    7. 8. What Are the Symptoms of Asthma? <ul><li>Shortness of breath – feels like not being able to catch a breath </li></ul><ul><li>Tightness or pain in the chest – feels like something heavy has been placed on the chest </li></ul>
    8. 9. What Causes Asthma Attacks? AN ASTHMA TRIGGER IS… anything that sets off asthma symptoms
    9. 10. TRIGGERS
    10. 11. Ways to Avoid Triggers <ul><li>Dust, dander, and house mites </li></ul><ul><li>Dust the house with a damp cloth, especially in the child’s bedroom. </li></ul><ul><li>Use a damp mop to clean the floor. </li></ul><ul><li>Cover pillow, mattress, and boxspring with special dust-mite–proof covers. </li></ul>
    11. 12. Ways to Avoid Triggers <ul><li>Smoke </li></ul><ul><li>Try to make the home smoke free by </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Never allowing smoking in the home or car </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Never allowing smoking around the child </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quitting smoking </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Avoid burning incense or candles. </li></ul>
    12. 13. Ways to Avoid Triggers <ul><li>Pets </li></ul><ul><li>If possible, remove pets from the home or limit the child’s contact with the animal. </li></ul><ul><li>Never allow pets in the child’s bedroom. </li></ul>
    13. 14. Ways to Avoid Triggers <ul><li>Strong odors and scented products </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid heavy scents, like perfumes, hairsprays, and certain household cleaners like bleach or ammonia. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t use room deodorizers. </li></ul>
    14. 15. Ways to Avoid Triggers <ul><li>Cockroach dander </li></ul><ul><li>Keep all food in closed containers, and keep trash bags closed. </li></ul><ul><li>Clean up moist areas such as kitchen and bathroom. </li></ul><ul><li>Clean areas where roaches have been with hot soapy water to remove dander previously dropped by roaches. </li></ul>
    15. 16. Asthma Medications and Devices
    16. 17. Types of Medications <ul><li>Long-term “controller” medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Quick-relief “rescue” medicine </li></ul>
    17. 18. Long-Term Medications <ul><li>Long-term “controller” medicine prevents swelling and inflammation of the airway and should be used every day, even when feeling well. </li></ul>
    18. 19. Quick-Relief Medications <ul><li>Quick-relief “rescue” medicine works quickly to open the tightened airway. </li></ul><ul><li>Quick-relief medicine is usually used on an as-needed basis. </li></ul>
    19. 20. <ul><li>Inhaler “the pump” </li></ul><ul><li>Delivers inhaled medication in a spray mist form </li></ul>Asthma Devices
    20. 21. <ul><li>Inhaler with Spacer </li></ul><ul><li>A spacer catches the mist and holds it so it can be breathed in slowly. This allows the medicine to reach the person’s lungs. </li></ul>Asthma Devices
    21. 22. Asthma Devices <ul><li>Nebulizer </li></ul><ul><li>A machine that delivers medication in a mist. </li></ul>
    22. 23. <ul><li>Peak Flow Meter </li></ul><ul><li>A device used to measure how air flows from your lungs in one “fast blast.” </li></ul>Asthma Devices
    23. 24. What Is an Asthma Action Plan? <ul><li>An asthma action plan is a tool for patients that helps families manage asthma. </li></ul><ul><li>It tells exactly how and when to take medicines. </li></ul><ul><li>It also tells how and when to use the quick-relief medicine and what to do when the child develops symptoms or has an attack. </li></ul>
    24. 25. An Example of an Asthma Action Plan
    25. 26. Tips About the Action Plan <ul><li>The action plan should be completed by your child’s medical provider. </li></ul><ul><li>Every child with asthma should have an asthma action plan. </li></ul>
    26. 27. Who Should Have Copies of the Asthma Action Plan? <ul><li>Medical providers </li></ul><ul><li>Parent and/or caregiver </li></ul><ul><li>School nurse or daycare provider </li></ul><ul><li>Camp (during summer time) or after-school program </li></ul><ul><li>Babysitter </li></ul>
    27. 28. Controlling Asthma
    28. 29. Getting Asthma Under Control <ul><li>See a health-care provider for regular asthma checkups at least twice a year. </li></ul><ul><li>Follow an Asthma Action Plan. </li></ul><ul><li>Learn how to take the right medicine at the right time, the right way. </li></ul>
    29. 30. Getting Asthma Under Control <ul><li>Learn about asthma triggers and how to avoid them. </li></ul><ul><li>Talk about peak flow monitoring with your health-care provider. </li></ul>
    30. 31. <ul><li>Sleeps through the night </li></ul><ul><li>Goes to school every day </li></ul><ul><li>Is able to play, take gym, and participate in sports </li></ul>A Child With Well-Controlled Asthma
    31. 32. Acknowledgments <ul><li>Developed by Jessica Anglin with input from the </li></ul><ul><li>Philadelphia Allies Against Asthma Community </li></ul><ul><li>Intervention Committee </li></ul><ul><li>Sponsored by the Philadelphia Allies Against </li></ul><ul><li>Asthma Coalition </li></ul>8/2003
    32. 33. For More Information on Asthma <ul><li>You can call : </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The American Lung Association at 1-800-586 - 4872 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Asthma and Allergy Foundation of American at 1 –800-727 - 8462 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Allergy & Asthma Network: Mothers of Asthmatics at 1-800-878-4403 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Philadelphia Allies Against Asthma Project at (215)731-6150 </li></ul></ul></ul>
    33. 34. For More Information on Asthma <ul><li>You can go to the following websites : </li></ul><ul><li>Allies Against Asthma at www.asthma . </li></ul><ul><li>Asthma Allergy Foundation of America at </li></ul><ul><li>American Lung Association at </li></ul><ul><li>National Blood Lung and Heart Institute at </li></ul><ul><li>American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology at </li></ul><ul><li>School Asthma Allergy at </li></ul>