DENTAL CARIES DEFINATION ETIOLOGY MICROBIOLOGY BY: DR. KHURRAM ZAFAR www.thedentalclinicpk.com
TYPES OF TOOTH LOSS
Loss of tooth substance in different ways:
Microbial tooth loss (dental caries)
Non microbial tooth loss
(attrition, abrasion and erosion)
It is a disease of microbial origin in which the dietary carbohydrates are fermented by the bacteria forming an acid which causes the demineralization of the inorganic part and disintegration of the organic part of the tooth
Etiology of Dental Caries:
1. Role of bacteria
Normal flora of the oral cavity contains abundance of bacteria which derive there energy by the chemical process of fermentation
Mainly the bacteria are Streptococcus Mutans,and streptococcus sobrinus collectively known mutans streptococci(MS)
2. Role of plaque:
Plaque is an adhesive layer which deposits on the surface of the tooth and has colonies of bacteria
Plaque tends to stick to the surface of the teeth and in this way the bacteria can have there cariogenic effect on the tooth
Increase bulk of the plaque
Plaque on the surface of the tooth (enamel)
3. Role of saliva:
It plays role in increasing the cariogenic effect on the teeth and as well it has the buffering action.
Saliva has a cleansing effect also
4. Role of carbohydrates:
Fermentable carbohydrates are on of the most important cause of causing dental caries.
Increase in the intake of refined carbohydrates are directly proportional in causing the dental caries
Different studies and indicies have been done in order to know the role of carbohydrates in causing the dental caries.
Dietary sugars are mainly sucrose which is cheap and easily produced from sugar cane and has very high calories sucrose is present in wheat and potatoes.
Sucrose substitutes are palatinose, Trehalulose and sugar alcohols