• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Superheroes Around the World
 

Superheroes Around the World

on

  • 5,155 views

This presentation was a Fantasticon in Copenhagen, Denmark, last fall, discussing what defines a superhero and how this impacts how we see superheroes around the world.

This presentation was a Fantasticon in Copenhagen, Denmark, last fall, discussing what defines a superhero and how this impacts how we see superheroes around the world.

Statistics

Views

Total Views
5,155
Views on SlideShare
4,730
Embed Views
425

Actions

Likes
3
Downloads
93
Comments
1

4 Embeds 425

http://dushare.dom.edu 356
http://playingwithresearch.com 47
http://strangerinfamiliarland.wordpress.com 21
http://webcache.googleusercontent.com 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel

11 of 1 previous next

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
  • For a more detailed discussion of this analysis, see: http://playingwithresearch.com/2014/03/12/making-sense-of-superheroes-awareness-of-superhero-genre-conventions-around-the-world/
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Superheroes Around the World Superheroes Around the World Presentation Transcript

    • Superheroes around the World CarrieLynn D. Reinhard, PhD. Roskilde University
    • What is a superhero?
    •  
    •  
    •  
    • But what about these?
    •  
    • What makes some characters superheroes, and others not? Do they all have to be from the United States? What do people outside of the United States think about superheroes?
    • International Survey
      • Spring of 2009, International survey:
        • Advertised across different country specific Facebooks, from the United States to Japan, from South Africa to Sweden.
        • 1000+ partially completed the online survey.
        • Of this group, only the 112 who answered all the close-ended answers and provided a real country of origin were included in the analysis.
      • Discuss:
        • What defines a superhero?
        • How well know American superheroes?
        • What other cultures’ heroes could be superheroes?
    • What defines a superhero?
    • Main Definitional Categories
      • Sanctioned Mission
        • Engages in missions sanctioned by society/culture in which stories originate
        • Either as “the calling”, assigned or personally taken up
      • Superpower(s)
        • Possesses some ability that is beyond what a normal human could do with training or technology
      • Secret Identity
        • Engages in mission-related activities under a pseudonym to protect real identity and loved ones
      • Codename
        • Pseudonym, or the operational name given when engaging in mission-related activities
      • Costume Motif
        • Iconic representation of what the character stands for, is able to do, overall theme/power
        • Worn in mission-related activities, often to protect real identity
    • American Superheroes Superhero Sanctioned Mission Super-power(s) Secret identity Code-name Costume motif Superman X X X X X Batman X   X X X Wonder Woman X X X X X Green Lantern X X X X X The Flash X X X X X Green Arrow X   X X X The Martian Manhunter X X   X X Spider-Man X X X X X Iron Man X X X X X Wolverine X X X X X The Hulk   X X X X Storm X X X X X Captain America X X   X X Ghost Rider X X X X X Thor X X     X Mr. Fantastic X X   X X The Human Torch X X   X X Punisher X   X X X Hellboy X X   X X The Shadow X X X X X Zorro X   X X X
      • The percentages of people who agree or disagree or are not certain that the specific characteristic is necessary for defining a character as a superhero.
    • How well known are American superheroes?
    • Recognizing Superheroes: DC
    • Recognizing Superheroes: Marvel
    • Recognizing Superheroes: Other Comic Book
    • Recognizing Superheroes: And Others Still…
    • What is the reason for such patterns of recognition?
    • What other cultures’ heroes could be superheroes?
    • Would-Be, Could-Be Superheroes Superhero?? Sanctioned Mission Super-power(s) Secret identity Code-name Costume motif Ultraman X X X X X Kamen Rider 1 X X X X X Power Rangers X X X X X Gatchaman X   X X X Sailor Moon X X X X X The Guyver   X X X X NERV X     X X Samurai Pizza Cats X       X Mamoru Kusanagi X X     X Pretty Girl Sammy X X X X X Witch Hunter Robin X X   X X Card Capturer Sakura X X     X The Knight Sabers X   X   X Vash the Stampede X X X   X Voltron X       X Astro Boy X X     X Jesus X X     X Hercules   X     X Robin Hood X   X X   Beowulf X         James Bond X   X X X
    • Recognizing Superheroes: Japanese
    • Do other cultures, countries have superheros?
    • North America Canada: Captain Canuck, Fleur de Lys, Nelvana Argentina: El Eternauta Mexico: El Santo, Kaliman, Blue Demon
    • Europe France: Fantômas Italy: Diabolik, Zagor Spain: El Guerro del Antifaz, El Capitán Trueno United Kingdom: Tank Girl, James Bond, V, Judge Dredd, MarvelMan, Promethea, Sherlock Holmes
    • Middle East Israel: Sabraman, Adiri Atchelet Kuwait: The 99
    • Asia Indonesia: Gundala, Gatotkaca, Garuda Putih China: The 108 Heroes of The Water Margin Japan: Volton, M.K.R., Akazukin Chacha, Saint Tail, Astro Boy, Godzilla, Saint Seiya, Biomen
    • Let’s Break It Down…
      • Codename: El Santo
      • Secret Identity: Rodolfo Guzmán Huerta (sorta…)
      • Superpower(s): strength, wrestling moves
      • Sanctioned Mission: to fight supernatural creatures, evil scientists, criminals
      • Costume Motif: silver mask, cape, leggings
      • Codename: Gundala
      • Secret Identity: Sancaka
      • Superpower(s): shoot lightning, super speed
      • Sanctioned Mission: to fight crime
      • Costume Motif: Blue spandex, red boots/gloves, winged ears
      • Codename: Robin Hood
      • Secret Identity: Robert Fitzooth, Earl of Huntingdon, Robin of Loxley
      • Superpower(s): marksmanship
      • Sanctioned Mission: to ”rob from the rich to give to the poor”
      • Costume Motif: green, and a hood
      • Codename: Samson
      • Secret Identity: ...
      • Superpower(s): tremendous strength
      • Sanctioned Mission: to deliver the Israelites from the Philistines
      • Costume Motif: his long hair, toga/loincloth
      • Codename: Jesus
      • Secret Identity: Son of God
      • Superpower(s): miracles
      • Sanctioned Mission: to ease human suffering
      • Costume Motif: long hair, beard, simple and flowing garmets
      • Codename: Diabolik
      • Secret Identity: unknown
      • Superpower(s): technology
      • Sanctioned Mission: to steal from criminals
      • Costume Motif: black spandex covers all but eyes
      • Codename: Pippi Longstocking
      • Secret Identity: Pippilotta Delicatessa Windowshade Mackrelmint Ephraim's Daughter Longstocking
      • Superpower(s): super strength
      • Sanctioned Mission: to mock and dupe bad adults
      • Costume Motif: long red pigtails, patchwork dress, long stockings
    • Appropriation versus Parody
    • Other Appropriations
      • La Mujer Murcielago (1968)
      • Japanese Spider-Man (1978)
      • Turkish Superman (1979)
      • Indian Superman (1987)
    • Parodies
      • Canada’s Mr. Canoehead
      • Superlópez from Spain
      • Falafel Man from Israel
      • Supershlumper from Israel
      • Italian Spider-Man (2008)
    • To learn more…
      • International Catalogue of Superheroes
      • http://www.internationalhero.co.uk/
      • My writings: http://issuu.com/ourmediapolis