YCWW: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills
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YCWW: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills

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Young Canadians in a Wired World – Phase III: Findings from Canada’s largest research project on children and teens’ Internet use are now available. Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’......

Young Canadians in a Wired World – Phase III: Findings from Canada’s largest research project on children and teens’ Internet use are now available. Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills, explores the level of young people’s digital literacy skills, how they are learning these skills and how well digital technologies are being used in classrooms to support these skills.

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  • 1. Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills March 2014 Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts
  • 2. Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills March 2014 Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts MediaSmarts Model for Digital Literacy
  • 3. Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills March 2014 Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts In 2013, MediaSmarts conducted a national survey of 5,436 Canadian students, grades 4 through 11, in every province and territory, to explore the role of networked technologies in their lives. Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills is the fourth in a series of reports which draw on the rich data that was collected. “Digital Natives” or not? What are the digital literacy skills of young Canadians?
  • 4. Use as a Component of Digital Literacy Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts Use as a Component of Digital Literacy
  • 5. Use as a Component of Digital Literacy Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts Connecting to the Internet outside of school: Gender
  • 6. Use as a Component of Digital Literacy Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts Connecting to the Internet outside of school: Grade
  • 7. Use as a Component of Digital Literacy Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts What are students doing online? Do you do the following things online? At least once a day At least once a week At least once a month At least once a year Less than once a year Never Post comments or pictures on your own social network site (for example, your Facebook profile) 17% 24% 20% 7% 4% 28% Read or post on other people’s social network sites (for example, Facebook) 30% 22% 12% 4% 3% 28% Post your own tweets on Twitter 12% 9% 7% 3% 4% 66% Follow friends or family on Twitter 12% 9% 7% 4% 3% 65% Follow celebrities on Twitter 12% 8% 8% 4% 3% 64% Download or stream music, TV shows or movies (Grade 7-11 only) 24% 27% 21% 8% 5% 15% Post a story or artwork you created yourself 3% 6% 9% 9% 11% 62%
  • 8. Use as a Component of Digital Literacy Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts What are students doing online? Do you do the following things online? At least once a day At least once a week At least once a month At least once a year Less than once a year Never Post a video or audio file of you doing something (for example, singing, dancing, how-to video) 2% 3% 8% 9% 11% 67% Post a video you made using music or clips you found online (for example, fan tribute, mash-up video) 2% 2% 5% 6% 8% 78% Post your contact information (for example, your home address, email) 2% 3% 6% 7% 12% 71% Post comments on news sites (Grade 7-11 only) 3% 4% 6% 6% 9% 71% Send people links to news stories or information about current events(Grade 7-11 only) 4% 10% 14% 11% 12% 50% Join or support an activist group (for example, Greenpeace, Students Against Bullying, Free the Children) 3% 4% 7% 10% 11% 65%
  • 9. Use as a Component of Digital Literacy Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts Strategies for searching for information online When you are looking for information online, do you Percentage Yes Ask your teacher for sites you should use 54% Use more than one search engine to research the same topic 61% Use advanced search engine tools (for example, limiting a search to a particular time, particular site, filtering out adult content) (Gr. 7-11 only) 35% Search inside a site that you think is reliable 75% Scan the whole page of search results before clicking on anything 50% Start over with different search terms or a different source or search engine if you’re not happy with the results of your search 61%
  • 10. Use as a Component of Digital Literacy Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts Strategies for searching for information online: Gender 50% 56% 39% 74% 48% 58%56% 65% 32% 76% 52% 65% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Ask teacher Use >1 search engine Use advanced search tools (Gr. 7-11) Search inside reliable site Scan whole page of search results Start over if not happy with results Boy Girl
  • 11. Use as a Component of Digital Literacy Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts Top 10 favourite websites: All students What are your five favourite websites? Site Content Percent Youtube.com Video sharing 75% Facebook.com Social networking 57% Google.com Search engine 31% Twitter.com Microblogging / Social networking 24% Tumblr.com Blogging / Social networking 12% Instagram.com Media sharing / Social networking 10% Minecraft.com Gaming 8% Miniclip.com Gaming 7% Hotmail.com Email 6% Wikipedia.org Reference 5%
  • 12. Understanding Contexts, Evaluating Content Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts Understanding Contexts, Evaluating Content
  • 13. Understanding Contexts, Evaluating Content Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts Do you try to make sure that what you find online is correct when Percentage Yes You are looking for information for school work 89% You are looking for information for your own personal interest 66% You are looking for information for a friend or family member 71% You learn something through social media (for example, Facebook, Twitter) 56% You read an online news story, blog, etc. 60%
  • 14. Understanding Contexts, Evaluating Content Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts Verifying if online information is correct: Gender
  • 15. Understanding Contexts, Evaluating Content Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts Verifying if online information is correct: Grade 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Grade Informa on for School Informa on for Personal Interest Informa on for Friend/Family Social Media Informa on Online News, Blog, etc.
  • 16. Understanding Contexts, Evaluating Content Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts When you are deciding if online information is correct, do you do these? Percentage Yes I ask my teacher for advice on whether a site is a good site 54% I make sure that facts on the site are from experts on the topic 59% I look at whether the site only shows one side of an issue 44% I look at who pays for the site (for example, do a WHOIS search) (Gr. 7-11 only) 18% I look to see if there is contact information on the site 27% I look to see when the site was published or last updated 50% I look at whether any opinions on the site are backed up with facts that I can check out Grade 51% I do research to see if the source is considered reliable by other (example, googling the author) Grade 44% I look at other sources to see if they say the same thing ♂♀, Grade 69% Strategies for verifying if online information is correct
  • 17. Understanding Contexts, Evaluating Content Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts Strategies for verifying if online information is correct: Grade 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Grade Ask teacher Ensure facts are from topic experts Does site show only one side of issue? Who pays for site? (Gr. 7-11) Is contact informa on on site? When was site last publsihed or updated? Are opinions backed by verifiable facts Research reliability of source Do other sources say same thing?
  • 18. Understanding Contexts, Evaluating Content Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts Strategies for verifying if online information is correct: Gender
  • 19. Understanding Contexts, Evaluating Content Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts Cell phone activities Do you use the cell phone to do any of these? Percentage Yes Chat with friends during class without your teacher knowing it 33% Cheat on a test at school 6%
  • 20. Understanding Contexts, Evaluating Content Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts Cell phone activities: Grade
  • 21. Understanding Contexts, Evaluating Content Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts 46%of students agree with the statement, “Downloading music, TV shows or movies illegally is not a big deal”. Older students are significantly more likely than younger students to agree with this statement: 26% in Grade 6 vs 72% in Grade 11
  • 22. Understanding Contexts, Evaluating Content Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts Opinions on illegal downloading: Grade
  • 23. Understanding Contexts, Evaluating Content Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts Where students have learned what is legal and illegal to do online: Grade 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Grade How to know what is legal and illegal to do online From my parent(s) How to know what is legal and illegal to do online From teachers How to know what is legal and illegal to do online From friends How to know what is legal and illegal to do online From reading about it online How to know what is legal and illegal to do online I have never learned about this
  • 24. Creating Content and Contributing to Digital Society Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts Creating Content and Contributing to Digital Society
  • 25. Creating Content and Contributing to Digital Society Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts What students do online – Social media Do you do the following things online? At least once a day At least once a week At least once a month At least once a year Less than once a year Never Post comments or pictures on your own social network site (for example, your Facebook profile) 17% 24% 20% 7% 4% 28% Read or post on other people’s social network sites (for example, Facebook) 30% 22% 12% 4% 3% 28% Post your own tweets on Twitter 12% 9% 7% 3% 4% 66%
  • 26. Creating Content and Contributing to Digital Society Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts What students do online – Social media: Gender
  • 27. Creating Content and Contributing to Digital Society Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts What students do online – Social media: Grade
  • 28. Creating Content and Contributing to Digital Society Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts What students do online – News and activism Do you do the following things online? At least once a day At least once a week At least once a month At least once a year Less than once a year Never Send people links to news stories or information about current events (grade 7-11 only) Grade 4% 10% 14% 11% 12% 50% Post comments on news sites (grade 7-11 only) 3% 4% 6% 6% 9% 71% Join or support an activist group (for example, Greenpeace, Students Against Bullying, Free the Children) 3% 4% 7% 10% 11% 65%
  • 29. Creating Content and Contributing to Digital Society Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts Learning about online activities I have learned about the following activities From my parent(s) From teachers From friends From reading about it online I have never learned about this How to search for information online 47% 45% 28% 21% 8% How to tell if online information is true 37% 45% 15% 17% 20% How to use privacy settings 41% 15% 27% 24% 18% How companies collect and use personal information online 35% 24% 10% 20% 34% How to know what is legal and illegal to do online 58% 42% 15% 20% 17%
  • 30. Creating Content and Contributing to Digital Society Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts Would you like to learn more about these in school? Would you like to learn more about these in school? Percentage Yes How to search for information online 35% How to tell if online information is true 51% How to use privacy settings 31% How companies collect and use personal information 36% How to know what is legal and illegal to do online 45%
  • 31. Creating Content and Contributing to Digital Society Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts Would you like to learn more about these in school?: Gender
  • 32. Creating Content and Contributing to Digital Society Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts Would you like to learn about these in school?: Grade
  • 33. Technology in the Classrooms and School Filters Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts Technology in the Classroom and School Filters
  • 34. Technology in the Classrooms and School Filters Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts Technology at school Does your school or classroom have Percentage Website where you can get information about homework, assignments and tests 72% Online help with homework after school 35% Digital whiteboards (for example, Smart Boards) 68% Computer lab 74% Computers in the classrooms 66% Media lab 21% My school does not have any of these things 0% I don’t know if my school has any of these things 3%
  • 35. Technology in the Classrooms and School Filters Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts Devices allowed for use in the classroom Are you allowed to use these in your classroom? Percentage MP3 player (for example, iPod) 36% Cell phone / smart phone 25% Computer, laptop or netbook with Internet access 53% Tablet with Internet access (for example, iPad, Blackberry Playbook) 31% E-readers (for example, Kindle, Kobo) 27% I am not allowed to use any of these in class 29%
  • 36. Technology in the Classrooms and School Filters Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts Devices allowed for use in the classroom: Grade 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Grade MP3 player (for example, iPod) Cell phone / smart phone Computer, laptop or netbook with Internet access Tablet with Internet access (for example, iPad, Blackberry Playbook) E-readers (for example, Kindle, Kobo) I am not allowed to use any of these in class
  • 37. Technology in the Classrooms and School Filters Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts Use of personal devices in the classroom: Grade 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Grade Do research for a school assignment or project Use educa onal games or programs Read class material (books, textbooks, etc.) Watch videos, listen to podcasts, or read websites for class work Communicate with other students in your class about class work Communicate with people outside the classroom for class work Contribute to a class blog or Wiki Help you concentrate on school work (for example, listening to an iPod to drown out noise) As a reward when you finish your school work early I don’t do any of these things
  • 38. Technology in the Classrooms and School Filters Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts 29% of students say their teachers have used social media to help them learn (for example, Facebook, Twitter). 41%of Grade 9 students report this.
  • 39. Technology in the Classrooms and School Filters Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts Teachers using social media in the classroom: Grade 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Grade Yes
  • 40. Technology in the Classrooms and School Filters Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts Uses of devices in the classroom What do you do with permitted devices during class? Percentage Do research for a school assignment or project 83% Use educational games or programs 42% Read class material (books, textbooks, etc.) 51% Watch videos, listen to podcasts, or read websites for class work 40% Communicate with other students in your class about class work 24% Communicate with people outside the classroom for class work 16% Contribute to a class blog or Wiki 19% Help you concentrate on school work (for example, listening to an iPod to drown out noise) 38% As a reward when you finish your school work early 31% I don’t do any of these things 5%
  • 41. Technology in the Classrooms and School Filters Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts Blocking sites at school Percentage Yes Have you ever had trouble finding something you needed for school work on a school computer because it was blocked? 36% Can you access sites at your school even if your school has blocked them? 25%
  • 42. Technology in the Classrooms and School Filters Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts Blocked sites at school: Gender 37% 31% 35% 20% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Have you ever had trouble finding something you needed for school work on a school computer because it was blocked? Yes. Can you access sites at your school even if your school has blocked them? Yes. Boy Girl
  • 43. Technology in the Classrooms and School Filters Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills © 2014 MediaSmarts Blocked sites at school: Grade 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Grade Have you ever had trouble finding something you needed for school work on a school computer because it was blocked? Yes. Can you access sites at your school even if your school has blocked them? Yes.
  • 44. Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians’ Digital Literacy Skills was made possible by financial contributions from Canadian Internet Registration Authority, Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada and The Alberta Teachers’ Association.