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02   flora winston shrt - fix
 

02 flora winston shrt - fix

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    02   flora winston shrt - fix 02 flora winston shrt - fix Presentation Transcript

    • Young Drivers:What You Don’t Know May Kill Your Child Young Drivers 1
    • Young Drivers 2
    • Our youth are dying needlessly  “ Conrad sped up, but it was so dark, he didnt see the pothole. Next thing I knew, we were flying through the air. ...My heart is broken and shattered.”  Danielle Lee, 17 years old, sole survivor, only occupant using a seat belt Young Drivers 3
    • Objectives1. Why do young drivers crash?2. How can we prevent young driver crashes? Young Drivers 4
    • Newly Licensed TeensHighest Lifetime Crash RateUS Crash Rate by Age (per 100k Licensed Drivers, 2009) 45 42 41 41 38 39 But… 40 35 34 33 35 Lowest lifetime risk when 30 28 30 23 24 they are Learner Drivers 25 Crash Rate 20 19 20 20 18 18 20 17 15 15 14 14 15 11 9 8 10 7 5 4 4 5 0 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 35 45 55 65 75 & to to to to to over Driver Age (yr) All Fatal Young Drivers 5
    • Not just teen driver problem…Everyone’s problem  Teen driver  39% of injured  Occupants of other vehicles  35% of injured Young Drivers 6
    • Teens, peers, drivingThe perfect storm Brain: Work in progress  Developing executive function…  Over-rationalize decisions  Emotional  Impulses get in the way  Difficulty handling peers Inexperience Distracting environment Several thousand kilos of steel at 90 km/h Young Drivers 7
    • While they learn to be an adult..They are learning to drive.Learning to drive is a PROCESS Early Learner Experienced Pre-learner Independent Driver Driver Driver Young Drivers 8
    • What causes most fatal teen crashes?US Crash Rate by Age (per 100k Licensed Drivers, 2009) 0.9 Driver error due to inexperience 0.77 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.49 0.48 0.5 0.5 0.470.42 0.4 0.35 0.34 0.3 0.29 0.24 0.26 0.24 0.2 0.17 0.14 0.1 0 16 17 to 19 20 to 49 Driver error Speeding Source: Williams et al Journal of Public Health Single vehicle 3+ occupants Policy, 16: 3 (1995) Drivers killed with 0.08+ BAC Updated 2007 by IIHS, Units: % of fatal cases with factor present Young Drivers 9
    • The BIG THREE“New Driver” MistakesInexperience, Poor Attention, DistractionMajor Categories of Total Males FemalesTeen Driver Critical Errors Wght % Wght % Wght %Recognition 46.3 47.5 44.9Decision 40.1 39.9 40.3Performance 8.0 8.9 7.0Non-Performance 2.9 2.1 3.9Other/Unknown 2.7 1.7 4.0 Young Drivers 10
    • How to avoid a crash SCAN Young Drivers 11
    • How to avoid a crash SECONDS SCAN Detect Hazard Young Drivers 12
    • How to avoid a crash SECONDS SCAN Recognize Hazard Young Drivers 13
    • How to avoid a crash SECONDS SCAN CHOOSE Decide to Respond Young Drivers 14
    • How to avoid a crash SECONDS SCAN ACT Young Drivers 15
    • How to avoid a crash SECONDS SCAN AVOID CRASH Young Drivers 16
    • Why teens die? Young Drivers 17
    • Young Drivers 18
    • What we need to focus on:Detect hazards SCAN & DETECTImprove planningImprove scanning Teach Demonstrate masteryReduce distractionsProhibit impairment Young Drivers 19
    • What we need to focus on:Avoid hazards/crashes CHOOSE & ACTReduce speed and increase following distanceIncrease practice driving Wide variety of conditions Demonstrate masteryDon’t put teens in risky situations Privileges should match ability/maturity levelProhibit impairment Young Drivers 20
    • What is GDL? GDL = Graduated Driver Licensing Proven effective in reducing crashes Key concept – Experienced-based method for beginning drivers Gain experience in low risk conditions before advancing to high risk conditions Young Drivers 21
    • Key objectives of GDL 1. Improve driving skills 2. Motivate for safety 3. Increase practice quality, quantity and diversity 4. Reduce risk for newly licensed teens by gradually increasing exposure to risk Young Drivers 22
    • What teens told usTeens want to be good drivers 20% of 11th graders: driver in a crashTeens recognize risksTeens do not recognize inexperience Getting a license = experiencedTeens do not recognize speeding riskParents matter What are the roles for parents? Young Drivers 23
    • Empowered parents Role model  Practice safe driving “Driving coach”  Put in the time  Practice in varied settings Authoritative parent  Set and monitor driving rules  Gradually introduce new privileges, as deserved Young Drivers 24
    • Family’s timeline for safety Prepare Coach Assess Monitor Model Assess Teach Supervise Set rules Teach Remediate Time Zero Independent driving Young Drivers 25
    • Parents can use GDLas a guide  Use GDL to develop a set of appropriate driving limits for new teen drivers  Create and monitor rules that will keep teens safe Young Drivers 26
    • Parents really do matterAccording to the National Young Driver Survey of over 5,600U.S. teens…Teens with authoritative parents are: Half as likely to speed or crash 71 percent less likely to drive while drunk Twice as likely to wear seat belts 30 percent less likely to use a cell phone while driving Young Drivers 27
    • Summary: What we need to focus onIncrease seat belt useEnsure teens get quantity, quality, diverse practiceDelay driving under risky conditions With peer passengers At night On weekendsProhibit risky behavior Breaking driving laws Aggressive or reckless driving Impaired driving – drunk, drugged, drowsy Distracted driving (e.g., cell phones) Young Drivers 28
    • Young Drivers 29