Infertility and IVF Treatments


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Presentation on infertility and fertility treatments. Things yo wanted to ask a fertility doctor, but did not want to pay $399 for the consultation. Definition and prevalence in the society. Information on affordable IVF clinics abroad.

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Infertility and IVF Treatments

  2. 2. Defining InfertilityInfertility is defined as aninability to get pregnantafter one year of trying.Couples who can get pregnant but areunable to stay pregnant may also beinfertile.
  3. 3. Infertility is Common• Number of women ages 15-44 with impaired ability to havechildren: 7.3 million• Percent of women ages 15-44 with impaired fertility: 11.8%• Number of married women ages 15-44 that are infertile: 2.1M• Percent of married women ages 15-44 that are infertile: 7.4%• Number of women ages 15-44 who have ever used infertilityservices: 7.3 millionFewer than 1% of teenage girls are infertile, but more than20% of women in their mid-30s are infertile.
  4. 4. Age is The Biggest Factor• By age 30, 7% of couples were infertile• By age 35, 11% of couples were infertile• By age 40, 33% of couples were infertile• At age 45, 87% of couples were infertileSubstantial decline in fertility begins between 35 and 40.
  5. 5. Women Are Not Alone• Low sperm counts or low sperm motility• Abnormally shaped sperm• High levels of sperm antibodies preventing conceptioncaused by vasectomy reversal• Blockage in reproductive tract that prevents sperm frommaking its way out• Varicose vein in the scrotum that may prevent normalcooling of the testicle• Genetic defects in sperm• Infections• Hormonal abnormalities that control the testiclesOne third of all infertility cases are attributed to male factor!
  6. 6. How Conception Process Works1. Follicular phase – egg development2. Ovulation – releasing egg from theovary3. Egg descends through the fallopiantubes4. Egg fertilization5. Uterus lining get ready to acceptimplantation6. Implantation of embryoConception is a simple and yet amazingly complex process!
  7. 7. Understanding Results of Semen AnalysisCONCENTRATIONConcentration simply means quantity of sperm.The normal range for sperm is between 20 and 250 million sperm per ml ofsemen. You are more likely to be fertile, if your ejaculate contains morethan 35 million sperm.MOTILITYMotility denotes the percentage of the sperm that ismoving.Youre most likely to conceive, if more than 50 percent of your sperm aremoving.MORPHOLOGYThe term morphology means quality. That is, yoursperm should be normally shaped.Youre most likely to be fertile, if more than 5 percent of your sperm have anormal shape (oval head, long tail) and structure.
  8. 8. Shape of Normal Sperm
  9. 9. Likelihood of Getting Pregnant by AgeThe likelihood of infertility dramatically increases for women after 35.
  10. 10. Miscarriages Increase with AgeThe likelihood of miscarrying increases with age.
  11. 11. Getting Pregnant with Donor EggAbility to carry a child full term remains high for many!
  12. 12. Measuring Ovarian Reserve1. Antral Follicle Count(ultrasound test)2. Day 3 FSH test3. AMH level testAlthough not perfect, these tests will tell a great deal aboutwhether you have eggs and can use them for IVF.Women are born with about one million immature eggs, or follicles, in theirovaries. When a woman reaches puberty and starts to menstruate, only about400,000 follicles remain. With each menstrual cycle, a thousand follicles arelost and only one follicle will mature into an ovum egg.
  13. 13. Male Fertility Declines More Gradually• Males retain their fertility well intoold age.• Sperm production declinessignificantly with age.• 30% decline in most men wouldnot be sufficient to render theminfertile.• If the sperm can fertilize eggs,we usually dont see poor embryoquality due to reduced spermquality.Senior Senator Strom Thurman fathered a child at age 81.
  14. 14. Criteria for Selecting IVF Clinic• Qualifications and experience ofreproductive endocrinologists andembryologists• Number of cycles• Success rates• Communication• Testimonial and references from patients who had babiesand those who didn’t get pregnant• Price• Familiarity with latest IVF techniques and technology
  15. 15. Common IVF Questions on Our Blog1. Why IVF clinics use birth control?2. Can I time my IVF cycles?3. Why are egg donor cycle so expensive?4. Why are IVF treatments abroad less expensive?5. How long do I need to stay outside the U.S.?6. Is there an alternative to costly vasectomy reversalsurgery?7. Why many IVF doctors do not recommend reversing tiedtubes?8. When is the embryo transfer?9. Tell me about cryopreserving eggs and left over embryos?10. What is Comprehensive Chromosome Screening and howdoes it differ from PGD?Visit our Blog at to findanswers to these and many other questions.
  16. 16. MedVacation Clinics Abroad• We work with accredited facilities that followthe same ASRM standards and guidelines.• Our fertility clinics perform between 500and 3,000 IVF cycles a year.• Many doctors hold Ph.D’s in addition toMD’s degrees.• Use latest technology such as CCS.• Success rates using own eggs rangebetween 50 and 54 percent.• Success rates for egg donor cycles arebetween 60 and 64 percent.• We offer prices which are 40-60 percentbelow those offered by U.S. clinics.
  17. 17. (720) 837-2378www.theMedVacation.comP.O. Box 653 Denver, CO 80202 USA ∙ ∙ (720) 837-2378 ∙ info@theMedVacation.comFERTILITY TOURISMIVF TREATMENTS ABROADYOUR PARTNER FOR QUALITY MEDICALPROCEDURES AT EXOTIC LOCATIONS