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Civil War and American Literature (General Perspective )

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CIVIL WAR AND AMERICAN LITERATURE (GENERAL PERSPECTIVE)

CIVIL WAR AND AMERICAN LITERATURE (GENERAL PERSPECTIVE)

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  • 1. CIVIL WAR AND AMERICAN LITERATURE (GENERAL PERSPECTIVE) PRESENTERS: • MECNUN GENÇ • GÜRKAN ATALAR • BÜNYAMİN ÜNVER
  • 2.  American literature began with the oral traditions of the indigenous tribes.
  • 3.  A little bit later, we see more creative words.
  • 4. An example of this is the poem ‘Contemplations’ in which we find the lines: Some time now past in the autumnal tide... The trees all richly clad, yet void of pride... Their leaves and fruits seemed painted, but was true Of green, of red, of yellow; mixed hue
  • 5.  During the years leading up to the Revolutionary War,
  • 6.  The question of slavery was one which all the great writers of the time addressed.
  • 7.  Before the American Civil War, …
  • 8. American Writers: Works Pre-Civil War  Emily Dickinson - I'm Nobody  Walt Whitman - Leaves of Grass  Nathaniel Hawthorne - The Scarlet Letter  Edgar Allen Poe - The Raven  Ralph Waldo Emerson - Self-Reliance  Benjamin Franklin - Poor Richard's Almanac  Thomas Paine - Common Sense  Thomas Jefferson - The Declaration of
  • 9. Civil War’s Impact on American Literature The war spread various view and practices. The nature of war was a subject frequently remarked.
  • 10.  Some prominent literary artist and their works written during the war period:  Ambrose Bierce Corporal and Chickamauga  Elizabeth Akers Allen In The Defences  Thomas Basley Aldrich Fredericksburg  Walt Whitman: Cavalry Crossing a Ford Vigil Strange I Kept On The Field One Night The Wound-Dresser
  • 11.  Black Spiritual Hymn ‘’Down By The Riverside’’ was written by middle class white college students in 1865.  ‘’They shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war anymore.’’
  • 12. American Literature After Civil War
  • 13. THE RISE OF REALISM  The effects of the war also helped to destroy romantic and sentimental modes of writing, whereby writers sought to ennoble their readers, offer ideal visions of society, and avoid the seamy side of life.
  • 14.  Mark Twain's ‘‘Adventures of Huckleberry Finn’’  Harriet Beecher Stowe’s ‘‘Uncle Tom's Cabin’’  Herman Melville’s ‘‘Battle-Pieces’’
  • 15. DISPLACEMENT OF GOD  The war created a profound crisis of faith in the collective consciousness of Americans.
  • 16.  . Gerald Linderman’s Embattled Courage: The Experience of Combat in the American Civil War
  • 17.  After the war, writers increasingly began to secularize religious language rather than dispense with religious tropes altogether.
  • 18. Rebecca Harding Davis's novella ‘‘Life in the Iron Mills’’
  • 19. THE MASCULINIZATION OF SOCIETY  The mentality of war destroyed the status of the domestic sphere as a sacred site that would ennoble and nurture its inhabitants. Women increasingly sought to participate in the battles of life along with men, in part as a means to gain power and basic rights.
  • 20.  Harriet Beecher Stowe published the books: "The True Story of Lady Byron's Life" and " Lady Byron Vindicated: A History of the Byron Controversy "
  • 21.  Louisa May Alcott brilliantly captured the emerging masculinization of culture in her two war novels,  ‘‘Hospital Sketches’’  ‘‘ Little Women’’
  • 22. References  http://www.enotes.com/civil-war-67481- reference/civil-war  http://www.humanitiestexas.org/news/arti cles/how-civil-war-transformed- american-literature-talk-randall-fuller  The Imagined Civil War: Popular Literature of the North & South, 1861-1865 by Alice Fahs  http://meagdub.hubpages.com/hub/American- Literature-prior-to-Civil-War  http://meagdub.hubpages.com/hub/American- Literature-prior-to-Civil-War
  • 23. References  http://docsouth.unc.edu/southlit/civilwar.html  http://voices.yahoo.com/the-civil-wars-impact- american-literature-775139.html?cat=37  http://www.humanitiestexas.org/news/articles/ how-civil-war-transformed-american- literature-talk-randall-fuller  http://www.enotes.com/civil-war-67481- reference/civil-war  http://www.civilwarnews.com/reviews/2011br/ august/rising-fuller-b081107.html  http://quizlet.com/8518267/american-writers- works-pre-civil-war-flash-cards/

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