Digitalkonferansen 2012 cloud, consumerization, cloud and all the rest-morgan simonsen
Cloud, Consumerization, Collaboration and all the rest… Morgan Simonsen Technical Evangelist Atea email@example.com @msimonsen morgansimonsen.wordpress.com
Agenda• What is the cloud?• What is consumerization?• What is collaboration?• Fusion: How to make it work together!• Security• What can I do today?
What is the Cloud?• Cloud means delivering IT as a service – It’s no longer you mail server, but your mail service• Cloud based IT delivery has the following characteristics: – Pooled resources/multi-tenancy – Self-Service – Elasticity – Usage based• Can be either private or public• Service models: – Infrastructure as a service (IaaS) – Platform as a service (PaaS) – Software as a service (SaaS)• Software+service• Cloudbursting
Management in the cloud• Management of the private cloud and public cloud is very different• Public clouds never expose complex protocols – HTTP – REST API – FTP – SCP• In your private datacenter you have total control
Cloud security (or lack thereof?)• Where is your data? Your• Jurisdiction? server here!
Players• Google – SaaS – PaaS• Microsoft – Office365 (SaaS) – Windows Azure (PaaS/IaaS)• Amazon Web Services – IaaS
Cloud storage• Cloud storage is a model of networked online storage where data is stored in virtualized pools of storage which are generally hosted by third parties – SkyDrive – SkyDrive Pro – Google Drive – Dropbox – Ubuntu One• Applications now directory integrate with cloud storage – Office 2013
The gift of foresight…• Douglas Parkhill: The Challenge of the Computer Utility (1966)
What is Consumerization?• Consumerization is the growing tendency for new information technology to emerge first in the consumer market and then spread into business and government organizations. – The reverse used to be true• Bring Your Own Device (BYOD)• Security• Service delivery• Who owns the data/device?• No more managed devices• Delivery – Terminal services – VDI – Web Service – Client Hypervisor
What is Collaboration?• Any technology that facilitates linking of two or more humans to work together can be considered a collaborative tool – E-mail – Instant messaging – Video conferencing – Social media • Facebook • Twitter • Yammer• Collaboration must work across all devices and services
Consuming and connecting• Web service with username/password – Old school• Federation – Claims based resouce access• Cloud based identities – Microsoft Account – Google ID – Oracle – Facebook• Authorized apps• Hosted directories – Windows Azure Active Directory
Service delivery• HTTP is still king! – REST API – Supports encryption and authentication through TLS/SSL and auth encapsulation – No new protocol looks to replace it – Augmented by SOAP and XML• Cloud is all about the app – And the app is web-based
Hardware and networking• Near Field Communication (NFC) – Wirelessly deliver your cloud based ID to providers – Will enable «Minority Report» like scenarios• Networking – Any new service MUST support IPv6 – Your net really isn’t important anymore (don’t buy that new expensive firewall)• SmartPhones• Integrated devices like SixthSense – Consume metadata from the cloud everywhere – http://www.ted.com/talks/pattie_maes_demos_the_sixth_sense.html
Security• The device and its authentication less important• Everything becomes user based – How to provide strong authentication?• Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) – Digital certificates• Two-factor authentication – Expensive and not user friendly• Privacy – Huge amount of digital traces
Summary• The Cloud is the biggest shift in the IT industry since the Internet – Adopt or die – Whoever you are; you’re going there (money talks)• Consumerization will shift focus to users not devices – So much easier when Apple and Blackberry were just fruits• Collaboration will increase on all fronts – The challenge will be to disconnect!