Mosaic pp

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Michael Emerson

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Mosaic pp

  1. 1. Why We Need the Multiracial, Multiethnic, Multicultural Church
  2. 2. 2 Racialized Society Race matters profoundly for differences in life EXPERIENCES, life OPPORTUNITIES, and social RELATIONSHIPS.  Allocates rewards UNEQUALLY by race.
  3. 3. US is racialized in at least the following areas (1) health (2) death (3) employment (4) marriage (5) occupation (6) life expectancy (7) crime (8) persnl & social identity (9) advertising (10) names (11) education (12) neighborhoods (13) auto loan rates (14) SES & spatial mobility (15) consumerism (16) respect (17) expectations (18) music (19) religion (20) cost of products (21) mortgage rates (22) history (23) TV watching (24) wealth (25) property values (26) politics (27) entrepreneurship (28) access to hi-qual affdble products (29) self-esteem (30) product mark-up prices (31) env polltion, haz waste (32) social networks (33) school lunch tables (34) comfortable access to places around the nation 3
  4. 4. Distribution of Urban Poor by Neighborhood Poverty Rate 4
  5. 5. Wealth Differences by Race, 1988 White Median Net Worth Black Median Net Worth Overall $43,800 3,700 Upper White-Collar Occupation Only $66,800 12,303 Upper White Collar Occupation & Parents’ Upper White Collar $70,850 17,499 College Graduate $74,922 17,437 5 NET WORTH = Assets – Debts NET FINANCIAL ASSETS = NET WORTH – Housing and Vehicle Assets Source: Oliver and Shapiro (1995), Tables 4.4, 5.1, 5.7, and 6.6
  6. 6. Wealth Differences 2002 • Black Median Net Worth $6,000 • Hispanic Median Net Worth $8,000 • White Median Net Worth $90,000 • White/Hispanic Ratio 11.25 (10.0 1988) • White/Black Ratio 15.00 (11.8 1988) 6 SOURCE: http://www.prospect.org/cs/articles? article=race_wealth_and_intergenerational_pov erty
  7. 7. Wealth Differences Over Time • Followed same 2000 black and white families from 1983 to 2007, examining changes in the racial wealth gap. • Found a 4 fold-increase in the gap over this time. 7
  8. 8. 8 Source: Thomas Shapiro et al. May 2010. The Racial Wealth Gap Increases Fourfold. Institute on Assets and Social Policy, Research and Policy Brief. Brandeis University.
  9. 9. RACE IN THE U.S. More of Society’s Rewards Less of Society’s Rewards WHITES BLACKS Foreign American ASIANS HISPANICS N ATIVE AM ER IC AN S
  10. 10. US is racialized in at least the following areas (1) health (2) death (3) employment (4) marriage (5) occupation (6) life expectancy (7) crime (8) persnl & social identity (9) advertising (10) names (11) education (12) neighborhoods (13) auto loan rates (14) SES & spatial mobility (15) consumerism (16) respect (17) expectations (18) music (19) religion (20) cost of products (21) mortgage rates (22) history (23) TV watching (24) wealth (25) property values (26) politics (27) entrepreneurship (28) access to hi-qual affdble products (29) self-esteem (30) product mark-up prices (31) env polltion, haz waste (32) social networks (33) school lunch tables (34) comfortable access to places around the nation 10
  11. 11. 11 Racial Comp of Am. Congregations
  12. 12. Racially Mixed Churches & Mosques 12  
  13. 13. How Segregated is the U.S. Church? Churches are 10 times more segregated than the neighborhoods they sit in. And they are 20 times more segregated than public schools. Here is what Martin Luther King’s mentor, Dr. Benjamin May’s, who was a pastor, president of Morehouse College, and author, had to say in his autobiography, published shortly before his death in the 1960s:
  14. 14. MLK mentor, Benjamin Mays • "I hold, nevertheless, that my overall critique of the local church is accurate, and that it will be a sad commentary on our life and times if a historian writing in the year 2000 can still truthfully say that the most segregated institution in the United States is the 'Church of the Living God.'" • (page 264 of his book, Born to Rebel: An Autobiography.) 14
  15. 15. What Should Be
  16. 16. Jesus’ Prayer for FutureJesus’ Prayer for Future BelieversBelievers John 17:20-23John 17:20-23 “My prayer is not for them [the disciples] alone. I pray also for those who will believe in me through their message [us today] that all of them may be ONE Father, just as you are in me and I am in you. May they also be in us so that the world may believe you sent me . . . May they be brought to complete unity to let the world know you sent me . . .”
  17. 17. We are to work for Unity and Justice. And our churches Houses of Prayer for All nations.
  18. 18. What Can Be
  19. 19. 19 A. Social Ties Benefits
  20. 20. 20 Circle of Friends: Percent Reporting Most or All the Same Race Same R No Cong Interracial n ALL 83 70 36 2550 White 87 78 44 1615 Black 70 46 46 296 Latino 73 50 33 304 Asian 58 36 15 209 All Differences significant at .05 level, one-tailed, using both ANOVA and chi-square tests. Exception: Blacks not in congregations and Blacks in Interracial congregations.
  21. 21. 21 A. Social Ties B. Organizational Home for Multiracial families and people C. Group Formation and Solidarity Benefits
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  29. 29. 29 A. Social Ties B. Organizational Home for Multiracial families and people C. Group Formation and Solidarity D. Altered Racial Attitudes E. Reduced Inequalities—economic, social, spiritual Benefits E. Growing Churches, New Christians
  30. 30. How to become Multiracial 1. Attempt to attract people of different backgrounds. 2. Member exchange 3. Merge two or more different race congregations 4. Begin a new congregation 5. Leave own church and go to one filled with people of a different race
  31. 31. Why We Need the Multiracial, Multiethnic, Multicultural Church

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