Military families in higher education

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Military families in higher education

  1. 1. Working With Military Families in Higher Education JAMES MCAULEY, LAMFT CLADDAGH COUNSELING
  2. 2. Tips for the Webex Please put all phones on mute We will go through the presentation and then have time for Q&A Questions will be submitted via the chat section You can submit your question at any point during the presentation
  3. 3. OBJECTIVES• GAIN AN UNDERSTANDING OF THE MILITARY CULTURE• DEPLOYMENT CYCLE• BATTLEMIND IN HIGHER EDUCATION• MILITARY FAMILIES• EFFORTS• RESOURCES
  4. 4. Statistics on VeteransSince September 11, 2001: Over 1.6 Million members of the U.S. Armed Forces have deployed in support of OIF/OEF 52% Active Duty 48% Reserve & National Guard More than 400,000 have sought care from a VAMC It is anticipated that this number will increase to over 700,000 over the next few years. Demographics: 75% between the age of 20-39 88% male 12% female 92% enlisted 8% officer Air Force- 19% Army 52% USMC 13% Navy 16%
  5. 5. THE MILITARY CULTURE• Unique in it‟s diversity • Responsibilities and• Drills and Ceremonies Relationships• Ethics and Values • Awards and Badges• Health and Fitness • Esprit De Corps• Code of Conduct• Gender Roles
  6. 6. THE MILITARY CULTURE con‟t• Different Branch‟s Component‟s – Army- Reserve-National Guard – Navy Reserve – Marine Corps Reserve – Air Force Reserve, Air Guard – Coast Guard Reserve
  7. 7. THE MILITARY CULTURE con‟t• Our own language- – Military acronyms – Military time ( 1900 hrs = 7:00 pm) – Military Phonetic Alphabet (Alpha, Bravo, Charlie)
  8. 8. Specific Military Characteristics• Army Seven Values- Loyalty, Duty, Respect, Service, Honor, Integrity, Courage• Navy Core Values- Honor, Courage, Commitment• Air Force Core Values- Service before self, Excellence in all we do, Integrity first• The Marine Corps Values: Honor, Courage, Commitment• Coast Guard Values: Honor, Respect, Devotion to Duty
  9. 9. Deployment Cycle Pre- Deployment Post- Deploymentdeployment Re- Sustainment deployment
  10. 10. Phase I Pre-Deployment• Anticipation of loss vs. denial• Train up- Long Hours• Getting affairs in order (the checklists)• Mental/physical distancing• Arguments• “Double Bind” you want to spend time with but you end up distancing yourself
  11. 11. Phase II Deployment• Mixed emotions/relief• Disoriented overwhelmed• Numb, sad, alone• Trouble sleeping• Security issues• With kids oppositional behavior, limits, academic problems
  12. 12. Phase III Sustainment• New routines established• New sources of support• Independence- regained control• Confidence• Reports of: • Sadness Depression Anxiety • Loneliness Anger Feeling Overwhelmed • Numbness Relief Sleep disturbances • Health complaints
  13. 13. Phase IV Re-Deployment• Anticipation, excitement• Apprehension• Unmet expectations• Upsetting of newly created routines and rules
  14. 14. Phase V Post-Deployment• Honeymoon• Loss of independence• Need for own space• Renegotiations• Reintegration• Not uncommon for both spouses to have unrealistic expectations
  15. 15. Possible Areas For Concern1. Multiple deployments are common causing stress and family attachment issues2. An April „08 Rand Study reported 37% have either PTSD, TBI, or significant Mental Stress (5% all 3). Some estimate >50% return with some form of mental distress3. Suicide, alcoholism, domestic abuse and violent crimes rates are rising. Suicide is 33% higher in „07 over ‟06, 50% higher in „08, and almost equal to „08 by May of ‟094. Military Sexual Trauma (MST) is running at 16%-23% 15
  16. 16. Possible Areas For Concern5. In 2008, military children and teens sought outpatient mental health care 2 million times, a 20% increase from „08 and double from the start of the Iraq war („03)6. DoD and VA facilities are stretched … the Aug 2009 VA claims backlog is 900,0007. Many more Reservists & Guard than previous wars (54% as of mid „08) and they and families are more distant from DoD and VA support facilities8. Other mental health, marriage, and family problems often occur with or leading up to PTSD requiring attention so they don‟t get worse9. Rand Study estimates that PTSD and depression among service members will cost the nation up to $6.2 billion in the two years after deployment. The study concludes that investing in proper treatment would actually save $2 billion within two years
  17. 17. From the Sandbox to the Snow Blower• Battlemind includes combat skills and battle mindset that sustained soldiers survival in a combat zone.• Battlemind may be hazardous to soldiers social and behavioral health in the home zone (and at work).
  18. 18. Battlemind Successful Transitions• Adjustment• Strengths• Translate Skills• Effectiveness
  19. 19. BattlemindProfessional Combat Skills of Survival• Buddies (Cohesion)• Accountability• Targeted Aggression• Tactical Awareness• Lethally Armed• Emotionally Controlled• Mission Operational Security• Individual Responsibility• Non-defensive (Combat) Driving• Discipline and Ordering
  20. 20. BATTLEMIND FOR SPOUSESBonds (Social Support)Adding/Subtracting Family RolesTaking ControlTalking it OutLoyalty and CommitmentEmotional BalanceMental Health and ReadinessIndependenceNavigating the Army SystemDenial of Self (Self-Sacrifice
  21. 21. BATTLEMIND FOR HIGHER EDUCATIONBarriersAdvocacyTransfer creditsTraining/eventsLearn from your students experiencesEntitlements/benefitsMaking genuine efforts on your campusInitiating policiesNavigating through the maze of higher educationDemands Created by J. McAuley copyright pending
  22. 22. BATTLEMINDBarriers- Identify possible barriers that your campus may have in place Take a walk through the shoes of your student veterans and their families Survey current students to identify possible barriers
  23. 23. BATTLEMINDAdvocacy- Who on your campus advocates for student veterans, current/prior military and their families? Student veterans Organization Local veterans support groups
  24. 24. BATTLEMINDTransfer Credits What is your campuses policy with accepting military credits?
  25. 25. BATTLEMINDTraining/Events Staff/faculty trainings Students Campus Community Student Veterans, military, families
  26. 26. BATTLEMINDLearn from your students These men/women and their families can be great leaders on your campuses in many ways. Tap into their experiences in the classroom, SVO, Student Senate, Frat/Sorority, Athletics, Academics
  27. 27. BATTLEMINDEntitlements/Benefits This is an ever changing world Great increase with Post 9/11 GI Bill Transfer of benefits to dependents Scholarships, Grants
  28. 28. BATTLEMINDMaking genuine efforts on your campus Go to the trainings on your campus/community Don‟t just do things for the media/ politics Veterans friendly campus? Sustained efforts (more long term than short term) Engage your SVO and their families with your campus community
  29. 29. BATTLEMINDInitiating Policies- Admission Financial Aid Excused absences Classroom Transfer credits Educate Staff on policies Gathering data
  30. 30. BATTLEMINDNavigating the maze of higher education One stop shop Veterans Resource Center Identify specific staff in departments Specific advising/registration days Hire campus staff
  31. 31. BATTLEMINDDemands Appointments Drill weekends Activations
  32. 32. Military Families• Over 700,000 children in the U.S. have at least one parent deployed• 43% AD and 43% RES/NG troops have at least one child• There are over 37 million dependents of Veterans of all era’s• 50-60% of spouses of veterans with a TBI have reported having depression
  33. 33. Military Families• Stressors – Change in school/job – Loss/reduction in income – Risk of injury/death – 2nd or 3rd deployment – Studies show that the longer the deployment spouse satisfaction with military life decreases – Lack of support – Deployed SM missing important events – Childcare – Communications
  34. 34. Efforts• Beyond the Yellow Ribbon• MDVA-LSS CORE• VAMC• Military OneSource• Warrior to Citizen-• FRC/FRG/FAC• Hiring staff -• Veterans Taskforce/ Advisory committee
  35. 35. EffortsCampuses- U of M, U of SD, U of I, UMASS, NJ,State- CA, NY, MN, MA, TX, ID, NJStudent Veterans of America- 200 Student GroupsSchool Systems- MNSCU, MASS, NJ, CA, TX, IAOperationVets- RIMDVA-Higher Education Veterans ProgramSERV- Cleveland State UniversityOperation College Promise- NJ
  36. 36. Additional Resources• Military Onesource www.militaryonesource.com list of organizations statewide http://4militaryfamilies.com/• Minnesota Veteran www.minnesotaveteran.org• National Center for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder www.ptsd.va.gov• Beyond the Yellow Ribbon www.btyr.org County Veteran Service Officer- http://www.macvso.org/
  37. 37. Additional Resources• Wounded Warrior Program www.woundedwarriorproject.org• Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services www.samhsa.gov• Brain Injury Assoc. of Minnesota www.braininjurymn.org/• Army‟s Hooah 4 Health www.hooha4health.com• American Red Cross: http://redcross.org• TRICARE: http://www.tricare.osd.mil• Employer Support of the Reserve and Guard www.esgr.org
  38. 38. Additional Resources• National Military Family Association- www.nmfa.org• Military Homefront- www.militaryhomefront.dod.mil• 4 military families- www.4militaryfamilies.com• Military Family Research Institute @ Purdue www.mfri.purdue.edu• Military Family Network- www.emilitary.org
  39. 39. References• http://www.militaryfamily.org/publications/reports/• http://www.mfri.purdue.edu/• http://cs.mhf.dod.mil/content/dav/mhf/QOL- Library/Project%20Documents/MilitaryHOMEFRONT/Re ports/Final%20Report%20with%20Appendices.pdf• http://www.hooah4health.com/• http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/content/abstract/ peds.2009-1180v1• http://www.helppromotehope.com/documents/Veteran_S tatistics.pdf
  40. 40. References• http://www.sofarusa.org/download_brochures_fl yers_multimedia_links.html• http://www.beyondtheyellowribbon.org/HomePa ge• https://www.resilience.army.mil/
  41. 41. Contact InfoJames McAuley, LAMFTCladdagh Counseling14 Seventh Ave North St Cloud MN 56301 james@claddaghcounseling.com 320-223-0015

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