Menu Behaviorism Theorists In the classroom My classroom
BehaviorismA theory of learning based upon the idea that all behaviors are acquired through conditioning. Behaviorists assert that the only behaviors worthy of study are those that can be directly observed. Like actions, rather than thoughts or emotions, which are the legitimate object of study.
Behaviorism There are two different types of conditioning. Classical Conditioning: behavioral training in which a naturally occurring stimulus is paired with a response. Operant Conditioning: learning that occurs through rewards and punishment for behavior. Back to menu
Theorist Burrhus Frederic Skinner (B.F Skinner)- chairman of the psychology department at Indiana University. His entire theory is based on operant conditioning. In operant conditioning: “the behavior is followed by a consequence, and the nature of the consequence modifies the organisms tendency to repeat the behavior in the future.” Imagine a rat in a cage (“Skinner Box”)
Theorist Continuous reinforcement is every time the rat does a good behavior it gets a reward. Skinner was the first to discover the fixed ratio schedule. a fixed ratio between behaviors and reinforcers. Back to menu
In the Classroom Teachers could use this theory to their advantage. Teachers can use operant conditioning all the time. When a student does something good or maybe gets a question right they will get a reward. When a student does something bad they will get punished or get something taken away.
In the Classroom Classical conditioning is better learned than taught. When something good happens they will have a good response. For example, if the student gets a good grade on a test then the student is happy and has a boost of confidence. That confidence is their response. Back to menu
My Classroom If a student gets a question right I will reward them with candy or a trip to the treasure box. If a student does good on a test then they can receive a few more minutes on the computers. In my classroom I will keep things equal. A student will only receive what they deserve.
My Classroom Behaviorism is not just rewards. There are also punishments. In my class if a student does something bad then they will be punished. If a student does not complete their homework then they cannot play at recess. If a student acts out in class they will have to move their clip. If they move it too much there will be a phone call home. Back to menu