Chapter 19—The Heart
Structure of
the Heart

Pathway of
Blood through
the Heart and
Heart Valves

Conducting
System and
In...
Structure of the Heart:

$100 Question

Which is correct about the fibrous pericardium?
a. It adheres to the diaphragm inf...
Structure of the Heart:

$100 Answer

Which is correct about the fibrous pericardium?
a. It adheres to the diaphragm infer...
Structure of the Heart:

$200 Question

Which layer forms the bulk of the heart
and is the layer that actually contracts?
...
Structure of the Heart:

$200 Answer

Which layer forms the bulk of the heart
and is the layer that actually contracts?
a....
Structure of the Heart:

$300 Question

The ventricles of the heart contain __________.
a. pectinate muscles, crista termi...
Structure of the Heart:

$300 Answer

The ventricles of the heart contain __________.
a. pectinate muscles, crista termina...
Structure of the Heart:

$400 Question

The mitral valve, when closed, prevents
blood from back-flowing into the _______.
...
Structure of the Heart:

$400 Answer

The mitral valve, when closed, prevents
blood from back-flowing into the _______.
a....
Structure of the Heart:

$500 Question

Horizontal ridges that line the anterior part
of the right atrium and the left aur...
Structure of the Heart:

$500 Answer

Horizontal ridges that line the anterior part
of the right atrium and the left auric...
Pathway of Blood through the Heart and Heart Valves:

$100 Question

The coronary sinus __________.
a. allows blood to mov...
Pathway of Blood through the Heart and Heart Valves:

$100 Answer

The coronary sinus __________.
a. allows blood to move ...
Pathway of Blood through the Heart and Heart Valves:

$200 Question

The pulmonary veins __________.
a. carry de-oxygenate...
Pathway of Blood through the Heart and Heart Valves:

$200 Answer

The pulmonary veins __________.
a. carry de-oxygenated ...
Pathway of Blood through the Heart and Heart Valves:

$300 Question

Which of the following is correct about the
left vent...
Pathway of Blood through the Heart and Heart Valves:

$300 Answer

Which of the following is correct about the
left ventri...
Pathway of Blood through the Heart and Heart Valves:

$400 Question

When the atrioventricular (AV) valves close,
________...
Pathway of Blood through the Heart and Heart Valves:

$400 Answer

When the atrioventricular (AV) valves close,
__________...
Pathway of Blood through the Heart and Heart Valves:

$500 Question

Which is correct when the heart valves close?
a. The ...
Pathway of Blood through the Heart and Heart Valves:

$500 Answer

Which is correct when the heart valves close?
a. The mi...
Conducting System and Innervation:

$100 Question

The heart’s pacemaker is known as
__________.
a. the AV node
b. the Pur...
Conducting System and Innervation:

$100 Answer

The heart’s pacemaker is known as
__________.
a. the AV node
b. the Purki...
Conducting System and Innervation:

$200 Question

Because it is nonconducting, what is true of the
fibrous skeleton that ...
Conducting System and Innervation:

$200 Answer

Because it is nonconducting, what is true of the
fibrous skeleton that se...
Conducting System and Innervation:

$300 Question

A lesion to the heart’s parasympathetic
fibers would __________.
a. dec...
Conducting System and Innervation:

$300 Answer

A lesion to the heart’s parasympathetic
fibers would __________.
a. decre...
Conducting System and Innervation:

$400 Question

The conducting zone carries impulses along
which pathway?
a. AV node, S...
Conducting System and Innervation:

$400 Answer

The conducting zone carries impulses along
which pathway?
a. AV node, SA ...
Conducting System and Innervation:

$500 Question

The cells of the SA and AV nodes are
_________.
a. specialized smooth m...
Conducting System and Innervation:

$500 Answer

The cells of the SA and AV nodes are
_________.
a. specialized smooth mus...
Blood Supply to the Heart and Disorders of the Heart:

$100 Question

Which of the following are correct about the
heart’s...
Blood Supply to the Heart and Disorders of the Heart:

$100 Answer

Which of the following are correct about the
heart’s b...
Blood Supply to the Heart and Disorders of the Heart:

$200 Question

Which of the following are risk factors for
coronary...
Blood Supply to the Heart and Disorders of the Heart:

$200 Answer

Which of the following are risk factors for
coronary a...
Blood Supply to the Heart and Disorders of the Heart:

$300 Question

Which is correct regarding angina
pectoris?
a. It oc...
Blood Supply to the Heart and Disorders of the Heart:

$300 Answer

Which is correct regarding angina
pectoris?
a. It occu...
Blood Supply to the Heart and Disorders of the Heart:

$400 Question

The right coronary artery branches into
__________.
...
Blood Supply to the Heart and Disorders of the Heart:

$400 Answer

The right coronary artery branches into
__________.
a....
Blood Supply to the Heart and Disorders of the Heart:

$500 Question

The circumflex artery __________.
a. supplies the an...
Blood Supply to the Heart and Disorders of the Heart:

$500 Answer

The circumflex artery __________.
a. supplies the ante...
The Heart Throughout Life:

$100 Question

The embryo’s heart starts pumping on the
________ day of its development.
a. 18...
The Heart Throughout Life:

$100 Answer

The embryo’s heart starts pumping on the
________ day of its development.
a. 18th...
The Heart Throughout Life:

$200 Question

The correct direction of blood flow through the
heart tube’s four bulges is ___...
The Heart Throughout Life:

$200 Answer

The correct direction of blood flow through the
heart tube’s four bulges is _____...
The Heart Throughout Life:

$300 Question

The embryonic atrium eventually __________.
a. becomes the smooth-walled part o...
The Heart Throughout Life:

$300 Answer

The embryonic atrium eventually __________.
a. becomes the smooth-walled part of ...
The Heart Throughout Life:

$400 Question

Until birth the two atria are connected by a hole
in the interatrial septum cal...
The Heart Throughout Life:

$400 Answer

Until birth the two atria are connected by a hole
in the interatrial septum calle...
The Heart Throughout Life:

$500 Question

Which are age-related changes affecting the
heart?
a. hardening and thickening ...
The Heart Throughout Life:

$500 Answer

Which are age-related changes affecting the
heart?
a. hardening and thickening of...
FINAL ROUND Question

The defects associated with the Tetralogy
of Fallot, one of a number of congenital
heart defects, in...
FINAL ROUND Answer

The defects associated with the Tetralogy
of Fallot, one of a number of congenital
heart defects, incl...
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Anat 201 Ch 19 quiz show

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Anat 201 Ch 19 quiz show

  1. 1. Chapter 19—The Heart Structure of the Heart Pathway of Blood through the Heart and Heart Valves Conducting System and Innervation Blood Supply to the Heart and Disorders of the Heart $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $300 $300 $300 $300 $300 $400 $400 $400 $400 $400 $500 $500 $500 $500 $500 The Heart Throughout Life FINAL ROUND
  2. 2. Structure of the Heart: $100 Question Which is correct about the fibrous pericardium? a. It adheres to the diaphragm inferiorly. b. It acts as a tough outer coat that holds the heart in place and prevents it from overfilling. c. It is superficial to the double-layered serous pericardium. d. All of the above ANSWER BACK TO GAME
  3. 3. Structure of the Heart: $100 Answer Which is correct about the fibrous pericardium? a. It adheres to the diaphragm inferiorly. b. It acts as a tough outer coat that holds the heart in place and prevents it from overfilling. c. It is superficial to the double-layered serous pericardium. d. All of the above BACK TO GAME
  4. 4. Structure of the Heart: $200 Question Which layer forms the bulk of the heart and is the layer that actually contracts? a. endocardium b. myocardium c. endomysium d. epicardium ANSWER BACK TO GAME
  5. 5. Structure of the Heart: $200 Answer Which layer forms the bulk of the heart and is the layer that actually contracts? a. endocardium b. myocardium c. endomysium d. epicardium BACK TO GAME
  6. 6. Structure of the Heart: $300 Question The ventricles of the heart contain __________. a. pectinate muscles, crista terminalis, fossa ovalis b. chordae tendineae, papillary muscles, fossa ovalis c. trabeculae carneae, chordae tendineae, papillary muscles d. papillary muscles, pectinate muscles, pulmonary trunk ANSWER BACK TO GAME
  7. 7. Structure of the Heart: $300 Answer The ventricles of the heart contain __________. a. pectinate muscles, crista terminalis, fossa ovalis b. chordae tendineae, papillary muscles, fossa ovalis c. trabeculae carneae, chordae tendineae, papillary muscles d. papillary muscles, pectinate muscles, pulmonary trunk BACK TO GAME
  8. 8. Structure of the Heart: $400 Question The mitral valve, when closed, prevents blood from back-flowing into the _______. a. right atrium b. left atrium c. right ventricle d. left ventricle ANSWER BACK TO GAME
  9. 9. Structure of the Heart: $400 Answer The mitral valve, when closed, prevents blood from back-flowing into the _______. a. right atrium b. left atrium c. right ventricle d. left ventricle BACK TO GAME
  10. 10. Structure of the Heart: $500 Question Horizontal ridges that line the anterior part of the right atrium and the left auricle are known as ________. a. papillary muscles b. pectinate muscles c. chordae tendineae d. trabeculae carneae ANSWER BACK TO GAME
  11. 11. Structure of the Heart: $500 Answer Horizontal ridges that line the anterior part of the right atrium and the left auricle are known as ________. a. papillary muscles b. pectinate muscles c. chordae tendineae d. trabeculae carneae BACK TO GAME
  12. 12. Pathway of Blood through the Heart and Heart Valves: $100 Question The coronary sinus __________. a. allows blood to move from ventricle to ventricle b. is where blood enters when leaving the right ventricle c. is a branch off the pulmonary trunk d. Returns almost all the venous blood from the heart to the right atrium ANSWER BACK TO GAME
  13. 13. Pathway of Blood through the Heart and Heart Valves: $100 Answer The coronary sinus __________. a. allows blood to move from ventricle to ventricle b. is where blood enters when leaving the right ventricle c. is a branch off the pulmonary trunk d. Returns almost all the venous blood from the heart to the right atrium BACK TO GAME
  14. 14. Pathway of Blood through the Heart and Heart Valves: $200 Question The pulmonary veins __________. a. carry de-oxygenated blood to the left atrium b. carry oxygenated blood to the left atrium c. carry de-oxygenated blood to the lungs d. are branches of the pulmonary trunk ANSWER BACK TO GAME
  15. 15. Pathway of Blood through the Heart and Heart Valves: $200 Answer The pulmonary veins __________. a. carry de-oxygenated blood to the left atrium b. carry oxygenated blood to the left atrium c. carry de-oxygenated blood to the lungs d. are branches of the pulmonary trunk BACK TO GAME
  16. 16. Pathway of Blood through the Heart and Heart Valves: $300 Question Which of the following is correct about the left ventricle? a. It generates the same contractile force as the right ventricle. b. It experiences only systole. c. It pumps blood into the systemic circuit. d. None of the above ANSWER BACK TO GAME
  17. 17. Pathway of Blood through the Heart and Heart Valves: $300 Answer Which of the following is correct about the left ventricle? a. It generates the same contractile force as the right ventricle. b. It experiences only systole. c. It pumps blood into the systemic circuit. d. None of the above BACK TO GAME
  18. 18. Pathway of Blood through the Heart and Heart Valves: $400 Question When the atrioventricular (AV) valves close, __________. a. papillary muscles and chordae tendineae prevent AV valve flaps from everting b. the left and right atria are in systole c. the left and right ventricles are in diastole d. both a and c ANSWER BACK TO GAME
  19. 19. Pathway of Blood through the Heart and Heart Valves: $400 Answer When the atrioventricular (AV) valves close, __________. a. papillary muscles and chordae tendineae prevent AV valve flaps from everting b. the left and right atria are in systole c. the left and right ventricles are in diastole d. both a and c BACK TO GAME
  20. 20. Pathway of Blood through the Heart and Heart Valves: $500 Question Which is correct when the heart valves close? a. The mitral valve closes slightly before the tricuspid valve. b. The closing of AV valves produces the “dup” sound. c. The closing of the semilunar valves produces the “lub” sound. d. All of the above are correct. ANSWER BACK TO GAME
  21. 21. Pathway of Blood through the Heart and Heart Valves: $500 Answer Which is correct when the heart valves close? a. The mitral valve closes slightly before the tricuspid valve. b. The closing of AV valves produces the “dup” sound. c. The closing of the semilunar valves produces the “lub” sound. d. All of the above are correct. BACK TO GAME
  22. 22. Conducting System and Innervation: $100 Question The heart’s pacemaker is known as __________. a. the AV node b. the Purkinje fibers c. the internodal fibers d. the SA node ANSWER BACK TO GAME
  23. 23. Conducting System and Innervation: $100 Answer The heart’s pacemaker is known as __________. a. the AV node b. the Purkinje fibers c. the internodal fibers d. the SA node BACK TO GAME
  24. 24. Conducting System and Innervation: $200 Question Because it is nonconducting, what is true of the fibrous skeleton that separates the atria and ventricles? a. It allows signals to be conducted from the atria to the ventricles. b. It forces signals to travel to the ventricles through the AV node. c. It is a conducting zone and allows signals to travel to the left atrium. d. Both a and c are true. ANSWER BACK TO GAME
  25. 25. Conducting System and Innervation: $200 Answer Because it is nonconducting, what is true of the fibrous skeleton that separates the atria and ventricles? a. It allows signals to be conducted from the atria to the ventricles. b. It forces signals to travel to the ventricles through the AV node. c. It is a conducting zone and allows signals to travel to the left atrium. d. Both a and c are true. BACK TO GAME
  26. 26. Conducting System and Innervation: $300 Question A lesion to the heart’s parasympathetic fibers would __________. a. decrease heart rate b. have no effect on heart rate c. increase heart rate d. not allow for a heartbeat to be generated ANSWER BACK TO GAME
  27. 27. Conducting System and Innervation: $300 Answer A lesion to the heart’s parasympathetic fibers would __________. a. decrease heart rate b. have no effect on heart rate c. increase heart rate d. not allow for a heartbeat to be generated BACK TO GAME
  28. 28. Conducting System and Innervation: $400 Question The conducting zone carries impulses along which pathway? a. AV node, SA node, AV bundle, Bundle branches, Purkinje fibers b. SA node, AV node, AV bundle, Bundle branches, Purkinje fibers c. AV node, SV node, AV bundle, Purkinje fibers, Bundle branches d. SV node, AV node, Purkinje fibers, Bundle branches, ANSWER Purkinje fibers BACK TO GAME
  29. 29. Conducting System and Innervation: $400 Answer The conducting zone carries impulses along which pathway? a. AV node, SA node, AV bundle, Bundle branches, Purkinje fibers b. SA node, AV node, AV bundle, Bundle branches, Purkinje fibers c. AV node, SV node, AV bundle, Purkinje fibers, Bundle branches d. SV node, AV node, Purkinje fibers, Bundle branches, Purkinje fibers BACK TO GAME
  30. 30. Conducting System and Innervation: $500 Question The cells of the SA and AV nodes are _________. a. specialized smooth muscle cells b. short, branching cells with one or two centrally located nuclei c. small, typical cardiac muscle cells d. both b and c ANSWER BACK TO GAME
  31. 31. Conducting System and Innervation: $500 Answer The cells of the SA and AV nodes are _________. a. specialized smooth muscle cells b. short, branching cells with one or two centrally located nuclei c. small, typical cardiac muscle cells d. both b and c BACK TO GAME
  32. 32. Blood Supply to the Heart and Disorders of the Heart: $100 Question Which of the following are correct about the heart’s blood supply? a. Coronary arteries supply the myocardium. b. Its blood supply comes from branches of the pulmonary veins and the aorta. c. The one and only major coronary artery is the coronary sinus. ANSWER d. all of the above BACK TO GAME
  33. 33. Blood Supply to the Heart and Disorders of the Heart: $100 Answer Which of the following are correct about the heart’s blood supply? a. Coronary arteries supply the myocardium. b. Its blood supply comes from branches of the pulmonary veins and the aorta. c. The one and only major coronary artery is the coronary sinus. d. all of the above BACK TO GAME
  34. 34. Blood Supply to the Heart and Disorders of the Heart: $200 Question Which of the following are risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD)? a. diabetes b. smoking c. inactivity d. all of the above ANSWER BACK TO GAME
  35. 35. Blood Supply to the Heart and Disorders of the Heart: $200 Answer Which of the following are risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD)? a. diabetes b. smoking c. inactivity d. all of the above BACK TO GAME
  36. 36. Blood Supply to the Heart and Disorders of the Heart: $300 Question Which is correct regarding angina pectoris? a. It occurs most often during exercise. b. It kills heart muscle cells. c. It results only from tissue hypoxia. d. All of the above are correct. ANSWER BACK TO GAME
  37. 37. Blood Supply to the Heart and Disorders of the Heart: $300 Answer Which is correct regarding angina pectoris? a. It occurs most often during exercise. b. It kills heart muscle cells. c. It results only from tissue hypoxia. d. All of the above are correct. BACK TO GAME
  38. 38. Blood Supply to the Heart and Disorders of the Heart: $400 Question The right coronary artery branches into __________. a. the anterior interventricular artery b. the posterior interventricular artery c. the marginal artery d. both b and c ANSWER BACK TO GAME
  39. 39. Blood Supply to the Heart and Disorders of the Heart: $400 Answer The right coronary artery branches into __________. a. the anterior interventricular artery b. the posterior interventricular artery c. the marginal artery d. both b and c BACK TO GAME
  40. 40. Blood Supply to the Heart and Disorders of the Heart: $500 Question The circumflex artery __________. a. supplies the anterior part of the left ventricle b. is a branch of the left coronary artery c. supplies only the left atrium d. does none of the above ANSWER BACK TO GAME
  41. 41. Blood Supply to the Heart and Disorders of the Heart: $500 Answer The circumflex artery __________. a. supplies the anterior part of the left ventricle b. is a branch of the left coronary artery c. supplies only the left atrium d. does none of the above BACK TO GAME
  42. 42. The Heart Throughout Life: $100 Question The embryo’s heart starts pumping on the ________ day of its development. a. 18th b. 22nd c. 20th d. 26th ANSWER BACK TO GAME
  43. 43. The Heart Throughout Life: $100 Answer The embryo’s heart starts pumping on the ________ day of its development. a. 18th b. 22nd c. 20th d. 26th BACK TO GAME
  44. 44. The Heart Throughout Life: $200 Question The correct direction of blood flow through the heart tube’s four bulges is _________. a. bulbus cordis, ventricle, atrium, sinus venosus b. sinus venosus, atrium, bulbus cordis, ventricle c. sinus venosus, atrium, ventricle, bulbus cordis d. atrium, sinus venosus, bulbus cordis, ventricle ANSWER BACK TO GAME
  45. 45. The Heart Throughout Life: $200 Answer The correct direction of blood flow through the heart tube’s four bulges is _________. a. bulbus cordis, ventricle, atrium, sinus venosus b. sinus venosus, atrium, bulbus cordis, ventricle c. sinus venosus, atrium, ventricle, bulbus cordis d. atrium, sinus venosus, bulbus cordis, ventricle BACK TO GAME
  46. 46. The Heart Throughout Life: $300 Question The embryonic atrium eventually __________. a. becomes the smooth-walled part of the atria b. becomes the ridged portions of the right and left atria c. gives rise to the SA node d. Allows both a and c to happen ANSWER BACK TO GAME
  47. 47. The Heart Throughout Life: $300 Answer The embryonic atrium eventually __________. a. becomes the smooth-walled part of the atria b. becomes the ridged portions of the right and left atria c. gives rise to the SA node d. Allows both a and c to happen BACK TO GAME
  48. 48. The Heart Throughout Life: $400 Question Until birth the two atria are connected by a hole in the interatrial septum called the _________. Upon closing it becomes the __________. a. fossa ovalis; foramen ovale b. foramen ovalis; fossa ovale c. foramen ovale; fossa ovalis d. foramen magnum; fossa magnum ANSWER BACK TO GAME
  49. 49. The Heart Throughout Life: $400 Answer Until birth the two atria are connected by a hole in the interatrial septum called the _________. Upon closing it becomes the __________. a. fossa ovalis; foramen ovale b. foramen ovalis; fossa ovale c. foramen ovale; fossa ovalis d. foramen magnum; fossa magnum BACK TO GAME
  50. 50. The Heart Throughout Life: $500 Question Which are age-related changes affecting the heart? a. hardening and thickening of the cusps of the heart valves b. less efficient sympathetic control of the heart c. greater amount of fibrous tissue replacing cardiac muscle cells d. all of the above ANSWER BACK TO GAME
  51. 51. The Heart Throughout Life: $500 Answer Which are age-related changes affecting the heart? a. hardening and thickening of the cusps of the heart valves b. less efficient sympathetic control of the heart c. greater amount of fibrous tissue replacing cardiac muscle cells d. all of the above BACK TO GAME
  52. 52. FINAL ROUND Question The defects associated with the Tetralogy of Fallot, one of a number of congenital heart defects, include __________. a. pulmonary trunk is too narrow b. wall of right ventricle is thickened c. aorta opens from both ventricles d. all of the above ANSWER BACK TO GAME
  53. 53. FINAL ROUND Answer The defects associated with the Tetralogy of Fallot, one of a number of congenital heart defects, include __________. a. pulmonary trunk is too narrow b. wall of right ventricle is thickened c. aorta opens from both ventricles d. all of the above BACK TO GAME

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