History of drama


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  •  is a comic novel by the English playwright and novelist Henry Fielding.
  • History of drama

    2. 2. ANCIENT DRAMA  Origin of western drama in the Greek Athens  Acc. Of this period is inadequate / insufficient (Lack of information)  THEPSIS- developed a “new musical form” 1. Impersonate a single character (impersonator in w/c they pretend) 2. Engage in dialogue w/ the chorus of singer/dancer(e.g. Moulin Rouge)
    3. 3.  First composer (person who write music) Soloist (who perform a solo) First dramatist (playwright/writer of plays) Actor (who act on stage play) Play (dramatic composition/peace) Known as “Tragedy”(tradition of drama who play a unique/important role to invoke audience)  He became a “Father of drama”• On the “hundred” playwrights of Greek tragic, only “32” plays are survive by the 3 MAJOR INNOVATORS: ▫ Sophocles ▫ Aeschylus ▫ Euripides
    4. 4.  AESCHYLUS- created the possibility of developing the “conflicts” between the character and 2nd actor “7 surviving play”, 3 of w/c constitute(create/compose) the only extant(exist) trilogy (e.g. Persian & Oresteia) Are richly ambiguous(several meaning) into the paradoxical(contradiction) Relationship between human and cosmos (people made an answerable fort their acts)  Trilogy- A group of 3 related things  Described as the Father of Tragedy
    5. 5. MEDIEVAL DRAMA  A new creation rather than a rebirth  Any form of theater: The Christian theater  LITURGY: Interpolated(introduced) by the bits of chanted(short) dialogue in the Easter and Christmas service  Called TROPES(word/music into the plainsong settings of the roman catholic liturgy)  PRIESTS(impersonating biblical figures)  Acted out of minuscule(short) scene from the holiday stories
    6. 6.  Quem Quaeritis  refers to four lines of the medieval Easter liturgy that later formed the kernel of the large body of medieval liturgical drama.
    7. 7. RESTORATION  Theaters- established in the wake of Charles II.  Restoration monarchy – England in 1660  English monarchy was restored when Charles II of england became king in 1660.  Intended to serve the needs of socially, politically, aesthetically homogenous class,  “refined”- French influence sensibility
    8. 8.  The themes , language, dramaturgy of Shakespeare play were now consider out of date. During next 2 centuries, the work of england’s greatest dramatist- never produced intact William Shakespeare is the greatest English poet and dramatist and an undisputed world figure in literature. Although his works (37 plays, 154 sonnets and two long poems) are well-known all over the world, we know little about his life.
    9. 9.  Moliere- the English comedy of manners Was typically a witty(humorous), brittle satire of current mores, especially of relation between the sexes. Jean-Baptiste Poquelin- known by his stage name Molière was a French playwright and actor who is considered to be one of the greatest masters of comedy in Western literature. Best - known comedies of manner A French playwright
    10. 10.  Leading Example:  She would if she could(1668)-  The man of code(1676)- by George Etherege  The country wife(1675)- by William Wycherley  The way of the world(1700)- by William Congreve  The recruiting officer(1706)-  The Beaux Stratagem(1706)-by George Farquhar One of the best comedy is The way of the world(1700)- by William Congreve.  Like most restoration comedies it’s centered on the relationship between the 2 sexes  It reflect the court vision of life, lack of ideas, and dissoluteness of the upper class. Had an immediate success as “the most promising young writer” of the day.
    11. 11. 18th CENTURY DRAMA A farcical comedy in england The comedy of manners and the domestic drama SATIRE-Henry Fielding and John Gay enjoyed the Brief revival of satire  “satire can be funny, its aim is not to amuse, but to arouse contempt” Henry Fielding and John Gay- the Beggar’s opera in 1728 met w/ a phenomenal success. Their wit (the talent of using unexpected words or ideas to make a clever humorous effect) was too sharp for the government w/c retaliated by imposing strict censorship laws in 1737. Censorship- an official who examines books, plays, news reports, pictures, radio and television programs, letters,etc., Purpose- to suppressing parts deemed objectionable on moral, political, military, or other grounds.
    12. 12.  Henry Fielding  was an English novelist and dramatist known for his rich earthy humors and satirical prowess.(e.g. Tom Jones)
    13. 13.  John Gay  was an English poet and dramatist. He is best remembered for The Beggars Opera (1728), a ballad opera. The characters, including Captain Macheath and Polly Peachum, became household names.