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The roman gods
 

The roman gods

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    The roman gods The roman gods Presentation Transcript

    • THE ROMAN GODS BY: MS. MARFE N. NIQUE
    • ROMAN GODS Jupiter - King of the Gods  Vulcan - The Smith God Juno - Queen of the Gods  Bacchus - God of Wine Neptune - God of the Sea  Saturn - God of Time Pluto - God of Death  Vesta - Goddess of the Home Apollo - God of the Sun  Janus - God of Doors Diana - Goddess of the Moon  Uranus and Gaia - Parents of Mars - God of War Saturn Venus - Goddess of Love  Maia - Goddess of Growth Cupid - God of Love  Flora - Goddess of Flowers Mercury - Messenger of the Gods  Plutus - God of Wealth Minerva - Goddess of Wisdom Monsters Ceres - The Earth Goddess  Cerberus - Dog of the Underworld Proserpine - Goddess of the  Gorgon - Turns you to stone Underworld
    • JUPITER  Title: King of the gods Greek name: Zeus Day of the Week: Thursday Solar system: planet Jupiter Wonder of the World: Statue at Olympia  Relations:  Son of Saturn Grandson of Uranus Husband of Juno Brother of Neptune Brother of Pluto Many children  English words: Jovial means jolly.
    • JUPITER Jupiter was king of the Gods. The eagle was his messenger. His weapon was the Thunderbolt (thunder and lightning). All other gods were terrified of him, although he was a little scared of his wife Juno! Jupiter, Neptune and Pluto were the three sons of Saturn. They divided up the world between themselves. Jupiter took the air, Neptune had the sea and Pluto ruled under the earth, the home of the Dead. Jupiter means Father Jove (Father in Latin is "pater"). There was a big temple on the Capitol in Rome dedicated to Jupiter Optimus Maximus (which means Jupiter Best and Greatest). The Romans thought that Jupiter guarded their city and looked after them.
    • JUNO  Title: Queen of the gods Greek name: Hera Month: June  Relations:  Wife of Jupiter Mother of Mars Mother of Vulcan  English word Junoesque means a large beautiful woman. 
    • NEPTUNE  Title: God of the sea Greek name: Poseidon Solar system: planet Neptune  Relations:  Son of Saturn Grandson of Uranus Brother of Jupiter Brother of Pluto Many children  English words: Jovial means jolly.
    • NEPTUNE Neptune was the god of the sea. He carried a trident, which had three prongs. He rode a dolphin or a horse. When the sea is rough enough to show white tops to the waves, these are called sea horses. On the right, the back half of the seahorse is a fish. It may seem strange that Neptune was not a more important god, since the Roman Empire was based on the Mediterranean. But the Romans were poor sailors. When Julius Caesar invaded Britain, it was considered an astounding adventure, even though he was just crossing the English Channel. Neptune was the god of earthquakes. He was called the Earth- shaker. He was also the god of horses and horse-racing. The Romans loved watching horse-racing and had great race tracks for chariot racing, such as the Circus Maximus. You can see the ruins of the Circus Maximus in Rome today, see left.
    • PLUTO  Title: God of Death Greek name: Hades Solar system: dwarf planet Pluto  Relations:  Son of Saturn Brother of Jupiter Brother of Neptune Husband of Proserpine  English word Plutonium
    • PLUTO Pluto was the god of the Dead. Romans were afraid to say Plutos real name because they were afraid he might notice them and they would die. Pluto sometimes got confused with the Greek god, Plutus, the god of wealth. This is not surprising, since the names sound alike, and also wealth, like gold, silver or jewels, are found underground, where Pluto ruled. The metal Plutonium is radio-active. It was discovered soon after the planet Pluto. It is not only used for nuclear bombs, it is deadly by itself. It deserves to belong to the god of Death! When someone died, they travelled down to the Underworld. First, they had to cross the River of the Dead, called the Styx. Everyone was buried with a coin, to pay the ferryman, Charon. Then they had to get past Cerberus, a fierce dog with three heads, which would only let the Dead through. Finally they had to come before the Judges of the Dead. The only living man to fight Cerberus was Hercules, the strongest man in the world. He had to bring Cerberus back from the Underworld. (He let it go afterwards.) The moon of planet Pluto is called Charon, after the ferryman over the Styx.
    • APOLLO  Title: God of the sun Greek name: Apollo is a Greek name Day of the Week: Sunday Solar system: Sun  Relations:  Son of Jupiter Brother of Diana  Wonder of the World: Colossus at Rhodes
    • APOLLO Apollo was the god of the sun. Each day he drove his chariot of fiery horses across the sky to give light to the world. Apollo had a son called Phaethon, who was human. Phaethon nagged at Apollo to let him borrow the sun chariot and fly across the sky. Finally Apollo agreed. Phaethon proudly drove the sun chariot up into the sky, but then he lost control of the horses. The sun chariot dived towards the earth, burning everything. Finally Jupiter had to stop him with a thunder bolt. Apollo was also the god of music, and played the lyre. His most famous temple was at Delphi in Greece, see right. There, his priestess would prophesy the future. But she wasnt easy to understand. One day, a great king asked the priestess if he should invade a nearby kingdom. She said, "If you do this, a great kingdom will be destroyed." He thought that she meant he would be successful, and so started the war. He lost disastrously. It was his own kingdom that got destroyed!
    • DIANA  Title: Goddess of the moon Greek name: Artemis Day of the Week: Monday Solar system: Moon  Relations:  Son of Jupiter Sister of Apollo  Wonder of the World: Temple at Ephesus
    • DIANA Diana was the goddess of the moon. Her twin brother Apollo was the god of the sun. Diana carried a bow and arrows. She was the goddess of hunting. Once she was bathing in a forest pool. A hunter called Actaeon spied on her. So Diana turned him into a stag and he was chased by his own hunting dogs. She helped women in child-birth, because her mother Leto gave birth to her and her twin brother so easily.
    • MARS  Title: God of war Greek name: Ares Month: March Day of the Week: Tuesday  Relations:  Son of Jupiter Father of Romulus and Remus  English word: Martial means warlike. Solar system: planet Mars
    • MARS The Romans were great soldiers and thought Mars, the god of War, was very important. They said that he was the father of Romulus and Remus, the founders of Rome. When Romulus and Remus were babies, they were left to die. But they were found by a mother wolf, who suckled them. Romulus gave his name to Rome. The Campus Martius or field of Mars, was next to the river Tiber in in ancient Rome. It was used to train soldiers and hold horse races. March was called after Mars because that was when the soldiers started fighting again after winter. Here is a painting of Mars and Venus. Mars is fast asleep. The little fauns with goats legs are playing with his armour. One of them is just about to blow his horn very loud in Marss ear. I wonder what will happen next!
    • VENUS  Title: Goddess of love Greek name: Aphrodite Day of the Week: Friday  Relations:  Daughter of Jupiter Mother of Cupid  Solar system: planet Venus
    • VENUS Venus was born in the sea and first came to shore at Cyprus, floating on a scallop shell. There was a Golden Apple with "For the Fairest" written on the side. Venus, Juno and Minerva all wanted it. They decided to let a man, Paris, judge between them. They were all so beautiful that he couldnt make his mind up. So Juno said she would make him powerful. Minerva said she would make him wise. Venus offered him Helen, the most beautiful woman in the world. He chose Venus, and Helen. Unfortunately Helen was married to someone else, and when Paris carried her off to his home at Troy, her husband came with his allies to get her back. Paris and all his family were killed and Troy was destroyed. One of the few Trojans to survive the Trojan War was Aeneas, the son of Venus. He went to Italy, and was the ancestor of the Romans. What would you choose from Power, Wisdom and Love? (Id choose Wisdom.)
    • CUPID  Title: God of love Greek name: Eros  Relations:  Son of Venus  English word: Cupidity means greediness.
    • CUPID Cupid was the mischievous little god of love. His weapon was a bow, and anyone hit by one of his arrows fell madly in love. Cupid once scratched himself with one of his own arrows by mistake. He was looking at a woman called Psyche, and fell in love with her. He knew that his mother Venus would be angry, so he hid Psyche away and told her that she must never try to look at him. Psyche thought that she had been captured by a hideous monster, and, of course, couldnt resist taking a peep. She was enchanted by the first sight of her handsome husband, and while playing with his arrows, scratched herself as well. So now they were both desperately in love with each other, see right. Venus drove Psyche away, and she had many adventures before she was allowed to stay with Cupid, and Venus became reconciled to being a mother-in-law!
    • MERCURY  Title: Messenger of the gods Greek name: Hermes Day of the Week: Wednesday Solar system: planet Mercury  Relations:  Son of Jupiter Son of Maia   English words:  Mercury or Quicksilver is a liquid metal. Mercurial means light-hearted and active.
    • MERCURY Mercury was the god of travellers. He had a winged hat and sandals, so he could fly. He carried a staff which also has wings and two snakes winding round it. He was also the god of thieves. When he was only a few days old, he stole the cows of Apollo. Mercury made special shoes for the cows and made them walk backwards, so no-one could follow their tracks. Eventually Apollo noticed that Mercury was playing a new musical instrument called a lyre, strung with cow-gut and worked out that Mercury had stolen his cows. Apollo was furious with Mercury, but thought the lyre was wonderful. So they agreed that Mercury could keep the cows and Apollo would get the lyre. Mercury was also the god of science and business. I think that hes the god of the Internet as well!
    • MINERVA  Title: Goddess of wisdom Greek name: Athene  Relations:  Daughter of Jupiter
    • MINERVA Minerva was the goddess of wisdom. Her symbol was the owl. Her Greek name was Athene, and Athens was her city. She had a strange birth. One day, Jupiter had a bad headache. Nothing would cure it. Eventually Vulcan split open Jupiters head. Out jumped Minerva in armour with shield and spear! Jupiter felt much better afterwards. Dont try this at home. Minerva was the goddess of arts and crafts. She was particularly good at weaving. Once a woman called Arachne wove a beautiful picture. Minerva tried to find something wrong with it. When she couldnt, she tore it up and turned Arachne into a spider. The spider still weaves beautiful webs. Minerva helped the hero Perseus to kill the gorgon Medusa, who was a monster with snakes instead of hair. Anyone who looked at a gorgon turned to stone! But Minerva told Perseus to look at Medusas reflection in a polished shield. That way he could cut the head off without looking directly at the gorgon. He gave the head to Minerva, who put it on her shield, so it would turn her enemies to stone.
    • SATURNEnglish word: Saturnine means serious and gloomy. Title: God of timeRelations: Son of Uranus and Gaia Greek name: Cronos Father of Jupiter Father of Pluto Day of the Week: Father of Neptune Saturday Solar system: planet Saturn
    • SATURN Saturn was god of Time and his weapon was a scythe. He is called Old Father Time. Saturn ruled the gods before Jupiter. Jupiter, Neptune and Pluto were his children. They represent Air, Water and Death, the three things that Time cannot kill. The Romans had a mid-winter festival in honour of Saturn, called the Saturnalia. It lasted seven days, and there was much merrymaking. Public business was suspended and schools were closed. Parents gave toys to their children and there was a public banquet. That is why we eat so much at Christmas, give presents and go to parties.
    • CERES AND PROSERPINECERES PROSERPINE
    • CERES AND PROSERPINE Ceres breakfast cereal Proserpine  Title: goddess of the Title: the Earth Underworld goddess Greek name: Greek name: Demeter Persephone  Relations: Relations: Mother of  Daughter of Ceres Proserpine Wife of Pluto English word:
    • CERES & PROSERPINE Ceres was the Earth goddess and goddess of corn. She carried the cornucopia, a horn full of vegetables and fruit. Her daughter was Proserpine. Pluto fell in love with Proserpine, and carried her off to the Underworld. Ceres searched everywhere, but couldnt find her. Eventually Ceres refused to let the plants grow any more, and everyone begun to die of hunger. So Pluto admitted he had Proserpine, but said she could only go back home if she had eaten none of the food of the Dead. Proserpine had eaten almost nothing, as she was so sad at being kept underground, but she had eaten six seeds from a pomegranate. This means that she could go home, but had to return to her husband for six months every year. When this happens, Ceres stops everything growing, and winter comes.
    • VULCAN Vulcan was the smith of the gods, and made Jupiters thunderbolts. His smithy was in the volcano Etna, in Sicily, where you can see fire from his forget. Once, he made Jupiter angry, and Jupiter threw him out of Heaven. Vulcan fell to Earth and broke both legs, which made him lame. This picture from a Greek vase shows him in a sort of winged wheel-chair. He made women of gold to help him in his smithy - possibly the first robots!
    • BACCHUS BACCHUS MAENAD
    • BACCHUS Bacchus was the god of wine. He was accompanied by Maenads, or wild dancing women, see right. They carried the thyrsus, a staff of giant fennel, covered with ivy leaves, with a pine cone on top. There is a wonderful description of a Bacchanalia, or feast in honour of Bacchus, in Prince Caspian, one of the Narnia books, by C.S.Lewis. Bacchus was also the god of the theatre, since the first plays in Greece were performed in his honour. There were tragedies, serious stories about heroes and gods, and comedies, which laughed at politicians and were often very rude!
    • JANUS  Title: God of doors Month: January  Janus kept the gate of Heaven, so he became the god of doors and gates. He was very important, because a house is only as strong as its doors.  His temple in Rome had its doors thrown open in times of War, and closed in times of Peace. They were usually open! The Emperor Augustus closed the doors of the temple, since he brought peace to the Roman Empire.  Janus had two faces, one looking forwards and one looking back, since a door can let you in, or let you out. The first month of the year is named after him. In January, we look back at the last year, and forward to the next.
    • URANUS AND GAIA Title: Uranus was god of the sky and Gaia was goddess of the earth Greek name: Uranus and Gaia are Greek names Solar system: planet Uranus Relations: Parents of Saturn English word: Uranium
    • URANUS AND GAIA Uranus was a shadowly figure right at the start of time. He came before Saturn, who came before Jupiter. He was not worshipped by the Romans, so there is no picture of him. Uranus was the sky, and his wife Gaia was the earth. They had many children, including giants. They had a violent argument and split up. Ever since the earth and sky have been apart. Uranium is a radio-active metal used for nuclear power. It was called after the planet Uranus, as it was discovered about the same time.
    • MAIA  Title: Goddess of growth Month: May  Relations: Mother of Mercury English word: May is the hawthorn in flower.
    • MAIA On the right, this is a picture of Flora, the goddess of flowers, rather than Maia, the goddess of Growth, but they were similar goddesses. In the Middle Ages, people went out Maying on the first of May. They would go to the fields and woods, collecting flowers and enjoying the sunshine. This might have been in honour of Maia, the goddess of May, or Flora, the goddess of flowers. Today, we still have the first Monday in May as a holiday. Sometimes people dance round a maypole.
    • PLUTO  Title: God of Death Greek name: Hades Solar system: dwarf planet Pluto  Relations: Son of Saturn Brother of Jupiter Brother of Neptune Husband of Proserpine English word Plutonium
    • PLUTO Pluto was the god of the Dead. Romans were afraid to say Plutos real name because they were afraid he might notice them and they would die. Pluto sometimes got confused with the Greek god, Plutus, the god of wealth. This is not surprising, since the names sound alike, and also wealth, like gold, silver or jewels, are found underground, where Pluto ruled. The metal Plutonium is radio-active. It was discovered soon after the planet Pluto. It is not only used for nuclear bombs, it is deadly by itself. It deserves to belong to the god of Death!
    • PLUTO When someone died, they travelled down to the Underworld. First, they had to cross the River of the Dead, called the Styx. Everyone was buried with a coin, to pay the ferryman, Charon. Then they had to get past Cerberus, a fierce dog with three heads, which would only let the Dead through. Finally they had to come before the Judges of the Dead. The only living man to fight Cerberus was Hercules, the strongest man in the world. He had to bring Cerberus back from the Underworld. (He let it go afterwards.) The moon of planet Pluto is called Charon, after the ferryman over the Styx.