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telemedicine talk Ruhuna 5MB-link.gen.ppt
 

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    telemedicine talk Ruhuna 5MB-link.gen.ppt telemedicine talk Ruhuna 5MB-link.gen.ppt Presentation Transcript

    • Telehealth and Telemedicine
      • Jayantha U. Weerasinghe (Faculty of Dental Sciences, Peradeniya)
      Academic Sessions - SLMA and Ruhuna Clinical Society - 2002
    • Telehealth and Telemedicine
      • Telehealth
      • Telemedicine
      • exchange of material offline
      • Real-time (online) image transfer
      • commercial software available
      • SAGA and Peradeniya Activity
    • Telehealth
      • Telehealth is using technology to provide medical care over distance
      • non-clinical services such as distance medical education and research
      • It will allow information to be received by remote centres
    • Telemedicine
      • Telemedicine typically involves medical personnel using   images, video and audio facilities either non-real-time (off line) or real-time (on line) for remote consultations. 
      • An expert physician far away can guide the local medical personnel in treatment planning remotely
    • Telemedicine exchange of material offline
      • Store and Forward method
      • Local physician sending digital images of pictures, x-rays, and other patient information directly to the computer of a specialist.
      • After reviewing that information, the specialist then sends the diagnosis back to the local doctor, who treats the patient and provides follow-up care.
    • Telemedicine - non realtime store and forward method
      • Usage
      • Teleradiology
      • Telepathology
      • Teledermatology
    • Telemedicine- non realtime store and forward method
      • Advantages
      • Minimum resources needed
      • Regular email attachments could be used
      • Disadvantages
      • Time delay in response
      • Limitation of image quality and size
      • Cross checking and feedback will take more time
    • Telemedicine real-time (online) image transfer
      • Exchange of high quality still images, video clips between the remote center and   the experts using videoconferencing equipment.
      • experts outside will be able to guide the remote center in realtime
    • Telemedicine : real- time
      • Advantages
      • Used in many areas of medicine, surgery, dentistry
      • accessibility of expert help in remote areas
      • Saves time of an expert in frequent travel to remote areas
      • permits Continuing Education and training for practitioners in remote areas
      • Disadvantages
      • Non availability of appropriate technology and adequate bandwidth in the network
      • Lack of funds for equipment and software
      • Lack of technical help
    • Basic requirements
      • Requirements :
      • Videoconferencing equipment
      • A Digital Video (DV) camcorder ( IEEE1394 interface)
      • OR Digital camera with USB connection
      • microphone and speakers
      • Desktop/ Laptop computer
      • Internet access - leased line/ Local Area Network
      • Dedicated software
    • Shortcomings of commercial software
      • Eg:- Messenger. CuSeeMe, Netmeeting,, freetalk,
      • Poor quality of images at low speed networks
      • not suitable for medical collaboration activities
        • image manipulation, tele-pointing facility on the image canvas, shared-board
      • clinicians would prefer a user-friendly operating environment specifically designed for medical applications.
    • Sri Lankan Experience of high quality medical image and voice transfer through internet Between Medical School & Faculty of Engineering SAGA University-Japan And Faculty of Dental Sciences - Peradeniya Department of Oral Surgery Faculty of Dental Sciences, University of Peradeniya
    • Previously used method - Store and Forward
      • Images of patients- photographs and radiographs were exchanged
      • Non real time method
      • Disadvantages -
        • Delay in receiving and responding
        • Delay in decision making at the remote centre since they await advice from the expert outside
        • limitations of commercial email software for sending large data files
    • SAGA Medical School SAGA University (Engineering) Faculty of Dental Sciences- Peradeniya http://turkey.fu.is.saga-u.ac. jp /education/project/Collabo1.asp
    • Realtime image transfer using a dedicated software
    •  
    • Dedicated Software developed by SAGA
      • Connections made by ‘dialing’ IP address
      • Voice transfer full duplex
      • Image transfer with following facilities
        • Sender and receiving windows
        • Shared board facility for image canvas
        • Accessing shared files on each computer
        • Transfer of powerpoint presentations and playback
        • Recording facility of the images received
        • User-friendly
    • Software Overview
      • Image transmission
      • Voice transmission
      IP Preview Transmit Receiving windows Shared Board WEB File transfer Transmit from Remote centre Receiving from Expert centre abroad
    • Software Overview
      • Transmission of Video as a Series of JPEG Images
      • interactive full-duplex voice
      • Image quality and image rate can be adjusted
      • User Friendly Graphic User Interface
      • Shared Board Facility
    • Shared Board Facility
      • Both parties can use markers on the same image canvas
      • Allow common base for discussions
      • Text typing facility
      Marker from expert Marker from local team
    • WEB Facility
      • File transfer facility
      • Powerpoint presentations can be transferred and run as a lecture from the remote location
      • Ideal tool for CME
      presentation
    • Advantages of the System
      • Eeconomical and freely available components,
      • Operated in both low speed and high speed networks
      • User-friendly easy to install and operate
      • image software has a Graphical user interface customized for medical personnel with facilities such as shared board, transmitting powerpoint files and multiple image windows.
    • Application of the technique
      • Between Faculty of Dental Sciences Peradeniya and SAGA Medical School
      • An interactive session for JICA trainees in SAGA was conducted
    • Application of the technique locally
      • Tested between Faculty of Dental Sciences Peradeniya and
      • Faculty of Medicine Peradeniya
      • Genetics Unit, Faculty of Medicine-
        • University of Colombo
      • Community health and Family Medicine -
        • University of Kelaniya
    • Summary
      • System developed for Real-time Telemedicine which has been tested locally with a dedicated software designed in JAPAN
      • It is suitable for low speed networks
      • It could be used for Information exchange and Continuing Education sessions
      Telehealth and Telemedicine
    • Thank You!
      • Japan
      • Professor Nobumichi Sako - former President of Saga University
      • Mr. Minoru Tanaka - Chairman of NetCom Saga Association
      • Venture Business Laboratory (VBL) - Saga University
      • Prof Takeshi Katsuki - Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeon,
      • SAGA Medical School
      • Sri Lanka
      • Prof N A de S Amaratunga - Dean, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Peradeniya
      • Dr. Nimal Ratanayaka- Director of the Internet/communication unit, Faculty of Engineering, Peradeniya
      • Dr Toru Nagao- JICA Chief Advisor, Faculty of Dental Sciences
      • Mr. Ranjith Abeyratne- Technical Officer, Faculty of Dental Sciences
      • Dr Kumara Mendis - Dept of Community Medicine and Family Health Faculty of Medicine, University of Kelaniya
    •