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SUBJECT INDEX Document Transcript

  • 1. SUBJECT INDEXSUBJECT INDEXAbbe flap, vermilion submucosal pedicle, for upper lip Accurate platelet counts for platelet rich plasma, validation reconstruction (Special Section: Cancer), 17:1259– of hematology analyzer and preparation techniques 1262 for counting and (Scientific Foundation), 16:749–Abbé island flap (Original Articles), 18:766–768 759Abducens nerve, microanatomic and endoscopic study Acellular cadaveric dermis, experimental study of (Scientific (Literature Scan), 19:546 Foundations), 18:551–558Abortive subtype of frontoethmoidal encephalocele (Case Acellular human dermis (alloderm), exposed skull with, one- Report), 10:149–154 stage skin grafting of (Technical Experience),Abraxane, for treatment of metastatic breast cancer (Special 19:1660–1662 Editorial), 17:3–7 Acetylic resin, in conjunction with silicon for maxillofacialAbrikossoff’s tumor (Clinical Note), 12:78–81 rehabilitation (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:152–162Abscess, brain, from cranio-orbital foreign body (Clinical Achondroplasia and Pfeiffer syndrome, genetic relationship Note), 7:311–314 between (Clinical Note), 9:477–480Absent ear, bone-anchored implants for (Scientific Acoustic evoked potentials in neurophysiological Foundation), 19:744–747 evaluation in craniostenosis and craniofacialAbsorbable. See also under Bioabsorbable stenosis, 8:286–289Absorbable biomaterial in craniofacial skeleton fixation, Acquired orbital deformity, reconstruction of (Clinical 10:491 Note), 19:1092–1097Absorbable fixation Acrocephalosyndactyly, 7:23–30, 8:279–283 for craniomaxillofacial surgery (Clinical Note), 11:575 fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 gene mutations and internal, critical concepts of (Scientific Foundation), (Scientific Foundation), 9:162–170 11:335–341 in Pfeiffer’s syndrome (Clinical Report), 9:83–87 in zygomaticomaxillary fracture repair (Clinical Note), in syndromic craniosynostosis, 9:201–205 11:377–385 Acrocephalosyndactyly syndrome (Clinical Note), 11:480–Absorbable osteofixation devices, naturally (Overview 486 Section), 14:247–259 Acromegalic face, surgical management of (Clinical Note),Absorbable plates, and Mimix, in reconstruction of cranial 5:336 bone defects (Scientific Foundation), 19:1131– Acrylic cranioplasty (Literature Scan), 9:303 1135 Acrylic resin, in conjunction with silicon for maxillofacialAbsorbable plating rehabilitation (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:152–162 early failure of, in a patient with syndromic Acrylic skull replica, computer-generated, produced by laser brachycephaly (Clinical Notes), 15:519–522 lithography, 9:222–226 Discussion, 15:522 Actinomycosis of masseter muscle: report of case and review polylactic acid, skull defect utilizing, and carbonated of literature (Clinical Note), 14:915–918 apatite bone cement, new method of pediatric parotid gland combined with, false diagnosis cranioplasty for (Technical Strategies), 15:469– caused by Warthin tumor (Clinical Notes), 472 14:46–50Absorbable plating for fixation, 7:325 Acute bacterial suppurative parotitis: microbiology andAbsorbable rigid fixation management (Clinical Notes), 14:37–40 of craniofacial skeleton, system applications for Adams-Oliver syndrome, aplasia cutis in, surgery for, (Technical Strategy), 7:394–398 12:569–572 in growing skull fracture repair, 9:65–73 Adaptive therapy for cleft palate patient (Clinical Note),Acanthosis nigrans in Crouzon’s disease, 5:220 11:66–70ACC. See Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC), nasal, with intracranialAccessory auricula extension (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:1026–1029 cervical (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:713–715 Adenoid cystic carcinoma, neurotrophic spread of, in goldenhar syndrome presenting with (Clinical Notes), maxillofacial district, pre- and postsurgical 17:669–672 adjuvant treatment of (Brief Clinical Notes),Accessory parotid gland tumors 16:332–334 cavernous vascular tumor of (Brief Clinical Notes), Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC), of parotid gland, after superficial parotidectomy for benign lesion (Brief 18:1493–1496 Clinical Notes), 18:231–235 resection through peroral approach with facial nerve Adenoma, pleomorphic, of parotid gland, surgery for, monitoring (Technical Experiences), 18:1419– 12:565–568 1421 Adenoma, pituitary, transnasal transseptal endoscopicAccessory pituitary gland, infantile hemangioma of (Clinical approach to, 8:159–163 Note), 9:468–471 1
  • 2. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERYAdenoma, pleomorphic, surgical removal of (Brief Clinical Aesthetic balance, restoration of, with mandibular surgery, Notes), 17:1001–1004 for missing maxilla, 2:95–100Adhesives, use of, in cleft palate surgery, new flap fixation Aesthetic improvement, new modified forked flap with technique and (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:719–722 subcutaneous pedicles for bilateral cleft lip nasalAdipose-derived stem cells (ASCs), rabbit, isolation and deformity (Technical Strategy), 19:1374–1380 osteoblastic differentiation of, 19:360–368 Aesthetic surgery, state of art procedure of rhinoplasty inAdipose-derived stromal cells (ASCs) (Original Article), 19:1491–1496 neurospheres from, as neural progenitors in vitro and in Afghanistan, and Iraq, trauma caused by conflicts in, vivo (Scientific Foundations), 18:49–53 reflections on (Special Editorial), 19:297–299 used in autologous fashion tissue regeneration (Original African American 3D CT skull images, 9:348–358 Articles), 18:789–790 commentary on, 9:359Adipose precursor cells (APCs), leporine-derived, Age exhibition of in vitro osteogenic potential in, complications of craniofacial surgery and, 8:345 19:360–368 demineralized bone donation and (ScientificAdipose tissue, tumor of, hibernoma as (Clinical Note), Foundation), 9:142–146 12:284–286 Age, parietal bone thickness and, 11:17–23Adjuvant radiotherapy Agenesis, parietal bone, and associated multiple congenital of basal cell carcinomas (BCC) and squamous cell anomalies (Clinical Notes), 14:192–196 carcinomas (SCC), criteria for, (Original Agenesis, premaxilla, intraoral distraction of patient with Articles), 18:1024 (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:500–503 postoperative, for kimura disease (Clinical Notes), Aggressiveness of microcystic adnexal carcinoma (Clinical 18:1062–1066 Notes), 16:53–58Administrators (Editorial), 11:73–74 Aging, effect on thickness of upper eyelid (AnatomicAdnexal carcinoma, microcystic, misdiagnosis and Studies), 17:474–476 aggressiveness of (Clinical Notes), 16:53–58 Aging face syndrome, total facial rehabilitation for, 8:194–Adolescence, severe maxillary deficiency in, distraction 199 osteogenesis for, 8:181–186 AirwayAdolescent population, bilateral reduction mammoplasty in: changes in, after Le Fort III osteotomy in adolescent bilateral reduction mammoplasty, craniosynostosis syndromes (Clinical Note), 14:691–695 7:363–369Adolescents, mixed odontogenic tumors in (Clinical Notes), in craniosynostosis, assessment of, 2:162A 18:1338–1342 laryngeal mask, nasolaryngeal ventilation with, inAdopted child management in craniofacial clinic, 6:143– dental surgery (Clinical Note), 9:383–387 146 management of, operative, for midface fractures,Adult survey of, 8:201–206 with anteroposterior skeletal disharmony, cranial base nasal, effect of maxillary expansion on (Clinical Notes), flexion of, 19:334–338 17:1045–1049 bone healing in presence of implantable fixation devices obstruction of, in Treacher-Collins syndrome, in (Editorial), 19:1435–1437 mandibular lengthening by distraction for, Crouzon disease in, modified Le Fort III osteotomy in 5:22–25 commentary on, 9:486–487 Airway management (Technical Strategy), 9:481–485 of Pfeiffer syndrome patients with tracheal cartilaginousAdult orthognathic surgery, (Orthognathic Surgery sleeve and cricoid cartilage involvement during Continued), 18:1197–1208 surgical tracheostomy (Clinical Notes),Adult patients, after otoplasty, HRQOL outcome of 17:272–274 (Original Articles), 17:629–635 in PRS, subperiosteal release of floor of the mouth in,Advanced Trauma Life Support Manual, on association of 19:609–615 cervical spine fractures with maxillofacial trauma Airway obstruction, in micrognathic infants, mandibular (Original Article), 18:1259–1263 distraction with internal curvilinear deviceAdvancement, mallar augmentation by (Technical Strategy), (Technical Experiences), 18:1403–1407 4:257–264 Airway obstruction, upper, correction of, in newborn withAdvancement osteotomy, Le Fort III, in growing child internal mandibular distraction osteogenesis affected by Crouzon’s and Apert’s syndromes, (Technical Strategy), 14:493–499 presurgical and postsurgical growth and (Clinical Airway in severe mandibular hypoplasia, treatment and Notes), 16:369–377 (Clinical Note), 12:337–348Aerodynamics, speech, and nasalance in oral cancer patients Airway space, pharyngeal, changes in, after body treated with microvascular transfers (Clinical ostectomies and sagittal split ramus osteotomies Studies), 16:990–996 (Clinical Study), 16:23–302
  • 3. SUBJECT INDEXAla, morphofunctional reconstruction of (Brief Clinical Alloplastic PMMA cranioplasty materials, biomechanical Notes), 18:1475–1479 testing of (Technical Strategies), 16:140–143Ala nasi, triangular (TAN) repair of unilateral cleft lips Alloplastic prosthesis in temporomandibular joint (Technical Strategies), 18:186–197 reconstruction, 3:160–169Alar cinch suture in Le Fort I osteotomy (Technical Alloplastic stabilization, microscrew anchorage techniques Strategy), 7:399–402 for, 2:72–73Alar cleft, Tessier 1, congenital isolated, reconstruction of Alloplastic tumor of palate (Images From Surgery), 11:65 (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:602–604 Alloplasts as facial implants (Symposium), 10:410Alar margin, nasal, retracted, reconstruction of (Brief Alopecia in bicoronal incisions, 9:344–347 Clinical Notes), 18:442–445 Alveolar bone grafting, bilateral, stabilization of mobileAlar nose, reconstruction of (Brief Clinical Notes), premaxilla by (Brief Clinical Note), 19:1705–1707 18:1477–1479 Alveolar bone grafting (Clinical Notes), 18:855–859Alar rim defects, an approach using mucocartilaginous Alveolar bone grafting, primary, surgical technique for (Brief turnover flap (Technical Strategies), 18:661–664 Clinical Notes), 16:706–711Albers-Schonberg disease, reconstruction for (Technical Alveolar cleft(s) Strategy), 12:369–372 arch dimensions at age 8 in (Clinical Experience),Albright’s osteodystrophy, differential, diagnosis and 10:58–67 surgical approach for recurrent ectopic calcification bilateral, unrepaired, transoral maxillary distraction of facial skeleton (Clinical Notes), 17:21–27 osteogenesis of (Clinical Note), 10:369–374Albumin, as drug carrier (Special Editorial), 17:3–7 bone grafting of, in unilateral cleft lip and palate, 10:58–Alendronate, systemic, on postextractive bone resorption 72 (Clinical Note), 19:1061–1066 craniofacial form at age 8 in (Clinical Experience),Algisorb ™ impact on bone regeneration in bone implants 10:68–72 (Original Article), 18:1264–1275 management of (Original Article), 14:840–846Aliphatic polyesters in delivery systems of osseous repair, periosteoplasty of, sliding sulcus procedure for (Clinical 4:137–138 Note), 10:415–429Allergic tissue reaction, granulomatous, after hyaluronic reconstruction of, reduction of bone resorption by acid injection in treatment of facial lines and its application of fibrin glue in (Technical surgical correction (Clinical Note), 14:197–200 Strategies), 16:105–112Alloderm stabilization, of zygomatic arch fractures (Clinical repair of, with recombinant human bone morphogenetic Notes), 17:403–404 protein in patients with clefts (Clinical Notes),Allograft bone, human cortical, composition of, derived from 16:778–789 FDA/AATB-screened donors (Scientific Studies), secondary, percutaneous iliac bone grafting of, 2:135– 16:579–585 138Allograft bone substitutes, review of science and Alveolar cleft bone grafting, primary, donor site morbidity of technology for craniomaxillofacial surgeon and rib graft harvesting in (Brief Clinical Notes), (Clinical Studies), 16:981–989 16:335–338Allograft repair (Scientific Foundation), 4:104 Alveolar cleft grafts, secondary, using iliac bone or chinAlloplasts and autografts, reconstruction of saddle nose bone (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:864–868 deformities with, comparison between (Technical Alveolar defect, gingivoperiosteoplasty for (Surgical Experience), 19:466–475 Technique), 11:54–58Alloplastic bone substitutes, review of science and Alveolar defect of maxilla, composite bone graft for, 2:27–32 technology for craniomaxillofacial surgeon and Alveolar extension palatoplasty in sequential cleft (Clinical Studies), 16:981–989 management, 10:503Alloplastic implants in orbital floor reconstruction, natural Alveolar molding appliance, cleft lip and palate repair using history of (Scientific Foundation), 5:26–33 (Clinical Note), 12:148–156Alloplastic implants, PEEK-PSI, computer-designed, for Alveolar nerve, inferior. See Inferior alveolar nerve reconstruction of complex orbito-fronto-temporal Alveolar ridge augmentation, distraction implants in (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:224–228 (Literature Scan), 12:100Alloplastic material in skull defect repair (Clinical Note), Alveolar ridge, bend and length of, evaluation of, in upper 11:495–497 and lower jaws in anthropological skulls for (Discussion), 11:498–499 planning endosseous dental implants, 2:101–108 to reconstruct calvarial defects in rabbit model, 4:79–84 Alveolar segments, guidance of, by passive appliance inAlloplastic material(s) infants (Clinical Note), 12:148–156 Bio-Oss particles/collagen sponges as, in repair of Alveoloplasty, early secondary, in CLP (Technical experimental calvarial defects in rabbit model Strategy), 19:1364–1369 (Scientific Foundation), 5:242–245 Amalgam fillings, dental, causing iatrogenic maxillary in onlay craniofacial augmentation, periosteum and sinusitis, surgical treatment of (Brief Clinical (Scientific Foundation), 9:260–266 Notes), 17:363–365 3
  • 4. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERYAmateur soccer, oral and craniofacial injuries due to Anastomosis, venous, Doppler sonography in evaluation of (Clinical Studies), 17:825–827 (Special Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:772–Ameloblastic fibromas (AFs), in children and adolescents 778 (Clinical Notes), 18:1338–1342 Anatase nanosurface, regulation of microRNAs by, 19:328–Ameloblastic fibroodontomas (AFOs), in children and 333 adolescents (Clinical Notes), 18:1338–1342 Anatolian Turkish adults, soft tissue facial profile of,Ameloblastoma, desmoplastic, in mandible (Clinical Note), angular photogrammetric analysis of, 19:1481– 14:873–875 1486Ameloblastoma (AS) Anatomic landmarks, facial fracture approaches with, to clinicopathologic features in Kenya (Clinical Note), predict location of infraorbital and supraorbital 19:1589–1593 nerves: anatomic study (Original Article), 14:473– expression of TGF β1 in (Scientific Foundation), 477 19:1618–1621 (Discussion), 14:478, 14:479–480Ameloblastoma, mandibular reconstruction with Anatomic study of endoscopic pterygomaxillary disjunction microsurgical fibula flap transfer following wide for Le Fort type I osteotomy, 7:111–116 resection for (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:178–181 Anatomical reduction of complex cranio-orbital fractures,Ameloblastoma, resection of, mandibular reconstruction after 4:8–9, 4:18 (Clinical Note), 12:119–127 Anatomy (Discussion), 12:128 consideration of congenital nasal pyriform apertureAmerican Association of Pediatric Plastic Surgeons, annual stenosis: localized dysostosis without meeting of, 12:201 interorbital hypoplasia (Anatomic Studies),American Association of Pediatric Plastic Surgery, special 15:490–496 edition of Journal of Craniofacial Surgery on vascular, of the digastric muscle (Special Issue: (Special Editorial), 19:875–876 Technical Strategies), 15:114–117Amifostine, radioprotection of long bone growth (Original Anatomy, microsurgical, of facial nerve (Anatomical Study), Articles), 18:996–999 8:6–10Amniotic band disruption sequence (ABS) Anchorage of temporalis muscle in craniofacial surgery craniofacial deformities in, 9:360–365 (Technical Strategy), 7:168–169 (Editorial), 9:415–416 Ancient cultures, social attitudes toward malformed andAmniotic band sequence (Clinical Note), 11:388–393 their handling in, 6:314–326Amniotic band sequence, facial clefts and, 7:408–411 Androgen receptor, immunolocalization of, in developingAmniotic bands, compression by, Tessier 7 lateral facial craniofacial skeleton (Scientific Foundation), clefts created by, in utero repair of (Scientific 15:922–927 Foundation), 9:557–563 Discussion, 15:928–929Amorphous silicon technology, 11:10–16 Anesthesia, hypotensive, and recovery of cognitive functionAmyloidosis, localized primary cutaneous, upper lip in long-term craniofacial surgery (Clinical Notes), reconstruction after surgical treatment, abbe flap for 16:531–536 (Special Section: Cancer), 17:1259–1262 Anesthesia induction in children, psychological evaluationAnaesthesia. See Anesthesia of efficiency of parents’ presence and (LiteratureAnalgesia Scans), 16:512 facial, lidocaine for, safe dosages of (Clinical Note), Aneurysmal bone cyst, of maxilla (Brief Clinical Notes), 5:124–126 15:1029–1033 preemptive, in iliac crest bone harvesting (Clinical Angiodysplasia with osteohypertrophy of oromaxillofacial Study), 9:448–451 area (Clinical Note), 12:485–489Analgesia, patient-controlled, for pediatric patients Angiofibroma (Clinical Note), 12:129–133 nasopharyngeal, spontaneous involution of (BriefAnalysis in 3D imaging system, 8:333, 8:337 Clinical Note), 19:1686–1689Analysis methods, surface, of biomaterials used in oral nasopharyngeal, surgical approaches for (Clinical surgery: literature review (Clinical Materials), Notes), 17:15–20 16:31–36 AngiogenesisAnalyzer, hematology, validation of, preparation techniques embryonic, Shh signal essential for (Special Section: for counting and, accurate platelet counts for Vascular Anomalies), 17:736–744 platelet rich plasma and (Scientific Foundation), impact of hox genes on (Special Section: Vascular 16:749–759 Anomalies), 17:767–771Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL), primary cutaneous, Angiography, computed tomographic, three dimensional, for of face, presenting as posttraumatic maxillary cranial base lesion diagnosis, 6:27–31 sinusitis (Clinical Note), 19:1597–1599 Angiography, digital subtraction, donor site, before mandibular reconstruction with fibula free flap (Clinical Strategy), 12:608–6124
  • 5. SUBJECT INDEXAngiography, four-vessel (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1130– Anophthalmic orbit, reconstruction of, by orbital osteotomy 1131 and free flap transfer (Brief Clinical Notes),Angiography, multislice CT (MCTA), before free flap surgery 16:1091–1097 (Original Article), 18:1284–1289 Anorectal anomalies, congenital, in blepharolabioanalAngiosarcomas, head and neck (Brief Clinical Notes), syndrome (Clinical Note), 6:392–394 16:700–702 Anterior cranial base, tumors of, application of supraorbitalAngular artery, for nutrition of inner canthus region endoscopic approach to (Surgical Strategies), (Clinical Notes), 17:864–868 16:1070–1075Angular photogrammetric analysis, of soft tissue facial Anterior belly of digastric muscle profile of Anatolian Turkish adults, 19:1481–1486 asymmetric unilateral or bilateral variations (AnatomicAnimal model of holoprosencephaly, craniofacial anomalies Studies), 18:879–880 of cultured mouse embryo induced by inhibition of bilateral large, bulky (Anatomic Studies), 18:878 sonic hedgehog signaling (Scientific Studies), bilateral two/three on right/four-headed on left 16:80–88 (Anatomic Studies), 18:877Ankyloglossum superius syndrome, diagnosis and surgical neck and classic type (Anatomic Studies), 18:876 management of, (Surgical Techniques), 18:1094– Anterior cavernous sinus, venous bleeding in, fibrin glue 1097 for stopping of (Literature Scan), 19:546–547Ankylosing spondylitis (AS), coronoid process in patients Anterior dislocation of right styloid process, basicranium with, hyperplasia of (Clinical Note), 19:1114– malformation with, causing stylalgia (Brief Clinical 1118 Notes), 16:418–420Ankylosis, of TMJ, costochondral graft overgrowth in (Brief Anterior ethmoidal artery (AEA). See Ethmoidal arteries Clinical Notes), 18:1488–1491 Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy complicating cranialAnkylosis, temporomandibular joint vault reconstruction for sagittal synostosis in fibrous, after distraction osteogenesis of costochondral child (Clinical Notes), 16:559–562 neomandible (Clinical Note), 12:469–474 Anterior maxillary sinus wall, traumatized, importance of surgery for, silicon in (Clinical Note), 12:232–236 (Technical Experience), 19:500–504Annexin V, early detection of apoptosis in mice using, Anterior rectus sheath, with RAM flap for orbital support in 8:441–445 globe-sparing total maxillectomy (TechnicalAnnual fundoscopy, for screening of papilledema, 19:121– Strategies), 17:986–991 127 Anterior segment osteotomy versus orthodontic treatment,Anodal (AO) reconstruction plate in mandibular angle determinants of successful treatment of bimaxillary fracture treatment (Literature Scan), 5:70 protrusion and (Clinical Study), 16:234–246Anomaly(ies). See also Deformity(ies) Anterior skull base fractures, guidelines for treatment amniotic band disruption sequence as (Editorial), 9:415 (Editorial Note), 19:713–717 anorectal, congenital, in blepharolabioanal syndrome Anterior skull base reconstruction with Galeal-Pericranial (Clinical Note), 6:392–394 Flap (Technical Experiences), 18:622–625 brain, sutural, craniofacial clefting with, 2:82–85 Anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS) to superolateral border congenital of the patella, cadavers placement (Anatomic multiple, sagittal craniosynostosis and (Clinical Studies), 18:867 Note), 7:358–362 Anterior wall, fractured, of frontal bone, closed reduction of parietal bone agenesis and associated (Clinical (Technical Strategies), 16:120–122 Note), 14:192–196 Anterolateral thigh flap, anatomic assessment on perforators social attitudes toward and handling of, in different of lateral circumflex femoral artery for (Anatomic cultures and at different times, 6:314–326 Studies), 18:866–871 craniofacial. See Craniofacial anomalies Anterolateral thigh flap, for reconstruction of head and isolated and syndromic, distinguishing, in neck defects (Technical Strategy), 19:1148–1153 facilitating diagnosis, prognosis, and management Anterolateral thigh perforator flap, reconstruction of face (Guest Editorial), 5:208–212 after resection of arteriovenous malformations usingAnomaly(ies), in Adams-Oliver syndrome, 12:569–572 (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:851–854Anophthalmia Anteroposterior skeletal disharmony, adults with, cranial congenital, intraorbital tissue expansion in management base flexion of, 19:334–338 of (Literature Scan), 8:241–242 Anthropological skulls, evaluation of alveolar ridge bend in frontoethmoidal meningoencephalocele, 2:3 and length in upper and lower jaws in, for planning Tessier type VI-VII cleft combination associated with endosseous dental implants, 2:101–108 congenital bimaxillary fusion and, 8:54–57 Anthropometric comparison of portraits of Korean and tissue expanders for inducing facial skeletal growth in Japanese beauty in late 18th and early 19th (Technical Note), 2:42–46 centuries (Clinical Notes), 16:790–793Anophthalmic orbit, superior sulcus depression in, Anthropometric dysmorphology, preoperative, in metopic pericranial flap correction of, 10:487 synostosis (Literature Scan), 9:412 5
  • 6. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERYAnthropometric measurements, and cephalometric Antimicrobials, topical, in pediatric burn wound measurements, relation between, and proportions of management, 19:913–922 face of healthy young white adult men and women Antioxidative enzymes, premature suture fusion and, 8:263, (Scientific Foundations), 14:154–161 8:264–268 (Discussion), 14:162–163 Antley-Bixler syndrome, correction of facial deformity usingAnthropometric measurements of cleft face, 11:76–82 RED III device in patient with (Brief Clinical (Discussion), 11:405 Notes), 15:1043–1048 maxillary, metastasis to, in Hippel-Lindau disease Aortic fusion and craniofacial vasculature, angiogenic (Clinical Note), 11:71–72 defects in (Special Section: Vascular Anomalies), membranous, healing of, gene expression during 17:736–744 (Scientific Foundation), 11:520 Apert syndrome substitute(s) for, bioactive glass-ceramic, in facial axillary osmidrosis in: management with arthroscopic skeleton deformity correction (Clinical Note), shaver technique (Clinical Note), 19:1126– 11:470–479 1130Anthropometric perspective, limitations and considerations clinical findings, genes and extracellular matrix and of three-dimensional surface imaging from (Brief (Clinical Notes), 16:361–368 Clinical Notes), 16:847–850 corneal ulcers in (Clinical Note), 12:134–135Anthropometrics craniosynostosis in, fibroblast growth factor receptor in evaluation dynamic orthotic cranioplasty for gene mutations in (Scientific Foundation), positional plagiocephaly, 150–160 12:580–584 of head and face (Book Review), 6:259 discussion on, 18:459–460 in measurement of adult face, cephalometric measurements FGFR2 mutation in, clinical outcome (Brief Clinical compared with, 10:18–26 Notes), 17:166–172Anthropometry Le Fort III advancement osteotomy in growing child for comparing parameters measured in patients with cleft affected by, presurgical and postsurgical growth defect (Clinical Notes), 17:854–863 and (Clinical Notes), 16:369–377 digital 3D photogrammetry, precision and accuracy of morphology and growth of mandible in (Anatomic (Anatomic Studies), 17:477–483 Studies), 18:146–150 of external ear in children with CLP, in comparison to ophthalmic findings in, differential effects of FGFR2 age-matched controls (Anatomical Study), mutation in (Original Article), 18:39–42 19:1391–1395 patients with glossary (Special Article), 19:705–712 monobloc advancement using RED (Brief Clinical Note), infant head shape changes in DP, cranial remolding 19:1170–1173 orthosis using noninvasive laser shape prevalence of papilledema in, 19:121–127 digitizer (Clinical Notes), 17:1084–1091 subcranial facial bipartition osteotomy for (Brief Clinical limitations of, 19:15–21 Notes), 17:147–151 study of upper lip and nose of infants (Anatomic unilateral vision impairment from carotid-cavernous Studies), 17:57–61 fistula after monobloc osteotomy (Brief Clinical use in quantification of positional plagiocephaly Notes), 18:960–965 (Clinical Notes), 17:413–419 utilization of postcranioplasty skull molding caps in the verification, of corrective surgery outcome of cleft treatment of (Clinical Note), 19:1566–1570 secondary deformities (Clinical Notes), Apert’s syndrome, 7:23–30, 8:279, 8:280–281. See also 17:447–453 Craniofaciostenosis; CraniosynostosisAnthropometry of the aging face: age-related changes in cervical fusions in (Symposium), 9:600 eight age categories in 600 healthy white North clinical research on (Symposium), 9:598–600 Americans of European ancestry from 16 to 90 years cranial aspects of, unusual (Literature Scan), 6:425 of age (Scientific Foundations), 15:288–298 cranial suture disease in, 7:271–274Anthropometry in assessing surface anatomy of face in craniosynostosis in, fibroblast growth factor Down’s syndrome, 12:519–524 craniosynostosis and (Symposium), 9:599 (Anatomical Landmarks), 12:373–379 Crouzon’s syndrome and, calvaria and cranial base in, (Discussion), 12:380 three-dimensional analysis of, 2:162–163AAntibiotic elution from hydroxyapatite cement cranioplasty cutaneous manifestations of (Symposium), 9:600 materials (Clinical Notes), 16:228–233 elbow in, 9:201–205Antibiotics in bone-ceramic composite, 2:28 fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 gene mutations andAntimicrobial prophylaxis (Scientific Foundation), 9:162–170 for surgical procedure genetic and family study of, 2:195 ideal time for administration of (Literature Scan), hand deformities in (Symposium), 9:600 19:1712 hydrocephalus and (Symposium), 9:599 timing of (Literature Scan), 19:1712 intelligence and (Symposium), 9:5996
  • 7. SUBJECT INDEX Le Fort III osteotomy in, airway changes after (Clinical Arterial vascularization of extraocular muscles, (Surgical Note), 7:363–369 Techniques), 18:1125–1131 low fibroblast growth factor receptor activity in, Arteries supplying to medial pterygoid muscle, topography stenosed cranial sutures and (Scientific of, clinical implications of (Anatomical Study), Foundation), 9:92–95 19:795–799 mental function in, prognosis for (Literature Scan), 8:82 Arteriovascular malformations (AVMs), surgical monobloc and facial bipartition osteotomies for management issues in, (Clinical Notes), 18:1091– (Technical Strategy), 7:229–251 1093 monobloc facial advancement in (Symposium), 9:595 Arteriovenous malformation (AVMs) oral manifestations of, 3:181 in child, management of (Special Section: Vascular osteotomy modification for (Clinical Note), 7:79–81 Anomalies), 17:779–782 sleep apnea syndrome in, aggressive surgical clinical feature of (Special Section: Vascular Anomalies), management of, 3:8, 3:10 17:783–789 trachea in (Symposium), 9:599–600 diagnostic and therapeutic modalities for (Special unusual cranial aspects of (Literature Scan), 7:174 Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:761–766Apert syndrome and Crouzon syndrome, FGFR2 mutations huge, extending from lower lip to chin, surgical treatment among Thai children with (Scientific Foundations), following, combination of embolization, total 14:101–104 resection, and double cross lip flap for (Brief (Discussion), 14:105–107 Clinical Notes), 16:443–448Aplasia cutis in Adams-Oliver syndrome, surgery for, resection of, using anterolateral thigh perforator flap, 12:569–572 reconstruction of face after (Brief ClinicalAplasia Cutis Congenita (ACC) Notes), 16:851–854 of scalp and calvarium, conservative management with SCCA from, resection of (Special Section: Vascular novel wound dressing materials (Brief Anomalies), 17:805–809 Clinical Notes), 18:427–429 Arteriovenous malformations in children (Literature Scan), split rib cranioplasty for (Surgical Strategy), 18:594– 9:302 597 Arteriovenous malformation (AVM), sublingualApnea–hypopnea index (AHI), improvement after surgery in intramuscular, surgical treatment of (Brief Clinical OSA patients (Clinical Notes), 17:44–49 Notes), 18:1496–1500Apnea, sleep, distraction osteogenesis for midface Artertiovenous malformations (AVMs), intraosseous, of hypoplasia and (Clinical Note), 12:73–77 mandible, combination of embolization and surgeryApnea, sleep, obstructive for (Brief Clinical Note), 19:816–819 distraction osteogenesis for (Symposium), 10:280 Artery(s) in growing patient (Clinical Note), 10:430–434 carotid, digital compression of (Brief Clinical Notes),Aponeurosis, external oblique, with groin flap (Surgical 16:1130–1131 Strategy), 12:501–504 lacrimal, importance of anatomic features of, for orbitalApoptosis approaches (Anatomic Studies), 16:957–964 Discussion (Errata), 17:207–209 submental perforating, bleeding during facelift and low level, poor prognostic features of Jaw lymphoma as (Anatomic Studies), 16:1–2 highly malignant tumor (Clinical Notes), Artery(ies), deep middle masseteric, in hemorrhage in 17:231–235 resection of masseter muscle and mandibular angleApoptosis, detection of, in fusing versus nonfusing mouse (Anatomical Landmarks), 12:381–385 cranial sutures (Basic Research), 16:572–578 (Discussion), 12:386Apoptosis in developing coronal sutures, fibroblast growth Arteries of lateral sellar compartment, 6:61–62 factors in (Eighth Conference of the ISCS), 12:399– Artex-Calotte System in comminuted panfacial fracture 400 management, 9:514–521Apoptosis in mice using Annexin V, early detection of, Athletic concussion: current understanding as of 2007 8:441–445 (Literature Scan), 19:549–550Apparent ‘nonsyndromic’ coronal craniosynostosis, Arthrogryposis increased risk of reoperation in, from FGFR3 diagnosis and therapeutic planning for patients seeking P250R mutation (Anatomic Studies), 16:347–354 orthodontic treatment or orthognathic surgeryArchives and cumulative index of published material, (Clinical Notes), 18:838–843 educational value of (Special Editorial), 19:1438– Athymic Calvarial defects, bone regeneration with Accell 1439 DBM100 (Original Articles), 18:497–503Arterial graft, degeneration and regeneration of perivascular Athymic nude mouse model, of nonhealing critical-sized innervation in (Basic Sciences), 15:570–581 calvarial defects, applications of (Scientific Discussion, 15:582–583, 15:584 Foundation), 19:192–197Arterial supply of lips, anatomic dissection of (Anatomical Articular fossa, temporomandibular, surgical technique for Study), 19:785–794 protection of (Surgical Strategies), 17:523–527 7
  • 8. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERYArticulation Auricular protection after ear surgery, door knob cover for after maxillary advancement in cleft lip and palate (Technical Experiences), 18:1416–1418 patients commentary on, 9:183–184 Auricular reconstruction in mild cases of conchal type (Scientific Foundation), 9:177–182 microtia (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1115–1119 mandibular distraction osteogenesis and, 7:186–191 Auriculo-condylar syndrome, correction of auricular andArtificial insemination, inherited Treacher-Collins mandibular deformities in (Brief Clinical Notes), syndrome in twins after (Clinical Note), 5:127–129 16:489–491Artificial skin substitutes in children, management of giant Autogenous bone graft(s) congenital nevi with (Special Section: Giant corticocancellous, in bone-ceramic composite, 2:27 Congenital Nevus), 16:904–907 for cranial bone defects repair (discussion), 19:675–677Aseptic meningitis following craniofacial reconstruction, for cranial osseous defects, 3:67 pseudomeningocele complicating, 1:179 in facial reconstruction (Symposium), 10:404–405Assessment of outcome Autogenous bone graft, and low-power laser for repairing in anterior plagiocephaly (Symposium), 9:580–582 skull defects, stimulation of osteogenesis in in posterior plagiocephaly (Symposium), 9:577–580 (Experimental Study), 17:297–301Asymmetrical deformity of facial skeleton, endoscopic Autogenous bone grafts, for reconstruction of craniofacial surgery on, using bony defects (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:953–958 neuronavigator, 7:326–332 Autogenous bone in reconstruction of severe zygo-matico-Asymmetric skull shapes: diagnostic and therapeutic orbital fracture with dislocation of globe into consideration, 14:696–69 antrum (Clinical Note), 4:95–101(A)symmetry, perception of, in face (Special Issue: Technical Autogenous calvarial bone graft harvest, intraoperational Strategies), 15:128–134 complications of (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:312–Athelia, pediatric breast deformity (Clinical Notes), 318 17:454–467 Autogenous material vs methylmethacrylate for cranioplastyAtlantoaxial joint, subluxation of (Clinical Note), 19:1119– for acquired skull defects in children, 3:48–49 1121 Autogenous platelet-rich plasma in combination withAtomic force microscopy (AFM), for study of bovine-derived hydroxyapatite xenograft for micromechanical properties of (Scientific treatment of cystic lesion of jaw (Clinical Notes), Foundation), 17:91–97 16:978–980Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), medical Autogenous rib grafts, for restoration of mandibular management (Literature Scans), 18:990 continuity defects in newborns and young childrenAtypical lipomatous tumor, in submental region (Clinical (Clinical Notes), 17:255–260 Note), 19:1558–1560 AutograftAuditory canal, external, reconstruction of, ultrathin cranioplasty with (Point of View), 6:80–83 fibroscopic evaluation of, 9:228–233 fat, orbital injection of, treatment of enophthalmos byAugmentation, by autologous adipose tissue in cleft lip and (Literature Scan), 6:425 nose, final esthetic touches in clefts: part I Autograft cranial reconstruction, metallic alloplasts for (Technical Strategies), 15:478–481 (Scientific Foundation), 7:460–464 Discussion, 15:482 Autograft repair (Scientific Foundation), 4:103–104Augmentation, malar, by osteotomy and advancement Autografts (Technical Strategy), 4:257–264 with DBM and cancellous allograft for mandibularAugmentation mentoplasty, using custom-design wire cage reconstruction (Clinical Notes), 18:95–100 (Clinical Note), 14:884–892 discussion on, 18:101–103Augmentation rhinoplasty, fixation of split calvarial graft in Autologous blood transfusion in surgical program for nasal reconstruction (Surgical Strategies), 17:131– craniosynostosis (Clinical Note), 12:479–484 138 Autologous bone, and bioglass, in cranial reconstructionAuricular protection, after ear surgery using dust mask (Original Article), 18:1290–1295 (Technical Strategy), 19:1639–1640 Autologous cartilage, experimental study of (ScientificAuricular reconstruction, cranial implant-based (Clinical Foundations), 18:551–558 Notes), 17:889–897 Autologous graft in TMJ reconstruction, TMJ function after,Augmentation surgery for facial bone deformities associated 8:383–390 with hemifacial microsomia, 2:181–188 Autologous serum, human bone marrow-derived MSCsAural rehabilitation with osseointegrated implants cultured with, cryopreserved, osteogenic potential (Technical Strategy), 9:388–393 of, 19:693–700Auricular composite graft, for skin defect of philtrum dimple Automatic hole repairing for cranioplasty using Bézier (Technical Strategies), 14:228–234 surface approximation (Technical Strategies),Auricular deformities, correction of, in auriculo-condylar 16:1076–1084 syndrome (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:489–491 Autotransplantation, cranial suture commentary on, 9:440 (Scientific Foundation), 9:404–4098
  • 9. SUBJECT INDEXAvascular necrosis of jaws, new treatment of (Clinical manifestation of (Brief Clinical Note), 19:279–283 Notes), 17:1080–1083 Bell palsy, diagnosis of, with gadolinium magneticAvascular, necrosis of mandibular condyle causing fibrous resonance imaging (Clinical Notes), 14:51–54 ankylosis of temporomandibular joint in sickle cell Behavior, craniofacial, of sutures in young rabbits anemia (Brief Clinical Notes), 15:1052–1056 postimmobilization, 8:483–489, 8:490Avascular osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) treatment, ozone Benchmarks, for assessment of care, quality of, influence on therapy for, (Clinical Notes), 18:1071–1074 outcome (Literature Scans), 18:1504Axial aponeurofasciocutaneous groin flap (Surgical Benign forehead osteoma, endoscopic excision of (Clinical Strategy), 12:501–504 Notes), 17:426–430Axillary osmidrosis in Apert syndrome: management with Benign mandibular lesions, free fibula flap mandible arthroscopic shaver technique (Clinical Note), reconstruction in (Clinical Experience), 15:1002– 19:1126–1130 1009 Benign tumors, frontoethmoidal involvement by,“ Back to Sleep Campaign,” deformational plagiocephaly craniofacial resection and reconstructive strategy and, 7:12–17 for, 2:75–81Bacterial exposure required to induce rabbit calvarial bone -tricalcium phosphate, frontal sinus obliteration with graft infection by superficial contamination (Technical Strategies), 15:967–970 (Scientific Foundation), 5:247–253 -tricalcium phosphate, histomorphometric andBacterial and fungal infection, in immunocompromised densitometric evaluation of effects of platelet-rich patients (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:578–584 plasma on remodeling of, in beagle dogsBandeau in frontocranial remodeling, 1:18 (Experimental Design), 16:150–154Bandeau, beyond (Brief Clinical Note), 19:1180–1182 Bias, systemic, produced by backlighted digitizer, 8:222–Banked cranial bone flaps, development of coronal 227 craniosynostosis in (Brief Clinical Notes), Bicortical inferior plate fixation (Editorial Note), 19:428– 17:561–567 432Barrier membranes, and guided-tissue regeneration in Bézier surface approximation, automatic hole repairing for maxillary alveolus cleft defect reconstruction cranioplasty using (Technical Strategies), (Technical Strategies), 17:1153–1160 16:1076–1084Basal cell adenomas (BCAs), synchronous multiple, parotid Bézier surface approximation, use in automatic hole gland involvement with (Brief Clinical Notes), repairing for cranioplasty (Technical Strategies), 18:1470–1473 17:344–352Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) Bibliography, future direction in (Editorial), 7:175 facial skin, (Original Articles), 18:1021 Bicoronal incisions, MicroDissection cautery needle vs multi-centric, and SCC, of craniofacial (Clinical cold scalpel in, 9:344–347 Notes), 17:265–271 Bicortical biodegradable screws, for rigid fixation of recurrent, of gorlin syndrome, coverage of cranium with traumatic sagittal split mandibular fracture latissimus dorsi in (Brief Clinical Notes), (Technical Experiences), 18:626–629 17:599–602 Bicortical screw fixation, complications of, observed in 482 risk factor for development of (Brief Clinical Notes), mandibular sagittal osteotomies (Special Issue: 18:708–710 Technical Strategies), 15:64–68Basal class II dentoskeletal alterations, surgical buccinator Bifid condylemandibula (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:1207– muscle myotomy in, 12:409–425 1209 (Discussion), 12:426 Bifid mandibular canal, atypical courses of (ClinicalBasal meningoencephaloceles Studies), 17:487–491 pathology of, 4:196, 4:213 Bifid nose, with cleft hand deformity (Clinical Note), treatment of, 4:212 19:1594–1596Basicranium malformation with anterior dislocation of right Bifid tongue, clinical feature of developmental anomaly styloid process causing stylalgia (Brief Clinical (Clinical Notes), 17:669–672 Notes), 16:418–420 Bifid zygomaticus major muscle (Anatomical Study),Bathrocephaly, correction of (Technical Strategy), 9:88–91 19:534–536Beagle dogs, histomorphometric and densitometric Bifrontal craniotomy for frontoethmoidal menin- evaluation of effects of platelet-rich plasma on goencephalocele, 2:7 remodeling of, in (Experimental Design), 16:150– Bilambdoid synostosis in Mercedes Benz syndrome, 9:417– 154 422Bechterew disease, coronoid process in patients with, Bilateral Choanal Atresia, computer-aided surgical treatment hyperplasia of (Clinical Note), 19:1114–1118 of (Technical Strategies), 18:654–660Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) Bilateral cleft lip nose deformity macroglossia in, treatment of (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:369–371 9
  • 10. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY composite correction of, central lip flap and nasal congenital, early experience with, 8:110–114 mucosal rotation advancement and (Surgical outcomes with, 9:441–444 Strategies), 16:255–261 commentary on, 9:445–447 reconstruction of (Technical Strategy), 19:1353–1358 in traumatic midfacial fractures, 8:103–109Bilateral cleft lip nasal deformity, new modified forked flap Bioabsorbable fixation technology for craniomaxillofacial with subcutaneous pedicles for (Technical surgery (Special Editorial), 8:85–86 Strategy), 19:1374–1380 Bioabsorbable membranes for pediatric craniofacial surgery,Bilateral cleft nasal deformity, improved nasal tip projection 8:127–128 in treatment of (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:834–839 Bioabsorbable mesh, interaction with: carbonated calciumBilateral clefts phosphate bone cement, reconstruction of immature lip and palate, “J-hook headgear” for repositioning of craniofacial skeleton, 14:117–124 premaxilla in (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:1198– Bioabsorbable osteoconductive drug-releasing hard tissue 1207 fixation devices, multifunctional, innovation in simultaneous pre-maxillary osteotomy and bone grafting (Literature Scan), 19:545–546 in (Clinical Studies), 17:291–296 Bioabsorbable osteofixation tacks and plates, and novelBilateral coronal synostosis in infancy, treatment of, holistic tack-shooter, new technique for correction of approach to, 2:109 trigonocephaly using (Technical Strategies),Bilateral hyperplasia of coronoid processes (Brief Clinical 14:92–100 Notes), 16:723–726 Bioabsorbable plating systemBilateral mass, parotid voluminous masses: case report for craniofacial skeleton, 8:121–126 (Clinical Notes), 15:165–169 advantages of, 8:133–134Bilateral peronea artery magna, iliac crest osteocutaneous disadvantages of, 8:134 flap reconstruction for ameloblastoma of mandible patient results with, 8:129–133 in patient with: case report, 14:809–814 (Editorial), 8:83Bilateral quadrification of the anterior digastric muscles in experimental craniotomies, radiographic follow-up (Original Articles), 18:773–775 of, 8:446–451, 8:452Bilateral reduction mammoplasty, in adolescent population: Bioabsorbable polymers. See Polymers, bioabsorbable adolescent bilateral reduction mammoplasty, Bioabsorbable polymers, science of, 8:87–91 14:691–695 Bioabsorbable self-reinforced poly-L/DL-lactide 70/30Bilateral sagittal split osteotomies (BSSO) tacks and miniscrews in human cadaver bone, mandible (Scientific Foundations), 18:823 holding power of (Scientific Foundations), in treatment of mandibular deformities (Technical 14:171–175 Experiences), 18:931–934 Bioactive glass, 45S5, combined as bone substitute inBilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO), complications of reconstruction of critical size calvarial defects in bicortical screw fixation observed in (Special rabbits (Scientific Foundations), 16:63–70 Issue: Technical Strategies), 15:64–68 Bio-Alcamid, cheek augmentation with, in facialBimaxillary osteotomy for facial skeletal deformity with lipoatrophy in HIV seropositive patients (Clinical malocclusion (Clinical Note), 11:128–136 Note), 19:1085–1088Bimaxillary protrusion, determinants of successful treatment Bioceramics in facial skeleton deformity correction (Clinical of, orthodontic treatment versus anterior segmental Note), 11:470–479 osteotomy (Clinical Study), 16:234–246 Biochemical analysis, of hydroxyapatite cement cranioplastyBimaxillary retrusion (Clinical Note), 17:44–49 (Scientific Foundations), 15:415–422Binder Jet method in producing full-scale model from Discussion, 15:422–423 computed tomographic data Biocompatibility, of collagen scaffolds in palatal mucosa, (Discussion), 12:96 19:599–608Binder jet method, rapid prototyping using (Scientific Biocompatibility of implantable materials in facial aesthetic Foundation), 11:526 and reconstructive surgery (Symposium), 7:473–Binder syndrome, nasomaxillary reconstruction in, 486 19:1225–1236 Bioglass, and autologous bone, in cranial reconstructionBioabsorbable craniofacial meshes and plates, experimental (Original Article), 18:1290–1295 study of heat adaptation of (Scientific Foundation), Biodegradable. See under Bioabsorbable 18:540–545 Biodegradable devices, internal craniofacial distractionBioabsorbable fixation plates/devices, 8:92–95 with (Clinical Note), 11:354–366 in correction of craniosynostosis (Technical Strategy), Biodegradable devices, internal Le Fort III distraction with 9:88–91 (Clinical Note), 12:264–272 in craniomaxillofacial reconstruction, preventable Biodegradable fixation in cranial bone grafting, 7:54–59 complication of (Clinical Report), 8:151–152 Biodegradable fixation in craniofacial surgery, tacks in in Le Fort I osteotomies, 9:210–214 (Technical Strategy), 12:596–602 in pediatric craniofacial surgery, 8:97–10210
  • 11. SUBJECT INDEXBiodegradable miniplates, long-term and clinical results Bio-Oss in reconstruction of calvarial defects in rabbit with (Commentary), 11:244–245 model, 4:79–84 (Original Scientific Foundation), 11:239–243 Bio-Oss particles/collagen sponges, repair of experimentalBiodegradable osteofixation, intraosseous plating in, 9:247 calvarial defects in rabbit model with (ScientificBiodegradable plates Foundation), 5:242–245 cyanoacrylate adhesive and, in craniofacial skeletal Biporion-dorsum sellae plane, three-dimensional computed fixation, 6:477 tomography rendered images with, measurement screws and and monitoring of monobloc distraction DL-polyactic acid, use of, in rabbits, experimental osteogenesis using, precision and reproducibility studies of (Scientific Foundation), 4:223–227 of (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:430–434 in rabbit model, use of, 2:168–172 Bioreactor, perfusion, for vascular tissue engineering with screws and, polyglyconate, histological evaluation capabilities for longitudinal stretch (Special in rabbit model, 6:282–286 Issue: Regenerative Medicine), 14:340–347Biodegradable plates and screws, inion fast-absorbing, Bioresorbable osteofixation devices, reflections on biodegradation of (Scientific Foundation), 19:748– complications to (Discussion), 18:1242–1243 756 Bioresorbable plating systemsBiodegradable plating systems, intraosseous (Scientific in craniofacial skeleton fixation, 10:491 Foundation), 9:171–176 for orbitozygomatic complex fractures, 10:400–403Biodegradable polymer(s) (Clinical Note), 10:237–242 for rigid fixation in craniofacial surgery, processing of, Biosensors, for detecting gene expression (Special 6:477 Editorial), 17:3–7 matrix recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 Biosorb, osteofixation devices, successful use of, in 165 carriers in calvarial defects (Scientific cranial and maxillofacial cases: a multi-center report Foundation), 9:147–153 (Clinical Notes), 15:692–701Bioelectricity in stimulation of coronal suture in rabbits, Discussion, 15:702 8:360–365 Bipartition and orbital shift, how to choose between, whenBioengineering handbook (Book Review), 12:200 correcting teleorbitism, 2:164ABiofilm, implanted alloplast materials and (Scientific Bipedicled scalp flap, in management of class IV skull burns, Foundations), 17:950–956 19:970–975Biofilm, implanted alloplast materials and (Symposium), Biphosphonate therapy, for osteonecrotic (ON) lesions of 10:410–411 jaws (Original Articles), 18:1012–1017Biological predeterminism, craniofacial disorders and Bisphosphonate-induced ONJ, failed or delayed healing in, (Editorial), 6:263 (Clinical Notes), 18:1069–1070Biology Bisphosphonate side effects, osteonecrosis of jaw (ONJ), developmental, research on, 3:4 (Clinical Notes), 18:1071–1072 implantation (Book Review), 6:258 Bipolar anastomosis technique (BAT), for venous end-to-Biomaterial implantation, in facial esthetic diseases end anastomosis, in vascular model (Special (Clinical Note), 19:1098–1103 Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:772–778Biomaterials “ Biporion-dorsum sellae” plane, 3-D CT images with, for absorbable, in craniofacial skeleton fixation, 10:491 measuring and monitoring of monobloc DO in face for rigid skeletal fixation (Symposium), 10:407– comparison of measurements before and after 409 (Symposium), 10:404–414 distraction, 19:369–376 handbook on (Book Review), 12:200 Bird-like facies (Clinical Experience), 10:160–167 in operating room (Editorial), 12:407–408 Birmingham craniofacial deformities, 7:336–339 reactions to (Special Editorial), 16:195–196 Birth defects used for calvarial reconstruction, 19:383–392 craniofacial, effects of, on maternal functioning, used in oral surgery, surface analysis methods of: postinfancy, 2:195 literature review (Clinical Materials), 16:31–36 in Crouzon twins with cloverleaf skull, 2:56–62Biomechanical evaluation of canine and porcine models for parents of children with, psychological aspects of, 2:9– experimental craniofacial surgery, 6:288–291 16.Biomechanical testing of alloplastic PMMA cranioplasty See also Psychological aspects of parents of children materials (Technical Strategies), 16:140–143 with craniofacial anomaliesBiomechanics of orbitozygomatic complex (Clinical Note), Birth trauma, bilateral cephalohematoma due to (Technical 10:237–242 Strategies), 17:970–979Biomedical devices in implantation biology (Book Review), Bisphosphonates (BPs), inhibition of bone resorption 6:258–259 (Clinical Notes), 17:876–879Biomedical research (Editorial), 6:183 Bitemporal depressions, after cranioplasty forBiomodelling, stereolithographic, in craniomaxillofacial trigonocephaly, 19:72–79 surgery (Literature Scan), 10:462–463 11
  • 12. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERYBlame process, in clinical practice (Editorial), 18:1247– treatment of bony defects (Scientific Foundations), 1248 15:736–741Blast, fireworks, complex craniofacial trauma from, 19:322– Discussion, 15:742–744 327 Body ostectomies, changes in pharyngeal airway space andBleeding during facelift, submental perforating artery and hyoid bone positions after (Clinical Study), (Anatomic Studies), 16:1–2 16:23–30Blepharolabioanal syndrome (Clinical Note), 6:392–394 Bomb explosion wave, mandibular joint dysfunction with,Blepharoplasty, localization of supraorbital nerve during, otalgia from, 3:223–225 need of anatomical knowledge about the area Bone(s) (Clinical Notes), 18:104–112 autogenous, in reconstruction of severe zygomatico-Blepharoptosis, caused from compression of levator muscle orbital fracture with dislocation of globe into by fractured orbital roof fragment (Surgical antrum (Clinical Note), 4:95–101 Strategies), 15:942–945 calvarial. see Calvarial bone and cartilage, differentBlepharoptosis repair, insertion of frontalis muscle relating lyophilized, implantation of, for reconstruction to (Anatomic Studies), 16:965–967 in craniofacial surgery, long-term results after,Blepharospasm, in patients with SJS, treatment with BTX-A 2:166A (Clinical Notes), 17:656–660 chin, secondary alveolar cleft grafts using (Brief ClinicalBlindness, as complication of monobloc frontofacial Notes), 16:864–868 advancement with distraction (Brief Clinical Note), contact of titanium miniplate/screw with (Scientific 19:1170–1173 Foundation), 11:184–188Blindness from traumatic optic neuropathy following facial cranial. See Cranial bone trauma, 8:352–359 cranialBlood defects in, reconstruction of, with hydroxyapatite and flow of, postural, regulation of, cranioplasty and free flap transfer (Clinical Note), 8:141–145 (Literature Scan), 12:101 expansion of (Technical Strategy), 7:151–155 transfusion of, autologous, in surgical program for grafting of, biodegradable vs titanium fixation in, craniosynostosis (Clinical Note), 12:479–484 7:54–59Blood conservation, during craniosynostic correction with healing of dual therapy using procrit and cell saver, 19:101– enhanced, 7:299 105 substituted dextran polymers and, 7:19–22Blood flow, cerebral, decreased secondary to simple thickness of, ultrasound assessment of, 8:213–220 craniosynostosis, 7:177–185 cranial, defects in, tissue-engineered repair ofBlood loss, during median mandibulotomy for sublingual (Discussion), 12:594–595 intramuscular AVM, transarterial embolization for (Frontiers in Surgery), 12:586–593 minimizing (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1496–1500 cranial, regeneration of, guided tissue regeneration andBlood loss, in sclerotherapy and surgery, comparison of (Clinical Note), 11:552 (Special Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:729– cranial vault, remodeling techniques for, 1:147 735 craniofacial, repair of, BMP gene therapy in, 11:24–30Blood loss and transfusion rates during repair of craniofacial defect in deformities (Clinical Notes), 16:59–62 complicating craniofacial surgery, 8:344Blood supply in myelomeningocele repair (Clinical Note), in McCune-Albright syndrome (Clinical Note), 11:500–508 9:79–82Blood transfusion, total amount of, complications of demineralized craniofacial surgery and, 8:345, 8:347 in craniofacial reconstruction (Symposium), 10:405–Blood vessels 406 lesions of, of cranial base, 1:106 ossification of, in cranial defect repair (Scientific malformations of Foundation), 7:347–351 congenital, sinus pericranii as, 9:3–9 osteoinductive potential of, age and (Scientific mandibular, treatment and long-term results in, 5:289 Foundation), 9:142–146Blow-out fracture, of orbital floor in early childhood, osteoinductive potential of, ethylene oxide gas 14:666–671 sterilization and, 6:195–197Blowout fracture, orbital, Silastic implantation for, deposition of, frontoparietal advancement and (Literature complication of, 9:452–455 Scan), 10:380 (Clinical Note), 9:452–455 distracted, orthodontic tooth movement into (Scientific commentary on, 9:456–458 Foundation), 9:564–571Blow-out fractures, strangulated trapdoor type orbital, in erosion of, skin expansion and, 1:103 children, fracture pattern and clinical outcome in facial (Literature Scans), 16:513 deformities of, associated with hemifacial microsomia,BMP-9-transduced prefabricated muscular flaps, for 2:181–18812
  • 13. SUBJECT INDEXfractures of, cyanoacrylate in (Clinical Note), 8:229–235 hydroxyapatite as, with bone morphogenetic protein, trauma to, fixation of, with absorbable mini-plates, osteogenetic activity of, basic fibro-blast growth 8:135–140 factor and (Scientific Foundation), 7:418–424fixation of hydroxyapatite ceramic as, 6:238–243 bioabsorbable devices for, 8:92–95 market expansion of (Editorial), 10:283 in pediatric craniofacial surgery, 8:97–102 (Symposium), 7:479–483 congenital, early experience with, 8:110–114 grafts of. See Graft(s), bone preventable complication of (Clinical Report), growth factors in, for radiation-induced impairment of 8:151–152 bone healing (Scientific Foundation), 9:131– devices for, resorbable, for craniosynostosis surgery, 137 6:477 healing of, after temporary anterior mandibular effects of, on craniofacial imaging, 4:67–73 osteotomy, 10:186–192 for mandibular fractures, methods of, scintigraphic healing of, spontaneous, in rabbit, 11:346–349 evaluation of, 8:270–272 harvesting of, by percutaneous power-oriented core in maxillofacial trauma with absorbable mini-plates, ostectomy, 6:170–172 8:135–140 human cortical allograft, composition of, derived from poly L-lactic acid-polyglycolic acid devices for, FDA/AATB-screened donors (Scientific degradation characteristics of, 8:116–120 Studies), 16:579–585 resorbable hyoid, positions of, changes in, after body ostectomies craniofacial growth and, 5:110–115 and sagittal split ramus osteotomies (Clinical for craniomaxillofacial surgery (Special Study), 16:23–30 Editorial), 8:85–86 iliac effects of, on craniofacial skeletal growth, graft of, preemptive analgesia in (Clinical Study), 3:190–196 9:448–451 in traumatic midfacial fractures, 8:103–109 iliac, secondary alveolar cleft grafts using (Brief rigid, internal, removal of, reasons for, 9:40–44 Clinical Notes), 16:864–868 rigid plate, craniofacial growth in rabbits and thickness map of, 8:272–278 (Literature Scan), 8:81 implants of semirigid (Clinical Note), 2:146–151 for calvarial defect reconstruction after meningi-omasflap of, occipitoparietal, for mandibular recon-struction removal, 4:130–133 (Technical Strategy), 6:249–253 demineralizedformation ability, basic studies on, by platelet rich perforated, in craniofacial surgery, 3:55–62 plasma in rabbits (Scientific Foundations), species-specific, in reconstruction of large 15:439–446 congenital cranio-orbital defect, 3:113–118formation of interface between titanium miniplate/screw and after cranial osteotomies with high-speed drill, (Scientific Foundation), 11:184–188 analysis, 8:466–470 interstitial growth of, revisited (Scientific Foundations), in cranial, mandibular, tibial, and iliac bone grafts in 15:283–287 rats, 6:139–141 labeling of, fluorochrome, in nerve growth factor inducing (Symposium), 10:411–413 treatment of onlay bone grafts, 2:175 quantitating with tetracycline fluorescence incident lengthening of photometry, 5:77–80 bidirectional callus distraction for, 7:258–266formation of, in calvarial bone defect, leukemia inhibitory in human mandible by gradual distraction, 2:164A factor and (Scientific Foundation), 11:512 midfacial advancement by, for craniofacial deformities,formation of, pellet on, in bone defect, effect of 9:114–122 calcium sulfate-chitosan composite on living, graft of, for huge ossifying tumors involving orbit (Scientific Study), 16:213–227 (Technical Strategy), 7:156–159formation of, in pterygoid region after maxillary mandibular, deficit of, with histologic study in man distraction (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:174–180 (Clinical Note), 12:109–117 membranous (Discussion), 12:118 biodegradable fixation of (Scientific Foundation),frontal. See Frontal bone 9:171–176frontal evaluation of, microcomputed tomography scanning defects in, extensive, galea flap for (Technical in, 9:48–54 Strategy), 6:164–168 midface, defects in, reconstruction of, with Vitallium distraction of, outside cranial plane (Technical micromesh, 3:125–133 Strategy), 4:177–181 mineral, bovine, anorganic, reconstruction of cal-varialgenetic disorder of, osteogenesis and, 10:27–37 defects in rabbit model with, 4:79–84 occipital, epidermoid cyst of (Clinical Note), 6:161–163 13
  • 14. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY parietal, thickness map of, in Korean adults, 8:208–212 enhancing bone regeneration, critical-size defect and, perforated demineralized, in craniofacial surgery, 2:166A 9:310–316 reconstruction of temporal, fibrous dysplasia of, complication of, 9:433– after tumor resection using irradiated bone (Clinical 437 Note), 9:459–463 successful use of Biosorb osteofixation devices in 165 immediate, after tumor resection around orbit cranial and maxillofacial cases: a multicenter (Technical Strategy), 5:275 report (Clinical Notes), 15:692–701 reconstruction of, with calcium phosphate bone cements Discussion, 15:702 (Literature Scan), 12:102 temporal, fracture of, as complication of condylectomy regenerated, structure and function of (Editorial), 6:351 (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:185–189 regeneration of tissue-engineered, using mesenchymal stem cells and with allogenic type I collagen implants for critical biodegradable scaffold (Special Issue: Technical size defects, 12:573–579 Strategies), 15:34–37 in autograft repair (Scientific Foundation), 4:104 vomeral, nasal cartilaginous, reconstructed with costal in calvarial defects, tissue segregation enhancing cartilaginous graft (Surgical Strategies), (Scientific Foundation), 5:34–43 16:819–822 in calvarial reconstruction in baboons with porous Bone-anchored hearing aid (BAHA), percutaneous, 14:637– hydroxyapatite, 3:149–159 642 in cranial defects with biodegradable barriers, 12:41– Bone-anchored implants 47 for absent ear (Scientific Foundation), 19:744–747 intracranial migration of microplates vs wires and, for orbital reconstruction (Clinical Notes), 17:848–853 9:60–64 Bone anchors in craniofacial surgery (Technical Strategy), in osseous wound healing, 7:46–52 7:164–167 materials enhancing, 9:310–316 Bone augmentation osteogenesis, using hydroxyapatite resorbable membranes for, in pediatric craniofacial and beta-tricalcium phosphate blocks (Literature surgery, 8:127–128 Scans), 15:358–359 study of (Correspondence), 8:154 Bone(s) cell migration, effect of platelet releasate on, and TCP ceramic bone substitution materials in, 12:59– recruitment in vitro (Special Issue: Regenerative 68 Medicine), 14:292–300 transforming growth factor- 1 and, 7:36–44 cements, carbonated calcium phosphate, reconstruction (Scientific Foundation), 7:300–310 of immature craniofacial skeleton: interaction repair of with bioreabsorbable mesh, 14:117–124 in diabetic rats, insulin-like growth factor type 1 and, craniofacial, replacement of, accuracy of 6:218–222 stereolithography in planning (Scientific endochondral vs intramembranous demineralized Foundations), 14:164–170 bone matrices in, 10:177–184 (Discussion), 14:934–935 fourth generation of (Editorial), 5:207 engineering applications, in vitro and in vivo, precise materials for critical size defect as experimental model cylindrical three-dimensional tissue for, 1:60 engineering scaffolds for, fabrication of (Special synthetic, for craniofacial reconstruction, 1:150 Issue: Regenerative Medicine), 14:317–323 radiation-induced impairment of, recombinant human bone formation, or just refined bone regeneration bone morphogenetic protein-2 and (Scientific (Editorial), 14:265 Foundation), 9:131–137 in vivo, in rabbit femur (Special Issue: Regenerative resorption of Medicine), 14:324–332 intracranial migration of microplates vs wires and, formation bone engineering, or just refined bone 9:60–64 regeneration (Editorial), 14:265 mechanisms of (Scientific Foundation), 9:254–259 potential of cryopreserved human bone marrow septal, nasal cartilaginous, reconstructed with costal mesenchymal cell/hydroxyapatite complex in cartilaginous graft (Surgical Strategies), presence of recombinant human bone 16:819–822 morphogenetic protein-2, experimental study on, skull, defect of, in vertex without scalp defect (Clinical 14:108–116 Report), 8:146–150 graft(s) early, in Tessier number 4 cleft: case report sphenoid, giant-cell tumors or, craniofacial treat-ment of (Surgical Strategies), 14:406–410 (Clinical Note), 5:254–255 (Discussion), 14:411–412 substitute(s) for survival of, utilizing periosteal free flap, complex Bio-Oss particles/collagen sponges as, in repair of midfact reconstruction: maximizing contour and experimental calvarial defects in rabbit model (Original Articles) (Surgical Strategies), 14:413– (Scientific Foundation), 5:242–245 416, 14:779–782 demineralized bone matrix as, 5:172–17714
  • 15. SUBJECT INDEX growth, local reparative, proton pump inhibitors control facial, distraction osteogenesis, (Surgical Techniques), osteoclastic resorption of calcium phosphate 18:1133–1137 implants and stimulate increased local Bone defect, repair of, with combination biomaterials reparative bone growth (Special Issue: (Special Issue: Technical Strategies), 15:11–15 Regenerative Medicine), 14:301–307 Bone denudation, roles of different areas of palate bone on healing, adjacent, of cranial osteonecrosis, roles of growth and development of maxilla and dental arch periosteum, dura, and (Scientific Foundations), (Experimental Study), 18:391–398 14:371–379 Bone distraction, using bone regeneration work. See (Discussion), 14:380–382 Calostasis human cadaver, holding power of bioreabsorbable self- Bone distraction, device, novel internal spring-driven reinforced poly-L/DL-lactide 70/30 craniofacial, introduction of (Scientific tacks and miniscrews in (Scientific Foundations), Foundations), 15:324–328 14:171–175 Bone distraction, midfacial advancement by, for craniofacial marrow, mesenchymal cell/hydroxyapatite complex, deformities, 9:114–122 cryopreserved human, in presence of Bone dust, cranial, in full-thickness skull defect recombinant human bone morphogenetic reconstruction, comparison of inorganic bovine protein-2, experimental study on bone bone particles with, 3:25–29 formation potential of, 14:108–116 Bone dust, diced cartilage and cartilage/bone dust mixture morphogenetic protein, delivery system, in search of permanence of (Experimental Study), 17:905–908 ideal: in vitro studies on demineralized bone Bone flap, galeoparietal, full-thickness, for mandibular matrix, purified and recombinant bone reconstruction after hemimandibulec-tomy, 8:59 morphogenetic protein (Special Issue: Bone flaps, preservation of, in patients with post- Regenerative Medicine), 14:284–291 craniotomy infections (Literature Scans), 15:1066– parietal, agenesis and associated multiple congenital 1067 anomalies (Clinical Notes), 14:192–196 Bone flap, vascularized, prefabrication by DBM (Scientific regeneration effect of, on growth hormone on Foundations), 18:43–48 consolidation in mandibular distraction Bone formation osteogenesis of dog model (Original Articles), in calvarial experimental model, micro-CT and 14:417–425 histomorphometry for assessment of, correlation refined, bone engineering, bone formation, or (Editorial), between (Scientific Foundation), 19:446–452 14:265 in maxillary distraction osteogenesis, role of TEOM in replacement, craniofacial, accuracy of stereolithography promotion of, 19:80–87 in planning (Scientific Foundations), 14:164– Bone fracture(s) 170 frontal, new technique of closed reduction for substitute, in craniofacial area, porous (Correspondence), 18:1508 polymethylmethacrylate as (Clinical Notes), technique of close reduction (Technical Strategies), 14:63–68 (Discussion), 14:596–598 18:695–698Bone cement, for craniofacial repairs (Brief Clinical Note), Bone graft 19:283–286 alternative (see Demineralized bone matrix (DBM))Bone center displacement, tracing craniosynostosis to autogenous calvarial, intraoperational complications of developmental stage through, 10:526 (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:312–318Bone defect(s) calvarial, harvesting with piezoelectric device cranial, cranioplasty of (Clinical Notes), 17:1076–1079 (Technical Experiences), 18:1395–1396 frontal, prolonged, causing brain atrophy (Clinical free fibula, virtual planning of composite mandibular Notes), 17:843–847 reconstruction with (Brief Clinical Notes), orbital floor, porous polyethylene implant for 16:1137–1139 reconstruction (Clinical Notes), 17:1059–1064 harvesting (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:955 osteopromotion technique for healing, use of solvent- iliac, shifting of nerve passage over iliac crest by skin dehydrated cortical bone plate (Clinical Study), retraction (Anatomic Studies), 18:1447–1450 17:1105–1110 in orthognathic surgery, medial surface of mandible as repair with autogenous bone graft and low-power laser, alternative source of (Technical Strategies), stimulation of osteogenesis in (Experimental 16:123–128 Study), 17:297–301 primary alveolar, surgical technique for (Brief ClinicalBone defect, pellet on bone formation in, effect of calcium Notes), 16:706–711 sulfate-chitosan composite on (Scientific Study), secondary alveolar (SABG), outcome before and after 16:213–227 eruption of canine in patients with cleftBone defect reconstruction lip/palate (Clinical Notes), 18:1331–1337 after excision of skin tumors, (Original Articles), Bone graft(ing) 18:1031 15
  • 16. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY alveolar, bilateral, stabilization of mobile premaxilla by Bone healing, characteristics, comparison of membranous, in (Brief Clinical Note), 19:1705–1707 fetal and postnatal periods: experimental study autogenous, for cranial bone defects repair (discussion), (Scientific Foundations), 15:314–323 19:675–677 Bone healing, in presence of implantable fixation devices in autogenous, low-power laser for repairing skull defects, children and in adults (Editorial), 19:1435–1437 stimulation of osteogenesis in (Experimental Bone hemostasis agent, water-soluble, ostene (Clinical Study), 17:297–301 Notes), 17:420–425 autogenous rib grafts Bone induction in craniofacial surgery, growth and in cleft palate defect , comparative study of maxillary differentiation factors in, 1:154 growth and occlusal outcome after (Experimental Bone injury, radiation-induced mechanisms, on the tissue Study), 17:68–79 level (Original Articles), 18:1005 for mandibular reconstruction (Clinical Notes), Bone loss, frontal, due to frontofacial monobloc infection 17:255–260 (Clinical Notes), 17:843–847 autologous, to prevent development of contour deformity Bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs), osteogenic (Technical Strategies), 17:980–985 differentiation and proliferation (Scientific calvarial Foundations), 18:801–805 autogenous, for saddle nose deformities, compared to Bone mineralization, effect of calcium sulfate on (Original reconstruction with alloplastic material Article), 18:1309–1321 (Technical Experience), 19:466–475 Bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) split, fixation in nasal reconstruction (Surgical in repair of large-scale calvarial defects (Scientific Strategies), 17:131–138 Foundation), 19:1315–1322 and temporalis muscle flap for midfacial therapy, for craniofacial surgery, 19:1244–1259 reconstruction after maxillary tumor resection Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) (Clinical Notes), 17:1092–1104 with CPC, protection of intracranial contents following transferred vascularized, viability of (Clinical Note), craniofacial surgical procedures (Scientific 19:165–170 Studies), 17:926–934 cancellous, reconstruction of alveolar defect by and 3D technology in frontal bone reconstruction (Technical Strategies), 17:1153–1160 (Clinical Notes), 17:275–278 Cortoss TM as best material for, 19:88–95 -2, -4, & -7 in human DBM, assay of (Scientific costo-chondral, Le Fort III osteotomy distraction Foundation), 17:84–90 osteogenesis and mandibular/bimaxillary and pluronic F127 with hydroxyapatite and biphasic advancement for Peiffer syndrome (Clinical calcium phosphate for bone repair, evaluation of Notes), 17:44–49 (Original Article), 18:1264–1275 cranial, for surgical resection of hemangioma (Surgical rhBMP-2 Strategies), 17:702–704 mandible reconstruction in children and adolescents diced, wrapped in Surgicel, use in augmentation of involving in situ osteogenesis with (Clinical maxillofacial area, 19:1140–1445 Notes), 17:405–412 healing, on parietal bone, TIMP 1 of, immunolocalization on mandibular distraction at different rates in an study of, 19:393–397 experimental model (Scientific Foundation), maxilla reconstruction with fibular bone graft template 17:100–108 (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:145–146 on mandibular distraction osteogenesis osteoinductive potential of donor (Scientific (Experimental Study), 17:80–83 Foundation), 17:84–90 recombinant human 2 (rhBMP2), for calvarial pubic bone (Scientific Strategy), 17:1150–1152 reconstruction, 19:383–392 and simultaneous pre-maxillary osteotomy in bilateral for repairing bone defects (Original Articles), 18:497 clefts (Clinical Studies), 17:291–296 Bone marrow stromal cell differentiation, rat, role of bovine for treatment of mandibular fracture, 19:411–420 bone morphogenetic proteins in bone matrixBone grafting goals, (Clinical Notes), 18:855 protein and osteoblast-related gene expressionBone harvesting during (Experimental Study), 16:1006–1014 calvarial, with piezoelectric device (Technical Bone marrow stromal cells, autologous, cranial defect Experiences), 18:1395–1396 repair with (Discussion), 12:594–595 iliac bone graft, shifting of nerve passage over iliac crest (Frontiers in Surgery), 12:586–593 by skin retraction (Anatomic Studies), Bone matrix 18:1447–1450 demineralized, in osteoinduction, 3:70–77Bone healing, calvarial bone defects, effect of FGF and demineralized/polydioxanone composite as sub-stitute polylactide scaffolds on (Scientific Foundations), for bone graft, 3:63–69 17:935–942 Bone matrix, demineralized, in complex cranial wound reconstruction (Scientific Foundation), 11:224– 23116
  • 17. SUBJECT INDEXBone matrix protein, role of bovine bone morphogenetic Bone resorption, postextractive, effect of systemic proteins in, and osteoblast-related gene expression alendronate on (Clinical Note), 19:1061–1066 during rat bone marrow stromal cell differentiation Bone resorption, reduction of, by application of fibrin glue (Experimental Study), 16:1006–1014 in reconstruction of alveolar cleft (TechnicalBone metabolism in peri-implant zones, scintigraphic Strategies), 16:105–112 evaluation of, 8:379–382 Bone(s). See also specific bonesBone morphogenetic protein (BMP) allograft, demineralized and nondemineralized, hydration in bone repair/regeneration (Scientific Foundation), characteristics of (Scientific Foundation), 5:34–43 17:120–129 porous hydroxyapatite implants and, osteogenesis and autologous, and bioglass, in cranial reconstruction (Scientific Foundation), 7:71–78 (Original Article), 18:1290–1295 purified, in cranio-maxillo-facial surgery (Literature calvarial, critical size defects in, effect of FGF and Scan), 6:260 polylactide scaffolds on healing of (Scientific recombinant human, osteogenetic activity of, basic Foundations), 17:935–942 fibroblast growth factor and (Scientific facial, craniomaxillofacial, complex-type penetrating Foundation), 7:418–424 injuries of (Clinical Notes), 17:442–446Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP), in mandibular fixation, resorbable rivet system for pediatric craniofacial reconstruction (Clinical Note), 12:119–127 surgery (Clinical Notes), 17:11–14 (Discussion), 12:128 fractures, and osteotomies, fixation device materialBone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) PLDLA for (Scientific Foundations), 17:935– in craniofacial bone repair, 11:24–30 942 in osteoinduction, 11:189–193 frontal, reconstruction using BMP-2 and 3D technology,Bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) heparin with bovine type I collagen, hyaluronic implant of, human, tooth eruption and (Research acid, and fibrin as vehicles for (Clinical Notes), Foundation), 10:338–341 17:275–279 recombinant human lengthening, in syndromal craniosynostosis children lyophilized carriers for, in calvarial defects (Scientific awaiting midface advancement surgery, Le Fort Foundation), 9:147–153 III distraction osteogenesis for (Clinical Notes), for radiation-induced bone healing impairment 17:28–39 (Scientific Foundation), 9:131–137 microarchitecture recombinant human, in repair of craniotomy defects of rats changes in mandibular condyle and glenoid fossa (Literature Scan), 6:261 after bilateral vertical mandibular ramusBone morphogenetic proteins, BMP-2 and BMP-4, role of, distraction, micro–CT evaluation of (Errata, and their related postreceptor signaling system Scientific Foundation), 17:611–619 (Smads) in distraction osteogenesis of the mandible newly formed, use of 3D-CT measurement method in (Basic Science), 15:714–718 study of (Clinical Studies), 17:492–496Bone reconstruction, of the Maxillary Alveolus for production, in vitro, using stem cells derived from subsequent insertion of dental implant in patients human dental pulp (Scientific Studies), 17:511– with cleft lip and palate (Technical Strategies), 515 18:630–638 regeneration, guided (GBR), and osseointegration inBone regeneration ectodermal dysplasia patients (Original use of barrier membranes and guided-tissue regeneration Article), 18:1296–1304 in, maxilla cleft defect reconstruction (Technical repair, hydroxyapatite and biphasic calcium phosphate Strategies), 17:1153–1160 in combination with pluronic F127 and BMP biodegradable polymers for (Scientific Foundations), on, evaluation of (Original Article), 18:1264– 17:935–942 1275Bone regeneration guided, intermittent parathyroid hormone stabilization, in craniofacial surgery, new fast-resorbing treatment enhances, in rat calvarial bone defects polymer for (Clinical Notes), 17:40–43 (Scientific Foundations), 15:424–427 temporal, with middle ear, GCT of (Special Section: Discussion, 15:428–430 Vascular Anomalies), 17:797–800 principle, guided, role of, in preventing fibrous healing transport distraction osteogenesis, for reconstruction of in distraction osteogenesis at high speed: mandibular bone and soft-tissue defect experimental study in rabbit mandibles (Technical Experiences), 18:1397–1402 (Original Articles), 15:916–921 zygomatic and frontal fractures, new classification andBone regeneration, in Athymic Calvarial defects with Accell staging system for (Clinical Notes), 17:1040– DBM100 (Original Articles), 18:497–503 1044Bone resorption, effects of bisphosphonates on inhibition of Bone screws, microscrews as, 2:71–73 (Clinical Notes), 17:876–879 Bone sialoprotein at bone graft recipient site (Literature Scan), 10:171 17
  • 18. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERYBone substitute Bovine bone morphogenetic proteins, role of, in bone matrix allograft and alloplastic, review of science and protein and osteoblast-related gene expression technology for craniomaxillofacial surgeon and during rat bone marrow stromal cell differentiation (Clinical Studies), 16:981–989 (Experimental Study), 16:1006–1014 45S5 bioactive glass combined as, in reconstruction of Bovine-derived hydroxyapatite xenograft, autogenous critical size calvarial defects in rabbits platelet-rich plasma in combination with, for (Scientific Foundation), 16:63–70 treatment of cystic lesion of jaw (Clinical Notes),Bone substitutes, allogeneic/alloplastic, for closure of 16:978–980 calvarial critical-sized defects in rabbits (Scientific Bowstring canthal advancement in correction of flattened Studies), 17:926–934 supraorbital rim in unilateral coronal synostosisBone substitutes, different, long-term results with, used for (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:492–496 sinus floor elevation (Special Issue: Technical Brachycephaly, external pressure and, 11:39–41 Strategies), 15:38–41 Brachycephaly, nonsyndromic, early peri-fronto-orbitalBone wax, and ostene, comparison for implantation (Clinical craniectomy, for functional preservation and Notes), 17:420–425 morphologic improvement in, 19:40–44Bone wax, ossification of, in cranial defect repair (Scientific Brachycepaly, nonsyndromic, treatment of, using a multiple Foundation), 7:347–351 bone flap rotation-reposition technique (SurgicalBone-ceramic composite for enhancement of bone graft Strategies), 15:603–608 regeneration, 2:27–32 Brachydactyly in Crouzon’s disease, 5:221 clinical experience with, 2:29–31 Brain materials used in, 2:27–28 abscess of, from cranio-orbital foreign body (Clinical surgical technique for, 2:28–29 Note), 7:311–314BoneSource solidification (Clinical Note), 11:495–497 in craniosynostotic rabbits, 9:234–238 (Discussion), 11:498–499 decompression of, in cranial-orbital reconstructionBony-cartilaginous hump, removal of, (Surgical (Symposium), 9:592–594 Techniques), 18:1099 positron emission tomography of, in single-sutureBony defect in giant cystlike temporal encephalocele craniosynostosis, 10:38–42 (Clinical Note), 10:435–438 SPECT analysis of, for cerebral perfusion defects inBony defects, treatment of, BMP-9-transduced prefabricated simple craniosynostosis, 7:177–185 muscular flaps for (Scientific tumor of, congenital, associated with frontonasal Foundations), 15:736–741 encephalocele (Clinical Note), 6:386–389 Discussion, 15:742–744 Brain abscessBony fractures, craniomaxillofacial (Clinical Note), 7:384– associated with eyelid contracture (Brief Clinical Notes), 392 17:182–184Book review, How doctors think, Groopman, 19:834–835 by mycotic and bacterial infection in diabetes (BriefBotulinum toxin (BoNT) Clinical Notes), 17:578–583 and surgery, for treatment of Treacher collins syndrome Brain atrophy, due to prolonged frontal bone defect (Clinical Note), 19:1600–1602 (Clinical Notes), 17:843–847 for treatment of temporomandibular joint disk Brain-derived neurotrophic factor, and nerve growth factor, disfigurement (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:476– ole of, in inferior alveolar nerve regeneration in 480 distraction osteogenesis (Clinical Review), type A, recalcitrant idiopathic muscular torticollis in 14:859–865 infants with (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:321–326 Brain injury, penetration of Kirschner’s Knitting Needle type A, lower facial contouring with (Scientific into middle cranial cavity (Technical Strategies), Foundation), 19:1613–1617 18:674–679Botilinumtoxin type A (BTX-A), for management of Branchial arch anomalies in oculo-auriculo-vertebral blepharospasm with SJS (Clinical Notes), 17:656– syndrome (Clinical Note), 11:546 660 Branchial cleft anomalies, 19:1487–1490Botulinum toxin type A, recalcitrant idiopathic muscular Brånemark osseointegrated implants for cranial bone grafts torticollis in infants with (Brief Clinical Notes), for mandibular reconstruction (Technical Strategy), 16:321–326 4:51–57Bovine bone mineral Breast deformity, pediatric (Clinical Notes), 17:454–467 anorganic, reconstruction of calvarial defects in rabbit Breast, developing, burns of, 19:1030–1033 model with, 4:79–84 Breast milk intake, association between fatty acid profile of particles of, inorganic, in full-thickness skull defect serum lipids in ten-year-old cleft children, school reconstruction, comparison of porous performance, and (Clinical Studies), 16:764–769 hydroxyapatite granules and cranial bone dust Bregma, masses in, in children, 7:204–206 with, 3:25–29 Brow benign tumor ablation of, endoscopic, 8:176–18018
  • 19. SUBJECT INDEX displacement of, supine sleeping position and, 7:12–17 Burn woundBrow lift, video endoscopic-assisted (Technical Strategy), infections, microbiology of, 19:899–902 19:1140–1147 management, pediatric, topical antimicrobials in,Brow plasty, endoscopic and conventional (Symposium), 19:913–922 9:285 tangential excision of, 19:1056–1060Brown tumor, in children with normocalcemic Business of medicine (Editorial), 16:193–194 hyperparathyroidism: report of two cases (Clinical Buyouts (Editorial), 9:489–490 Notes), 14:69–73Buccal branches, facial, interrelated buccal fat pad with C syndrome, trigonocephaly in, 3:86 (Anatomical Strategies), 16:658–660 Calcified cephalohematoma: classifications, indications forBuccal fat pad, interrelated, with facial buccal branches and surgery and techniques (Technical Strategies), parotid duct (Anatomical Strategies), 16:658–660 17:970–979Buccinator muscle myotomy in dentoskeletal class II Calcium, intracellular, increase in, extrinsic tension inn alterations, 12:409–425 immature cranial sutures and (Eighth Conference of (Discussion), 12:426 the ISCS), 12:391–398Bullets, maxillo-facial injuries from, reconstructive Calcium phosphate cement paste, use of, for correction of surgery for, 6:473 depressed nose deformity (Brief Clinical Notes),Bull’s-eye technique with cranioplasty, for calcified 16:327–331 cephalohematoma (Technical Strategies), 17:970– Calcium phosphate bone cements, reconstruction of 979 immature craniofacial skeleton: interaction withBurn alopecia, use of micrografts and minigrafts together bioreabsorbable mesh, 14:117–124 with advancement of temporalis fascia and its Calcium phosphate cement (CPC) composite with BMP, for periosteum on treatment of, 19:907–909 protection of intracranial contents followingBurn injury craniofacial surgical procedures (Scientific complex, nonoperative management of, 19:1016–1019 Studies), 17:926–934 pediatric, nonoperative management of, 19:877–881 Calcium phosphate cement, nasal augmentation using treatment by cellular repair, 19:903–906 (Special Issue: Technical Strategies), 15:102–105Burn management, ethical considerations in, 19:895–898 Calcium phosphate cements, bone reconstruction withBurn patients (Literature Scan), 12:102 mortality in, association with fungal wound infection Calcium phosphate ceramic implant, for cranial bone defects (Literature Scan), 19:1186 repair (discussion), 19:675–677 pediatric, psychological rehabilitation of, 19:882–887 Calcium phosphate implants, proton pump inhibitorsBurns control osteoclastic resorption of, and stimulate biologic dressing in, 19:923–928 increased local reparative bone growth (Special burned pediatric hand, early management of, 19:942–950 Issue: Regenerative Medicine), 14:301–307 in children, hypertrophic scars and keloids after, Calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CP PD) deposition prevention and management of, 19:989–1006 disease of temporomandibular joint, 10:385–388 of developing breast, 19:1030–1033 Calcium phosphates ( -TCP and BCP), and hydroxyapatite electrical, of upper extremity in pediatric population, in combination with pluronic F127 and BMP on 19:1040–1046 bone repair, evaluation of (Original Article), facial, pediatric, 19:951–959 18:1264–1275 facial, pediatric, management of, 19:960–969 Calcium sulfate bone void filler (Discussion), 11:334 lower-extremity burn reconstruction, in the child, (Scientific Foundation), 11:327–333 19:976–988 Calcium sulfate-chitosan composite, effect of, pellet on bone management of, in children (Clinical Experience), formation in bone defect and (Scientific Study), 14:713–718 16:213–227 outpatient pediatric, prevention and management of, Calcium sulfate bone void fuller, in vitro analysis of elution 19:1034–1039 of tobramycin from (Scientific Foundation), pediatric 15:752–757 economics of, 19:888–890 Calcium sulfate pellets outpatient management of, 19:1007–1009 chitosan-coated pressed, combined with rhBMP-2 on patient, critical care and monitoring of, 19:929–932 restoration of segmental bone defect (Scientific patient, nutritional and metabolic consequences in, Foundation), 19:459–465 19:891–894 effect on early bone mineralization (Original Article), upper extremity and hand, management of, special 18:1309–1321 considerations in, 19:933–941 Callus distraction, bidirectional, for mandibular hypoplasia, skull, class IV, management with bipedicled super-ficial 7:258–266 temporal artery scalp flap, 19:970–975 Calostasis, manible distraction using internal deviceBurn scar contractures, of pediatric neck, 19:1010–1015 (Original Article), 18:29–38 19
  • 20. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERYCalvarial bone Calvarial defects in rabbits, critical size, 45S5 bioactive critical size defects in (Scientific Foundation), 9:138– glass combined as bone substitute in 141 reconstruction of (Scientific Foundations), 16:63– defects in 70 healing of, human recombinant transforming growth Calvarial dural flap for cranial base resection (Technical factor- 1 in (Scientific Foundation), 7:300– Note), 2:153 310 Calvarial healing, in immunodeficient mice (Scientific lyophilized bone morphogenetic protein-2 carriers in Foundation), 19:192–197 (Scientific Foundation), 9:147–153 Calvarial injury, gene expression in response to, age- distraction of dependent differences in (Scientific Foundation), internal, in rabbits with experimental coronal suture 19:1292–1301 immobilization (Scientific Foundation), 5:318 Calvarial osteoblast biology, affected by equibiaxial tensile vertical, experimental study of, 8:187–193 strain (Scientific Foundations), 14:348–355 graft(s) of Calvarial reconstruction, biomaterials used for, 19:383–392 for frontoethmoidal meningoencephalocele, 2:4–5, Calvarial sutures, effects of iloprost on, 19:1472–1480 2:7 Calvarial sutures in Sprague-Dawley rat, effect of insulin infection in, bacterial exposure required to induce, by growth factor-1 on (Scientific Foundation), 4:35– superficial contamination (Scientific Foundation), 38 5:247–253 Calvarium(ia) in reconstruction of intraosseous hemangiomas of bone defect in, bone formation in, leukemia inhibitory zygoma (Clinical Note), 6:506 factor and, 11:512, 11:76–82 skull defects from, repair of (Technical Strategy), (Discussion), 11:405 4:182–186 bone graft of, for frontoethmoidal encephalocele, 10:136– grafting of, split-thickness, in young children, 8:43–47 139 reconstruction of, total, fronto-orbital and occipital bregmatic epidermoid inclusion cyst eroding Clinical advancement technique in (Literature Scan), Note), 7:148–150 8:241 cranial base and, in Apert and Crouzon’s syndrome,Calvarial bone graft harvest, autogenous, intraoperational three-dimensional analysis of, 2:162–163A complications of (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:312– defects/deformities of 318 in baboons, osteogenesis in, porous hydroxy-apatiteCalvarial bone grafts implant geometry and (Scientific Foundation), autogenous, for saddle nose deformities, compared to 7:71–78 reconstruction with alloplastic material critical size, insulin-like growth factor type I and (Technical Experience), 19:466–475 (Scientific Foundation), 9:138–141 split, fixation in nasal reconstruction (Surgical fibrillar polylactic acid homopolymer in, 7:32–35 Strategies), 17:131–138 full-thickness, critical size of (Correspondence), and temporalis muscle flap for midfacial reconstruction 4:119 after maxillary tumor resection (Clinical Notes), healing of, human recombinant transforming growth 17:1092–1104 factor- 1 in (Scientific Foundation), 7:300–310 transferred vascularized, viability of (Clinical Note), lyophilized bone morphogenetic protein-2 carriers in 19:165–170 (Scientific Foundation), 9:147–153Calvarial bone harvesting with piezoelectric device osteogenesis of, in adult primates, tissue segregation (Technical Experiences), 18:1395–1396 enhancing (Scientific Foundation), 5:34–43Calvarial bone healing, effect of FGFs and polylactide reconstruction of, with Bio-Oss in rabbit model, scaffolds on (Scientific Foundations), 17:935–942 4:79–84Calvarial bone, Marjolin’s ulcer of scalp invading, treatment regeneration of, following subtotal craniectomy for with medpor, 19:1026–1029 craniosynostosis, 4:85–89Calvarial burn, bipedicled scalp flap for management of, repair of, comparison of ossification of demineral-ized 19:970–975 bone, hydroxyapatite, gelfoam and boneCalvarial critical-sized defects in rabbits, closure using wax in (Scientific Foundation), 7:347–351 allogeneic/alloplastic bone substitutes (Scientific plasmacytoma of, solitary, 3:108–112 Studies), 17:926–934 polymethylmethacrylate applied to, preventing thermalCalvarial defect tissue injury from, 7:192–195 Cortoss TM for treatment of, 19:88–95 reconstruction of of critical size, bone generation in reconstruction of, after tumor resecting using irradiated bone (Clinical 19:383–392 Note), 9:459–463 large-scale, BMP-2-based repair of (Scientific in baboons with porous hydroxyapatite, 3:149–159 Foundation), 19:1315–1322 thickness of, in Korean adults, 10:395–39920
  • 21. SUBJECT INDEXCalvarium and scalp, Aplasia cutis congenita of, (Discussion), 12:433 conservative management of (Brief Clinical Canthal fixation, microscrew anchorage techniques for, Notes), 18:427–429 2:71–72Cambodia, Khmer subpopulation of, orbital Canthopexy, medial, molded polymethylmethacrylate anthropomorphometric evaluation in (Clinical external retention bolsters for soft-tissue support Note), 19:137–147 following (Technical Strategy), 4:48–50Campus Bio-Medico (CBM) technique for nasolaryngeal Canthotomy, lateral, transconjunctival incision with, ventilation (Clinical Note), 9:383–387 anatomical position of lateral canthal liga-ment andCanaliculus, lower lacrimal, anatomy of, relative to (Scientific Foundation), 7:429–436 epicanthoplasty (Anatomic Studies), 16:949– Capillary hemangiomas, teratomas of sphenoid sinus 952 differentiated from, 2:141Cancer Capillary malformations, diagnostic and therapeutic congenital melanocytic nevus and most giant nevi, modalities for (Special Section: Vascular surgical treatment of (Special Section: Cancer), Anomalies), 17:761–766 17:1210–1215 Cap radial craniectomy, with cranioplasty, for calcified lip, tongue, and salivary glands, in Iran: analyses of cephalohematoma (Technical Strategies), 17:970– patient and tumor characteristics (Special 979 Section: Cancer), 17:1230–1233 Capsulopalpebral fascia (CPF), relationship with orbital nanotechnological application in treatment of various septum of lower eyelid (Anatomic Studies), types of (Special Editorial), 17:3–7 17:1118–1120 of nasal fossa, UICC classification and new T-staging Carbon dioxide laser, viability of ear cartilage in rabbit system for, 8:405–412 model and (Scientific Foundation), 6:147–150 of oral cavity, site-dependent survival in, 8:399–404 Carcinoma. See Cancer oropharyngeal carcinoma, treatment modalities for odontogenic, clear cell, genetic profile of (Scientific patients with (Clinical Notes), 18:133–136 Foundations), 14:356–362 of oropharynx, stage grouping of (Clinical Experience), Carcinoma 10:73–77 adenoid cystic, neurotrophic spread of, in maxillofacial of paranasal sinuses, UICC classification and new T- district, pre- and postsurgical adjuvant staging system for, 8:405–412 treatment of (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:332–334 periorbital and orbital malignancies in Iraq, management microcystic adnexal, misdiagnosis and aggressiveness of and reconstruction of (Clinical Notes), (Clinical Notes), 16:53–58 18:1370–1375 squamous cell, oral, effect of induction chemotherapy on squamous cell, of lip in young child, 7:60–63 changes of laminin and syndecan expression in,Cancer, oral, patients with, treated with microvascular prospective, randomized, clinicopathologic and transfers, speech aerodynamics and nasalance in immunohistochemical study of (Scientific (Clinical Studies), 16:990–996 Study), 16:205–212Cancer, parotid gland Carcinoma, mucoepidermoid, on upper lip vermilion stage grouping comparison in (Clinical Note), 12:141– (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:445–448 144 Cardiac arrest complicating craniofacial surgery, 8:344 surgical strategy for, based on local risk factors, 12:434– Care indicators, performance, efficiency and quality of 437 (Editorial), 17:823–824Cancer, stage I HNSSCC, clinical prognostic factors in Care, quality of benchmarks for assessment of, influence on (Clinical Note), 19:740–743 outcome (Literature Scans), 18:1504Candela tunable pulse dye laser in glomangioma Carotid artery, digital compression of (Brief Clinical Notes), management (Clinical Note), 7:145–147 16:1130–1131Canine eruption in patients with cleft lip/palate, outcome of Carotid arteries, connections between, in sellar SABG before and after (Clinical Notes), 18:1331– compartment, 6:61–62 1337 Carotid cavernous fistula (CCF), 6:55, 6:56, 6:57–60Canine, maxillary, mandibular fracture and, 3:141–144 traumatic: pathophysiology and treatment (AnatomicalCannulated pins as delivery device in distraction Studies), 14:240–246 osteogenesis, 12:19–25 Carotid-cavernous fistula, posttraumatic (Brief ClinicalCanthal advancement, bowstring, in correction of flattened Notes), 16:1130–1131 supraorbital rim in unilateral coronal synostosis Carpenter’s syndrome, 8:279, 8:282 (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:492–496 frontofacial osteotomies with distraction osteogenesisCanthal defects, medial, superthinned inferior pedicled for (Technical Strategy), 8:308–317 glabellar flap in reconstruction of (Technical Cartilage and bones, different lyophilized, implantation of, Experience), 19:500–504 for reconstruction in craniofacial surgery, long-termCanthal distance,:outer,:in Filipino children, normative data results after, 2:166A for, 12:427–432 21
  • 22. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERYCartilage, costal, solvent dehydrated, evaluation of, in Cements, calcium phosphate, bone reconstruction with rabbit model (Scientific Studies), 16:89–94 (Literature Scan), 12:102Cartilage graft, costochondral, saddle nose deformity Central giant cell granuloma of jaws, genetic profiling of treatment with, (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1179– (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:399–406 1182 Central lip flap and nasal mucosal rotation advancement,Cartilage grafts perichondrial and periosteal, as regenerators important aspects of composite correction of of new tissue (Scientific Studies), 17:1137–1143 bilateral cleft lip nose deformity and (SurgicalCartilage grafts, carbon dioxide laser and, in rabbit model Strategies), 16:255–261 (Scientific Foundation), 6:147–150 Central nervous system imaging in Crouzon’s syndromeCartilaginous graft, costal, congenital defect of nasal (Clinical Note), 6:401–404 cartilaginous septal and vomeral bone Cephalic index in evaluating early osteotomies for reconstructed with (Surgical Strategies), 16:819– scaphocephaly, 7:96–101 822 Cephalic molding at delivery, cranial vault deformity fromCartilaginous laryngeal tumors, (Brief Clinical Notes), (Clinical Report), 10:226–229 18:1184–1186 CephalocelesCartilaginous septal and vomeral bone, nasal, reconstructed classification of, 4:192–194 with costal cartilaginous graft (Surgical frontoethmoidal, transcranial and transfacial, surgical Strategies), 16:819–822 treatment of, 4:203–209Cartographic mapping of skull from computed tomography management of, 4:192–202 scans (Scientific Foundation), 5:188–194 pathology of, 4:195–196Cascade, sonic hedgehog signaling, gene expression Cephalogram tracing. See Cephalometry changes of, in mouse embryonic model of fetal Cephalohematoma, calcified: classifications, indications for alcohol syndrome (Scientific Foundations), surgery and techniques (Technical Strategies), 16:1055–1063 17:970–979Catheter, knotted urethral, in child with trigonocephaly Cephalohematoma, spontaneously infected (Clinical (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:497 Note), 11:371–375Cavernous hemangioma, of accessory parotid gland (Brief (Discussion), 11:376 Clinical Notes), 18:1493–1496 Cephalometric analysis, longitudinal, after maxillaryCavernous hemangiomas, teratomas of sphenoid sinus distraction osteogenesis (Brief Clinical Notes), differentiated from, 2:141 16:683–687Cavernous lymphangioma, surgical removal of, 11:42–45 Cephalometric analysis, longitudinal, after maxillary DOCavernous sinus, 6:55–67 (Discussion), 19:1190 malignancies of, 6:15–23 Cephalometric measurements, and anthropometric surgical approaches to, microsurgical study of, 2:53 measurements, relation between, and proportions ofCavernous sinus, foreign body in, retained (Clinical Note), face of healthy young white adult men and women 12:82–86 (Scientific Foundations), 14:154–161CDO. See Controlled depth osteotomy (CDO) (Discussion), 14:162–163Cell delivery in osseous repair, 4:128 CephalometricsCell proliferation, suture, dura mater and (Literature Scan), in Apert’s syndrome analysis, 7:23–30 10:170 backlighted digitizer in, reliability and validity of,Cellular immune system in craniofacial malformation 8:222–227 syndromes, 1:88 in evaluation coronal suture response to direct currentCell saver system, for craniosynostic correction with dual stimulation, 8:360–365 therapy, blood conservation during, 19:101–105 fetal, 2:159Cellular phone, infraorbital nerve disturbance with, after in measurement of adult face, anthropometric miniplate osteosynthesis (Clinical Note), 12:475– measurements compared with, 10:18–26 478 in posterior airway space study(Clinical Note), 10:252–Cellulose, oxidized regenerated, demineralized bone matrix 258 fenestrated with, for cranial defect repair, 5:172– Procrustes-based morphometric analysis and, 9:348–358 177 commentary on, 9:359Cement, hydroxyapatite. See Hydroxyapatite cement CephalometryCement paste, calcium phosphate, use of, for correction of 3-D: anatomic cartesian 3-D reference system (Scientific depressed nose deformity (Brief Clinical Notes), Foundation), 17:314–325 16:327–331 and intracranial capacity, relationship betweenCementoma, presentation of, 1:143 (Scientific Foundation), 17:326–330Cemento-ossifying fibroma, of ethmoidal sinus in child roentgenography and plaster casts of maxillary presenting with isolated pain in nasal region (Experimental Study), 17:70–73 (Clinical Notes), 15:215–217 Cephalometry (Scientific Foundations), 18:811–81722
  • 23. SUBJECT INDEXCephalometry, analysis of, modified lateral, reliability and Cervical spine validity of, for evaluation of craniofacial in Crouzon’s disease, 5:218–219 morphology and growth in patients with clefts in Pfeiffer’s syndrome, 7:275–279 (Scientific Foundations), 15:399–412 Cervical spondylosis management, decision process Discussion, 15:413–414 (Literature Scans), 18:989–990Cephalometry, in evaluating outcome of modified pi-plasty Cervical tumor by ectopic salivary gland (Clinical Note), for sagittal synostosis (Clinical Note), 12:218– 11:394–397 224 Cervicofacial subcutaneous emphysema, severe, associated (Discussion), 12:225–226 with Munchausen’s syndrome (Brief ClinicalCephalometry, glossary (Special Article), 19:705–712 Notes), 16:661–663Cephalometric study, 3-D, of upper airway space in skeletal Cervicotomies for head and neck tumor treatment, class II and III healthy patients, 19:1497–1507 (Surgical Techniques), 18:1101–1107Ceramic bone substitution materials in bone regeneration in Cervix, cervical spine fractures associated with maxillofacial minipig, 12:59–68 trauma (Original Article), 18:1259–1263Ceramic implant, calcium phosphate, for cranial bone defects C-Graft™ impact on bone regeneration in bone implants repair (discussion), 19:675–677 (Original Article), 18:1264–1275Cerebral abscess, by mycotic and bacterial infection in Changing failure into glory, times to remember, no regrets diabetes (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:578–583 (Editorial), 14:817–818Cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), radiosurgery Channel retractor, modified, for sagittal ramus osteotomy for (Literature Scans), 18:989 (Technical Strategy), 9:40–403Cerebral glucose metabolism, cranioplasty and (Literature Cheek Scan), 12:101 defects in, one-stage reconstruction of (Clinical Note),Cerebral glucose metabolism, single-suture 19:1508–1511 craniosynostosis and, 10:38–42 rotation and advancement flap of, in the treatment of rareCerebral herniation from lumbar cerebrospinal fluid craniofacial clefts (Brief Clinical Note), drainage, 3:147 19:1411–1415Cerebral perfusion, defects in, secondary to simple stabilizing intraoral skin graft to, eye patch sandwich craniosynostosis, 7:177–185 technique for (Technical Experience), 19:1641–Cerebral vasospasm, wartime traumatic (Literature Scan), 1642 19:542–543 Cheek augmentation, with Bio-Alcamid in facialCerebrospinal fluid (CSF) lipoatrophy in HIV seropositive patients (Clinical drainage of, lumbar, neurological deterioration after, Note), 19:1085–1088 3:145–148 Cheek zone, complete mobilization of, for orbit exenteration leak of, complicating craniofacial surgery, 8:344 (Surgical Strategies), 16:823–828 leakage, after craniofacial reconstruction (Clinical Note), Chemotherapy, induction, effect of, on changes of laminin 19:171–174 and syndecan expression in oral squamous cell spaces filled with, fronto-orbital advancement in carcinomas, prospective, randomized, unilateral coronal craniosynostosis, 7:102–106 clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical studyCerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cyst, posttraumatic, of the orbit of (Scientific Study), 16:205–212 (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:189–191 Chemotherapy for cranial base malignancies, 6:69–70, 6:72,Cerebrospinal fluid fistula (CSFF), traumatic nasoethmoidal, 6:74 experimental model of (Scientific Foundation), Chemotherapy for unresectable primary head and neck tumor, 19:441–445 12:438–443Cerebrovascular reserve capacity, cranioplasty and Cherubism genetics of (Literature Scan), 12:515 (Literature Scan), 12:101 Cherubism: clinical evidence and therapy (Clinical Note),Cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea, sphenoidal: an original 14:201–206 (Discussion), 14:207–208 surgical approach (Surgical Strategies), 15:458– Chiari I malformation and hydrocephalus in patients with 463 Crouzon’s syndrome, 2:160–161ACertification (Editorial), 11:1 Chiari malformation in craniofacial dysostosis syndromesCervical accessory auricula (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:713– (Symposium), 9:597–598 715 Childhood, odontogenic tumors in (Brief Clinical Note),Cervical collar for anterior traction of face (Technical 19:1173–1176 Strategy), 6:406–407 Child, macrostomia, congenital, in (Brief Clinical Note),Cervical fistula by ectopic salivary gland (Clinical Note), 19:1409–1410 11:394–397 Child(ren). See also Pediatric patientCervical fusions in Apert syndrome (Symposium), 9:600 bregmatic masses in, 7:204–206Cervical impalement injury (Brief Clinical Notes), 15:851– complex cranio-orbital fractures in, immediate 854 reconstruction of, 4:8–19. See also Cranio-Cervical masses, hibernoma as (Clinical Note), 12:284–286 23
  • 24. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY orbital fractures, complex, in children, immediate ten-year-old cleft, association between school reconstruction of performance, breast milk intake, and fatty acid with craniofacial anomalies, parents of, psychological profile of serum lipids in (Clinical Studies), aspects of, 2:9–16. See also Psychological 16:764–769 aspects of parents of children with craniofacial TMJ ankylosis: distraction osteogenesis for (Brief anomalies Clinical Notes), 17:605–610 with craniosynostosis, intracranial volume in, 1:1 with UCLP, craniofacial morphology of (Anatomical facial injuries in, in Tehran, 4:21–27 Study), 19:1396–1401 oblique craniofacial fractures in, 1:4 undergoing craniofacial surgery, perioperative air-way older, stress in families of children with craniofacial and ventilatory management in, clinical anomalies and, 2:15–16 outcome of (Clinical Notes), 15:655–661 young, squamous cell carcinoma of lip in, 7:60–63 undergone MTH for positional plagiocephaly, QOL andChildren parental satisfaction in, 19:56–58 with Apert, Crouzon, or Pfeiffer syndrome, prevalence of Children(s) papilledema in, 19:121–127 with cleft, surgeries for (Clinical Notes), 18:1376–1379 anaesthesia induction in, psychological evaluation of mandibular condyle with costochondral grafts (CCGs) efficiency of parents’ presence and (Literature in, reconstruction of (Brief Clinical Notes), Scan), 16:512 18:1488–1491 anterior ischemic optic neuropathy complicating cranial mixed odontogenic tumors in (Clinical Notes), 18:1338– vault reconstruction for sagittal synostosis in 1342 child (Clinical Notes), 16:559–562 normal variations of head and face by using standard bone healing in presence of implantable fixation devices measurement and craniofacial variability index in (Editorial), 19:1435–1437 (Original Articles), 18:470–474 burns in, hypertrophic scars and keloids after, Chimpanzee septopremaxillary ligament resection and prevention and management of, 19:989–1006 midfacial growth in, 1:182 with CLP, anthropometry of external ear (Anatomical Chin Study), 19:1391–1395 huge arteriovenous malformation extending from lower condition variables in, with craniofacial anomalies: a lip to, surgical treatment following, descriptive study (Clinical Notes), 15:151–156 combination of embolization, total resection, Discussion, 15:157 and double cross lip flap for (Brief Clinical with craniofacial anomalies, risk factors for visual-motor Notes), 16:443–448 integration and intelligence in (Clinical Notes), Chin augmentation with bone graft from mandibular region 16:517–525 (Clinical Note), 11:542 Ewing sarcoma of mandible in (Brief Clinical Notes), Chin bone, secondary alveolar cleft grafts using (Brief 16:1140–1145 Clinical Notes), 16:864–868 foreign body in hard palate, long-term impaction of (Brief Chin deformities (Clinical Experiences), 18:887–894 Clinical Note), 19:826–828 Chitosan, effect of, pellet on bone formation in bone defect Langerhans cell histiocytosis in, oral manifestations of and (Scientific Study), 16:213–227 (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:552–556 Chitosan microsphere-encapsulated growth hormone, bone lower-extremity burn reconstruction in, 19:976–988 regenerative effect of, on bony consolidation in management of giant congenital nevi with artificial skin mandibular distraction osteogenesis in dog model substitutes in (Special Section: Giant (Scientific Foundations), 15:299–311 Congenital Nevus), 16:904–907 Discussion, 15:312–313 and newborns, autogenous rib grafts for restoration of Chitosan scaffolds, for cartilage tissue engineering, mandibular continuity defects in (Clinical superiority in terms of maintenance of structural Notes), 17:255–260 integrity (Original Article), 18:1249–1258 with nonsyndromic OFC at preschool ages, QoL and Choanal atresia (CA), transnasal endoscopic repair of family functioning in, 19:580–587 (Clinical Note), 19:1270–1274 pindborg tumor in (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:365–368 Cholera toxin B (CTb), for evaluation of nerve regeneration plexiform neurofibroma of head and neck in, removal of (Experimental Study), 17:687–691 (Clinical Experiences), 17:506–510 Chondrocalcinosis, 10:385–388 plight of (Literature Scan), 19:292–293 Chondrocalcinosis: rare localization in TMJ (Brief Clinical speech-disordered, examination of lip area in, SEFs for, Notes), 17:1189–1192 19:1215–1220 Chondrocutaneous composite grafts, applications in with submucous cleft palate, speech in secondary cleft lip nose patients (Clinical Notes), (Correspondence), 19:869–870 17:1065–1071 TMJ ankylosis in, clinical study on (Clinical Note), Chondrocutaneous flap in external auditory canal 19:1263–1269 reconstruction, 9:228–23324
  • 25. SUBJECT INDEXChondrocyte viability, carbon dioxide laser and, in rabbit presurgical orthopedic correction and reconstruction model (Scientific Foundation), 6:147–150 with primary boneChondrodermatitis nodularis helicis (CNH), pediatric (Brief grafts/gingivoperiosteoplasty/without alveolar Clinical Notes), 18:228–231 grafting procedures, assessment of (ClinicalChondrogenic activities of prefabricated periallografts, Notes), 17:468–473 evaluation of (Original Articles), 16:1015–1022 repair, primary and revision, using octyl-2-cyanoacrylateChondromatosis (Surgical Strategies), 17:340–343 skeletal, nasal-cheek flap for (Clinical Note), 7:140–144 Cleft lips and palate (CLP) synovial, of temporomandibular joint, therapeutic bilateral cleft lip and palate (Original Articles), 18:749 planning in (Clinical Note), 7:352–357 children with, anthropometry of external ear (AnatomicalChondromyxoid fibroma (CMF) of zygoma, 3:217–222 Study), 19:1391–1395Chordoma, clival, transoral approach to, 3:35–36, 3:38 early secondary alveoloplasty in (Technical Strategy),Choriocarcinoma in maxillofacial region in multiple tumor 19:1364–1369 complex (Clinical Note), 12:464–468 maxillary advancement surgery with LeFort I osteotomyChronic expanding hematoma in temporal region (Brief (MAL) treatment outcome for, (Orthognathic Clinical Notes), 16:158–160 Surgery Continued), 18:1209–1214Chronic frontal sinusitis, upper eyelid fistula caused by optimal treatment of, references for (Experimental Study), (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:171–173 18:391–398Chronic recurrent dislocation, temporomandibular joint, outcome of SABG before and after eruption of canine in inappropriate treatments in (Brief Clinical Notes), patients with (Clinical Notes), 18:1331–1337 16:449–451 patients, maxillary advancement with internal distractionChula technique, modified, for correcting frontoethmoidal device in (Technical Experience), 18:177–185 encephalomeningocele via coronal incision patients, maxillary growth impairment in (Scientific (Original Article), 17:353–357 Foundation), 19:1302–1307Churg-strauss syndrome, differential diagnosis for EAF patients, maxillary hypoplasia in, DO for management of, (Special Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:812– 19:1119–1214 814 patients with, TGF- expression in, and role in on set ofCiprofloxacin, effect on growth inhibition of disease (Original Article), 18:1276–1280 Staphylococcus epidermidis (Scientific discussion on, 18:1281–1283 Foundations), 17:950–956 repaired, functional reconstruction of philtral ridge andCisternography, CT or MR, for traumatic CSFF (Scientific dimple in (Clinical Notes), 18:1343–1348 Foundation), 19:441–445 surgery in Ghana (Clinical Notes), 18:1376–1379Classification of digastric muscle (Special Issue: Technical technical strategies for primary palatoplasty (Technical Strategies), 15:114–117 Strategy), 19:1343–1347 system and treatment of zygomatic arch fractures in unilateral, TAN repair of (Technical Strategies), 18:186– clinical setting (Clinical Studies), 15:986–989 197Classification of hemifacial microsomia, assessment of, unilateral (UCLP), children with, craniofacial 2:114–126 morphology of (Anatomical Study), 19:1396–Clear cell odontogenic carcinoma, genetic profile of 1401 (Scientific Foundations), 14:356–362 Cleft palate. See also Cleft lipCleft, cranio-orbital, management of (Brief Clinical Note), use of decellularized dermal grafting, in oro-nasal 19:819–822 fistulas, after repair of (Clinical Notes), 17:636–Cleft jaw deformity, maxillary Le Fort I halo distraction, and 641 madibular set back for (Technical Strategies), defect, autogenous rib grafting in, maxillary growth and 17:962–969 occlusal outcome after (Experimental Study),Cleft lip 17:68–79 bilateral, reconstruction of (Clinical Notes), 17:833–836 with encephalocele, surgical correction of (Brief Clinical due to maxillary hypoplasia (Technical Strategies), Notes), 17:1004–1009 17:992–997 Cleft(s) nose deformity, applications of chondrocutaneous alveolar. See Alveolar cleft composite grafts in (Clinical Notes), 17:1065– alveolar 1071 bilateral, unrepaired, transoral maxillary distraction and palate osteogenesis of (Clinical Note), 10:369–374 bilateral, “J-hook headgear” for repositioning of secondary, percutaneous iliac bone grafting of, premaxilla in (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:1198– 2:135–138 1207 association between school performance, breast milk corrective surgery for (Clinical Notes), 17:854–863 intake, and fatty acid profile of serum lipids in in jaw deformity (Technical Strategies), 17:962–969 ten-year-old children with (Clinical Studies), 16:764–769 25
  • 26. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY bilateral (Clinical Notes), 18:857–858 and lip in adult patients, quantitative three-dimensional bilateral, nasal deformity and correction (Original assessment of soft tissue facial asymmetry of Articles), 18:753 (Clinical Notes), 14:739–746 bilateral, simultaneous pre-maxillary osteotomy and and toe malformations in child with fetal methotrexate bone grafting in (Clinical Studies), 17:291–296 exposure (Clinical Notes), 14:747–748 craniofacial. See Craniofacial cleft(s) segmental unilateral transpalatal distraction in (Surgical defects, alveolar, repair of (Clinical Experiences), Strategies), 14:786–790 18:895–901 Tessier number 4, early bone grafting in: case report deformities (Surgical Strategies), 14:406–410 congenital craniofacial, diagnosis and classification (Discussion), 14:411–412 of (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:198–201 Cleft cluster, correction of, 6:120–124 secondary, corrective surgery outcome in, Cleft grafts, secondary alveolar, using iliac bone or chin anthropometric verification of (Clinical Notes), bone (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:864–868 17:447–453 Cleft lip facial. See Face, cleft(s) of alveolar defect of maxilla in, composite bone graft for, facial, oblique, associated with unicoronal synostosis 2:27–32 (Clinical Note), 12:227–231 bilateral facial, unilateral and bilateral, functional matrix facial, #7, repair of, process-oriented (Clinical Note), 11:137– reconstruction of, with distraction-assisted in 167 situ osteogenesis (Original Articles), 16:1023– sliding sulcus technique for (Clinical Note), 11:137– 1032 167 maxillary alveolus, reconstruction of, barrier membranes, bilateral, rehabilitation of (Image from Surgery), 10:460 and guided tissue regeneration in (Technical in blepharolabioanal syndrome (Clinical Note), 6:392– Strategies), 17:1153–1160 394 median mandibular (Clinical Note), 5:333 (Clinical Note), 4:148–152 orofacial, reduced recurrence of, folic acid/multivitamins and cleft palate closure in 13 month-old female with and (Literature Scan), 7:255 epidermolysis bullosa (Brief Clinical Notes), repair of, 11:437–469 16:843–846 surgery on, craniofacial surgery and (Book Review), fetal diagnosis of: natural history and outcomes, 11:206–207 19:1195–1198 Tessier no. 2 (Clinical Note), 12:355–361 fissure of, median (Clinical Note), 6:390–391Cleft(s) alveolar, management of (Original Article), 14:840– International Symposium on Surgical Techniques in 846 (Editorial), 5:280 genetics, orofacial, recent developments in (Original maxillary distraction in, 10:117–121 Article), 14:130–143 maxillary distraction osteogenesis for, 8:181–186 lip bilateral, repair of: review, revisions, and reflections, commentary on, 10:329 14:609–620 velopharyngeal changes after, 10:312–320 defect, modified nasal alveolar molding appliance, commentary on, 10:321–322 modified, for management of, 14:700–703 median, with midline sinuses (Clinical Note), 9:366– nasal deformity, secondary unilateral: functional and 370 esthetic reconstruction (Clinical Note), minimal, process-oriented management of (Clinical Note), 14:584–593 11:270–294 and palate, incidence of, in northeast of Mexico: 10-year and palate study (Clinical Note), 14:533–537 (Book Review), 12:200 and palate in adult patients, quantitative three- in amniotic band disruption, 9:360–365 dimensional assessment of soft tissue facial bilateral asymmetry of (Clinical Notes), 14:739–746 associated with agenesis of hand and distal lip-nose, unilateral repair of: 33-year experience forearm (Clinical Note), 6:499 (Clinical Note), 14:549–558 nasal growth in, 7:290–296 surgical treatment in: long-term follow-up using rehabilitation of (Image from Surgery), 10:460 personal approach based on rose and spina (Book Report), 9:197 techniques (Surgical Strategies), 14:797–799 bilateral, limb deformities and (Clinical Note), lip/palate, in utero surgery for: minimizing “ripple 11:388–393 effect” of scarring (Scientific Foundation), International Symposium on Surgical Techniques in 14:504–511 (Editorial), 5:280 palate and lip, incidence of, in northeast of Mexico: 10- maxillary advancement in, speech changes after year study (Clinical Note), 14:533–537 commentary on, 9:183–184 (Scientific Foundation), 9:177–18226
  • 27. SUBJECT INDEX maxillary distraction osteogenesis for (Clinical arch dimensions at age 8 in (Clinical Note), 11:120–127 Experience), 10:58–67 (Scientific Foundation), 11:312–317 craniofacial form at age 8 in (Clinical maxillary distraction osteogenesis in, 10:117–121 Experience), 10:68–72 commentary on, 10:329 sliding sulcus procedure for (Clinical Note), 10:415– facial profile after (Symposium), 10:281 429 velopharyngeal changes after, 10:312–320 unilateral nasal deformity in, sliding sulcus procedure commentary on, 10:321–322 for (Clinical Note), 10:346–364 maxillary hypoplasia in, early skeletal interventions unilateral, orbicularis oris muscle arrangement in, for (Symposium), 9:297–298 11:232–235 morphology of, 11:76–82 in Williams’ syndrome (Clinical Note), 12:145–147 (Discussion of), 11:405 Cleft lip nose (Surgical Strategies), 16:95–99 pharyngoplasty in, after maxillary advancement, Cleft lip and nose, augmentation by autologous adipose 9:330–335 tissue in, final esthetic touches in clefts: part I commentary on, 9:336–337 (Technical Strategies), 15:478–481 prenatal diagnosis of (Clinical Report), 9:190–195 Discussion, 15:482 recurrent palatal fistula in, free flap closure of Cleft lip nose deformity, bilateral, composite correction of, (Clinical Note), 8:491–495, 8:496 central lip flap and nasal mucosal rotation repair of, approaches to (Clinical Note), 11:561 advancement and (Surgical Strategies), 16:255– repair of, shallow upper buccal sulcus deformity 261 secondary to, reconstruction of (Technical Cleft lip nose deformity, posterior dome graft technique for Strategies, Ideas, and Innovations), 12:490–494 (Technical Strategy), 19:1359–1363 repaired, preschoolers with, maternal discourse Cleft lip repair, oral mucosa after, for secondary correction of features used with, 2:190–192 vermilion deformities (Technical Strategy), sliding sulcus technique for, with alveolar extension 19:1370–1373 palatoplasty, 10:503 Cleft lip and palate international surgical exchange program surgically assisted orthopedic protraction of maxilla for children with, in Manaus, Brazil: patient and in, by distraction osteogenesis (Symposium), family expectations of outcome (Clinical Notes), 10:280 15:170–174 system of management of (Book Review), 2:51–52 Le Fort I in: 20 years’ experience (Clinical Notes), treatment of, excellence in (Editorial), 12:2–5 15:662–669 unilateral nasalance measures in German-speaking cleft patients primary alveolar cleft bone grafting in, 10:58– (Clinical Notes), 15:158–164 72 Discussion, 15:164 new internal Le Fort I distractor arch dimensions at age 8 in (Clinical for treatment of (Special Issue: Technical Experience), 10:58–67 Strategies), 15:124–127 craniofacial form at age 8 in (Clinical Cleft lip nasal deformity, treatment of (Special Issue: Experience), 10:68–72 Technical Strategies), 15:69–76 sliding sulcus procedure for (Clinical Note), Discussion, 15:76–77 10:415–429 Cleft lip repairs, Microform (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1106– unilateral, repair of, using lip adhesion and passive 1109 alveolar molding appliance (Clinical Note), Cleft nasal deformity, bilateral, improved nasal tip 12:148–156 projection in treatment of (Brief Clinical Notes),and palate, natal teeth as potential impediment to 16:834–839 nasoalveolar molding in infants with (Technical Cleft palate repair, in infants and children, postoperative Experience), 16:262–266 pain scores in, preoperative local ropivacainerepair of infiltration on, 19:1221–1224 immediate unrestricted feeding of infants following, Cleft palate 3:30–32 bilateral, rehabilitation of (Image from Surgery), 10:460 intrauterine, with microclip in lambs, 6:126–131 in blepharolabioanal syndrome (Clinical Note), 6:392–surgically assisted orthopedic protraction of maxilla in, 394 by distraction osteogenesis (Symposium), and cleft lip closure in 13 month-old female with 10:280 epidermolysis bullosa (Brief Clinical Notes),telephone inquiries on, to craniofacial treatment teams, 16:843–846 responses to (Correspondence), 5:143–145 cleft lip and. see Cleft lip and palateunilateral communication development and (Clinical Note), 11:66– nasal deformity with, surgical correction of, 9:20–28 70 primary alveolar cleft bone grafting in, 10:58–72 with difficult palatal fistulas, tongue flap for closure of (Technical Strategy), 4:109–111 27
  • 28. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY International Symposium on Surgical Techniques in Clivus (Editorial), 5:280 nasopharynx and, transoral approach to, using Le Fort I maxillary distraction in, 10:117–121 osteotomy with midpalatal split, 2:159 maxillary distraction osteogenesis for, 8:181–186 tumors of, transoral approach to, 3:35–38 commentary on, 10:329 Cloning (Editorial), 8:243 velopharyngeal changes after, 10:312–320 Closed reduction of fractured anterior wall of frontal bone commentary on, 10:321–322 (Technical Strategies), 16:120–122 midface deficiency in, Le Fort III osteotomy for, 5:295 Closed reduction and indirect skeletal fixation (CRISF) (Correspondence), 6:256–257 multiple mandibular fractures, management of (Technical with multiple facial clefts (Clinical Note), 4:148–152 Experiences), 18:611 Playtex Nurser modification for commentary on, 9:438– patients treated with (Technical Experiences), 18:607 439 (Technical Strategy), 9:271–274 Close-range shotgun and rifle wounds to face, management primary, unilateral, sliding sulcus procedure for (Clinical of (Clinical Notes), 16:794–804 Note), 10:415–429 Cloverleaf skull malformations repair of, immediate unrestricted feeding of infants Crouzon twins with, 2:56–62 following, 3:30–32 with extreme orbitostenosis (Clinical Note), 8:75–77 secondary, staged repair of, 6:375–381 Cocaine, soft palate necrosis and velopharyngeal speech following treatment of (Editorial), 4:122–123 insufficiency resulting from intranasal inhalation of surgery for, use of adhesives in, new flap fixation (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1482–1486 technique and (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:719– Cognitive function, recovery of, in long-term craniofacial 722 surgery, hypotensive anesthesia and (Clinical surgically assisted orthopedic protection of maxilla in, Notes), 16:531–536 by distraction osteogenesis (Symposium), Collage sponges, Bio-Oss, repair of experimental calvarial 10:280 defects in rabbit model with (Scientific telephone inquiries on, to craniofacial treatment teams, Foundation), 5:242–245 responses to (Correspondence), 5:143–145 Collagen unilateral, primary alveolar cleft bone grafting in, 10:58– allogenic type I, repair of critical size defect in rat 72 mandible using, 12:573–579 arch dimensions at age 8 in (Clinical Experience), type I, expression of, in developing coronal sutures 10:58–67 (Eighth Conference of the ISCS), 12:399–400 craniofacial form at age 8 in (Clinical Experience), Collagen implant, Helistat-activated, role of recombinant 10:68–72 human bone morphogenetic protein-2 with wide, reconstruction of, 12:561–563 (Original Articles), 16:1023–1032 (Discussion), 12:564 Collagen membrane for osseous wound coverage, 7:46–52 in Williams’ syndrome (Clinical Note), 12:145–147 Collagen production in rat sutures, dura mater andCleft sinus, median cleft lip with (Clinical Note), 9:366–370 (Literature Scan), 10:170Cleft syndrome, midline, with sphenoethmoidal Collagen scaffolding patterns, in cranial sutures, CLSM for encephalocele (Clinical Note), 2:38–41 analysis of (Scientific Foundation), 19:198–203Cleftline, of American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association, Collagen scaffolds, implanted in palatal mucosa, 19:599– 3:52 608Clefts, patients with, evaluation of craniofacial morphology Collagen sponge, Helistat absorbable (Original Articles), and growth in, reliability and validity of a modified 16:1033–1042 lateral cephalometric analysis for (Scientific Collagen sponges, intraalveolar, systemic alendronate with, Foundations), 15:399–412 on postextractive bone resorption (Clinical Note), Discussion, 15:413–414 19:1061–1066Clefts median, of upper lip: review and surgical management Collegiate football players, head impacts in of minor manifestation (Clinical Notes), 14:749– clinical measures of concussion after high-and low- 755 magnitude impacts (Literature Scan), 19:549Cleidocranial dysplasia (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1122– relationship between head impact biomechanics and 1125 acute clinical outcome after concussionCleidocranial dysplasia, facial deformities in, surgical (Literature Scan), 19:548 correction of, 6:49–54 Coloboma, goldenhar syndrome with accessory auriculaClinical practice, blame process in (Editorial), 18:1247– (Clinical Notes), 17:669–672 1248 Colorado synostosis (Symposium), 9:582–583Clinicopathologic study on effect of induction Columella defect, reconstruction necessitated by (Brief chemotherapy on changes in laminin and syndecan Clinical Notes), 16:672–674 expression in oral squamous cell carcinoma Columella reconstruction, congenital absent (Special Issue: (Scientific Study), 16:205–212 Technical Strategies), 15:60–63Clinodactyly in Crouzon’s disease, 5:22128
  • 29. SUBJECT INDEXColumella in sliding sulcus technique for bilateral cleft Composite tissue regeneration with alloplastic implants in (Clinical Note), 11:137–167 orbital floor reconstruction (ScientificColumella, transverse forked flap for 3-D reconstruction of Foundation), 5:26–33 (Surgical Strategies), 17:692–695 Composite Z plasty, for cicatricial ectropion of Tessier IIIColumellar defects, congenital and acquired, reconstruction clefts (Special Issue: Technical Strategies), 15:51– of (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1500–1503 53Combat casualties, traumatic cerebral vasospasm (Literature Computed tomographic angiography, three-dimensional, for Scan), 19:542–543 cranial base lesion diagnosis, 6:27–31Comminuted fractures Computed tomographic surgical localizer, interactive three- panfacial, treatment of, 9:514–521 dimensional, for craniofacial surgery, 2:163A realignment of maxillary and mandibular arches in, Computed tomography (CT) 10:43–44 after use of DL-polylactic acid biodegradable plates andCommissuroplasty for Macrostomia (Technical Strategies), screws in craniofacial surgery (Scientific 18:691–694 Foundation), 4:223–227Communication for assessment of calcified cephalohematomas (Technical advances in, JCS and (Editorial), 12:517–518 Strategies), 17:970–979 pollution of (Editorial), 12:103–104 in central nervous system imaging in Crouzon’sCommunication, of infraorbital nerve and facial nerve: syndrome (Clinical Note), 6:401–404 anatomic and histologic study (Special Issue: chronic expanding temporal hematoma, diagnosis of Technical Strategies), 15:88–91 (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:567–570Communication, scientific, future of (Editorial), 9:308 cisternography, for traumatic CSFF (ScientificComplete simultaneous facial analgesia (CSFA), lidocaine Foundation), 19:441–445 for, safe dosages of (Clinical Note), 5:124–126 for classification of nasal bone fractures (Clinical Notes),Complex facial fractures, modern surgical treatment of (Brief 17:261–264 Clinical Notes), 16:727–731 coronal, for prediction of enopthalmos in orbital floorComplex Orbital Fractures, late reconstruction using fractures (Clinical Notes), 18:127–132 computer-aided design and computer-aided cranial-orbital-zygomatic measurements based on manufacturing technique (Technical Strategies), (Symposium), 9:576 18:665–673 craniofacial skeletal measurements based on, 3:182Complex osteotomies, surgical correction of orbital and 3-D (3-D CT) periorbital deformities using, in both orbital rim for accurate craniofacial measurements, comparison and wall (Technical Strategies), 16:144–149 with stereolithographic models, 19:22–26Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS II) for cephalometric study of upper airway space in to influence eventual pain syndrome severity (Literature skeletal class II and III healthy patients, 19:1497– Scans), 18:990 1507 low response rates of (Literature Scans), 18:991 images with ‘‘biporion-dorsum sellae’ ’ plane, useComplications in measuring and monitoring of monobloc DO, of bicortical screw fixation observed in 482 mandibular comparison of measurements before and after sagittal osteotomies (Special Issue: Technical distraction, 19:369–376 Strategies), 15:64–68 in management of rare cranio-orbital cleft (Brief intra-and perioperative, of Le Fort I osteotomy: Clinical Note), 19:819–822 prospective evaluation of 1000 patients for study of hyoid bone abnormalities in Pierre Robin (Outcome Studies), 15:971–977 patients (Anatomical Study), 19:259–263 Discussion, 15:978–979 data from, producing full-scale model from (Discussion),Complications of weapon injuries to craniofacial skeleton 12:96 (Clinical Note), 9:378–379, 9:381 data from, producing full-scale model from, with rapidComposite correction of bilateral cleft lip nose deformity, prototyping technique (Scientific Foundation), central lip flap and nasal mucosal rotation 11:526 advancement and (Surgical Strategies), 16:255– in determining size and shape of craniofacial skeleton 261 (Clinical Note), 12:87–94Composite graft, free, in skull base defect reconstruction in diagnosis of synovial chondromatosis of TMJ (Brief (Clinical Note), 9:76–78 Clinical Notes), 18:1486–1488Composite mandibular reconstruction with free fibula bone in evaluation of hemifacial microsomia, 12:31–40 graft, virtual planning of (Brief Clinical Notes), in evaluating intracranial volume in craniosynostotic 16:1137–1139 rabbits, 9:234–238Composite radial forearm plamaris longus flap (CRFPL), in follow-up of biodegradable and titanium plating in lower lip defect with, reconstruction of (Brief experimental craniotomies, 8:446–451, 8:452 Clinical Notes), 18:237–241 helical, identification of mandible fractures by (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:394–398 29
  • 30. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY 3-D imaging, in study of noncomminuted zygomatic three-dimensional, with ‘biporion-dorsum sellae’ plane, fractures (Clinical Notes), 18:67–73 measurement and monitoring of monobloc intracranial volume determined by, normal (Scientific distraction osteogenesis using, precision and Foundation), 11:211–223 reproducibility of (Brief Clinical Notes), intracranial volume in infants with deformational 16:430–434 plagiocephaly assessed by, 9:493–503 three-dimensional, in craniofacial surgery, protocol for in maxillofacial fixation with absorbable miniplate (Clinical Note), 12:136–140 follow-up, 8:135–140 Computer-assisted surgery (CAS), for orbitozygomatic micro fractures (Clinical Notes), 17:837–842 evaluation of glenoid fossa and mandibular condyle Computer-based craniofacial three-dimensional imaging and bone after mandibular ramus distraction (Errata, analysis system, 8:333–339 Scientific Foundation), 17:611–619 Computer graphics in facial deformity analysis (Clinical and histomorphometry, for assessment of bone Note), 12:167–174 formation in calvarial experimental model, Computer-aided design (CAD) planning for correlation between (Scientific Foundation), craniosynostosis surgery, 12:547–553 19:446–452 Computer-aided design, of large-format prefabricated cranial and scanning electron microscope (SEM) evaluation plates (Original Article), 14:819–832 of cranial sutures, in health and disease (Scientific Computer-assisted design and clinical application of custom Studies), 17:909–919 intraorbital bone expander, 2:160A scan of distraction regenerates area/BMP-injection Computerized modeling for cranial and facial deformity sides, to study the effects of rhBMP-2 on reconstruction (Technical Strategy), 9:548–556 mandibular distraction (Scientific Foundation), Conchal type microtia, mild cases of, auricular recon- 17:101–106 struction in (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1115–1119 metopic suture closure evaluated by, 12:527–532 Concomitant fractures, in nose, maxilla, zygoma, ethmoid, micro, in membranous bone evaluation, 9:48–54 and orbit (Clinical Notes), 18:834 multislice angiography (MCTA), before free flap surgery Concordant contralateral lambdoidal synostosis in (Original Article), 18:1284–1289 dizygotic twins (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:435– in orbital fracture management (Scientific Foundation), 438 7:449–459 Concurrent correction of multiple secondary clefting orbital, for preoperative diagnosis of posttraumatic CSF deformities, 6:120–124 cyst of orbit (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:189–191 Concussion plate and screw fixation and, 6:477 athletic: current understanding as of 2007 (Literature research on, 3:4 Scan), 19:549–550 scanning protocol, for surgical planning (Technical in professional football: biomechanics of struck player Strategies), 18:656–657 (Literature Scan), 19:550 single positron emission, brain, for cerebral perfusion Condylar displacement in orthognathic surgery (Clinical defects in simple craniosynostosis, 7:177–185 Note), 2:146–147 spiral, multidetector, imaging of porous polyethylene Condylar fracture, dislocation of mandibular condyle into implant by (Clinical Note), 19:156–158 middle cranial fossa, condylectomy and in studying anatomical variations of maxillary sinus and transposition of temporal muscle flap for (Brief accompanying structures (Clinical Note), Clinical Notes), 17:590–594 19:159–164 Condylar fracture, high, miniplate fixation of, and for surgically assisted RME in midpalatal suture, postoperative exercise regimen (Technical transverse effects after (Clinical Note), 19:433– Strategies), 16:113–116 438 Condylar hyperplasia, resulting in facial asymmetry and three-dimensional (3D) functional problems at puberty, 19:406–410 in craniomaxillofacial surgery, 5:282 Conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, trauma caused by, in cranio-orbital foreign body assessment, 7:224– reflections on (Special Editorial), 19:297–299 227 Confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM), for analysis of in diagnosis and treatment of cranio-orbital foreign collagen scaffolding patterns in cranial sutures body (Clinical Note), 7:311–314 (Scientific Foundation), 19:198–203 in fetal cranial morphology (Literature Scan), 9:302 Condylar process, endoscopic assistance in removal of for observation of posttraumatic foreign body in facial foreign body in (Special Issue: Technical (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:191–194 Strategies), 15:98–101 reconstructions to quantify skeletal deformities in Condylar replacement in temporomandibular joint craniofacial malformations (Clinical Notes), reconstruction, 3:160–169 17:1035–1039 Condyle use in study of Mandibular alveolar distraction fractures of, during growth (Clinical Note), 10:87–92 osteogenesis (Clinical Studies), 17:492–49630
  • 31. SUBJECT INDEX mandibular, reconstruction of, using transport Internet and, evaluation of available web-based distraction osteogenesis, 8:48–53 resources and (Special Section: Giant fractures of, intracapsular: diagnosis, treatment, and Congenital Nevus), 16:894–896 anatomical and pathological evaluations potential for development of malignant melanoma with (Clinical Notes), 14:184–191 (Special Section: Giant Congenital Nevus), reconstruction of, transport distraction and 16:871–873 (Symposium), 10:271–272 Congenital melanocytic nevusCondyle, mandibular developing into neurocutaneous melanosis (Special bifid (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:1207–1209 Section: Cancer), 17:1216–1218 effects of distraction osteogenesis on (Errata, Scientific and most giant nevi, surgical treatment of (Special Foundation), 17:611–619 Section: Cancer), 17:1210–1215Condylectomy for condylar fractures during growth Congenital melanosis (Special Section: Giant Congenital (Clinical Note), 10:87–92 Nevus), 16:940–944Condylectomy, fracture of temporal bone and intratemporal Congenital midline upper lip sinus (Special Section: facial paralysis as complication of (Brief Clinical Vascular Anomalies), 17:810–811 Notes), 16:185–189 Congenital nasal pyriform aperture stenosis, anatomicalCondylectomy, posttraumatic bilateral, of mandible in adult consideration of: localized dysostosis without patient, orthodontic-surgical treatment interorbital hypoplasia (Anatomic Studies), after (Clinical Notes), 14:55–62 15:490–496Condyles, fractures of, in children, nonsurgical management Congenital nevi of (Literature Scan), 12:100 giant, management of, with artificial skin substitutes inCongenital absent columella, reconstruction of (Special children (Special Section: Giant Congenital Issue: Technical Strategies), 15:60–63 Nevus), 16:904–907Congenital anomalies. See Anomaly(ies) multiple, parietal Indiana University’s approach to treatment of (Special bone agenesis and associated (Clinical Note), Section: Giant Congenital Nevus), 16:915–920 14:192–196 laser treatment of (Special Section: Giant CongenitalCongenital bony syngnathia, complete (Clinical Note), Nevus), 16:908–914 11:398–404 melanocytic. See Congenital melanocytic neviCongenital craniofacial cleft deformities, diagnosis and Congenital smooth muscle hamartoma, differentiation of, from classification of (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:198–201 melanocytic nevi (Special Section: GiantCongenital craniofacial deformities, supraorbital bar Congenital Nevus), 16:926–929 advancement in, 10:198–200 Congenital trismus from masseteric fibrous bands (ClinicalCongenital defect of nasal cartilaginous septal and vomeral Note), 10:375–379 bone reconstructed with costal cartilaginous graft Congenital trismus, secondary to masseteric fibrous bands: (Surgical Strategies), 16:819–822 7-year follow-up report as approach to managementCongenital epulis (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:161–163 (Original Article), 15:709–713Congenital facial nevi, treatment of (Special Section: Giant Congenital vascular disorders, and SWS review of (Special Congenital Nevus), 16:897–903 Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:724–728Congenital fibrosis, of extraocular muscles, associated with Congenital vascular malformation, sinus pericraniias, 9:3–9 palpebral ptosis (Clinical Notes), 17:246–254 Conidiobolus, Nasofacial phycomycosis by (Brief ClinicalCongenital fusion of maxilla and mandible (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:448–450 Notes), 16:287–290 Conjoint fascial sheath (CFS), of levator, and superior rectusCongenital hemangioma, clinical management of (Special attached to conjunctival fornix (Anatomical Study), Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:767–771 19:241–245Congenital infiltrating lipomatosis of face (Clinical Note), Conjoint flap containing xenogenic tissues, prefabrication 10:365–368 of (Scientific Foundation), 18:1451–1456Congenital intermaxillary fusion, Tessier type VI-VII cleft Conjunctival fornix, superior rectus attached to, and CFS of combination and anophthalmia associated with, levator (Anatomical Study), 19:241–245 8:54–57 Conjunctival graft, of minor salivary gland: surgicalCongenital lip pits and Van der Woude syndrome (Special treatment of dry eye syndrome (Special Issue: Section: Giant Congenital Nevus), 16:930–932 Technical Strategies), 15:6–10Congenital mandibular hypoplasia (Brief Clinical Notes), Consent, informed, ethics and (Special Editorial), 11:3–4 16:291–300 ConsolidationCongenital melanocytic nevi, dermoscopy for, 14:661–665 in mandibular distraction osteogenesis of dog model,Congenital melanocytic nevi (Clinical Note), 14:876–879 bone regenerative effect of growth hormone onCongenital melanocytic nevi (Original Articles), 14:417–425 giant, of trunk, algorithm for treatment of (Special in mandibular osteotomy healing, 12:444–450 Section: Giant Congenital Nevus), 16:886–893 in rat mandibular distraction osteogenesis (Scientific Foundation), 12:175–182 31
  • 32. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERYConsolidation after distraction osteogenesis, determining transplanted fetal and neonatal rat, absence of periosteum optimal time for, 11:430–436 and (Scientific Foundation), 5:327Contamination, superficial, bacterial exposure required to in trigonocephaly (Correspondence), 2:54 induce rabbit calvarial bone graft infection by histologic evaluation of, 1:15 (Scientific Foundation), 5:247–253 Coronal suturectomy in craniosynostosis, increasedContinuous bone distraction in minipig model (Literature intracranial pressure after, 10:104–109 Scan), 12:101 Coronal sutures, developing, fibroblast growth factors andContour deformity, occurs after fronto-orbital advancement (Eighth Conference of the ISCS), 12:399–400 for craniosynostosis (Technical Strategies), Coronal synostosis 17:980–985 bilateral, 10:144–145Contracted eye socket, enucleated, post-traumatic treatment of, in infancy, holistic approach to, 2:109 reconstruction of (Clinical Notes), 17:224–230 nonsyndromic, craniofacial surgery for, critical analysisContralateral lambdoidal synostosis, concordant, in of results of, 6:32–39 dizygotic twins (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:435– ultrasonic prenatal diagnosis of, 8:252–261 438 unilateral, 10:143Contralateral total steal (Brief Cllnical Notes), 16:1130– commentary on, 10:472 1131 internal forehead distraction for, 10:467Controlled depth osteotomy (CDO), refinements in (Surgical maxillary deformation in, 1:73 Techniques and Equipment), 11:62–64 vs bilateral correction of, 7:284–289Controversial environment, adverse effects in (Editorial), Coronal synostosis, isolated bilateral: early treatment by 18:463–464 peri-fronto-orbital craniectomy, 19:40–44Conventional fronto-orbital advancement, additional Coronal synostosis, unilateral, bowstring canthal distraction osteogenesis after (Surgical Strategies), advancement in correction of flattened supraorbital 16:1064–1069 rim in (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:492–496Copolymers in operating room (Editorial), 12:407–408 Coronoid fracture(s)Coral granules in craniofacial skeleton, 5:213–216 classification of, 3:228–229Cornea, ulcers of, in Apert syndrome (Clinical Note), mandibular, displaced, rigid internal fixation of, 3:223– 12:134–135 226Coronal craniosynostosis, acquired unilateral, after surgical Coronoid process(es) interventions for birth-related intracranial injuries hypertrophy of, in Moebius syndrome (Clinical Note), (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:561–566 10:93–95Coronal craniosynostosis, apparent ‘nonsyndromic,’ maxillofacial localization of scleroderma involving increased risk of reoperation in, from FGFR3 (Clinical Note), 9:472–476 P250R mutation (Anatomic Studies), 16:347–354 Coronoid processes, bilateral hyperplasia of (Brief ClinicalCoronal craniostenosis, frontal bone advancement and Notes), 16:723–726 compensatory craniofacial growth changes in, Corporate mergers (Editorial), 9:489–490 2:86–94 Correspondence (To the Editor), 16:945Coronal craniosynostosis, repair of, frontal bone Cortical allograft bone, human, composition of, derived from advancement stability with or without microplate FDA/AATB-screened donors (Scientific Studies), fixation in, 2:22–26 16:579–585Coronal flap elevation (Errata) extended, temporal contour deformity following, Discussion, 17:205–206 anatomical study on, 2:163A Corticosteroids, high-dose, for orbital pseudotumor (OPT) temporal contour deformity after, 5:223–227 treatment, (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1148–1152Coronal suture(s) Cortoss TM, for treatment of calvarial defects, 19:88–95 direct current stimulation of, in rabbits, 8:360–365 Cost analysis comparative, distraction osteogenesis and, 10:27–37 of maxillofacial trauma in Australia (Clinical Notes), embryogenesis of, apoptotic cell death during, 8:441– 15:686–691 445 of isolated facial fractures (Clinical Notes), 15:636–641 fusion of, in vitro, in rat, iron-induced, redox regulation Discussion, 15:642 in, 8:262–272 Cost of fixation materials in malar fraction management, immobilization of, experimental 10:193–197 frontal bone advancement and compensatory Costal cartilage graft, reconstruction of saddle nose craniofacial growth changes in rabbits with, deformity with three-dimensional (Original 2:86–94 Articles), 18:511–515 internal calvarial bone distraction in rabbits with Costal cartilage grafts, for treatment of late posttraumatic (Scientific Foundation), 5:318 enophthalmos (Clinical Notes), 17:673–679 synostosis of, ultrasonic prenatal diagnosis of, 8:252– Costal cartilage, solvent dehydrated, evaluation of, in rabbit 261 model (Scientific Studies), 16:89–9432
  • 33. SUBJECT INDEXCostal cartilaginous graft, congenital defect of nasal Cranial bone cartilaginous septal and vomeral bone defect(s) of reconstructed with (Surgical Strategies), 16:819– growing skull fracture and, 6:103–112 822 reconstruction of, with hydroxyapatite and free flapCostochondral graft transfer (Clinical Note), 8:141–145 for mandibular condyle in nongrowing primate resorbable membranes to promote bony fill of, 8:127– (Scientific Foundation), 6:227–237 128 placement of, technique for (Technical Strategy), 5:340 expansion of (Technical Strategy), 7:151–155Costochondral graft, overgrowth of, in nasal reconstruction grafting of, for orbital reconstruction (Brief Clinical (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:736–740 Notes), 16:181–184Costochondral graft, in infancy: a 10-year follow-up grafts of (Clinical Notes), 15:255–259 for complex cranio-orbital fractures, 4:9, 4:19 Discussion, 15:260 controlled bending of (Literature Scan), 7:255Costochondral graft, mandibular, distraction lengthening of, harvesting, quick, 3:41–45 11:350–353 iliac bone graft vs, in facial skeleton, 6:113–119Costochondral graft for melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of for mandibular reconstruction, osseointegrated infancy (Clinical Note), 12:349–354 implants for (Technical Strategy), 4:51–57Costochondral grafts (CCGs), overgrowth in TMJ ankylosis split, in repair of skull defect, 3:230–235 (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1488–1491 vascularizedCostochondral neomandible, distraction osteogenesis of, long-term results of (Scientific Foundation), fibrous ankylosis after (Clinical Note), 12:469– 5:237–241 474 for mandibular and maxillary reconstruction,Costochondral rib grafting in temporomandibular joint 3:183 reconstruction, 4:29 rabbit, self-reinforced polyactide/polyglycolide 80/20Cox analysis of survival with stage grouping of screw resorption in (Literature Scan), 16:339 oropharyngeal cancer (Clinical Experience), Cranial bone defects, cranioplasty of (Clinical Notes), 10:73–77 17:1076–1079Costochondral neomandible, distraction osteogenesis of, Cranial bone defects fibrous ankylosis after (Clinical Note), 12:469– reconstruction using Mimix and absorbable plates 474 (Scientific Foundation), 19:1131–1135Counterpositioning, active, for positional plagiocephaly, repair with calcium phosphate ceramic implant or 12:308–313 autogenous bone graft (discussion), 19:675–Couples, understanding genetics for (Book Review), 16:946 677Cox regression analysis of cancer survival rates Cranial bone dust in full-thickness skull defect in nasal fossa and paranasal sinus malignancies, 8:405– reconstruction, comparison of inorganic bovine 412 bone particles with, 3:25–29 in oral cavity, site-dependent, 8:399–404 Cranial bone grafting for orbital reconstruction (BriefCPPD. See Calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD) Clinical Notes), 16:181–184 deposition disease Cranial contouring, fate of hydroxyapatite cement used for:Craig bone biopsy needle for percutaneous iliac bone histological evaluation of a case (Clinical Notes), grafting of secondary alveolar clefts, 2:135, 2:137 15:243–246Cranial aspects of Apert syndrome, unusual (Literature Cranial decompression, high prevalence of papilledema, in Scan), 6:425 patients with Apert, Crouzon, and PfeifferCranial autograft expansion (Technical Strategy), 19:1628– syndrome before, 19:121–127 1630 Cranial defect, cranioplasty at an early stage afterCranial base angulation, in orthodontic treatment, 19:334– decompressive craniectomy performed for severe 338 head trauma (Original Articles), 18:526–532Cranial base, anterior, tumors of, application of supraorbital Cranial defects, in NIS rats, reconstruction with hDPSC endoscopic approach to (Surgical Strategies), (Scientific Foundation), 19:204–210 16:1070–1075 Cranial defects, PLDLA to evaluate healing of (ScientificCranial base angle in Crouzon patients (Scientific Foundations), 17:935–942 Foundation), 7:69–70 Cranial deformation practices in the New World (LiteratureCranial base growth plates, expansion of, hyaluron in Scan), 19:292 (Literature Scan), 12:515 Cranial deformityCranial base reference, in cephalometric studies, protocol for simple method for measuring, validation of, 19:15–21 (Technical Strategies), 19:211–215 ventricular shunt-induced, spring-assisted remodelingCranial base surgery, for reconstruction of skull base defect for, 19:588–592 (Special Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:790– Cranial deformity, clinical classification of (Original 796 Articles), 15:368–372 33
  • 34. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERYCranial distraction, treatment of unilateral lambdoid rat, gene expression profiling in (Experimental Design), synostosis with (Surgical Strategies), 15:609–613 16:378–390Cranial distraction for plagiocephaly, quantitative reconstruction, in pediatric patients with nonsyndromic morphologic analyses of cranium using three- craniosynostosis, resorbable rivet system for dimensional computed tomography and life-size (Clinical Notes), 17:11–14 model (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:688–692 remodelingCranial fossa, anterior, encephaloceles of (Literature Scan), in patient with holoprosencephaly and cleft (Brief 7:488 Clinical Notes), 17:707–713Cranial growth, after DO of craniosynostosis, 19:45–55 using resorbable plating system (Brief ClinicalCranial implant-based prosthetic reconstruction, experience Notes), 17:197–198 with (Clinical Notes), 17:889–897 reshaping, total, for treatment of macrocephaly (ClinicalCranial Index in evaluating positional plagiocephaly Notes), 17:645–655 treatment, 12:308–313 role in topographic organization of skull profile inCranial molding, pneumatic orthotic cranial molding helmet normal population, 19:27–36 therapy for positional plagiocephaly (Original Cranial vault Article), 17:139–144 bone of, remodeling techniques for, 1:147Cranial molding for positional plagiocephaly (Technical deformity of Strategy), 11:177–183 in craniosynostosis, distraction for (Symposium),Cranial orbital resection of anterior cranial base tumors 10:282 (Technical Strategy), 6:75–79 intracranial hypertension and, from cephalic moldingCranial osteonecrosis, roles of periosteum, dura, and at delivery (Clinical Report), 10:226–229 adjacent bone on healing of (Scientific endoscopic procedures on (Symposium), 9:286–287 Foundations), 14:371–379 expansion of (Discussion), 14:380–382 for intracranial pressure increases, surgical tech-Cranial osteotomies with high-speed drill, bone formation niques of (Technical Strategy), 4:167–173 after, analysis of, 8:466–470 (Literature Scan), 10:169Cranial periosteum, osteogenic capacities of (Scientific expansion of, for scaphocephaly (Clinical Review), Foundation), 19:453–458 11:172–176Cranial plates, prefabricated, large-format, computer-aided experimental expansion of maxillary sinus and, 5:11–15 design of (Original Article), 14:819–832 fronto-parieto-squamosal suture fusion and (ScientificCranial reconstruction, and preoperative planning in Foundation), 7:122–129 neurosurgery, application of rapid prototyping growth of, guided tissue regeneration and (Clinical techniques in (Clinical Note), 14:899–914 Note), 11:552Cranial remodeling, treatment of nonsyndromic bilateral reconstruction of, bone/bone substitutes for coronal synostosis using a multiple bone flap (Symposium), 7:482–483 rotation-reposition technique (Surgical Strategies), remodeling of, in growing child, temporal hollowing 15:603–608 following, hydroxyapatite cement pasteCranial remolding orthosis, for infant head shape changes in cranioplasty for (Clinical Note), 8:506–511 DP, use of noninvasive laser shape digitizer Cranial Vault Asymmetry Index in evaluating positional (Clinical Notes), 17:1084–1091 plagiocephaly treatment, 12:308–313Cranial reossification after surgical craniectomy, prevention Cranial vault asymmetry (CVA) measurements for of, 3:170–172 quantification of positional plagiocephalyCranial suture autotransplantation (Clinical Notes), 17:413–419 commentary on, 9:440 Cranial vault distraction osteogenesis, gradual, for treatment (Scientific Foundation), 9:404–409 of craniofacial synostosis, complicationsCranial sutures. See Suture(s) associated with (Clinical Note), 14:526–528 scanning electron microscope and micro-CT evaluation large osteomas of, 14:97–100 of (Scientific Studies), 17:909–919 reconstruction of, long-spanning resorbable plates in synostosed postnatal human, nanostructural and (Innovations and Techniques), 14:89–91 nanomechanical properties of (Scientific Cranial vault, distraction osteogenesis of, for treatment of Foundation), 17:91–97 craniofacial synostosis (Clinical Notes), 15:135– ultrasound analyses of (Original Articles), 17:623–625 144Cranial suture Cranial vault irregularities, contouring of, with critical-sized, repair using allogeneic/alloplastic bone hydroxyapatite cement (Brief Clinical Notes), substitutes (Scientific Studies), 17:926–934 16:457–460 fusing mouse, detection of apoptosis in, versus Cranial vault, loss of substance from: alternative technique nonfusing mouse cranial sutures (Basic in reconstructive surgery (Correspondence), Research), 16:572–578 19:558–55934
  • 35. SUBJECT INDEXCranial vault reconstruction, anterior ischemic optic effects of, on maternal functioning postinfancy, 2:195 neuropathy complicating, for sagittal synostosis in frontoethmoidal encephalomeningocele as, 2:127–134 child (Clinical Notes), 16:559–562 information resources on (Point of View), 2:156Cranial vault remodeling (Technical Experiences), 18:927 managed care and treatment of (Editorial), 6:4Cranial vault remodeling (Brief Clinical Note), 19:1180– in neurofibromatosis (Clinical Note), 9:529–535 1182 orbital surgery in, 7:207–223Cranial vault remodeling, posterior, extradural tension parents of children with, psychological aspects of, 2:9– pneumocephalus after (Brief Clinical Notes), 16. See also Psychological aspects of parents of 16:504–507 children with craniofacial anomalies prenatalCranial-orbital reconstruction, brain decompressionin diagnosis of (Clinical Report), 9:190–195 (Symposium), 9:592–594 rigid fixation for, alternative techniques in (ScientificCraniectomy Foundation), 9:249–253 endoscopic, for sagittal craniosynostosis correction scoring system for, 7:336–339 (Literature Scan), 9:411–412 three-dimensional analysis of, 1:119 regional, for growing skull fractures, 9:65–73 thymus and cellular immune system involvement in, 1:88 for sagittal craniosynostosis, 6:98–102 in Treacher-Collins syndrome in twins after artificial subtotal, for craniosynostosis, regeneration of insemination and (Clinical Note), 5:127–129 calvarial deformity following, 4:85–89 Craniofacial anomaly, effects of child with, on stability of surgical cranial reossification after, prevention of, parental relationship, 14:704–708 3:170–172 Craniofacial applications, of three-dimensional laser surfaceCraniectomy, peri-fronto-orbital, for early treatment of scanning (Original Articles), 14:449–456 isolated bilateral coronal synostosis, 19:40–44 Craniofacial area, porous polymethylmethacrylate as boneCraniocerebral gunshot wounds, penetrating civilian substitute in (Clinical Notes), 14:63–68 (Literature Scan), 19:543 (Discussion), 14:596–598Craniofacial abnormalities, mandibulofacial dysostosis as, Craniofacial asymmetry surgery for, 7:280–283 dynamic orthotic cranioplasty for, 9:11–19Craniofacial abnormalities, in a murine knock-out model of (Literature Scan), 7:254 mucopolysaccharidosis I H: craniofacial Craniofacial augmentation, onlay periosteum in (Scientific abnormalities in: a computed tomography and Foundation), 9:260–266 anatomic study (Scientific Foundations), 15:392– Craniofacial bone growth 398 radioprotection of (Original Articles), 18:995–999Craniofacial alterations in adult rats prenatally exposed to radiotherapy-induced inhibition, in pediatric head and ethanol, 3:181–182 neck cancers, (Scientific Foundations),Craniofacial anatomy, cartographic mapping of, from 18:1044–1045 computed tomography scans (Scientific radiotherapy-induced inhibition, in pediatric patients Foundation), 5:188–194 (Original Articles), 18:1001–1006Craniofacial and oral manifestations of fetal alcohol Craniofacial bone replacement, accuracy of syndrome, 2:157 stereolithography in planning (ScientificCraniofacial anomalies Foundations), 14:164–170 blood loss and transfusion rates during repair of(Clinical (Discussion), 14:934–935 Notes), 16:59–62 Craniofacial cleft deformities, congenital, diagnosis and of cultured mouse embryo induced by inhibition of sonic classification of (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:198–201 hedgehog signaling, animal model of Craniofacial cleft(s) holoprosencephaly (Scientific Studies), 16:80– bilateral Tessier No. 9 (Clinical Note), 10:523 88 medial, surgical planning and correction of (Clinical risk factors for visual-motor integration and intelligence Note), 8:318–321 in children with (Clinical Notes), 16:517–525 meningoencephaloceles associated with, 4:210–214 in twins at Tygerberg Hospital, Craniofacial Unit (Brief rare, 7:408–411 Clinical Notes), 16:169–170 principles of management of, 2:161ACraniofacial anomalies, children with, condition variables a surgical classification, 19:110–112 in: a descriptive study (Clinical Notes), 15:151– soft-tissue expansion in management of, 3:121 156 treatment of (Brief Clinical Note), 19:1411–1415 Discussion, 15:157 soft-tissue expansion in management of, 3:46Craniofacial anomalies/deformities sutural dystopia and, 2:82–85 cartographic mapping of, from computed tomography Craniofacial clefts, Tessier’s classification of (Brief Clinical scans (Scientific Foundation), 5:188–194 Notes), 18:705 congenital, in blepharolabioanal syndrome (Clinical Craniofacial clinic, adopted child management in, 6:143– Note), 6:392–394 146 in Crouzon twins with cloverleaf skull, 2:56–62 Craniofacial deformity(ies) 35
  • 36. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY complex congenital, incisor war and (Editorial), 14:129 Craniofacial form following alveolar cleft grafting in frontoethmoidal encephalocele as, surgical treatment of, unilateral cleft lip and palate (Clinical Experience), 11:342–345 10:68–72 limb deformities and (Clinical Note), 11:388–393 Craniofacial genetics, recent advances in (Guest Editorial), in oculo-auriculo-vertebral syndrome (Clinical Note), 6:440 11:546 Craniofacial glossary (Special Article), 19:705–712 oropharyngeal cavity teratoma and (Clinical Note), Craniofacial growth 11:106–112 after complex cranio-orbital fractures, 4:10, 4:19Craniofacial disorders changes in, compensatory, frontal bone advancement and, TCS, new grading system for patients with (Clinical in rabbits with experimental coronal suture Notes), 18:113–119 immobilization, 2:86–94Craniofacial disorders, biological predeterminism and effects of resorbable fixation of, 5:110–115 (Editorial), 6:263 fetalCraniofacial distraction, internal, with biodegradable in Down’s syndrome, log-linear allometry of, 6:184– devices (Clinical Note), 11:354–366 189Craniofacial distraction, temporal articular tubercle as normal, log-linear allometry of, 6:190–194 support of (Technical Strategy), 9:267–270 following rigid fixation (Scientific Foundation), 4:234–Craniofacial distraction osteogenesis (Symposium), 244 10:268–282 regulation of, pressure in, 5:2–10Craniofacial dysmorphism without scalp defect rigid fixation and, in rhesus monkey, 6:459 (Clinical Report), 8:146–150 Craniofacial imaging, effects of skeletal fixation in, 4:67–73Craniofacial dysmorphology Craniofacial implants, osseointegrated, in facial growth and prediction of surgical outcome and, 6:270– rehabilitation (Technical Strategy), 9:388–393 280 Craniofacial infections, postoperative (Clinical Experience), in Proteus syndrome (Clinical Note), 6:151–159 12:362–368Craniofacial dysostoses, osteodistraction technique for Craniofacial injuries, in amateur soccer (Clinical studies), treatment of mid-face retrusions (Original Articles), 17:825–827 17:536–543 Craniofacial locations, keloids and hypertrophic scars in,Craniofacial dysostosis (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1165–1168 Chiari malformation in (Symposium), 9:597–598 Craniofacial malformations congenital, assessment of in Crouzon’s syndrome, 8:11–13 surgical outcome in (Clinical Notes), 18:120–126 first stage brain decompression in cranial-orbital Craniofacial malformations, new method for assessment of reconstruction for (Symposium), 9:592–594 (Clinical Notes), 17:1035–1039 frontofacial advancement with free flap in (Clinical Note), Craniofacial maxillofacial fixation, atlas of (Book Review), 2:33–37 7:322 midface deformity and, management of (Symposium), Craniofacial measurements, accuracy of: CT, 3-D CT 9:594–597 compared with stereolithographic models, 19:22– monobloc and facial bipartition osteotomies for 26 (Technical Strategy), 7:229–251 Craniofacial meningiomas, treatment of, 1:196 nonsyndromic, craniofacial surgery for, critical analysis Craniofacial meshes and plates, experimental study of heat of results of, 6:32–39 adaptation of bioabsorbable (Scientific (Symposium), 9:592–600 Foundation), 18:540–545 treatment of midface deformity in (Symposium), 9:295– Craniofacial microsomia, bidirectional callus distraction for, 297 7:258–266Craniofacial dysplasia, rigid external distraction of midface Craniofacial onlay bone graft survival, effects of nerve with direct wiring of distraction unit in patients growth factor on, 2:174–180 with (Surgical Strategies), 14:783–785 Craniofacial osseointegration (Invited Editorial), 8:246–Craniofacial equivalents of growing skull fractures, 6:103– 251 112 Craniofacial osteolysis, massive (Clinical Note), 6:332–336Craniofacial fibrous dysplasia, monostotic: Turkish Craniofacial osteomyelitis, multimodality imaging for experience (Clinical Experience), 17:62–67 precise localization of (Innovations andCraniofacial fibrous dysplasia (CFD), of orbit, 19:1532– Techniques), 14:215–219 1537 Craniofacial problems, complex, analysis and treatmentCraniofacial fixation (Book Review), 5:68 bioabsorbable PLLA/PGA copolymer screws for, Craniofacial reconstruction stability of (Scientific Foundation), 17:331– clinical outcome of Medpor grafts for (Clinical Notes), 336 16:526–530 bioabsorbable PLLA-PGA for (Scientific Studies), with high-density porous polyethylene implants 17:920–925 (Biomaterial Application), 15:719–72436
  • 37. SUBJECT INDEX pediatric, hydroxyapatite cement in (Technical distraction osteogenesis of Strategies), 16:129–133 in bone regeneration, 10:308–311 by transport distraction osteogenesis: corticotomy with new distraction system, 6:368–374 versus osteotomy, an experimental study distraction osteogenesis of, en bloc (Scientific Foundations), 15:556–565 (Clinical Note), 11:246–251Craniofacial reconstruction, Medpor®, genetic effects on (Commentary), 11:252–253 osteoblast-like cells (Special Section: Cancer), dysplasia of, maxillary distraction for (Clinical Note), 17:1243–1250 12:458–463Craniofacial reconstruction, of frontoethmoidal effects of lateral cranial base expansion on, 2:165–166A encephalocele after primary neurosurgical repair fixation of (Clinical Note), 19:171–174 with absorbable biomaterial, 10:491Craniofacial region, metallic implants in, 6:97 in fetus, 7:412–417Craniofacial regions optimal timing of, 6:459 linear and angular measurements in, in Down ’s with totally biodegradable plates and cyanoacrylate syndrome (Anatomical Landmarks), 12:373– adhesive, 6:477 379 fracture(s) of (Discussion), 12:380 neuropsychologic outcome after, 1:163 of 284 healthy north American white children between 1 oblique, in children, 1:4 and 5 years of age, proportion indices in, future domain distractor for (Technical Strategy), 6:414– 14:13–28 416Craniofacial repairs, hydroxyapatite cement for (Brief genetics involving (Guest Editorial), 8:244–245 Clinical Note), 19:283–286 growth ofCraniofacial repair, and replacement, new strategies for: brief effects of resorbable fixation on, 3:190–196 review (Special Issue: Regenerative Medicine), inhibition of, radiation-induced, 12:533–543 14:333–339 positional stability of microfixation and, 7:64–68Craniofacial replacement and repair, new strategies for: brief postnatal, personal environmental experimentation review (Special Issue: Regenerative Medicine), and (Special Communication), 12:205–217 14:333–339 in rabbits, midfacial surgical trauma and rigid plateCraniofacial resection (CFR) fixation and (Literature Scan), 8:81 for aggressive nonmelanoma skin cancer, (Original human, distraction osteogenesis of, 6:477 Articles), 18:1022–1033 hypoplasia of, in hemifacial microsomia, 12:31–40 treatment modalities for esthesioneuroblastoma (ENB), injuries to (Original Articles), 18:1037 complex, early single-stage repair of, 3:47, 3:122Craniofacial resection and reconstructive strategy for penetrating, supraorbital-pterion approach to, osteoma of frontoethmoidal sinuses, 2:75–81 7:224–227Craniofacial section of IPRAS Congress in Yokohama, weapon, management of (Clinical Note), 9:371–382 scientific program of (Guest Editorial), 6:443 malformations ofCraniofacial skeleton (Literature Scan), 10:381 absorbable plating system for, 8:121–126 orbital dystopia in, surgical treatment of, 8:17–22 absorbable rigid fixation of, system applications for malignant epithelioid schwannoma of, 8:417–420 (Technical Strategy), 7:394–398 measurements of aesthetic contouring of, 3:184 backlighted digitizer for, reliability and validity of, behavior of, suture immobilization and, in young rabbit, 8:222–227 8:483–489, 8:490 based on computed tomography, 3:182 cleft in, medial, surgical planning and correction of reconstruction of, bioresorbable materials in (Editorial), (Clinical Note), 8:318–321 12:407–408 coral granules in, 5:213–216 reconstruction of. See Reconstruction, craniofacial repair CT-based size and shape determination of (Clinical of, BMP gene therapy in, 11:24–30 Note), 12:87–94 surgery on, for hypertelorism correction, 8:29–30 defects in, after tumor resection, temporalis muscle flap for three-dimensional imaging and analysis system for, (Clinical Note), 11:258–264 Pentium personal computer-based, 8:333–339 deformity(ies) of trauma to, treatment of, immediate and delayed (Clinical congenital, supraorbital bar advancement in, 10:198– Note), 11:265–269 200 Craniofacial skeleton immature, reconstruction of, with in cystic hygroma, 1:97 carbonated calcium phosphate bone cement: in giant cystlike temporal encephalocele (Clinical interaction with bioresorbable mesh, 14:117–124 Note), 10:435–438 ivory osteoma of (Clinical Notes), 14:729–735 osseointegration for (Invited Editorial), 8:246–251 Craniofacial skin malignancies, basal and squamous cell distraction of (Book Review), 10:265–266 (Clinical Notes), 17:265–271 37
  • 38. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERYCraniofacial stenosis, neurophysiological evaluationwith in children undergoing, perioperative airway and multimodality evoked potentials in, 8:286–289 ventilatory management in, clinical outcome ofCraniofacial surgery (Clinical Notes), 15:655–661 advances in (Editorial), 9:307 in cyberspace (Editorial), 8:331–332 advances made in 40 years (Special Editorial), 19:3–14 in Oman (Clinical Note), 12:247–252 and traumatic head injuries (Editorial), 19:295–296 interactive three-dimensional computed tomographic BMP 2 therapy for, 19:1244–1259 surgical localizer for, 2:163A (Book Review), 9:196, 10:264 internal fixation in, microsystem for, indications for, 1:35 bone anchors in (Technical Strategy), 7:164–167 intraoperative scalp management in (Technical Strategy), bone stabilization in, new fast-resorbing polymer for 6:337–338 (Clinical Notes), 17:40–43 late subperiosteal hematomata, associated with (Brief cleft surgery and (Book Review), 11:206–207 Clinical Notes), 17:390–393 complications of (Clinical Review), 11:168–171 lateral canthal tendon in (Literature Scan), 7:254–255 computerized modeling for (Technical Strategy), 9:548– longitudinal morphological estimation in, 3-D CT scan 556 protocol for (Clinical Note), 12:136–140 DL-polylactic acid biodegradable plates and screws in, long-term, hypotensive anesthesia and recovery of experimental studies on (Scientific Foundation), cognitive function in (Clinical Notes), 16:531– 4:223–227 536 duration of, complications and, 8:345, 8:346 microscrew anchorage techniques in, 2:71–73, 2:74 endoscopic dissection of dura and craniotomy in missed diagnosis in (Editorial), 19:873–874 (Scientific Foundation), 9:154–161 orbitometer-ophthalmometer in (Scientific Foundation), experimental, biomechanical evaluation of canine and 7:437–439 porcine models for, 6:288–291 panel on (Editorial), 11:411 extradural endoscopic dissection of anterior skull base pediatric, resorbable rivet system for (Clinical Notes), in, 8:454–459 17:11–14 fibrin glue in, 1:32 pediatric. See also Pediatric patient(s), craniofacial fixation methods in, 6:459, 6:477 surgery in for frontoethmoidal meningoencephalocele, 2:2–8 perforated demineralized bone in, 2:166A for giant frontoethmoidal encephalomeningocele, practice, effect of single payer system on (Editorial), 10:111–116 19:561–562 for Hallermann-Streiff syndrome (Clinical Experience), reconstructive. See Reconstruction, craniofacial for 10:160–167 removal of forehead hemangioma (Surgical for nonsyndromic bicoronal synostosis, critical analysis Strategies), 17:702–704 of results of, 6:32–39 removal of rigid internal fixation devices in, reasons for, for nonsyndromic craniosynostosis, retrospective study 9:40–44 of, 10:140–147 research on, 3:3–7 for orbitomalar malformations in Treacher Collins science and vision in (Editorial), 16:341–342 syndrome, 6:211–216 sleep apnea in, apnomonitor for measurement of pre/post for osteoma of frontoethmoidal sinuses, 2:75–81 surgical status (Clinical Notes), 17:44–49 for plagiocephaly, 7:284–289 social attitudes toward the malformed and their handling for posterior sagittal craniosynostosis (Technical in different cultures and at different times, Strategy), 9:88–91 6:314–326 for scaphocephaly, roentgencephalometric follow-up steel wire osteosynthesis for, delayed complication with after, 7:96–101 (Clinical Note), 8:323–324 future of, 3:5–7 stereolithography in (Clinical Notes), 17:869–875 future of, 5:76 three-dimensional osteosynthesis in, 2:161A growth and differentiation factors in bone induction in, TM HAKEN plate in (Technical Strategy), 7:160–163 1:154 trigonocephaly, fronto-orbital correction in (Original healing of, effects of guided tissue regeneration and Article), 17:1167–1174 fixation technique on, 7:46–52 use of dental elastics to control thin and short hair history of, as bridge to new century (Editorial), 10:465 during (Technical Strategies), 17:1161–1162 impact of advances in science and technology on value of journal in future directions of (Editorial), (Editorial Note), 19:1136–1139 16:745–746 impact of scientific and technological explosion on vision and science in (Editorial), 16:341–342 (Editorial), 12:203–204 V-tunnel drill system in (Technical Strategy), 7:168–169 impacts of future practice of (Editorial), 4:121 wire osteosynthesis techniques in, biomechanical in children and young adults (Book Review), 11:407– comparison of (Scientific Foundation), 5:44–48 408 Craniofacial surgery with bioresorbable fixation devices (Technical Experiences), 18:926–93038
  • 39. SUBJECT INDEXCraniofacial trauma, complex, from fireworks blast, 19:322– Craniomaxillofacial surgeon, review of science and 327 technology for, allograft and alloplastic boneCraniofacial syndromes, hand abnormalities associated with substitutes and, 16:981–989 (Clinical Note Review), 14:709–712 Craniomaxillofacial surgery (CMF) surgery, 18:1242Craniofacial synostosis (CFS) bioabsorbable fixation devices for, 8:92–95 intracranial hypertension in patient with, 8:373–378 cranial bone thickness assessment by ultrasound for, (Commentary), 8:471 8:213–220 in rabbits, experimental, cranial base in facial growth fixation in, with absorbable biomaterial, 10:491 and, 2:163–164A microsystem in, 5:95–102 treatment of, complications associated with gradual “ p iggyback” osteotomies in, 6:199–209 cranial vault distraction osteogenesis for purified bone morphogenetic protein preparations in (Clinical Note), 14:526–528 (Literature Scan), 6:260 treatment of, distraction osteogenesis of cranial vault for resorbable biotechnology for (Special Editorial), 8:85– (Clinical Notes), 15:135–144 86Craniofacial techniques, application of, to pituitary surgery resorbable polymer application difficulties in, 6:477 (Surgical Strategies), 16:812–818 stereolithographic biomodelling in (Literature Scan),Craniofacial treatment of giant-cell tumors of sphenoid bone 10:462–463 (Clinical Note), 5:254–255 tacks for fixation in (Technical Strategy), 12:596–602Craniofacial variability index (CVI), for describing normal three-dimensional computed tomography in, 5:282 variations of head and face in children (Original Craniomaxillofacial surgery, resorbable polymer fixation for Articles), 18:470–474 (Clinical Note), 11:575Craniofacial vasculature, and aortic fusion, angiogenic Craniomaxillofacial trauma (Book Review), 7:82–83 defects in (Special Section: Vascular Anomalies), (Clinical Note), 7:384–392 17:736–744 Craniomaxillofacial trauma, submental intubation in, asCraniofacial venous malformations, therapeutic choice for alternative to tracheostomy (Brief Clinical Notes), (Special Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:729– 16:498–499 735 Craniomaxillofacial tumors, computer-assisted navigation inCraniofacies, fetal, morphometric analysis of, by ultrasound, (Clinical Note), 19:1067–1074 2:159 Craniometry, glossary (Special Article), 19:705–712Craniofaciostenosis Cranio-orbital cleft, rare, management of (Brief Clinical in Apert’s syndrome, 7:23–30 Note), 19:819–822 fronto-naso-orbital osteotomy for (Clinical Note), 7:79– Cranio-orbital defect, congenital, reconstruction of, species- 81 specific demineralized bone implant in, 3:113–118 midfacial advancement by bone distraction for, 9:114– Cranio-orbital fractures, complex, in children, immediate 122 reconstruction of, 4:8–19Craniolacunae in Pfeiffer syndrome, 6:483 case reports on, 4:10–18Craniomandibular disorders (CMD), occlusion splint materials and methods for, 4:8–10 therapy for (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:572–578 results of, 4:10Craniomaxillofacial applications, alternate suture material Cranio-orbital injury, unusual penetrating, by cut-off wheel for (Clinical Notes), 17:40–43 (Clinical Notes), 15:226–228Craniomaxillofacial distraction osteogenesis in new-born Cranio-orbital osteotomies with advancement, resorbable with severe craniofacial synostosis (Technical plates and bone glue for stabilization of, 6:477 Strategy), 6:421–423 Cranio-orbital regionCraniomaxillofacial fibrous dysplasia (Clinical Note), foreign body in, wooden, diagnosis and removal of 10:155–159 (Clinical Note), 7:311–314Craniomaxillofacial fixation, LactoSorb, preventable injury to, penetrating, from wooden foreign body complication of (Clinical Report), 8:151–152 (Clinical Note), 7:311–314Craniomaxillofacial growth, long-term effects of rigid Cranio-orbital surgery for metopic synostosis, plate and fixation on, 2:63–70 screw fixation in, 6:477Craniomaxillofacial reconstruction, microsurgical tissue Cranio-orbital-temporal neurofibromatosis (Clinical Note), transfer in, 1:77 9:529–535Craniomaxillofacial region, asymmetry in, use of diced bone Craniopagus Parasiticus, successful separation of grafts wrapped in Surgicel for correction of, (Literature Scan), 18:711 19:1140–1445 CranioplastyCraniomaxillofacial region, complex-type penetrating acrylic (Literature Scan), 9:303 injuries of (Clinical Notes), 17:442–446 after neurosurgery, subcutaneous preservation of bone inCraniomaxillofacial skeleton, right microfixation and, (Clinical Notes), 17:1076–1079 6:132–137 alloplastic PMMAan materials for, biomechanical testing of (Technical Strategies), 16:140–143 39
  • 40. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY alloplastic, rigid mesh fixation for (Technical Strategy), (Research), 12:191–193 5:265–268 shaping artificial plates for, automatic hole repairing automatic hole repairiing, using Bézier surface using Bézier surface approximation (Technical approximation (Technical Strategies), 16:1076– Strategies), 17:344–352 1084 spring-assisted, for ventricular shunt-induced cranial chronic abscess after, treatment for (Original Article), deformity, 19:588–592 18:1305–1308 spring-mediated, with resorbable foot plates, efficacy and CortossTM as best material for, 19:88–95 safety of (Scientific Foundations), 18:54–59 discussion on, 18:60–61 synthetic, cerebral microcirculation and (Basic use of dynamic orthotic Novabone and Norian in: a comparative study for craniofacial asymmetry, 9:11–19 (Technical Strategies), 15:483–489 for positional plagiocephaly, 5:150–160 with autograft (Point of View), 6:80–83 fixing temporalis muscle to hydroxyapatite implant using with auto-purified bone flap after infection (Clinical titanium plate in (Technical Note), 12:292–298 Notes), 17:1076–1079 for acquired skull defects in children, autogenous with cap radial craniectomy, for calcified material vs methylmethacrylate for, 3:38–39 cephalohematoma (Technical Strategies), for aplasia of vertex without scalp defect (Clinical 17:970–979 Report), 8:146–150 Cranioplasty, bone healing in, spontaneous, 11:346–349 for calvarial defects, Bio-Oss in, in rabbit model, 4:79– Cranioplasty clinical outcome in, critical review in long- 84 term follow-up, 14:144–153 for cranial vault reduction, in children with (Discussion), 14:816 hydrocephalic macrocephaly (Clinical Notes), hydroxyapatite: 1. experimental results from new quick- 17:645–655 setting material (Innovations and Techniques), for craniosynostosis, lack of ossification after (Clinical 14:85–88 Note), 4:255–256 hydroxyapatite: 2. clinical experience with new quick- for monostotic craniofacial fibrous dysplasia (Clinical setting material (Innovations and Techniques), Experience), 17:62–67 14:209–214 for nonsyndromic craniosynostosis, retrospective study Craniosynostoses, unicoronal suture immobilization in fetal of, 10:140–147 rabbit (Original Articles), 15:192–199 for trigonocephaly, bitemporal depressions after, 19:72– Craniostenosis 79 coronal, frontal bone advancement and compensatory frontal bone reconstruction using BMP-2 and 3D craniofacial growth changes in, 2:86–94 technology (Clinical Notes), 17:275–279 neurophysiological evaluation with multimodality frontosupraorbital, bitemporal depressions after, 19:72– evoked potentials in, 8:286–289 79 Craniosynostosis hydroxyapatite cement paste, for temporal hollowing in achondroplasia and Pfeiffer syndrome, genetic after cranial vault remodeling in growing child relationship between, 9:477–480 (Clinical Note), 8:506–511 Apert’s syndrome and fronto-naso-orbital osteotomy for hydroxyapatite cement, antibiotic elution from (Clinical (Clinical Note), 7:79–81 Notes), 16:228–233 (Symposium), 9:599 intraoperative molded, cost-effective patient-specific apoptotic cell death during normal embryogenesis of (Technical Experience), 19:777–781 coronal suture and, 8:441–445 methyl methacrylate (Symposium), 10:405 assessment of airway in, 2:162A of large cranial defect at an early stage after benchmarking for (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:436–442 decompressive craniectomy performed for severe blood loss in, reduction of (Brief Clinical Note), head trauma (Original Articles), 18:526–532 19:1424–1430 orthotic, for deformational plagiocephaly (Literature from cephalic molding at delivery (Clinical Report), Scan), 10:380 10:226–229 postural blood flow regulation, cerebrovascular reserve cervical spine in, 7:275–279 capacity, and cerebral glucose metabolism and in child, distraction osteogenesis for (Brief Clinical (Literature Scan), 12:101 Notes), 17:557–560 primary reconstruction of open depressed skull fractures children with with titanium mesh (Technical Experience), intracranial volume in, 1:1 19:490–495 raised intracranial pressure in, papilledema as reconstruction of complex orbito-fronto-temporal, use of indicator of (Literature Scan), 8:81 computer-designed PEEK implants in (Brief commentary on, 3:18–19 Clinical Notes), 18:224–228 congenital animal model for, 6:459 regenerative surgery in (Scientific Foundation), 19:1315–132240
  • 41. SUBJECT INDEXcoronal, apparent ‘nonsyndromic,’ increased risk of higher learning function and (Symposium), 9:574– reoperation in, from FGFR3 P250R mutation 575 (Anatomic Studies), 16:347–354 in infancycoronal, acquired unilateral, after surgical interventions commentary on, 5:93–94 for birth-related intracranial injuries (Brief frontocranial remodeling for, frontal sinus Clinical Notes), 17:561–566 development and glabellar morphology after,coronal suturectomy for, increased intracranial pressure 5:81–92 after, 10:104–109 intracranial hypertension in patient with, 8:373–378correction, transcranial surgery for, pyrexia after (Brief intracranial volume in, 9:234–238, 9:493–503 Clinical Notes), 17:202–204 childhood cranio-orbital reshaping andcorrection of, unicoronal, late results after (Clinical (Symposium), 9:575 Notes), 16:37–44 lambdoid, unilateral, surgical correction of, 3:12–17correction with dual therapy using procrit and cell saver, Le Fort III osteotomy in, airway changes after (Clinical blood conservation during, 19:101–105 Note), 7:363–369cranial suture disease in, 7:271–274 low fibroblast growth factor receptor activity in, Apert’sof cranial sutures in humans (Scientific Foundation), syndrome and (Scientific Foundation), 9:92–95 17:91–97 metopic, intracranial volume measurement of (Clinicalcranial sutures in, SEM and micro CT evaluation of Notes), 15:1014–1016 (Scientific Studies), 17:909–919 Discussion, 15:1017–1018cranioplasty for, lack of ossification after (Clinical Note), metopic synostosis as, 12:528, 12:530–532 4:247–254 microscopic approach to (Clinical Studies), 16:997–in Crouzon’s syndrome, 8:11–13 1005 low fibroblastic growth factor receptor activity in midface and cranial vault deformities in, distraction for (Clinical Note), 6:245–247 (Symposium), 10:282delayed-onset, distraction osteogenesis for, coronal midfacial hypoplasia in, distraction osteogenesis for, suture response to, 10:27–37 9:112, 9:119–122developmental stage of, tracing through bone center misdiagnosis as deformational plagiocephaly, 19:132– displacement (Literature Scan), 10:526 136DO of, cranial growth after, 19:45–55 multisuture (Technical Experiences), 18:927familial lambdoid, between father and son neurosurgeon and, 5:148 (velopharyngeal insufficiency), 19:850–854 nonsyndromic, retrospective study of, 10:140–147feet and (Clinical Report), 9:83–87 nonsyndromic bicoronal, craniofacial surgery for, criticalfibroblast growth factor receptor 2 in, sequence analysis analysis of results of, 6:32–39 of (Scientific Foundation), 12:580–584 orbital hypoplasia in, distraction osteogenesis for,fibroblast growth factor receptor-2 gene mutations and 9:100–112, 9:119–122 (Scientific Foundation), 9:162–170 outcome assessment from surgical reconstruction, 19:65–frontal, frontal tiara for, 3:173–174 71fronto-orbital advancement for (Technical Strategies), pathogenesis of, insulin growth factor-1 in evaluating 17:980–985 (Scientific Foundation), 4:35–38fronto-orbital advancement of, prevention of “temporal patients with, FGFR1-3 mutations in (Brief Clinical hollowing” after (Technical Strategy), 5:271– Note), 19:290–291 274 pediatric, resorbable plates in, experience with, outcomesfronto-orbital correction in trigonocephaly (Original and complications based on (velopharyngeal Article), 17:1167–1174 insufficiency), 19:855–860fronto-orbital re-operation in (Literature Scan), 7:84, in Pfeiffer syndrome, 6:483 7:253 plate and screw fixation in, 6:477fronto-parieto-squamosal suture fusion and (Scientific phenotypes, with FGFR2 and TWIST mutations, clinical Foundation), 7:122–129 outcome (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:166–172growth of cranial base in, 2:194 from positional plagiocephaly, assistive device forguidelines for care, treatment, and outcome of patients treatment of (Technical Strategy), 11:177–183 with, 5:72–74 posterior deformities of skull in, ventricular shunthydrocephalus and (Literature Scan), 9:411 management in, 8:38–42immunolocalization of androgen receptor in (Scientific posterior sagittal, correction of (Technical Strategy), Foundation), 15:922–927 9:88–91 Discussion, 15:928–929 postnatal onset of, in case of Saethre-Chotzen syndromeincidences of, in Syria (Clinical Notes), 15:703–704 (Brief Clinical Notes), 15:1048–1052increased intracranial pressure in repair of, bicoronal incisions in, 9:344–347 cranial vault expansion techniques for (Technical in Saethre-Chotzen syndrome (Clinical Note), 11:480– Strategy), 4:167–173 486 41
  • 42. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY sagittal early surgical treatment of, incidence of increased correction of (Editorial), 6:224–226 intracranial pressure after (Literature Scan), endoscopic craniectomy for surgical correction of 8:242 (Literature Scan), 9:411–412 elbow in, 9:201–205 multiple skeletal anomalies and (Clinical Note), gradual distraction fronto-orbital advancement using 7:358–362 "floating forehead" for (Clinical surgical correction of, 6:98–102 Experiences), 17:497–505 scanning electron microscopy in evaluation of, 9:30–39 intracranial pressure problems in (Symposium), 9:598 in scaphocephaly, osteotomies for, Le Fort III distraction osteogenesis in (Clinical roentgencephalometric follow-up after, 7:96– Notes), 17:28–39 101 Le Fort III midfacial distraction using internal severe syndromal, monoblock distraction osteogenesis external distraction device for (Clinical in pediatric patients with (Clinical Studies), Notes), 17:1050–1058 15:990–1000 monobloc and facial bipartition distraction for Discussion, 15:1001 (Clinical Note), 10:244–251 simple, cerebral perfusion defects secondary to, 7:177– signs of obstructive sleep apnea in (Clinical Notes), 185 17:44–49 single sutural, etiology of (Literature Scan), 7:324 trigonocephaly, surgical considerations and long single suture, correction of, using resorbable fixation term evaluation (Original Articles), 17:528– (Clinical Note), 12:451–455 535 (Discussion), 12:456–457 ultrasound in diagnosis of (Original Articles), single-suture, early surgical intervention for, 10:38–42 17:623–625 single suture, nonsyndromic, and mosaicism for upper airway stenosis in patients with (Clinical FGFR/TWIST mutations, (Scientific Notes), 17:880–882 Foundations), 18:312–314 syndromic, visual loss in, with papilledema but without sinus pericranii associated with (Clinical Notes), other symptoms of intracranial hypertension 18:78–84 (Clinical Notes), 15:1019–1022 in skull attributed to Mozart (Literature Scan), 6:261 Discussion, 15:1023–1024 skull molding and (Symposium), 9:572–600 three-dimensional panoramic imaging of, 2:165A spring-mediated cranial reshaping for (Clinical transcranial Doppler ultrasonography in (Clinical Note), Experience), 15:810–816 10:260–262 Discussion, 15:817–818 commentary on, 10:337 subtotal craniectomy for, regeneration of calvarial treatment of deformity following, 4:85–89 controversies on management of (Special supine sleeping position and, 7:5–11 Commentary), 8:5 surgery for (Position Paper), 8:3 bioabsorbable fixation devices in, 8:100–102, timing of (Literature Scan), 6:84 8:110–114 unilateral coronal, fronto-orbital advancement in, computer-aided design planning for, 12:547–553 cerebrospinal fluid spaces and, 7:102–106 growing skull fracture after (Clinical Note), 9:73–75 in utero model of, 3:70–79 resorbable coupling fixation in, 6:477 vascularized fronto-orbital advancement for, 7:107–110 using three-dimensional solid model and autologous Z pattern of trisutural (Clinical Notes), 18:568 blood transfusion (Clinical Note), 12:479– Craniosynostosis anomalies in twins (Brief Clinical Notes), 484 16:696–699 surgical correction of, in malignant osteopetrosis Craniosynostisis report of behavioral data on three groups (Clinical Notes), 15:218–219 of patients with (Original Articles), 15:200–208 Discussion, 15:221 Craniotelencephalic dysplasia, trigonocephaly in, 3:86 surgery for, open vs. minimally invasive, comparison of, Craniotomy 19:128–131 bifrontal, for frontoethmoidal meningoencephalocele, 2:7 syndromal, sleep apnea syndrome in, aggressive surgical defects from, in rats, recombinant human bone management of, 3:8–11 morphogenetic protein-2 in repair of (Literature syndromes and poor function congenital ptosis, lacrimal Scan), 6:261 gland prolapse in, 2:158 endoscopic, commentary on, 9:248 syndromic, OSA in, nasopharyngeal airway role for, endoscopic dissection of dura and (Scientific 19:659–663 Foundation), 9:154–161 syndromic, prevalence of papilledema in, 19:121–127 experimental, biodegradable and titanium plating in, syndromic 8:446–451, 8:452 shave for, need for, 3:185–18642
  • 43. SUBJECT INDEXCraniotomy, transcranial endoscopy as alternative to, in proton therapy for, 6:24–25 skull base surgery (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:155– surgery of (Book Review), 5:146 157 vascular lesions involving, 1:106Craniotomy outer table, for frontal sinus mucocele (Brief defect in Clinical Notes), 15:869–873 fibrillar polylactic acid homopolymer in, 7:32–35 Discussion, 15:873–874 repair of, comparison of ossification of demineralizedCranium bone, hydroxyapatite, gelfoam and bone wax in Apert’s syndrome (Literature Scan), 7:174 in (Scientific Foundation), 7:347–351 base of deformities of abnormalities of, in synostotic frontal plagiocephaly changing constellation of (Editorial), 9:491–492 (Scientific Foundation), 7:426–428 in infants, screw and plate fixation for, 7:267–270 and calvaria in Apert and Crouzon’s syndromes, intentional (Literature Scan), 7:324 three-dimensional analysis of, 2:162–163A reconstruction of, computerized modeling in craniofacial surgery and (Editorial), 6:1 (Technical Strategy), 9:548–556 expansion of, lateral, craniofacial effects of, 2:165– floor of, anterior, reconstruction of, with bone grafts 166A (Technical Strategy), 5:339 experimental expansion of maxillary sinus and, 5:11– growth of 15 fronto-parieto-squamosal suture fusion and collagen scaffolding patterns in cranial sutures, CLSM (Scientific Foundation), 7:122–129 for analysis of (Scientific Foundation), 19:198– rigid fixation and, 6:459 203 infant, deformity of, supine sleeping position and, 7:5– cranial base reference in cephalometric studies, protocol 11, 7:12–17 for (Technical Strategies), 19:211–215 procedures of, without hair removal (Literature Scan), defects in 10:463 bone regeneration of, with biodegradable barriers, reconstruction of 12:41–47 bone grafting for, 1:135 healing of, quantitative assessment of, TGF-B in osteogenesis imperfecta, 5:180–184 expression and (Eighth Conference of the sutures of, disease of, in Apert’s syndrome, 7:271–274 ISCS), 12:401–404 wounds of, complex, reconstruction of (Scientific in facial growth, experimental craniofacial synostosis Foundation), 11:224–231 syndrome in rabbit and, 2:163–164A Wormian bone, massive sagittal, and overlying alopecia: fibrous dysplasia of, optic nerve decompression in, 6:5– identification, correction and outcome, 19:96– 14 100 growth of, during deformational plagiocephaly treatment Critical care and monitoring, of pediatric burn patient, (Literature Scan), 11:204 19:929–932 growth of, in craniosynostosis, 2:194 Critical size calvarial defects in rabbits, 45S5 bioactive human, measurement of pulsatile forces on (Technical glass combined as bone substitute in Strategies), 16:134–139 reconstruction of (Scientific Foundations), 16:63– injury to, from fall on rigid external distraction device 70 (Clinical Note), 12:237–241 Critical-size defect(s) (CSDs) lesions of, three-dimensional imaging diagnosis for, bone regeneration in, 7:36–44 6:27–31 in bone-regenerating material testing, 9:310–316 quantitative morphologic analyses of, using three- calvarial bone, effect of insulin-like growth factor type I dimensional computed tomography and life-size on (Scientific Foundation), 9:138–141 model, cranial distraction for plagiocephaly and cranial, healing of, TGF-B expression and (Eighth (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:688–692 Conference of the ISCS), 12:401–404 reconstruction of, serratus anterior free tissue transfer in, in rat mandible, repair of, with allogenic type I collagen, 3:208, 3:209 12:573–579 resection of, duraplasty in (Technical Note), 2:152–155 unicortical, of rabbit tibia (Correspondence), 5:201–203 surgery on Croatians, soft tissue facial profile of (Anatomical Study), (Editorial), 6:2–3 19:251–258 for tumors, lumbar cerebrospinal fluid drainage Crooked nose, medial iliac crest bone graft as supporting during, neurological deterioration after, framework (Technical Strategy), 19:1631–1638 3:145–148 Crossbite, vertical symphyseal osteotomy for, 9:338–343 sutures of. See Suture(s) Cross-linking, collagen, U.V., in critical size defect repair, tumors of 12:573–579 adjunctive treatment of, 6:69–74 Cross-lip flap. See Abbe flap anterior, cranial orbital resection of (Technical Crouzon’s disease/syndrome. See also Craniofaciostenosis; Strategy), 6:75–79 Craniosynostosis 43
  • 44. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY in adult Discussion, 15:241–242 modified Le Fort III osteotomy in commentary on, a reflective case of obstructive sleep apnea in an infant 9:486–487 (Technical Strategy), 9:481– with (Brief Clinical Notes), 15:874–878 485 Discussion, 15:878–879 untreated, three-dimensional smooth surface with/without mental retardation, midface advancement analysis of, 6:444 for (Clinical Notes), 17:28–39 and Apert syndrome, calvaria and cranial base in, three- Crouzon syndrome, and Apert syndrome, FGFR2 mutations dimensional analysis in, 2:162–163A among Thai children with (Scientific Foundations), central nervous system imaging in (Clinical Note), 14:101–104 6:401–404 (Discussion), 14:105–107 clinical features of, 8:11–13 Crouzon syndrome, morphology and growth of mandible in cranial base angle and maxillary hypoplasia in (Scientific (Anatomic Studies), 18:146–150 Foundation), 7:69–70 Crouzon’s syndrome(s) elbow in, 9:201–205 craniosynostosis in, fibroblast growth factor receptor fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 gene mutations and gene mutations in (Scientific Foundation), (Scientific Foundation), 9:162–170 12:580–584 frontofacial advancement with free flap in (Clinical Note), midface hypoplasia in, distraction osteogenesis for, sleep 2:33–37 apnea and (Clinical Note), 12:73–77 hydrocephalus and Chiari I malformation in patients Cryopreserved human bone marrow mesenchymal with, 2:160–161A cell/hydroxyapatite complex, in presence of Le Fort III osteotomy in, airway changes after (Clinical recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2, Note), 7:363–369 experimental study on bone formation potential of, low fibroblastic growth factor receptor activity in 14:108–116 stenosed cranial sutures in (Clinical Note), Cryptotia, surgical correction of, combined with 6:245–247 intraoperative distention using isotonic saline monobloc and facial bipartition osteotomies for injection and rotation flap method (Brief Clinical (Technical Strategy), 7:229–251 Notes), 16:473–475 noncraniofacial manifestations of, 5:218–222 Cryopreservation, impact on osteogenic potential of human obstructive sleep apnea and (Clinical Note), 10:430– bone marrow-derived MSCs cultured with 434 autologous serum, 19:693–700 sleep apnea syndrome in, aggressive surgical Crystal deposition disease of temporomandibular joint, management of, 3:8–10 10:385–388 surgery for, 2:53 C-shape extended transconjunctival approach to traumatic (Symposium), 9:595 orbitozygomaticomaxillary deformities (Technical timing of (Symposium), 9:592–594, 9:595–596 Strategy), 12:603–607 in twins with cloverleaf skull malformations, 2:56–62 CT. See Computed tomography (CT)Crouzon syndrome Cultured mouse embryo, craniofacial anomalies of, induced activating fibroblast growth factor receptors mutations by inhibition of sonic hedgehog signaling, animal accompanying, aberrant bony vasculature model of holoprosencephaly and (Scientific associated with (Scientific Foundations), Studies), 16:80–88 Craniosynostosis 15:431–435 Cultures, ancient, social attitudes toward malformed and Discussion, 15:436, 437–438 their handling in, 6:314–326 classical features of (Clinical Notes), 17:843–847 Cupid’s bow, symmetrical, standard for repair of cleft lip clinical findings, genes and extracellular matrix and (Technical Strategy), 19:1330–1342 (Clinical Notes), 16:361–368 Curved, reformated mandibular image (CRMI) for distraction facial deformity in, spectaclesplasty followed by Le Fort osteogenesis, 12:26–30 I maxillary osteotomy for correction of, 19:652– Curvilinear device, for infant mandibular distraction 658 (Technical Experiences), 18:1403–1407 FGFR2 mutation in, clinical outcome (Brief Clinical Custom-made distraction device for experimental mandibular Notes), 17:166–172 distraction osteogenesis (Brief Clinical Notes), Le Fort III advancement osteotomy in growing child 16:675–682 affected by, presurgical and postsurgical growth Cutaneous distribution of infraorbital nerve (Special Issue: and (Clinical Notes), 16:369–377 Technical Strategies), 15:3–5 osteotomies for midface advancement in (Surgical Discussion, 15:5 Strategy), 17:957–961 Cutaneous flap in myelomeningocele repair (Clinical Note), patients with, prevalence of papilledema in, 19:121–127 11:500–508 phenotypic signs and symptoms of the postnatally Cutaneous head and neck malignant melanoma (CHNME), expressed subtype (Clinical Notes), 15:233– Clark’s, Breslow’s and TNM classifications for, 24044
  • 45. SUBJECT INDEX comparison among (Clinical Notes), 18:1353– and replanting of patient’s teeth (Technical 1358 Strategies), 15:792–796Cutaneous sensibility on infraorbital nerve area, evaluation Cystic lesion of jaw, autogenous platelet-rich plasma in of (Anatomic Studies), 16:953–956 combination with bovine-derived hydroxyapatiteCutaneous sensory branch of mylohyoid nerve (Anatomic xenograft for treatment of (Clinical Notes), 16:978– Studies), 16:343–346 980Cut-off wheel, unusual penetrating cranio-orbital injury by Cystic hygroma(s) (Clinical Notes), 15:226–228 craniofacial deformation in, 1:97CVI. See Craniofacial variability index teratomas of sphenoid sinus differentiated from, 2:141Cyanoacrylate adhesive and biodegradable plates in Cystic teratoma, or proboscis lateralis: unusual case of craniofacial skeletal fixation, 6:477 heminasal aplasia (Clinical Notes), 14:41–45Cyanoacrylate in facial bone fractures (Clinical Note), Cytokine regulation, genetic disorder of, osteogenesis and, 8:229–235 10:27–37Cyrano nasal deformity, secondary to lymphangioma Cytokines circumscriptum (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1473– bone formation in calvarial bone defect and (Scientific 1475 Foundation), 11:512Cyberspace, craniofacial surgery in (Editorial), 8:331–332 secretion of, from osteoblasts (Scientific Foundation),Cyber pollution (Editorial), 12:103–104 11:189–193Cyclopamine, effect on whole embryo culture, in animal Cytokines, titanium implants and (Scientific Foundation), model (Special Section: Vascular Anomalies), 9:254–259 17:736–744Cyst, dentigerous, after distraction osteogenesis of mandible Dacryocystitis in frontoethmoidal meningoencephalocele, (Clinical Notes), 18:1349–1352 2:3Cystic hygroma and cyst of branchial cleft, for teratomas Dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR), modified technique for diagnosis, (Clinical Notes), 18:1083–1085 naso-orbito-ethmoid fractures and epiphora (BriefCystic hygroma, conservative management of (Special Clinical Notes), 17:184–188 Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:815–818 Data accumulation (Editorial), 6:183Cyst(s) Dautrey procedure, for treatment of prolonged TMJ dermoid, with discharging sinus of fronto-orbital area dislocation (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1466–1470 (Clinical Note), 9:536–538 DBM. See Demineralized bone matrix (DBM) dermoid, of lip (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:162–166 Deadspace vs drainage in frontofacial advancement with free enucleation of, marsupialization by Partsch’s method for flap (Clinical Note), 2:33–37 (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:152–162 Decellularized dermal grafting (AlloDerm), use of, in oro- epidermoid, of occipital bone (Clinical Note), 6:161– nasal fistulas, after cleft palate repair (Clinical 163 Notes), 17:636–641 frontal sinus, percutaneous endoscopic sinus surgery for Deep temporal fascia, attachment of, to zygomatic arch (Clinical Note), 6:502 (Research Foundation), 10:342–345 inclusion, epidermoid, eroding calvarium (Clinical Deformational plagiocephaly, 10:143–144, 10:146 Note), 7:148–150 avoiding sequela associated with (Original Articles), nasopalatine duct, magnetic resonance imaging in 14:430–437 (Clinical Note), 5:57–60 computed tomography-intracranial volume in, 9:493– and odontogenic tumors, silicon obstructor for 503 reorganization of bone and mucous tissue in controversies on management of (Special Commentary), residual cavity (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:152– 8:4–5 162 early recognition and treatment of (Literature Scan), squamous epithelial, intraorbital, complicating Silastic 10:380 implantation (Clinical Note), 9:452–455 in search of causative factors of (Clinical Notes), commentary on, 9:456–458 15:835–841 thyroglossal, by ectopic salivary gland (Clinical Note), metopic synostosis and, 10:473 11:394–397 (Position Paper), 8:3Cyst, fronto-orbital leptomeningeal, manifested with supine sleeping position and, 7:12–17 xophthalmos (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:668–671 treatment of, cranial growth during (Literature Scan),Cystic carcinoma, adenoid, neurotrophic spread of, in 11:204 maxillofacial district, pre- and postsurgical unilateral lambdoid synostosis differentiated from, adjuvant treatment of (Brief Clinical Notes), 9:240–246 16:332–334 Deformational plagiocephaly (DP), infant head shapeCystic disease, new regenerative surgical treatment of, of the changes in, cranial remolding orthosis using jaw by utilizing grafting of cancellous iliac bone noninvasive laser shape digitizer (Clinical Notes), 17:1084–1091 45
  • 46. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERYDeformational plagiocephaly (DP), its prevalence and Delrin titanium implant, total temporomandibular joint measures to check in primary care (Clinical Notes), reconstruction with, 3:160–169 18:85–92 Demineralized bone discussion on, 18:93–94 ossification of, in cranial defect repair (ScientificDeformations, 6:272 Foundation), 7:347–351Deformity(ies). See also Anomaly(ies) in rats, osteoinductive potential of, ethylene oxide gas cranial, changing constellation of (Editorial), 9:491– sterilization and, 6:195–197 492 Demineralized bone implant(s) craniofacial, rigid fixation for, alternative techniques in in craniofacial reconstruction (Symposium), 10:405–406 (Scientific Foundation), 9:249–253 species-specific, in reconstruction of large congenital facial bone, associated with hemifacial microsomia, cranio-orbital defect, 3:113–118 2:181–188 Demineralized bone matrix (DBM) mandibular, in hemifacial microsomia (Correspondence), bone regeneration and, 7:36–44 9:300–301 delivery systems for in rat cranial defect model, 5:172–Deformities, craniofacial, blood loss and transfusion rates 177 during repair of (Clinical Notes), 16:59–62 endochondral vs intramembranous, as implants forDeformational plagiocephaly (DP) osseous defects, 10:177–184 clinical classification according to Argenta, 19:664–668 implants of, calvarial osteogenesis and (Scientific craniosynostosis as misdiagnosis of, 19:132–136 Foundation), 5:34–43Deformity in osteoinduction, 3:70–77 acquired orbital, reconstruction of (Clinical Note), osteoinductive potential of, age and (Scientific 19:1092–1097 Foundation), 9:142–146 bilateral cleft lip nasal, new modified forked flap with purified, and recombinant bone morphogenetic protein, subcutaneous pedicles for (Technical Strategy), in search of ideal bone morphogenetic protein 19:1374–1380 delivery system: in vitro studies on (Special cranial ventricular shunt-induced, spring-assisted Issue: Regenerative Medicine), 14:284–291 remodeling for, 19:588–592 Demineralized bone matrix (DBM) eyelid, in patients with severe thyroid ophthalmopathy, and cancellous allograft, in autografts for mandibular correction of, 19:628–636 reconstruction (Clinical Notes), 18:95–100 facial in Crouzon syndrome, spectaclesplasty followed discussion on, 18:101–103 by Le Fort I maxillary osteotomy for correction human, variance of BMPs (-2, -4 & -7) in (Scientific of, 19:652–658 Foundation), 17:84–90 maxillomandibular, prevalence of TMD in patients with, hydration characteristics of, 17:120–129 19:687–692 prefabrication of vascularized bone flap by (Scientific of missile injuries of face, 19:300–305 Foundations), 18:43–48 nose with resorbable lactosorb membrane for bone bridging of and bilateral cleft lip, reconstruction of (Technical calvarial defect (Scientific Studies), 17:926– Strategy), 19:1353–1358 934 cleft lip, posterior dome graft technique for (Technical Demineralized bone matrix in complex cranial wound Strategy), 19:1359–1363 reconstruction (Scientific Foundation), 11:224– of vermilion, secondary correction with exposed oral 231 mucosa after cleft lip repair (Technical Strategy), Demineralized bone matrix/polydioxanone composite as 19:1370–1373 substitute for bone graft, 3:63–69Degeneration, and regeneration of perivascular innervation Demineralized perforated bone implants in craniofacial in arterial grafts (Basic Sciences), 15:570–581 surgery, 3:55–62 Discussion, 15:582–583, 15:584 Demineralized perforated bone matrix (DBM), for calvarialDehydrated costal cartilage, solvent, evaluation of, in rabbit reconstruction, 19:383–392 model (Scientific Studies), 16:89–94 Denervation, selective electrical, innervation of temporalisDelivery device in distraction osteogenesis, 12:19–25 muscle for (Technical Strategies), 15:352–357Delivery system, bone morphogenetic protein, in search of Densitometric evaluation of effects of platelet-rich plasma on ideal: in vitro studies on demineralized bone remodeling of b-tricalcium phosphate in beagle matrix, purified and recombinant bone dogs (Experimental Design), 16:150–154 morphogenetic protein (Special Issue: Dental amalgam fillings, causing Iatrogenic maxillary Regenerative Medicine), 14:284–291 sinusitis, surgical treatment of (Brief ClinicalDelivery systems of osseous repair, 4:135–138 Notes), 17:363–365 aliphatic polyesters in, 4:137–138 Dental arch dimensions following alveolar cleft grafting in alternative, 4:138 unilateral cleft lip and palate (Clinical Experience), microspheres in, 4:136–137 10:58–67 requirements for, 4:135–13646
  • 47. SUBJECT INDEXDental elastics, to control thin and short hair during Dermocartilagenous ligament (DCL), and depressor septi craniofacial surgery (Technical Strategies), nasi muscle, anatomical and functional relationship 17:1161–1162 between (Anatomic Studies), 17:286–290Dental eruption Dermoid(s) after distraction osteogenesis, maxillary advancement of forehead/brow, endoscopic ablation of, 8:176–180 and (Symposium), 10:280–281 teratomas of sphenoid sinus differentiated from, 2:141 human bone morphogenetic protein 2 implant and Dermoid, intracranial nasal, frontonasal osteotomy to (Research Foundation), 10:338–341 facilitate removal of (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:732–Dental forceps reduction, of depressed zygomatic arch 735 fractures (Technical Experience), 19:782–784 Dermoid cystDental implants intraorbital, atypical presentation of (Correspondence), endosseous, evaluation of alveolar ridge bend and 19:1715–1716 length in upper and lower jaws in nasal hair matrix cyst mimicking (Brief Clinical Note), anthropological skulls for planning, 2:101– 19:1422–1424 108 Dermoid cyst with discharging sinus of fronto-orbital area immediate loaded (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:965–971 (Clinical Note), 9:536–538 osseointegrated, in mandibular reconstruction Dermoid sinus, and cyst of lip (Brief Clinical Notes), (Technical Strategy), 8:512–521 17:162–166 in patients with cleft lip and palate (Technical Dermoscopy, for congenital melanocytic nevi, 14:661–665 strategies), 18:630–638 Decision-making process: problem-based decisionmakingDental implants, in ceramic bone substitution materials, (Literature Scans), 18:989–990 12:59–68 Definitive in-theater repair, of facial fractures, safety ofDental pulp necrosis, rare complication of reduction (Literature Scan), 19:544 malarplasty (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:945–948 Desmoplastic ameloblastoma, in mandible (Clinical Note),Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs), for in vitro bone 14:873–875 production (Scientific Studies), 17:511–515 Developmental biology, research on, 3:4Dental splints, modern techniques of rigid fixation and Dextran polymers, substituted cranial bone healing and, (Technical Strategy), 5:136–142 7:19–22Dental surgery, nasolaryngeal ventilation with reinforced Diabetes, as main risk factor in head and neck reconstructive laryngeal mask in (Clinical Note), 9:383–387 surgery with free flaps (Technical Strategy),Dentigerous cyst, after distraction osteogenesis of mandible 19:1080–1084 (Clinical Notes), 18:1349–1352 Diced bone grafts wrapped in Surgicel, use in augmentationDentistry, implants in (Book Review), 9:96 of maxillofacial area, 19:1140–1445Dentoalveolar fracture, tooth displacement to maxillary Diabetes, brain abscess by mycotic and bacterial infection in sinus cavity (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:1187–1189 (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:578–583Dentoalveolar osteotomy, bone fixation of, polyethylene Diabetes mellitus, critical-size defects in rats with, insulin- ribbon for, 11:537 like growth factor type 1 and, 6:218–222Dentoskeletal malformations, reference planes in diagnosis Diagnosis, 9:572 and therapeutic planning for, 11:31–38 Diagnostic imaging methods, Kimura disease, (ClinicalDepressed nose deformity, use of calcium phosphate cement Notes), 18:1063–1064 paste for correction of (Brief Clinical Notes), Diagnostic medical imaging, computed tomography in, 16:327–331 cartographic mapping of skull from (ScientificDepression, untreated or undiagnosed, risk of (Clinical Foundation), 5:188–194 Notes), 17:1072–1075 Diagnosis of microcystic adnexal carcinoma (ClinicalDermabond, application technique, improved esthetic Notes), 16:53–58 results with fine-tip (New Surgical Strategy), Differences between anthropometric and cephalometric 15:890–892 measurement of adult face, 10:18–26Dermal fat grafting to lip and perinasal areas (Original Differential diagnosis, of bilateral parotid voluminous Articles), 18:753 masses: case report (Clinical Notes), 15:165–169Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans of face, surgical Differentiation factors in bone induction in craniofacial management of (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:439–442 surgery, 1:154Dermasanding, manual, in treatment of periorbital wrinkles Difficult feeding in cleft palate, Playtex Nurser modification (Brief Clinical Note), 19:812–816 for (Technical Strategy), 9:271–274Dermatography, as adjunctive treatment of uni- and bilateral Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance, use of, in empyema scars in combination with pseudo-hair formation after cranioplasty (Literature Scans), 15:1066 after craniosurgery (Clinical Strategies), 15:270– Digastric muscle abnormalities, in the submental triangle 273 (Original Articles), 18:774 Digastric muscle, vascular anatomy of (Special Issue: Technical Strategies), 15:114–117 47
  • 48. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERYDigital compression of carotid artery (Brief Clinical Notes), internal calvarial bone, in rabbits with experimental 16:1130–1131 coronal suture immobilization (ScientificDigital hospital and the digital chart (Editorial), 15:539– Foundation), 5:318 540 intraoral, of patient with premaxilla agenesis (BriefDigital imaging, 11:10–16 Clinical Notes), 16:500–503Digital markings in evaluating early osteotomies for mandibular scaphocephaly, 7:96–101 effect of, on temporomandibular joint canine study on,Digital subtraction angiography, donor site, before 6:358–362 mandibular reconstruction with fibula free flap clinical study on, 6:364–367 (Clinical Strategy), 12:608–612 geometric evaluation of (Clinical Note), 6:395–400Digital world, JCS and (Editorial), 10:1–2 for glossoptosis-micrognathic association, 9:127–Digitizer, backlighted, for craniofacial measurements, 129 reliability and validity of, 8:222–227 maximal, reactivation of mandibular lengtheningDimple in repaired cleft lip, functional reconstruction of device for (Technical Strategy), 6:412–413 (Clinical Notes), 18:1343–1348 multiplanar, 9:322–329Diplopia in orbital floor fractures, rounding of inferior controlled, 9:504–513 rectus muscle, on coronal CT, for prediction of mandibular, evolution of treatment protocols in (Clinical Notes), 18:127–132 hemifacial microsomy and (Original Article),Direct current stimulation of coronal suture in rab bits, 16:563–571 8:360–365 for midface and cranial vault deformities inDirect high-flow shunt (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1130– craniosynostosis (Symposium), 10:282 1131 or induction in future of bone grafting (Editorial), 5:279Direct puncture scintigraphy, for venous malformations of orbit (Symposium), 10:281 (Special Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:729– techniques of, in facial and reconstructive surgery 735 (Correspondence), 10:99Disappearing bone disease (Clinical Note), 6:332–336 unilateral vertical, of mandibular ramus, reliability ofDisaster and surgeons’ response (Special Editorial), distraction vector transfer in (Clinical 19:563–565 Experience), 16:15–22Discontinuity defects of mandible, reconstruction of, vertical. See Vertical distraction osseointegrated implants in cranial bone grafts for vertical mandibular ramus, microsurgical and strength (Technical Strategy), 4:51–57 evaluation of regenerate tissue duringDislocation consolidation period after vertical mandibular anterior, of right styloid process, basicranium ramus distraction (Experimental Study), malformation with, causing stylalgia (Brief 16:805–811 Clinical Notes), 16:418–420 Distraction, bone, continuous, in minipig model (Literature chronic recurrent, temporomandibular joint, Scan), 12:101 inappropriate treatments in (Brief Clinical Distraction, craniofacial, internal, with biodegradable Notes), 16:449–451 devices (Clinical Note), 11:354–366DISO. See Distraction-assisted in situ osteogenesis (DISO) Distraction-assisted in situ osteogenesis (DISO),Dissecting distraction osteogenesis, in vitro method for reconstruction of #7 facial cleft with (Original (Scientific Studies), 16:71–79 Articles), 16:1023–1032Distraction Distraction device, custom-made, for experimental cranial, for plagiocephaly, quantitative morphologic mandibular distraction osteogenesis (Brief Clinical analyses of cranium using three-dimensional Notes), 16:675–682 computed tomography and life-size model (Brief Distraction of human mandible, volumetric assessment of Clinical Notes), 16:688–692 (Scientific Foundations), 15:745–750 craniofacial, temporal articular tubercle as support of Discussion, 15:751 (Technical Strategy), 9:267–270 mandibular, osteogenesis by sagittal split osteotomy of craniofacial skeleton (Book Review), 10:265–266 and intraoral curvilinear distraction (Technical in facial and reconstructive surgery (Symposium), Strategies), 15:631–635 9:285–299 surgery, neonatal, for micrognathia reduces obstructive of facial skeleton, future domain distractor for (Technical apnea and the need for tracheotomy (Technical Strategy), 6:414–416 Strategies), 15:623–630 of frontal bone outside cranial plane (Technical transmaxillary osteogenesis, combined with orthopedics Strategy), 4:177–181 and orthodontics in the correction of a severe gradual retrusion of the upper bone lengthening of human mandible by, 2:164A maxilla (Technical Strategies), 15:785–791 for mandibular lengthening, 3:46 Distraction implants in alveolar ridge augmentation (Literature Scan), 12:10048
  • 49. SUBJECT INDEXDistraction-lengthening, mandibular, in hypoplastic with endoscopy in canine midface advancement model mandible, tongue aplasia and, 5:305 development, 9:423–432Distraction mesenchymogenesis for severe mandibular experimental mandibular, custom-made distraction device hypoplasia (Clinical Note), 12:337–348 for (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:675–682Distraction osteogenesis (DO) experience with in Atlanta (Symposium), 10:274–275 additional, after conventional fronto-orbital in Chicago (Symposium), 10:275–276 advancement (Sugical Strategies), 16:1064– in Mexico City (Symposium), 10:276–277 1069 in San Francisco (Symposium), 10:275 accurate, imaging neonatal mandible for, 12:26–30 external maxillary, anesthetic concerns of (Special Issue: bidirectional transport, for treatment of TMJ ankylosis Technical Strategies), 15:78–81 and facial asymmetry (Clinical Note), 19:732– facial deformities, alternative treatment for (Technical 739 Strategies), 17:992–997 bilateral vertical ramus mandibular, on TMJ (Anatomic of free interpositional membranous bone, 10:123–126 Studies), 18:155–162 commentary on, 10:128 discussion on, 18:163–164 fronto-facial monobloc advancement with Rigid External biomechanics of (Symposium), 10:268 Distraction (RED-II) system (Special Issue: bone grafting and, use of, amniotic band sequence Technical Strategies), 15:54–59 (Technical Strategies), 15:347–351 in frontofacial osteotomies (Technical Strategy), 8:308– bone transport, for reconstruction of mandibular bone 317 and soft-tissue defect (Technical Experiences), fronto-orbital advancement using "floating forehead" for 18:1397–1402 syndromic craniosynostosis (Clinical in children with craniosyntostosis (Brief Clinical Experiences), 17:497–505 Notes), 17:557–560 in hemifacial microsomia, combined simultaneous in children with craniosyntostosis Le Fort III for (Clinical Note), 12:253–258 (Clinical Notes), 17:28–39 for hemifacial microsomia in growing child (Symposium), consolidation after, determining optimal time for, 9:289, 9:290–291 11:430–436 at high speed, role of guided bone regeneration principle coronal suture response to, 10:27–37 in preventing fibrous healing in: experimental of costochondral neomandible, fibrous ankylosis after study in rabbit mandibles (Original Articles), (Clinical Note), 12:469–474 15:916–921 cranial vault, gradual, for treatment of craniofacial of human craniofacial skeleton, 6:477 synostosis, complications associated with with new distraction system, 6:368–374 (Clinical Note), 14:526–528 intraoral and early surgery for TMJ ankylosis (Technical of cranial vault for treatment of craniofacial synostosis Strategies), 18:212–217 (Clinical Notes), 15:135–144 intraoral, unilateral mandibular ramus elongation by craniofacial, en bloc (Clinical Note), 11:246–251 (Surgical Strategies), 16:247–254 (Commentary), 11:252–253 internal forehead, for unilateral coronal synostosis, of craniofacial bone in bone regeneration, 10:308–311 10:467 craniofacial bones by bone scintigraphy, new bone for juvenile arthritis (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:387–390 formation in (Orthognathic Surgery Continued), LeFort III advancement, with and without (Original 18:1236–1241 Articles), 17:536–543 for craniofacial microsomia in adults, effect of calcium Le Fort III osteotomies and (Anatomical Study), 11:197– sulfate pellets on early bone mineralization in 202 (Original Article), 18:1309–1321 (Discussion), 11:406 craniofacial (Symposium), 10:268–282 after Le Fort III osteotomy, “cat’s cradle” midfacial craniomaxillofacial, monobloc, in newborn with severe fixation in (Surgical Strategies), 15:946–952 craniofacial synostosis (Technical Strategy), in Le Fort III osteotomy, internal, with biodegradable 6:421–423 devices (Clinical Note), 12:264–272 of craniosynostosis, cranial growth after, 19:45–55 without Le Fort osteotomy through transfacial pin in craniosynostosis syndromes involving midface and (Symposium), 10:279 orbit, 9:100–112, 9:119–122 of mandible, dentigerous cyst after (Clinical Notes), delivery of agents to bone during, device for, 12:19–25 18:1349–1352 dental eruption after, maxillary advancement and of mandible with internal bioresorbable device (Surgical (Symposium), 10:280–281 Strategies), 14:791–796 dissecting, in vitro method for (Scientific Studies), of the mandible, role of bone morphogenetic proteins 16:71–79 BMP-2 and BMP-4 and their related dove tail osteotomy in, costochondral bone grafts in the postreceptor signaling system (Smads) in (Basic mandible: new concept (Technical Strategies), Science), 15:714–718 15:329–334 mandibular, 7:404–406 49
  • 50. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY age and (Symposium), 10:272–273 mandibular, rhBMP-2/collagen implant during articulation and velopharyngeal function after, osteotomy phase of (Experimental Study), 7:186–191 17:80–83 devices for (Symposium), 10:272 for mandibular reconstruction in previously irradiated at different rates in rabbit model, effects of rhBMP-2 areas, efficacy of (Clinical Note), 19:1571–1576 on (Scientific Foundation) mandibular, spring-mediated (Experimental Study), Discussion, 17:109–110 14:756–762 bone-grafted, 11:350–353 mandibular lengthening by, in rabbits, 5:313 effect of, on cleft jaw deformity (Technical Strategies), for mandibular symphyseal defects (Literature Scan), 17:962–969 6:260 experience with (Symposium), 10:268–269 manible distraction using internal device (Original growth after (Symposium), 10:269 Article), 18:29–38 growth factors in (Basic Research), 10:80–85 maxillary in hemifacial microsomia, 10:202–212 (Commentary), 11:295 hemifacial microsomia treated by, growth pattern in, bone formation in pterygoid region after (Clinical 10:480 Note), 12:109–117 historical perspective and future directions of (Discussion), 12:118 (Literature Scan), 10:462 in cleft lip and palate, 10:117–121 intraoral, experience with (Symposium), 10:271 commentary on, 10:329 intraoral devices in (Symposium), 10:270–271 in cleft patients laterognathism during, treatment of (Symposium), facial profile after (Symposium), 10:281 10:270 velopharyngeal changes after, 10:312–320 mathematical model for (Scientific Foundation), commentary on, 10:321–322 7:465–469 for craniofacial dysplasia (Clinical Note), 12:458– and microsurgical reconstruction, simultaneous, for 463 facial asymmetry (Scientific Foundation), 7:469– with skeletal anchorage (Clinical Note), 11:120–127 472 two-dimensional mathematical model of (Scientific multiplanar, 9:322–329, 11:83–95 Foundation), 11:312–317 orthognathic surgery or (Symposium), 10:273–274 maxillary advancement with internal distraction device planning of, growth and relapse in (Symposium), in cleft palate patients (Technical Experience), 10:273 18:177–185 preoperative planning for (Symposium), 10:270 maxillary, longitudinal cephalometric analysis after in Pruzansky grade III mandibles (Symposium), (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:683–687 10:273 maxillary, longitudinal cephalometric analysis after vector of device placement and trajectory of, 8:473– (Discussion), 19:1190 480 maxillary and midface, three-dimensional surgical widening by (Symposium), 10:270 planning for (Original Article), 14:833–839 in the management of severe maxillary hypoplasia in maxillary, promotion of new bone formation in, role of CLP patients, 19:1119–1214 TEOM in, 19:80–87 mandibular alveolar, use of 3D CT in study of (Clinical in maxillofacial region, experimental study of, 8:187–193 Studies), 17:492–496 with mid-face advancement, respiratory outcome of: mandibular, bony consolidation in, bone regenerative comparison of Le Fort III and frontofacial effect of chitosan microsphere-encapsulated monobloc (Clinical Notes), 17:880–882 growth hormone on, in dog model (Scientific of midface, expressive language development and Foundations), 15:299–311 (Clinical Note), 12:69–72 Discussion, 15:312–313 for midface hypoplasia, sleep apnea and (Clinical Note), mandibular defect and maxillofacial deformity 12:73–77 reconstruction, (Surgical Techniques), midfacial 18:1133–1137 case reports in (Symposium), 10:279–280 mandibular, of dog model, bone regenerative effect of in cleft patients, facial profile after (Symposium), growth hormone on consolidation in (Original 10:281 Articles), 14:417–425 monobloc, measurement and monitoring of, using three- mandibular, in hemifacial microsomia, longitudinal dimensional computed tomography rendered results of (Scientific Foundation), 14:924–933 images with ‘biporion-dorsum sellae’ plane, mandibular, internal, correction of upper airway precision and reproducibility of (Brief Clinical obstruction in newborn with (Technical Notes), 16:430–434 Strategy), 14:493–499 monobloc, measuring and monitoring of, use of 3-D CT mandibular for neonates with PRS, 19:1237–1243 images with ‘‘biporion-dorsum sellae’ ’ plane mandibular, in rat (Scientific Foundation), 12:175–18250
  • 51. SUBJECT INDEX in comparison of measurements before and after elongation by (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:421– distraction, 19:369–376 429monoblock and facial bipartition, with internal devices TMJ ankylosis (Clinical Note), 10:244–251 possible treatment protocol for (Brief Clinical Notes),monobloc, in pediatric patients with severe syndromal 17:605–610 craniosynostosis (Clinical Studies), 15:990– TDO and MDA for, comparison of (Surgical 1000 Strategies), 17:516–522 Discussion, 15:1001 transcutaneous mandibular, feasibility of using internalmultiplanar, of fibula free flaps (Clinical Notes), 17:883– device (Surgical Strategies), 17:337–339 888 transoral, of unrepaired bilateral alveolar cleft (Clinicalmultivector, in shortening of mandibular linear distance Note), 10:369–374 (Basic Mechanical Research), 12:505–514 transportfor obstructive sleep apnea (Symposium), 10:280 condylar reconstruction and, 10:271–272for oral-acral syndrome, 9:123–126 mandibular condyle reconstruction using, 8:48–53for oronasal fistula closure in irradiated palate for traumatic maxillofacial deformities (Clinical Notes), (Discussion), 12:500 17:431–437 (Technical Strategies, Ideas, and Innovations), two-jaw (Symposium), 10:279 12:495–499 unilateral frontal distraction, hybrid of, andorthodontic management of (Symposium), 10:278–279 supraorbital reshaping in correction oforthodontic tooth movement and (Scientific unilateral coronal synostosis (Technical Foundation), 9:564–571 Strategies), 15:953–959osteotomy, for midfacial advancement, sutural distraction in vitro analysis of osteogenesis (SDO) versus (Clinical Notes), (Discussion), 11:308–311, 11:509–510 16:537–548 (Scientific Foundation), 11:303–307for oxycephaly, three-dimensional cranial expansion in young patient (Symposium), 10:271 using, 14:29–36 Distraction palatal (Clinical Notes) role of nerve growth factor and successful, critical fact for: normal palatal sutures in brain-derived neurotrophic factor in inferior newborns and fetuses (Original Article), alveolar nerve regeneration in (Clinical Review), 14:457–461 14:859–865 rigid external, of midface with direct wiring of distractionpanel on (Symposium), 10:277–278 unit in patients with craniofacial dysplasiaof radiation-induced orbitozygomatic hypoplasia, (Surgical Strategies), 14:783–785 19:678–683 Distraction, resorbable, of mandible, 19:637–643rigid external device for, fall on, injury from (Clinical Distraction technique for scaphocephaly (Clinical Review), Note), 12:237–241 11:172–176for severe maxillary hypoplasia in childhood and Distraction vector transfer, reliability of, in unilateral adolescence, 8:181–186 vertical distraction of mandibular ramus (Clinicalfor severe mandibular deformities in hemifacial Experience), 16:15–22 microsomia, 8:422–430 Dizygotic twins, concordant contralateral lambdoidal (Correspondence), 9:130 synostosis in (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:435–438submerged distractor in (New Ideas and Innovations), DL-polylactic acid biodegradable plates and screws, use of 11:59–61 in rabbits, experimental studies of (Scientificsuccessful, of mandible in hemifacial microsomia, Foundation), 4:223–227 determinants of, from longitudinal results, DO. See Distraction osteogenesis (DO) (Clinical Notes), 16:549–558 Doctor-patient relationship, ethics and (Special Editorial),surgically assisted orthopedic protraction of maxilla in 11:8–9 cleft lip and palate patients (Symposium), Dog model, bone regenerative effect of, on consolidation in 10:280 mandibular distraction osteogenesis of (Originalsutural, versus osteotomy distraction osteogenesis Articles), 14:417–425 (ODO) for midfacial advancement (Clinical Dogs, histomorphometric and densitometric evaluation of Notes), 16:537–548 effects of platelet-rich plasma on remodeling of, inthree-dimensional finite element analysis of mandible (Experimental Design), 16:150–154 and temporomandibular joint during vertical Donor site for fibula free flap, angiography of, before ramus elongation by (Scientific Studies), mandibular reconstruction (Clinical Strategy), 16:586–593 12:608–612three-dimensional finite element analysis of mandible Donor site morbidity of rib graft harvesting in primary and temporomandibular joint on simulated alveolar cleft bone grafting (Brief Clinical Notes), occlusal forces before and after vertical ramus 16:335–338 51
  • 52. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERYDonors, FDA/AATB-screened, composition of human periosteum, and adjacent bone on healing of cranial cortical allograft bone derived from (Scientific osteonecrosis, roles of (Scientific Foundations), Studies), 16:579–585 14:371–379Doppler sonography, for evaluation of venous anastomosis (Discussion), 380–382 (Special Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:772– skull regeneration following subtotal craniectomy 778 for craniosynostosis and, 4:85–88Doppler ultrasonography, transcranial, in cranio- tear of, growing skull fractures and, 6:103–112 Synostosis (Clinical Note), 10:260–262 Dura mater commentary on, 10:337 endoscopic dissection of, craniotomy and (ScientificDorsal nasal artery, importance of anatomical features in flap Foundation), 9:154–161 design (Clinical Notes), 17:864–868 rat coronal suture closure and, 8:262–272Dorsal nasal augmentation, with rib cartilage graft (Brief rat cranial sutures and (Literature Scan), 10:170 Clinical Notes), 18:1457–1462 regional, differentially regulates osteoblast geneDouble computed tomography scan procedure, for obtaining expression (Scientific Foundations), 14:363– three-dimensional augmented virtual skull model 370 (Original Articles), 18:533–539 Dura mater reconstruction, pericranial flap for (Brief ClinicalDouble cross lip flap and embolization and total resection Notes), 17:584–590 and, following huge arteriovenous malformation Dura maters, anterolateral thigh flap with fascia lata for extending from lower lip to chin (Brief Clinical reconstruction (Original Article), 18:1305–1308 Notes), 16:443–448 Dural graftsDouble-opposing Z-plasty, for correction of midline cervical harvesting, simple method for, 6:255 web (Surgical Strategies), 14:774–778 infant, osteogenic potential of, in different recipient bedsDove tail osteotomy, in distraction osteogenesis of (Scientific Foundation), 6:489 costochondral bone grafts in the mandible: new Dural repair, with grafts using gastrointestinal anastomosis concept (Technical Strategies), 15:329–334 stapler, 19:1053–1056Down’s syndrome, face in, surface anatomy of, 12:519–524 Duraplasty in cranial base resection (Technical Note), (Anatomical Landmarks), 12:373–379 2:152–155 (Discussion), 12:380, 12:525 Durometer, hardness of keloids and posttreatment scarsDown’s syndrome, fetal craniofacial growth in, log-linear measurement by, (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1165– allometry of, 6:184–189 1168Down syndrome, soft tissue facial anthropometry in Dust mask, use in ear surgery for auricular protection (Clinical Notes), 15:528–532 (Technical Strategy), 19:1639–1640DP. See Deformational plagiocephaly Dynamic Orthotic Cranioplasty (DOC)Dressing, biologic in burns, 19:923–928 for craniofacial asymmetry, 9:11–19Drill, high-speed, cranial osteotomies with, bone formation for positional plagiocephaly, 5:150–160 analysis after, 8:466–470 Dynamic suspension, secondary, in maxillary reconstructionDrug delivery device, lyophilized bone morphogenetic after radical maxillectomy (Clinical Note), 8:65–72, protein-w, in calvarial defects (Scientific 8:74 Foundation), 9:147–153 Dynamization of processes in plastic surgery (Editorial),Drug delivery systems, biodegradable polymer-based, in 16:947–948 pain management (Scientific Foundation), 17:302– Dysplasia, fibrous, of maxilla, in patient with facial fractures, 313 management of (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1463–Drugs, computer program of (Book Review), 8:438 1464Drug-releasing hard tissue fixation devices, multifunctional Dysplasia hemimaxillofacial, variable presentation of bioabsorbable osteoconductive (Literature Scan), (Clinical Note), 19:1554–1557 19:545–546 Dysesthesia, infraorbital nerve, from cellular phone use afterDrugs, soft palate necrosis and velopharyngeal insufficiency miniplate osteosynthesis (Clinical Note), 12:475– resulting from intranasal inhalation of (Brief 478 Clinical Notes), 18:1482–1486 Dysplasia, cleidocranial (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1122–Dry eye syndrome, surgical treatment of: conjunctival graft 1125 of minor salivary gland (Special Issue: Technical Dysmorphology, anthropometric, preoperative, in metopic Strategies), 15:6–10 synostosis (Literature Scan), 9:412Duct, parotid, interrelated buccal fat pad with (Anatomical Dysostosis, craniofacial, treatment of midface deformity in Strategies), 16:658–660 (Symposium), 9:295–297Duplication of midface (Clinical Note), 5:257–262 Dysplasia, 6:272Dura fibrous, craniofacial, complication of, 9:433–437 endoscopic dissection of, commentary on, 9:248 Dysplasia, fibrous. See Fibrous dysplasia Dystopia52
  • 53. SUBJECT INDEX orbital, in craniofacial malformation, surgical treatment Electromagnetic interactions with backlighted digitizer, of, 8:17–22 8:224, 8:227 sutural, craniofacial clefting and, 2:82–85 Electronic media (Editorial), 7:95Ear displacement, supine sleeping position and, 7:12–17 E-mail, ethics and (Special Editorial), 11:7–8Ear lobe cleft, 7-plasty technique for the surgical treatment Embolization therapeutic bilateral TCCF, vascular of congenital longitudinal, 19:1643–1644 complications after, prevention of (Clinical Notes),Ear, otoplasty, technique, cartilage-sparing complete: 10- 18:74–77 year experience in 100 patients (Clinical Note), Embolization, selective, therapeutic role of, glomus tumors: 14:521–525 therapeutic role of selective embolization (ClinicalEar surgery, auricular protection after, use of dust mask in Notes), 15:497–505 (Technical Strategy), 19:1639–1640 EmbryogenesisEar surgery, auricular protection with door knob cover after of cleft lip and palate (Clinical Note), 11:561 (Technical Experiences), 18:1416–1418 of oculo-auriculo-vertebral syndrome (Clinical Note),Eccrine spiradenoma, malignant, of scalp (Clinical Note), 11:546 19:1608–1612 Embryogenesis of coronal suture, apoptotic cell deathEcthyma contagiosum. See Giant orf during, 8:441–445Ectodermal dysplasia (ED) Embryology of bilateral cleft (Clinical Note), 11:137–167 osseointegration and guided bone regeneration in Emesis, postoperative, prophylactic ondansetron for patients with (Original Article), 18:1296–1304 (Clinical Experience), 10:45–48 saddle nose deformity correction in, (Brief Clinical Emphysema, severe subcutaneous, and pneumomediastinum Notes), 18:1179–1182 associatd with minor maxillofacial trauma (ClnicalEctopic frontal sinus mucocele, delayed development of, Note), 14:880–883 after pediatric cranial trauma (Clinical Note), Encephalocele(s) 6:327–331 of anterior cranial fossa (Literature Scan), 7:488Ectopic salivary gland, cervical tumor by (Clinical Note), frontoethmoidal 11:394–397 abortive subtype of (Case Report), 10:149–154Ectopic thyroid gland, submandibular (Brief Clinical management of, 10:135–139 Notes), 17:1194–1198 frontonasal, congenital brain tumor associated withEctrodactyly in Crouzon’s disease, 5:221 (Clinical Note), 6:386–389Ectopion, cicatricial, of Tessier III cleft, composite Z plasty giant congenital nevocellular nevus overlying (Clinical for (Special Issue: Technical Strategies), 15:51–53 Note), 7:376–383Ectropion following extended open reduction and internal occipital fixation of orbital fractures, 3:134–136, 3:138 craniofacial correction of, 4:215–222Edentulous Le Fort fracture, 8:298–306 large, surgical correction of, 2:162AEdentulous maxilla, tooth fragment of, cutaneous sinus tract sphenoethmoidal, midline cleft syndrome with (Clinical from (Clinical Note), 11:254–257 Note), 2:38–41Editorial Note, 14:127 surgery for, bioabsorbable fixation devices in, 8:110–Education, surgical, mental training in (Literature Scans), 114 18:1504–1505 temporal, giant cystlike, craniofacial reconstruction ofEducational value of archives and cumulative index of (Clinical Note), 10:435–438 published material (Special Editorial), 19:1438– Encephalocele, frontoethmoidal, reconstruction of, 12:6–18 1439 Encephalocele, frontoethmoidal, surgical treatment of,Eggshell, resorption kinetics of (Scientific Foundation), 11:342–345 12:53–58 Encephalomeningocele, frontoethmoidalElbow bony defect in, spontaneous closure of (Case Report), in Crouzon’s disease, 5:220–221 10:149–154 in syndromic craniosynostosis, 9:201–205 giant, craniofacial correction of, 10:111–116Elderly patient, successful free osteocutaneous scapular flap one-stage extracranial repair and reconstruction for, transfer for mandibular reconstruction in (Special 2:127–134 Issue: Technical Strategies), 15:92–97 Encephalocele, surgical correction in patient with MMDElective Neurosurgical Cases, prospective errors (Literature (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:1004–1009 Scan), 18:1244 Edentulous mandible, inferior alveolar nerve in, course andElective orbital osteotomies, prophylactic lacrimal description of (Anatomic Studies), 16:6–9 intubation for protection of nasolacrimal apparatus Efficient, system has to work both ways to be (Editorial), during (Technical Note), 2:47–50 16:515–516Electrical burns, of upper extremity in pediatric population, Elution, antibiotic, from hydroxyapatite cement cranioplasty 19:1040–1046 materials (Clinical Notes), 16:228–233Electrocautery instruments for bicoronal incisions, 9:344– Embolization, and surgery for intraosseous AVMs of 347 mandible (Brief Clinical Note), 19:816–819 53
  • 54. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERYEmbolization, total resection and double cross lip flap and, Endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS), in management of following huge arteriovenous malformation sphenoethmoid mucocele (Technical Experience), extending from lower lip to chin (Brief Clinical 19:766–771 Notes), 16:443–448 Endoscopic transtemporal multilayer upper midface liftEmbryo, cultured mouse, craniofacial anomalies of, induced (MUM-lift), video-assisted (Technical Strategies), by inhibition of sonic hedgehog signaling, animal 16:267–276 model of holoprosencephaly and (Scientific Endoscopy Studies), 16:80–88 for benign tumor ablation of forehead/brow, 8:176–180Eminectomy, mini-invasive modified technique of, for in complex midfacial fracture repair, 8:170–175 treatment of chronic recurrent TMJ (Techincal craniectomy using, for sagittal craniosynostosis Experience), 19:510–512 correction (Literature Scan), 9:411–412Eminoplasty, modified, for treatment of TMJ CRD (Clinical for craniosynostosis, 19:128–131 Note), 19:1275–1280 in craniofacial surgery (Special Editorial), 8:158Emphysema, severe cervicofacial subcutaneous, associated dissection of dura with, craniotomy and (Scientific with Munchausen’s syndrome (Brief Clinical Foundation), 9:154–161 Notes), 16:661–663 with distraction osteogenesis in canine midfaceEmphysema, subcutaneous, recurrent, of face and periorbital advancement model development, 9:423–432 area (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:235–237 in dural dissection, commentary on, 9:248EMSEN, with medpor grafts, for correction of crooked nose excision of forehead osteoma by (Technical Strategy), (Technical Strategy), 19:216–226 6:516Encephalocele in extradural dissection of anterior skull base, 8:454– frontoethmoidal 459 huge, craniofacial reconstruction after primary in facial and reconstructive surgery, techniques of neurosurgical repair (Clinical Note), 19:171–174 (Correspondence), 10:99 treatment and outcome (Clinical Note), 19:175–183 in facial and reconstructive surgery (Symposium),Encephalocele, heminasal proboscis with (Brief Clinical 9:285–299 Notes), 16:301–305 intracranial, application of, to pituitary surgery (SurgicalEncephaloceles, sincipital, Filipinos with, incidence of Strategies), 16:812–818 hypertelorism in (Original Article), 18:268–273 for intrauterine cleft lip repair with microclip in lambs,Encephalomeningocele frontonasal, reconstruction, new 6:126–131 approach assisted with medpor (Brief Clinical navigator system guided intraoral approach for Note), 19:537–539 remodeling of mandibular condyle in GarréEndochondral demineralized bone matrix as implants for syndrome (Technical Experiences), 18:1410– osseous defects, 10:177–184 1415Endonasal surgery, importance of anatomic landmarks of for repair of orbital blow-out fractures (Anatomical ethmoidal arteries in (Anatomic Studies), 17:280– Study), 19:271–276 285 transcranial, as alternative to craniotomy in skull baseEndoscope surgery (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:155–157 approaching zygoma with (Technical Strategy), 6:519 use in transconjunctival decompression of traumatic facial skeletal surgery with, using neuronavigator, optic neuropathy (Original Article), 18:19–26 7:326–332 discussion on, 18:27–28nasofrontal disjunction by in pterygomaxillary disjunction for Le Fort I osteotomy, (Technical Strategy), 6:510 7:111–116 percutaneous sinus surgery by, for frontal sinusitis orEndoscopic approach, supraorbital, to tumors of anterior cyst (Clinical Note), 6:502 cranial base, application of (Surgical Strategies), in plastic surgical procedures in pediatric patient, 16:1070–1075 8:164–169Endoscopic-assisted transfacial approach, for surgical, in exploration of congenital trismus (Clinical esthesioneuroblastoma (ENB), (Original Articles), Note), 10:375–379 18:1034–1037 transnasal transseptal, for sphenoid sinus, 8:159–163Endoscopic brow lift surgery, bioabsorbable suspension commentary on, 8:328–329 screw and suture system for, in vitro characteristics transnasal, for choanal atresia (Clinical Note), 19:1270– of (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:429–436 1274Endoscopic excision Endoscopy, assistance in removal of foreign body in of a nasoglabellar dermoid: case report (Technical condylar process (Special Issue: Technical Strategies), 15:473–477 Strategies), 15:98–101 excision of frontozygomatic dermoid cysts (Technical Endoscopy, excision of submandibular gland by, intraoral Strategies), 15:618–622 approach to (Technical Strategy), 12:299–303Endoscopic microneurosurgery: usefulness and cost- Endoscopy in transglabellar approach to anterior fossa and effectiveness (Literature Scan), 19:1431 paranasal sinuses, 11:412–41754
  • 55. SUBJECT INDEXEndosseous dental implants, evaluation of alveolar ridge Epidermolysis bullosa, cleft lip and cleft palate closure in bend and length in upper and lower jaws in 13 month-old female with (Brief Clinical Notes), anthropological skulls for planning, 2:101–108 16:843–846Endosteal implants, insertion of, need for knowledge on Epidural space, venous bleeding in, fibrin glue for stopping mandibular canal and its anatomic variations of (Literature Scan), 19:546–547 (Clinical Studies), 17:487–491 Epignathus, patient with: management of largeEndotracheal intubation in airway management for midface oropharyngeal teratoma in newborn (Original fractures, 8:201–206 Article), 14:468–472Engineered bone repair of cranial defects Epiphora in frontoethmoidal meningoencephalocele, 2:3 (Discussion), 12:594–595 Epithelial cyst, squamous, intraorbital, complicating (Frontiers in Surgery), 12:586–593 Silastic implantationEnnison-Randall and Millard techniques, in TAN repair of (Clinical Note), 9:452–455 unilateral cleft lips (Technical Strategies), 18:186– commentary on, 9:456–458 197 Epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma (EMC), in minorEnophthalmos salivary gland of hard palate (Brief Clinical Note), correction, microsurgical, after silent sinus syndrome 19:1689–1691 (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:454–456 Epithelioid schwannoma, malignant, of mandible and skull posttraumatic, 10:284–299 base, 8:417–420 surgical treatment of (Literature Scan), 6:84 Epithesis, inapplicability of conventional reconstructive in orbital floor fractures, rounding of inferior rectus interventions as indication to, 19:398–405 muscle, on coronal CT, for prediction of e-PTFE membrane, craniectomy defects covered by, sagittal (Clinical Notes), 18:127–132 suture regeneration and (Clinical Note), 11:552 treatment of, by orbital injection of fat autograft Epulis, congenital (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:161–163 (Literature Scan), 6:425 Equibiaxial tensile strain, affects calvarial osteoblastEnophthalmos, bilateral symptomatic, associated with biology (Scientific Foundations), 14:348–355 weight loss, treatment of (Special Issue: Technical E (reversed) M (sided) skin extension (EMSEN) technique Strategies), 15:84–87 for repair of unilateral cleft (Technical Strategy),Enophthalmos, late, mimicking silent sinus syndrome 19:1330–1342 secondary to orbital trauma (Brief Clinical Notes), Esophageal reconstruction, use of radial forearm flap in 16:840–842 (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:382–387Enophthalmos, late posttraumatic, surgical treatment for Esthesioneuroblastoma (ENB), endoscopic-assisted (Clinical Notes), 17:673–679 excision of, (Original Articles), 18:1034–10337Enophthalmos, posttraumatic: etiology, principles of Ethanol, prenatal exposure of adult rats to, craniofacial reconstruction, and correction, 19:351–359 alterations in, 3:181–182Enucleation, intraorbital implants after (Literature Scan), Ethics 10:171–172 craniofacial surgery and (Special Editorial), 11:3–9Environment, postnatal craniofacial growth and (Special (Editorial), 11:1 Communication), 12:205–217 Ethmoid, cemento-ossifying fibroma of, in child presentingEnzyme degradation of growth factors, protection from, with isolated pain in nasal region (Clinical Notes), substituted dextran polymers in, 7:19–22 15:215–217Enzymes, antioxidative, premature suture fusion and, 8:263, Ethmoidal arteries for surgical approaches, anatomic 8:264–268 landmarks of (Anatomic Studies), 17:280–285Eosinophilic angiocentric fibrosis (EAF), clinical and Ethmomaxillary sinus (EMS), MS variation (Clinical Note), histological features of (Special Section: Vascular 19:159–164 Anomalies), 17:812–814 Ethmoidal meningoencephalocele (EMC), 2:2–8Ependymoma of fourth ventricle (Image from Surgery), 8:524, See also Frontoethmoidal meningoencephalocele (EMC) 10:79 Ethmoido-orbital tumors (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1085–Epicanthoplasty, anatomy of lower lacrimal canaliculus 1090 relative to (Anatomic Studies), 16:949–952 Ethnic groups, International Anthropometric Study of facialEpidermal growth factor (EGF) in osseous repair (Scientific morphology in (Original Article), 16:615–646 Foundation), 4:103, 4:106 Ethnicity, clinical importance of, 9:348–358Epidermal inclusion cysts, multiple huge, mistaken as commentary on, 9:359 neurofibromatosis (Brief Clinical Note), 19:1683– Ethylene oxide gas sterilization, osteoinductive potential of 1686 demineralized bone in rats and, 6:195–197Epidermoid cyst Etiology, and patterns of facial fractures in United Arab inclusion, eroding calvarium (Clinical Note), 7:148–150 Emirates (Clinical Notes), 14:78–84 of occipital bone (Clinical Note), 6:161–163 Euclidean distance matrix analysis (EDMA), for analysis of nose shape in Turkish young adults (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:219–224 55
  • 56. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERYEuropean American 3D CT skull images compared with External devices, rigid, treatment of noncomminuted zygoma African American skull images, 9:348–358 fractures with (Surgical Strategies), 16:829–833 commentary on, 9:359 External rigid fixation for condylar fractures during growthEuropean Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery, Journal of (Clinical Note), 10:87–92 Craniofacial Surgery and (Editorial), 12:305–306 Extracellular matrix, Apert and Crouzon syndromes andEvoked potentials, multimodality, in neurophysiological (Clinical Notes), 16:361–368 evaluation in craniostenosis and craniofacial Extracranial approach to frontonasal encephalocele (Clinical stenosis, 8:286–289 Note), 6:386–389Evolution in glycogen storage disease type Ib, unusual oral Extracranial cephalic schwannomas, 10:389–394 manifestations and (Clinical Notes), 16:45–52 Extracranial repair and reconstruction, one-stage, forEwing sarcoma of mandible in child (Brief Clinical Notes), frontoethmoidal encephalomeningocele, 2:127– 16:1140–1145 134Ex vivo gene therapy, for skeletal regeneration in cranial Extractive surgery in osteonecrosis of jaw (ONJ), (Clinical defects compromised by postoperative radiotherapy Notes), 18:1068–1070 (Literature Scans), 15:1067 Extradural dead spaceExecutives, health care (Editorial), 11:73–74 with cranial bone defect, free flap transfers forExenteration, orbit, complete mobilization of cheek zone for obliteration of (Clinical Note), 8:141–145 (Surgical Strategies), 16:823–828 from frontoparietal advancement (Literature Scan),Exercise regimen, postoperative, miniplate fixation of high 10:380 condylar fracture and (Technical Strategies), Extradural tension pneumocephalus after posterior cranial 16:113–116 vault remodeling (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:504–Exophthalmos, fronto-orbital leptomeningeal cyst 507 manifested with (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:668–671 External ear, in children with CLP, anthropometry ofExophthalmos in Graves disease, surgical approach to (Anatomical Study), 19:1391–1395 commentary on, 9:400 Extra-light mask, SHIELD, for soccer players (Technical (Technical Strategy), 9:394–399 Experience), 19:772–776 and eyelid deformities in patients with severe thyroid Extraocular muscles ophthalmopathy, correction of, 19:628–636 innervation features of (Anatomic Studies), 18:1439–Exostoses in Proteus syndrome (Clinical Note), 6:151–159 1446Expanders, tissue, for induction of facial skeletal growth vascularization of, (Surgical Techniques), 18:1125– (Technical Note), 2:42–46 1131Expanding hematoma, chronic, in temporal region (Brief Extraoral implants, facial defect treatment with, (Clinical Clinical Notes), 16:158–160 Notes), 18:1086–1090Expansion device, mandibular, effect of, on Extraoral implants, for maxillofacial prosthetic temporomandibular joint rehabilitation, 19:398–405 canine study on, 6:358–362 Extraparotid localization of WTs (EPWT), (Brief Clinical clinical study on, 6:364–367 Notes), 18:1182–1184Expansion of maxillary sinus, experimental, 5:11–15 Extratemporal facial nerve, intraneural topography ofExperimental mandibular distraction osteogenesis, custom- (Anatomic Studies), 18:578–585 made distraction device for (Brief Clinical Notes), Extremities, chronic wounds and grossly deformed, therapy 16:675–682 for (Special Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:783–Experimental model for osteopromotive materials in 789 craniomaxillofacial bone defect healing, 9:310–316 Extremities, deformities, with bilateral cleft lip and palateExperimental snout growth, factors related to (Scientific (Clinical Note), 11:388–393 Foundation), 19:1308–1314 Extremities, large melanocytic nevi in, management ofExpert witness (Book Review), 10:461 (Special Section: Giant Congenital Nevus),Expression profiling, of ameloblastic carcinoma (Clinical 16:877–885 Notes), 15:264–269 ExtremityExtended open reduction and internal fixation of orbital lower, reconstruction of, skeletal distraction vs bone fractures, soft-tissue alterations with, 3:134–140 grafting in (Symposium), 9:286Extensive sphenoethmoid mucocele, endoscopic upper, reconstruction of, endoscopic techniques in management of (Technical Experience), 19:766–771 (Symposium), 9:286External auditory canal reconstruction, ultrathin fibrosopic Extremity(ies), lower, vascular anatomy of, in mandibular evaluation of, 9:228–233 reconstruction with fibula free flap (ClinicalExternal carotid artery (ECA) Strategy), 12:608–612 branches supplying to medial pterygoid muscle, Eyebrow position, after endotine tissue fixation vs. suture topography of (Anatomical Study), 19:795–799 fixation, comparison of (Technical Strategy), front branches of, assessment of origin characteristics of 19:1140–1147 (Anatomical Study), 19:1159–1166 Eye(s). See also Globe; Orbit56
  • 57. SUBJECT INDEX deformities of, in frontoethmoidal meningoen asymmetry of, simultaneous distraction osteogenesis and cephalocele, 2:3 microsurgical reconstruction for (Scientific injury(ies) to Foundation), 7:469–472 with facial trauma, 7:117–121 biomaterials in (Symposium), 10:404–414 secondary to periorbital use of stainless-steel wire bipartition of, surgical planning and correction of and suture (Literature Scan), 6:85 (Clinical Note), 8:318–321 removal of, intraorbital implants after (Literature Scan), bones of 10:171–172 fractures of socket of, contracted, correction of, 10:11–17 cyanoacrylate in (Clinical Note), 8:229–235Eye lens, three-dimensional computed tomography and repair of, traumatic optic neuropathy (Clinical Note), 12:136–140 complicating, 8:352–355Eyelid(s) trauma to, fixation of, with absorbable miniplates, 8:135– asymmetry between, improvement in, 19:669–674 140 cutaneous innervation of lower (Anatomic Study), cleft(s) of 19:1675–1677 in amniotic band disruption, 9:360–365 lower, orbital septum of, CPF relationship with lateral, new in utero model for, 8:460–465 (Anatomic Studies), 17:1118–1120 multiple, 4:148–152 lower, reconstruction with paranasal flap (Brief Clinical (Clinical Note), 4:148–152 Notes), 17:1020–1026 No. 30 (Clinical Note), 5:263–264 paralyzed, immediate, reversible rehabilitation of, 3:181 ocular staphyloma with (Clinical Note), 8:326–327 pediatric, and oral commissure burns, 19:960–969 surgery for, 7:280–283 protection of, in orbital explorations, 1:69 Tessier 7 lateral, in utero repair of (Scientific reconstruction, free flap for (Clinical Notes), 17:864–868 Foundation), 9:557–563 surgery on (Book Review), 10:97 Tessier type VI-VII, associated with congenital trauma, associated with brain abscess (Brief Clinical bimaxillary fusion and anophthalmia, 8:54–57 Notes), 17:182–184 clefts of, oblique, associated with unicoronal synostosis upper and lower, effect of monobloc advancement on he (Clinical Note), 12:227–231 position of, 19:106–109 clefts of, unilateral and bilateral, functional matrix repair upper. See Eyelid, upper of, 11:437–469Eyelid defect reconstruction, frontal island flaps for, congenital infiltrating lipomatosis of (Clinical Note), (Surgical Techniques), 18:1108–1113 10:365–368Eyelid deformities, in patients with severe thyroid contour of, facial expression and (Clinical Note), ophthalmopathy, correction of, 19:628–636 12:167–174Eye patch sandwich technique, for stabilizing intraoral skin deformities of graft to cheek (Technical Experience), 19:1641– in cleidocranial dysplasia, surgical correction of, 1642 6:49–54Eyelid, upper language-normal preschoolers with, maternal perforating pilomatricoma on (Brief Clinical Notes), discourse features used with, 2:190–192 17:372–373 reconstruction of, computerized modeling in skin thickness (Technical Strategy), 9:548–556 effect of aging (Anatomic Studies), 17:474–476 deformity of, pneumosinus dilatans multiplex and in Koreans (Anatomic Studies), 17:54–56 (Clinical Note), 11:487–490 dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans of, surgicalFabrication of nasal packing, armed with ventilation tube management of (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:439– (Technical Strategy), 19:1385–1386 442Face. See also Midface in Down’s syndrome, surface anatomy of, 12:519–524 acromegalic, surgical management of (Clinical Note), (Anatomical Landmarks), 12:373–379 5:336 (Discussion), 12:380, 12:525 aesthetic subunits of, frontotemporal flap for, 10:330– fractures of 336 fixation of, with bone anchors and quick-release aesthetics of, relationships among posture, ligatures, 9:215–221 maxillomandibular denture complex, and soft- Medpor porous polyethylene implants in (Clinical tissue profile and (Scientific Foundation), Note), 4:142–146 11:586 orbital reconstruction in, Silastic implantation for, anterior traction of, using cervical collar (Technical complication of Strategy), 6:406–407 (Clinical Note), 9:452–455 anthropometry of (Book Review), 6:259 commentary on, 9:456–458 realignment of maxillary and mandibular arches in, 10:43–44 57
  • 58. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY repair of, with resorbable plates and screws (Clinical surgical reconstruction of (Book Review), 10:528 Note), 11:377–385 total rehabilitation of, 8:194–199 surgery for, bone anchors in (Technical Strategy), trauma to 7:164–167 ocular injuries with, 7:117–121 treatment priorities for (Clinical Note), 11:97–105 scale for (Scientific Foundation), 7:130–132 growth of upper, midforehead incision as approach to (Technical in children after early facial bipartition (Scientific Strategy), 6:408–411 Foundation), 7:440–448 Face explosion of, severe panfacial fracture with: integrated cranial base in, experimental craniofacial synostosis and multistaged reconstructive procedures syndrome in rabbits and, 2:163–164A (Clinical Note), 14:893–898 pediatric mandibular fractures and, 10:323–328 fracture(s) approaches with landmark ratios to predict gunshot wounds to, postoperative infections in location of infraorbital and supraorbital nerves: (Clinical Experience), 12:362–368 anatomic study (Original Article), 14:473–477 human, anthropological concept of (Clinical Note), (Discussion), 14:478, 14:479–480 5:51–55 etiology and patterns of, in United Arab Emirates injuries to (Clinical Notes), 14:78–84 assessment of (Literature Scan), 6:340 lines, and surgical correction of, allergic tissue reaction compound, middle- and upper-third (Clinical Note), after hyaluronic acid injection in treatment of, 4:153–161 14:197–200 lower-third, 3:90–100 measurements of, and proportions, differences between, in pediatric, in Tehran, 4:21–27 healthy young adults (Scientific Foundations), management of close-range, high-energy shotgun and 14:154–161 rifle wounds to (Clinical Notes), 16:794–804 (Discussion), 14:162–163 modern, evolution of (Clinical Note), 4:40–47 paralysis, in clinical setting, new classification system profile of, after maxillary distraction osteogenesis in cleft for, 14:672–679 patients (Symposium), 10:281 Face, soft tissue, anthropometry in Down syndrome subjects radiographic study of (Clinical Note), 4:162–166 (Clinical Notes), 15:528–532 reconstruction of, after resection of arteriovenous Facelift, approach with a hybrid SMAS rotation malformations using anterolateral thigh advancement flap in parotidectomy for prevention perforator flap (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:851– of scars and contour deficiency affecting the neck 854 and sweat secretion of the cheek (Technical reconstruction of, microsystem in, 5:95–104 Strategies), 15:797–803 rehabilitation of, with osseointegrated craniofacial Facelift, bleeding during, submental perforating artery and implants (Technical Strategy), 9:388–393 (Anatomic Studies), 16:1–2 skeleton of Facial aesthetic sculpturing, 8:194–199 cranial vs iliac bone grafts in, 6:113–119 Facial aesthetics, tip upturning and maxillary advancement: deformity(ies) of the UT angle (Technical Strategy), 19:1387–1390 bioceramics in correction of (Clinical Note), Facial analgesia, lidocaine for, safe dosages of (Clinical 11:470–479 Note), 5:124–126 with malocclusion, one-stage approach to Facial analysis using facial golden mask (Technical (Clinical Note), 11:128–136 Strategies), 18:643–649 dismantling and reassembling of, in craniomaxillofacial Facial asymmetry tumor surgery and functional problems at puberty, caused by condylar (Discussion), 11:326 hyperplasia, 19:406–410 (Scientific Foundation), 11:318–325 in infants (Brief Clinical Note), 19:279–283 endoscopic expansion of, 3:182–183 and TMJ ankylosis, treatment with bidirectional alternative forms of, 6:477 transport DO technique (Clinical Note), experimental expansion of maxillary sinus and, 5:11– 19:732–739 15 Facial bipartition distraction with internal devices (Clinical future domain distractor for (Technical Strategy), Note), 10:244–251 6:414–416 Facial bipartition osteotomy (Technical Strategy), 7:229– growth of, induction of, tissue expanders for 251 (Technical Note), 2:42–46 Facial bone(s) plastic surgery of, 3:119 in Crouzon’s syndrome, frontofacial advancement with skin of, resurfacing of (Book Review), 9:410 free flap for (Clinical Note), 2:33–37 soft tissue fixation in, with use of Micro Mitek Anchor deformities of, associated with hemifacial microsomia, (Technical Strategies), 117–119 2:181–188 surgery on, endoscopic and distraction techniques in tumors of, chrondromyxoid fibroma as, 3:217–222 (Correspondence), 10:9958
  • 59. SUBJECT INDEXFacial bones, craniomaxillofacial, complex-type penetrating Facial hemihyperplasia, isolated (Brief Clinical Note), injuries of (Clinical Notes), 17:442–446 19:279–283Facial buccal branches, interrelated buccal fat pad with Facial-Hypoglossal nerve anastomosis, effect of laser nerve (Anatomical Strategies), 16:658–660 welding on (Experimental Study), 17:687–691Facial burns Facial lipoatrophy (FL) in HIV seropositive patients, cheek pediatric, 19:951–959 augmentation with Bio-Alcamid in (Clinical Note), pediatric, management of, 19:960–969 19:1085–1088Facial cleft, #7, reconstruction of, with distraction-assisted Facial morphology, International Anthropometric Study of, in situ osteogenesis (DISO) (Original Articles), in various ethnic groups/races (Original Article), 16:1023–1032 16:615–646Facial cleft, assessment of surgical outcome in (Clinical Facial muscles Notes), 18:120–126 dermocartilagenous ligament and depressor septi nasi,Facial clefts, surgical classification of rare craniofacial clefts, anatomical and functional relationship between 19:110–112 (Anatomic Studies), 17:286–290Facial contouring, lower, with BoNT type A (Scientific pars marginalis of upper orbicularis oris muscle, Foundation), 19:1613–1617 musculature of (Anatomic Studies), 18:151–154Facial defects procerus muscle, innervation of (Anatomic Studies), reconstruction of, anatomy of supraorbital region and 17:484–486 evaluation for (Clinical Notes), 18:104–112 upper orbicularis oris, innervation of (Anatomic restoration with extraoral implant-supported Studies), 17:1116–1117 prostheses, (Clinical Notes), 18:1086–1090 Facial nervesFacial defects, reconstruction of, anatomy and evaluation of depletion of transverse lines on nasal bridge (Anatomic platysma muscle for (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:463– Studies), 17:484–486 469 and infraorbital nerve, communication of: anatomic andFacial deformity histologic study (Special Issue: Technical in Crouzon syndrome, spectaclesplasty followed by Le Strategies), 15:88–91 Fort I maxillary osteotomy for correction of, mandibular branch and relation of mental nerve with 19:652–658 (Anatomic Studies), 18:165–168 structural fat grafting in complex reconstructive surgery marginal mandibular branch of (MMBFN), localization of (Clinical Note), 19:187–191 (Clinical Notes), 18:137–142Facial difference: beyond the medical issues (Special microsurgical anatomy of (Anatomical Study), 8:6–10 Editorial), 15:541–542 paralysis of, after intratemporal and extratemporal bluntFacial disproportion, complex, one-stage correction of, trauma (Clinical Note), 8:431–436 10:214–220 rat, laser welding of (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1102–Facial esthetic diseases, biomaterial implantation in 1105 (Clinical Note), 19:1098–1103 temporal branch of, and horizontal branch of supraorbitalFacial fractures nerve (Anatomical Strategies), 16:647–650 definitive in-theater repair of, safety of (Literature Scan), temporal branch of, pattern of, in upper orbicular oculi 19:544 muscle (Original Articles), 15:373–376 pediatric, 19:339–349 zygomatic branches of, anatomic guide to localize, and pediatric: current national incidence, distribution, and their relevance to facial surgery (Anatomic health care resource utilization (Discussion), Studies), 17:50–53 19:350 Facial nerve, following of, for proper incision in surgicalFacial fracture, isolated, cost-effective management of approach to subcondylar fractures of mandible (Clinical Notes), 15:636–641 (Technical Experience), 19:496–499 Discussion, 15:642 Facial nerve paralysis (Clinical Notes), 18:844–848Facial fractures, complex, modern surgical treatment of (Brief Facial nerve paralysis, transient, after mandibular sagittal Clinical Notes), 16:727–731 osteotomy (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1110–1114Facial fractures, fascio-subcutaneous extension of free radial Facial nevi, congenital, treatment of (Special Section: Giant forearm flap for frontonasal duct obliteration Congenital Nevus), 16:897–903 (Technical Strategies), 17:1163–1166 Facial orf, (Clinical Notes), 18:1076–1078Facial fractures, with fibrous dysplasia of maxilla, Facial osteosarcoma, fronto-orbital, management of (Brief management of (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1463– Clinical Notes), 16:470–472 1464 Facial osteotomy(ies)Facial Golden Mask, facial analysis using (Technical early, maxillary growth in children after (Scientific Strategies), 18:643–649 Foundation), 7:440–448Facial gunshot wound, contemporary issues in management “ W ing”-shaped, 7:341–345 of, 19:421–427 59
  • 60. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERYFacial osteotomy, subcranial bipartition, glabelar reverse v- reconstruction of dura maters (Original Article), shaped and temporal approaches for (Brief Clinical 18:1305–1308 Notes), 17:147–151 Fascia, temporalFacial paralysis deep, attachment of, to zygomatic arch (Research intratemporal, as complication of condylectomy (Brief Foundation), 10:342–345 Clinical Notes), 16:185–189 flap of, for contracted eye socket and orbitozygomatic orthodromic transportation of temporal muscle for (Brief hypoplasia correction, 10:11–17 Clinical Notes), 16:306–308 Fasciocutaneous flaps, perforator artery based flapFacial paresis, total bilateral irreversible peripheral facial debulking (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:570–572 palsy, procedure for facial rehabilitation after Fascioperiosteal flap in experimental cranial surgery in (Clinical Reports), 18:169–176 porcine model, design and development of (ClinicalFacial profile correction, by concomitant orthognathic Note), 8:501–505 surgery and rhinoplasty, (Orthognathic Surgery Fast-resorbing polymer (FRP), alternate suture material for Continued), 18:1197–1208 craniomaxillofacial applications (Clinical Notes),Facial profile, ideal soft tissue, in Iranian females (Brief 17:40–43 Clinical Notes), 16:508–511 Fat autograft, orbital injection of, treatment of enophthalmosFacial profile soft tissue, of Croatians (Anatomical Study), by (Literature Scan), 6:425 19:251–258 Fat grafting, structural (SFG), in complex reconstructiveFacial prostheses, attachment/stabilization of (Literature surgery (Clinical Note), 19:187–191 Scan), 7:254 Fat padFacial reanimation, by means of hypoglossal nerve: anatomic interrelated buccal, with facial buccal branches and comparison of different techniques (Literature parotid duct (Anatomical Strategies), 16:658– Scan), 19:829 660Facial/jaw reconstruction, autogenous, 4:28–33 superficial temporal, anatomy of temporal hollowing andFacial region, unknown posttraumatic foreign body in, use (Anatomical Strategies), 16:651–654 of 3D CT for early diagnosis of (Brief Clinical superficial temporal, temporal hollowing and (Anatomic Notes), 17:191–194 Study), 16:760–763Facial rejuvenation, cheek augmentation with Bio-Alcamid Fatty acid profile of serum lipids in ten-year-old cleft in facial lipoatrophy in HIV seropositive patients children, school performance, and breast milk (Clinical Note), 19:1085–1088 intake, association between (Clinical Studies),Facial soft tissues, changes after mandibular advancement or 16:764–769 setback, 19:593–598 FDA/AATB-screened donors, composition of humanFacial trauma (Book Review), 16:340 cortical allograft bone derived from (ScientificFaciocraniosynostosis syndromal, with monobloc Studies), 16:579–585 advancement, correction of, effect on palpebral FEE. See Frontoethmoidal encephalocele (FEE) fissure shape, 19:106–109 Feeding, difficult, in cleft palate, Playtex NurserFact and fiction: debunking myths in the US health care modification for (Technical Strategy), 9:271–274 system (Literature Scan), 19:1431–1432 FEEM. See Frontoethmoidal encephalomeningocele (FEEM)Factitious subcutaneous emphysema (Brief Clinical Notes), Feet in Pfeiffer’s syndrome (Clinical Report), 9:83–87 18:235–237 Fertilization procedures inherited Treacher-CollinsFaciocraniosynostosis, distraction osteogenesis en bloc for syndrome in twins after artificial insemination and (Clinical Note), 11:246–251 (Clinical Note), 5:127–129 (Commentary), 11:252–253 Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)Faciocraniosynostosis, treatment for, timing of (Literature craniofacial and oral manifestations of, 2:157 Scan), 6:84 rat model of, 3:181–182Familial lambdoid synostosis (velopharyngeal Fetal alcohol syndrome, mouse embryonic model of insufficiency), 19:850–854 (Scientific Foundations), 16:1055–1063Families, understanding genetics for (Book Review), 16:946 Fetal cephalometry, 2:159Family Fetal craniofacies, morphometric analysis of, by ultrasound, of children with craniofacial anomalies, stress in, 2:9–16. 2:159 See also Psychological aspects of parents of Fetal diagnosis, of cleft lip: natural history and outcomes, children with craniofacial anomalies 19:1195–1198 and genetic study of Apert syndrome, 2:195 Fetal methotrexate exposure, cleft palate and toeFascia allograft, double-fixed, solvent-dehydrated cadaveric, malformations in child with (Clinical Notes), enhanced frontalis sling with, in management of eye 14:747–748 ptosis (Technical Strategies), 15:960–964 Fetal, and postnatal periods, membranous bone healing Discussion, 15:965–966 characteristics in, comparison of: experimentalFascia lata, vascularized, and anterolateral thigh flap for study (Scientific Foundations), 15:314–323 Fetus60
  • 61. SUBJECT INDEX bone healing and rigid fixation in, 6:483 Fibroblast Growth Factor 1 (FGF) in osseous repair coronal suture synostosis in, ultrasonic diagnosis of, (Scientific Foundation), 4:103, 4:106–107 8:252–261 Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor 2 (FGFR2) cranial morphology of, three-dimensional computed activity of, low, in stenosed cranial sutures, Apert’s tomographic evaluation of (Literature Scan), syndrome and (Scientific Foundation), 9:92–95 9:302 gene mutations of craniofacial fixation in, 7:412–417 craniosynostosis and (Scientific Foundation), craniofacial growth in 9:162–170 in Down’s syndrome, log-linear allometry of, 6:184– Pfeiffer’s syndrome from, 9:207–209 189 mutations, among Thai children with Crouzon and Apert normal, log-linear allometry of, 6:190–194 syndromes (Scientific Foundations), 14:101– surgery on 104 for cleft lip with microclip in lambs, 6:126–131 (Discussion), 14:105–107 for craniomaxillofacial malformations (Clinical mutations in, in achondroplasia and Pfeiffer syndrome Report), 9:190–195 (Clinical Note), 9:477–480 wound healing in Fibroblastic growth factor (FGF) receptor, low activity of, in bony, 3:77 stenosed cranial sutures in Crouzon’s disease intrauterine cleft lip repair with microclip in lambs (Clinical Note), 6:245–247 and, 6:126–131 Fibroblast growth factorsFetus, surgery on, ethics and (Special Editorial), 11:6–7 in developing coronal sutures (Eighth Conference of theFGFR mutations, and plagiocephaly (Brief Clinical Note), ISCS), 12:399–400 19:290–291 receptor genes for, in craniosynostosis, sequenceFGFRs gene mutations, Saethre-Chotzen syndrome and analysis of (Scientific Foundation), 12:580– (Clinical Note), 11:480–486 584FGFR2 (fibroblast growth factor receptor 2) release of, extrinsic tension in immature cranial sutures mutation in ophthalmic findings in Apert syndrome, and (Eighth Conference of the ISCS), 12:391– differential effects of (Original Article), 18:39– 398 42 Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs), effect of, polylactide discussion on, 18:459–460 scaffolds on calvarial bone healing (ScientificFGFR2 and TWIST mutations in craniosynostosis syndrome Foundations), 17:935–942 phenotypes, clinical outcome (Brief Clinical Fibrochondrochordosarcoma, clival, transoral approach to, Notes), 17:166–172 3:36–38FGFR/TWIST mutations, mosaicism for, and nonsyndromic Fibroma single suture craniosynostosis (Scientific chrondromyxoid, of zygoma, 3:217–222 Foundations), 18:312–314 juvenile ossifying, of midface (Clinical Note), 10:442–FGFR3 P250R mutation, increase of risk of reoperation in 446 apparent ‘nonsyndromic’ coronal Fibronectin, upregulation in human temporomandibular craniosynostosis from (Anatomic Studies), joint disks with internal derangement (Clinical 16:347–354 Notes), 15:678–683Fiberoptic absorbable plate in facial fracture management Discussion, 15:684–685 (Clinical Note), 11:97–105 Fibrosis, role of guided bone regeneration principle inFiberscope, ultrathin, in external auditory canal evaluation, preventing, in distraction ossteogenesis at high 9:228–233 speed: experimental study in rabbit mandiblesFibrin glue in craniofacial surgery, 1:32 (Original Articles), 15:916–921Fibrin glue, intralesional injection of, for cavernous Fibrous ankylosis after distraction osteogenesis of lymphangioma removal, 11:42–45 costochondral neomandible (Clinical Note),Fibrin glue, reduction of bone resorption by application of, 12:469–474 in reconstruction of alveolar cleft (Technical Fibrous dysplasia (FD) Strategies), 16:105–112 ablation of, reconstruction after, split calvarial bone graftFibrin glue, to stop venous bleeding in epidural space, in (Clinical Note), 7:133–139 vertebral venous plexus, and anterior cavernous of cranial base, optic nerve decompression in, 6:5–14 sinus (Literature Scan), 19:546–547 craniofacialFibroblast growth factor, basic complication of, 9:433–437 in distraction osteogenesis of mandible (Basic Research), nasal-cheek flap for (Clinical Note), 7:140–144 10:80–85 of orbit, 19:1532–1537 osteogenetic activity of recombinant human bone craniomaxillofacial (Clinical Note), 10:155–159 morphogenetic protein and (Scientific of face: utility of three-dimensional modeling and ex situ Foundation), 7:418–424 malar recontouring (Original Articles), 15:909– 915 61
  • 62. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY of forehead/brow, endoscopic ablation of, 8:176–180 Fibular osteoseptocutaneous free flap, mandibular infantile, of mandible (Brief Clinical Notes), 15:1039– reconstruction with (Technical Strategy), 8:512– 1043 521 mandible reconstruction with free fibula flap containing Filipino frontonasal encephalocele patients, incidence of (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1479–1482 hypertelorism in (Original Article), 18:268–273 of maxilla, in patient with facial fractures, management of Filling materials, for restoration in craniofacial surgery (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1463–1464 (Experimental Study), 17:905–908 McCune-Albright syndrome with (Clinical Note), 9:79– Financial problems, stress in families of children with 82 craniofacial anomalies and, 2:15–16 of sphenoid sinus and skull base presents in adult with Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), Warthin’s Tumor localized temporal headache (Clinical Notes), (WT) diagnosis, (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1182– 15:261–263 1184 unilateral mandibular swelling and, 8:32–37 Finite element analysis, three-dimensionalFibrous dysplasia of mandible, radical excision and of mandible and temporomandibular joint during vertical immediate reconstruction for (Clinical Note), ramus elongation by distraction osteogenesis 12:259–263 (Scientific Studies), 16:586–593Fibrous dysplasia, monostotic craniofacial: Turkish of mandible and temporomandibular joint on simulated experience (Clinical Experience), 17:62–67 occlusal forces before and after vertical ramusFibula, free flap from elongation by distraction osteogenesis (Brief bilateral, for severe mandibular hypoplasia (Clinical Clinical Notes), 16:421–429 Note), 12:337–348 Finite element model of the human mandible (Original in mandibular osteopetrosis reconstruction (Technical Article), 18:782–784 Strategy), 12:369–372 Firearms in mandibular reconstruction craniofacial injuries from, management of (Clinical Note), donor site angiography before (Clinical Strategy), 9:371–382 12:608–612 maxillo-facial injuries from, reconstructive surgery for, for fibrous dysplasia (Clinical Note), 12:259–263 6:473Fibula bone graft, free, virtual planning of composite ocular injuries with facial trauma from, 7:117–121 mandibular reconstruction with (Brief Clinical Fireworks blast, complex craniofacial trauma from, 19:322– Notes), 16:1137–1139 327Fibula flap First branchial arch, mandibular and maxillary process containing fibrous dysplasia for mandible recon- differentiation from, disruption of (Clinical Note), struction (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1479–1482 11:398–404 treatment of infected frontal sinus fractures (Technical Fissure, lip, median (Clinical Note), 6:390–391 Experiences), 18:680–683 Fistula(e)Fibula flaps carotid cavernous, 6:55, 6:56, 6:57–60 free, multiplanar distraction osteogenesis of, for carotid-cavernous, traumatic: pathophysiology and secondary reconstruction of traumatic maxillary treatment (Anatomical Studies), 14:240–246 defects (Clinical Notes), 17:883–888 of mastoid air cells, pneumocephalus from, treated with interpositional, horizontal maxillary osteotomy with temporoparietal fascial flap (Clinical Note), (Clinical Note), 19:1260–1262 6:494 mandibular reconstruction with microsurgical transfer of, oronasal, residual, after cleft palate surgery, staged repair in ameloblastoma (Brief Clinical Notes), of, 6:375–381 17:178–181 palatal osteoseptocutaneous, for maxillary neo-alveolus tissue difficult, tongue flap for closure of (Technical (Clinical Notes), 17:883–888 Strategy), 4:109–111 vascularized, and iliac crest flap, for mandibular recurrent, in cleft lip/palate patient, free flap closure of reconstruction (Technical Strategy), 19:227– (Clinical Note), 8:491–495, 8:496 234 posttraumatic carotid-cavernous (Brief Clinical Notes),Fibula free flap, surgical planning in reconstruction of 16:1130–1131 mandibular defect with (Experimental Studies), upper eyelid, caused by chronic frontal sinusitis (Brief 16:601–607 Clinical Notes), 16:171–173Fibula free flap for mandibular reconstruction after Fistula, cervical, by ectopic salivary gland (Clinical Note), hemimandibulectomy, 8:60 11:394–397Fibula osteocutaneous free flap, for reconstruction of Fistula, oronasal, in irradiated palate, closure of velopharyngeal competence for composite (Discussion), 12:500 palatomaxillary defect (velopharyngeal (Technical Strategies, Ideas, and Innovations), 12:495– insufficiency), 19:866–868 49962
  • 63. SUBJECT INDEXFistulas, oro-nasal, use of decellularized dermal grafting in, resorbable, of mandibular sagittal split osteotomies after cleft palate repair (Clinical Notes), 17:636– (Clinical Report), 10:230–236 641 simple intermaxillary, for maxillomandibularFixation osteosynthesis (Technical Strategy), 7:170– biodegradable, in craniofacial surgery, tacks in 172 (Technical Strategy), 12:596–602 skeletal, effects of, on craniofacial imaging, 4:67–73 internal, absorbable, critical concepts of (Scientific of vascularized bone grafts (Literature Scan), 7:253 Foundation), 11:335–341 Fixation plates, bioabsorbable, in correction of maxillomandibular, in pediatric mandible fractures craniosynostosis (Technical Strategy), 9:88–91 (Technical Note), 11:236–238 Fixtures, endo-osseous, for oligodontia (Original Article), rigid. See Rigid fixation 18:1327–1330Fixation. See also Bone(s), fixation of; Microfixation Fixtures, TIOLOX, in giant-cell central reparative granuloma absorbable plating for, 7:325 reconstruction, 9:45–47 biodegradable, in cranial bone grafting, 7:54–59 Flap design, safety for (Clinical Notes), 17:864–868 canthal, microscrew anchorage techniques for, 2:71–72 Flap(s) craniofacial abbe, for upper lip reconstruction (Special Section: in fetus, 7:412–417 Cancer), 17:1259–1262 maxillofacial, atlas of (Book Review), 7:322 advancement flap, for nasal alar reconstruction (Brief optimal timing of, 6:477 Clinical Notes), 18:1477–1479 of craniofacial skeleton with totally biodegradable anterolateral thigh, with fascia lata, for reconstruction of plates and cyanoacrylate adhesive, 6:477 dura maters (Original Article), 18:1305–1308 in craniofacial surgery, methods of, 6:459, 6:477 banked cranial bone, development of coronal devices for, resorbable (Symposium), 7:478–479 craniosynostosis in (Brief Clinical Notes), of facial prostheses (Literature Scan), 7:254 17:561–566 internal bone, auto-purified after infection, cranioplasty with in craniofacial surgery (Technical Strategy), 7:160– (Clinical Notes), 17:1076–1079 163 anterolateral thigh perforator, reconstruction of face after rigid, for maxillomandibular osteosynthesis for resection of arteriovenous malformations using maxillomandibular osteosynthesis (Technical (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:851–854 Strategy), 7:170–172 chondrocutaneous, in external auditory canal internal, absorbable, Le Fort III distraction with reconstruction, 9:228–233 (Clinical Note), 12:264–272 conjoint flap containing xenogenic tissues, lag screw, for malar fracture, 10:193–197 prefabrication of (Scientific Foundation), of mandibular fracture, temporary miniplate for 18:1451–1456 (Technical Strategy), 6:417–420 coronal, elevation of, temporal contour deformity after, mandibulomaxillary, with bone anchors and quick- 5:223–227 release ligatures, 9:215–221 debulking, perforator artery based (Brief Clinical Notes), microplate. See Microplate fixation 17:570–572 microscrew anchorage techniques for, 2:71–73 fascial, temporal, for contracted eye socket and of orbitozygomatic complex fractures, titanium vs orbitozygomatic hypoplasia correction, 10:11– bioresorbable (Clinical Note), 10:237–242 17 plate fascioperiosteal, in experimental cranial surgery in of premaxillomaxillary suture, compensatory midfacial porcine model, design and development of growth changes in rabbit and, 3:198–202 (Clinical Note), 8:501–505 and screw. See also Plate and screw fixation fibula polyglyconate, stabilizing zygomatic osteotomies in free, multiplanar distraction osteogenesis of, for primate, 6:459 secondary reconstruction of traumatic maxillary resorbable defects (Clinical Notes), 17:883–888 craniofacial growth and, 5:110–115 mandibular reconstruction with microsurgical in craniosynostosis surgery, 6:477 transfer of, in ameloblastoma (Brief Clinical effects of, on craniofacial skeletal growth, 3:190–196 Notes), 17:178–181 of Le Fort I osteotomies, 9:210–214 osteoseptocutaneous, for maxillary neo-alveolus resorbable, single suture craniosynostosis correction tissue (Clinical Notes), 17:883–888 with (Clinical Note), 12:451–455 fibula free flap for premaxilla reconstruction (Technical (Discussion), 12:456–457 Experiences), 18:1385–1394 rigid. See Rigid fixation fibula free, surgical planning in reconstruction of rigid/nonrigid, osseous wound healing and, 7:46–52 mandibular defect with (Experimental Studies), screw 16:601–607 and plate, in infancy, 7:267–270 63
  • 64. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY forearm free, radial, in upper lip reconstruction, 5:105– zygomatic reconstruction (Technical 109 Strategies), 19:235–240 forearm, radial, for reconstruction of cervical esophageal microvascular free, for reconstruction of anterior, and defects (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:382–387 middle skull base (Special Section: Vascular forked, transverse, effect of, in three-dimensional Anomalies), 17:790–796 columella reconstruction (Surgical Strategies), mucoperiosteal hinge, in palatal defect reconstruction, 17:692–695 12:561–563 free (Discussion), 12:564 in closure of recurrent palatal fistula (Clinical Note), mucosal flap, for oronasal fistula repair from oral side 8:491–495, 8:496 (Technical Experiences), 18:1408–1409 fibular musculoperiosteal, in pig, 6:466 for mandibular reconstruction after myocutaneous, with hard palate mucosa, for upper eyelid hemimandibulectomy, 8:59 reconstruction (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:1011– osteoseptocutaneous, mandibular 1015 reconstruction with (Technical Strategy), 8:512–521 myocutaneous, pectoralis major, in oromandibular for head and neck reconstruction, atlas of (Book reconstruction (Clinical Note), 12:326–336 Review), 6:424 naso-labial flaps, reconstruction of nasal defects microvascular, for reconstruction of anterior, and (Technical Experiences), 18:1380–1384 middle skull base (Special Section: Vascular osteocutaneous, vascularized, distraction osteogenesis Anomalies), 17:790–796 and, simultaneous, for facial asymmetry radial forearm, for frontonasal duct obliteration, (Scientific Foundation), 7:469–472 fascio-subcutaneous extension of (Technical osteofascial temporalis muscle, use mandibular Strategies), 17:1163–1166 reconstruction in Goldenhar syndrome free fibula flap containing fibrous dysplasia for mandible (Clinical Note), 19:165–170 reconstruction (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1479– palatal mucoperiosteal, for palatal fracture (Clinical 1482 Experience), 10:49–57 free fibular paranasal, for total lower eyelid reconstruction (Brief bilateral, for severe mandibular hypoplasia (Clinical Clinical Notes), 17:1020–1026 Note), 12:337–348 pericranial, in correction of superior sulcus depression in mandibular osteopetrosis reconstruction in anophthalmic orbit, 10:487 (Technical Strategy), 12:369–372 pericranial, for dura mater reconstruction (Brief Clinical in mandibular reconstruction Notes), 17:584–590 donor site angiography before (Clinical periost, periost grafts, and prefabricated periosteal flaps, Strategy), 12:608–612 osteogenic capacities of (Experimental Studies), for fibrous dysplasia (Clinical Note), 12:259– 16:594–600 263 prefabricated periosteal, periost grafts, and periost flaps, free flap surgery, determination of recipient vessels in osteogenic capacities of (Experimental Studies), head and neck using MCTA before (Original 16:594–600 Article), 18:1284–1289 prefabrication, using autogenic and xenogenic tissues, free, for reconstruction of mandible defects in irradiated new model of (Scientific Foundation), 18:1451– patients (Clinical Notes), 18:1359–1369 1456 free rectus abdominis muscle, for neurosurgical regional, for head and neck reconstruction, atlas of (Book complications (Technical Strategy), 7:317–321 Review), 6:424 free, transfer of, reconstruction of anophthalmic orbit by rotation flap, for nasal alar reconstruction (Brief Clinical (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1091–1097 Notes), 18:1475–1477 galeoparietal, full-thickness, for mandibular rotation, surgical correction of cryptotia combined with reconstruction after hemimandibulectomy, 8:59 intraoperative distention using (Brief Clinical groin, axial aponeurofasciocutaneous (Surgical Notes), 16:473–475 Strategy), 12:501–504 scar, for extension of nasal and lip soft tissue shell in latissimus dorsi muscle, free, coverage of cranium with, in secondary cleft deformities (Clinical Notes), recurrent BCC of gorlin syndrome (Brief 17:854–863 Clinical Notes), 17:599–602 selection and reconstruction, skin tumors, criteria for, latissimus dorsi serratus anterior, combined, in maxillary (Original Articles), 18:1032 reconstruction, 8:65–72 skin, postauricular, for contracted eye socket and lip, double cross, and embolization and total resection orbitozygomatic hypoplasia correction, 10:11– and, following huge arteriovenous malformation 17 extending from lower lip to chin (Brief Clinical temporal fascial, in pig, 6:466 Notes), 16:443–448 temporalis muscle, for midfacial reconstruction (Clinical mandibular osteomuscular flap, pedicled, for Notes), 17:1092–110464
  • 65. SUBJECT INDEX temporoparietal fascial, fistulas of mastoid air cells defect reconstruction, supraorbital artery myocutaneous treated with, pneumocephalus from (Clinical island flap for (Technical Experience), 19:513– Note), 6:494 516 vascularized fibular flap and iliac crest flap, for flattening of, supine sleeping position and, 7:12–17 mandibular reconstruction (Technical Strategy), osteoma of, endoscopic excision of (Technical Strategy), 19:227–234 6:516 vastus lateralis muscle, free, cranial bone defect Forehead osteoma, benign, endoscopic excision of (Clinical reconstruction with (Clinical Note), 8:141–145 Notes), 17:426–430Flap fixation technique, new, use of adhesives in cleft palate Forehead soft tissue defects, reconstruction of, with adjacent surgery and (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:719–722 tissue and minimal scar formation (Brief ClinicalFlap surgery, postpharyngeal, signs of obstructive sleep Notes), 16:1126–1129 apnea in (Clinical Notes), 17:44–49 Foreign bodyFlattened supraorbital rim, bowstring canthal advancement in hard palate, long-term impaction of (Brief Clinical in correction of, in unilateral coronal synostosis Note), 19:826–828 (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:492–496 orbital, penetrating from cheek (Clinical Note), 19:439–Flexblock implant, Medpor polyethylene, craniofacial 440 applications of, 3:101–107 retaining in surgeryFloor, orbital current evidence on (Literature Scan), 19:833 defects of, reconstruction of, ultra-thin porous implants prevention of (Literature Scan), 19:832–833 used for, long-term outcomes of (Clinical Foreign body, cranio-orbital Notes), 16:973–977 supraorbital-pterion approach to, 7:224–227 restoration of (Clinical Notes), 16:968–972 wooden, diagnosis and removal of (Clinical Note),Fluid resuscitation, pediatric, after thermal injury, 19:910– 7:311–314 912 Foreign body(ies), retained, in orbit and cavernous sinusFluorescence, tetracycline incident, to study effect of (Clinical Note), 12:82–86 periosteal preservation on osteogenesis, 5:161– Form-fitting fixation (Technical Strategy), 5:195–200 171 Fossa, anterior, endoscopic transglabellar approach to,Fluorescence incident photometry, tetracycline, 5:77–80 11:412–417Fluorochrome bone labeling in nerve growth factor Fossa, infratemporal, hemangiopericytoma of, malignancy treatment of onlay bone grafts, 2:175 and (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1146–1150Folic acid (FA), effect on positional plagiocephaly, 19:37– 45S5 bioactive glass combined as bone substitute in 39 reconstruction of critical size calvarial defectsFolic acid, periconceptional, orofacial cleft recurrence and in rabbits (Scientific Foundations), 16:63–70 (Literature Scan), 7:255 Four-vessel angiography (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1130–Follow-up form for patients undergoing orthognathic 1131 surgery (Communication), 16:190–192 Fracture(s)Food and Drug Administration (FDA), bioabsorbable anterior skull base, guidelines for treatment (Editorial fixation devices and, 8:92–95 Note), 19:713–717Foot, and ankle trauma, pediatric, reconstruction of (Clinical bony, craniomaxillofacial (Clinical Note), 7:384–392 Note), 14:559–565 cervical spine fractures associated with maxillofacialFootball players, collegiate, head impacts in trauma (Original Article), 18:1259–1263 clinical measures of concussion after high-and low- comminuted, realignment of maxillary and mandibular magnitude impacts (Literature Scan), 19:549 arches in, 10:43–44 relationship between head impact biomechanics and complex facial, modern surgical treatment of (Brief acute clinical outcome after concussion Clinical Notes), 16:727–731 (Literature Scan), 19:548 condylar, in children, nonsurgical management ofFootball, professional, concussion in: biomechanics of (Literature Scan), 12:100 struck player (Literature Scan), 19:550 condylar, dislocation of mandibular condyle into middleForamina perietalia permagna, surgical management of cranial fossa, condylectomy and transposition (Clinical Note), 14:538–544 of temporal muscle flap for (Brief ClinicalForamen magnum (FM), surface area of, and intracranial Notes), 17:590–594 volume (ICV), relationship between (Scientific condylar, during growth (Clinical Note), 10:87–92 Foundation), 17:326–330 coronoid, classification of, 3:228–229Forces, pulsatile, measurement of, on human cranium craniofacial (Technical Strategies), 16:134–139 neuropsychologic outcome after, 1:163Forearm free flap, radial, in upper lip reconstruction, 5:105– oblique, in children, 1:4 109 craniofacial, treatment of, immediate and delayedForehead (Clinical Note), 11:265–269 benign tumor ablation of, endoscopic, 8:176–180 65
  • 66. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY cranio-orbital, complex, in children, immediate mandibular reconstruction for, 4:8–19. See also Cranio- displaced, rigid internal fixation of, 3:226–229 orbital fractures, complex, in children, immediate fixation methods for, scintigraphic evaluation of, reconstruction for dentoalveolar, unusual (Brief 8:270–272 Clinical Notes), 17:1187–1189 management of (Clinical Note), 11:102–103 of edentulous mandible, 4:91–94 pediatric, facial growth and, 10:323–328 facial pediatric, maxillomandibular fixation in (Technical fixation of, with bone anchors and quick-release Note), 11:236–238 ligatures, 9:215–221 simple intermaxillary fixation for (Technical Strategy), Medpor porous polyethylene implants in (Clinical 7:170–172 Note), 4:142–146 teeth located in line of, 5:16–21 orbital reconstruction in, Silastic implantation for, temporary miniplate for fixation of (Technical complication of (Clinical Note), 9:452–455 Strategy), 6:417–420 commentary on, 9:456–458 mandibular, bone graft for treatment of, 19:411–420 realignment of maxillary and mandibular arches in, mandibular angle, new technique for, biomechanical 10:43–44 comparison of (Editorial Note), 19:428–432 repair of, with resorbable plates and screws (Clinical mandibular angle, treatment of, anodal reconstruction Note), 11:377–385 plate in (Literature Scan), 5:70 surgery for, bone anchors in (Technical Strategy), mandibular, healing of (Clinical Note), 12:157–166 7:164–167 mandibular, open reduction and internal fixation, treatment priorities for (Clinical Note), 11:97–105 postoperative radiographs after (Literature facial bone Scan), 17:1263 cyanoacrylate in (Clinical Note), 8:229–235 maxillary repair of, traumatic optic neuropathy complicating, management of, (Clinical Note), 11:101–102 8:352–355 treatment of, outcome measurement of (Literature facial, definitive in-theater repair of, safety of (Literature Scan), 11:205 Scan), 19:544 maxillary, resorbable fixation for, 9:317–321 facial, pediatric, 19:339–349 maxillofacial, complex, rigid external distractor for facial, pediatric: current national incidence, distribution, treatment of, 19:306–312 and health care resource utilization maxillofacial, fixation of, with absorbable mini-plates, (Discussion), 19:350 8:135–140 facial, with fibrous dysplasia of maxilla, management of midfacial (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1463–1464 complex, endoscopic repair of, 8:170–175 of frontal bone, closed reduction technique for operative airway management practices for, survey of, (Correspondence), 18:1508 8:201–206 fronal sinus, fascio-subcutaneous extension of free radial orbital rim and floor in, selective management criteria forearm flap for frontonasal duct obliteration for (Literature Scan), 8:522 (Technical Strategies), 17:1163–1166 traumatic, nonmetallic fixation for, 8:103–109 frontal sinus, management of (Clinical Note), 11:99 nasal bone, analysis of (Clinical Notes), 17:261–264 frontobasal, reconstruction of, with hydroxyapatite and in nasal bone, facial protection masks to prevent reinjury free flap transfer (Clinical Note), 8:141–145 (Clinical Notes), 18:143–145 high condylar, miniplate fixation of, and postoperative nasal, repositioning technique using little finger, exercise regimen (Technical Strategies), 19:1512–1517 16:113–116 nasoorbitoethmoid, management of, (Clinical Note), jaw, pediatric, maxillomandibular fixation in (Technical 11:101 Note), 11:236–238 noncomminuted zygoma, treatment of, with percutaneous Le Fort reduction and rigid external devices (Surgical edentulous, 8:298–306 Strategies), 16:829–833 treatment of, sequencing, 1:168 orbital malar complex, management of (Clinical Note), 11:99 acute, extended open reduction and internal fixation malar, fixation of, 10:193–197 of, soft-tissue alterations with, 3:134–140 of mandible angle, minimally invasive approach to, blow-in (Scientific Foundation), 7:449–459 improvement of (Technical Experience), blowout, reconstruction of, Silastic implantation for, 19:525–527 complication of (Clinical Note), 9:452–455 mandible, identification of, by helical computed commentary on, 9:456–458 tomography and panorex tomography (Brief (Book Review), 7:82 Clinical Notes), 16:394–398 complex, zygoma-lateral, treatment of, 3:48 of mandible, subcondylar, surgical approach to extensive, traumatic, 10:284–299 (Technical Experience), 19:496–499 maxillary antral bone grafts for repair of, 2:18–2166
  • 67. SUBJECT INDEX reconstruction materials for (Literature Scan), zygomatic arch, alloderm stabilization of (Clinical 10:170–171 Notes), 17:403–404 statistical data on (Correspondence), 2:110–111 zygomatic arch, depressed, dental forceps reduction oforbital blowout, buckling and hydraulic mechanisms in (Technical Experience), 19:782–784 (Clinical Notes), 17:438–441 zygomatic complex, orbital rim and floor in, selectiveorbital blow-out, endoscopic repair of (Anatomical management criteria for (Literature Scan), 8:522 Study), 19:271–276 zygomaticomaxillary, repair of, with resorbable platesorbital floor, enopthalmos in, rounding of inferior rectus and screws (Clinical Note), 11:377–385 muscle as predictor in (Clinical Notes), zygomatico-orbital, retrospective analysis of (Clinical 18:127–132 Notes), 17:1059–1064orbital floor, resorbable mesh in treatment of (Clinical zygomatico-orbital, severe, with dislocation of globe Note), 12:242–246 into antrum, management of (Clinical Note),orbital, management of (Clinical Note), 11:100–101 4:95–101orbital, new classification and staging system for zygomatic, noncomminuted, treatment with percutaneous (Clinical Notes), 17:1040–1044 screw reduction and fixation (Clinical Notes),orbital roof, surgical techniques in (Literature Scan), 18:67–73 7:173 Fracture(s) blow-out, of orbital floor in early childhood,orbital wall, titanium mesh screen implant in, 12:555– 14:666–671 559 face, approaches with landmark ratios to predict locationorbitozygomatic, CAS for (Clinical Notes), 17:837–842 of infraorbital and supraorbital nerves: anatomicorbitozygomatic complex, biomechanics of (Clinical study (Original Article), 14:473–477 Note), 10:237–242 (Discussion), 14:478, 14:479–480palatal, management of intracapsular, of mandibular condyle: diagnosis, (Clinical Experience), 10:49–57 treatment, and anatomical and pathological commentary on, 10:222–223 evaluations (Clinical Notes), 14:184–191panfacial panfacial, severe, with facial explosion: integrated and comminuted, treatment of, 9:514–521 multistaged reconstructive procedures (Clinical treatment organization for, 1:168 Note), 14:893–898site occurrence of (Clinical Notes), 18:835 skull, base of, intracranial hemorrhage resulting from, asskull, growing complication of Le Fort III osteotomy (Clinical after cranial vault reshaping in infancy (Clinical Note), 14:545–548 Note), 9:73–75 Fracture, isolated supraorbital rim, displaced out of scalp: a craniofacial equivalents of, 6:103–112 case report (Surgical Strategies), 15:451–453 repair and reconstruction of, 9:65–73 Fractured anterior wall of frontal bone, closed reduction ofskull, open depressed, primary reconstruction with (Technical Strategies), 16:120–122 titanium mesh (Technical Experience), 19:490– Frankfort horizontal plane, and Sella-Nasion line, angle 495 between (Technical Strategies), 19:211–215sparing, of lateral pterygoid plate, Le Fort I osteotomy Free fibula bone graft, virtual planning of composite with (Anatomic Study), 12:48–52 mandibular reconstruction with (Brief Clinicalstrangulated trapdoor type orbital blow-out, in children, Notes), 16:1137–1139 fracture pattern and clinical outcome in Free fibula flap, mandible reconstruction in benign (Literature Scans), 16:513 mandibular lesions (Clinical Experience),of temporal bone, as complication of condylectomy (Brief 15:1002–1009 Clinical Notes), 16:185–189 Free fibula osteoseptocutaneous flap, for microsurgicalTitanium mesh, in mandibular reconstruction (Brief enophthalmos correction after silent sinus Clinical Notes), 16:1120–1121 syndrome (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:454–456traumatic frontal bone, resulting in intracerebral Free flap closure of recurrent palatal fistula (Clinical Note), pneumocephalus (Brief Clinical Notes), 8:491–495, 8:496 16:461–462 Free flap reconstruction, of palatomaxillary defectunfavorable, tension forces and (Anatomical Study), (velopharyngeal insufficiency), 19:866–868 11:197–202 Free flap transfer, for closure and interposition-arthroplasty(Discussion), 11:406 in noma defects of the lateral face associated withzygomatic, treatment of, without inferior orbital rim bony ankylosis (Surgical Strategies), 15:766–772 fixation (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:481–484 Discussion, 15:773zygomatic arch Free flap transfer, reconstruction of anophthalmic orbit by reduction of, with towel clip (Clinical Note), (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1091–1097 10:439–441 Free flap transfer, cranial bone defect reconstruction with repairing, hydroxyapatite cement paste for (Research (Clinical Note), 8:141–145 Strategy), 8:236–239 Free flaps 67
  • 68. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY fibula, for premaxilla reconstruction (Technical as vehicles for BMP-2 and 3D technology (Clinical Experiences), 18:1385–1394 Notes), 17:275–279 for reconstruction of mandible defects in irradiated Frontal bone fractures, techniques, closed reduction for patients (Clinical Notes), 18:1359–1369 (Correspondence), 18:1508Free flaps for head and neck reconstruction, atlas of (Book Frontal craniosynostosis, frontal tiara for, 3:173–174 Review), 6:424 Frontal hairline island flap, in reconstruction of medialFree interpositional membranous bone, distraction canthal and nasal dorsal defects (Technical osteogenesis of, 10:123–126 Strategy), 19:1653–1657 commentary on, 10:128 Frontal island flaps, eyelid and malar region defectFree muscle graft technique, for reconstruction of sphincteric reconstruction with, (Surgical Techniques), function after dysfunctional total lower lip 18:1108–1113 reconstruction (Technical Strategies), 18:203–207 Frontal lobe atrophy, due to prolonged frontal bone defectFree osteocutaneous scapular flap, transfer, successful, for (Clinical Notes), 17:843–847 mandibular reconstruction in a 93-year-old patient Frontal parosteal lipoma (Clinical Note), 19:1122–1125 (Special Issue: Technical Strategies), 15:92–97 Frontal sinusFree radial forearm flap in intraoral reconstruction after pull- development of through operation, 3:213–216 after frontocranial remodeling for craniosynostosis inFree rectus abdominis muscle flap for neurosurgical infancy, 5:81–92 complications (Technical Strategy), 7:317–321 following bilateral fronto-orbital osteotomiesFree tissue transfer, for scalp reconstruction (Special (Literature Scan), 10:169 Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:805–809 frontal bone devascularization and, 6:454Free tissue transfers, in head and neck reconstruction fractured, delayed development of mucocele in (Brief (Clinical Note), 19:1577–1582 Clinical Note), 19:1419–1422Free tissue transfer, serratus anterior, for craniofacial in frontoethmoidal meningoencephaloceles, 5:185–187 reconstruction, 3:207–212 midforehead incision as approach to (TechnicalFrey syndrome, atypical, complicating Obssegeser Strategy), 6:408–411 osteotomy (Clinical Note), 9:543–547 mucocele in, ectopic, delayed development of, afterFrom past to present and future is today: from inert to pediatric cranial trauma (Clinical Note), 6:327– multifunctional biomaterials (Special Editorial), 331 15:897 Frontal sinus, fractures of, management of (Clinical Note),Frontal advancement 11:99 in neonatal pigs, intracranial migration of microplates vs Frontal sinus obliteration, with -tricalcium phosphate wires after, 9:60–64 (Technical Strategies), 15:967–970 supraorbital bar, 10:198–200 Frontal sinusitis, percutaneous endoscopic sinus surgeryFrontal bar, step expansion of, 7:333–335 for (Clinical Note), 6:502Frontal bone Frontal tiara, 3:173–174 advancement of Frontalis muscle, insertion of, relating to blepharoptosis and compensatory craniofacial growth changes in repair (Anatomic Studies), 16:965–967 rabbits with experimental coronal suture Frontal sinus fractures, frontonasal duct obliteration, fascio- immobilization, 2:86–94 subcutaneous extension of free radial forearm flap stability of, with or without microplate fixation, for (Technical Strategies), 17:1163–1166 2:22–26 Frontal sinus, giant mucocele of (Special Section: Giant in child, hemangioendothelioma of (Clinical Notes), Congenital Nevus), 16:933–935 14:724–728 Frontal sinusitis, chronic, upper eyelid fistula caused by defects in, extensive, galea flap for (Technical Strategy), (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:171–173 6:164–168 Frontalis sling, enhanced, with double-fixed, solvent- devascularization of, frontal sinus development and, dehydrated cadaveric fascia lata allograft in 6:454 management of eye ptosis (Technical Strategies), distraction of, outside cranial plane (Technical Strategy), 15:960–964 4:177–181 Discussion, 15:965–966 fractured anterior wall of, closed reduction of (Technical Frontobasal fracture, reconstruction of, with hydroxyapatite Strategies), 16:120–122 and free flap transfer (Clinical Note), 8:141–145 isolated xanthoma of (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:391–393 Frontocranial remodeling traumatic fracture of, resulting in intracerebral bandeau in, 1:18 pneumocephalus (Brief Clinical Notes), for craniosynostosis in infancy, frontal sinus 16:461–462 development and glabellar morphology after,Frontal bone defect, reconstruction using heparin with 5:81–92 bovine type I collagen, hyaluronic acid, and fibrin Frontoethmoidal encephalocele (FEE) abortive subtype of (Case Report), 10:149–15468
  • 69. SUBJECT INDEX huge, craniofacial reconstruction after primary Frontofacial osteotomies by distraction (Technical neurosurgical repair (Clinical Note), 19:171– Strategy), 8:308–317 174 Frontonasal duct obliteration, fascio-subcutaneous management of, 10:135–139 extension of free radial forearm flap for (Technical transcranial and transfacial surgical treatment of, 4:203– Strategies), 17:1163–1166 209 Frontonasal encephalocele, congenital brain tumor treatment and outcome (Clinical Note), 19:175–183 associated with (Clinical Note), 6:386–389Frontoethmoidal encephalocele, reconstruction of, 12:6–18 Frontonasal encephalomeningocele (FEEM)Frontoethmoidal encephalomeningocele: new reconstruction, new approach assisted with medpor morphological findings and new classification (Brief Clinical Note), 19:537–539 (Clinical Review), 14:847–858 Frontonasal encephalocele patients, incidence ofFrontoethmoidal encephalocele, surgical treatment of, hypertelorism in (Original Article), 18:268–273 11:342–345 Frontonasal osteotomy to facilitate removal of intracranialFrontoethmoidal encephalomeningocele (FEEM) nasal dermoid (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:732–735 bony defect in, spontaneous closure of (Case Report), Fronto-orbital advancement (FOA) 10:149–154 application of spanning plate concept to (Clinical giant, craniofacial correction of, 10:111–116 Notes), 17:241–245 one-stage extracranial repair and reconstruction for, for craniosynostosis (Clinical Note), 12:479–484 2:127–134 for craniosynostosis, prevention of “temporal Frontoethmoidal meningoencephalocele (FEME), 2:2 – 8 hollowing” after (Technical Strategy), 5:271– case review of, 4:210–214 274 clinical manifestations of, 2:3 gradual distraction, using "floating forehead" for definition of, 2:2 syndromic craniosynostosis (Clinical frontal sinus in, 5:185–187 Experiences), 17:497–505 frontoethmoidal, localized vitiligo and (Clinical Note), repeat, in craniosynostosis (Literature Scan), 7:253 8:78–79 standard procedure for correction of metopic synostosis investigations of, 2:3 (Technical Strategies), 17:980–985 localized vitiligo and (Clinical Note), 8:78–79 subgaleal versus subperiosteal dissection in, 12:287– nasoethmoidal type of, 2:2 291 nasofrontal type of, 2:2 in unilateral coronal craniosynostosis, cerebrospinal nasoorbital type of, 2:3 fluid spaces and, 7:102–106 one-stage surgical treatment of, 2:3–8 variations on (Brief Clinical Note), 19:1180–1182 case report on, 2:3 vascularized, 7:107–110, 7:228 discussion of, 2:5–8 Fronto-orbital advancement, conventional, additional operation in, 2:3–5, 2:6–7 distraction osteogenesis after (Surgical Strategies), telecanthus and hypertelorism in, surgical correction of 16:1064–1069 orbital anthropomorphometric evaluation of the Khmer Fronto-orbital correction in trigonocephaly, aesthetic subpopulation of Cambodia (Clinical Note), results of (Original Article), 17:1167–1174 19:137–147 Fronto-orbital leptomeningeal cyst manifested with telecanthus (Clinical Note), 19:148–158 xophthalmos (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:668–671 types of, 2:2–3 Fronto-orbital mucoceles: our experience (Brief Clinical pathology of, 4:213 Notes), 15:885–889 treatment of, 4:210–212 Fronto-orbital and occipital advancement technique in totalFrontoethmoidal encephalomeningocele, correction with calvarial reconstruction (Literature Scan), 8:241 minimal facial incision: modified chula technique Fronto-orbital osteotomies, bilateral, frontal sinus (Original Article), 17:353–357 development following (Literature Scan), 10:169Frontoethmoidal sinuses, osteoma of, 2:75–81 Fronto-orbital procedures, endoscopic (Symposium), 9:287Frontofacial advancement Fronto-orbital sphenoidal and facial osteosarcoma, monobloc, in faciocraniosynostosis, palpebral fissure management of (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:470–472 changes after, 19:106–109 Fronto-orbital suture, discharging sinus of, dermoid cyst monobloc, with distraction, blindness as complication with (Clinical Note), 9:536–538 in (Brief Clinical Note), 19:1170–1173 Frontoparietal advancement, single-stage vs gradual using rigid external distractor, relapse following, (Literature Scan), 10:380 19:113–120 Fronto-parieto-squamosal suture fusion, cranial growth and with free flap in Crouzon’s syndrome (Clinical Note), (Scientific Foundation), 7:122–129 2:33–37 Frontotemporal fasciocutaneous island flap for facialFrontofacial monobloc infection (Clinical Notes), 17:843– aesthetic subunit reconstruction, 10:330–336 847 Frontozygomatic dermoid cysts, endoscopic excision of (Technical Strategies), 15:618–622 69
  • 70. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERYFunctional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS), concurrent ossification of, in cranial defect repair (Scientific with rhinoplasty, 19:701–704 Foundation), 7:347–351Funding, from National Institutes of Health, surgeon- Gender dimorphism, parameters of labial, nasal, and chin scientists disadvantage of (Literature Scan), areas (Anatomical Study), 19:251–258 19:1186–1187 Gene(s), Apert and Crouzon syndromes and (ClinicalFunctional matrix cleft repair, 11:437–469 Notes), 16:361–368Functional reconstruction, of philtral ridge and dimple in Gene expression repaired cleft lip (Clinical Notes), 18:1343–1348 changes in, of sonic hedgehog signaling cascade inFungal and bacterial infection, resulting in brain abscess in mouse embryonic model of fetal alcohol diabetes (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:578–583 syndrome (Scientific Foundations), 16:1055–Fungal infection, Nasofacial phycomycosis by 1063 Conidiobolus (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:448–450 in response to calvarial injury, age-dependent differencesFungal wound infection, association with mortality in burn in (Scientific Foundation), 19:1292–1301 patients (Literature Scan), 19:1186 osteoblast, regional dura mater differential regulation byFurlow palatoplasty, influence of, for patients with (Scientific Foundations), 14:363–370 submucous cleft palate on facial growth (Original osteoblast-related, role of bovine bone morphogenetic Articles), 15:547–554 proteins in bone matrix protein and, during rat Discussion, 15:555 bone marrow stromal cell differentiationFusing mouse cranial sutures, detection of apoptosis in, (Experimental Study), 16:1006–1014 versus nonfusing mouse cranial sutures (Basic of osteoblasts, transforming growth factor beta in Research), 16:572–578 regulation of (Scientific Foundation), 12:183–Fusion, congenital, of maxilla and mandible (Brief Clinical 190 Notes), 16:287–290 profiling of, in rat cranial suture (Experimental Design),Future direction of manpower for pediatric care, 10:3–10 16:378–390 Gene, fibroblast growth factor receptor 2, mutations of,Gadolinium magnetic resonance imaging, diagnosis of craniosynostosis and (Scientific Foundation), bell palsy with (Clinical Notes), 14:51–54 9:162–170Gainsharing (Editorial), 17:1031–1032 Gene profiling, of granular cell myoblastoma (ClinicalGalea Aponeurotica (Technical Strategies), 18:651 Notes), 15:824–834Galea flap for extensive frontal bone defects Technical Genetic profiling of central giant cell granuloma of jaws Strategy), 6:164–168 (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:399–406Galeal frontalis flap, for reconstruction of depressed forehead Gene therapy in craniofacial bone repair, 11:24–30 region in PHA (Clinical Note), 19:1104–1106 Generation interaction, and the development of cyclicalGaleal-Pericranial Flap, anterior skull base reconstruction processes (Editorial), 15:1–2 with (Technical Experiences), 18:622–625 Genetic and family study of Apert syndrome, 2:195Galeoparietal flap, full-thickness, for mandibular Genetic origins of disease (Special Editorial), 12:105–108 reconstruction after hemimandibulectomy, 8:59 Genetic profile, of clear cell odontogenic carcinomaGamma irradiation of tumorous calvarial bone, reuse of, for (Scientific Foundations), 14:356–362 reconstruction (Clinical Note), 9:459–463 GeneticsGangrenous stomatitis, treatment of, follow-up after of cleft lip and palate (Clinical Note), 11:561 (Clinical Note), 12:273–283 craniofacialGardner syndrome, benign osteoma with: review of the (Guest Editorial), 8:244–245 literature and report of a case (Clinical Notes), recent advances in (Guest Editorial), 6:440 15:506–509 orofacial cleft, recent developments in (Original Article),Garré syndrome, mandibular condyle in, navigator system 14:130–143 guided endoscopic intraoral approach for of Pfeiffer’s syndrome, 9:207–209 remodeling of (Technical Experiences), 18:1410– of Saethre-Chotzen syndrome (Clinical Note), 11:480– 1415 486Gastrointestinal anastomosis (GIA) stapler, use in dural Genetics, understanding, for couples and families (Book repair, 19:1053–1056 Review), 16:946Gelatin-based hemostatic agent, management of middle Genex and 3dMD, inter comparisons of, and also with direct meningeal and superficial temporal artery anthropometry (Anatomic Studies), 17:477–483 hemorrhage from total temporomandibular joint Genioplasty replacement surgery with (Brief Clinical Notes), jumping, stepladder and wedge (Clinical Experiences), 16:309–311 18:891Gelfoam maxillary artery pseudoaneurysm after LeFort I and demineralized bone matrix fenestrated with, for cranial bilateral sagittal split osteotomies for (Brief defect repair, 5:172–177 Clinical Notes), 18:1491–1493 for maxillary hypoplasia (Original Articles), 18:75070
  • 71. SUBJECT INDEX osteotomy line and sliding (Clinical Experiences), Gingival overgrowth, associated with Rendu-Osler-Weber 18:890 syndrome, use of electrosurgical scalpel in procedure differentiation and classification (Clinical (Technical Strategy), 19:1648–1649 Experiences), 18:893–894 Gingival recession in maxillary expansion (Discussion), with single resorbable plate fixation (Scientific 12:95 Foundations), 18:820 Gingivoperiosteoplasty, rat model of (Surgical Technique),Genioplasty for facial skeletal deformity with malocclusion 11:54–58 (Clinical Note), 11:128–136 Glabellar morphology after frontocranial remodeling forGenioplasty, sliding, 7:297–298 craniosynostosis in infancy, 5:81–92 course of inferioralveolar neurovascular canal relative to, Glabellar width reduction, improved soft tissue correction 3:20–24 for, K stitch for hypertelorbitism and (Brief ClinicalGenioplasty, vulnerability of inferior alveolar nerve and Notes), 16:855–858 mental nerve during (Anatomic Studies), 16:10–14 Gland, pituitary, accessory, infantile hemangioma ofGeometric morphometrics in skull image analysis, 9:348– (Clinical Note), 9:468–471 358 Gland(s) commentary on, 9:359 parotidGerm cell tumors. See Teratoma cancer ofGhana, cleft lip and palate surgery in (Clinical Notes), staging group comparison in (Clinical Note), 18:1376–1379 12:141–144Ghost surgery, ethics and (Special Editorial), 11:4–5 surgical strategy for, based on local risk factors,Giant orf, dermatosis, (Clinical Notes), 18:1076–1078 12:434–437Giant-cell central reparative granuloma, surgical and pleomorphic adenoma of, surgery for, 12:565–568 implantation reconstruction in, 9:45–47 submandibular, endoscopic excision of, by intraoralGiant cell granuloma, central, of jaws, genetic profiling of approach (Technical Strategy), 12:299–303 (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:399–406 Gland(s), parotid, lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoidGiant cell tumor, of greater wing of sphenoid (Brief Clinical tissue arising in (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:693– Note), 19:822–826 695Giant-cell tumors of sphenoid bone, craniofacial treatment of Gland(s), salivary, ectopic, cervical tumor by (Clinical (Clinical Note), 5:254–255 Note), 11:394–397Giant cell tumor (GCT), of petrous temporal bone, with Glasgow benefit inventory (GBI), for evaluation of HRQOL, direct invasion into middle ear (Special Section: after otoplasty (Original Articles), 17:629–635 Vascular Anomalies), 17:797–800 Glass, 45S5 bioactive, combined as bone substitute inGiant congenital melanocytic nevi of trunk, algorithm for reconstruction of critical size calvarial defects in treatment of (Special Section: Giant Congenital rabbits (Scientific Foundations), 16:63–70 Nevus), 16:886–893 Glass transition temperature, effect of hot-tip exposure on, inGiant congenital nevi, management of, with artificial skin intraoperative molding (Scientific Studies), substitutes in children (Special Section: Giant 17:920–925 Congenital Nevus), 16:904–907 Glenoid fossa and mandibular condyle bone, micro– CTGiant congenital nevocellular nevus overlying evaluation after bilateral vertical ramus mandibular encephalocele (Clinical Note), 7:376–383 distraction (Errata, Scientific Foundation),Giant cystlike temporal encephalocele, craniofacial 17:611–619 reconstruction of (Clinical Note), 10:435–438 Global war on terrorism, death in U.S. special operationsGiant frontoethmoidal encephalomeningocele, craniofacial forces in, causes of (Literature Scan), 19:544–545 correction of, 10:111–116 Globe. See also Eye(s); OrbitGiant mucocele of frontal sinus (Special Section: Giant dislocation of, into antrum, severe zygomatico-orbital Congenital Nevus), 16:933–935 fracture with, management of (Clinical Note),Giant nasal pyogenic granuloma gravidarum (Brief Clinical 4:95–101 Notes), 16:319–320 rotation of (Literature Scan), 10:526Giant nevi, pathology, genetics, and surgical management of Globe-sparing total maxillectomy, preservation of orbital (Special Section: Cancer), 17:1210–1215 content for reconstruction (Technical Strategies),Gigantic neurofibromatosis of orbit (Clinical Note), 8:497– 17:986–991 500 Glomangioma (Clinical Note), 7:145–147Gigantism in Proteus syndrome (Clinical Note), 6:151–159 Glomus tumor, clinical feature of, in index finger (SpecialGigantomastia, breast deformity (Clinical Notes), 17:454– Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:801–804 467 Glomus tumors: therapeutic role of selective embolizationGingiva, recession of, maxillary expansion and (Clinical (Clinical Notes), 15:497–505 Note), 11:491–494 Glossoptosis-micrognathic association, mandibular distraction for, 9:127–129 71
  • 72. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERYGlucose, cerebral, metabolism of, cranioplasty and bone substitutes and (Book Review), 5:68–69 (Literature Scan), 12:101 calvarialGlucose metabolism, cerebral, single-suture for frontoethmoidal encephalocele, 10:136–139 craniosynostosis and, 10:38–42 for frontoethmoidal meningoencephalocele,Glue, fibrin, reduction of bone resorption by application of, 2:4–5, 2:7 in reconstruction of alveolar cleft (Technical skull defects form, repair of (Technical Strategy), Strategies), 16:105–112 4:182–186Glue, silicone, thermoplastic, in model surgery (Technical coral granules as substitute for, 5:213–216 Strategy), 7:315–316 costal cartilaginous, congenital defect of nasalGlycogen storage disease type Ib, unusual oral cartilaginous septal and vomeral bone manifestations and evolution in (Clinical Notes), reconstructed with (Surgical Strategies), 16:45–52 16:819–822Goldenhar syndrome, with atypical associated anomalies costochondral, overgrowth of, in nasal reconstruction (Clinical Notes), 17:669–672 (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:736–740Goldenhar syndrome, embryogenesis of (Clinical Note), cranial 11:546 for complex cranio-orbital fractures, 4:9, 4:19Goldenhar syndrome, mandibular reconstruction using controlled bending of (Literature Scan), 7:255 temporalis muscle osteofascial flap in (Clinical harvesting, quick, 3:41–45 Note), 19:165–170 mandibular, tibial, and iliac in rats, boneGonial angle, reduction of, shortening of linear distraction formation in, 6:139–141 distance and (Basic Mechanical Research), 12:505– for mandibular reconstruction, osseointegrated 514 implants for (Technical Strategy), 4:51–57Gonial angle, variations of, in vertical surgical reduction of for reconstruction of orbital defect after tumor maxillary-mandibular complex (Brief Clinical resection (Technical Strategy), 5:275 Notes), 16:716–718 split, in repair of skull defect, 3:230–235GoreTex facial implants (Symposium), 7:480 vascularized, for mandibular and maxillaryGorham’s disease (Clinical Note), 6:332–336 reconstruction, 3:183Gorlin syndrome, recurrent BCC of, coverage of cranium vs iliac, in facial skeleton, 6:113–119 with latissimus dorsi in (Brief Clinical Notes), cranial bone, for orbital reconstruction (Brief Clinical 17:599–602 Notes), 16:181–184Gracilis muscle transplantation, effects of, on speech in for cranial osseous defects, 3:67 children with Moebius syndrome, 14:687–690 for cranial reconstruction, 1:135Gradual distraction, lengthening of mandible by, 3:122 for dural repair, use of gastrointestinal anastomosisGraft(s) . See also Bone graft(ing) stapler in, 19:1053–1056 autologous, in TMJ reconstruction, TMJ function after, fixation of, resorbable membranes for, in pediatric 8:383–390 craniofacial surgery, 8:127–128 bone. See Bone graft free fibula bone, virtual planning of composite bone, 10:136–139 mandibular reconstruction with (Brief Clinical alveolar cleft, in unilateral cleft lip and palate, Notes), 16:1137–1139 10:58–72 free interpositional membranous, distraction arch dimensions at age 8 in (Clinical osteogenesis of, 10:123–126 Experience), 10:58–67 commentary on, 10:128 craniofacial form at age 8 in (Clinical harvesting of, holmium YAG laser-assisted, Experience), 10:68–72 8:14–16 calcium sulfate filler in maxillary antral, for repair of orbital fractures, (Discussion), 11:334 2:18–21 (Scientific Foundation), 11:327–333 microsurgical, for Johanson-Blizzard syndrome from mandibular region, chin augmentation facial anomaly correction (Clinical Note), 6:382–385 with (Clinical Note), 11:542 in nerve growth factor treatment of onlay bone autogenous grafts, 2:175 for calvarial reconstruction in baboons, onlay, craniofacial, survival of, effects of nerve porous hydroxyapatite implants compared to, growth factor on, 2:174–180 3:149–159 of orbital floor for posttraumatic defects, 3:175– corticocancellous, in bone-ceramic composite, 180 2:27 for osseous defects, demineralized bone matrices for cranial osseous defects, 3:67 as, 10:177–184 in facial reconstruction (Symposium), 10:404– recipient site for, osteopontin and bone 405 sialoprotein distribution at (Literature Scan), 10:171 bending mechanics of, 3:80–8472
  • 73. SUBJECT INDEX in reconstruction of osteoma of frontoethmoidal secondary alveolar cleft, using iliac bone or chin bone sinuses, 2:76, 2:78, 2:80, 2:81 (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:864–868 regeneration of, enhancement of, bone-ceramic skin, for aplasia cutis in Adams-Oliver syndrome, composite for, 2:27–32 12:569–572 of secondary alveolar clefts, percutaneous iliac, split calvarial bone, in cranio-orbital sphenoid wing 2:135–138 reconstruction (Clinical Note), 7:133–139 skull, in rabbits, histological and Graft(s) auricular composite, for skin defect of philtrum radioisotopical analysis of, 3:203–206 dimple (Technical Strategies), 14:228–234 vascularized, fixation of (Literature Scan), bone early, in Tessier number 4 cleft: case report 7:253 (Surgical Strategies), 14:406–410calvarial, in reconstruction of intraosseus hemangiomas (Discussion), 14:411–412 of zygoma (Clinical Note), 6:506 survival of, utilizing periosteal free flap, complex midfactcartilage, carbon dioxide laser and, in rabbit model reconstruction: maximizing contour and (Scientific Foundation), 6:147–150 (Original Articles), 14:413–416chondrocutaneous composite, applications in secondary Grafting cleft lip nose patients (Clinical Notes), bone, in cranio-orbital neurofibromatosis (Clinical 17:1065–1071 Note), 9:280–284composite, free, in skull base defect reconstruction cranial bone, biodegradable vs titanium fixation in, (Clinical Note), 9:76–78 7:54–59costal cartilage, for treatment of late posttraumatic Granular cell myoblastoma, genetic profiling of (Clinical enophthalmos (Clinical Notes), 17:673–679 Notes), 15:824–834costochondral Granular cell tumor, Abrikossoff’s (Clinical Note), 12:78– for mandibular condyle in nongrowing primate 81 (Scientific Foundation), 6:227–237 Granular cell tumor of orbit, locally advanced, surgical placement of, technique for (Technical Strategy), resection of (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:594–598 5:340 Granular cell tumor (GCT) of tongue, and SCC, simultaneouscostochondral, mandibular, distraction lengthening of, occurrence at the same site (Brief Clinical Note), 11:350–353 19:1691–1694costochondral, for melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of Granular cell tumor, recurrent benign, treatment modalities infancy (Clinical Note), 12:349–354 of, (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1187–1189decellularized dermal, for oro-nasal fistulas (Clinical Granuloma, allergic tissue reaction after hyaluronic acid Notes), 17:636–641 injection in treatment of facial lines and its surgicaldural correction (Clinical Note), 14:197–200 giant-cell harvesting, simple method for, 6:255 central reparative, surgical and implantation infant, osteogenic potential of, in different reconstruction in, 9:45–47 recipient beds (Scientific Foundation), 6:489 Granuloma, central giant cell, of jaws, genetic profiling offree fibular, for mandibular reconstruction after (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:399–406 hemimandibulectomy, 8:60 Granuloma faciale, differential diagnosis for EAF (Specialfree iliac crest, for mandibular reconstruction after Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:812–814 hemimandibulectomy, 8:59 Granuloma gravidarum, giant nasal pyogenic (Brief Clinicaliliac bone, preemptive analgesia in (Clinical Study), Notes), 16:319–320 9:448–451 Graves’ bemdisease, ptosis in (Clinical Notes), 17:247living bone, for huge ossifying tumors involving orbit Graves disease, exophthalmos in, surgical approach to (Technical Strategy), 7:156–1597 commentary on, 9:400Medpor, clinical outcome of, used for craniofacial (Technical Strategy), 9:394–399 reconstruction (Clinical Notes), 16:526–530 Graves ophthalmopathy, three-wall orbital decompressionouter table parietal, cranioplasty with (Point of View), in, for improvement of vision (Technical Strategy), 6:80–83 14:500–503pericranial dural inlay, for growing skull fractures, 9:65– Grisel syndrome: nontraumatic atlantoaxial rotatory 73 subluxation (Clinical Note), 19:1119–1121periost, periost flaps, and prefabricated periosteal flaps, Groin flap, axial aponeurofasciocutaneous (Surgical osteogenic capacities of (Experimental Studies), Strategy), 12:501–504 16:594–600 Growing skull fracturesprimary alveolar cleft bone, donor site morbidity of rib after cranial vault reshaping in infancy (Clinical Note), graft harvesting in (Brief Clinical Notes), 9:73–75 16:335–338 repair and reconstruction of, 9:65–73rib, donor site morbidity of, in primary alveolar cleft Growth bone grafting (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:335– condylar fractures during (Clinical Note), 10:87–92 338 73
  • 74. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY cranial, fronto-parieto-squamosal suture fusion and Growth factors, gene expression of, in membranous bone (Scientific Foundation), 7:122–129 healing (Scientific Foundation), 11:520 of cranial base in craniosynostosis, 2:194 Growth hormone, bone regenerative effect of, on craniofacial consolidation in mandibular distraction after suture immobilization in young rabbits, 8:483– osteogenesis of dog model (Original Articles), 489, 8:490 14:417–425 following rigid fixation (Scientific Foundation), Growth, interstitial, of bone revisited (Scientific 4:234–244 Foundations), 15:283–287 positional stability of microfixation and, 7:64–68 Growth-based classification of craniofacial dysmorphology, facial, pediatric mandibular fractures and, 10:323–328 6:270–280 facial skeletal, induction of, tissue expanders for Growth plates, cranial base, expansion of, hyaluron in (Technical Note), 2:42–46 (Literature Scan), 12:515 gross, and regrowth of sutures: reflections on personal Guided tissue regeneration (GTR) research (Original Articles), 14:438–444 barrier membranes, and reconstruction of cleft maxillary mandibular, after distraction (Symposium), 10:269 alveolus (Technical Strategies), 17:1153–1160 maxillary, in children after early facial bipartition osteoconduction and, in cranial defects, 7:32–35 (Scientific Foundation), 7:440–448 "osteopromotion principle" in (Clinical Study), midfacial, septopremaxillary ligament resection and, in 17:1105–1110 chimpanzee, 1:182 osteotomy fixation techniques and, in osseous wound nasal, in bilateral cleft lip and palate, 7:290–296 healing, 7:46–52 pattern of, in hemifacial microsomia treated by Guided tissue regeneration, sagittal suture regeneration by mandibular distraction osteogenesis, 10:480 (Clinical Note), 11:552 prediction of surgical outcome for craniofacial (Discussion), 12:197–199 dysmorphology and, 6:270–280 Gunshot injuries, maxillofacial, pre- and post-injuryGrowth, cranial psychiatric status of patients with (Clinical Notes), during deformational plagiocephaly treatment (Literature 17:1072–1075 Scan), 11:204 Gunshot wound guided tissue regeneration and (Clinical Note), 11:552 craniocerebral, penetrating civilian (Literature Scan),Growth, craniofacial 19:543 inhibition of, radiation-induced, 12:533–543 facial, contemporary issues in management of, 19:421– postnatal, personal environmental experimentation and 427 (Special Communication), 12:205–217 Gunshot wounds, facial, postoperative infections inGrowth factor(s) (Clinical Experience), 12:362–368 bone, age and (Scientific Foundation), 9:142–146 Gynecomastia, breast deformity (Clinical Notes), 17:461– in bone induction in craniofacial surgery, 1:154 464 cranial defect healing and (Eighth Conference of the ISCS), 12:401–404 Haas and Hyrax expanders in SARME, sagittal and vertical in craniofacial development (Eighth Conference of the maxillary effects after (Original Article), 18:1322– ISCS), 12:391–398 1326 in distraction osteogenesis of mandible (Basic Research), Hair, thin and short, interference during craniofacial surgery, 10:80–85 use of dental elastics to control (Technical fibroblast, basic, osteogenetic activity of recombinant Strategies), 17:1161–1162 human bone morphogenetic protein and Hallermann-Streiff syndrome (HSS) (Scientific Foundation), 7:418–424 (Clinical Experience), 10:160–167 fibroblast. See Fibroblast growth factors commentary on, 10:225 insulin-like Hamartoma calvarial bone defects and (Scientific Foundation), congenital smooth muscle, differentiation of, from 9:138–141 melanocytic nevi (Special Section: Giant type 1, critical-size defects in diabetic rats and, Congenital Nevus), 16:926–929 6:218–222 neuromuscular, of occipital nerve (Brief Clinical Notes), in osseous repair (Scientific Foundation), 4:103, 4:105– 16:741–742 107 rhabdomyomatous mesenchymal (Brief Clinical Notes),Growth factor- 1, transforming, in calvarial bone defect 16:1135–1136 healing (Scientific Foundation), 7:300–310 Hamartomatous syndrome, Proteus syndrome as (ClinicalGrowth factor binding, substituted dextran polymers and, Note), 6:151–159 7:19–22 HandGrowth factor receptor, fibroblastic, low activity of, in in Crouzon’s disease, 5:221 stenosed cranial sutures in Crouzon’s disease deformities of, in Apert syndrome (Symposium), 9:600 (Clinical Note), 6:245–24774
  • 75. SUBJECT INDEX reconstruction of, for acrocephalosyndactyly syndromes, tissue defects after tumor resection in, conjoint flaps for 8:279–283 reconstruction of (Scientific Foundation),Hand abnormalities associated with craniofacial syndromes 18:1451–1456 (Clinical Note Review), 709–712 tumor of, unresectable, 12:438–443 treadmill injuries, pediatric (Original Article), 14:487– Head bands in positional plagiocephaly treatment 490 (Technical Strategy), 11:177–183 (Discussion), 14:491–492 Head and neckHand burns, pediatric, management of, special neurofibromas, pediatric, single-stage total and near- considerations in, 19:933–941 total resection of (Clinical Experiences),Hard palate 17:506–510 foreign body in, long-term impaction of (Brief Clinical prosthetic reconstruction of, titanium implants for Note), 19:826–828 (Clinical Notes), 17:889–897 minor salivary gland of, EMC in (Brief Clinical Note), skin squamous cell carcinoma (HNSSCC), stage I, 19:1689–1691 clinical prognostic factors in (Clinical Note),Hard palate plasmacytoma of (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:164– 19:740–743 168 tumors of, unusual and giant (Special Section: Cancer),Hard palate mucoperiosteal graft, for posterior lamellar 17:1219–1229 reconstruction of upper eyelid (Technical Head and neck angiosarcomas (Brief Clinical Notes), Strategies), 18:684–690 16:700–702Hard palate mucosa, for upper eyelid reconstruction (Brief Head impacts, in collegiate football players Clinical Notes), 17:1011–1015 clinical measures of concussion after high-and low-Hard tissue replacement (HTR) facial implants (Symposium), magnitude impacts (Literature Scan), 19:549 10:409–410 relationship between head impact biomechanics andHead acute clinical outcome after concussion anthropometry of (Book Review), 6:259 (Literature Scan), 19:548 microsurgery of, 3:119–120 Head injuries, traumatic, and craniofacial surgery and neck (Editorial), 19:295–296 reconstruction of, regional and free flaps for, atlas of Headache, localized temporal, fibrous dysplasia of sphenoid (Book Review), 6:424 sinus and skull base presents in adult with tumors of, pull-through operations for, intraoral (Clinical Notes), 15:261–263 reconstruction after, radial forearm flap in, 3:213–216 Head trauma, cranial bone and dura mater loss caused by and neck, surgery on, atlas of (Book Review), 11:409 postoperative infection: pericranial flap for dura positioning of, in nonsynostotic positional posterior mater reconstruction (Brief Clinical Notes), plagiocephaly treatment (Clinical Note), 17:584–590 11:571 Head trauma, and CSF fistula (Scientific Foundation),Head and neck 19:441–445 CHNME, Clark’s, Breslow’s and TNM classifications Healing for, comparison among (Clinical Notes), of mandibular fractures (Clinical Note), 12:157–166 18:1353–1358 mandibular osteotomy, mouse model of, 12:444–450 consecutive primary tumors in (Clinical Note), 12:464– Healing, bone, spontaneous, in rabbit, 11:346–349 468 Health defects, reconstruction of, anterolateral thigh flap for American way of (Book Review), 6:258 (Technical Strategy), 19:1148–1153 poor, stress in families of children with craniofacial parosteal lipoma of (Clinical Note), 19:1122–1125 anomalies and, 2:15–16 recipient vessels in, determination using MCTA before setting, all-hazards approach for (Special Editorial), free flap surgery (Original Article), 18:1284– 17:820–821 1289 Health care reconstruction of, pectoralis major myocutaneous flap Pediatric plastic surgery in, 10:3–10 with metal plate for (Clinical Note), 12:326– reimbursement services, state of (Editorial), 17:1–2 336 system of, moving from chaos to serenity in (Editorial), reconstructive surgery with free flaps, diabetes as main 10:383–384 risk factor in (Technical Strategy), 19:1080– Health care delivery to the patients and the evolving 1084 systems of disruptions (Editorial), 15:895–896 reconstruction, use of free tissue transfers in (Clinical Health care executives (Editorial), 11:73–74 Note), 19:1577–1582 Health coverage, universal: an economic imperative sarcomas of, radiation-induced (Clinical Note), (Literature Scan), 19:1432 19:1287–1291 Health maintenance organizations (HMOs) (Editorial), 9:199 75
  • 76. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERYHealth-related quality of life (HRQOL), outcome of adult nasal gliomas: identification and differentiation from patients, after otoplasty (Original Articles), (Clinical Notes), 14:736–738 17:629–635 and pediatric vascular malformations, management ofHearing, percutaneous bone-anchored hearing aid (Special Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:783– (BAHA), 14:637–642 789Hect syndrome, trismus in (Clinical Note), 10:375–379 and PWS, laser treatment for (Special Section: VascularHedgehog signaling, sonic, craniofacial anomalies of Anomalies), 17:720–723 cultured mouse embryo induced by inhibition of, teratomas of sphenoid sinus differentiated from, 2:141 animal model of holoprosencephaly (Scientific Hemangioma, of accessory parotid gland (Brief Clinical Studies), 16:80–88 Notes), 18:1493–1496Hedgehog signaling cascade, sonic, gene expression Hemangioma, intraosseous, of infraorbital rim (Brief Clinical changes of, in mouse embryonic model of fetal Notes), 16:703–705 alcohol syndrome (Scientific Foundations), Hemangioma, intraosseous, of maxillofacial district: clinical 16:1055–1063 analysis and surgical treatment in 10 consecutiveHeimburg tuberous breast classification (Clinical Notes), patients (Clinical Studies), 15:980–985 17:454–467 Hemangioma, intraosseous, of orbit (Clinical Note),Helical computed tomography, identification of mandible 11:386–387 fractures by (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:394–398 HemangiopericytomaHelistat absorbable collagen sponge (Original Articles), of mandible, hemimandibulectomy for, reconstruction 16:1033–1042 using titanium plates with condyle and boneHelistat-activated collagen implant, role of recombinant graft of iliac crest (Surgical Strategies), 17:523– human bone morphogenetic protein-2 with 527 (Original Articles), 16:1023–1032 of temporal muscle (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:172–174Helmet therapy, soft shell, objective outcome analysis of, in Hemangiopericytoma, orbital, recurrence of, 9:55–59 the treatment of deformational plagiocephaly Hemangiopericytoma of infratemporal fossa, malignancy and (Clinical Notes), 15:643–650 (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1146–1150Helmet use: survey of 4 common childhood leisure activities Hematocrit, intraoperative losses of, complications of (Literature Scan), 14:815 craniofacial surgery and, 8:345, 8:347Helmet, pneumatic orthotic cranial molding, for correcting Hematology analyzer, validation of, preparation techniques positional plagiocephaly (Original Article), for counting and, accurate platelet counts for 17:139–144 platelet rich plasma and (Scientific Foundation),Helmets in positional plagiocephaly treatment nonhelmet 16:749–759 treatment vs. (Clinical Note), 11:571 Hematoma, chronic expanding, in temporal region (Brief (Technical Strategy), 11:177–183 Clinical Notes), 16:158–160Hemangioblastoma, inheritance (Clinical Note), 11:71–72 Hematomata, late subperiosteal, associated with craniofacialHemangioendothelioma, of frontal bone in child (Clinical surgery (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:390–393 Notes), 14:724–728 Hematoma, temporal, chronic expanding, computedHemangioma(s) tomography in diagnosis of (Brief Clinical Notes), advance evaluation and treatment of (Special Section: 17:567–570 Vascular Anomalies), 17:748–754 Hemicoronal suture synostosis, surgery on, computer-aided classification of (Special Section: Vascular Anomalies), design planning for, 12:549–551, 12:552–553 17:748–754 Hemifacial microsomia (HFM) diagnostic features of SWS (Special Section: Vascular adult case of, occlusal difficulties after simultaneous Anomalies), 17:724–728 mandibular and maxillary distraction in expression of Hox D3 in (Special Section: Vascular (Technical Strategies), 15:464–468 Anomalies), 17:767–771 assessment of, CT-based scoring system in (Clinical forehead, surgical techniques for removal of (Surgical Note), 12:87–94 Strategies), 17:702–704 classification of, systems for infantile, of accessory pituitary gland (Clinical Note), assessment of, 2:114–126 9:468–471 Converse, 2:16 intralesional laser therapy for (Special Section: Vascular David, 2:117–118 Anomalies), 17:756–760 description of, 2:114–119 intramuscular, surgical treatment of (Special Section: Munro and Lauritzen, 2:116, 2:117–118, 2:125, Vascular Anomalies), 17:745–747 2:126 intraosseous, 19:1459–1464 OMENS, 2:118–119, 2:125–126 intraosseus, of zygoma, aesthetical and functional patient examples of, 2:119–125 reconstruction in (Clinical Note), 6:506 Pruzansky, 2:115, 2:125, 2:126 involuted, ultrasound-assisted liposuction for, 10:500 Rollnick, 2:116–117 SAT, 2:117–118, 2:125–12676
  • 77. SUBJECT INDEX Tenconi and Hall, 2:116, 2:125, 2:126 Hemimandibulectomy for melanotic neuroectodermal tumor Vento, 2:118–119 of infancy (Clinical Note), 12:349–354 clinical aspects of (Symposium), 9:287–288 Hemimaxilla, and middle base of skull, one-stage distraction osteogenesis in zygomaticomandibular approach for improved combined simultaneous (Clinical Note), 12:253–258 access to (Technical Experience), 19:528–533 of costochondral neomandible, fibrous ankylosis after Hemimaxillofacial dysplasia (HMD), variable presentation (Clinical Note), 12:469–474 of (Clinical Note), 19:1554–1557 facial bone deformities associated with, 2:181–188 Hemimegalencephaly, Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber syndrome in growing child (Symposium), 9:288–290 with (Case Report), 12:194–196 longitudinal results of mandibular distraction Heminasal aplasia, unusual case of, proboscis lateralis or osteogenesis in (Scientific Foundation), cystic teratoma (Clinical Notes), 14:41–45 14:924–933 Heminasal proboscis with associated microphthalmos and mandibular deformities in, distraction osteogenesis for encephalocele (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:301–305 (Correspondence), 9:130 Hemodynamic instability in facial fractures, management of mandibular distraction osteogenesis in, 10:202–212 (Clinical Note), 11:97–105 masticatory muscle underdevelopment and craniofacial Hemoglobin, intraoperative losses of, complications of skeletal hypoplasia in, 12:31–40 craniofacial surgery and, 8:345, 8:346 microvascular transplants in, recipient vessels for, Hemophilia A, bimaxillary osteotomy in patient with (Brief 3:187–189 Clinical Notes), 17:705–707 in nongrowing patient (Symposium), 9:288–289, 9:290 Hemorrhage patients, masticatory muscle right-left differences in middle meningeal and superficial temporal artery, from controls and (Special Issue: Technical total temporomandibular joint replacement Strategies), 15:42–46 surgery with gelatin-based hemostatic agent perception of symmetry in face (Special Issue: Technical (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:309–311 Strategies), 15:128–134 orbit posttraumatic subperiosteal, in child associated radiographic assessment of (Symposium), 9:288 with subdural intracranial hemorrhage, severe mandibular deformities in, distraction diagnosis and treatment of (Brief Clinical osteogenesis for, 8:422–430 Notes), 16:407–410 simultaneous distraction osteogenesis and microsurgical subdural intracranial, diagnosis and treatment of orbit reconstruction of (Scientific Foundation), posttraumatic subperiosteal hemorrhage in 7:469–472 child associated with (Brief Clinical Notes), treated by mandibular distraction osteogenesis, growth 16:407–410 pattern in, 10:480 Hemorrhage in resection of masseter muscle and mandibularHemifacial microsomia, costochondral graft for, distraction angle, deep middle masseteric artery in (Anatomical lengthening of, 11:350–353 Landmarks), 12:381–385Hemifacial microsomia, determinants of successful (Discussion), 12:386 distraction osteogenesis of mandible in, from Hemorrhage, intracranial, resulting from skull base longitudinal results (Clinical Notes), 16:549–558 fracture as complication of Le Fort III osteotomyHemifacial microsomy, evolution of treatment protocols in, (Clinical Note), 14:545–548 mandibular distraction and (Original Article), Hemostatic agent, gelatin-based, management of middle 16:563–571 meningeal and superficial temporal arteryHemifacial mobilization, subcranial, 2:165A hemorrhage from total temporomandibular jointHemifacial rotation, early, maxillary growth in children after replacement surgery with (Brief Clinical Notes), (Scientific Foundation), 7:440–448 16:309–311Hemihyperplasia, facial, isolated (Brief Clinical Note), Hemostatic efficacy, development of an animal model to 19:279–283 evaluate (Scientific Foundation), 18:559–567Hemimandibular hyperplasia, treatment strategies for Herniation, cerebral, from lumbar cerebrospinal fluid (Clinical Strategy), 11:46–53 drainage, 3:147Hemimandibulectomy Herniation, of the mylohyoid muscle (Anatomical Studies), for hemangiopericytoma of mandible, reconstruction 15:566–569 using titanium plates with Heterotopic ossification (HO), in maxillary sinus, 19:684– condyle and bone graft of iliac crest (Surgical Strategies), 686 17:523–527 Heterotopic osteogenesis in demineralized bone, age and in situ osteogenesis with rhBMP-2 for mandible (Scientific Foundation), 9:142–146 reconstruction: osteoinduction via stem cell HFM. See Hemifacial microsomia (HFM) concentration (Clinical Notes), 17:405–412 Hibernoma of neck (Clinical Note), 12:284–286Hemimandibulectomy, mandibular reconstruction High condylar fracture, miniplate fixation of, and techniques after, 8:58–64 postoperative exercise regimen (Technical Strategies), 16:113–116 77
  • 78. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERYHigh-density porous polyethylene implants, craniofacial Horizontal branch of supraorbital nerve and temporal branch reconstruction with (Biomaterial Application), of facial nerve (Anatomical Strategies), 16:647–650 15:719–724 Horizontal maxillary osteotomy, with interpositional fibulaHigh-density porous polyethylene (HDP PE) implants, flap (Clinical Note), 19:1260–1262 exposed, evaluation and management of (Scientific Hormone, growth, bone regenerative effect of, on Foundation), 17:1129–1136 consolidation in mandibular distractionHigh-energy shotgun and rifle wounds to face, management osteogenesis of dog model (Original Articles), of (Clinical Notes), 16:794–804 14:417–425High-flow shunt, direct (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1130– Host response in implantation biology (Book Review), 1131 6:258–259High school reunion model of medical professionalism HSS. See Hallermann-Streiff syndrome (HSS) (Special Editorial; Medical Ethics), 16:747–748 Huge arteriovenous malformation extending from lower lipHighlights from the AAP National Convention (Editorial to chin, surgical treatment following, combination Note), 14:261 of embolization, total resection, and double crossHippel-Lindau disease, inheritance of (Clinical Note), lip flap for (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:443–448 11:71–72 Human bone morphogenetic protein, recombinant, repair ofHistologic evaluation alveolar clefts in patients with clefts with (Clinical of coronal sutures in trigonocephaly, 1:15 Notes), 16:778–789 of skull graft in rabbits, 3:203–206 Human bone morphogenetic protein 2 implant, toothHistologic study in man, mandibular bone deficit with (Brief eruption and (Research Foundation), 10:338–341 Clinical Notes), 16:174–180 Human bone morphogenetic protein-2, recombinant, withHistological examination of bone regeneration through Helistat-activated collagen implant (Original craniofacial bone distraction, 10:308–311 Articles), 16:1023–1032Histomorphometric evaluation of effects of platelet-rich Human cranium, measurement of pulsatile forces on plasma on remodeling of b-tricalcium phosphate in (Technical Strategies), 16:134–139 beagle dogs (Experimental Design), 16:150–154 Human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSC), for reconstruction ofHistomorphometry, 11:17–23 cranial defects in NIS rats (Scientific Foundation),Histomorphometry, and micro-CT, for assessment of bone 19:204–210 formation in calvarial experimental model, Human pulpar stem cells (HPSCs) correlation between (Scientific Foundation), osteoblasts derived from (ODHPSCs), genetic portraits 19:446–452 compared with normal osteoblasts (NOs),Histomorphometry in bone regeneration assessment 19:616–625 (Scientific Foundation), 7:300–310 discussion on, 19:626–627HIV seropositive patients, cheek augmentation with Bio- Humans, the existence of the vomeronasal organ in Alcamid in facial lipoatrophy in (Clinical Note), (Anatomic Study), 15:730–735 19:1085–1088 Hyalinosis, infantile systemic (Clinical Notes), 14:719–723Hole repairing, automatic, for cranioplasty using Bézier Hyaluron in cranial base growth plate expansion (Literature surface approximation (Technical Strategies), Scan), 12:515 16:1076–1084 Hyaluronic acid injection, severe granulomatous allergicHollowing, temporal tissue reaction after, in treatment of facial lines and anatomy of, superficial temporal fat pad and (Anatomical its surgical correction (Clinical Note), 14:197–200 Strategies), 16:651–654 Hydrocephalus superficial temporal fat pad and (Anatomic Study), Apert syndrome and (Symposium), 9:599 16:760–763 and brain wound in holoprosencephaly, correction ofHolmium YAG laser-assisted osteotomies, 8:14–16 (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:707–713Holoprosencephaly, animal model of, craniofacial anomalies and Chiari I malformation in patients with Crouzon’s of cultured mouse embryo induced by inhibition of syndrome, 2:160–161A sonic hedgehog signaling (Scientific Studies), craniosynostosis and (Literature Scan), 9:411 16:80–88 in Crouzon’s syndrome (Clinical Note), 6:401–404Holoprosencephaly, correction of brain wound in, and in frontoethmoidal meningoencephalocele, 2:3 massive hydrocephalus (Brief Clinical Notes), in Pfeiffer syndrome, 6:483 17:707–713 reduction cranioplasty for (Clinical Notes), 17:645–655Holoprosencephaly, lobar, surgical treatment of, 4:2–4 HydroxyapatiteHoloprosencephaly, patients, plastic surgery with bone morphogenetic protein, osteogenetic activity considerations for (Clinical Notes), 15:675–677 of, basic fibroblast growth factor and (ScientificHomeobox (Hox) genes, involvement of, in tumor Foundation), 7:418–424 angiogenesis (Special Section: Vascular in bone-ceramic composite, 2:27 Anomalies), 17:767–771 cranial bone defect reconstruction with (Clinical Note), 8:141–14578
  • 79. SUBJECT INDEX in cranial vault defect reconstruction (Symposium), histological analysis (Experimental Studies), 7:482–483 15:585–593 for facial augmentation (Symposium), 7:481 Discussion, 15:594 in facial reconstruction (Symposium), 10:406–407 Hydroxyapatite implant, fixing temporalis muscle to, using in onlay craniofacial augmentation, periosteum and titanium plate (Technical Note), 12:292–298 (Scientific Foundation), 9:260–266 Hydroxyapatite implant, porous, geometry of, osteogenesis ossification of, in cranial defect repair (Scientific and (Scientific Foundation), 7:71–78 Foundation), 7:347–351 Hydroxyapatite, solvent for (Clinical Note), 11:495–497 porous (Discussion), 11:498–499 calvarial reconstruction in baboons with, 3:149–159 Hydroxyapatite xenograft, bovine-derived, autogenous in full-thickness skull defect reconstruction, platelet-rich plasma in combination with, for comparison of inorganic bovine bone particles treatment of cystic lesion of jaw (Clinical Notes), with, 3:25–29 16:978–980Hydroxyapatite (HA), and biphasic calcium phosphate in Hydroxylapatite-coated implant fixation, biointegrated, of combination with pluronic F127 and BMP on bone facial prostheses (Literature Scan), 7:254 repair, evaluation of (Original Article), 18:1264– Hygroma, cystic 1275 craniofacial deformation in, 1:97Hydroxyapatite cement teratomas of sphenoid sinus differentiated from, 2:141 contouring of cranial vault irregularities with (Brief Hyoid bone abnormalities, in Pierre Robin patients Clinical Notes), 16:457–460 (Anatomical Study), 19:259–263 in pediatric craniofacial reconstruction (Technical Hyoid bone positions, changes in, after body ostectomies Strategies), 16:129–133 and sagittal split ramus osteotomies (ClinicalHydroxyapatite cement, for cranioplastic reconstruction: 2. Study), 16:23–30 clinical experience with new quick-setting material Hyoid chondroma as external neck mass, (Brief Clinical (Innovations and Techniques), 14:209– Notes), 18:1184–1186 214Hydroxyapatite cement cranioplasty, Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO), on normal and irradiated biochemical analysis of (Scientific Foundations), osteoblasts (Scientific Foundation), 19:757–765 15:415–422 Hypercondylia, problems in diagnosis and therapeutic Discussion, 15:422–423 indications, 19:406–410Hydroxyapatite cement, fate of, used for cranial contouring: Hyperostosis from intraorbital extension of meningiomas, histological evaluation of a case (Clinical Notes), 4:124–126 15:243–246 Hyperparathyroidism, normocalcemic, brown tumor inHydroxyapatite cement in cranioplasty, cerebral children with, report of two cases (Clinical Notes), microcirculation and (Basic Research), 12:191–193 14:69–73Hydroxyapatite cement cranioplasty materials, antibiotic Hyperplasia, bilateral, of coronoid processes (Brief Clinical elution from (Clinical Notes), 16:228–233 Notes), 16:723–726Hydroxyapatite cement paste Hyperplasia in Proteus syndrome (Clinical Note), 6:151– in cranioplasty for temporal hollowing after cranial vault 159 remodeling in growing child Hyperplasia, of coronoid process in patients with (Clinical Note), 8:506–511 ankylosing spondylitis (Clinical Note), 19:1114– as onlay implant for supraorbital and malar 1118 augmentation, 8:367–372 Hyperplasty, active or inactive, need for identification for for repairing zygomatic arch fractures (Research appropriate treatment, 19:406–410 Strategy), 8:236–239 HyperteleorbitismHydroxyapatite cement, resistant to fragmentation following early facial bipartition for, maxillary growth in children full cerebrospinal fluid bathing (Brief Clinical after (Scientific Foundation), 7:440–448 Note), 19:283–286 facial partition steel wire osteosynthesis for, delayedHydroxyapatite ceramic as carrier for recombinant human complication with (Clinical Note), 8:323–324 bone morphogenetic protein (Scientific Hypertelorism Foundation), 6:238–243 after craniofacial correction of giant frontoethmoidalHydroxyapatite cranioplasty: 1. experimental results from encephalomeningocele, 10:111–116 new quick-setting material (Innovations and correction of, late results of, 8:29–30 Techniques), 14:85–88 in frontoethmoidal encephalocele, 12:6–18Hydroxyapatite granules, hard tissue augmentation of in frontoethmoidal meningoencephalocele, 2:3 mandibular region with (Clinical Experience), in medial craniofacial cleft (Clinical Note), 8:318–321 14:919–923 orbital (Literature Scan), 10:526Hydroxypatitie, high-density porous polyethylene, and subcranial approach for correction of, 1:91 bone collagen, comparing the osteogenic capacities in Tessier no. 2 cleft (Clinical Note), 12:355–361 on bone substitutes: a biochemical and 79
  • 80. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERYHypertelorism, and telecanthus, in frontoethmoidal MEC, severe maxillary, in CLP patients, DO for management of, surgical correction of 19:1119–1214 orbital anthropomorphometric evaluation of the Khmer severe, reconstruction necessitated by (Brief Clinical subpopulation of Cambodia (Clinical Notes), 16:672–674 Note), 19:137–147 Hyposalivation, radiation therapy effect in irradiated telecanthus (Clinical Note), 19:148–158 patients with oral cancer, (Brief Clinical Notes),Hypertelorism, in Filipino frontonasal encephalocele 18:1157–1164 patients (Original Article), 18:268–273 Hypotelorism, residual, after cranioplasty forHypertension, intracranial trigonocephaly, 19:72–79 after coronal suturectomy for craniosynostosis, 10:104– Hypotensive anesthesia and recovery of cognitive function 109 in long-term craniofacial surgery (Clinical Notes), after early surgical treatment of syndromic 16:531–536 craniosynostosis, incidence of (Literature Hyrax and Haas expanders in SARME, sagittal and vertical Scan), 8:242 maxillary effects after (Original Article), 18:1322– in children with craniosynostosis, papilledema as 1326 indicator of (Literature Scan), 8:81 cranial vault deformity and, from cephalic molding at Iatrogenic traumatic brain injury, penetration of Kirschner’s delivery (Clinical Report), 10:226–229 Knitting Needle into middle cranial cavity in craniosynostosis, higher learning function and (Technical Strategies), 18:674–679 (Symposium), 9:574–575 Idiopathic muscular torticollis, recalcitrant, in infants with in patient with craniofacial synostosis and patent botulinum toxin type A (Brief Clinical Notes), sutures, 8:373–378 16:321–326 (Commentary), 8:471 Idiopathic orbital inflammatory disease, (Brief Clinical in Pfeiffer syndrome, 6:483 Notes), 18:1148–1152Hypertelorbitism, K stitch for, improved soft tissue Iliac bone correction with glabellar width reduction and graft of (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:855–858 cranial bone graft vs, in facial skeleton, 6:113–119Hyperthermia, malignant (Special Note), 14:800–802 preemptive analgesia in (Clinical Study), 9:448–451Hypertrophic scars, and keloids after burns in children, grafting of, percutaneous, of secondary alveolar clefts, prevention and management of, 19:989–1006 2:135–138Hypertrophy of coronoid process in Moebius syndrome thickness map of, 8:274–278 (Clinical Note), 10:93–95 Iliac bone graft, shifting of nerve passage over iliac crest byHypodontia, osseointegration and guided bone skin retraction in harvesting (Anatomic Studies), regeneration in patients with (Original Article), 18:1447–1450 18:1296–1304 Iliac bone, secondary alveolar cleft grafts using (BriefHypoglossal-facial anastomosis (HFA), comparison of laser Clinical Notes), 16:864–868 nerve welding and microsurgical suturing Iliac crest flap, and vascularized fibular flap for mandibular (Experimental Study), 17:687–691 reconstruction (Technical Strategy), 19:227–234Hypoglossal nerve, facial reanimation by: anatomic Iliac crest graft, for prosthetic reconstruction, tooth comparison of different techniques (Literature autotransplantation in (Clinical Note), 19:1281– Scan), 19:829 1286Hypoglossia-hypodactyly syndrome, clinical and surgical Iliac crest graft, free, for mandibular reconstruction after aspects of, 3:33–34 hemimandibulectomy, 8:59Hypopharyngeal MALT lymphoma, (Brief Clinical Notes), Iliac crest osteocutaneous flap reconstruction, for 18:1190–1192 ameloblastoma of mandible in patient with bilateralHypophosphatemia, mesenchymal tumor of the ethmoid peronea artery magna: case report, 14:809–814 associated with oncogenic osteomalacia (Clinical Ilium, vascular iliac crest with inner table of, as option in Notes), 15:523–527 maxillary reconstruction (Special Issue: TechnicalHypopigmentation, localized, frontoethmoidal Strategies), 15:23–28 meningoencephalocele and (Clinical Note), 8:78– Ilizarov principle for distraction of frontal bone outside 79 cranial plane, 4:177–181Hypoplasia Iloprost, on calvarial sutures, effects of, 19:1472–1480 congenital mandibular (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:291– Image-guided navigation, 3D, for orbitozygomatic fractures 300 (Clinical Notes), 17:837–842 multivectorial, external halo-assisted midface distraction Imaging, surface, three-dimensional, limitations and in patients with severe (Technical Strategy), considerations from anthropometric perspective of 19:1663–1669 (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:847–850 orbitozygomatic, correction of, 10:11–17 Imaging orbitozygomatic, radiation-induced, DO of, 19:678–683 artifact in, from skeletal fixation, 4:67–7380
  • 81. SUBJECT INDEX panoramic, of craniosynostosis, three-dimensional, Implant(s), absorbable, critical concepts of (Scientific 2:165A Foundation), 11:335–341 three-dimensional, 2:194 Implant(s), collagen, type I, for critical size defect in ratImaging, optical surface imaging (3D) in medicine mandible, 12:573–579 (Technical Experience), 19:517–524 Implant geometry, osteogenesis and (Scientific Foundation),Imaging, system, new three-dimensional cranial, 7:71–78 development of (Technical Strategies), 15:175–181 Implantable fixation devices in children and in adults, boneImmunocompromised patients healing in presence of (Editorial), 19:1435–1437 Aspergillus fumigatus and Eikenella corrodens Implantable materials in facial aesthetic and reconstructive infections in (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:578– surgery (Symposium), 7:473–486 583 Implantation lethal invasive mucormycosis in (Brief Clinical Notes), biomaterial, in facial esthetic diseases (Clinical Note), 17:578–583 19:1098–1103Immunohistochemical study on effect of induction of different lyophilized bones and cartilage for chemotherapy on changes in laminin and syndecan reconstruction in craniofacial surgery, longterm expression in oral squamous cell carcinoma results after, 2:166A (Scientific Study), 16:205–212 Silastic, for orbital blowout fracture, complication ofImmnohistochemistry in study of role of growth factors in (Clinical Note), 9:452–455 distraction osteogenesis of mandible (Basic commentary on, 9:456–458 Research), 10:80–85 Implantology, intraoral and extraoral, osteointegration in,Immobilization models for craniosynostosis, 6:459 SPECT in long-term evaluation of, 8:379–382Immunolocalization in cranial defect healing, TCF-B and In utero craniofacial fetal fixation, 7:412–417 (Eighth Conference of the ISCS), 12:401–404 In utero surgery, for cleft lip/palate: minimizing “rippleImplant osseointegration, anatase coating (AC) biologic effect” of scarring (Scientific Foundation), 14:504– effects (Scientific Foundations), 18:806–810 511Implant(s) In utero surgery for Tessier 7 lateral facial clefts (Scientific bioabsorbable polymer, science of, 8:87–91 Foundation), 9:557–563 bonding strength of, material porosity and, in Incident fluorescence photometry, tetracycline, to study craniofacial model, 1:191 effect of periosteal preservation on osteogenesis, bone-anchored, for absent ear (Scientific Foundation), 5:161–171 19:744–747 Incision, bicoronal, MicroDissection cautery needle vs cold craniofacial, osseointegrated, in facial rehabilitation scalpel in, 9:344–347 (Technical Strategy), 9:388–393 Incisive canal, nasopalatine duct cyst and (Clinical Note), dental, osseointegrated, in mandibular reconstruction 5:57–60 (Technical Strategy), 8:512–521 Incisor war, complex congenital craniofacial deformities extraoral, for maxillofacial prosthetic rehabilitation, and (Editorial), 14:129 19:398–405 Inclusion cyst, epidermoid, eroding calvarium (Clinical in dentistry (Book Review), 9:96 Note), 7:148–150 fabrication of, computerized modeling in (Technical Indiana University’s approach to treatment of congenital Strategy), 9:548–556 nevi (Special Section: Giant Congenital Nevus), Helistat-activated collagen, role of recombinant human 16:915–920 bone morphogenetic protein-2 with Individualization of correction of multiple secondary (Original Articles), 16:1023–1032 clefting deformities, 6:120–124 intraorbital, after enucleation (Literature Scan), 10:171– Induction chemotherapy, effect of, on changes of laminin and 172 syndecan expression in oral squamous cell osseointegrated, for cranial bone grafts for mandibular carcinomas, prospective, randomized, reconstruction (Technical Strategy), 4:51–57 clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study polyethylene, porous high-density, in temporal contour of (Scientific Study), 16:205–212 reconstruction, 4:74–78 Inductive factors in osseous repair (Scientific Foundation), ultra-thin porous, used for reconstruction of orbital floor 4:104–105 defects, long-term outcomes of (Clinical Notes), Infancy, melanocytic neuroectodermal tumor of (Brief 16:973–977 Clinical Notes), 18:450–454Implants Infant mandibular distraction, with internal curvilinear PLDLA 96/4 fibrous scaffold, role in tissue engineering device (Technical Experiences), 18:1403–1407 (Anatomic Studies), 17:1121–1128 Infant rabbit orbitozygomatic complex (OZC), periosteum- porous high-density polyethylene (HDP PE), exposed, derived osteoblast-like primary cell culture model evaluation and management of (Scientific from, (Scientific Foundations), 18:1048–1049 Foundation), 17:1129–1136 Infant(s). See also Pediatric patient(s) 81
  • 82. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY with Apert’s syndrome, cranial suture disease in, 7:271– procedures (Clinical Experience), 12:362–368 274 Inferior alveolar nerve bregmatic masses in, 7:204–206 in edentulous mandible, description of (Anatomic and children, metopic, uni/bilateral coronal synostosis Studies), 16:6–9 in, extended resorbable spanning plates to FOA vulnerability of, during genioplasty (Anatomic Studies), for (Clinical Notes), 17:241–245 16:10–14 and children undergoing elective cleft palate repair, Inferior alveolar nerve regeneration, in distraction preoperative local ropivacaine infiltration on osteogenesis, role of nerve growth factor and brain- postoperative pain scores in, 19:1221–1224 derived neurotropic factor in (Clinical Review), cleft lip and palate repair in, using alveolar molding 14:859–865 appliance and lip adhesion (Clinical Note), Inferior alveolar neurovascular canal, course of, relative to 12:148–156 sliding genioplasty, 3:20–24 with cleft lip and palate, nasoalveolar molding in, natal Inferior oblique, origin of, depression of, in blow-in orbital teeth as potential impediment to (Technical fracture (Scientific Foundation), 7:449–459 Experience), 16:262–266 Inferior orbital rim fixation, treatment of zygomatic fractures cranial deformity in, supine sleeping position and, 7:5– without (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:481–484 11, 7:12–17 Information pollution (Editorial), 12:103–104 distraction in (Symposium), 10:271 Inferior rectus muscle, on coronal CT, for prediction of facial asymmetry in (Brief Clinical Note), 19:279–283 enopthalmos in orbital floor fractures (Clinical growing, overdistraction in, for completion of growth, Notes), 18:127–132 19:113–120 Inflammatory pseudotumor, in mandible (Clinical Note), head shape changes in DP, cranial remolding orthosis 19:1552–1553 using noninvasive laser shape digitizer Information retrieval system in form of powerful search (Clinical Notes), 17:1084–1091 engine (Editorial Note), 14:426 mandibular restoration in, autogenous rib grafts for Information retrieval systems, future direction in (Editorial), (Clinical Notes), 17:255–260 7:175 premature, massive teratoma of sphenoid sinus in, 2:140– Information systems (Editorial), 11:1–2 145 Informed consent, ethics and (Special Editorial), 11:3–4 recalcitrant idiopathic muscular torticollis in, with Infraorbital nerve botulinum toxin type A (Brief Clinical Notes), communication of, and facial nerve: anatomic and 16:321–326 histologic study (Special Issue: Technical screw and plate fixation in, 7:267–270 Strategies), 15:88–91 teratoma, presenting as scalp mass in (Brief Clinical cutaneous distribution of (Special Issue: Technical Notes), 17:1009–1011 Strategies), 15:3–5 upper lip and nose of, anthropometric study of (Anatomic Discussion, 15:5 Studies), 17:57–61 Infraorbital nerve, dysesthesia in area of, from cellular phone with upper respiratory obstruction, midface distraction use after miniplate osteosynthesis (Clinical Note), without osteotomies in (Clincal Note), 12:475–478 19:1603–1607 Infraorbital nerve area, cutaneous sensibility on (AnatomicInfants, head shape in. See Deformational plagiocephaly Studies), 16:953–956 (DP) Infraorbital nerve (ION), branching patterns, andInfantile systemic hyalinosis (Clinical Notes), 14:719–723 topography within infraorbital space (AnatomicInfected frontal sinus fractures, simultaneous obliteration Studies), 17:1111–1115 and treatment of (Technical Experiences), 18:680– Infraorbital nerves, and supraorbital nerves, location of, 683 facial fracture approaches with landmark ratios toInfection(s) predict: anatomic study (Original Article), burn wound, microbiology of, 19:899–902 14:473–477 calvarial bone graft, bacterial exposure required to Infraorbital rim, intraosseous hemangioma of (Brief Clinical induce, by superficial contamination (Scientific Notes), 16:703–705 Foundation), 5:247–253 Infraorbital space, branching patterns and topography of fungal wound, association with mortality in burn ION within (Anatomic Studies), 17:1111–1115 patients (Literature Scan), 19:1186 Infratemporal fossa, hemangiopericytoma of, malignancy and Mycobacterium tuberculosis, within parotid gland (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1146–1150 warthin tumor (Clinical Note), 19:1561–1565 Infratemporal fossa approach to oncological surgery, TMJ wound, complicating craniofacial surgery, 8:344 reconstruction and function after, 8:383–390Infection(s) in cephalohematomas Infratemporal fossa lateral rhinotomy, and transnasal (Clinical Note), 11:371–375 endoscopic surgery, surgical approaches for (Discussion), 11:376 nasopharyngeal neoplasm, comparitive analysis ofInfection(s), postoperative, in craniofacial reconstructive (Clinical Notes), 17:15–2082
  • 83. SUBJECT INDEXInherent viscosity, effect of hot-tip exposure on, in Intelligence, Apert syndrome and (Symposium), 9:599 intraoperative molding (Scientific Studies), Intelligence in children with craniofacial anomalies, risk 17:920–925 factors for (Clinical Notes), 16:517–525Inion fast-absorbing biodegradable plates and screws, Intelligence in children with craniofacial anomalies, risk biodegradation of (Scientific Foundation), 19:748– factors for (Clinical Notes), 16:517–525 756 Intercanthal distance in Filipino children, normative dataInjury for, 12:427–432 burn (Discussion), 12:433 complex, nonoperative management of, 19:1016– Intercartilaginous midmarginal incision, closed rhinoplasty 1019 with (Technical Experience), 19:1658–1659 management, ethical considerations in, 19:895–898 Interforaminal section of upper and lower jaw, evaluation of pediatric patients with, psychological rehabilitation alveolar ridge bend and length in, in planning of, 19:882–887 endosseous dental implants, 2:101–108 pediatric, topical antimicrobials in wound Interleukin-6, titanium implants and (Scientific management, 19:913–922 Foundation), 9:254–259 treatment by cellular repair, 19:903–906 Intermaxillary anteroposterior skeletal disharmony, adults wound infections, microbiology of, 19:899–902 with, cranial base inclinaton in (Technical burn wounds, tangential excision of, 19:1056–1060 Strategies), 19:211–215 calvarial, gene expression in response to, age-dependent Intermaxillary fixation differences in (Scientific Foundation), 19:1292– for mandibular fractures, scintigraphic evaluation of, 1301 8:270–272 craniomaxillofacial, complex-type of penetrating simple, for maxillomandibular osteosynthesis for (Clinical Notes), 17:442–446 maxillomandibular osteosynthesis (Technical fireworks, complex craniofacial trauma from, 19:322–327 Strategy), 7:170–172 frontonasal duct, fascio-subcutaneous extension of free Intermaxillary fixation in pediatric mandible fractures radial forearm flap for (Technical Strategies), (Technical Note), 11:236–238 17:1163–1166 Intermaxillary fusion, congenital, Tessier type VI-VII cleft head, traumatic, and craniofacial surgery (Editorial), combination and anophthalmia associated with, 19:295–296 8:54–57 maxillofacial Internal barrel stave osteotomy for lambdoidal synostosis in motorcyclists in Malaysia, pattern of, 19:316–321 (Technical Strategy), 4:113 sport-related, management of, 19:377–382 Internal bioresorbable device, distraction osteogenesis of missile, posttraumatic, to orofacial region, 19:300–305 mandible with (Surgical Strategies), 14:791–796 ocular, orbital foreign body, penetrating from cheek Internal derangement (ID), patients with, TMJ disc of (Clinical Note), 19:439–440 histochemical survey of (Anatomic Studies), to surgical patients, strategies for prevention of 18:1429–1433 (Literature Scan), 19:830–831 Internal distraction device (IDD), maxillary advancement thermal, pediatric fluid resuscitation after, 19:910–912 with, in cleft palate patients (TechnicalInjury, cervical spine, association with maxillofacial trauma Experience), 18:177–185 (Original Article), 18:1259–1263 Internal distraction, maxillary advancement and transpalatalInner canthus, arterial features of, confirming safety for flap expansion in patient with cleft lip and palate by design (Clinical Notes), 17:864–868 (Brief Clinical Note), 19:1415–1419Innervation, of temporomandibular joint, clinical Internal distraction device(s) implications of (Anatomical Studies), 235–239 in surgery for craniosynostosis syndromes involvingIn situ osteogenesis (ISO) midface and orbit, 9:100–112, 9:119–122 (Original Articles), 16:1033–1042 for unilateral coronal synostosis, 10:467 distraction-assisted, reconstruction of #7 facial cleft with Internal distraction device for craniofacial distraction en (Original Articles), 16:1023–1032 bloc (Clinical Note), 11:246–251 of hemimandible with rhBMP-2 (Clinical Notes), (Commentary), 11:252–253 17:405–412 Internal fixationInsulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) in craniofacial surgery calvarial bone defects and (Scientific Foundation), microsystem for, indications for, 1:35 (Technical 9:138–141 Strategy), 7:160–163 critical-size defects in diabetic rats and, 6:218–222 craniomaxillofacial skeleton and, 6:132–137 in distraction osteogenesis of mandible (Basic Research), rigid 10:80–85 of complex cranio-orbital fractures, 4:9, 4:18 effect of, on calvarial sutures in Sprague-Dawley rat in craniomaxillofacial surgery, 5:95–102 (Scientific Foundation), 4:35–38 for maxillomandibular osteosynthesis for in osseous repair (Scientific Foundation), 4:103–106 maxillomandibular osteosynthesis (Technical 83
  • 84. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY Strategy), 7:170–172 Intracranial cavity in reconstruction of osteoma of frontoethmoidal craniofacial surgery involving, complications of sinuses, 2:76, 2:78 (Clinical Review), 11:168–171Internal fixation, absorbable, critical concepts of (Scientific teratoma of oropharyngeal cavity extending into Foundation), 11:335–341 (Clinical Note), 11:106–112Internal fixation hardware, removal of, method for: “sardine Intracranial pressure, distraction osteogenesis for child with can technique” (Brief Clinical Notes), 15:1025– (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:557–560 1026 Intracranial volume (ICV), and surface area of foramenInternal jugular vein (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1130–1131 magnum (FM), relationship between (ScientificInternal Le Fort I distractor, new, for treatment of midface Foundation), 17:326–330 hypoplasia (Special Issue: Technical Strategies), Intracranial endoscopy, application of, to pituitary surgery 15:124–127 (Surgical Strategies), 16:812–818International Anthropometric Study of facial morphology in Intracranial hemorrhage, subdural, diagnosis and treatment various ethnic groups/races (Original Article), of orbit posttraumatic subperiosteal hemorrhage in 16:615–646 child associated with (Brief Clinical Notes),International Congress of the International Society of 16:407–410 Craniofacial Surgery (ISCFS), 12 th international Intracranial hypertension. See Hypertension, intracranial congress, 2007, highlights of proceedings from Intracranial invasion, 20 years after postoperative (Editorial Note), 19:551–554 irradiation, malignant fibrous histiocytoma of scalpInternational Society of Craniofacial Surgery (ISCFS), for (Clinical Notes), 14:74–77 clinical, educational, and research innovation Intracranial nasal dermoid, frontonasal osteotomy to (Special Editorial), 17:215–216 facilitate removal of (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:732–International Society for Craniofacial Surgery (ISCFS), new 735 protocols and guidelines for craniosynostosis Intracranial pressure (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:436–442 elevated. See Hypertension, intracranialInternational surgical exchange program, for children with monitoring of, in craniosynostosis (Clinical Note), cleft lip/palate in Manaus, Brazil: patient and 10:260–262 family expectations of outcome (Clinical Notes), in syndromic craniosynostosis (Symposium), 9:598 15:170–174 Intracranial procedures, endoscopic dissection of dura andInternational Union Against Cancer (UICC) ‘97 stage craniotomy as (Scientific Foundation), 9:154–161 grouping for cancer, TANIS system compared with Intracranial tumor with orbital extension, 4:124–127 (Clinical Note), 12:141–144 Intracranial volumeInterpositional fibula flap, horizontal maxillary osteotomy in children with craniosynostosis, 1:1 with (Clinical Note), 19:1260–1262 in craniosynostosisInternet, congenital melanocytic nevi and, evaluation of childhood cranio-orbital reshaping and available web-based resources and (Special (Symposium), 9:575 Section: Giant Congenital Nevus), 16:894–896 in rabbits, 9:234–238Internet, ethics and (Special Editorial), 11:7–8 in infants with deformational plagiocephaly, computedInternet, information pollution on (Editorial), 12:103–104 tomography assessment of, 9:493–503Interorbital space, transnasal approach to, (Technical Intracranial volume, measurement of metopic Strategy), 5:130–135 craniosynostosis (Clinical Notes), 15:1014–1016Interrelated buccal fat pad with facial buccal branches and Discussion, 15:1017–1018 parotid duct (Anatomical Strategies), 16:658–660 Intracranial volume, normal, CT-determined (ScientificIntoxication, phenol, in child (Clinical Notes), 15:1010– Foundation), 11:211–223 1013 Intracraniofacial Surgery, prevention and treatment ofIntraalveolar collagen sponges, systemic alendronate with, penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae on postextractive bone resorption (Clinical Note), (Clinical Note), 19:1542–1548 19:1061–1066 Intradiploic epidermoid cyst of occipital bone (ClinicalIntra-arterial chemotherapy, with subsequent Note), 6:161–163 irradiation/surgical care for oropharyngeal Intralesional injection of fibrin glue for cavernous carcinoma (Clinical Notes), 18:133–136 lymphangioma removal, 11:42–45Intracapsular fractures, of mandibular condyle: diagnosis, Intralesional laser therapy, for hemangiomas (Special treatment, and anatomical and pathological Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:756–760 evaluations (Clinical Notes), 14:184–191 Intramembranous demineralized bone matrix as implants forIntracerebral pneumocephalus, traumatic frontal bone osseous defects, 10:177–184 fracture resulting in (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:461– Intramuscular coronoid fracture, 3:228, 3:229 462 Intramuscular fascia, temporal, innervation pattern ofIntracranial approach to frontonasal encephalocele (Clinical (Anatomic Study), 9:185–189 Note), 6:386–389 Intramuscular hemangioma of lower lip (Brief Clinical84
  • 85. SUBJECT INDEX Notes), 18:958–959 Introduction (Special Issue: Regenerative Medicine),Intraneural topography, of extratemporal facial nerve 14:266–267 (Anatomic Studies), 18:578–585 IntubationIntraoperative and postoperative edema, (Orthognathic in airway management for midface fractures, 8:201–206 Surgery Continued), 18:1207 difficult, nasal laryngeal mask airway and (ClinicalIntraoperative molded cranioplasty, cost-effective patient- Note), 9:383–387 specific (Technical Experience), 19:777–781 oroendotracheal, transmylohyoid, 3:39–40Intraoperative surgical steps, sequence of (Orthognathic tracheal, submental, in comminuted panfacial fracture Surgery Continued), 18:1205 management, 9:514–521Intraoral device for transoral maxillary distraction Intubation, submental, in craniomaxillofacial trauma as osteogenesis of unrepaired bilateral alveolar cleft alternative to tracheostomy (Brief Clinical Notes), (Clinical Note), 10:369–374 16:498–499Intraoral distraction of patient with premaxilla agenesis In vitro method for dissecting distraction osteogenesis (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:500–503 (Scientific Studies), 16:71–79Intraoral distraction osteogenesis, unilateral mandibular IQ, increased intracranial pressure in craniosynostosis and ramus elongation by (Surgical Strategies), 16:247– (Symposium), 9:574–575 254 Iranian females, ideal soft tissue facial profile in (BriefIntraoral lining, opened pocket method for reconstruction of Clinical Notes), 16:508–511 (Technical Strategies), 18:198–202 Iraq, and Afghanistan, trauma caused by conflicts in,Intraoral procedures, in patients with vascular tumors, reflections on (Special Editorial), 19:297–299 complication of (Brief Clinical Note), 19:816–819 Iraq, periorbital and orbital malignancies in, managementIntraoral reconstruction after pull-through operation, radial and reconstruction of (Clinical Notes), 18:1370– forearm flap in, 3:213–216 1375Intraoral skin graft, stabilizing to cheek, eye patch sandwich Iron, rat coronal suture fusion in vitro induced by, redox technique for (Technical Experience), 19:1641– regulation in, 8:262–272 1642 Irradiated bovine tendon, experimental study of (ScientificIntraoral splint, dynamic method for stabilizing intraoral Foundations), 18:551–558 skin grafts that is simple, inexpensive, and effective Irradiation, bone healing impairment from, recombinant (Special Issue: Technical Strategies), 15:20–22 human bone morphogenetic protein-2 for (Scientific Discussion, 15:22 Foundation), 9:131–137Intraoral submandibular gland resection (Technical Irradiation, and microvascular reconstruction (Clinical Strategy), 12:299–303 Notes), 18:1359–1369Intraorbital arteriovascular malformations (AVMs), surgical Irradiation of palate, oronasal fistula from, closure of management issues in, (Clinical Notes), 18:1091– (Discussion), 12:500 1093 (Technical Strategies, Ideas, and Innovations), 12:495–Intraorbital bone expander, custom, computerassisted design 499 and clinical application of, 2:160A Irradiation, postoperative, malignant fibrous histiocytoma ofIntraorbital dermoid cyst, atypical presentation of scalp with intracranial invasion 20 years after (Correspondence), 19:1715–1716 (Clinical Notes), 14:74–77Intraorbital implants after enucleation (Literature Scan), Iran, malignant oral tumors in: analyses of patient and tumor 10:171–172 characteristics (Special Section: Cancer), 17:1230–Intraorbital tissue expansion in congenital anophthalmos 1233 management (Literature Scan), 8:241–242 Ischemic optic neuropathy, anterior, complicating cranialIntraosseous hemangiomas, 19:1459–1464 vault reconstruction for sagittal synostosis inIntraosseous hemangioma of infraorbital rim (Brief Clinical child (Clinical Notes), 16:559–562 Notes), 16:703–705 Ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury, medical therapy for (BriefIntraosseous hemangioma site, previously excised, soft Clinical Notes), 18:457–458 tissue hemangioma formation within (Special Issue: Island flap, frontotemporal fasciocutaneous, for facial Technical Strategies), 15:82–83 aesthetic subunit reconstruction, 10:330–336Intraosseous hemangioma of orbit (Clinical Note), 11:386– Isolated bilateral coronal synostosis: early treatment by 387 peri-fronto-orbital craniectomy, 19:40–44Intraosseus hemangiomas of zygoma, aesthetical and Isolated bilateral pure macrostomia, in child (Brief Clinical functional reconstruction in (Clinical Note), 6:506 Note), 19:1409–1410Intraosseous lipoma, (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1153–1154 Isolated facial hemihyperplasia (Brief Clinical Note),Intraosseous plating 19:279–283 commentary on, 9:247 Isolated sphenoid sinus mucocele: etiology and (Scientific Foundation), 9:171–176 management (Technical Strategy), 19:1381–1384Intratemporal facial paralysis as complication of Isolated xanthoma of frontal bone (Brief Clinical Notes), condylectomy (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:185–189 16:391–393 85
  • 86. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERYIsotonic saline injection, surgical correction of cryptotia century (Editorial), 10:465 combined with intraoperative distention using Jugular vein, internal (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1130–1131 (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:473–475 Juvenile active ossifying fibroma (JAOF), in children and Israel, maxillofacial trauma from terror in (Clinical Notes), adolescents, hemimandibulectomy for (Clinical 18:62–66 Notes), 17:405–412It is not fragmentation, but pure concolidation, for future Juvenile arthritis, distraction osteogenesis for (Brief progress (Editorial), 14:601 Clinical Notes), 17:387–390Ivory osteoma, of craniofacial skeleton (Clinical Notes), Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (JNA), surgical 14:729–735 approaches for (Clinical Notes), 17:15–20 Juvenile ossifying fibroma of midface (Clinical Note),Japanese and Korean beauty in late 18th and early 19th 10:442–446 centuries, anthropometric comparison of (Clinical Kadish staging system for Esthesioneuroblastoma (ENB), Notes), 16:790–793 (Original Articles), 18:1036–1037Jaw fractures, pediatric, maxillomandibular fixation in Kaplan-Meier curve, for BCC and SCC overall recurrence (Technical Note), 11:236–238 rate and overall survival rate (Original Articles),Jaws 18:1025–1029 avascular necrosis of, new treatment of (Clinical Notes), Keloid or hypertrophic scar formation, in NF-1 patients, 17:1080–1083 (Original Articles), 18:1009–1011 central giant cell granuloma of, genetic profiling of (Brief Keloid, and radium neddle therapy, risk of enhancing Clinical Notes), 16:399–406 carcinogenic effects in SCC (Brief Clinical Notes), cystic lesion of, autogenous platelet-rich plasma in 17:360–363 combination with bovine-derived Keloid treatment, combined surgical excision and radiation hydroxyapatite xenograft for treatment of therapy for, (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1164–1168 (Clinical Notes), 16:978–980 Keloids, after burns in children, prevention and management deformity, associated with cleft lip and cleft palate of, 19:989–1006 (Technical Strategies), 17:962–969 Keloids, management of, new therapies for, 14:654–657 lymphoma, Middle East, apoptotic changes of (Clinical Keratinocytes, growth of, impact of microenvironment on, Notes), 17:231–235 19:1523–1525 osteonecrosis of, high-dosage IV bisphosphonates Keratoacanthoma type of squamous cell carcinoma of lip in therapy (Clinical Notes), 17:876–879 young child, 7:60–63Jaw surgery, (Orthognathic Surgery Continued), 18:1204 Kids’ Inpatient Database (KID), for information on pediatric“J-hook headgear” for repositioning of premaxilla in facial fractures, 19:339–349 bilateral cleft lip and palate (Brief Clinical Notes), Kimura disease, differential diagnosis for EAF (Special 17:1198–1207 Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:812–814Johanson-Blizzard syndrome facial anomaly, correction of Kimura disease (KD) (Brief Clinical Note), 19:1702–1705 (Clinical Note), 6:382–385 Kimura diseases, diagnostic imaging findings and surgicalJoint(s) treatment of, (Clinical Notes), 18:1062–1066 mandibular, dysfunction of, with otalgia from bomb Kinetics, resorption, of eggshell (Scientific Foundation), explosion wave, 3:223–225 12:53–58 temporomandibular. See Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) Kirschner’s Knitting needle, penetration into middleJoint(s), temporomandibular, ankylosis of, surgery for, cranial cavity (Technical Strategies), 18:674–679 silicon in (Clinical Note), 12:232–236 Kleblattschä el deformity, frontofacial osteotomies withJoint, temporomandibular. See Temporomandibular joint distraction osteogenesis for (Technical Strategy),Jordanians, patients with cleft lip/palate, outcome of SABG 8:308–317 before and after eruption of canine in (Clinical Kleeblattschädel syndrome, 2:59 Notes), 18:1331–1337 Klippel-Trenaunay Syndrome (KTS)Journal, value of, in future directions of fields of craniofacial complex malformations occurring on extremity (Special surgery (Editorial), 16:745–746 Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:783–789Journal of Craniofacial Surgery diagnostic features of (Special Section: Vascular European Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery and Anomalies: Vascular Anomalies), 17:724–728 (Editorial), 12:305–306 Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber syndrome with formation of, historical perspectives on (Editorial Note), hemimegalencephaly (Case Report), 12:194–196 19:836–842 Knotted urethral catheter in child with trigonocephaly future of, communication advances and (Editorial), (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:497 12:517–518 Knowledge and ignorance, difference between, in written special edition on American Association of Pediatric word (Editorial), 17:397–398 Plastic Surgery (Special Editorial), 19:875– Kole glossectomy, for tongue reduction in macroglossia in 876 BWS (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:369–371Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, history of, as bridge to new Korean and Japanese beauty in late 18th and early 19th86
  • 87. SUBJECT INDEX centuries, anthropometric comparison of (Clinical Lamella, surgical correction of orbital and periorbital Notes), 16:790–793 deformities using, in both orbital rim and wallK stitch for hypertelorbitism, improved soft tissue (Technical Strategies), 16:144–149 correction with glabellar width reduction and Lamellar split osteotomy, malar augmentation using, 5:116– (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:855–858 123K-wire, transmandibular, in the management of airway Laminin, effect of induction chemotherapy on changes of, in obstruction in Pierre Robin sequence (Surgical oral squamous cell carcinomas, prospective, Strategies), 15:447–450 randomized, clinicopathologic and“ Lab-on-a-chip” (Special Editorial), 17:3–7 immunohistochemical study of (Scientific Study),Lacrimal artery, importance of anatomic features of, for orbital 16:205–212 approaches (Anatomic Studies), 16:957–964 Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH), oral manifestations of,Lacrimal canaliculus, lower, anatomy of, relative to in childhood (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:552–556 epicanthoplasty (Anatomic Studies), 16:949–952 Language development, distraction osteogenesis of midfaceLacrimal gland prolapse in craniosynostosis syndromes and and (Clinical Note), 12:69–72 poor function congenital ptosis, 2:158 Language-normal preschoolers with facial deformities,Lacrimal intubation, prophylactic, for protection of maternal discourse features used with, 2:190–192 nasolacrimal apparatus during elective orbital Large melanocytic nevi, management of, in extremities osteotomies (Technical Note), 2:47–50 (Special Section: Giant Congenital Nevus),Lacrimal obstruction, posttraumatic: a retrospective 16:877–885 analysis of 58 consecutive naso-orbitoeth-moid Large-format prefabricated cranial plates, computer aided fractures (Special Issue: Technical Strategies), design of (Original Article), 14:819–832 15:29–33 Laryngeal mask airway, nasolaryngeal ventilation with, inLactoperoxidase gel, and effect on oral flora and saliva in dental surgery (Clinical Note), 9:383–387 irradiated patients with oral cancer, 18:1157–1164 Laryngeal nerve, recurrent, invasion by tracheal tumor (BriefLactosorb. See Polymers, bioabsorbale Clinical Note), 19:1707–1710 bone regeneration of cranial defects with, 12:41–47 Laser in orbital floor fracture treatment (Clinical Note), candela tunable pulse, in glomangioma management 12:242–246 (Clinical Note), 7:145–147LactoSorb copolymer, influence of temperature on carbon dioxide, viability of ear cartilage in rabbit model degradation rate of (Scientific Foundations), and (Scientific Foundation), 6:147–150 14:176–183 irradiation for skull defects treated with autogenous (Discussion), 14:594–595 bone graft, stimulation of osteogenesis inLactoSorb miniplates, long-term and clinical results with (Experimental Study), 17:297–301 (Commentary), 11:244–245 KTP, for deep hemangiomas (Special Section: Vascular (Original Scientific Foundation), 11:239–243 Anomalies), 17:756–760LactoSorb resorbable osteosynthesis after sagittal split nerve welding, effect of, on HRA (Experimental Study), osteotomy of mandible (Clinical Note), 10:519 17:687–691LactoSorb resorbable plating system in Le Fort osteotomies, treatment, for hemangiomas and PWS (Special Section: 9:210–214 Vascular Anomalies), 17:720–723Lagophthalmos, and epiphora due to facial paresis, Laser light scanner in three-dimensional documentation of procedure for facial rehabilitation for alleviation of face (Clinical Note), 12:167–174 (Clinical Reports), 18:169–176 Laser lithography, computer-generated acrylic skull replicasLag screw fixation for malar fracture, 10:193–197 produced by, 9:222–226Lambdoid craniosynostosis, familial, between father and son Laser lithography model of model production, rapid (velopharyngeal insufficiency), 19:850–854 prototyping technique compared with (ScientificLambdoid suture, craniosynostosis of, supine sleeping Foundation), 11:526 position and, 7:5–11 Laser surface scanning, three-dimensional (3D), craniofacialLambdoid synostosis applications of (Original Article), 14:449–456 in Mercedes Benz syndrome, 9:417–422 Laser treatment of congenital nevi (Special Section: Giant occipital bar and internal osteotomies in treatment of Congenital Nevus), 16:908–914 (Technical Strategy), 4:112–118 Laser welding of rat’s facial nerve (Brief Clinical Notes), unilateral 16:1102–1105 morphological characteristics of, 9:240–246 Late enophthalmos mimicking silent sinus syndrome surgical correction of, 3:12–17 secondary to orbital trauma (Brief Clinical Notes),Lambdoid synostosis, unilateral, treatment of, with cranial 16:840–842 distraction (Surgical Strategies), 15:609–613 Late results after unicoronal craniosynostosis correctionLambdoidal synostosis, concordant contralateral, in (Clinical Notes), 16:37–44 dizygotic twins (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:435– Late vascular complications, unusual, of sagittal split 438 osteotomy of mandibular ramus (Brief Clinical 87
  • 88. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY Notes), 16:664–667 Le Fort I osteotomyLateral canthal ligament, anatomical position of, evaluation in cleft patients: 20 years’ experience (Clinical Notes), of (Scientific Foundation), 7:429–436 15:662–669Lateral canthal tendon in craniofacial surgery (Literature intra-and perioperative complications of: prospective Scan), 7:254–255 evaluation of 1000 patients (Outcome Studies),Lateral canthotomy, transconjunctival incision with, 15:971–977 anatomical position of lateral canthal ligament and Discussion, 15:978–979 (Scientific Foundation), 7:429–436 Le Fort I osteotomy with sparing fracture of lateralLateral cephalogram tracing, planes and angles used in pterygoid plate (Anatomic Study), 12:48–52 (Scientific Foundations), 18:813–815 LeFort I osteotomy (Scientific Foundations, Clinical Notes),Lateral cephalometric analysis, anatomic landmarks and 18:819–821, 18:846–847 reference planes used in (Original Articles), 18:796 maxillary deformity reconstruction, (SurgicalLateral Circumflex Femoral Artery (LCFA), variation and Techniques), 18:1135–1137 origin of (Anatomic Studies), 18:867–869 LeFort I surgery, separation of pterygomaxillary junction byLateral rectus in blow-in orbital fracture (Scientific osteotomy in (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1491–1493 Foundation), 7:449–459 Le Fort IIILateral sellar compartment, history and anatomy of, 6:55–67 advancement, with and without osteogenesis distractionLateral skull base, vascular perspective with clinical (Original Articles), 17:536–543 implications of, 2:157 distraction osteogenesis in syndromal craniosynostosisLatrogenic maxillary sinusitis, due to amalgam fillings, (Clinical Notes), 17:28–39 surgical treatment of (Brief Clinical Notes), with distraction, respiratory outcome in 17:363–365 faciocraniosynostosis (Clinical Notes),Laterognathism during mandibular distraction osteogenesis 17:880–882 (Symposium), 10:270 midfacial distraction using internal external distractionLatissimus dorsi flap for noma sequelae, follow-up after device for syndromic craniosynostosis (Clinical (Clinical Note), 12:273–283 Notes), 17:1050–1058Latissimus dorsi muscle flap, free, coverage of cranium with, modification, ugly appearance of deformities, repaired by in recurrent BCC of gorlin syndrome (Brief Clinical (Surgical Strategy), 17:957–961 Notes), 17:599–602 osteotomy, distraction osteogenesis andLatissimus dorsi serratus anterior flaps, combined, in mandibular/bimaxillary advancement for Peiffer maxillary reconstruction, 8:65–72 syndrome with exorbitism and conjuctivalLe Fort 1 distractors internal, for maxillary advancement in ecchymosis (Clinical Notes), 17:44–49 cleft palate patients (Technical Experience), LeFort III advancement, novel model surgery technique for 18:177–185 (Orthognathic Surgery Continued), 18:1230–1235Le Fort I fractures, resorbable fixation for, 9:317–321 Le Fort III advancement osteotomy in growing child affectedLe Fort I impaction osteotomies, maxillary, and mandibular by Crouzon’s and Apert’s syndromes, presurgical autorotation, inter-relationship between (Clinical and postsurgical growth and (Clinical Notes), Notes), 17:898–904 16:369–377Le Fort I maxillary advancements, stability of single-piece Le Fort III osteotomy(ies) and segmental, comparison of, 14:3–9 in craniosynostosis syndromes, airway changes after (Discussion), 14:599, 14:600 (Clinical Note), 7:363–369Le Fort I maxillary osteotomy, after spectaclesplasty, for in Crouzon syndrome (Symposium), 9:595–597 correction of facial deformity in Crouzon syndrome, distraction osteogenesis in internal, with biodegradable 19:652–658 devices (Clinical Note), 12:264–272Le Fort I osteotomy(ies) endoscopic (Symposium), 9:287 in cleft lip and palate patients, speech changes after for midface deficiency in cleft palate, 5:295 commentary on, 9:183–184 (Correspondence), 6:256–257 (Scientific Foundation), 9:177–182 intracranial hemorrhage resulting from skull base fracture endoscopic pterygomaxillary disjunction for, 7:111–116 as complication of (Clinical Note), 14:545–548 intra- and early postoperative complications of, 2:159 modified, in adult Crouzon disease commentary on, with midpalatal split, transoral approach to nasopharynx 9:486–487 (Technical Strategy), 9:481–485 and clivus using, 2:158 for obstructive sleep apnea (Clinical Note), 10:430–434 pharyngoplasty in cleft lip and palate after, 9:330–335 midface, sleep apnea and (Clinical Note), 12:73–77 commentary on, 9:336–337 rigid external device for, fall on, injury from (Clinical resorbable fixation of, 9:210–214 Note), 12:237–241 semirigid bone fixation in (Clinical Note), 2:146–149, tension forces and (Anatomical Study), 11:197–202 2:151 (Commentary), 11:203 subnasal modified, for nasolabial aesthetics improvement (Technical Strategy), 7:399–40288
  • 89. SUBJECT INDEXLe Fort, III osteotomy, “cat’s cradle” midfacial fixation in lateral canthal, anatomical position of, evaluation of distraction osteogenesis after (Surgical Strategies), (Scientific Foundation), 7:429–436 15:946–952 septopremaxillary, resection of, midfacial growth and, inLe Fort advancement for craniosynostosis syndromes chimpanzee, 1:182 involving midface and orbit, 9:100–112, 9:119– stylohyoid, calcification of, in Crouzon’s disease, 122 5:219–220Le Fort fracture Ligaments, retaining, in periorbital area, surgical anatomy of edentulous, 8:298–306 (Anatomical Study), 19:800–804 treatment of, sequencing, 1:168 Ligatures, quick-release, mandibulomaxillary fixation with,Learning, increased intracranial pressure in 9:215–221 craniosynostosis and (Symposium), 9:574–575 Limb deformities with bilateral cleft lip and palate (ClinicalLeiomyosarcoma in maxillofacial region in multiple tumor Note), 11:388–393 complex (Clinical Note), 12:464–468 Limb salvage surgery, for osteosarcoma of lower extremity,Leiomyosarcoma, radiation-induced, in posterior neck role of pediatric plastic surgeon in, 14:680–686 (Original Articles), 18:1018–1020 Linear scleroderma “en coup de saber” (LSCS), with porousLeishmania Scar, risk factor for development of Basal Cell polyethylene implant, treatment of (Surgical Carcinomas (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:708–710 Strategies), 17:696–701Lengthening device, mandibular, reactivation of, for maximal Lingual nerve (LN), in mandibular third molar region, distraction (Technical Strategy), 6:412–413 position and shape as risk factors for nerve palsyLengthening, rapid, of rabbit mandibular ramus by using (Anatomical Study), 19:264–270 nitinol spring: a preliminary study (Experimental Lipomatous tumor, atypical, in submental region (Clinical Study), 15:725–729 Note), 19:1558–1560Leporine-derived APCs, exhibition of in vitro osteogenic Lipostructure technique, in Romberg syndrome (Clinical potential in, 19:360–368 Note), 19:1092–1097Leptomeningeal cyst, fronto-orbital, manifested with Lip(s) xophthalmos (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:668–671 arterial supply of, anatomic dissection of (AnatomicalLesion(s), cystic, of jaw, autogenous platelet-rich plasma Study), 19:785–794 in combination with bovine-derived central, flap of, and nasal mucosal rotation advancement, hydroxyapatite xenograft for treatment of (Clinical aspects of composite correction of bilateral cleft Notes), 16:978–980 lip nose deformity and (Surgical Strategies),Lesions, in maxillary sinus, minimally invasive procedures 16:255–261 for removal of (Technical Experience), 19:1650– cleft. See Cleft lip 1652 cleft, teeth as potential impediment to nasoalveolarLesions, vascular, pediatric (Clinical Note), 14:566–583 molding in infants with (Technical Experience),Let us set the records straight for the future of the 16:262–266 communication systems (Editorial), 15:707–708 defects, lower, with CRFPL, reconstruction of (BriefLeukemia inhibitory factor, bone formation in calvarial bone Clinical Notes), 18:237–241 defect and (Scientific Foundation), 11:512 defects reconstruction, lower, Z plasty for, (SurgicalLevator Techniques), 18:1120–1124 advancement procedure, modified, for correction of dermoid sinus and cyst of (Brief Clinical Notes), ptosis, 19:669–674 17:162–166 conjoint fascial sheath of, and superior rectus, attached fissure of, median (Clinical Note), 6:390–391 to conjunctival fornix (Anatomical Study), large, and oral commissure defect, full-thickness cheek 19:241–245 with, “opened pocket” method forLevator muscle, compression of, blepharoptosis caused from, reconstruction of (Technical Strategies), by fractured orbital roof fragment (Surgical 18:198–202 Strategies), 15:942–945 lower, arteriovenous malformation extending from, toLevator muscle function, partial or total reduction causing chin, surgical treatment following, abnormal drooping of upper lid, indication of embolization, total resection, and double cross palpebral ptosis (Clinical Notes), 17:246–254 lip flap for (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:443–448Liability, biocompatibility of implantable materials in facial squamous cell carcinoma of, in young child, 7:60–63 aesthetic and reconstructive surgery (Symposium), upper, reconstruction of, radial forearm free flap in, 7:473–486 5:105–109Lidocaine for facial analgesia, safe dosages of (Clinical Lip adhesion, cleft lip and palate repair using (Clinical Note), 5:124–126 Note), 12:148–156Lift, video-assisted endoscopic transtemporal multilayer Lip carcinoma, (Clinical Notes), 18:1079–1081 upper midface (Technical Strategies), 16:267–276 Lip cleft bilateral, repair of: review, revisions, andLigament reflections, 14:609–620 89
  • 90. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY median, upper: review and surgical management of minor normal, 6:190–194 manifestation (Clinical Notes), 14:749–755 Long nose deformity, prevention of, 12:6–18 modified nasal alveolar molding appliance, modified, for Longitudinal cephalometric analysis after maxillary management of, 14:700–703 distraction osteogenesis (Brief Clinical Notes), nasal, deformity, secondary unilateral: functional and 16:683–687 esthetic reconstruction (Clinical Note), Longitudinal stretch, perfusion bioreactor for vascular 14:584–593 tissue engineering with capabilities for (Special and nose, unilateral, repair of: 33-year experience Issue: Regenerative Medicine), 14:340–347 (Clinical Note), 14:549–558 Longitudinal study, of behavioral data on three groups of palate, in utero surgery for: minimizing "ripple effect" of patients with craniofacial disorders (Original scarring (Scientific Foundation), 14:504–511 Articles), 15:200–208 and palate, incidence of, in northeast of Mexico: 10-year Long-term craniofacial surgery, hypotensive anesthesia and study (Clinical Note), 14:533–537 recovery of cognitive function in (Clinical Notes), and palate in adult patients, quantitative three- 16:531–536 dimensional assessment of soft tissue facial Long-term outcomes of ultra-thin porous polyethylene asymmetry of (Clinical Notes), 14:739–746 implants used for reconstruction of orbital floor reconstruction, of total lower, using sensate composite defects (Clinical Notes), 16:973–977 radial forearm flap (Clinical Notes), 14:393–405 Lower-extremity burn reconstruction, in the child, 19:976– upper, and nose of infants, anthropometry study of 988 (Anatomic Studies), 17:57–61 Lower facial contouring, with BoNT type A (ScientificLip flap, cross, embolization and total resection and, Foundation), 19:1613–1617 following huge arteriovenous malformation Lower lacrimal canaliculus, anatomy of, relative to extending from lower lip to chin (Brief Clinical epicanthoplasty (Anatomic Studies), 16:949–952 Notes), 16:443–448 Lower lip defect, a case of, reconstructed with buccal mucosaLip neoplasms, mucoepidermoid carcinoma on upper lip and a tongue flap (Technical Strategies), 15:614– vermilion (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:445–448 617Lip nose, cleft (Surgical Strategies), 16:95–99 Lower lip reconstruction, using sensate composite radialLip pits, congenital, and Van der Woude syndrome (Special forearm flap (Clinical Notes), 14:393–405 Section: Giant Congenital Nevus), 16:930–932 Luhr microplate system for fixation of premaxillomaxillaryLipids, serum, fatty acid profile of, in ten-year-old cleft suture, compensatory midfacial growth changes in children, school performance, and breast milk rabbit and, 3:197–202 intake, association between (Clinical Studies), Luhr microsystem for fixation in frontoethmoidal 16:764–769 meningoencephalocele repair, 2:7–8Lipomas Luhr miniplate for fixation of mandibular fracture (Technical diagnosis of maxillary sinus, (Brief Clinical Notes), Strategy), 6:417–420 18:1153–1154 Lumbar cerebrospinal fluid drainage, neurological frontal, after maxillofacial trauma (Correspondence), deterioration after, 3:145–148 18:461 Lumbar cistern, cerebrospinal fluid drainage via, ossifying, in intraosseous tissues, (Brief Clinical Notes), neurological deterioration after, 3:145–148 18:1176–1179 Lymphangioma, cavernous, surgical removal of, 11:42–45 of salivary gland, ultrasonographic and magnetic Lymphangioma circumscriptum, pinocchio nasal deformity resonance imaging (Brief Clinical Notes), secondary to (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1473–1475 18:1464–1466 Lymphatic malformations, diagnostic and therapeutic spindle cell lipoma (SCL) in posterior neck, (Brief modalities for (Special Section: Vascular Clinical Notes), 18:1193–1195 Anomalies), 17:761–766Lipomatosis, infiltrating, congenital, of face (Clinical Note), Lymphaticovenous malformations, clinical feature of 10:36–368 (Special Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:783–Liposuction, ultrasound-assisted, for involuted 789 hemangioma, 10:500 Lymphfolliculoid granuloma, eosinophilic, kimura disease,Literature review, surface analysis methods of biomaterials (Clinical Notes), 18:1062 used in oral surgery (Clinical Materials), 16:31–36 Lymph node dissection, regional therapeutic, SCC tumorsLithography, laser, computer-generated acrylic skull and clinically palpable lymph nodes, (Original replicas produced by, 9:222–226 Articles), 18:1024–1025Lobar holoprosencephaly, surgical treatment of, 4:2–4 Lymphoid tissue, mucosa-associated, lymphoma of, arisingLocomotor apparatus, damage/disorders of, treatment method in parotid gland (Brief Clinical Notes), for (Guest Editorial), 6:352–357 16:693–695Log-linear allometry Lyphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) of fetal craniofacial growth arising in parotid gland (Brief Clinical Notes), in Down’s syndrome, 6:184–189 16:693–69590
  • 91. SUBJECT INDEXLymphoma Malar region defect reconstruction with frontal island skin non-hodgkin, primary extranodal, of oral cavity (Brief flaps, (Surgical Techniques), 18:1108–1113 Clinical Note), 19:1183–1185 Malaysia, maxillofacial injuries in motorcyclists in, pattern periorbital and orbital, management of (Clinical Notes), of, 19:316–321 18:1370–1375 Malformations, 6:272 primary cutaneous ALCL, of face, presenting as Malformation(s) posttraumatic maxillary sinusitis (Clinical arteriovenous, management of, in child (Special Section: Note), 19:1597–1599 Vascular Anomalies), 17:779–782Lyophilized bovine pericardium, experimental study of vascular (Scientific Foundations), 18:551–558 pediatric, management of (Special Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:783–789Macrocephaly, cranial vault reduction cranioplasty for of trunk, management of (Special Section: Vascular treatment of (Clinical Notes), 17:645–655 Anomalies), 17:761–766Macrocephaly in Proteus syndrome (Clinical Note), 6:151– Malignancy(ies). See also Cancer 159 sphenoid sinus, 6:15–23Macroglossia, in Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, treatment Malignancy, hemangiopericytoma of infratemporal fossa and of (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:369–371 (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1146–1150MacroPore plating system for cranial vault remodeling (Brief Malignant eccrine spiradenoma, of scalp (Clinical Note), Clinical Notes), 17:197–198 19:1608–1612Macrostomia, commissuroplasty for (Technical Strategies), Malignant epithelioid schwannoma of mandible and skull 18:691–694 base, 8:417–420Macrostomia, isolated bilateral pure, in child (Brief Clinical Malignant fibrous histiocytoma, of scalp with intracranial Note), 19:1409–1410 invasion 20 years after postoperative irradiationMagnetic implants, transcutaneously activated, in cranial (Clinical Notes), 14:74–77 vault expansion (Literature Scan), 10:169 Malignant hyperthermia (Special Note), 14:800–802Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) Malignant melanoma, potential for development of, with and gadolinium, diagnosis of bell palsy with (Clinical congenital melanocytic nevi (Special Section: Notes), 14:51–54 Giant Congenital Nevus), 16:871–873 dynamic, in assessing VPI during phonation, 19:566– Malignant mucosal melanoma, punch biopsy and diagnosis 572 of, (Clinical Notes), 18:1059 in investigation of salivary gland lipomas (Brief Clinical Malignant oral tumors in Iran: analyses of patient and tumor Notes), 18:1464–1466 characteristics (Special Section: Cancer), 17:1230– in nasopalatine duct cysts (Clinical Note), 5:57–60 1233 and ultrasonography, Kimura disease, (Clinical Notes), Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs), of 18:1063–1066 lateral skull base (Brief Clinical Note), 19:805–Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), for assessment of 812 calcified cephalohematomas (Technical Strategies), Malocclusion 17:970–979 and bony malunion due to improper surgical treatment ofMagnetoencephalography for cranial base lesion diagnosis, mandibular fracture, corrective measures for 6:27–31 (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:373–382Magnetoencephalography (MEG), for study of brain severe open-bite, due to congenital masticatory muscle activation after sensory stimulation, 19:1215– weakness (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:998–1001 1220 Malocclusion, facial skeletal deformity with, one-stageMalar augmentation approach to (Clinical Note), 11:128–136 onlay implant for, hydroxyapatite paste as, 8:367–372 Malocclusion, sagittal ramus osteotomy for, modified by osteotomy and advancement (Technical Strategy), channel retractor for (Technical Strategy), 9:401– 4:257–264 403 using lamellar split osteotomy, 5:116–123 Malpractice suits, preventing (Book Review), 9:488Malar complex MALT. See Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) fractures of, management of (Clinical Note), 11:99 Mammoplasty, bilateral reduction, in adolescent repositioning of, reduction malarplasty using osteotomy population: adolescent bilateral reduction and: clinical review and comparison of two mammoplasty, 14:691–695 techniques (Clinical Notes), 14:383–392 Managed careMalar fracture, fixation of, 10:193–197 craniofacial surgery and (Editorial), 7:257Malarplasty, dental pulp necrosis as rare complication of (Editorial), 9:413–414 reduction (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:945–948 treatment of craniofacial deformities and (Editorial), 6:4Malarplasty, reduction, with sliding setback osteotomy Managed care, ethics and (Special Editorial), 11:8 (Technical Strategy), 9:275–279 Mandible 91
  • 92. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY advancement or setback, lower face soft tissue changes distraction osteogenesis by sagittal split osteotomy and after, 19:593–598 intraoral curvilinear distraction (Technical angle of, resection of, hemorrhage in, deep middle Strategies), 15:631–635 masseteric artery in (Anatomical Landmarks), distraction-lengthening of, in severely hypoplastic 12:381–385 mandible, tongue aplasia and, 5:305 angle repair, minimally invasive approach to, edentulous, fractures of, 4:91–94 improvement of (Technical Experience), edentulous, inferior alveolar nerve in, course and 19:525–527 description of (Anatomic Studies), 16:6–9 (Discussion), 12:386 Ewing sarcoma of, in child (Brief Clinical Notes), bone graft from, chin augmentation with (Clinical Note), 16:1140–1145 11:542 experimental changes, roentgenographic study bone-grafted, distraction osteogenesis of, 11:350–353 (Experimental Study), 18:917–925 anatomy of, sagittal ramus osteotomy and, 10:475 fibrous dysplasia of, radical excision and immediate canine, TDO using nitinol spring (Scientific reconstruction for (Clinical Note), 12:259–263 Foundations), 17:943–949 fracture of cleft of, median (Clinical Note), 5:333 fixation methods for, scintigraphic evaluation of, condyle fractures, adult, open vs closed reduction of: 8:270–272 review of literature regarding evolution of inflammatory pseudotumor in (Clinical Note), current thoughts on management Literature 19:1552–1553 Scans), 15:359 intraosseous AVMs of, combination of embolization coronoid fracture of, displaced, rigid internal fixation of, and surgery for (Brief Clinical Note), 19:816–819 3:226–229 healing of (Clinical Note), 12:157–166 in Crouzon, Apert, and Pfeiffer Syndromes, morphology management of (Clinical Note), 11:102–103 and growth of (Anatomic Studies), 18:146–150 maxillary canine and, 3:141–144 defect, and soft-tissue defect, reconstruction using bone pediatric, facial growth and, 10:323–328 transport distraction osteogenesis (Technical pediatric, maxillomandibular fixation in (Technical Experiences), 18:1397–1402 Note), 11:236–238 defects in, reconstruction using autografts with DBM resorbable distraction of, 19:637–643 and cancellous allograft (Clinical Notes), simple intermaxillary fixation for (Technical 18:95–100 Strategy), 7:170–172 discussion on, 18:101–103 subcondylar, surgical approach to (Technical defects, reconstruction using less invasive intraoral Experience), 19:496–499 approach (Technical Experiences), 18:1422– teeth located in line of, 5:16–21 1428 temporary miniplate for fixation of (Technical deformities of Strategy), 6:417–420 distraction osteogenesis for (Correspondence), 9:130 fusion of, with maxilla, congenital (Clinical Note), dentigerous cyst after distraction osteogenesis of 11:398–404 (Clinical Notes), 18:1349–1352 giant-cell central reparative granuloma in, surgical and dimensions of, in planning mandibular corpus implantation reconstruction in, 9:45–47 replacements, 1:112 growth of, after distraction (Symposium), 10:269 distraction of in hemifacial microsomia (Correspondence), 9:300–301 effect of, on temporomandibular joint human, bone lengthening of, by gradual distraction, canine study on, 6:358–362 2:164A clinical study on, 6:364–367 human, distracted, volumetric assessment of (Scientific geometric evaluation of (Clinical Note), 6:395–400 Foundations), 15:745–750 maximal, reactivation of mandibular lengthening Discussion, 15:751 device for (Technical Strategy), 6:412–413 hypoplasia of, severe, treatment of (Clinical Note), distraction osteogenesis of 12:337–348 combined simultaneous, in hemifacial microsomia hypoplastic (Clinical Note), 12:253–258 bidirectional callus distraction for, 7:258–266 in rat (Scientific Foundation), 12:175–182 mandibular distraction-lengthening in, tongue distraction osteogenesis of, 7:404–406. See Distraction aplasia and, 5:305 osteogenesis (DO), mandibular vector of device infant mandibular distraction with internal curvilinear placement and trajectory of, 8:473–480 device (Technical Experiences), 18:1403–1407 distraction osteogenesis of, multiplanar, 11:83–95 large, defect of, reconstruction of, utilizing temporary severe, in hemifacial microsomia, distraction zygomatic-ramal fixation and bilateral risdon osteogenesis for, 8:422–430 incisions (Special Issue: Technical Strategies), 15:16–19 lengthening of92
  • 93. SUBJECT INDEX device for, for maximal distraction (Technical occipitoparietal bone flap for (Technical Strategy), Strategy), 6:412–413 6:249–253 by distraction for airway obstruction in Treacher- osseointegrated implants in cranial bone grafts for Collins syndrome, 5:22–25 (Technical Strategy), 4:51–57 by distraction osteogeneiss in rabbits, 5:313 serratus anterior free tissue transfer in, 3:208–211 by gradual distraction, 3:46, 3:122 vascularized cranial bone grafts for, 3:183 submerged intraoral device for (Literature Scan), reconstruction of, submerged osteodistraction device in 9:412 (New Ideas and Innovations), 11:59–61linear distance shortening in, with multivector schwannoma of, 8:413–416 distraction (Basic Mechanical Research), skeletal distraction of, 6:459 12:505–514 successful distraction osteogenesis of, in hemifacialmalignant epithelioid schwannoma of, 8:417–420 microsomia, determinants of, from longitudinaland maxilla, congenital fusion of (Brief Clinical Notes), results (Clinical Notes), 16:549–558 16:287–290 surgery on, restoring aesthetic balance in missingmedial surface of, as alternative source of bone grafts in maxilla with, 2:95–100 orthognathic surgery (Technical Strategies), swelling of, progressive unilateral, in adolescence, 16:123–128 8:32–37melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy involving symphyseal defects of, distraction osteogenesis for (Clinical Note), 12:349–354 (Literature Scan), 6:260microvascular reconstruction in irradiated patients three-dimensional finite element analysis of, during (Clinical Notes), 18:1359–1369 vertical ramus elongation by distractionmultiplanar distraction of, 9:322–329 osteogenesis (Scientific Studies), 16:586–593 controlled, 9:504–513 three-dimensional finite element analysis of, onneonatal, imaging of, for accurate distraction simulated occlusal forces before and after osteogenesis, 12:26–30 vertical ramus elongation by distractionopen reduction and internal fixation of, postoperative osteogenesis (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:421– radiographs after (Literature Scan), 17:1263– 429 1264 vascular malformations of, treatment and long-termosteopetrosis of, free fibular flap reconstruction in results in, 5:289 (Technical Strategy), 12:369–372 Mandible in adult patient, orthodontic-surgical treatmentosteotomy(ies) of after, posttraumatic bilateral condylectomy of sagittal split ramus (Clinical Notes), 14:55–62 fixation of (Clinical Report), 10:230–236 condyle, intracapsular fractures of: diagnosis, treatment, LactoSorb osteogenesis after (Clinical Note), and anatomical and pathological evaluations 10:519 (Clinical Notes), 14:184–191 mandibular foramen and, 10:475 desmoplastic ameloblastoma in (Clinical Note), 14:873– temporary anterior, design of, 10:186–192 875osteotomy of, healing of, mouse model of, 12:444–450 distraction osteogenesis of, internal, correction of upperpreviously excised intraosseous hemangioma of, soft airway obstruction in newborn with (Technical tissue hemangioma formation within (Special Strategy), 14:493–499 Issue: Technical Strategies), 15:82–83 distraction osteogenesis of, with internal bioresorbablerat, critical size defect in, repair of, with allogenic type I device (Surgical Strategies), 14:791–796 collagen, 12:573–579 distraction osteogenesis of dog model, bone regenerativereconstruction with fibula flap containing fibrous effect of growth hormone on consolidation in dysplasia (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1479–1482 (Original Articles), 14:417–425reconstruction, primary post-traumatic, in infancy: a 10- region of, with hydroxyapatite granules, hard tissue year follow-up (Clinical Notes), 15:255–259 augmentation of (Clinical Experience), 14:919– Discussion, 15:260 923reconstruction of spring-mediation of, distraction osteogenesis after hemimandibulectomy, techniques for, 8:58–64 (Experimental Study), 14:756–762 bone morphogenetic protein bioimplant in (Clinical Mandible fractures, identification of, by helical computed Note), 12:119–127 tomography and panorex tomography (Brief (Discussion), 12:128 Clinical Notes), 16:394–398 fibula free flap in, donor site angiography before Mandibular advancement surgery, influence on oral function (Clinical Strategy), 12:608–612 in retrognathic patients (Literature Scan), with fibular osteoseptocutaneous free flap and 17:1263–1264 simultaneous placement of osseointegrated dental Mandibular alveolar distraction osteogenesis, study of, implants (Technical Strategy), 8:512–521 using 3D CT measurement method (Clinical Studies), 17:492–496 93
  • 94. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERYMandibular angle fractures, new technique for, at different rates in an experimental model, effects of biomechanical comparison of (Editorial Note), rhBMP-2 on (Scientific Foundation), 17:100– 19:428–432 108Mandibular angle fracture treatment, anodal reconstruction mathematical model for (Scientific Foundation), plate in (Literature Scan), 5:70 7:465–468Mandibular angle, ostectomy of lateral cortex around and microsurgical reconstruction, simultaneous, for facial (Clinical Note), 12:314–325 asymmetry (Scientific Foundation), 7:469–472Mandibular arch in comminuted and facial fractures, transcutaneous, feasibility of using internal device realignment of, 10:43–44 (Surgical Strategies), 17:337–339Mandibular autorotation, and Maxillary LeFort I Mandibular distraction osteogenesis, bilateral vertical impaction osteotomies, inter-relationship between ramus, micro-CT evaluation of glenoid fossa and (Clinical Notes), 17:898–904 mandibular condyle bone after, 17:111–119Mandibular body and angle reduction, split ostectomy of Mandibular distraction osteogenesis, experimental, custom- (Technical Strategies), 15:341–346 made distraction device for (Brief Clinical Notes),Mandibular bone deficit with histologic study in man (Brief 16:675–682 Clinical Notes), 16:174–180 Mandibular distraction osteogenesis in hemifacialMandibular canal, atypical courses of: comparative microsomia, longitudinal results of (Scientific examination of dry mandibles and X-rays (Clinical Foundation), 14:924–933 Studies), 17:487–491 pediatric: present and future (Case Reports), 14:803–808Mandibular condyle, in Garré syndrome navigator system Mandibular foramen, sagittal ramus osteotomy and, 10:475 guided endoscopic intraoral approach for Mandibular fracture(s) remodeling of (Technical Experiences), 18:1410– MMFS method, for (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:544–549 1415 open reduction and internal fixation, postoperativeMandibular condyle(s) radiographs after (Literature Scan), 17:1263– costochondral reconstruction of, in nongrowing 1264 primates (Scientific Foundation), 6:227–237 pediatric, in Portugal, etiology and patterns of: a dislocation into middle cranial fossa, condylectomy and retrospective study of 10 years (Original transposition of temporal muscle flap for (Brief Articles), 15:384–391 Clinical Notes), 17:590–594 retrospective study of (Original Articles), 18:776–780 and glenoid fossa, micro–CT evaluation after mandibular treatment outlines in adverse medical conditions in Iraq ramus distraction (Errata, Scientific (Technical Experiences), 18:606–612 Foundation), 17:611–619 unusual traumatic, resembling horizontal osteotomy for reconstruction of, using transport distraction genioplasty (Clinical Notes), 15:229–231 osteogenesis, 8:48–53 Discussion, 15:232Mandibular coronoid hyperplasia (Clinical Notes), 18:849– TMJ disorders due to improper surgical treatment of 854 (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:373–382Mandibular corpus replacements, planning series of, Mandibular fracture treatment, bone graft use instead of a mandibular dimensions for, 1:112 plate, 19:411–420Mandibular defect in porcine model (Original Articles), Mandibular hypoplasia, (Scientific Foundations), 18:821 16:1033–1042 Mandibular hypoplasia, congenital (Brief Clinical Notes),Mandibular defects, effect of local Simvastatin application 16:291–300 on (Scientific Foundation), 18:546–550 Mandibular joint dysfunction with otalgia from bombMandibular deformities, correction of, in auriculo-condylar explosion wave, 3:223–225 syndrome (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:489–491 Mandibular lengthening, by distraction for airwayMandibular distraction obstruction in Treacher-Collins syndrome: long- for glossoptosis-micrognathic association, 9:127–129 term results (Special Issue: Technical Strategies), in patient with Melnick-needles syndrome (Brief 15:47–50 Clinical Note), 19:277–279 Mandibular osteogenic sarcoma, radiation-induced (Brief planning (Literature Scan), 7:173 Clinical Notes), 16:452–456 for neonates with PRS, 19:1237–1243 Mandibular osteomuscular flap, pedicled, for zygomatic torque during, measurement of, 19:644–647 reconstruction (Technical Strategies), 19:235–240Mandibular distraction, evolution of treatment protocols in Mandibular osteotomy hemifacial microsomy (Original Article), 16:563– anterior horizontal, course of inferior alveolar 571 neurovascular canal relative to, 3:20–24Mandibular distraction osteogenesis for tumor extirpation, 3:47, 3:121 articulation and velopharyngeal function after, 7:186– vertical symphyseal, 9:338–343 191 Mandibular osteotomy, sagittal-split, for micrognathia with edentulous maxilla (Clinical Note), 11:113–119 Mandibular ramus94
  • 95. SUBJECT INDEX reliability of distraction vector transfer in unilateral Manipulation in 3D imaging system, 8:333, 8:336–337 vertical distraction of (Clinical Experience), Manpower in pediatric plastic surgery, 10:3–10 16:15–22 Marble bone disease, reconstruction for (Technical stereolithographic models for simulation and transfer of Strategy), 12:369–372 vector in (Technical Strategies), 16:608–614 Marcus Gunn jaw-winking syndrome, unilateral palpebral unusual late complications of sagittal split osteotomy of ptosis (Clinical Notes), 17:246–254 (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:664–667 Marginal mandibular branch of the facial nerve (MMBFN),Mandibular ramus distraction, micro-CT evaluation of localization of (Clinical Notes), 18:137–142 glenoid fossa and mandibular condyle bone after Marjolin ulcer, of scalp (Errata, Scientific Foundation), 17:611–619 from chronic wound bed (Special Section: VascularMandibular ramus distraction, vertical, microsurgical and Anomalies), 17:805–809 strength evaluation of regenerate tissue during intruder of a burn scar, 19:1020–1025 consolidation period after vertical mandibular invading outer calvarial bone, treatment with medpor, ramus distraction (Experimental Study), 16:805– 19:1026–1029 811 Marsupialization, of ranulas, recurrence rate after (BriefMandibular ramus elongation, unilateral, by intraoral Clinical Note), 19:286–290 distraction osteogenesis (Surgical Strategies), Maspin (mammary serine protease inhibitor), expression in 16:247–254 oral squamous cell carcinoma, (ScientificMandibular reconstruction Foundations), 18:1039–1042 composite, with free fibula bone graft, virtual planning of Masseter hypertorphy, selective neurectomy of the (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1137–1139 masseteric nerve in (Technical Strategies), 15:780– involving ISO with rhBMP-2 in children and 784 adolescents (Clinical Notes), 17:405–412 Masseter muscle in Goldenhar syndrome using temporalis muscle actinomycosis of: report of case and review of literature osteofascial flap (Clinical Note), 19:165–170 (Clinical Note), 14:915–918 with microsurgical fibula flap transfer following wide resection of, hemorrhage in, deep middle masseteric artery resection for ameloblastoma (Brief Clinical in (Anatomical Landmarks), 12:381–385 Notes), 17:178–181 (Discussion), 12:386 in previously irradiated areas, efficacy of DO for (Clinical Masseter muscle, course of masseteric nerve in (Anatomic Note), 19:1571–1576 Strategies), 16:197–200 with rib graft (Clinical Notes), 17:255–260 Masseteric artery, deep middle, in hemorrhage in resection of Titanium mesh fracture in (Brief Clinical Notes), masseter muscle and mandibular angle (Anatomical 16:1120–1121 Landmarks), 12:381–385 vascularized fibular flap and iliac crest flap for (Technical (Discussion), 12:386 Strategy), 19:227–234 Masseteric fibrous bands, congenital trismus secondary to:Mandibular reconstruction, successful free osteocutaneous 7-year follow-up report as approach to management scapular flap transfer for, in a 93-year-old patient (Original Article), 15:709–713 (Special Issue: Technical Strategies), 15:92–97 Masseteric nerve, course of, in masseter muscleMandibular sagittal osteotomy, transient facial nerve (Anatomical Strategies), 16:197–200 paralysis after (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1110– Masseteric nerve, selective neurectomy of, in masseter 1114 hypertrophy (Technical Strategies), 15:780–784Mandibular sagittal split osteotomies, semirigid bone Massive craniofacial osteolysis (Clinical Note), 6:332–336 fixation in (Clinical Note), 2:147–148 Mastication, muscles of, underdevelopment of, in hemifacialMandibular set-back, and maxillary LeFort I halo distraction microsomia, 12:31–40 for cleft jaw deformity (Technical Masticatory muscle, post-traumatic severe trismus caused by Strategies), 17:962–969 impairment of (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:277–279Mandibulofacial dysostosis, surgery for, 7:280–283 Masticatory muscle right-left differences, in controls andMandibulofacial injuries, occurrence of (Clinical Notes), hemifacial microsomia patients (Special Issue: 18:833–837 Technical Strategies), 15:42–46Mandibulomaxillary fixation with bone anchors and quick- Mastoid air cells, fistulas of, pneumocephalus from, treated release ligatures, 9:215–221 with temporoparietal fascial flap (Clinical Note),Mandibuloplasty, reduction (Clinical Note), 12:314–325 6:494Manidular defect with fibula free flap, reconstruction of, Maternal discourse features used with languagenormal surgical planning in (Experimental Studies), preschoolers with facial deformities, 2:190–192 16:601–607 Maternal functioning postinfancy, effects of craniofacialMandibulofacial dysostosis, unusual clinical feature birth defects on, 2:195 associated with colobomas of lower eyelids in, Mathematical model, two-dimensional, of maxillary treatment with botulinum toxin and surgery distraction osteogenesis (Scientific Foundation), (Clinical Note), 19:1600–1602 11:312–317 95
  • 96. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERYMathematical modeling, and numerical simulation in fusion of, with mandible, congenital (Clinical Note), maxillo-facial virtual surgery (Clinical Notes), 11:398–404 17:661–667 growth of, in children after early facial bipartition Discussion, 17:668 (Scientific Foundation), 7:440–448Matrix, extracellular, Apert and Crouzon syndromes and hypoplasia of (Clinical Notes), 16:361–368 in cleft patient (Symposium), 9:297–298Matthews device arthroplasty (MDA), and transport in Crouzon patients (Scientific Foundation), 7:69–70 distraction osteogenesis, for TMJ bony ankylosis, severe, distraction osteogenesis for, 8:181–186 comparison of (Surgical Strategies), 17:516–522 measurement of movements of the mandibula andMaxilla (Original Articles), 18:797 advancement of missing, 2:95–100 in cleft lip and palate, speech changes after posterior movements (Clinical Experiences), 18:882– commentary on, 9:183–184 886 (Scientific Foundation), 9:177–182 reconstruction of dental eruption after distraction osteogenesis and after radical maxillectomy using combined free flap (Symposium), 10:280–281 and secondary dynamic suspension (Clinical advancement of, maxillary distraction osteogenesis in Note), 8:65–72, 8:74 (Scientific Foundation), 11:312–317 vascularized cranial bone grafts for, 3:183 alveolar defect of, composite bone graft for, 2:27–32 repositioning, in Le Fort I osteotomy (Technical cleft deformity of, distraction osteogenesis for, 8:181– Strategy), 7:399–402 186 retrusion of definition of movements of (Original Articles), 18:795 distraction osteogenesis for (Clinical Note), 11:120– deformation of, in unilateral coronal synostosis, 1:73 127 dental arch, growth and development in relation to maxillary distraction osteogenesis for (Scientific different sizes of denudation area on palate bone Foundation), 11:312–317 (Experimental Study), 18:391–398 strategy for secondary reconstruction of (Technical distraction osteogenesis of Strategies), 18:639–642 bone formation in pterygoid region after (Clinical Note), surgically assisted orthopedic protraction of, in cleft lip 12:109–117 and palate patients, by distraction osteogenesis (Discussion), 12:118 (Symposium), 10:280 for cleft lip and palate, 10:117–121 transverse dimension stability after surgically assisted facial profile after (Symposium), 10:281 rapid expansion (Clinical Notes), 18:860–865 with skeletal anchorage (Clinical Note), Maxilla, external, distraction osteogenesis, anesthetic 11:120–127 concerns of (Special Issue: Technical Strategies), velopharyngeal changes after, 10:312–320 15:78–81 commentary on, 10:321–322 Maxilla and mandible, congenital fusion of (Brief Clinical in cleft lip and palate commentary on, 10:329 Notes), 16:287–290 combined simultaneous, in hemifacial microsomia Maxilla, reconstruction using fibular bone graft template (Clinical Note), 12:253–258 (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:145–146 for craniofacial dysplasia (Clinical Note), 12:458–463 Maxillary transoral, of unrepaired bilateral alveolar cleft (Clinical alveolar cleft reconstruction. See also Pubic bone graft Note), 10:369–374 growth and occlusal outcome after autogenous rib (Commentary), 11:295 grafting in cleft palate defect (Experimental two-dimensional mathematical model of (Scientific Study), 17:68–79 Foundation), 11:312–317 hypoplasia, Le Fort III distraction osteogenesis for edentulous children with syndromal craniosynostosis in micrognathia with, treatment of (Clinical Note), need of midface advancement surgery (Clinical 11:113–119 Notes), 17:28–39 tooth fragment of, cutaneous sinus tract from (Clinical Le Fort I halo distraction and mandibular set-back for Note), 11:254–257 patients with cleft jaw deformity (Technical expansion of, periodontal evaluation in (Clinical Note), Strategies), 17:962–969 11:491–494 LeFort I impaction osteotomies, and mandibular (Discussion), 12:95 autorotation inter-relationship between fractures of (Clinical Notes), 17:898–904 management of (Clinical Note), 11:101–102 prosthetic reconstruction, titanium cranial implants for, treatment of, outcome measurement of (Literature in head and neck region (Clinical Notes), Scan), 11:205 17:889–897 fractures of, resorbable fixation for, 9:317–321 reconstruction, in mid-facial injuries with maxillary bone loss (Clinical Notes), 17:883–88896
  • 97. SUBJECT INDEX sinus cavity, traumatic displacement of teeth into (Brief Maxillary growth impairment, in CLP patients (Scientific Clinical Notes), 17:1187–1189 Foundation), 19:1302–1307 tumor resection, midfacial reconstruction after, calvarial Maxillary hypoplasia, severe, in CLP patients, DO for bone grafts and temporalis muscle flap for management of, 19:1119–1214 (Clinical Notes), 17:1092–1104 Maxillary necrotic lesions, ozone therapy for, (ClinicalMaxillary advancement, and transpalatal expansion, using Notes), 18:1072–1074 internal distraction in patient with cleft lip and Maxillary osteomyelitis, rare condition of (Brief Clinical palate (Brief Clinical Note), 19:1415–1419 Notes), 16:861–863Maxillary advancement surgery with LeFort I osteotomy Maxillary orthognathic surgery (Original Articles), 18:759 (MAL) treatment, cleft lip and palate (CLP) Maxillary osteotomy, complications specifically associated patients, (Orthognathic Surgery Continued), with (Continuing Medical Education), 18:976 18:1209–1214 Maxillary reconstruction, vascular iliac crest with innerMaxillary alveolus, bone reconstruction for subsequent table of the ilium as option in (Special Issue: insertion of dental implant in patients with cleft lip Technical Strategies), 15:23–28 and palate (Technical Strategies), 18:630–638 Maxillary repositioning (Original Articles), 18:760Maxillary antral bone grafts for repair of orbital fractures, Maxillary sinus hypoplasia (MSH), and orbital enlargement, 2:18–21 correlation between (Clinical Note), 19:159–164 from blunt trauma to face, case history on, 2:20 Maxillary sinus hypoplasia (MSH) (Brief Clinical Notes), of floor and rim, case history on, 2:18–19 18:706 from gunshot wound to face, case history on, 2:19–20 Maxillary sinus lipoma diagnosis, (Brief Clinical Notes), in long bone and multiple facial fractures, case history 18:1153–1154 on, 2:20 Maxillary sinus (MS)Maxillary antrum, dislocation of globe into, severe and accompanying structures, anatomical variations of zygomatico-orbital fracture with, management of (Clinical Note), 19:159–164 (Clinical Note), 4:95–101 endoscopic anatomy of (Anatomical Study), 19:271–276Maxillary arch in comminuted and facial fractures, experimental expansion of, 5:11–15 realignment of, 10:43–44 heterotopic ossification in, 19:684–686Maxillary artery pseudoaneurysm, after LeFort I and bilateral lesions in, minimally invasive procedures for removal of sagittal split osteotomies for maxillary (Technical Experience), 19:1650–1652 advancement and mandibular setback (Brief wall, anterior, traumatized, importance of (Technical Clinical Notes), 18:1491–1493 Experience), 19:500–504Maxillary bone metastasis in Hippel-Lindau disease Maxillary sinus (MS) septa, patients with, mucosal (Clinical Note), 11:71–72 pathology in (Clinical Note), 19:159–164Maxillary canine, mandibular fracture and, 3:141–144 Maxillary widening device (MWD), for reliable SARPEMaxillary deficiency, horizontal maxillary osteotomy with (velopharyngeal insufficiency), 19:846–849 interpositional fibula flap for (Clinical Note), Maxillofacial area, Surgicel in augmentation of, 19:1140– 19:1260–1262 1445Maxillary distraction for oral-acral syndrome, 9:123–126 Maxillofacial fractures, complex, rigid external distractor forMaxillary distraction osteogenesis, longitudinal treatment of, 19:306–312 cephalometric analysis after (Brief Clinical Notes), Maxillofacial injuries 16:683–687 in motorcyclists in Malaysia, pattern of, 19:316–321Maxillary distraction osteogenesis, longitudinal sport-related, management of, 19:377–382 cephalometric analysis after (Discussion), 19:1190 Maxillofacial prosthetic rehabilitation, using extraoralMaxillary Distraction Osteogenesis (MDO), patients with implants, 19:398–405 cleft lip and palate (CLP), (Orthognathic Surgery Maxillo-facial surgical planning, virtual reality and Continued), 18:1210–1214 stereolithographic models in, accuracy ofMaxillary distraction osteogenesis, three-dimensional (Technical Experience), 19:482–489 surgical planning for (Original Article), 14:833– Maxillofacial trauma, complication of, 19:313–315 839 MaxillectomyMaxillary hypoplasia, new Internal Le Fort I distractor for globe-sparing total, preservation of orbital content for treatment of (Special Issue: Technical Strategies), reconstruction (Technical Strategies), 17:986– 15:124–127 991Maxillary hypoplasia (Scientific Foundations), 18:820–821 malignant tumors requiring, 11:418–429Maxillary-mandibular complex, vertical surgical reduction medial, through lateral rhinotomy or midfacial degloving of, variations of gonial angle in (Brief Clinical approach for nasopharyngeal neoplasm Notes), 16:716–718 (Clinical Notes), 17:15–20Maxillary and mandibular movements in orthognathic radical, maxillary reconstruction after, using combined surgery, tridimensional valuation of (Original free flap and secondary dynamic suspension Articles), 18:792–799 (Clinical Note), 8:65–72, 8:74 97
  • 98. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY total, RAM flap with anterior rectus sheath in Maxillofacial Surgery, role in patients with Neurofi- reconstruction of, with sparing of orbital bromatosis Type I (Original Articles), 18:489–496 content (Technical Strategies), 17:986–991 Maxillofacial surgery, three-dimensional osteotomy total, use of radial forearm free flap with palmaris planning in, including soft tissue prediction longus tendon in reconstruction of, with (Surgical Strategies), 16:100–104 sparing of orbital contents (Technical Maxillofacial trauma Strategies), 14:220–227 ancient popular tradition as cause (Brief Clinical Notes),Maxillectomy defect, total, reconstruction of, with zygomatic 18:944–945 implant-retained obturator (Brief Clinical Notes), and association with cervical spine fractures (Original 16:485–488 Article), 18:1259–1263Maxillo-cheek flap in facial skeleton reassembly in tumor frontal lipoma after(Correspondence), 18:461 surgery from terror in Israel (Clinical Notes), 18:62–66 (Discussion), 11:326 Maxillofacial, trauma in Australia, comparative cost analysis (Scientific Foundation), 11:318–325 of (Clinical Notes), 15:686–691Maxillofacial Maxillofacial trauma, minor, severe subcutaneous deformities, traumatic, clinical application of distraction emphysema and pneumomediastinum associated osteogenesis for (Clinical Notes), 17:431–437 with (Clnical Note), 14:880–883 gunshot injuries, pre- and post-injury psychiatric status Maxillofacial trauma and psychiatric sequelae, post- of patients with (Clinical Notes), 17:1072– traumatic stress disorder and (Clinical Experience), 1075 16:355–360 injuries due to missile attack in Iraq, evaluation of Maxillofacial virtual surgery, mathematical modeling and immediate phase of management of (Clinical numerical simulation (Clinical Notes), 18:826–832 Notes), 17:217–223 Maxillofacial weapon injuries, evaluation of: 15-year rehabilitation, use of silicon as substitute for or in experience in Belgrade (Original Articles), conjunction with resins (Brief Clinical Notes), 15:543–546 17:152–162 Maxillomandibular advancement with adjunctive skeleton, recurrent, ectopic calcification of, potential procedures for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome harbinger of Albright’s osteodystrophy (Clinical Studies), 16:770–777 (Clinical Notes), 17:21–27 Maxillomandibular deformity, with severe open-bite surgery, titanium osteosynthesis plates, to remove or not deformity (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:998–1001 (Scientific Studies), 17:1144–1149 Maxillomandibular denture complex, relationships of, withMaxillofacial deformity reconstruction, distraction posture and soft-tissue profile of aesthetic adult osteogenesis for, (Surgical Techniques), 18:1133– Korean woman (Scientific Foundation), 11:586 1137 Maxillomandibular discrepancy (Original Articles),Maxillofacial district, neurotrophic spread of both 18:742–744 neuroblastoma and adenoic cystic carcinoma in, Maxillomandibular fixation for edentulous Le Fort fracture, pre- and postsurgical adjuvant treatment of (Brief 8:298–306 Clinical Notes), 16:332–334 Maxillomandibular fixation (MMF), patients treated withMaxillofacial imaging, current (Book Review), 7:323 (Technical Experiences), 18:606Maxillofacial region Maxillomandibular fixation screws (MMFS) method for distraction osteogenesis in, experimental study of, mandibular fractures, complications of (Brief 8:187–193 Clinical Notes), 17:544–549 trauma to Maxillomandibular osteosynthesis, simple intermaxillary absorbable miniplates for fixation of, 8:135–140 fixation for (Technical Strategy), 7:170–172 scale for (Scientific Foundation), 7:130–132 McCune-Albright syndrome with fibrous dysplasiaMaxillofacial region, tumors of, consecutive, rare incidence (Clinical Note), 9:79–82 of (Clinical Note), 12:464–468 McCune Albright Syndrome (MAS), near-total mandibleMaxillofacial surgery reconstruction with free fibula flap containing (Book Review), 11:296–297 fibrous dysplasia (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1479– in children and adults (Book Review), 11:407–408 1482 esthetic (Book Review), 6:339 MDA. See Matthews device arthroplasty within plastic surgery (Guest Editorial), 6:264–268 Medial canthal defects traditional orthognathic, combining single- and double- reconstruction of, use of frontal hairline island flap in tooth osteotomies with (Clinical Note), (Technical Strategy), 19:1653–1657 10:447–453 superthinned inferior pedicled glabellar flap inMaxillofacial surgery, do we need three-dimensional reconstruction of (Technical Experience), computed tomography in (Clinical Notes), 15:842– 19:500–504 850 Medial canthal tendon fixation, new technique for Discussion, 15:850 (Technical Strategy), 19:1154–115898
  • 99. SUBJECT INDEXMedial pterygoid muscle, topography of arteries supplying giant congenital, of trunk, algorithm for treatment of to, clinical implications of (Anatomical Study), (Special Section: Giant Congenital Nevus), 19:795–799 16:886–893Media, electronic (Editorial), 7:95 large, management of, in extremities (Special Section:Medical education, surgeon by preference, reason behind Giant Congenital Nevus), 16:877–885 (Literature Scan), 19:831–832 Melanoma, malignant, potential for development of, withMedical knowledge, today’s: evolution of data exchange congenital melanocytic nevi (Special Section: between tradition and globalization (Special Giant Congenital Nevus), 16:871–873 Note), 17:399–402 Melanomas (MEs), CHNME, Clark’s, Breslow’s and TNMMedial surface of mandible as alternative source of bone classifications for, comparison among (Clinical grafts in orthognathic surgery (Technical Notes), 18:1353–1358 Strategies), 16:123–128 MelanosisMedian mandibulotomy approach, for sublingual congenital (Special Section: Giant Congenital Nevus), intramuscular AVM (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:940–944 18:1496–1500 neurocutaneous (Special Section: Giant CongenitalMedical professionalism, high school reunion model of Nevus), 16:874–876 (Special Editorial; Medical Ethics), 16:747–748 neurocutaneous, clinical presentations of (SpecialMedical societies, future of (Editorial), 12:1 Section: Giant Congenital Nevus), 16:921–925Medical and surgical organizations, affiliations and Melnick-needles syndrome, patient with, mandibular representations in journal (Editorial Note), 18:18 distraction osteogenesis in (Brief Clinical Note),Medicine, business of (Editorial), 16:193–194 19:277–279Medpor Melorheostosis, involving craniofacial skeleton (Brief demineralized bone matrix fenestrated with, for cranial Clinical Notes), 15:1062–1065 defect repair, 5:172–177 Membrane permeability change, extrinsic tension in with new approach for frontonasal immature cranial sutures and (Eighth Conference of encephalomeningocele reconstruction (Brief the ISCS), 12:391–398 Clinical Note), 19:537–539 Membranous bone for treatment of Marjolin’s ulcer of scalp invading outer biodegradable fixation of (Scientific Foundation), calvarial bone, 19:1026–1029 9:171–176Medpor facial implants (Symposium), 10:409 evaluation of, microcomputed tomography scanning in,Medpor®, genetic effects on osteoblast-like cells (Special 9:48–54 Section: Cancer), 17:1243–1250 Meningeal artery hemorrhage from total temporomandibularMedpor grafts joint replacement surgery with gelatin-based clinical outcome of, used for craniofacial reconstruction hemostatic agent (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:309– (Clinical Notes), 16:526–530 311 with EMSEN, for correction of crooked nose (Technical Meningioma(s) Strategy), 19:216–226 ablation of, reconstruction after, split calvarial boneMedpor implant graft in (Clinical Note), 7:133–139 diced, through mini-lateral canthoplasty incision, in of anterior skull base, 4:124–127 surgical treatment of posttraumatic craniofacial, treatment of, 1:196 enophthalmos (Brief Clinical Note), 19:539– extensive hyperostotic, craniofacial neurosurgical 541 approach to, 4:128–134 direct visualization by MDCT (Clinical Note), 19:156– surgery for, reconstruction after, reuse of irradiated bone 158 for (Clinical Note), 9:459–463 for reconstruction of nasal dorsum (Correspondence), Meningitis, aseptic, following craniofacial reconstruction, 18:1506–1508 pseudomeningocele complicating, 1:179Medpor porous polyethylene implants Meningocele, rudimentary, 10:151–152 for facial fractures (Clinical Note), 4:142–146 Meningoencephalocele (MEC) flexblock, craniofacial applications of, 3:101–107 basalMelanocytic neuroectodermal tumor of infants (Brief Clinical pathology of, 4:192 Notes), 18:450–454 treatment of, 4:199Melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy (Clinical Note), classification of, 4:192–193 12:349–354 frontoethmoidal, 2:2–8. See also FrontoethmoidalMelanocytic nevi meningoencephalocele (EMC) congenital. See Congenital melanocytic nevi frontoethmoidal, telecanthus and hypertelorism in, differentiation of congenital smooth muscle hamartoma surgical correction of orbital from (Special Section: Giant Congenital anthropomorphometric evaluation of the Khmer Nevus), 16:16:926–929 subpopulation of Cambodia (Clinical Note), 19:137–147 99
  • 100. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY telecanthus (Clinical Note), 19:148–158 Metopic and coronal synostosis in infants and children,Mental function in Apert’s syndrome, prognosis for extended resorbable spanning plates to FOA for (Literature Scan), 8:82 (Clinical Notes), 17:241–245Mental nerve, injury to, sliding genioplasty and, 7:297– Metopic suture 298 physiologic closure of, timing of, 12:527–532Mental nerve, relation with mandibular branch of facial synostosis of, 12:528, 12:530–532 nerve (Anatomic Studies), 18:165–168 surgery on, computer-aided design planning for,Mental nerve, vulnerability of, during genioplasty 12:548–549, 12:550 (Anatomic Studies), 16:10–14 Metopic suture abnormalities, dynamic springs withMental retardation, pneumosinus dilatans multiplex and resorbable foot plates for treatment of, efficacy and (Clinical Note), 11:487–490 safety of (Scientific Foundations), 18:54–59Mental training, in surgical education (Literature Scans), discussion on, 18:60–61 18:1504–1505 Metopic synostosisMentoplasty, augmentation, using custom-design wire cage deformational plagiocephaly and, 10:473 (Clinical Note), 14:884–892 indications for surgery and outcome assessment inMercedes Benz syndrome, 9:417–422 (Symposium), 9:583–587Mercedes Benz Syndrome (Clinical Note), 18:568 preoperative anthropometric dysmorphology inMergers, corporate (Editorial), 9:489–490 (Literature Scan), 9:412Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC), spontaneous regression of, Metrizamide CT cysternography, for preoperative diagnosis importance of head and neck area in, (Brief Clinical of intraorbital CSF cyst in progressive Notes), 18:1173–1176 exophthalmus after trauma (Brief Clinical Notes),Mesenchymal hamartoma, rhabdomyomatous (Brief Clinical 17:189–191 Notes), 16:1135–1136 Micro plate technique in pediatric craniofacial surgery,Mesenchymal stem cells(MSCs) 6:483 and biodegradable scaffold, tissue-engineered bone Micro Mitek Anchor, soft tissue fixation in face with use of using, (Special Issue: Technical Strategies), (Technical Strategies), 117–119 15:34–37 Microcomputed tomography. See Computed tomography human bone marrow-derived, cryopreseved, osteogenic Microcomputed tomography in membranous bone potential of, 19:693–700 evaluation, 9:48–54Mesenchymogenesis, distraction, for severe mandibular Microcystic adnexal carcinoma, misdiagnosis and hypoplasia (Clinical Note), 12:337–348 aggressiveness of (Clinical Notes), 16:53–58Mesh fixation, rigid, for alloplastic cranioplasty (Technical MicroDissection Needle in bicoronal incisions, 9:344–347 Strategy), 5:265–268 Microenvironment, impact on growth of primary humanMesh fracture, Titanium, in mandibular reconstruction (Brief epidermal cells, 19:1523–1525 Clinical Notes), 16:1120–1121 MicrofixationMetabolism, cerebral glucose, cranioplasty and (Literature in pediatric craniofacial surgery, critical review of, Scan), 12:101 6:301–308Metabolism, glucose, cerebral, single-suture positional stability of, craniofacial growth and, 7:64–68 craniosynostosis and, 10:38–42 Microform cleft lip repairs (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1106–Metal plate in oromandibular reconstruction (Clinical 1109 Note), 12:326–336 MicrognathiaMetallic alloplasts for craniofacial reconstruction (Scientific clinical success of mandibular distraction for obstructive Foundation), 7:460–461 sleep apnea resulting from (Brief ClinicalMetallic foreign body, endoscopic assistance in removal of, Notes), 18:948–953 in condylar process (Special Issue: Technical congenital craniofacial malformations (Clinical Strategies), 15:98–101 Experiences), 18:906Metallic implants in craniofacial region, 6:97 distraction osteogenesis for, imaging neonatal mandibleMetastasis, maxillary bone, in Hippel-Lindau disease for, 12:26–30 (Clinical Note), 11:71–72 facial skeleton to rule out short or long face syndromesMethylmethacrylate or micrognathia (Clinical Experiences), 18:887 in cranial vault defect reconstruction (Symposium), with edentulous maxilla, treatment of (Clinical Note), 7:482–483 11:113–119 in rigid fixation for alloplastic cranioplasty (Technical glossoptosis associated with, mandibular distraction for, Strategy), 5:265–268 9:127–129 vs autogenous material for cranioplasty for acquired neonatal distraction surgery for, reduces obstructive skull defects in children, 3:48–49 apnea and the need for tracheotomy (TechnicalMethylmethacrylate cement in cranioplasty, cerebral Strategies), 15:623–630 microcirculation and (Basic Research), 12:191–193Methylmethacrylate cranioplasty (Symposium), 10:405100
  • 101. SUBJECT INDEXMicrografts and minigrafts together with advancement of Microstructural evaluation of regenerate tissue during temporalis fascia and its periosteum, for treatment of consolidation period after vertical mandibular burn alopecia, 19:907–909 ramus distraction (Experimental Study), 16:805–Micromesh, Vitallium, midface bone defect reconstruction 811 with, 3:125–133 MicrosurgeryMicroneurosurgery, endoscopic: usefulness and cost- for extracranial cephalic schwannomas, 10:389–394 effectiveness (Literature Scan), 19:1431 facial nerve anatomy for (Anatomical Study), 8:6–10Microphthalmia of head and neck, 3:119–120 orbital expansion for, 2:160A Microsurgical nerve reconstruction, intraneural topography (Symposium), 10:281 of extratemporal facial nerve (Anatomic Studies), tissue expanders for inducing facial skeletal growth in 18:578–585 (Technical Note), 2:42–46 Microsurgical tissue transfer in craniomaxillofacialMicrophthalmos, heminasal proboscis with (Brief Clinical reconstruction, 1:77 Notes), 16:301–305 MicrosystemMicroplate(s) in craniomaxillofacial surgery, 5:95–104 in craniofacial surgery (Technical Strategy), 7:160–163 for internal fixation in craniofacial surgery, indications intracranial migration of, after frontal advancement, 9:60– for, 1:35 64 Luhr, for fixation in frontoethmoidal osseous wound healing and, 7:46–52 meningoencephalocele repair, 2:7–8Microplate fixation Microtia, conchal type, mild cases of, auricular frontal bone advancement stability with or without, reconstruction in (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1115– 2:22–26 1119 in infants and children, 6:483 Microtia, reconstruction of, carbon dioxide laser in, in rabbit in pediatric craniofacial surgery, “false” migration of, model (Scientific Foundation), 6:147–150 6:309–313 Microtia repair (Original Article), 14:481–486Microplating for rigid fixation, craniofacial growth Microvascular anastomosis following (Scientific Foundation), 4:234–244 in radial forearm flap for intraoral reconstruction afterMicroRNAs (mi RNA), regulation by anatase nanosurface, pull-through operation, 3:213–216 19:328–333 in serratus anterior free tissue transfer for craniofacialMicroscopic approach to craniosynostosis (Clinical reconstruction, 3:207–211 Studies), 16:997–1005 Microvascular free flap, frontofacial advancement with, inMicroscrew anchorage techniques in craniofacial surgery, Crouzon’s syndrome (Clinical Note), 2:33–37 2:71–74 Microvascular free flaps, for reconstruction of anterior, andMicrosomia middle skull base (Special Section: Vascular craniofacial, bidirectional callus distraction for, 7:258– Anomalies), 17:790–796 266 Microvascular grafting for severe mandibular hypoplasia hemifacial. See Hemifacial microsomia (HFM) (Clinical Note), 12:337–348Microsomia, hemifacial Microvascular reconstruction assessment of, CT-based scoring system in (Clinical of mandible in irradiated patients (Clinical Notes), Note), 12:87–94 18:1359–1369 distraction osteogenesis in combined simultaneous of premaxilla with fibula free flap (Technical (Clinical Note), 12:253–258 Experiences), 18:1385–1394 of costochondral neomandible, fibrous ankylosis after Microvascular transfers, speech aerodynamics and nasalance (Clinical Note), 12:469–474 in oral cancer patients treated with (Clinical masticatory muscle underdevelopment and craniofacial Studies), 16:990–996 skeletal hypoplasia in, 12:31–40 Microvascular transplants in hemifacial microsomia,Microsomia, hemifacial, costochondral graft for, distraction recipient vessels for, 3:187–189 lengthening of, 11:350–353 Middle cranial fossa, dislocation of mandibular condyleMicrosomia, hemifacial, determinants of successful into, condylectomy and transposition of temporal distraction osteogenesis of mandible in, from muscle flap for (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:590–594 longitudinal results (Clinical Notes), 16:549–558 Middle ear, with petrous temporal bone, GCT of (SpecialMicrosomy, hemifacial, evolution of treatment protocols in, Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:797–800 mandibular distraction and (Original Article), Middle East Jaw lymphoma, apoptotic changes of (Clinical 16:563–571 Notes), 17:231–235Microspheres, biodegradable, in delivery systems of Middle meningeal artery hemorrhage from total osseous repair, 4:136–137 temporomandibular joint replacement surgery withMicrospicule hypothesis of single sutural craniosynostosis gelatin-based hemostatic agent (Brief Clinical etiology (Literature Scan), 7:324 Notes), 16:309–311 101
  • 102. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERYMiddle- and upper-third facial injuries, compound (Clinical 12:264–272 Note), 4:153–161 sleep apnea and (Clinical Note), 12:73–77Midface juvenile ossifying fibroma of (Clinical Note), 10:442– advancement of 446 by bone distraction for craniofacial deformities, Le Fort III midfacial distraction using internal external 9:114–122 distraction device for syndromic canine model for, endoscopy and distraction craniosynostosis (Clinical Notes), 17:1050– osteogenesis in development of, 9:423–432 1058 for craniosynostosis syndromes involving mid-face reconstruction after maxillary tumor resection, calvarial and orbit, 9:100–112, 9:119–122 bone grafts and temporalis muscle flap for with distraction, respiratory outcome of: comparison (Clinical Notes), 17:1092–1104 of Le Fort III and frontofacial monobloc (Clinical trauma to, reconstructive surgery for, 2:95–100 Notes), 17:880–882 tumors of, penetrating, requiring maxillectomy, 11:418– need for children with syndromal craniosynostosis 429 (Clinical Notes), 17:28–39 Midface distraction, without osteotomies in infant with osteotomies for (Surgical Strategy), 17:957–961 upper respiratory obstruction (Clincal Note), osteotomy, glabelar reverse v-shaped and temporal 19:1603–1607 approaches instead of bicoronal approach (Brief Midface distraction osteogenesis, three-dimensional Clinical Notes), 17:147–151 surgical planning for (Original Article), 14:833– osteotomy, LeFort III advancement, with and without 839 osteogenesis distraction (Original Articles), Midface lift, video-assisted endoscopic transtemporal 17:536–543 multilayer upper (Technical Strategies), 16:267– bone defects of, reconstruction of, with Vitallium 276 micromesh, 3:125–133 Midface reconstruction, complex: maximizing contour and defects in, from malignant tumors, 11:418–429 bone graft survival utilizing periosteal free flaps deficiency in, in cleft palate, Le Fort III osteotomy for, (Original Articles) (Surgical Strategies), 14:413– 5:295 416, 14:779–782 (Correspondence), 6:256–257 Midfacial advancement, sutural distraction osteogenesis deformity(ies) of (SDO) versus osteotomy distraction osteogenesis in craniofacial dysostosis (ODO) for (Clinical Notes), 16:537–548 management of (Symposium), 9:594–597 Midfacial degloving approach, modified for sinonasal treatment of (Symposium), 9:295–297 tumors, 19:1518–1522 in craniosynostosis, distraction for (Symposium), Midfacial distraction (Symposium), 10:274–280 10:282 Midfacial rejuvenating surgery, need for knowledge on distraction osteogenesis of, expressive language surgical anatomy of retaining ligaments in development and (Clinical Note), 12:69–72 periorbital area (Anatomical Study), 19:800–804 duplication of (Clinical Note), 5:257–262 See also Distraction osteogenesis (DO), midfacial fractures of Midfacial hypoplasia, with apert syndrome, surgical complex, endoscopic repair of, 8:170–175 approaches, practicable osteotomies, and their operative airway management practices for, survey of, advantages, 17:150 8:201–206 Midforehead incision as approach to frontal sinus and upper orbital rim and floor in, selective management criteria face (Technical Strategy), 6:408–411 for (Literature Scan), 8:522 Midline cervical web, double-opposing Z-plasty for traumatic, nonmetallic fixation for, 8:103–109 correction of (Surgical Strategies), 14:774–778 growth of Midline cleft syndrome with sphenoethmoidal compensatory changes in, with plate fixation of encephalocele (Clinical Note), 2:38–41 premaxillomaxillary suture in rabbit, 3:197–202 Midline facial cleft, 7:408–411 septopremaxillary ligament resection and, in Midline sinus, median cleft lip with (Clinical Note), 9:366– chimpanzee, 1:182 370 unilateral trigeminal nerve branch lesions at skull Midpalatal split, Le Fort I osteotomy with, transoral base and nasal capsule growth in rabbits, 6:40–48 approach to nasopharynx and clivus using, 2:158 hypoplasia of Mid-sagittal vector analysis (MSVA), for quantitative and in craniosynostosis, distraction osteogenesis for, qualitative assessment of deformity (Clinical 9:100–112, 9:119–122 Notes), 17:680–686 in Crouzon patients (Scientific Foundation), 7:69–70 Migration midfacial advancement by bone distraction for, of bone cells, and recruitment in vitro, effect of platelet 9:114–122 releasate on (Special Issue: Regenerative hypoplasia of, distraction osteogenesis for internal Medicine), 14:292–300 biodegradable devices for (Clinical Note),102
  • 103. SUBJECT INDEX intracranial, of microplates vs wires and, after frontal Minor salivary gland, conjunctival graft of: surgical advancement, 9:60–64 treatment of dry eye syndrome (Special Issue: of microplates and screws in pediatric craniofacial Technical Strategies), 15:6–10 surgery, 6:301–308 Miracles in surgery, expectations of, 3:123 of rigid fixation appliances in pediatric craniofacial Misdiagnosis of microcystic adnexal carcinoma (Clinical surgery, “false,” 6:309–313 Notes), 16:53–58Military-civilian collaboration in trauma care (Literature Missile injuries, to orofacial region, posttraumatic, 19:300– Scan), 19:542 305Milk, breast, intake of, association between fatty acid profile Mitogens in distraction osteogenesis of mandible (Basic of serum lipids in ten-year-old cleft children, Research), 10:80–85 school performance, and (Clinical Studies), Mobile phone, infraorbital nerve disturbance with, after 16:764–769 miniplate osteosynthesis (Clinical Note), 12:475–Millard and Tennison-Randall techniques, in TAN repair of 478 unilateral cleft lips (Technical Strategies), 18:186– Mobilization, complete, of cheek zone for orbit exenteration 197 (Surgical Strategies), 16:823–828Mineral, bovine bone, reconstruction of calvarial defects in Model surgery rabbit model with, 4:79–84 occlusal plane leveling during (New Ideas andMineralization Innovations), 4:266–267 in developing coronal sutures (Eighth Conference of the silicone thermoplastic glue in (Technical Strategy), ISCS), 12:399–400 7:315–316 in mandibular osteotomy healing, 12:444–450 Modeling, computerized, for cranial and facial deformityMinimal lethal dose (MLD) for lidocaine, 5:125–126 reconstruction (Technical Strategy), 9:548–556Mini-invasive eminectomy, for treatment of chronic recurrent Modeling, medical, computed tomography in (Discussion), TMJ (Techincal Experience), 19:510–512 12:96Mini-lateral canthoplasty incision, for diced medpor Modified activator appliance, mandibular asymmetry implants in surgical treatment of posttraumatic treatment (Technical Strategy), 18:939–943 enophthalmos (Brief Clinical Note), 19:539–541 Moebius syndrome (Clinical Note), 10:93–95Minimally invasive angle repair, mandibular, improvement Moebius syndrome, effects of gracilis muscle transplantation of (Technical Experience), 19:525–527 on speech in children with, 14:687–690Minimally invasive procedures, for removing lesions in Molded polymethylmethacrylate external retention bolsters maxillary sinus (Technical Experience), 19:1650– for soft-tissue support following medial 1652 canthopexy (Technical Strategy), 4:48–50Minimally invasive video-assisted surgery (MIVA), Molders of this plastic surgeon and his quest for symmetry (Surgical Techniques), 18:1142–1146 (Special Communications), 15:898–908Minipig model Molding, skull, 9:572 continuous bone distraction in (Literature Scan), 12:101 Molding helmet therapy(MHT) TCP ceramic bone substitution materials in, 12:59–68 for positional plagiocephaly, QOL and parentalMinipig model, passive and active intracranial trans- satisfaction in, 19:56–58 location of osteosynthesis plates in, 6:292–300 in treatment of brachycephaly and plagiocephalyMinipig models, infant, biodegradable miniplate results in (Special Issue: Technical Strategies), 15:118– (Commentary), 11:244–245 123 (Original Scientific Foundation), 11:239–243 Molding, nasoalveolar, in infants with cleft lip and palate,Miniplate, titanium, osteosynthesis with, infraorbital nerve natal teeth as potential impediment to (Technical disturbance with cellular phone use and (Clinical Experience), 16:262–266 Note), 12:475–478 Molecular weight of DL-polylactic acid biodegradableMiniplate fixation of high condylar fracture and plates and screws, loss of (Scientific Foundation), postoperative exercise regimen (Technical 4:223–227 Strategies), 16:113–116 Monobloc advancementMiniplates, intracranial migration of, after frontal with distraction, respiratory outcome of, in patients with advancement, 9:60–64 faciocraniosynostosis (Clinical Notes),Miniplating for rigid fixation, craniofacial growth following 17:880–882 (Scientific Foundation), 4:234–244 for faciocraniosynostosis, complication of (ClinicalMiniscrews, in human cadaver bone, holding power of Notes), 17:843–847 bioabsorbable self-reinforced poly-L/DL-ladtide Monobloc advancement, fronto-facial, with rigid external 70/30 tacks and (Scientific Foundations), 14:171– distraction (RED-II) system (Special Issue: 175 Technical Strategies), 15:54–59Minor salivary gland of hard palate, EMC in (Brief Clinical Monobloc distraction: technical modification and Note), 19:1689–1691 considerations (Surgical Strategies), 14:763–766 103
  • 104. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERYMonobloc distraction with internal devices (Clinical Note), Moyamoya disease (MMD) 10:244–251 scalp defect after, reconstruction using occipital pedicleMonobloc distraction osteogenesis, measurement and V-Y advancement flap (Clinical Note), monitoring of, using three-dimensional comput-ed 19:1075–1079 tomography rendered images with ‘biporion- with transsphenoidal encephalocele, caution in treating dorsum sellae’ plane, precision and reproduc- of (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:1004–1009 ibility of (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:430–434 MSH. See Maxillary sinus hypoplasiaMonobloc nasal osteotomy for external nasal deviation Mucocele (Technical Strategy), 5:61–65 in fractured frontal sinus, delayed development of (BriefMonobloc osteotomy, (Technical Strategy), 7:229–251 Clinical Note), 19:1419–1422Monobloc procedure for midface deformity in craniofacial frontal sinus, ectopic, delayed development of, after dysostosis syndromes (Symposium), 9:594–596 pediatric cranial trauma (Clinical Note), 6:327–Monostotic fibrous dysplasia, cranioplasty for (Clinical 331 Experience), 17:62–67 paranasal sinus, diagnosis and treatment of, 8:391–397Morbidity Mucocele, giant, of frontal sinus (Special Section: Giant after iliac crest bone harvesting, preemptive analgesia Congenital Nevus), 16:933–935 and (Clinical Study), 9:448–451 Mucoepidermoid carcinoma, from pleomorphic adenoma of in removal vs retention of rigid internal fixation devices, soft palate, adjuvant neck radiotherapy for (Brief 9:40–44 Clinical Notes), 17:1192–1194Morbidity, donor site, of rib graft harvesting in primary Mucoepidermoid carcinoma, on upper lip vermilion (Brief alveolar cleft bone grafting (Brief Clinical Notes), Clinical Notes), 18:445–448 16:335–338 Mucoperiosteal flap, palatal, for palatal fracture (ClinicalMorphogenetic protein, recombinant human bone, repair of Experience), 10:49–57 alveolar clefts in patients with clefts with (Clinical Mucoperiosteal and gingivoperiosteal flaps with Vicryl Notes), 16:778–789 sutures (Clinical Notes), 18:858Morphogenetic protein-2, recombinant human bone, with Mucoperiosteal hinge flap in palatal defect Helistat-activated collagen implant (Original reconstruction, 12:561–563 Articles), 16:1023–1032 (Discussion), 12:564Morphogenetic proteins, bovine bone, role of, in bone Mucopolysaccharidosis I H, murine knock-out model of, matrix protein and osteoblast-related gene craniofacial abnormalities in: a computed expression during rat bone marrow stromal cell tomography and anatomic study (Scientific differentiation (Experimental Study), 16:1006– Foundations), 15:392–398 1014 Mucormycosis, lethal invasive, resulting in brain abscess inMorphologic analyses of cranium, quantitative, using three- diabetes (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:578–583 dimensional computed tomography and life-size Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT), lymphoma of, model, cranial distraction for plagiocephaly and arising in parotid gland (Brief Clinical Notes), (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:688–692 16:693–695Morphological findings, and new classification: Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma of frontoethmoidal encephalomeningocele (Clinical hypopharynx, (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1189– Review), 14:847–858 1192Morphology, facial, International Anthropometric Study of, Mucosal flap, for oronasal fistula repair from oral side in various ethnic groups/races (Original article), (Technical Experiences), 18:1408–1409 16:615–646 Mucosa, palatal, collagen scaffolds implanted in, 19:599–Mortality, in burn patients, association with fungal wound 608 infection (Literature Scan), 19:1186 Mucosal rotation advancement, nasal, central lip flap and,Motorcyclists, in Malaysia, maxillofacial injuries in, pattern important aspects of composite correction of of, 19:316–321 bilateral cleft lip nose deformity and (SurgicalMouse cranial sutures, fusing, detection of apoptosis in, Strategies), 16:255–261 versus nonfusing mouse cranial sutures (Basic Mucositis, radiation-induced, radiation therapy effect in Research), 16:572–578 irradiated patients with oral cancer, (Brief ClinicalMouse embryo, cultured, craniofacial anomalies of, induced Notes), 18:1157–1163 by inhibition of sonic hedgehog signaling, animal Multidetector computer tomography (MDCT) for direct model of holoprosencephaly (Scientific Studies), visualization medpor implant (Clinical Note), 16:80–88 19:156–158Mouse embryonic model of fetal alcohol syndrome Multilayer upper midface lift (MUM-lift), video-assisted (Scientific Foundations), 16:1055–1063 endoscopic transtemporal (Technical Strategies),Mouse model, of mandibular osteotomy healing, 12:444– 16:267–276 450Mouth. See Oral cavity104
  • 105. SUBJECT INDEXMultimodality imaging, for precise localization of temporalis, fixation of, to transplanted hydroxyapatite craniofacial osteomyelitis (Innovations and implant using titanium plate (Technical Note), Techniques), 14:215–219 12:292–298Multiplanar mandibular distraction, 9:322–329 zygomaticomandibularis (Anatomical Strategies), controlled, 9:504–513 16:655–657Multiple huge epidermal inclusion cysts, mistaken as Muscle(s), orbicularis oris neurofibromatosis (Brief Clinical Note), 19:1683– arrangement of, in cleft lips, 11:232–235 1686 in minimal clefting (Clinical Note), 11:270–294Multislice computed tomography angiography (MCTA), in unilateral and bilateral clefts, functional matrix repair before free flap surgery (Original Article), and, 11:437–469 18:1284–1289 Muscles, extraocular, innervation features of (AnatomicMultivector distraction in shortening of mandibular linear Studies), 18:1439–1446 distance (Basic Mechanical Research), 12:505–514 Muscular torticollis, recalcitrant idiopathic, in infants withMUM-lift. See Multilayer upper midface lift (MUM-lift) botulinum toxin type A (Brief Clinical Notes),Munchausen’s syndrome, severe cervicofacial subcutaneous 16:321–326 emphysema associated with (Brief Clinical Notes), Musculocutaneous flaps in myelomeningocele repair 16:661–663 (Clinical Note), 11:500–508Muscle fiber types, immunohistochemical study of Musculoperiosteal flaps in pig, 6:466 differences between (Anatomic Studies), 18:591– Mutation, FGFR3 P250R, increased risk of reoperation in 593 apparent ‘nonsyndromic’ coronalMuscle(s) craniosynostosis from (Anatomic Studies), buccinator, myotomy on, in dentoskeletal class II 16:347–354 alterations, 12:409–425 Mutation analysis, FGFR2 mutations among Thai children (Discussion), 12:426 with Crouzon and Apert syndromes (Scientific frontalis, insertion of, relating to blepharoptosis repair Foundations), 14:101–104 (Anatomic Studies), 16:965–967 Mutations, of fibroblast growth factor receptor gene in inferior oblique, origin of, depression of, in blowin craniosynostosis (Scientific Foundation), 12:580– orbital fracture (Scientific Foundation), 7:449– 584 459 Myasthenia gravis (MG), parotid gland mucoepidermoid lateral rectus, in blow-in orbital fracture (Scientific carcinoma associated with, (Clinical Notes), Foundation), 7:449–459 18:1055–1057 masseter, resection of, hemorrhage in, deep middle Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection, within parotid masseteric artery in (Anatomical Landmarks), gland warthin tumor (Clinical Note), 19:1561– 12:381–385 1565 (Discussion), 12:386 Myelomeningocele, repair of (Clinical Note), 11:500–508 masseter, course of masseteric nerve in (Anatomic Mylohyoid nerve, cutaneous sensory branch of (Anatomic Strategies), 16:197–200 Studies), 16:343–346 of mastication, underdevelopment of, in hemifacial Myoblastoma (Clinical Note), 12:78–81 microsomia, 12:31–40 Musculocutaneous flaps in myelomeningocele repair masticatory, post-traumatic severe trismus caused by (Clinical Note), 11:500–508 impairment of (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:277– Mylohyoid muscle, herniation of (Anatomical Studies), 279 15:566–569 oculomotor, levator and superior rectus, presence of CFS Myocutaneous flap, with hard palate mucosa, for upper between, to be kept in mind in ptosis surgery eyelid reconstruction (Brief Clinical Notes), (Anatomical Study), 19:241–245 17:1011–1015 platysma, anatomy and evaluation of, for reconstruction Myoepithelioma, malignant, of tongue base, 12:544–545 of facial defects (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:463– Myotomy, buccinator muscle, in dentoskeletal class II 469 alterations, 12:409–425 rectus abdominis, free flap of, for neurosurgical (Discussion), 12:426 complications (Technical Strategy), 7:317–321 sternocleidomastoid (Anatomical Strategies), 16:201– Nager syndrome, patients with, craniofacial structures and 204 dental development in (Brief Clinical Notes), temporal, orthodromic transportation of, for facial 17:1180–1187 paralysis (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:306–308 Nanofiber (n-fiber)-based scaffolds, use in tissue temporalis engineering (Special Editorial), 18:3–17 anchoring, in craniofacial surgery (Technical Nanostructural and nanomechanical properties of Strategy), 7:168–169 synostosed postnatal human cranial sutures innervation pattern of (Anatomic Study), 9:185–189 (Scientific Foundation), 17:91–97 Invited discussion, 17:98–99 105
  • 106. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERYNanotechnology, potential for medical applications of Nasal hair matrix cyst, mimicking dermoid cyst (Brief (Special Editorial), 17:3–7 Clinical Note), 19:1422–1424Narcotics, soft palate necrosis and velopharyngeal Nasal laryngeal mask airway, nasolaryngeal ventilation insufficiency resulting from intranasal inhalation of with, in dental surgery (Clinical Note), 9:383–387 (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1482–1486 Nasal-maxillary complex in adolescents with cleft lip andNasal alar deformity, reconstruction of (Brief Clinical palate, surgical treatment of (Original Articles), Notes), 18:1477–1479 18:748–755Nasal alar margin, retracted, reconstruction of (Brief Clinical Nasal mucosal rotation advancement, central lip flap and, Notes), 18:442–445 important aspects of composite correction ofNasal bone, re-injury of, facial protection masks for bilateral cleft lip nose deformity and (Surgical prevention of (Clinical Notes), 18:143–145 Strategies), 16:255–261Nasal airways, effect of maxillary expansion on (Clinical Nasal osteotomies, (Surgical Techniques), 18:1098 Notes), 17:1045–1049 Nasal packing fabrication, armed with ventilation tubeNasal alveolar molding appliance, modified, for management (Technical Strategy), 19:1385–1386 of cleft lip defect, 14:700–703 Nasal pyogenic granuloma gravidarum, giant (Brief ClinicalNasal augmentation, using calcium phosphate cement Notes), 16:319–320 (Special Issue: Technical Strategies), 15:102–105 Nasal reconstructionNasal bone fractures, analysis of (Clinical Notes), 17:261– fixation of split calvarial graft in (Surgical Strategies), 264 17:131–138Nasal capsule, growth of, unilateral trigeminal nerve branch overgrowth of costochondral graft in (Brief Clinical lesions at skull base and, in rabbits, 6:40–48 Notes), 16:736–740Nasal cartilaginous septal and vomeral bone reconstructed EMSEN with medpor grafts for (Technical Strategy), with costal cartilaginous graft (Surgical 19:216–226 Strategies), 16:819–822 Nasal resonance, in German-speaking cleft patients (ClinicalNasal cavity Notes), 15:158–164 site for EAF (Special Section: Vascular Anomalies), Discussion, 15:164 17:812–814 Nasal shapes, and related differences in nostril forms unusual foreign body in (Brief Clinical Notes), (Anatomical Study), 19:1402–1408 17:1176–1180 Nasal tip plasty, experimental study of (ScientificNasal, cleft lip, deformity, secondary unilateral: functional Foundations), 18:551–558 and esthetic reconstruction (Clinical Note), Nasal tip projection, improved, in treatment of bilateral cleft 14:584–593 nasal deformity (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:834–839Nasal deformities associated with orthognathic surgery: Nasal tip, reconstruction of (Technical Experiences), analysis, prevention, and correction (Original 18:1380–1384 Articles), 18:734–739 Nasal turbinates, anatomical variations of (AnatomicalNasal deformity Study), 19:1678–1682 bilateral cleft, improved nasal tip projection in treatment Nasal valve, reconstruction of (Original Articles), 18:516– of (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:834–839 519 bilateral cleft lip, new modified forked flap with Nasalance, measures in German-speaking cleft patients subcutaneous pedicles for (Technical Strategy), (Clinical Notes), 15:158–164 19:1374–1380 Discussion, 15:164 posttraumatic, corrective osteotomy technique for Nasalance and speech aerodynamics in oral cancer patients (Technical Experience), 19:476–481 treated with microvascular transfers (ClinicalNasal dermoid, intracranial, frontonasal osteotomy to Studies), 16:990–996 facilitate removal of (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:732– Nasal-cheek flap for craniofacial fibrous dysplasia and 735 Ollier’s disease (Clinical Note), 7:10–144Nasal deviation, external, monobloc correction of (Technical Nasion, soft tissue, 7:290–296 Strategy), 5:61–65 Nasoalveolar molding in infants with cleft lip and palate,Nasal dorsal defects, reconstruction of, use of frontal hairline natal teeth as potential impediment to (Technical island flap in (Technical Strategy), 19:1653–1657 Experience), 16:262–266Nasal dorsum, reconstruction with medpor implants Naso-ethmoidal osteotomy and costo-chondral bone (Correspondence), 18:1506–1508 grafting after Le Fort III osteotomy DO andNasal fossa, primary malignancies of, UICC classification mandibular/bimaxillary advancement for Peiffer and new T-staging system for, 8:405–412 syndrome with exorbitism and conjuctivalNasal fracture, repositioning technique using little finger, ecchymosis (Clinical Notes), 17:44–49 19:1512–1517 Nasoethmoidal type of frontoethmoidalNasal glioma (Case Report), 10:149–154 meningoencephalocele, 2:2Nasal gliomas: identification and differentiation from Nasofacial phycomycosis, by Conidiobolus (Brief Clinical hemangiomas (Clinical Notes), 14:736–738 Notes), 18:448–450106
  • 107. SUBJECT INDEXNasofrontal disjunction, endoscopic (Technical Strategy), Navigational system, intraoperative, three-dimensional, in 6:510 craniofacial surgery, 8:290–296Nasofrontal orbital complex, fractures of (Technical N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate in facial bone fractures (Clinical Strategies), 18:695 Note), 8:229–235Nasofrontal type of frontoethmoidal meningoencephalocele, Neck 2:2 dissection of, for unresectable primary head and neckNasoglabellar dermoid, endoscopic, excision of: case report tumor, 12:438–443 (Technical Strategies), 15:473–477 and headNasolabial aesthetics improvement, subnasal modified Le consecutive primary tumors in (Clinical Note), Fort I for (Technical Strategy), 7:399–402 12:464–468Nasolabial aesthetics (Original Articles), 18:756–765 reconstruction of, pectoralis major myocutaneous flapNasolabial area of infants, anthropometric values in with metal plate for (Clinical Note), 12:326–336 (Anatomic Studies), 17:57–59 reconstruction of, regional and free flaps for, atlas ofNasolacrimal apparatus, protection of, during elective (Book Review), 6:424 orbital osteotomies, prophylactic lacrimal tumors of, pull-throgh operations for, intraoral intubation for (Technical Note), 2:47–50 reconstuction after, radial forearm flap in, 3:213–216Nasolacrimal obstruction, in patients with epiphora, tumor of, unresectable, 12:438–443 diagnosis with dacryocystography (Brief Clinical and head, surgery of, atlas of (Book Review), 11:409 Notes), 17:184–189 hiberoma of (Clinical Note), 12:284–286Nasomaxillary reconstruction, in Binder syndrome, lift, tympanoparotid fascia relating to, anatomy of, 19:1225–1236 19:648–651Nasoorbital type of frontoethmoidal meningoencephalocele, microsurgery of, 3:119–120 2:3 pediatric, burn scar contractures of, 19:1010–1015Naso-orbito-ethmoid fractures, need for early surgical tumor of, by ectopic salivary gland (Clinical Note), reduction to prevent problems and deformities of 11:394–397 nasolacrimal system, modified DCR technique for Neomandible, costochondral, distraction osteogenesis of, (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:184–188 fibrous ankylosis after (Clinical Note), 12:469–Naso-orbitoethmoid fractures, 58 consecutive, a 474 retrospective analysis of, posttraumatic obstruction Neonatal cranial sutures, synostosed, structural and of lacrimal pathways (Special Issue: Technical mechanical properties of (Scientific Foundation), Strategies), 15:29–33 17:91–97Nasoorbitoethmoid fractures, management of (Clinical Note), Neonatal respiratory distress, outcomes of tongue-lip 11:101 adhesion for, caused by Pierre Robin sequenceNasopalatine duct cysts, magnetic resonance imaging (Clinical Experience), 15:819–823 (Clinical Note), 5:57–60 Neonatal tracheostomy, complications of (Literature Scans)Nasopharyngeal airway, role for OSA in syndromic 16:512 craniosynostosis, 19:659–663 NeonateNasopharyngeal angiofibroma mandible of, imaging of, for accurate distraction surgical approaches for (Clinical Notes), 17:15–20 osteogenesis, 12:26–30 spontaneous involution of (Brief Clinical Note), melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy in (Clinical 19:1686–1689 Note), 12:349–354Nasopharyngeal teratomas, (Clinical Notes), 18:1085 Neonate, spontaneously infected cephalohematoma inNasopharynx (Clinical Note), 11:371–375 and clivus, transoral approach to, using LeFort I (Discussion), 11:376 osteotomy with midpalatal split, 2:159 Neonates, swallowing dysfunction and hyoid bone meningiomas of anterior skull base expanding into, abnormalities in, association between (Anatomical 4:124–127 Study), 19:259–263 nasopharyngeal teratomas in, (Clinical Notes), 18:1085 Neonates with PRS, respiratory distress in, mandibular DO osteolipoma of, (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1176–1179 for, 19:1237–1243 transnasal approach to, (Technical Strategy), 5:130–135 Nerve(s)Nasotracheal intubation, difficult, nasal laryngeal mask facial. See Facial nerve airway and (Clinical Note), 9:383–387 facialNatal teeth as potential impediment to nasoalveolar molding microsurgical anatomy of (Anatomical Study), 8:6–10 in infants with cleft lip and palate (Technical paralysis of, after intratemporal and extratemporal Experience), 16:262–266 blunt trauma (Clinical Note), 8:431–436National surgical quality improvement program (NSQIP) infraorbital and supraorbital, location of, facial fracture (Literature Scans), 18:1504 approaches with landmark ratios to predict:Nausea and vomiting, postoperative, prophylactic anatomic study (Original Article), 14:473–477 ondansetron for (Clinical Experience), 10:45–48 inferior alveolar. See Inferior alveolar nerve 107
  • 108. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY infraorbital, cutaneous sensibility on (Anatomic Neurocutaneous melanosis (NCM), sudden development Studies), 16:953–956 from congenital melanocytic nevus (Special injury to, sliding genioplasty and, 7:297–298 Section: Cancer), 17:1216–1218 masseteric, course of, in masseter muscle (Anatomical Neurocutaneous melanosis, clinical presentations of Strategies), 16:197–200 (Special Section: Giant Congenital Nevus), mental, vulnerability of, during genioplasty (Anatomic 16:921–925 Studies), 16:10–14 Neurocutaneous syndrome, repeated tissue expansions on mylohyoid, cutaneous sensory branch of (Anatomic split-thickness skin graft in a patient with Studies), 16:343–346 (Technical Strategies), 18:699–703 occipital, neuromuscular hamartoma of (Brief Clinical Neurocutaneous syndromes, neurofibromatosis as (Clinical Notes), 16:741–742 Note), 9:280–284 optic Neuroectodermal tumor of infancy, melanotic (Clinical decompression of Note), 12:349–354 in cranial base fibrous dysplasia, 6:5–14 Neurofibromas, head and neck, massive pediatric, single- extracranial (Review), 10:454–459 stage total and near-total resection of (Clinical injury to Experiences), 17:506–510 direct, from wooden foreign body (Clinical Neurofibromatosis, multiple huge epidermal inclusion cysts Note), 7:311–314 mistaken as (Brief Clinical Note), 19:1683–1686 supraorbital-pterion approach to, 7:224–227 Neurofibromas of nose, teratomas of sphenoid sinus supraorbital, horizontal branch of, and temporal branch differentiated from, 2:141 of facial nerve (Anatomical Strategies), 16:647– Neurofibromatosis 650 cranio-orbital-temporal (Clinical Note), 9:529–535 of temporalis muscle (Anatomic Study), 9:185–189 gigantic, of orbit (Clinical Note), 8:497–500Nerve grafting, use of sural nerve in, topographic and of orbit and skull base (Clinical Note), 9:280–284 histologic characteristics of (Anatomic Studies), Neurofibromatosis and neurofibroma, multicenter study 18:1434–1438 of wound healing in, (Original Articles), 18:1008–Nerve growth factor (NGF), and brain-derived neurotrophic 1011 factor, role of, in inferior alveolar nerve Neurofibromatosis Type I patients, role of Maxillofacial regeneration in distraction osteogenesis (Clinical Surgery in (Original Articles), 18:489–496 Review), 14:859–865 Neurological deterioration after lumbar cerebrospinal fluid effects of, on craniofacial onlay bone graft survival, drainage, 3:145–148 2:174–180 Neuromuscular hamartoma of occipital nerve (Brief ClinicalNerve palsy, position and shape of lingual nerve in Notes), 16:741–742 mandibular third molar region as risk factors for Neuronavigator, endoscopic facial skeletal surgery using, (Anatomical Study), 19:264–270 7:326–332Nerve regeneration, effect of laser welding on (Experimental Neuronavigator, use of, in the orbital surgery of a rare case of Study), 17:687–691 Rosai-Dorfman disease (Clinical Notes), 15:651–Nerve regeneration, using three dimensionally cultured 654 Schwann cell conduit (Original Articles), 18:475– Neuropathy, optic 487 extracranial optic nerve decompression for (Review),Neural crest development, dysgenetic, in giant congenital 10:454–459 nevocellular nevus (Clinical Note), 7:376–383 traumaticNeurilemmoma of parapharyngeal space (Clinical Note), complicating facial fracture repair, 8:352–355 11:367–370 (Special Commentary), 8:356–359Neurilemmoma of tongue (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:859–860 Neuropathy, optic, anterior ischemic, complicating cranialNeurite outgrowth, guided, in vitro, peptide surface vault reconstruction for sagittal synostosis in modification of expanded poly (tetrafluoroethylene) child (Clinical Notes), 16:559–562 fibers for, spinal cord injury strategies (Special Neuroplasticity in cleft palate patient (Clinical Note), Issue: Regenerative Medicine), 14:308–316 11:66–70Neuroblastoma, neurotrophic spread of, in maxillofacial Neuropsychologic outcome after craniofacial fracture, 1:163 district, pre- and postsurgical adjuvant treatment of Neurospheres, ASC-derived, as neural progenitors in vitro (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:332–334 and in vivo (Scientific Foundations), 18:49–53Neurocapsular matrix, growth of, effects of frontal bone Neurosurgeon, craniosynostosis and, 5:148 advancement on, 2:93–94 Neurosurgery, preoperative planning in, application ofNeurocognitive sequelae of scaphocephaly (Literature rapid prototyping techniques in cranial Scan), 12:102 reconstruction and preoperative planning inNeurocutaneous melanosis (Special Section: Giant (Clinical Note), 14:899–914 Congenital Nevus), 16:874–876 Neurosurgical complications, free rectus abdominis muscle flap for (Technical Strategy), 7:317–321108
  • 109. SUBJECT INDEXNeurotrophic spread of both neuroblastoma and adenoid 19:204–210 cystic carcinoma in maxillofacial district, pre- and Nonmelanoma skin tumors involving craniofacial region, postsurgical adjuvant treatment of (Brief Clinical 18:1021–1033 Notes), 16:332–334 Nose, crooked, medial iliac crest bone graft as supportingNeurotropism, unilateral trigeminal nerve branch lesions at framework (Technical Strategy), 19:1631–1638 skull base and nasal capsule growth in rabbits, Nose deformity 6:40–48 and bilateral cleft lip, reconstruction of (TechnicalNeurovascular canal, inferior alveolar, course of, relative to Strategy), 19:1353–1358 sliding genioplasty, 3:20–24 cleft lip, posterior dome graft technique for (TechnicalNevi Strategy), 19:1359–1363 congenital. See Congenital nevi Nonsyndromic cleft, recent developments in orofacial cleft congenital facial, treatment of (Special Section: Giant genetics (Original Article), 14:130–143 Congenital Nevus), 16:897–903 Nonsyndromic coronal craniosynostosis, apparent, congenital melanocytic. See Congenital melanocytic increased risk of reoperation in, from FGFR3 nevi P250R mutation (Anatomic Studies), 16:347–354 giant congenital, management of, with artificial skin Nonsyndromic craniosynostosis substitutes in children (Special Section: Giant coronal suturectomy for, increased intracranial pressure Congenital Nevus), 16:904–907 after, 10:104–109 giant congenital melanocytic, of trunk, algorithm for retrospective study of, 10:140–147 treatment of (Special Section: Giant Congenital Nonsyndromic plagiocephaly, ophthalmologic findings in Nevus), 16:886–893 patients with (Clinical Note), 14:529–532 large melanocytic, management of, in extremities (Special Norian, use of, and Novabone in cranioplasty: a comparative Section: Giant Congenital Nevus), 16:877–885 study (Technical Strategies), 15:483–489 melanocytic, differentiation of congenital smooth muscle Normal values for intracranial volume, 9:493–503 hamartoma from (Special Section: Giant Normocalcemic hyperparathyroidism, brown tumor in Congenital Nevus), 16:16:926–929 children with, report of two cases (Clinical Notes),Nevomelanocytes. See Giant nevi 14:69–73Nevus, nevocellular, giant congenital, overlying en- Nose. See also Nasal cavity cephalocele (Clinical Note), 7:376–383 alar deformity, reconstruction of (Brief Clinical Notes),Nevus sebaceus of Jadassohn (NS), in children and excision, 18:1475–1479 study of 757 cases, and literature review, 14:658– bleeding, after bimaxillary osteotomy (Brief Clinical 660 Notes), 18:1491–1493Newborn. See Neonate cleft lip (Surgical Strategies), 16:95–99New World cranial deformation practices (Literature Scan), cleft lip deformity of, unilateral, surgical correction of, 19:292 9:20–28Nitinol spring, rapid lengthening of rabbit mandibular cleft lip and, unilateral, repair of: 33-year experience ramus by using: a preliminary study (Experimental (Clinical Note), 14:549–558 Study), 15:725–729 columellar defects, congenital and acquired,Nitinol Spring, for transport distraction osteogenesis reconstruction of (Brief Clinical Notes), (Scientific Foundations), 17:943–949 18:1500–1503Nodular fasciitis, with degeneration and regression (Brief DCL, and depressor septi nasi muscle, anatomical and Clinical Note), 19:1167–1170 functional relationship between (AnatomicNoma defects, of the lateral face associated with bony Studies), 17:286–290 ankylosis, free flap transfer for closure and deformity of, unilateral cleft lip, sliding sulcus procedure interposition-arthroplasty in (Surgical Strategies), for (Clinical Note), 10:346–364 15:766–772 depressed, use of calcium phosphate cement paste for Discussion, 15:773 correction of (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:327–Noma sequelae, treatment of, follow-up after (Clinical Note), 331 12:273–283 growth of, in bilateral cleft lip and palate, 7:290–296Noncomminuted zygoma fractures, treatment of, with and jaw surgery, combination of, (Orthognathic Surgery percutaneous reduction and rigid external devices Continued), 18:1204 (Surgical Strategies), 16:829–833 length of, in Filipino children, normative data for,Non-hodgkin lymphoma, primary extranodal, of oral cavity 12:427–432 (Brief Clinical Note), 19:1183–1185 (Discussion), 12:433Nonfusing mouse cranial sutures, detection of apoptosis in and lip, secondary deformity due to lack of soft and hard fusing mouse cranial sutures versus (Basic tissues in centrofacial region (Clinical Notes), Research), 16:572–578 17:854–863Nonimmunosuppressed (NIS) rats, cranial defects in, hDPSC for reconstruction of (Scientific Foundation), 109
  • 110. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY pinocchio nasal deformity, secondary to lymphangioma Obwegeser osteotomy, atypical Frey syndrome complicating circumscriptum (Brief Clinical Notes), (Clinical Note), 9:543–547 18:1473–1475 Occipital and fronto-orbital advancement technique in total reconstruction of, in children, 9:522–528 calvarial reconstruction (Literature Scan), 8:241 reconstruction of, in frontoethmoidal encephalocele, Occipital bar in treatment of lambdoidal synostosis 12:6–18 (Technical Strategy), 4:118–122 retracted nasal alar margin, reconstruction of (Brief Occipital bone, epidermoid cyst of (Clinical Note), 6:161– Clinical Notes), 18:442–445 163 shape, in Turkish young adults, statistical analysis of Occipital deformities (Guest Editorial), 7:4 (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:219–224 Occipital encephalocele(s)Nostrils, z-plasty with composite graft to prevent asymmetry craniofacial correction of, 4:215–222 in (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:602–604 large, surgical correction of, 2:162ANovabone, use of, and Norian in cranioplasty: a comparative Occipital flap rotation for unilateral lambdoid synostosis, study (Technical Strategies), 15:483–489 3:12–17Nude mouse critical-sized calvarial defect model, for human Occipital nerve, neuromuscular hamartoma of (Brief Clinical osteoprogenitor cells investigations (Scientific Notes), 16:741–742 Foundation), 19:192–197 Occipital pedicle V-Y advancement flap, for reconstructionNumerical simulation, and mathematical modeling in of scalp defect after Moyamoya disease surgery maxillo-facial virtual surgery (Clinical Notes), (Clinical Note), 19:1075–1079 17:661–667 Occipital plagiocephaly, unilateral lambdoid synostosisNurser, Playtex, modified for cleft palate differentiated from, 9:240–246 commentary on, 9:438–439 Occipitoparietal bone flap for mandibular reconstruction (Technical Strategy), 9:271–274 (Technical Strategy), 6:249–253 Occiput, flattening of, supine sleeping position and, 7:12–Obliterated sutures, condition variables in children with 17 craniofacial anomalies: descriptive study (Clinical Occlusal forces, simulated, before and after vertical ramus Notes), 15:151–156 elongation, three-dimensional finite element Discussion, 15:157 analysis of mandible and temporomandibular jointObstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on, by distraction osteogenesis (Brief Clinical distraction osteogenesis for (Symposium), 10:280 Notes), 16:421–429 in growing patient (Clinical Note), 10:430–434 Occlusal plane, leveling of, during model surgery (New surgical flap division for, speech benefits of posterior Ideas and Innovations), 4:266–267 pharyngeal flap are preserved after surgical flap Occlusion, abnormal, and TMJ dislocation (Brief Clinical division for: experience with division of 12 Notes), 18:1466–1470 flaps, 14:630–636 Occlusion, class II, posterior airway space in, cephalometric in syndromal craniosynostoses, aggressive surgical study of (Clinical Note), 10:252–258 management of, 3:8–11 Occlusion, difficulties, after simultaneous mandibular and apnomonitor for measurement of pre/postsurgical status maxillary distraction in an adult case of hemifacial (Clinical Notes), 17:44–49 microsomia (Technical Strategies), 15:464–468 clinical success of mandibular distraction (Brief Clinical Occlusion splint therapy, for craniomandibular disorders Notes), 18:948–953 (CMD) (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:572–578 in syndromic craniosynostosis, nasopharyngeal airway Octyl-2-cyanoacrylate, for primary and revision cleft lip role for, 19:659–663 repair (Surgical Strategies), 17:340–343Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, maxillomandibular Ocular injury, orbital foreign body, penetrating from cheek advancement with adjunctive procedures for (Clinical Note), 19:439–440 (Clinical Studies), 16:770–777 Ocular staphyloma with facial clefting (Clinical Note),Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), surgical 8:326–327 orthognathic management (Clinical Experiences), Oculo-auriculo-vertebral syndrome, embryogenesis of 18:902–911 (Clinical Note), 11:546Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, undiagnosed, in Oculomotor muscles, levator and superior rectus, presence of children with syndromal craniofacial synostosis CFS between, to be kept in mind in ptosis surgery (Clinical Notes), 15:670–674 (Anatomical Study), 19:241–245Obturator, closed and hollow, screw cap for, (Surgical Oculopharyngeal dystrophy, myopathic form of chronic Techniques), 18:1138–1141 progressive external ophthalmoplegia (ClinicalObturator, zygomatic implant-retained, reconstruction of Notes), 17:247 total maxillectomy defect with (Brief Clinical Oculoplastic surgery (Book Review), 9:304 Notes), 16:485–488 ODO. See Osteotomy distraction osteogenesis (ODO)Obwegeser, atypical Frey syndrome complicating (Clinical Odontogenic carcinoma, clear cell, genetic profile of Note), 9:543–547 (Scientific Foundations), 14:356–362110
  • 111. SUBJECT INDEXOdontogenic tumors, in childhood (Brief Clinical Note), Optic neuropathy, anterior ischemic, complicating cranial 19:1173–1176 vault reconstruction for sagittal synostosis inOdontomas, CXOs (complex) and CDOs (compound), in child (Clinical Notes), 16:559–562 children and adolescents (Clinical Notes), Optic neuropathy, traumatic. See Traumatic optic 18:1338–1342 neuropathy (TON)Odontoma type supernumerary teeth, tuberculate and (Brief complicating facial fracture repair, 8:352–355 Clinical Notes), 16:1098–1101 (Special Commentary), 8:356–359Oligodontia, treatment with endo-osseous fixtures (Original Optical surface imaging (3D) in medicine: review of Article), 18:1327–1330 working principles and implications for imagingOllier’s disease, nasal-cheek flap for (Clinical Note), 7:140– unsedated child (Technical Experience), 19:517– 144 524Oncology, surgical, pediatric (Book Review), 10:97 Oral cancer patients tumor pH measurement of, intracellularOndansetron, prophylactic, for postoperative nausea and and extracellular, (Clinical Notes), 18:1051–1053 vomiting (Clinical Experience), 10:45–48 Oral cancer patients treated with microvascular transfers,One-stage operation for frontoethmoidal encephalocele, speech aerodynamics and nasalance in (Clinical 10:135–139 Studies), 16:990–996One-stage reconstruction with radial forearm free flap, of Oral cavity defects of oral commissure and cheek (Clinical in Apert’s syndrome, 3:181 Note), 19:1508–1511 cancer of, site-dependent survival in, 8:399–404One-stage zygomaticomandibular approach, for improved of primary extranodal non-hodgkin lymphoma (Brief access to hemimaxilla and middle base of skull Clinical Note), 19:1183–1185 (Technical Experience), 19:528–533 tumor of, temporary anterior mandibular osteotomy for,Onlay bone graft survival, craniofacial, effects of nerve design of, 10:186–192 growth factor on, 2:174–180 Oral commissureOnlay bone grafting, biodegradable vs titanium fixation in, burns and pediatric eyelid, 19:960–969 7:54–59 defects in, one-stage reconstruction of (Clinical Note),Open-bite deformity, severe, with bilateral congenital 19:1508–1511 trigeminal sensorimotor neuropathy (Brief Clinical Oral mucosa, after cleft lip repair, for secondary correction of Notes), 17:998–1001 vermilion deformities (Technical Strategy),Open depressed skull fractures, primary reconstruction 19:1370–1373 using titanium mesh (Technical Experience), Oral and craniofacial manifestations of fetal alcohol 19:490–495 syndrome, 2:157Open-tip approach: evolutions in rhinoplasty (Technical Oral clefts, visual, auditory, and tactile temporal Srategy), 19:1326–1329 processing in children in (Clinical Notes),Open transnasal approach to midline skull base, 7:196–203 15:510–518Operative surgery, quality of trials in (Literature Scan), Oral imaging, current (Book Review), 7:323 19:832 Oral manifestations, unusual, and evolution in glycogenOphthalmic artery (OA) storage disease type Ib (Clinical Notes), 16:45–52 intraorbital course of, (Surgical Techniques), 18:1126– Oral injuries, due to high-risk sports (Clinical studies), 1131 17:825–827 multiple takeoff vessels branching off, (Clinical Notes), Oral melanoma, (Clinical Notes), 18:1059–1061 18:1091–1093 Oral sounds, selected, pressure-flow measurements for, muscular branches of, (Surgical Techniques), 18:1127– produced by normal children and adolescents: a 1129 basis for clinical testing (Clinical Notes), 15:247–Ophthalmic plastic surgery (Book Review), 7:252 254Ophthalmologic findings, in patients with nonsyndromic Discussion, 15:254 plagiocephaly (Clinical Note), 14:529–532 Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) maspin expression in,Ophthalmometer, orbitometer combined with (Scientific immunohistochemical evaluation of, (Scientific Foundation), 7:437–439 Foundations), 18:1040–1042Opitz trigonocephaly syndrome, 3:86 Oral squamous cell carcinoma, effect of induction chemo-Optic nerve therapy on changes of laminin and syndecan decompression of expression in, prospective, randomized, in cranial base fibrous dysplasia, 6:5–14 clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study extracranial (Review), 10:454–459 of (Scientific Study), 16:205–212 injury to Oral surgery, biomaterials used in, surface analysis methods direct, from wooden foreign body (Clinical Note), of: literature review (Clinical Materials), 16:31–36 7:311–314 Oral surgery, importance of knowledge on course of supraorbital-pterion approach to, 7:224–227 mandibular canal and its anatomic variations for (Clinical Studies), 17:487–491 111
  • 112. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERYOral-acral syndrome, maxillary bone distraction gigantic neurofibromatosis of (Clinical Note), 8:497– osteogenesis for, 9:123–126 500Orbicularis oculi muscle, innervation of, in upper eyelid hemangiopericytoma of, recurrence of, 9:55–59 defect (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:1011–1015 hypoplasia of, in craniosynostosis, distractionOrbicularis oculi muscle, upper, facial nerve in, pattern of osteogenesis for, 9:100–112, 9:119–122 the temporal branch of (Original Articles), 15:373– injury to, supraorbital-pterion approach to, 7:224–227 376 intraosseous hemangioma of (Clinical Note), 11:386–Orbicularis oris muscle 387 arrangement of, in cleft lips, 11:232–235 meningiomas of anterior skull base expanding into, in minimal clefting (Clinical Note), 11:270–294 4:124–127 in unilateral and bilateral clefts, functional matrix repair osteoma of, surgical strategy for (Clinical Note), 9:464– and, 11:437–469 467Orbit. See also Eye(s); Globe reconstruction of, in frontoethmoidal encephalocele, anophthalmic, superior sulcus depression in, pericranial 12:6–18 flap correction of, 10:487 reconstruction of, for sphenoid wing defects, split contents of, sparing, radial forearm free flap with palmaris calvarial bone graft in (Clinical Note), 7:133– longus tendon in reconstruction of total 139 maxillectomy with (Technical Strategies), rehabilitation of, with osseointegrated implants 14:220–227 (Technical Strategy), 9:388–393 in cranio-orbital-temporal neurofibromatosis (Clinical rim of, in zygomatic complex and midface fractures, Note), 9:529–535 selective management criteria for (Literature defect of, reconstruction of, after tumor resection Scan), 8:522 (Technical Strategy), 5:275 roof of, fracture of, surgical techniques in (Literature distraction of (Symposium), 10:281 Scan), 7:173 expansion of rotation of (Literature Scan), 10:526 distraction osteogenesis from, 6:368–374 squamous epithelial cyst in, complicating Silastic for microphthalmos, 2:160A implantation (Symposium), 10:281 (Clinical Note), 9:452–455 explorations of, techniques for improved visibility and commentary on, 9:456–458 lid protection in, 1:69 surgery on floor of in craniofacial malformations, 7:207–223 exploration of, indications for, 1:187 orbitometer-ophthalmometer in (Scientific posttraumatic defects of, bone grafting for, 3:175–180 Foundation), 7:437–439 reconstruction of surgical anatomy of, 10:129–134 alloplastic implants in, natural history of eratoma of, surgical treatment approach for, 1:8 (Scientific Foundation), 5:26–33 transcranial approach to, microsurgical anatomy for materials for (Literature Scan), 10:170–171 (Literature Scan), 6:85 in zygomatic complex and midface fractures, selective transnasal approach to, (Technical Strategy), 5:130–135 management criteria for (Literature Scan), 8:522 tumor resection around, immediate bone reconstruction floor of, fractures of, resorbable mesh in treatment of after (Technical Strategy), 5:275 (Clinical Note), 12:242–246 tumors of foreign body in, retained (Clinical Note), 12:82–86 (Book Review), 7:83 fracture(s) of huge ossifying, reconstruction for (Technical acute, extended open reduction and internal fixation Strategy), 7:156–159 of, soft-tissue alterations with, 3:134–140 volumetric analysis of (Literature Scan), 8:242 blow-in (Scientific Foundation), 7:449–459 wall of, fractures of, titanium mesh screen implant in, blowout, Silastic implantation for, complication of, 12:555–559 9:452–455 Orbit (Clinical Note), 9:452–455 after Converse: seeing what is not there (Special commentary on, 9:456–458 Presentation), 15:363–367 (Book Review), 7:82 and temporal area, zygomaticotemporal nerve passage in complex, zygoma-lateral, treatment of, 3:48 (Anatomical Studies), 15:209–214 extensive traumatic, 10:284–299 Orbit, anophthalmic, reconstruction of, by orbital osteotomy maxillary antral bone grafts for repair of, 2:18–21 and free flap transfer (Brief Clinical Notes), Silastic implantation for, complication of (Clinical 16:1091–1097 Note), 9:452–455 Orbit exenteration, complete mobilization of cheek zone for statistical data on (Correspondence), 2:110–111 (Surgical Strategies), 16:823–828 fractures of, management of (Clinical Note), 11:100–101 Orbit posttraumatic subperiosteal hemorrhage in child associated with subdural intracranial hemorrhage,112
  • 113. SUBJECT INDEX diagnosis and treatment of (Brief Clinical Notes), Orbital decompression, three-wall, in Graves 16:407–410 ophthalmopathy for improvement of visionOrbit(al) (Technical Strategy), 14:500–503 arteriovenous malformation, management of, in child Orbital deformities, surgical correction of, using lamella and (Special Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:779– complex osteotomies in both orbital rim and 782 wall (Technical Strategies), 16:144–149 blowout fractures, buckling and hydraulic mechanisms Orbital deformity, acquired, reconstruction of (Clinical in (Clinical Notes), 17:438–441 Note), 19:1092–1097 disorders, diagnosis and treatment of, importance of Orbital dystopia in craniofacial malformation, surgical anatomic landmarks of ethmoidal arteries in treatment of, 8:17–22 (Anatomic Studies), 17:280–285 Orbital enlargement, and maxillary sinus hypoplasia, fractures (OF) correlation between (Clinical Note), 19:159–164 new classification and staging system for (Clinical Orbital evisceration in study of role of pressure on Notes), 17:1040–1044 craniofacial bone growth regulation, 5:2–10 granular cell tumor of, locally advanced, surgical Orbital fissure syndrome (Clinical Note), 12:82–86 resection of (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:594–598 Orbital floor injury, traumatic, leading to contracted eye socket, full blow-out fracture of, in early childhood, 14:666–671 thickness and thick split thickness skin graft and maxillary sinus, endoscopic anatomy of (Anatomical for reconstruction of (Clinical Notes), 17:224– Study), 19:271–276 230 Orbital floor defects, reconstruction of, ultra-thin porous posttraumatic cerebrospinal fluid cyst of (Brief Clinical implants used for, long-term outcomes of (Clinical Notes), 17:189–191 Notes), 16:973–977 reconstruction Orbital floor fractures by extraoral bone-anchored implants technique enopthalmos in, rounding of inferior rectus muscle as (Clinical Notes), 17:848–853 predictor in (Clinical Notes), 18:127–132 titanium cranial implants with prosthetic reconstruction of surgical procedures (Technical reconstruction an excellent techniques for Experiences), 18:599–600 (Clinical Notes), 17:889–897 Orbital floor osteotomies performed by intraoral approach, septum of lower eyelid, CPF relationship with new instrument design for (Technical Strategy), (Anatomic Studies), 17:1118–1120 6:454 support, RAM flap with anterior rectus sheath for Orbital floor restoration (Clinical Notes), 16:968–972 (Technical Strategies), 17:986–991 Orbital foreign body, penetrating from cheek (Clinical tissue, augmentation of, costal cartilage grafts for Note), 19:439–440 (Clinical Notes), 17:673–679 Orbital fracture, treatment, surgical timing in: experience tumor resection, surgical displacement into maxillary with 108 consecutive cases (Clinical Notes), cavity as novel approach for (Special Section: 15:145–150 Cancer), 17:1251–1258 Orbital hemangiopericytoma, recurrent, surgical treatment of vascular malformations of, in child (Special Section: (Special Issue: Technical Strategies), 15:106–113 Vascular Anomalies), 17:779–782 Orbital hypertelorism, (Literature Scan), 10:526Orbital advancement for craniosynostosis syndromes Orbital implants, alloplastic, in orbital floor reconstruction involving midface and orbit, 9:100–112, 9:119– (Scientific Foundation), 5:26–33 122 Orbital mass, recurrent, surgical treatment of (Special Issue:Orbital anthropomorphometric evaluation, of the Khmer Technical Strategies), 15:106–113 subpopulation of Cambodia (Clinical Note), Orbital osteotomy(ies) 19:137–147 elective, prophylactic lacrimal intubation for protectionOrbital approaches, importance of anatomic features of of nasolacrimal apparatus during (Technical lacrimal artery for (Anatomic Studies), 16:957–964 Note), 2:47–50Orbital and bipartition shift, how to choose between, when for huge ossifying tumors involving orbit (Technical correcting teleorbitism, 2:164A Strategy), 7:156–159Orbital blow-out fractures, strangulated trapdoor type, in Orbital osteotomy, reconstruction of anophthalmic orbit by children, fracture pattern and clinical outcome in (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1091–1097 (Literature Scans), 16:513 Orbital pseudotumor (OPT), diagnosis of, (Brief ClinicalOrbital bony surgery, transconjunctival approach for: in Notes), 18:1148–1152 which cases should it be used? (Surgical Orbital reconstruction Strategies), 15:454–457 cranial bone grafting for (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:181–Orbital cancer in Iraq, management and reconstruction of 184 (Clinical Notes), 18:1370–1375 in combination with bone grafts for treatment of enophthalmos, 19:351–359 Orbit, craniofacial fibrous dysplasia of, 19:1532–1537 113
  • 114. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERYOrbital rim fixation, inferior, treatment of zygomatic fractures Oromaxillofacial area, osteohypertrophy of, angiodysplasia without (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:481–484 with (Clinical Note), 12:485–489Orbital rim and wall, surgical correction of orbital and Oro-nasal fistulas, use of decellularized dermal grafting in, periorbital deformities using lamella and complex after cleft palate repair (Clinical Notes), 17:636– osteotomies in (Technical Strategies), 16:144–149 641Orbital roof, congenital abnormalities of, and vertical orbital Oronasal fistula in irradiated palate, closure of dystopia, autogenous orbital reconstruction in (Discussion), 12:500 child with (Surgical Strategies), 15:930–933 (Technical Strategies, Ideas, and Innovations), 12:495–Orbital trauma, silent sinus syndrome secondary to, late 499 enophthalmos mimicking (Brief Clinical Notes), Oronasal fistula, repair with STSG on nasal side and 16:840–842 mucosal flap on oral side (Technical Experiences),Orbitocranial surgery (Book Review), 12:200 18:1408–1409Orbitofacial rehabilitation, total, 8:194–199 Oronasal fistula, residual, after cleft palate surgery, stagedOrbito-fronto-temporal reconstruction, use of computer- repair of, 6:375–381 designed PEEK implants in (Brief Clinical Notes), Oropharyngeal carcinoma, treatment modalities for (Clinical 18:224–228 Notes), 18:133–136Orbitomalar malformations in Treacher Collins syndrome, Oropharyngeal cavity, teratoma of, congenital (Clinical surgical treatment of, 6:211–216 Note), 11:106–112Orbitometer-ophthalmometer (Scientific Foundation), Oropharyngeal teratoma, management of, in newborn: 7:437–439 patient with epignathus (Original Article),Orbitopalpebral expansion (Symposium), 10:281 14:468–472Orbitostenosis, extreme, cloverleaf skull anomaly with Oropharynx (Clinical Note), 8:75–77 cancer of, stage grouping of (Clinical Experience),Orbitozygomatic complex (OZC) 10:73–77 biomechanical analysis of, 10:400–403 incompetence of, in otocephaly (Clinical Note), 7:372– (Clinical Note), 10:237–242 375 injuries of, orbital volumetric analysis in (Literature meningiomas of anterior skull base expanding into, Scan), 8:242 4:124–127Orbitozygomatic hypoplasia Orthodontic management correction of, 10:11–17 of facial deformities in cleidocranial dysplasia, 6:49–54 radiation-induced, DO of, 19:678–683 of midfacial distraction (Symposium), 10:278–279Orbitozygomatic fractures, computer-assisted surgical Orthodontic models, for prediction of transverse maxillary treatment of (Clinical Notes), 17:837–842 dimension, 19:1465–1471Orbitozygomaticomaxillary deformities, traumatic, treatment Orthodontic-surgical treatment, after posttraumatic bilateral of (Technical Strategy), 12:603–607 condylectomy of mandible in adult patientOrder behind reverse logic (Editorial), 18:463–464 (Clinical Notes), 14:55–62Organ culture in in vitro analysis of distraction Orthodontic tooth movement, distraction osteogenesis and osteogenesis (Scientific Foundation), 9:564–571 (Discussion), 11:308–311, 11:509–510 Orthodontic treatment versus anterior segment osteotomy, (Scientific Foundation), 11:303–307 determinants of successful treatment of bimaxillaryOroantral fistula, recurrent, use of serratus anterior free flap protrusion and (Clinical Study), 16:234–246 to treat (Technical Strategies), 15:335–340 Orthodontic treatment, cranial base angulation in, 19:334–Oroendotracheal intubation, transmylohyoid, 3:39–40 338Orofacial cleft genetics, recent developments in (Original Orthodromic transportation of temporal muscle for facial Article), 14:130–143 paralysis (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:306–308Orofacial clefts (OFC) Orthognathic deformities in adulthood, management of reduced recurrence of, folic acid/multivitamins and (Symposium), 9:298–299 (Literature Scan), 7:255 Orthognathic and nasal surgery, indications for, repaired, preschoolers with, maternal discourse features (Orthnognathic Surgery Continued), 18:1198– used with, 2:190–192 1199 nonsyndromic, preschool children with, QoL and family Orthognathic surgery functioning in, 19:580–587 arthrogryposis: diagnosis and therapeutic planning forOrofacial region, posttraumatic missile injuries to, 19:300– patients seeking orthodontic treatment or 305 (Clinical Notes), 18:838–843Oromandibular limb hypogenesis syndrome (Clinical Note), audit on (Clinical Note), 19:184–186 11:398–404 bioabsorbable plate and screw fixation in (ScientificOromandibular reconstruction, pectoralis major Foundations), 18:818–825 myocutaneous flap with metal plate for (Clinical cephalometric tracings in (Clinical Notes), 18:829 Note), 12:326–336114
  • 115. SUBJECT INDEX for class II occlusion, posterior airway space in (Clinical Oropharyngeal cavity, teratoma of, congenital (Clinical Note), 10:252–258 Note), 11:106–112 for complex facial disproportion, 10:214–220 Osmidrosis, axillary, in Apert syndrome: management with complications of (Continuing Medical Education), arthroscopic shaver technique (Clinical Note), 18:975–985 19:1126–1130 computer-assisted 3D virtual osteotomy system for Osseointegrated craniofacial implants, facial reha-bilitation (Clinical Notes), 18:830 with (Technical Strategy), 9:388–393 condylar displacement in (Clinical Note), 2:146–147 Osseointegrated dental implants in mandibular for correction of maxillomandibular malformations, and reconstruction (Technical Strategy), 8:512–521 TMDs, relations between, 19:687–692 Osseointegrated denture in mandibular reconstruction after in craniomaxillofacial fibrous dysplasia (Clinical Note), hemimandibulectomy, 8:58–64 10:155–159 Osseointegrated implant(s) discipline within specialty (Special Editorial), 18:715– for cranial bone grafts for mandibular reconstruction 716 (Technical Strategy), 4:51–57 effect on nasal morphology (Original Articles), 18:735– in distraction osteogenesis in maxillofacial region, 738 8:187–193 for facial deformities in cleidocranial dysplasia, 6:49–54 placement of, ultrasound in, 8:187–193 follow-up form for patients undergoing titanium, for facial prostheses attachment, 7:254 (Communication), 16:190–192 Osseointegration, craniofacial (Invited Editorial), 8:246– functional and aesthetic endpoints in (Original 251 Articles), 18:725–733 Osseointegration, and guided bone regeneration in mandibular osteotomies in (Technical Experiences), ectodermal dysplasia patients (Original Article), 18:931–938 18:1296–1304 medial surface of mandible as alternative source of bone Osseointegration, recombinant human transforming growth grafts in (Technical Strategies), 16:123–128 factor |gb-1 effects of, on (Special Issue: modern practice in (Book Review), 8:153 Regenerative Medicine), 14:268–277 for post-traumatic anomalies and dentoskeletal Osseointegration of titanium miniplate/screw (Scientific malocclusions (Clinical Notes), 17:661–667 Foundation), 11:184–188 resorbable screw fixation in (Clinical Report), 10:230– Osseous fixation, rigid appliances for, “false” migration of, 236 in pediatric craniofacial surgery, 6:309–313 rigid and wire fixation in, comparison of complication Osseous regeneration, demineralized bone matrix and, rates between, 2:161–162A 5:172–177 rigid fixation in, 3:2 Osseous repair and delivery role of rhinoplasty in combination with (Original factors for (Scientific Foundation), 4:102–107, 4:135– Articles), 18:738–739 139 semirigid bone fixation in (Clinical Note), 2:146–151 systems for, 4:135–138 signs of obstructive sleep apnea in (Clinical Notes), Ossification in distraction osteogenesis, distraction rate 17:44–49 and silicone thermoplastic glue in (Technical Strategy), (Discussion), 11:308–311, 11:509–510 7:315–316 (Scientific Foundation), 11:303–307 three-dimensional imaging system to quantitatively Ossification assess nasal changes after (Original Articles), lack of, after cranioplasty for craniosynostosis (Clinical 18:737 Note), 4:247–254 three-dimensional medical modeling methods for precise active center of, scintigraphy for evaluation of, 19:406– planning of (Original Articles), 18:740–747 410 traditional, combining single- and double-tooth heterotopic, in maxillary sinus, 19:684–686 osteotomies with (Clinical Note), 10:447–453 Ossified cephalhematoma, surgical treatment of (Surgical vertical symphyseal osteotomy as, 9:338–343 Strategies), 15:774–779Orthognathic surgery for facial skeletal deformity with Ossified cephalohematoma, surgical treatment of (Technical malocclusion (Clinical Note), 11:128–136 Strategies), 17:970–979Orthognathic surgery: an informed consent model (Brief Ossifying fibroma, of the skull: interactive image-guided Clinical Notes), 15:858–862 minimally invasive localization and resectionOrthopedic treatment of hemimandibular hyperplasia (Brief Clinical Notes), 15:854–858 (Clinical Strategy), 11:46–53 Ossifying tumor, huge, of orbit, reconstruction forOrthotic cranioplasty for deformational plagiocephaly (Technical Strategy), 7:156–159 (Literature Scan), 10:380 Ostectomies, body, changes in pharyngeal airway space andOrthotic device for positional plagiocephaly, 12:308–313 hyoid bone positions after (Clinical Study),Oromandibular limb hypogenesis syndrome (Clinical Note), 16:23–30 11:398–404 115
  • 116. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERYOstectomy, core, percutaneous power-oriented (Technical parietal, for mandibular and maxillary reconstruction, Strategy), 6:170–172 3:183Ostectomy of lateral cortex around mandibular angle temporalis muscle, use mandibular reconstruction in (Clinical Note), 12:314–325 Goldenhar syndrome (Clinical Note), 19:165–Osteitis, frontal, extensive bone defects from, galea flap for 170 (Technical Strategy), 6:164–168 Osteofixation, biodegradableOstene, new water-soluble bone hemostasis agent (Clinical intraosseous plating in, 9:247 Notes), 17:420–425 (Scientific Foundation), 9:171–176Osteoblast biology, calvarial, equibiaxial tensile strain Osteofixation devices, naturally absorbable (Overview affects on (Scientific Foundations), 14:348–355 Section), 14:247–259Osteoblasts Osteogenesis exposed to anatase coating, translation regulation in, of bone substitutes, comparing: hydroxyapatite, high- 19:328–333 density porous polyethylene, and bone normal and irradiated, effect of HBO on (Scientific collagen: a biochemical and histological Foundation), 19:757–765 analysis (Experimental Studies), 15:585–593 normal, and ODHPSCs, genetic portraits of, comparison Discussion, 15:594 between, 19:616–625 BMP gene therapy in, 11:24–30 discussion on, 19:626–627 calvarial, in adult primates, tissue segregation enhancing cytokine secretion from (Scientific Foundation), 11:189– (Scientific Foundation), 5:34–43 193 in calvarial reconstruction in baboons with porous exposed to porous polyethylene (Special Section: hydroxyapatite, 3:152, 3:158 Cancer), 17:1243–1250 dissecting distraction, in vitro method for (ScientificOsteoblast gene expression, regional dura mater differential Studies), 16:71–79 regulation of (Scientific Foundations), 14:363–370 distraction. See Distraction osteogenesisOsteoblast-like cells distraction. See Distraction osteogenesis (DO) from infant rabbit orbitozygomatic complex (OZC), distraction (Scientific Foundations), 18:1045–1049 consolidation after, determining optimal time for, in vitro studies of radiation effects on, (Original 11:430–436 Articles), 18:1005–1006 craniofacial, en bloc (Clinical Note), 11:246–251Osteoblast-like phenotype. See Osteoblast-like cells craniofacial, en bloc (Commentary), 11:252–253Osteoblast-related gene expression, role of bovine bone external maxillary, anesthetic concerns of (Special morphogenetic proteins in bone matrix protein and, Issue: Technical Strategies), 15:78–81 during rat bone marrow stromal cell differentiation Le Fort III osteotomies and (Experimental Study), 16:1006–1014 (Anatomical Study), 11:197–202Osteoblastoma, benign, rare location of: review of literature (Discussion), 11:406 and report of a case (Clinical Notes), 15:222–225 mandibularOsteoblasts, gene expression of, transforming growth factor bone-grafted, 11:350–353 beta in regulation of (Scientific Foundation), multiplanar, 11:83–95 12:183–190 maxillaryOsteoclastic resorption, proton pump inhibitors control of, (Commentary), 11:295 in calcium phosphate implants, stimulate increased with skeletal anchorage (Clinical Note), local reparative bone growth (Special Issue: 11:120–127 Regenerative Medicine), 14:301–307 two-dimensional mathematical model ofOsteoconduction (Scientific Foundation), 11:312–317 in cranial incorporation of porous hydroxyapatite in submerged distractor in (New Ideas and calvarial reconstruction, 3:157, 3:158 Innovations), 11:59–61 fibrillar polylactic acid homopolymer in sheep cranial in vitro analysis of defects and, 7:32–35 (Discussion), 11:308–311, 11:509–510Osteoconductive drug-releasing hard tissue fixation (Scientific Foundation), 11:303–307 devices, bioabsorbable, multifunctional, distraction-assisted in situ, reconstruction of #7 facial innovation in (Literature Scan), 19:545–546 cleft with (Original Articles), 16:1023–1032Osteocutaneous flap, vascularized, distraction osteogenesis experimental mandibular distraction, custom-made and, simultaneous, for facial asymmetry (Scientific distraction device for (Brief Clinical Foundation), 7:469–472 Notes)16:675–682Osteodistraction, mandibular, effect of, on temporo- intraoral distraction, unilateral mandibular ramus mandibular joint elongation by (Surgical Strategies), 16:247– canine study on, 6:358–362 254 clinical study on, 6:364–367 heterotopic, in demineralized bone, age and (ScientificOsteofascial flap Foundation), 9:142–146116
  • 117. SUBJECT INDEX induced, demineralized bone matrix and, 3:63–68 Osteolysis, craniofacial, massive (Clinical Note), 6:332– in mandibular osteotomy healing, 12:444–450 336 materials enhancing, 9:310–316 Osteoma maxillary distraction, vector alignment in (Technical forehead, endoscopic excision of (Technical Strategy), Strategies), 17:992–997 6:516 nude mouse critical-sized calvarial defect model for of forehead/brow, endoscopic ablation of, 8:176–180 studies on (Scientific Foundation), 19:192–197 of frontoethmoidal sinuses, 2:75–81 of orbitozygomatic hypoplasia, 19:678–683 intraorbital, surgical strategy for (Clinical Note), 9:464– osteotomy distraction, for midfacial advancement, sutural 467 distraction osteogenesis (SDO) versus orbital, huge ossifying, reconstruction for (Technical (Clinical Notes), 16:537–548 Strategy), 7:156–159 periosteal preservation and, in canine rib autograft types of, 2:77–78 model, 5:161–171 Osteoma, benign, with Gardner syndrome: review of the porous hydroxyapatite implant geometry and (Scientific literature and report of a case (Clinical Notes), Foundation), 7:71–78 15:506–509 prostaglandin E1 and (Scientific Foundation), 11:189– Osteoma cutis, as presenting sign of Albright’s 193 osteodystrophy, treatment of (Clinical Notes), in situ (Original Articles), 16:1033–1042 17:21–27 sutural distraction, versus osteotomy distraction Osteoma(s) ivory, of craniofacial skeleton (Clinical Notes), osteogenesis (ODO) for midfacial advancement 14:729–735 (Clinical Notes), 16:537–548 large, of cranial vault, 97–100 transforming growth factor- 1 and (Scientific Osteomas, of maxillofacial district, endoscopic surgery Foundation), 7:300–310 versus open surgery (Original Article), 19:1446–Osteogenic capacities, of tibial and cranial periosteum 1452 (Scientific Foundation), 19:453–458 Osteoma, peripheral, of maxillary alveolar process, (BriefOsteogenic potential, in vitro, in leporine-derived APCs, Clinical Notes), 18:1169–1172 19:360–368 Osteomalacia, oncogenic, ethmoid associated with,Osteogenesis, distraction. See Distraction osteogenesis hypophosphaturic mesenchymal tumor of (Clinical (DO) Notes), 15:523–527Osteogenesis imperfecta, cranial reconstruction in, 5:180– Osteomuscular flap, pedicled mandibular, for zygomatic 184 reconstruction (Technical Strategies), 19:235–240Osteogenic activities of prefabricated periallografts, Osteomyelitis evaluation of (Original Articles), 16:1015–1022 craniofacial, multimodality imaging for preciseOsteogenic capacities of periost grafts, periost flaps, and localization of (Innovations and Techniques), prefabricated periosteal flaps (Experimental 14:215–219 Studies), 16:594–600 unilateral mandibular swelling and, 8:32–37Osteogenic potential of infant dural grafts in different Osteomyelitis, maxillary, rare condition of (Brief Clinical recipient beds (Scientific Foundation), 6:489 Notes), 16:861–863Osteogenic sarcoma in differential diagnosis of unilateral Osteonecrosis mandibular swelling, 8:32, 8:34–37 avascular bisphosphonate-related jaw (Clinical Notes),Osteogenic sarcoma, radiation-induced mandibular (Brief 18:1068–1070 Clinical Notes), 16:452–456 of jaws in oncologic patients, surgical therapy forOsteohypertrophy of oromaxillofacial area, angiodysplasia (Original Articles), 18:1012–1017 with (Clinical Note), 12:485–489 Osteonecrosis, cranial, roles of periosteum, dura, andOsteoinduction adjacent bone on healing of (Scientific in calvarial regeneration following subtotal craniectomy Foundations), 14:371–379 for craniosynostosis, 4:88 (Discussion), 14:380–382 in cranial incorporation of porous hydroxyapatite in Osteonecrosis (ON) of Jaws, and chronic high-dosage calvarial reconstruction, 3:157 intravenous bisphosphonates therapy, association demineralized bone matrix in, 3:70–77 between (Clinical Notes), 17:876–879Osteoinductive potential of demineralized bone in rate, Osteopetrosis, malignant, surgical correction of ethylene oxide gas sterilization and, 6:195–197 craniosynostosis in (Clinical Notes), 15:218–219Osteoinductivity, hydration characteristics of demineralized Discussion, 15:221 and nondemineralized bone matrix, 17:120–129 Osteopetrosis, mandibular, free fibular flap reconstruction inOsteointegration in intraoral and extraoral implantology, (Technical Strategy), 12:369–372 SPECT in long-term evaluation of, 8:379–382 Osteopontin at bone graft recipient site (Literature Scan),Osteolipoma of nasopharynx, (Brief Clinical Notes), 10:171 18:1176–1179 "Osteopromotion principle" in guided tissue regeneration (Clinical Study), 17:1105–1110 117
  • 118. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERYOsteoradionecrosis (ORN), HBO therapy for treatment of early, for scaphocephaly, roentgencephalometry after, (Scientific Foundation), 19:757–765 7:96–101Osteosarcoma, fronto-orbital sphenoidal and facial, facial management of (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:470–472 bipartition (Technical Strategy), 7:229–251Osteosarcoma, of lower extremity, role of pediatric plastic early, maxillary growth in children after (Scientific surgeon in limb salvage surgery for, 14:680–686 Foundation), 7:440–448Osteoseptocutaneous free flap, fibular, mandibular frontofacial, by distraction (Technical Strategy), 8:308– reconstruction with (Technical Strategy), 8:512– 317 521 frontonasal, to facilitate removal of intracranial nasalOsteoset pellets. See Calcium sulfate pellets dermoid (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:732–735Osteosynthesis fronto-naso-orbital, for Apert’s syndrome (Clinical LactoSorb resorbable, after sagittal split osteotomy of Note), 7:79–81 mandible (Clinical Note), 10:519 fronto-orbital, bilateral, frontal sinus development lag screw, in malar fracture, 10:193–197 following (Literature Scan), 10:169 maxillomandibular, simple intermaxillary fixation for holmium YAG laser-assisted, 8:14–16 (Technical Strategy), 7:170–172 horizontal maxillary, with interpositional fibula flap steel wire, delayed complication with (Clinical Note), (Clinical Note), 19:1260–1262 8:323–324 internal, in treatment of lambdoidal synostosis three-dimensional, in craniofacial surgery, 2:161A (Technical Strategy), 4:112–118 wire, techniques of, in craniofacial surgery, lamellar split, malar augmentation using, 5:116–123 biomechanical comparison of (Scientific Le Fort I Foundation), 5:44–48 in cleft lip and palate patients, speech changes afterOsteosynthesis, miniplate, infraorbital nerve disturbance commentary on, 9:183–184 with cellular phone use and (Clinical Note), (Scientific Foundation), 9:177–182 12:475–478 endoscopic pterygomaxillary disjunction for, 7:111–Osteosynthesis plates, passive and active intracranial 116 translocation effect of, in adolescent minipigs, pharyngoplasty in cleft lip and palate after, 9:330– 6:292–300 335 (Commentary), 6:487 commentary on, 9:336–337Osteosynthesis plates, titanium, effect of human organism on resorbable fixation of, 9:210–214 oxide layer formed on (Scientific Studies), subnasal modified, for nasolabial aesthetics 17:1144–1149 improvement (Technical Strategy), 7:399–402Osteosynthetic wires, osseous wound healing and, 7:46–52 technique, for correction of posttraumatic nasalOsteotomy(ies) deformities (Technical Experience), 19:476–481 access, for tumor surgery Le Fort I, with sparing fracture of lateral pterygoid plate (Discussion), 11:326 (Anatomic Study), 12:48–52 (Scientific Foundation), 11:318–325 Le Fort III advancement, in growing child affected by anterior segment, versus orthodontic treatment, Crouzon’s and Apert’s syndromes, presurgical determinants of successful treatment of and postsurgical growth and (Clinical Notes), bimaxillary protrusion and (Clinical Study), 16:369–377 16:234–246 Le Fort III bimaxillary, for facial skeletal deformity with in craniosynostosis syndromes, airway changes after malocclusion (Clinical Note), 11:128–136 (Clinical Note), 7:363–369 bimaxillary, repeated nose bleeding after (Brief Clinical distraction osteogenesis Notes), 18:1491–1493 in internal, with biodegradable devices calvarial bone harvesting with piezoelectric device (Clinical Note), 12:264–272 (Technical Experiences), 18:1395–1396 midface, sleep apnea and (Clinical Note), complex, surgical correction of orbital and periorbital 12:73–77 deformities using, in both orbital rim and wall endoscopic (Symposium), 9:287 (Technical Strategies), 16:144–149 for midface deficiency in cleft palate, 5:295 controlled depth, refinements in (Surgical Techniques (Correspondence), 6:256–257 and Equipment), 11:62–64 modified, in adult Crouzon disease commentary on, cranial, with high-speed drill, bone formation after, 9:486–487 (Technical Strategy), 9:481–485 analysis of, 8:466–470 for obstructive sleep apnea (Clinical Note), 10:430– cranio-orbital, with advancement, resorbable plates and 434 bone glue for stabilization of, 6:477 rigid external device for, fall on, injury from (Clinical dentoalveolar, bone fixation at, polyethylene ribbon for, Note), 12:237–241 11:537 Le Fort III, tension forces and (Anatomical Study), 11:197–202118
  • 119. SUBJECT INDEX (Commentary), 11:203 in primate, polyglyconate fixation stabilizing, 6:459 (Discussion), 11:406 Osteotomy distraction osteogenesis (ODO) for midfacialmalar augmentation by (Technical Strategy), 4:257–264 advancement, sutural distraction osteogenesismandibular (SDO) versus (Clinical Notes), 16:537–548 anterior horizontal, course of inferior alveolar Osteotomy for genioplasty, horizontal, unusual traumatic neurovascular canal relative to, 3:20–24 fracture of mandibular symphysis resembling sagittal split ramus (Clinical Notes), 15:229–231 fixation of (Clinical Report), 10:230–236 Discussion, 15:232 LactoSorb resorbable osteosynthesis after Osteotomy(ies) Le Fort I single-piece and segmental, (Clinical Note), 10:519 maxillary advancements, comparison of stability of, mandibular foramen and, 10:475 14:3–9 single- and double-tooth, traditional orthognathic (Discussion), 14:599, 14:600 surgery combined with (Clinical Note), 10:447– bimaxillary, in patient with hemophilia A (Brief Clinical 453 Notes), 17:705–707 temporary anterior, design of, 10:186–192 Le Fort III, intracranial hemorrhage resulting from skull for tumor extirpation, 3:47, 3:121 base fracture as complication of (Clinical Note),mandibular, healing of, mouse model of, 12:444–450 14:545–548mandibular, sagittal-split, for micrognathia with for midface advancement in patients with Crouzon edentulous maxilla (Clinical Note), 11:113– syndrome (Surgical Strategy), 17:957–961 119 for orbital tumor resection, novel approach in (Specialmandibular sagittal, transient facial nerve paralysis after Section: Cancer), 17:1251–1258 (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1110–1114 pre-maxillary, and bone grafting in bilateral cleftsmidfacial, “wing”- shaped, 7:341–345 (Clinical Studies), 17:291–296monobloc, (Technical Strategy), 7:229–251(May) and repositioning of malar complex, reduction nasal, monobloc, for external nasal deviation malarplasty using: clinical review and (Technical Strategy), 5:61–65 comparison of two techniques (Clinical Notes), orbital, for huge ossifying tumors involving orbit 14:383–392 (Technical Strategy), 7:156–159 OsteoVation hydroxyapatite cement, for craniofacial repairsorbital floor, performed by intraoral approach, new (Brief Clinical Note), 19:283–286 instrument design for (Technical Strategy), Ostrich eggshell, resorption kinetics of (Scientific 6:454 Foundation), 12:53–58orbital, reconstruction of anophthalmic orbit by (Brief Otalgia, mandibular joint dysfunction with, from bomb Clinical Notes), 16:1091–1097 explosion wave, 3:223–225“ p iggyback,” in craniomaxillofacial surgery, 6:199–209 Otocephaly, nonlethal (Clinical Note), 7:372–375power-oriented, depth-controlled (Technical Strategy), Otolaryngology, atlas of head and neck surgery and (Book 5:67 Review), 7:487sagittal ramus, modified channel retractor for (Technical Otoplasty evaluation, technique, and review, 14:643–653 Strategy), 9:401–403 technique, cartilage-sparing complete: 10-yearsagittal split, of mandibular ramus, unusual late experience in 100 patients (Clinical Note), complications of (Brief Clinical Notes), 14:521–525 16:664–667 Otoplasty, HRQOL outcome of adult patients, aftersagittal split ramus, changes in pharyngeal airway space (Original Articles), 17:629–635 and hyoid bone positions after (Clinical Study), Outpatient management of, pediatric burns, 19:1007–1009 16:23–30 Outpatient pediatric burns, prevention and management of,setback, sliding, reduction malarplasty using (Technical 19:1034–1039 Strategy), 9:275–279 Overdistraction, in growing infant, for completion ofsovraorbital, for frontoethmoidal meningoencephalocele, growth, 19:113–120 2:7 Overgrowth of costochondral graft in nasal reconstructionthree-dimensional planning of, in maxillofacial surgery (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:736–740 including soft tissue prediction (Surgical Oxidative stress, premature suture fusion and, 8:263–264 Strategies), 16:100–104 Oxidized regenerated cellulose (ORC), use in tissueof traumatic orbitozygomaticomaxillary deformities regeneration (Scientific Studies), 17:1137–1143 (Technical Strategy), 12:603–607 Oxycephaly, 10:145tripartite, for Johanson-Blizzard syndrome facial anomaly three-dimensional cranial expansion using distraction correction (Clinical Note), 6:382–385 osteogenesis for, 14:29–36 (Clinical Notes)vertical symphyseal, 9:338–343 OZC. See Orbitozygomatic complex (OZC)zygomatic Ozone therapy polyglyconate plates and screws to stabilize, in avascular osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) treatment, rabbit (Scientific Foundation), 4:228–233 (Clinical Notes), 18:1071–1074 119
  • 120. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY role in extractive surgery for patient with avascular Palatal sutures, normal, in newborns and fetuses: critical fact bisphosphonate-related jaw osteonecrosis, for successful palatal distraction (Original Article), (Clinical Notes), 18:1068–1070 14:457–461 Palate and cleft lip patients treated with presurgicalPac Man syndrome (Editorial), 9:489–490 orthopedic correction and primary reconstructionPain with primary bone management, polymer-based biodegradable drug delivery grafts/gingivoperiosteoplasty/without alveolar systems in (Scientific Foundation), 17:302–313 grafting procedures, assessment of (Clinical Notes), orofacial, due to TMJ disorders after improper surgical 17:468–473 treatment of mandibular fracture (Brief Clinical Palate cleft and lip, incidence of, in northeast of Mexico: 10- Notes), 17:373–382 year study (Clinical Note), 14:533–537Pain-spasm-pain cycle in temporomandibular joint and lip in adult patients, quantitative three-dimensional dysfunction, 3:224 assessment of soft tissue facial asymmetry ofPain syndromes (Clinical Notes), 14:739–746 after missile-caused peripheral nerve lesions: clinical and toe malformations in child with fetal methotrexate characteristics (Literature Scans), 18:990–991 exposure (Clinical Notes), after missile-caused peripheral nerve lesions: treatment 14:747–748 (Literature Scans), 18:991 lip cleft of, in utero surgery for: minimizing "ripple effect"Palatal distraction, successful, critical fact for: normal of scarring (Scientific Foundation), 14:504–511 palatal sutures in newborns and fetuses (Original Palatine bone denudation, on growth and development of Article), 14:457–461 maxilla and dental arch (Experimental Study),Palatal expansion technique, CT for surgically assisted 18:391–398 RME in midpalatal suture, transverse effects after Palatomaxillary defect, composite, reconstruction of (Clinical Note), 19:433–438 velopharyngeal competence for, fibulaPalatal mucosa, collagen scaffolds implanted in, 19:599– osteocutaneous free flap for (velopharyngeal 608 insufficiency), 19:866–868Palate Palatoplasty alloplastic tumor of (Images From Surgery), 11:65 signs of obstructive sleep apnea in (Clinical Notes), cleft. See Cleft palate 17:44–49 cleft, natal teeth as potential impediment to nasoalveolar two-flap, growth disturbance of cleft palate and molding in infants with (Technical Experience), secondary deformities after (Experimental 16:262–266 Study), 17:76 defect in, wide, reconstruction of, 12:561–563 Palatoplasty, alveolar extension, in sequential cleft (Discussion), 12:564 management, 10:503 fistula(s) of Palatoplasty, pushback, in palatal defect reconstruction, difficult, tongue flap for closure of (Technical 12:561–563 Strategy), 4:109–111 (Discussion), 12:564 recurrent, in cleft lip/palate patient, free flap closure of Palatoplasty, primary, technical strategies for (Technical (Clinical Note), 8:491–495, 8:496 Strategy), 19:1343–1347 fractures of, management of Palmaris longus, morphological assessment of (Anatomical (Clinical Experience), 10:49–57 study), 19:246–250 commentary on, 10:222–223 Palmaris longus tendon, in reconstruction of total hard, foreign body in, long-term impaction of (Brief maxillectomy with sparing of orbital contents, use Clinical Note), 19:826–828 of radial forearm free flap with (Technical hard, minor salivary gland of, EMC in (Brief Clinical Strategies), 14:220–227 Note), 19:1689–1691 Palpebral fissure, changes in after monobloc frontofacial hard, plasmacytoma of (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:164– advancement in faciocraniosynostosis, 19:106– 168 109 irradiated, oronasal fistula in, closure of Palpebral ptosis: clinical classification, differential (Discussion), 12:500 diagnosis, and surgical guidelines (Clinical (Technical Strategies, Ideas, and Innovations), Notes), 17:246–254 12:495–499 Palsy, of lingual nerve, position and shape in the third and unilateral cleft lip, early maxillary alignment using molar area as potential risk factors for (Anatomical β-titanium wire (velopharyngeal insufficiency), Study), 19:264–270 19:861–865 Pancraniosynostosis, 10:145Palatal distraction, successful, critical fact for: normal Panfacial fracture palatal sutures in newborns and fetuses (Original comminuted, treatment of, 9:514–521 Article), 14:457–461120
  • 121. SUBJECT INDEX severe, with facial explosion: integrated and multistaged immunolocalization study of, 19:393–397 reconstructive procedures (Clinical Note), Parosteal lipoma, frontal (Clinical Note), 19:1122–1125 14:893–898 Parotid gland neoplasms, ACC after superficial treatment organization for, 1:168 parotidectomy for benign lesion in (Brief ClinicalPanoramic imaging of craniosynostosis, three-dimensional, Notes), 18:231–235 2:165A Parotid gland warthin tumor, Mycobacterium tuberculosisPanorex tomography, identification of mandible fractures by infection within (Clinical Note), 19:1561–1565 (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:394–398 Parotid glandsPapilledema involvement in synchronous multiple BCAs of salivary visual loss in syndromic craniosynostosis with, but gland (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1470–1473 without other symptoms of intracranial mucoepidermoid carcinoma and myasthenia gravis (MG), hypertension (Clinical Notes), 15:1019–1022 (Clinical Notes), 18:1055–1057 Discussion, 15:1023–1024 tumors, diagnosed as a cavernous hemangioma (Brief as indicator of raised intracranial pressure in children Clinical Notes), 18:1493–1496 with craniosynostosis (Literature Scan), 8:81 Parotid tumors, of accessory gland, resection through in patients with Apert, Crouzon, and Pfeiffer syndrome: peroral approach with facial nerve monitoring prevalence, efficacy of treatment, and risk factors, (Technical Experiences), 18:1419–1421 19:121–127 Parotid, voluminous masses, bilateral: case report (ClinicalParalysis Notes), 15:165–169 facial, orthodromic transportation of temporal muscle for Parent/patient support, responses to telephone inquiries (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:306–308 made to craniofacial treatment teams and intratemporal facial, as complication of condylectomy (Correspondence), 5:143–145 (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:185–189 Parental relationship, effects of child with craniofacial transient facial nerve, after mandibular sagittal osteotomy anomaly on stability of, 14:704–708 (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1110–1114 Parents of children with craniofacial anomalies,Paralysis, facial, new classification system for, in clinical psychological aspects of, 2:9–16. setting, 14:672–679 See also Psychological aspects of parents of children withParalyzed eyelid, immediate, reversible rehabilitation of, craniofacial anomalies 3:181 Parietal boneParamedian cleft, of lower lip (Brief Clinical Notes), agenesis and associated multiple congenital anomalies 18:704–706 (Clinical Notes), 14:192–196Paramedian facial cleft, 7:408–411 thickness map of, in Korean adults, 8:208–212Paranasal flap, for total lower eyelid reconstruction (Brief Parietal bone thickness, age/race and, 11:17–23 Clinical Notes), 17:1020–1026 Parietal osteofascial flap for mandibular and maxillaryParanasal sinuses reconstruction, 3:183 meningiomas of anterior skull base expanding into, Parkes-Weber Syndrome (PWS), diagnostic features of 4:124–127 (Special Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:724– mucocele of, diagnosis and treatment of, 8:391–397 728 primary malignancies of, UICC classification and new T- Parotid gland staging system for, 8:405–412 cancer ofParanasal sinuses, endoscopic transglabellar approach to, staging grouping comparison in (Clinical Note), 11:412–417 12:141–144Parapharyngeal cyst, embryology, clinical evaluation, and surgical strategy for, based on local risk factors, surgical management, 19:1487–1490 12:434–437Parapharyngeal space, schwannoma of (Clinical Note), combined with actinomycosis, false diagnosis caused by 11:367–370 Warthin tumor of (Clinical Notes), 14:46–50Parathyroid hormone treatment, intermittent, enhances pleomorphic adenoma of, surgery for, 12:565–568 guided bone regeneration in rat calvarial bone Parotidectomy, facelift, approach with a hybrid SMAS defects (Scientific Foundations), 15:424–427 rotation advancement flap in, for prevention of scars Discussion, 15:428–430 and contour deficiency affecting the neck and sweatParents, psychological evaluation of efficiency of presence secretion of the cheek (Technical Strategies), of, anaesthesia induction in children and 15:797–803 (Literature Scans), 16:512 Parotitis, acute bacterial suppurative, microbiology andParental satisfaction, in children undergone MTH for management (Clinical Notes), 14:37–40 positional plagiocephaly, 19:56–58 Parotid gland, lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoidParental stress, craniosynostosis procedures, open vs. tissue arising in (Brief Clinical Notes), minimally invasive, comparison from parent 16:693–695 perspective, 19:128–131Parietal bone, TIMP 1 of bone graft healing on, 121
  • 122. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERYParotid gland, tumor in deep lobe of, role of transoral digital Pediatric craniofacial reconstruction, hydroxyapatite cement pressure in removal of (Brief Clinical Notes), in (Technical Strategies), 16:129–133 17:358–360 Pediatric craniosynostosis patients, resorbable plates in,Parry-Romberg syndrome (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1132– experience with, outcomes and complications based 1134 on (velopharyngeal insufficiency), 19:855–860Parry-Romberg syndrome (PRS), clinical feature of (Surgical Pediatric cranioplasty, new method of, for skull defect Strategies), 17:696–701 utilizing polylactic acid absorbable plates andParry-Romberg Syndrome, interdisciplinary treatment and carbonated apatite bone cement (Technical ophthalmological findings in (Brief Clinical Strategies), 15:469–472 Notes), 17:1175–1176 Pediatric facial burns, 19:951–959Pars marginalis, of upper orbicularis oris muscle, management of, 19:960–969 musculature of (Anatomic Studies), 18:151–154 Pediatric facial fractures, 19:339–349Partial flap necrosis and ectropion, complications in SCC current national incidence, distribution, and health care and BCC, (Original Articles), 18:1025 resource utilization (Discussion), 19:350Partial maxillectomy defect, redundant fibular bone as Pediatric fluid resuscitation, after thermal injury, 19:910– template for reconstruction of (Brief Clinical 912 Notes), 17:145–146 Pediatric hand, burned, early management of, 19:942–950Passive and active intracranial translocation (PAIT effect) of Pediatric neck, burn scar contractures of, 19:1010–1015 osteosynthesis plates in adolescent minipigs, Pediatric patient(s) 6:292–300 with abnormally shaped head, evaluation ofPassive intracranial translocation of microplates and screws, (Symposium), 9:574 6:487 access to care for (Editorial), 8:157Passive intraosseous translocation (PIT) effect, avoidance condylar fractures in, nonsurgical management of of, biodegradable miniplates in (Literature Scan), 12:100 (Commentary), 11:244–245 cranial vault remodeling in, temporal hollowing (Original Scientific Foundation), 11:239–243 following, hydroxyapatite cement pastePatient safety, future of (Editorial), 12:307 cranioplasty for (Clinical Note), 8:506–511Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) for pediatric patients craniofacial and maxillofacial surgery in (Book Review), (Clinical Note), 12:129–133 11:407–408Patient with cleft lip and palate, maxillary advancement and craniofacial surgery in transpalatal expansion by internal distraction in bioabsorbable fixation devices in, 8:97–102, 8:121– (Brief Clinical Note), 19:1415–1419 126Patents for surgical procedures, 7:1 early experience with, 8:110–114Pectoralis major myocutaneous flap in oromandibular bioabsorbable plates and screws in, 8:97–102 reconstruction (Clinical Note), 12:326–336 bioabsorbable plating systems in, outcomes of,Pectoralis muscle flap reconstruction, of pediatric sternal 9:441–444 wound infections (Clinical Notes), 14:512–516 commentary on, 9:445–447Pediatric complications of, in Orient, 8:340–350 breast deformity (Clinical Notes), 17:454–467 “false” migration of rigid fixation appliances in, orbital arteriovenous malformation in, management of 6:309–313 (Special Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:779– microfixation in, critical review of, 6:301–308 782 nausea and vomiting after, ondansetron for (Clinical population Experience), 10:45–48 oral manifestations of LC H in (Brief Clinical Notes), resorbable membranes in, for guided bone 17:552–556 regeneration and bone graft fixation, 8:127–128 wound management in, vacuum-assisted closure for with craniosynostosis, raised intracranial pressure in, (Literature Scan), 17:1263–1264 papilledema as indicator of (Literature Scan),Pediatric burn 8:81 economics of, 19:888–890 with deformational plagiocephaly, intracranial volume injuries, nonoperative management of, 19:877–881 in, computed tomography assessment of, 9:493– outpatient, prevention and management of, 19:1034– 503 1039 endoscopically assisted plastic surgical procedures in, wound management, topical antimicrobials in, 19:913– 8:164–169 922 Filipino, orbital and nasal soft-tissue measurements in,Pediatric burn patient normative data for, 12:427–432 critical care and monitoring of, 19:929–932 (Discussion), 12:433 nutritional and metabolic consequences in, 19:891–894 mandibular fractures in, facial growth and, 10:323–328 psychological rehabilitation of, 19:882–887 mandibular fractures in, maxillomandibular fixation in (Technical Note), 11:236–238122
  • 123. SUBJECT INDEX nasal reconstruction in, 9:522–528 plastic surgery as superspecialty of plastic surgery patient-controlled analgesia for (Clinical Note), 12:129– (Editorial), 14:427–428 133 proportion indices in craniofacial regions of 284 healthy plastic surgery in, manpower needs in, 10:3–10 north American white, between 1 and 5 years of postburn sequelae in, 19:1047–1052 age, 14:13–28 severe maxillary deficiency in, distraction osteogenesis sternal wound infections of, pectoralis muscle flap for, 8:181–186 reconstruction of (Clinical Notes), 14:512–516 skull fracture in tissue expansion: indications and complications after cranial vault reshaping in infancy (Clinical (Clinical Overview), 14:866–872 Note), 9:73–75 use of skin substitutes in (Clinical Note), 14:517–520 repair and reconstruction of, 9:65–73 vascular lesions of (Clinical Note), 14:566–583 split- oncology for (Book Review), 10:97 Pediatric plastic surgery, introduction to special edition of unilateral cleft lip and palate in, alveolar cleft bone (Special Issue: Pediatric Plastic Surgery), 14:429 grafting for, 10:58–72 Pediatric plastic surgery of Journal of Craniofacial Surgery arch dimensions at age 8 in (Clinical Experience), (Special Section: Giant Congenital Nevus), 10:58–67 16:869–870 craniofacial form at age 8 in (Clinical Experience), Pediatric population 10:68–72 etiology and patterns of mandibular fractures inPediatric patient(s) airway management in, with isolated Portugal: a retrospective study of 10 years Pierre Robin sequence during first year of life (Original Articles), 15:384–391 Original Article), 14:462–467 electrical burns of upper extremity in (Clinical Note), airway obstruction, upper, correction of, in newborn 19:1040–1046 with internal mandibular distraction Pediatric upper extremity and hand burns, management of, osteogenesis (Technical Strategy), 14:493–499 special considerations in, 19:933–941 blow-out fracture of orbital floor in, 14:666–671 Pedicled mandibular osteomuscular flap, for zygomatic brown tumor in, with normocalcemic reconstruction (Technical Strategies), 19:235–240 hyperparathyroidism: report of two cases PEEK (polyetheretherketones)-patient specific implant (Clinical Notes), 14:69–73 (PSI), computer-designed, complex orbito-fronto- cleft palate and toe malformations in, with fetal temporal reconstruction using (Brief Clinical methotrexate exposure (Clinical Notes), Notes), 18:224–228 14:747–748 Peer review process (Editorial), 6:439 effects of, with craniofacial anomaly on stability of Peptide surface modification, of expanded poly parental relationship, 14:704–708 (tetrafluoroethylene) fibers for guided neurite effects of gracilis muscle transplantation on speech in, outgrowth in vitro, spinal cord injury strategies with Moebius syndrome, 14:687–690 (Special Issue: Regenerative Medicine), 14:308– with epignathus: management of large oropharyngeal 316 teratoma in newborn (Original Article), Percutaneous iliac bone grafting of secondary alveolar 14:468–472 clefts, 2:135–138 FGFR2 mutations among Thai, with Crouzon and Apert Percutaneous reduction, treatment of noncomminuted syndromes (Scientific Foundations), zygoma fractures with (Surgical Strategies), 14:101–104 16:829–833 (Discussion), 14:105–107 Percutaneous screw reduction, and fixation, in treatment of foot and ankle trauma, reconstruction of (Clinical Note), noncomminuted zygomatic fractures (Clinical 14:559–565 Notes), 18:67–73 hand treadmill injuries (Original Article), 14:487–490 Perforating artery, submental, bleeding during facelift and (Discussion), 14:491–492 (Anatomic Studies), 16:3–5 hemangioendothelioma of frontal bone in (Clinical Perforator flap, anterolateral thigh, reconstruction of face Notes), 14:724–728 after resection of arteriovenous malformations using management of, burns (Clinical Experience), 14:713–718 (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:851–854 mandibular distraction osteogenesis in: present and Perfusion bioreactor, for vascular tissue engineering with future (Case Reports), 14:803–808 capabilities for longitudinal stretch (Special Issue: nevus sebaceus of Jadassohn (NS) in, and excision, study Regenerative Medicine), 14:340–347 of 757 cases, and literature review, 14:658–660 Peri-fronto-orbital craniectomy, early, for treatment of normal palatal sutures in: critical fact for successful isolated bilateral coronal synostosis, 19:40–44 palatal distraction (Original Article), 14:457– Periallografts, prefabricated, evaluation of osteogenic and 461 chondrogenic allografts of (Original Articles), plastic surgeon, role of, in limb salvage surgery for 16:1015–1022 osteosarcoma of lower extremity, 14:680–686 Pericranial dural inlay graft for growing skull fractures, 9:65–73 123
  • 124. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERYPericranial flap tibial and cranial, osteogenic capacities of (Scientific in correction of superior sulcus depression in Foundation), 19:453–458 anophthalmic orbit, 10:487 Peripheral osteoma of alveolar ridge of maxilla, (Brief in porcine model, design and development of (Clinical Clinical Notes), 18:1169–1172 Note), 8:501–505 PET. See Positron emission tomography (PET)Pericranial flap, for dura mater reconstruction (Brief Clinical Petrosectomy, temporomandibular joint function after, Notes), 17:584–590 8:383–390Perineural invasion, basal cell carcinomas (BCC) and Petrous temporal bone, with middle ear, GCT of (Special squamous cell carcinomas (SCC), (Original Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:797–800 Articles), 18:1026–1032 Pfeiffer’s syndrome, 8:279, 8:281. See alsoPeriodontal evaluation in maxillary expansion (Clinical Craniofaciostenosis; Craniosynostosis Note), 11:491–494 cervical spine in, 7:275–279 (Discussion), 12:95 elbow in, 9:201–205Periods of adulthood: age-related changes in eight age exorbitism and conjunctival ecchymosis in, treatment of categories in 600 healthy white North Americans (Clinical Notes), 17:44–49 of European ancestry from 16 to 90 years of age feet in (Clinical Report), 9:83–87 (Scientific Foundations), 15:288–298 FGFR2 mutation in, clinical outcome (Brief ClinicalPeriodsteal flaps, prefabricated, periost grafts, and periost Notes), 17:166–172 flaps, osteogenic capacities of (Experimental fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 gene mutations and Studies), 16:594–600 (Scientific Foundation), 9:162–170Perioral muscles, myotomy on, in dentoskeletal class II from fibroblast growth factor receptor-2 gene mutation, alterations, 12:409–425 9:207–209 (Discussion), 12:426 infant skull in, 6:483Periorbita (Literature Scan), 7:84 in orbital and globe rotation (Literature Scan), 10:526 monobloc and facial bipartition osteotomies for reconstruction of, post-traumatic (Literature Scan), (Technical Strategy), 7:229–251 7:174 patients with, prevalence of papilledema in, 19:121–127Periorbital area, retaining ligaments in, surgical anatomy of sleep apnea syndrome in, aggressive surgical (Anatomical Study), 19:800–804 management of, 3:9, 3:10Periorbital defects reconstruction, supraorbital artery (SOA) type II island flap for, (Surgical Techniques), 18:1114– with kleeblattschädel deformity at birth, midface 1119 distraction osteogenesis for (Clinical Notes),Periorbital deformities, surgical correction of, using lamella 17:28–39 and complex osteotomies in both orbital rim and with tracheal cartilaginous sleeve and cricoid wall (Technical Strategies), 16:144–149 cartilage involvement, airway management duringPeriorbital wrinkles, treatment by manual dermasanding tracheostomy in (Clinical Notes), 17:272–274 (Brief Clinical Note), 19:812–816 Pfeiffer syndrome, morphology and growth of mandible inPeriost flaps, periost grafts, and prefabricated periosteal (Anatomic Studies), 18:146–150 flaps, osteogenic capacities of (Experimental Phakomatoses, neurofibromatosis as (Clinical Note), 9:280– Studies), 16:594–600 284Periost grafts, periost flaps, and prefabricated periosteal Pharmacologic therapy, for minimizing radiation injury to flaps, osteogenic capacities of (Experimental normal tissues (Original Articles), 18:995–996 Studies), 16:594–600 Pharyngeal airway space, changes in, after body ostectomiesPeriosteal flaps in pig, 6:466 and sagittal split ramus osteotomies (ClinicalPeriosteal free flaps, bone graft survival utilizing, complex Study), 16:23–30 midfact reconstruction: maximizing contour and Pharyngeal atresia, congenital, surgical treatment of (Original Articles) (Surgical Strategies), 14:413– (Technical Strategies), 18:208–211 416, 14:779–782 Pharyngeal flap, posterior, speech benefits of, are preservedPeriosteum after surgical flap division for obsructive sleep absence of, transplanted fetal and neonatal rat coronal apnea: experience with division of 12 flaps, sutures and (Scientific Foundation), 5:318 14:630–636 dura, and adjacent bone on healing of cranial Pharyngoesophageal reconstruction, methods for, osteonecrosis, roles of (Scientific Foundations), comparison of (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:386 14:371–379 Pharyngoplasty in cleft lip and palate after maxillary (Discussion), 14:380–382 advancement, 9:330–335 in onlay craniofacial augmentation (Scientific commentary on, 9:336–337 Foundation), 9:260–266 Phenol, intoxication in child (Clinical Notes), 15:1010– preservation of, osteogenesis in canine rib autograft 1013 model and, 5:161–171124
  • 125. SUBJECT INDEXPhiltrum dimple, skin defect of, auricular composite graft for Pig (Technical Strategies), 14:228–234 experimental cranial surgery in, fascioperiosteal flap in,Philtrum, functional reconstruction of (Clinical Notes), design and development of (Clinical Note), 18:1343–1348 8:501–505Philtrum in sliding sulcus technique for bilateral cleft temporal fascial periosteal and musculoperiosteal flaps (Clinical Note), 11:137–167 in, 6:466pHi and pHe, tumors, relationship between, (Clinical Pig model, miniature. See Minipig model Notes), 18:1051–1053 “ P iggyback” osteotomies in craniomaxillofacial surgery,Phonation, VPI during, use of dynamic MRI in diagnosis 6:199–209 and treatment of, 19:566–572 Pigmented villonodular synovitis of temporomandibularPhone, cellular, infraorbital nerve disturbance with, after joint (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:712–715 miniplate osteosynthesis (Clinical Note), 12:475– Pilomatricoma, perforating, on upper eyelid (Brief Clinical 478 Notes), 17:372–373Photodynamic therapy (PDT), potential applications of, in Pindborg tumor, in children (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:365– regenerative medicine (Special Issue: Regenerative 368 Medicine), 14:278–283 Pin, cannulated, as delivery device in distractionPhotogrammetry, digital 3D, anthropometric precision and osteogenesis, 12:19–25 accuracy of (Anatomic Studies), 17:477–483 Pin migration, preventing, stoppers in RED II distractionPhotometry, tetracycline fluorescence incident, 5:77–80 device (Original Articles), 15:377–383 to study effect of periosteal preservation on Pinna, chondrodermatitis nodularis helicis of, pediatric osteogenesis, 5:161–171 (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:228–231Physical deformities, stigma of, increased suicidal thoughts Pinocchio nasal deformity, secondary to lymphangioma due to, need for treatment to reduce attempts on circumscriptum (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1473– (Clinical Notes), 17:1072–1075 1475Physician shortages, problem of (Literature Scan), 19:547 Pi-plasty, for sagittal synostosis, compared with springPhysician workforce challenge (Literature Scan), 19:547– assisted strip craniectomy, 19:59–64 548 Pi-plasty procedure, modified, for sagittal synostosisPi procedure for sagittal craniosynostosis, 6:98–102 (Clinical Note), 12:218–224Pierre Robin patients, hyoid bone abnormalities in (Discussion), 12:225–226 (Anatomical Study), 19:259–263 Pituitary adenoma, transnasal transseptal endoscopicPierre Robin sequence isolated, during first year of life, approach to, 8:159–163 airway management in patients with (Original Pituitary gland, accessory, infantile hemangioma of (Clinical Article), 14:462–467 Note), 9:468–471 severe, outcome of tongue-lip plication in patients with Pituitary surgery, application of craniofacial techniques and (Original Article), 14:603–608 intracranial endoscopy to (Surgical Strategies),Pierre-Robin syndrome, glossoptosis with micrognathia in, 16:812–818 mandibular distraction for, 9:127–129 PLA. See Polylactic acid (PLA)Pierre Robin sequencen (PRS) Plagiocephalometry (PCM), validation of, 19:15–21 airway management in, subperiosteal release of floor of Plagiocephaly the mouth in, 19:609–615 cranial distraction for, quantitative morphologic neonates with, respiratory distress in, mandibular DO analyses of cranium using three-dimensional for, 19:1237–1243 computed tomography and life-size model (Brief outcomes of tongue-lip adhesion for neonatal respiratory Clinical Notes), 16:688–692 distress caused by (Clinical Experience), deformational (DP) and primary care (Clinical Notes), 15:819–823 18:85–92 swallowing disorders in: its correction by distraction discussion on, 18:93–94 (Surgical Strategies), 15:934–941 deformational, craniosynostosis as misdiagnosis of, transmandibular K-wire in the management of airway 19:132–136 obstruction in (Surgical Strategies), 15:447– deformational (DP), clinical classification according to 450 Argenta, 19:664–668Pierre Robins sequence, early skeletal surgery in deformational, treatment of, cranial growth during (Symposium), 9:293–295 (Literature Scan), 11:204Piezoelectric device for bone harvesting (Technical and FGFR mutations (Brief Clinical Note), 19:290–291 Experiences), 18:1395–1396 positional, torticollis associated with (Brief ClinicalPiezosurgery, for osteotomies in rhinoplasty, (Surgical Notes), 16:411–417 Techniques), 18:1098–1100 positionalPiezosurgery ™medical device for cutting bone with assistive device for treatment of (Technical Strategy), micrometric ultrasonic piezoelectric vibrations, 11:177–183 (Surgical Techniques), 18:1098–1099 125
  • 126. THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY posterior, nonsynostotic, helmet vs. nonhelmet treatment Plaster of Paris as bone void filler of (Clinical Note), 11:571 (Discussion), 11:334 positional, MHT for, QOL and parental satisfaction in, (Scientific Foundation), 11:327–333 19:56–58 Plastic surgeon, pediatric, role of, in limb salvage surgeryPlagiocephaly, 10:142–143, 10:146. See also for osteosarcoma of lower extremity, 14:680–686 Deformational plagiocephaly Plastic surgery anterior (Symposium), 9:580–582 bone anchors in (Technical Strategy), 7:164–167 deformational, 10:143–144, 10:146 crossing barriers in (Editorial), 17:621–622 controversies on management of (Special of facial skeleton, 3:119 Commentary), 8:4–5 dynamization of processes in (Editorial), 16:947–948 early recognition and treatment of (Literature Scan), international family of plastic surgery; journey around 10:380 the world (Editorial), 17:213–214 metopic synostosis and, 10:473 mastery of (Book Review), 6:424 (Position Paper), 8:3 maxillofacial surgery within (Guest Editorial), 6:264– unilateral lambdoid synostosis differentiated from, 268 9:240–246 pediatric, of Journal of Craniofacial Surgery (Special in lambdoidal synostosis, 4:114 Section: Giant Congenital Nevus), 16:869–870 occipital, unilateral lambdoid synostosis differentiated pediatric, manpower needs in, 10:3–10 from, 9:240–246 pediatric, as superspecialty of plastic surgery (Editorial), positional 14:427–428 dynamic orthotic cranioplasty for, 9:150–160, 9:11– procedures in, for pediatric patient, endoscopically 19 assisted, 8:164–169 (Guest Editorial), 7:3 Plastic surgery, considerations for holoprosencephaly pneumatic orthotic cranial molding helmet for patients (Clinical Notes), 15:675–677 correction of (Original Article), 17:139–144 Platelet counts, accurate, for platelet rich plasma, validation reliability and validity of anthropometric of hematology analyzer and preparation techniques measurements for quantification of (Clinical for counting and (Scientific Foundation), 16:749– Notes), 17:413–419 759 posterior, 9:576–580 Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) in osseous repair diagnosis, treatment and outcome assessment of (Scientific Foundation), 4:103, 4:105 (Symposium),