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DEPARTMENT OF PEDODONTICS AND ORHODONTICS QUESTIONS OF ORTHODONTICS1. The subject, the significance of orthodontics and its relation to caries and parodontology.2. Etiology, acquired and hereditary anomalies.3. Classification and terminology of malocclusions.4. Relationship between function and anomalies. Angle diagnostic system.5. X-ray diagnosis, cephalometrics.6. The date of the beginning of treatment and the length of treatment time.7. Basic principle of orthodontic treatment. Biological and mechanical fundamentals.8. Classification of orthodontic appliances. The appliances historical survey.9. Removable appliances. Active and passive plates.10. Removable appliances. Functional jaw orthopedic appliances.11. Elements of fixed appliances, anchorage.12. Types and characters of orthodontic arches.13. Multiband systems I. (edgewise, light-wire, twin-wire).14. Multiband systems II. (bioprogressive, straight-wire).15. Head-gear, quad helix, Delaire mask, hyrax.16. Direct bonding.17. Treatment of Angle class I. anomalies. Local anomalies.18. Treatment of Angle class I. General anomalies.19. Treatment of Angle class II. anomalies.20. Treatment of Angle class III. anomalies.21. Orthodontic treatment by missing teeth.22. Complex therapy of cleft lip and palate.23. Extraction in orthodontics.24. Ambulant surgical interventions in orthodontics.25. Surgical and orthodontic treatment of mandibular and maxillary prognathism.26. Adult treatment in orthodontics.27. Early treatment in orthodontics.28. Retention, relapse.