Oral Cancer


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Oral Cancer

  1. 1. Oral Cancer Presenters: Lacey Brunson Renee Sanders Shanequa Bryant SC AHEC Nursing, Dental & Medicine Careers Academy June 5, 2009
  2. 2. What Is Cancer? <ul><li>Diseases containing abnormal cells that divide and spread uncontrollably </li></ul><ul><li>Abnormal cells combine to form a growth or tumor that can be benign or malignant. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Benign Vs. Malignant <ul><li>Does not spread </li></ul><ul><li>Rarely life threatening </li></ul><ul><li>Can be removed </li></ul><ul><li>Spreads to other parts of the body </li></ul><ul><li>Life threatening </li></ul><ul><li>Can be removed, but it may grow back </li></ul>
  4. 4. Definition of Oral Cancer <ul><li>Oral cancer: a disease that is found in the tissues of the lip or mouth; cancer of lip and oral cavity </li></ul><ul><li>Associated with a group of cancers referred to as head and neck cancers </li></ul><ul><li>Begin in the tongue and in the floor of the mouth, but they can spread to parts of the neck, lungs, and other body parts </li></ul>
  5. 5. Signs and Symptoms <ul><li>Sores that do not heal within 14 days </li></ul><ul><li>Bleeding in mouth </li></ul><ul><li>Lump in neck </li></ul><ul><li>Earache </li></ul><ul><li>Loose teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Dentures will not fit well </li></ul><ul><li>Pain or numbness in mouth </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty chewing or swallowing </li></ul><ul><li>Bad breath </li></ul><ul><li>Patches on the lip or in the mouth that are red, white, or a mixture of both </li></ul>
  6. 6. Causes of Oral Cancer <ul><li>Tobacco Use </li></ul><ul><li>Alcohol Use </li></ul><ul><li>Sun Exposure </li></ul><ul><li>Chronic Irritation </li></ul><ul><li>Human Papillomavirus (HPV) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Diagnosis <ul><li>Dentists may detect symptoms of oral cancer by observing the roof and floor of the mouth, back of throat, inside cheeks, lips, and the neck area. </li></ul><ul><li>A biopsy can determine if the abnormal area is actually cancer. </li></ul><ul><li>The pathologist observes the cells under a microscope to check for cancer cells. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Statistics on Oral Cancer <ul><li>Accounts for 2% of all cancers </li></ul><ul><li>40 years of age and older are at a higher risk </li></ul><ul><li>Over 35,000 people will be diagnosed </li></ul><ul><li>Over 7,600 will die from the disease </li></ul><ul><li>Mortality Rate Is Higher Than Other Cancers </li></ul>
  9. 9. Survival Rate by Stage of Diagnosis
  10. 10. Populations At Risk
  11. 11. Treatment <ul><li>Surgery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some include: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Primary tumor resection </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mandible resection </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Neck resection </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Radiation therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Chemotherapy </li></ul>
  12. 12. Side Effects of Treatment <ul><li>Swelling </li></ul><ul><li>Sore mouth </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty chewing, swallowing, or talking </li></ul><ul><li>Changes to appearance </li></ul><ul><li>Weight loss </li></ul><ul><li>Inability to wear dentures for a period of time </li></ul><ul><li>Fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>Lowered immune system </li></ul><ul><li>Nausea </li></ul><ul><li>Vomiting </li></ul><ul><li>Mouth sores </li></ul><ul><li>Lost of appetite </li></ul>
  13. 13. http://www.oralcancerfoundation.org/dental/slide_show.htm
  14. 14. Linkage to Oral Cancer <ul><li>Persistent gum disease can lead to oral cancer and other potential life threatening conditions like: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heart Disease </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stroke </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diabetes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chronic Kidney Disease (CDK) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preterm Birth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Health Disparities <ul><li>Health Disparities are differences in health conditions or outcomes among specific population groups in the United States. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some include: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental factors – rural and urban poor </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Economical factors – working poor </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural factor – language barrier </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Accessibility to care </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quality of care </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Prevention <ul><li>Ways To Educate People </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advertising & Visuals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Developing Culturally Appropriate Messages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educate in local schools, colleges, health clinics, churches, and community centers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Why It Is Important </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Early Detection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decrease Mortality Rate </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. References <ul><li>Health Disparities. National Association of Chronic Disease Directors. http://www.chronicdisease.org/i14a/pages/index.cfm?pageid=3447 . June 4, 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment for Oral Cancer. 2009. The Ohio State University Medical Center. June 3, 2008. http://medicalcenter.osu.edu/patientcare/healthcare_services/mens_health/oral_cancer/Pages/index.aspx </li></ul><ul><li>Side Effects of Oral Cancer. 2009. The Ohio State University Medical Center. June 3, 2008. http://medicalcenter.osu.edu/patientcare/healthcare_services/mens_health/oral_cancer/Pages/index.aspx </li></ul><ul><li>Gum Disease. May 2009. What is Gum Disease? June 4, 2009. http://dentistry.about.com/od/issuesandemergencies/a/importantbrush.htm . </li></ul><ul><li>The Oral Cancer Foundation (2009, June 4). Oral Cancer Facts. Retrieved June 4, 2009, </li></ul><ul><li>from < http:// www.oralcancerfoundation.org/facts/index.htm >. </li></ul><ul><li>American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (2005-2008). Early Detection </li></ul><ul><li>and Treatment Provide A Better Chance For Cure. Retrieved June 4, 2009, </li></ul><ul><li>from < http:// www.aaoms.org/oral_cancer.php >. </li></ul><ul><li>National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (2008, October). Oral Cancer Statistics. </li></ul><ul><li>retrieved June 3, 2009, from <http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/OralHealth/T opics/Oral </li></ul><ul><li>cancer/OralCancerStatistics.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>Oral Cancer Picture (June 4, 2009). < http://www.tobaccofacts.info/images/20050817-oral-cancer-1.jpg .> </li></ul><ul><li>Oral Cancer Picture (June 4, 2009).< http://www.topnews.in/health/files/Oral-Cancer.JPG .> </li></ul><ul><li>Oral Cancer Picture (June 4, 2009).< http:// www.deward.com/images/Perfect_NormalSmile.jpg .> </li></ul>