Oral Cancer
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Oral Cancer

on

  • 1,956 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,956
Views on SlideShare
1,956
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
78
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Oral Cancer Oral Cancer Presentation Transcript

  • Oral Cancer Presenters: Lacey Brunson Renee Sanders Shanequa Bryant SC AHEC Nursing, Dental & Medicine Careers Academy June 5, 2009
  • What Is Cancer?
    • Diseases containing abnormal cells that divide and spread uncontrollably
    • Abnormal cells combine to form a growth or tumor that can be benign or malignant.
  • Benign Vs. Malignant
    • Does not spread
    • Rarely life threatening
    • Can be removed
    • Spreads to other parts of the body
    • Life threatening
    • Can be removed, but it may grow back
  • Definition of Oral Cancer
    • Oral cancer: a disease that is found in the tissues of the lip or mouth; cancer of lip and oral cavity
    • Associated with a group of cancers referred to as head and neck cancers
    • Begin in the tongue and in the floor of the mouth, but they can spread to parts of the neck, lungs, and other body parts
  • Signs and Symptoms
    • Sores that do not heal within 14 days
    • Bleeding in mouth
    • Lump in neck
    • Earache
    • Loose teeth
    • Dentures will not fit well
    • Pain or numbness in mouth
    • Difficulty chewing or swallowing
    • Bad breath
    • Patches on the lip or in the mouth that are red, white, or a mixture of both
  • Causes of Oral Cancer
    • Tobacco Use
    • Alcohol Use
    • Sun Exposure
    • Chronic Irritation
    • Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Diagnosis
    • Dentists may detect symptoms of oral cancer by observing the roof and floor of the mouth, back of throat, inside cheeks, lips, and the neck area.
    • A biopsy can determine if the abnormal area is actually cancer.
    • The pathologist observes the cells under a microscope to check for cancer cells.
  • Statistics on Oral Cancer
    • Accounts for 2% of all cancers
    • 40 years of age and older are at a higher risk
    • Over 35,000 people will be diagnosed
    • Over 7,600 will die from the disease
    • Mortality Rate Is Higher Than Other Cancers
  • Survival Rate by Stage of Diagnosis
  • Populations At Risk
  • Treatment
    • Surgery
      • Some include:
        • Primary tumor resection
        • Mandible resection
        • Neck resection
    • Radiation therapy
    • Chemotherapy
  • Side Effects of Treatment
    • Swelling
    • Sore mouth
    • Difficulty chewing, swallowing, or talking
    • Changes to appearance
    • Weight loss
    • Inability to wear dentures for a period of time
    • Fatigue
    • Lowered immune system
    • Nausea
    • Vomiting
    • Mouth sores
    • Lost of appetite
  • http://www.oralcancerfoundation.org/dental/slide_show.htm
  • Linkage to Oral Cancer
    • Persistent gum disease can lead to oral cancer and other potential life threatening conditions like:
      • Heart Disease
      • Stroke
      • Diabetes
      • Chronic Kidney Disease (CDK)
      • Preterm Birth
      • Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)
  • Health Disparities
    • Health Disparities are differences in health conditions or outcomes among specific population groups in the United States.
      • Some include:
        • Environmental factors – rural and urban poor
        • Economical factors – working poor
        • Cultural factor – language barrier
        • Accessibility to care
        • Quality of care
  • Prevention
    • Ways To Educate People
      • Advertising & Visuals
      • Developing Culturally Appropriate Messages
      • Educate in local schools, colleges, health clinics, churches, and community centers
    • Why It Is Important
      • Early Detection
      • Decrease Mortality Rate
  • References
    • Health Disparities. National Association of Chronic Disease Directors. http://www.chronicdisease.org/i14a/pages/index.cfm?pageid=3447 . June 4, 2008.
    • Treatment for Oral Cancer. 2009. The Ohio State University Medical Center. June 3, 2008. http://medicalcenter.osu.edu/patientcare/healthcare_services/mens_health/oral_cancer/Pages/index.aspx
    • Side Effects of Oral Cancer. 2009. The Ohio State University Medical Center. June 3, 2008. http://medicalcenter.osu.edu/patientcare/healthcare_services/mens_health/oral_cancer/Pages/index.aspx
    • Gum Disease. May 2009. What is Gum Disease? June 4, 2009. http://dentistry.about.com/od/issuesandemergencies/a/importantbrush.htm .
    • The Oral Cancer Foundation (2009, June 4). Oral Cancer Facts. Retrieved June 4, 2009,
    • from < http:// www.oralcancerfoundation.org/facts/index.htm >.
    • American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (2005-2008). Early Detection
    • and Treatment Provide A Better Chance For Cure. Retrieved June 4, 2009,
    • from < http:// www.aaoms.org/oral_cancer.php >.
    • National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (2008, October). Oral Cancer Statistics.
    • retrieved June 3, 2009, from <http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/OralHealth/T opics/Oral
    • cancer/OralCancerStatistics.htm>.
    • Oral Cancer Picture (June 4, 2009). < http://www.tobaccofacts.info/images/20050817-oral-cancer-1.jpg .>
    • Oral Cancer Picture (June 4, 2009).< http://www.topnews.in/health/files/Oral-Cancer.JPG .>
    • Oral Cancer Picture (June 4, 2009).< http:// www.deward.com/images/Perfect_NormalSmile.jpg .>