View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!Introducing SlideShare for AndroidExplore all your favorite topics in the SlideShare appGet the SlideShare app to Save for Later — even offline
View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new Android app!View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!
IS THE TONGUE IS MORE THAN A DENTAL OBSTACLE? Department of OCBS and Orthodontics University of Maryland Dental School Baltimore This research was supported in part by grant DC02561 from the National Institute of Deafness and Other Disorders Maureen Stone, Ph.D.
At first, the bolus depresses the anterior tongue (red).
The bolus is transported backward.
The tongue elevates A-to-P as the bolus is squeezed backward.
Blue = high, Red = low regions Unrestrained– 20 ml BACK_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _FRONT Time Height 3 2 1
Unrestrained 10 mm BB Pos_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _Ant Time Height The biteblock caused a more anterior tongue initially (blue), a lower depression during propulsion (yellow), and a more anterior final closure (blue). Time Height Time
The initial and final closures were more anterior in BB than unrestrained (red arrows). Perhaps the subject could only reach a more anterior (and lower) part of the palate. The overlay shows the tongue to be anterior and inferior in the BB case. time unrestrained 10 mm BB
Effect of Bolus Size: Unrestrained Jaw 5ml vs 20 ml water
The patterns are very similar. The larger bolus depresses more deeply in the front around the bolus (red). Also the tongue elevates more rapidly to achieve maximum closure. 5ml 20ml
Swallowing patterns were similar for 2 bolus sizes. The 20 ml bolus begins with greater anterior tongue lowering, but both swallows end in the same place, with full palate contact. Thus pattern differences werere primarily scalar. 20 ml 5 ml time tongue palate contact
Study 2. Effect of Mouth Breathing on Tongue Position